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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849498/explaining-performance-on-military-tasks-in-the-canadian-armed-forces-the-importance-of-morphological-and-physical-fitness-characteristics
#1
Hans Christian Tingelstad, Daniel Theoret, Michael Spicovck, Francois Haman
Several occupations apply physical fitness tests to assess occupational physical performance to confirm that their employees meet minimum physical employment standards. Knowledge about factors affecting performance on these physical fitness tests could provide valuable information concerning mode of training. The main purpose of this study was to determine which morphological and/or physiological characteristics could explain overall performance outcome on six complex military tasks used to measure Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members' occupational fitness...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827791/western-university-no-10-canadian-stationary-hospital-and-no-14-canadian-general-hospital-a-study-of-medical-volunteerism-in-the-first-world-war
#2
Alexandra C Istl, Vivian C McAlister
The Canadian government depended on chaotic civilian volunteerism to staff a huge medical commitment during the First World War. Offers from Canadian universities to raise, staff and equip hospitals for deployment, initially rejected, were incrementally accepted as casualties mounted. When its offer was accepted in 1916, Western University Hospital quickly adopted military decorum and equipped itself using Canadian Red Cross Commission guidelines. Staff of the No. 10 Canadian Stationary Hospital and the No...
November 11, 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629689/satisfaction-with-civilian-family-medicine-residency-training-perspectives-from-serving-general-duty-medical-officers-in-the-canadian-armed-forces
#3
Brent Wolfrom, Geoff Hodgetts, Jyoti Kotecha, Emily Pollock, Mary Martin, Han Han, Pierre Morissette
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate satisfaction with civilian residency training programs among serving general duty medical officers within the Canadian Armed Forces. DESIGN: A 23-item, cross-sectional survey face-validated by the office of the Surgeon General of the Canadian Armed Forces. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: General duty medical officers serving in the Canadian Armed Forces as of February 2014 identified through the Directorate of Health Services Personnel of the Canadian Forces Health Services Group Headquarters...
September 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609855/delay-to-mental-healthcare-in-a-cohort-of-canadian-armed-forces-personnel-with-deployment-related-mental-disorders-2002-2011-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
David Boulos, Mark A Zamorski
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the delay to care among Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel who sought care for a mental disorder changed over time and in association with CAF mental health system augmentations. DESIGN: A stratified, random sample (n=2014) was selected for study from an Afghanistan-deployed cohort (N=30 513) and the 415 (weighted N=4108) individuals diagnosed with an Afghanistan service-related mental disorder were further assessed. Diagnosis-related data were abstracted from medical records (22 June 2010 to 30 May 2011)...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602535/depression-in-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-members-of-the-canadian-armed-forces
#5
Roger L Scott, Gerri C Lasiuk, Colleen M Norris
PURPOSE: Lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals have been shown to have different risks for mood and anxiety disorders than heterosexuals in population studies, but there is a paucity of research in this area in military populations. This study examined the relationship between sexual orientation and depression in the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). METHODS: Data were drawn from the Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey 2013 (n = 8165), a representative sample of Regular and Reserve members of the Canadian military...
October 2016: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366160/a-cluster-of-three-cases-of-hantavirus-pulmonary-syndrome-among-canadian-military-personnel
#6
Leighanne O Parkes, Trong Tien Nguyen, Jean Longtin, Marie-Claude Beaudoin, Julie Bestman-Smith, Donald C Vinh, Guy Boivin, Vivian G Loo
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a rare illness in eastern Canada. We present three cases of HPS among military personnel in Quebec. The three cases shared a common exposure to mouse excreta while engaged in military training in Alberta, a western province of Canada.
2016: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351645/insights-into-the-physician-assistant-profession-in-canada
#7
Danielle Fréchette, Arun Shrichand
Physician assistants (PAs) have been used for decades in the Canadian military. Now, PAs are being introduced in various clinical settings to provide patient care for the general population. This article reviews major developments in the PA profession across Canada over the last decade. Nearly 541 PAs are employed in Canada or work for a Canadian agency. Growing evidence demonstrates the positive effect of PAs; however, key issues challenge the extent to which the PA movement will continue to build momentum...
July 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27290759/-the-sister-in-the-early-days-of-the-nhs
#8
Harold Ellis
All the readers of this journal will have read and heard about the ward and operating theatre sisters in 'the old days'. What were they really like, and what was it like to work with them in the hospitals of those far-off times? I entered the old Radcliffe Infirmary Oxford in the summer of 1945, just as World War II was drawing to a close, as a 19 year old student to start my clinical training. I then qualified in July 1948, the very month the NHS came into being, and started my surgical career as house surgeon...
April 2016: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270745/accountability-for-the-psychological-costs-of-military-service-a-benchmark-set-by-the-canadian-armed-forces
#9
EDITORIAL
Alexander McFarlane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270744/contribution-of-the-mission-in-afghanistan-to-the-burden-of-past-year-mental-disorders-in-canadian-armed-forces-personnel-2013
#10
David Boulos, Mark A Zamorski
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the contribution of the mission in Afghanistan to the burden of mental health problems in the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey, which assessed mental disorders using the World Health Organization's Composite International Diagnostic Interview. The sample consisted of 6696 Regular Force (RegF) personnel, 3384 of whom had deployed in support of the mission...
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270741/prevalence-comparison-of-past-year-mental-disorders-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-the-canadian-armed-forces-and-the-canadian-general-population
#11
Corneliu Rusu, Mark A Zamorski, David Boulos, Bryan G Garber
OBJECTIVE: Military personnel in Canada and elsewhere have been found to have higher rates of certain mental disorders relative to their corresponding general populations. However, published Canadian data have only adjusted for age and sex differences between the populations. Additional differences in the sociodemographic composition, labour force characteristics, and childhood trauma exposure in the populations could be driving these prevalence differences. Our objective is to compare the prevalence of past-year mental disorders and suicidal behaviours in the Canadian Armed Forces Regular Force with the rates in a representative, matched sample of Canadians in the general population (CGP)...
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270740/perceived-need-for-and-perceived-sufficiency-of-mental-health-care-in-the-canadian-armed-forces-changes-in-the-past-decade-and-comparisons-to-the-general-population
#12
Deniz Fikretoglu, Aihua Liu, Mark A Zamorski, Rakesh Jetly
OBJECTIVES: Failure to perceive need for care (PNC) is the leading barrier to accessing mental health care. After accessing care, many individuals perceive that their needs were unmet or only partially met, an additional problem related to perceived sufficiency of care (PSC). The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) invested heavily in workplace mental health in the past decade to improve PNC/PSC; yet, the impact of these investments remains unknown. To assess the impact of these investments, this study 1) captures changes in PNC/PSC over the past decade in the CAF and 2) compares current PNC/PSC between the CAF and civilians...
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261454/the-influence-of-anthropometrics-on-physical-employment-standard-performance
#13
T Reilly, M Spivock, A Prayal-Brown, B Stockbrugger, R Blacklock
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) recently implemented the Fitness for Operational Requirements of CAF Employment (FORCE), a new physical employment standard (PES). Data collection throughout development included anthropometric profiles of the CAF. AIMS: To determine if anthropometric measurements and demographic information would predict the performance outcomes of the FORCE and/or Common Military Task Fitness Evaluation (CMTFE). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from FORCE research...
October 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254844/military-occupational-outcomes-in-canadian-armed-forces-personnel-with-and-without-deployment-related-mental-disorders
#14
David Boulos, Mark A Zamorski
OBJECTIVE: Mental disorders are common in military organizations, and these frequently lead to functional impairments that can interfere with duties and lead to costly attrition. In Canada, the military mental health system has received heavy investment to improve occupational outcomes. We investigated military occupational outcomes of diagnosed mental disorders in a cohort of 30,513 personnel who deployed on the Afghanistan mission. METHODS: Cohort members were military personnel who deployed on the Afghanistan mission from 2001 to 2008...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221270/trends-in-suicidal-behaviour-and-use-of-mental-health-services-in-canadian-military-and-civilian-populations
#15
Jitender Sareen, Tracie O Afifi, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Sarah Turner, Shay-Lee Bolton, Julie Erickson, Murray B Stein, Deniz Fikretoglu, Mark A Zamorski
BACKGROUND: In the context of the Canadian mission in Afghanistan, substantial media attention has been placed on mental health and lack of access to treatment among Canadian Forces personnel. We compared trends in the prevalence of suicidal behaviour and the use of mental health services between Canadian military personnel and the general population from 2002 to 2012/13. METHODS: We obtained data for respondents aged 18-60 years who participated in 4 nationally representative surveys by Statistics Canada designed to permit comparisons between populations and trends over time...
August 9, 2016: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147386/occupational-outcomes-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-canadian-military-personnel-deployed-in-support-of-the-mission-in-afghanistan-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Bryan G Garber, Corneliu Rusu, Mark A Zamorski, David Boulos
OBJECTIVE: Deployment-related mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) occurs in a significant number of military personnel but its long-term impacts are unclear. This study explores the impact of deployment-related MTBI on continued fitness-for-duty, with the ultimate intent of identifying potential targets for intervention to attenuate its effects. PARTICIPANTS: Consisted of 16 193 Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel who deployed in support of the mission in Afghanistan and completed an enhanced postdeployment screening (EPDS) questionnaire over the period January 2009-July 2012...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054303/patterns-of-alcohol-use-among-canadian-military-personnel-and-their-associations-with-health-and-well-being
#17
Isabelle Richer, Jennifer E C Lee, Jennifer Born
OBJECTIVE: Heavy drinking increases the risk of injury, adverse physical and mental health outcomes, and loss of productivity. Nonetheless, patterns of alcohol use and related symptomatology among military personnel remain poorly understood. A latent class analysis (LCA) was used to explore the presence of subgroups of alcohol users among Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Regular Forces members. Correlates of empirically derived subgroups were further explored. METHODS: Analyses were performed on a subsample of alcohol users who participated in a 2008/09 cross-sectional survey of a stratified random sample of currently serving CAF Regular Force members (N = 1980)...
April 7, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26954537/psychosocial-pathways-linking-adverse-childhood-experiences-to-mental-health-in-recently-deployed-canadian-military-service-members
#18
Jennifer E C Lee, Brigitte Phinney, Kimberley Watkins, Mark A Zamorski
Multiple pathways have been suggested to account for the relationship of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and well-being in adulthood, including interpersonal difficulties, the underestimation of one's sense of mastery, and a greater propensity to experience stressors later in life. This study was conducted to examine the association between ACEs and mental health in Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel, and the possible mediating roles of social support, mastery, and combat stressors in that relationship...
April 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26817953/association-of-child-abuse-exposure-with-suicidal-ideation-suicide-plans-and-suicide-attempts-in-military-personnel-and-the-general-population-in-canada
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Tracie O Afifi, Tamara Taillieu, Mark A Zamorski, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Jitender Sareen
IMPORTANCE: Recent evidence indicates a high prevalence of child abuse exposure in modern US veterans, which may explain in part their higher likelihood of suicide relative to civilians. However, the relationship between child abuse exposure and suicide-related outcomes in military personnel relative to civilians is unknown. Furthermore, the associations among deployment-related trauma, child abuse exposure, and suicide-related outcomes in military personnel have not been examined. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether child abuse exposure is more prevalent in Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel compared with the Canadian general population (CGP); to compare the association between child abuse exposure and suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and suicide attempts among the CAF and CGP; and to determine whether child abuse exposure has an additive or interaction effect on the association of deployment-related trauma and past-year suicidal ideation and suicide plans among Regular Forces personnel...
March 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26720506/trauma-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-canadian-military
#20
Alain Brunet, Eva Monson, Aihua Liu, Deniz Fikretoglu
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the lifetime prevalence of trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among a representative, active military sample, and to identify demographic and military variables that modulate rates of trauma exposure as well as PTSD rates and duration. METHOD: A cross-sectional weighted sample of 5155 regular members and 3957 reservists (n = 8441) of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) was face-to-face interviewed using a lay-administered structured interview that generates Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, psychiatric diagnoses...
November 2015: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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