keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blood cultures sepsis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792103/prolonged-use-of-antibiotics-after-birth-is-associated-with-increased-morbidity-in-preterm-infants-with-negative-cultures
#1
C Fajardo, B Alshaikh, A Harabor
BACKGROUND: Most preterm infants are exposed to a variable duration of antibiotic therapy after birth despite negative cultures. Data is emerging about the risks of prolonged antibiotics. We sought to assess the association between length of initial antibiotic course and neonatal outcomes in a cohort from a single large perinatal centre. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data on all infants with a birth weight of less than 1250 g hospitalized in our NICU in a 4-year window and who had negative blood and CSF cultures in the first 2 days of life...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791315/incidence-of-early-onset-sepsis-in-infants-born-to-women-with-clinical-chorioamnionitis
#2
Tara M Randis, Madeline Murguia Rice, Leslie Myatt, Alan T N Tita, Kenneth J Leveno, Uma M Reddy, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Brian M Mercer, Mara J Dinsmoor, Susan M Ramin, Marshall W Carpenter, Philip Samuels, Anthony Sciscione, Jorge E Tolosa, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of sepsis and other adverse neonatal outcomes in women with a clinical diagnosis of chorioamnionitis. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of a multi-center placebo-controlled trial of vitamins C/E to prevent preeclampsia in low risk nulliparous women. Clinical chorioamnionitis was defined as either the "clinical diagnosis" of chorioamnionitis or antibiotic administration during labor because of an elevated temperature or uterine tenderness in the absence of another cause...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790810/a-review-of-novel-technologies-and-techniques-associated-with-identification-of-bloodstream-infection-aetiologies-and-rapid-antimicrobial-genotypic-and-quantitative-phenotypic-determination
#3
Stephen Poole, Stephen P Kidd, Kordo Saeed
Introduction The antimicrobial aspect of management of patients with blood stream infections (BSI) and sepsis is time critical. In an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance, rapid detection and identification of bacteria with antimicrobial susceptibility is crucial to direct therapy early in the course of illness. Molecular techniques offer a potential solution to this. Areas covered In the present review the authors have discussed a number of novel solutions utilising a variety of molecular techniques for pathogen detection, identification and antimicrobial susceptibility...
May 23, 2018: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786145/pilot-study-demonstrates-that-placental-histology-can-provide-an-additional-tool-for-diagnosing-early-onset-neonatal-sepsis
#4
J M A Ykema, E J D'Haens, M Havenith, J van Eyck, R A van Lingen, M A C Hemels
AIM: We explored whether placental histology could help to diagnose early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS), guide clinical decision-making 48 hours after birth and reduce antibiotic use. METHODS: This study comprised 109 infants born at less than 32 weeks of gestation, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Isala, Zwolle, The Netherlands, between January 2013 and December 2013. EONS was defined as clinical symptoms plus raised serial C-reactive protein >10 mg/L and a positive (proven EONS) or a negative (suspected EONS) blood culture...
May 22, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783922/lethal-phlegmonous-colitis
#5
John D Gilbert, Roger W Byard
A 52-year-old man died soon after admission to hospital with a severe metabolic acidosis and likely sepsis. He had a past history of alcohol abuse with withdrawal seizures. An abdominal computed tomography scan showed thickened bowel loops but no obvious ischaemic changes, and a blood culture yielded a pure growth of Escherichia coli. At autopsy, the liver showed well-established micro-nodular cirrhosis with steatosis. The peritoneal cavity contained 200 mL of turbid yellow-brown fluid, and the caecum and ascending colon were unusually thickened...
January 1, 2018: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771353/predictors-for-identifying-burn-sepsis-and-performance-versus-existing-criteria
#6
David M Hill, Matthew D Percy, Sai R Velamuri, Julio Lanfranco, Ivan Romero Legro, Scott E Sinclair, William L Hickerson
Sepsis is the largest cause of mortality in thermally injured patients. Traditional SIRS criteria do not aid diagnosis of sepsis in burn centers. Studies have attempted identification of the best indicators of sepsis in the thermal injured patient, but predictive variables are inconsistent across the various studies. Currently, consensus guidelines lack evidential support as to which patients will benefit most from prompt antimicrobial therapy. The purpose of our study was to evaluate novel diagnostic parameters for thermal injured patients with known sepsis and compare these parameters with existing diagnostic criteria...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764541/-tianjin-characteristics-of-integrated-traditional-chinese-and-western-medicine-in-first-aid-medical-system
#7
Zhijun Li
Tianjin, as the earliest city to open up, the exchange of Chinese and Western cultures also started earlier. Therefore, today's emergency medicine system with integrated features of Chinese and Western medicine is formed. Professor Wang Jinda, who works in Tianjin First Center Hospital, makes the theory of "treating bronchitis and treating diseases" and "three methods of three syndromes" for the treatment of severe diseases such as sepsis. The surgical aspect is the treatment of acute abdomen with the combination of Chinese and Western medicine which is proposed by Academician Wu Xianzhong who worked in Tianjin Nankai Hospital...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764503/bacteriological-profile-of-neonatal-sepsis-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-isolates-admitted-at-kanti-children-s-hospital-kathmandu-nepal
#8
Nikita Singh Yadav, Saroj Sharma, Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Prabhat Panthi, Pankaj Pokhrel, Anil Shrestha, Pappu Kumar Mandal
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality of newborns (< 1 month of age). Septicemia and drug resistance is a predominant issue for neonatal death in Nepal. This study is intended to find bacteriological profile of neonatal sepsis and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the isolates from neonates at Kanti Children's Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal. RESULTS: Out of 350 suspected cases of neonatal sepsis, 59 (16.9%) cases showed positive blood culture...
May 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763469/rapid-diagnosis-of-bloodstream-infections-in-the-critically-ill-evaluation-of-the-broad-range-pcr-esi-ms-technology
#9
Martina Tassinari, Silvia Zannoli, Patrizia Farabegoli, Maria Federica Pedna, Anna Pierro, Antonio Mastroianni, Riccardo Fontan, Luciano Luongo, Giuseppe Sarnataro, Elisa Menegatti, Assunta Caruso, Vittorio Sambri
Bloodstream infection (BSI) and associated sepsis represent a major source of mortality in industrialized countries. Prompt treatment with targeted antibiotics affects both the financial impact and the clinical outcome of BSI: every hour gained in initiating the correct antimicrobial therapy significantly increases the probability of patient survival. However, the current standard-of-care, which depends on blood culture-based diagnosis, are often unable to provide such a fast response. Fast and sensitive molecular techniques for the detection of sepsis-related pathogens from primary blood samples are strongly needed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762033/isolation-synthesis-and-antisepsis-effects-of-a-c-methylcoumarinochromone-isolated-from-abronia-nana-cell-culture
#10
Wonhwa Lee, Doohyun Lee, Yuri Lee, Taeho Lee, Kyung-Sik Song, Eun-Ju Yang, Jong-Sup Bae
Only a few isoflavones have been isolated from plants of the genus Abronia. The biological properties of compounds isolated from Abronia species have not been well established, and their antisepsis effects have not been reported yet. In the present study, a new C-methylcoumarinochromone, was isolated from Abronia nana suspension cultures. Its structure was deduced as 9,11-dihydroxy-10-methylcoumarinochromone (boeravinone Y, 1) by spectroscopic data analysis and verified by chemical synthesis. The potential inhibitory effects of 1 against high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1)-mediated septic responses were investigated...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759089/thrombocytopenia-in-bacteraemia-and-association-with-bacterial-species
#11
D Johansson, M Rasmussen, M Inghammar
Thrombocytopenia is common in patients with invasive bacterial infections. Bacteria can activate platelets, but it is unclear if this affects platelet count. The aim of this study was to examine whether bacteraemia with Staphylococcus aureus, which readily activate human platelets, was more likely to be complicated by thrombocytopenia than bacteraemia with Escherichia coli or Streptococcus pneumoniae with different abilities to activate platelets.We compared information from 600 adult patients with community-acquired bacteraemia with S...
May 15, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756430/-evaluation-of-a-pcr-multiplex-technique-for-the-rapid-diagnosis-of-bacteriemia
#12
M F López-Fabal, J L Gómez-Garcés, M López Lomba, M Ruiz Bastián
OBJECTIVE: Rapid and safe diagnosis of bacteremia is a continuous challenge in clinical microbiology. In this work, we evaluated a multiple PCR system that identifies 23 common pathogens as well as the production of 3 resistance mechanisms potentially present in them. METHODS: During a period of 2 months the positive blood cultures were processed in the usual way for identification and determination of their antimicrobial sensitivity. At the same time were incorporated into FilmArray panels...
May 11, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756282/acute-arthritis-predictive-factors-and-current-practice-in-the-approach-to-diagnosis-and-management-across-two-hospitals-in-sydney
#13
Katrina Pavic, Jay Pandya, Sophie Sebak, Amith Shetty, David Spencer, N Nicholas Manolios
BACKGROUND: Literature pertaining to the predictive factors for septic arthritis is limited. AIMS: The primary objective was to investigate the predictive factors for septic arthritis. The secondary objectives were to investigate the predictive factors for crystal arthritis and to explore current practises in the management of acute arthritis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken. All patients with an acute arthritis who underwent a joint aspiration for diagnostic and management purposes were considered for inclusion...
May 14, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753321/influence-of-pathogen-and-focus-of-infection-on-procalcitonin-values-in-sepsis-patients-with-bacteremia-or-candidemia
#14
Daniel O Thomas-Rüddel, Bernhard Poidinger, Matthias Kott, Manfred Weiss, Konrad Reinhart, Frank Bloos
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of procalcitonin (PCT) serum concentrations to diagnose Gram-negative bacteremia and the association of PCT serum concentrations with more specific pathogens and the focus of infection. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the prospectively collected patient-level dataset from a cluster randomized quality improvement trial was performed. The trial included sepsis patients with organ dysfunction treated in the participating intensive care units from 2011 to 2015...
May 13, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742943/comparison-between-presepsin-and-procalcitonin-in-early-diagnosis-of-neonatal-sepsis
#15
Agustin Iskandar, Maimun Z Arthamin, Kristin Indriana, Muhammad Anshory, Mina Hur, Salvatore Di Somma
BACKGROUND: Neonatal sepsis remains worldwide one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in both term and preterm infants. Lower mortality rates are related to timely diagnostic evaluation and prompt initiation of empiric antibiotic therapy. Blood culture, as gold standard examination for sepsis, has several limitations for early diagnosis, so that sepsis biomarkers could play an important role in this regard. This study was aimed to compare the value of the two biomarkers presepsin and procalcitonin in early diagnosis of neonatal sepsis...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742584/predictive-validity-of-sepsis-3-definitions-and-sepsis-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-a-cohort-study-in-49-icus-in-argentina
#16
Elisa Estenssoro, Vanina S Kanoore Edul, Cecilia I Loudet, Javier Osatnik, Fernando G Ríos, Daniela N Vázquez, Mario O Pozo, Bernardo Lattanzio, Fernando Pálizas, Francisco Klein, Damián Piezny, Paolo N Rubatto Birri, Graciela Tuhay, Anatilde Díaz, Analía Santamaría, Graciela Zakalik, Arnaldo Dubin
OBJECTIVES: The new Sepsis-3 definitions have been scarcely assessed in low- and middle-income countries; besides, regional information of sepsis outcomes is sparse. Our objective was to evaluate Sepsis-3 definition performance in Argentina. DESIGN: Cohort study of 3-month duration beginning on July 1, 2016. SETTINGS: Forty-nine ICUs. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients admitted to the ICU with suspected infection that triggered blood cultures and antibiotic administration...
May 8, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733508/fast-rapid-determinations-of-antibiotic-susceptibility-phenotypes-using-label-free-cytometry
#17
Tzu-Hsueh Huang, Yih-Ling Tzeng, Robert M Dickson
Sepsis, a life-threatening immune response to blood infections (bacteremia), has a ∼30% mortality rate and is the 10th leading cause of US hospital deaths. The typical bacterial loads in adult septic patients are ≤100 bacterial cells (colony forming units, CFU) per ml blood, while pediatric patients exhibit only ∼1000 CFU/ml. Due to the low numbers, bacteria must be propagated through ∼24-hours blood cultures to generate sufficient CFUs for diagnosis and further analyses. Herein, we demonstrate that, unlike other rapid post-blood culture antibiotic susceptibility tests (ASTs), our phenotypic approach can drastically accelerate ASTs for the most common sepsis-causing gram-negative pathogens by circumventing long blood culture-based amplification...
May 7, 2018: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732457/a-computable-definition-of-sepsis-facilitates-screening-and-performance-improvement-tracking
#18
Lauren J Alessi, Holly R Warmus, Erin K Schaffner, Sajel Kantawala, Joseph Carcillo, Johanna Rosen, Christopher M Horvat
Background: Sepsis kills almost 5,000 children annually, accounting for 16% of pediatric health care spending in the United States. Objectives: We sought to identify sepsis within the Electronic Health Record (EHR) of a quaternary children's hospital to characterize disease incidence, improve recognition and response, and track performance metrics. Methods: Methods are organized in a plan-do-study-act cycle. During the "plan" phase, electronic definitions of sepsis (blood culture and antibiotic within 24 hours) and septic shock (sepsis plus vasoactive medication) were created to establish benchmark data and track progress with statistical process control...
March 2018: Pediatric Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717280/prevalence-of-sepsis-and-possible-severe-bacterial-infection-among-neonates-in-nepal
#19
Gambhir Shrestha, Rashmi Mulmi, Nibaran Joshi, Parashu Ram Shrestha
Nepal lacks adequate data on the prevalence of sepsis and Possible Severe Bacterial Infection (PSBI) among neonates. Thus, this systematic review was designed to estimate the prevalence of neonatal sepsis and PSBI status in Nepal. We searched PubMed and Nepal Journal Online for relevant studies on PSBI and neonatal sepsis published from 2006 to 2016. The eligibility criteria included those studies done in Nepal, evaluating the prevalence of PSBI/neonatal sepsis with denominators as the population at risk that is either total live births or total cases evaluated...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705735/lemierre-s-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-sepsis-presenting-with-an-absence-of-throat-symptoms
#20
Thomas Whittle, Natasha Amiraraghi, Bappa Sarkar
A 16-year-old boy presented to hospital with a 6-day history of diarrhoea, vomiting and abdominal pain. During his admission he was found to be hypotensive, tachycardic and persistently feverish. Blood cultures taken on admission isolated Fusobacterium necrophorum CT scanning of his neck showed a non-occlusive thrombus of the right internal jugular vein and a small right parapharyngeal abscess. CT scans of the chest and abdomen revealed multiple pulmonary abscesses, bilateral pleural effusions and splenomegaly...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
keyword
keyword
15733
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"