keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neurocognitive dysfunction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774207/overview-of-social-cognitive-dysfunctions-in-rare-developmental-syndromes-with-psychiatric-phenotype
#1
REVIEW
Aurore Morel, Elodie Peyroux, Arnaud Leleu, Emilie Favre, Nicolas Franck, Caroline Demily
Rare neurodevelopmental syndromes often present social cognitive deficits that may underlie difficulties in social interactions and increase the risk of psychosis or autism spectrum disorders. However, little is known regarding the specificities of social cognitive impairment across syndromes while it remains a major challenge for the care. Our review provides an overview of social cognitive dysfunctions in rare diseases associated with psychiatric symptoms (with a prevalence estimated between 1 in 1,200 and 1 in 25,000 live births: 22q11...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773978/effects-of-sevoflurane-exposure-during-mid-pregnancy-on-learning-and-memory-in-offspring-rats-beneficial-effects-of-maternal-exercise
#2
Ziyi Wu, Xingyue Li, Yi Zhang, Dongyi Tong, Lili Wang, Ping Zhao
Fetal exposure to general anesthetics may pose significant neurocognitive risks but methods to mitigate against these detrimental effects are still to be determined. We set out, therefore, to assess whether single or repeated in utero exposure to sevoflurane triggers long-term cognitive impairments in rat offspring. Since maternal exercise during pregnancy has been shown to improve cognition in offspring, we hypothesized that maternal treadmill exercise during pregnancy would protect against sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773664/cognitive-development-and-quality-of-life-associated-with-bpd-in-10-year-olds-born-preterm
#3
Sudhir Sriram, Michael D Schreiber, Michael E Msall, Karl C K Kuban, Robert M Joseph, T Michael O' Shea, Elizabeth N Allred, Alan Leviton
OBJECTIVES: To compare neurocognitive, language, executive function, academic achievement, neurologic and behavioral outcomes, and quality of life at age 10 years in children born extremely preterm who developed bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) to children who did not develop BPD. METHODS: The Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns study population included 863 children born extremely preterm whose BPD status before discharge was known had an IQ (Differential Ability Scales II [DAS II]) assessment at 10 years...
May 17, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772485/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-subjects-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-meta-analysis
#4
Wei Zheng, Qing-E Zhang, Dong-Bin Cai, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Ping Ning, Yu-Tao Xiang
Findings of neurocognitive dysfunction in subjects at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis (CHR-P) have been controversial. This meta-analysis systematically examined studies of neurocognitive functions using the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) in CHR-P. An independent literature search of both English and Chinese databases was conducted by two reviewers. Standardized mean difference (SMD) was calculated using a random effects model to evaluate the effect size of the meta-analytic results. Six case-control studies (n = 396) comparing neurocognitive functions between CHR-P subjects (n = 197) and healthy controls (n = 199) using the MCCB were identified; 4 (66...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769566/antiretroviral-drugs-alter-the-content-of-extracellular-vesicles-from-hiv-1-infected-cells
#5
Catherine DeMarino, Michelle L Pleet, Maria Cowen, Robert A Barclay, Yao Akpamagbo, James Erickson, Nicaise Ndembe, Manhattan Charurat, Jibreel Jumare, Sunday Bwala, Peter Alabi, Max Hogan, Archana Gupta, Nicole Noren Hooten, Michele K Evans, Benjamin Lepene, Weidong Zhou, Massimo Caputi, Fabio Romerio, Walter Royal, Nazira El-Hage, Lance A Liotta, Fatah Kashanchi
To date, the most effective treatment of HIV-1 is a combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), which reduces viral replication and reverses pathology. We investigated the effect of cART (RT and protease inhibitors) on the content of extracellular vesicles (EVs) released from HIV-1-infected cells. We have previously shown that EVs contain non-coding HIV-1 RNA, which can elicit responses in recipient cells. In this manuscript, we show that TAR RNA levels demonstrate little change with the addition of cART treatment in cell lines, primary macrophages, and patient biofluids...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766281/sex-and-gender-differences-in-schizophrenic-psychoses-a-critical-review
#6
Anita Riecher-Rössler, Surina Butler, Jayashri Kulkarni
Many sex and gender differences in schizophrenic psychoses have been reported, but few have been soundly replicated. A stable finding is the later age of onset in women compared to men. Gender differences in symptomatology, comorbidity, and neurocognition seem to reflect findings in the general population. There is increasing evidence for estrogens being psychoprotective in women and for hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal dysfunction in both sexes.More methodologically sound, longitudinal, multi-domain, interdisciplinary research investigating both sex (biological) and gender (psychosocial) factors is required to better understand the different pathogenesis and etiologies of schizophrenic psychoses in women and men, thereby leading to better tailored treatments and improved outcomes...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761877/diagnostic-accuracy-of-new-and-old-cognitive-screening-tools-for-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders
#7
M Trunfio, D Vai, C Montrucchio, C Alcantarini, A Livelli, M C Tettoni, G Orofino, S Audagnotto, D Imperiale, S Bonora, G Di Perri, A Calcagno
OBJECTIVES: Considering the similarities between HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) and neurodegenerative dementias and the frequency of executive dysfunctions among HIV-positive patients, we evaluated the accuracy of the Frontal Assessment Battery and Clock-Drawing Test together with the Three Questions Test and International HIV Dementia Scale to screen for HAND. METHODS: A cross-sectional monocentric study was conducted from 2010 to 2017. The index tests were represented by the four screening tools; the reference standard was represented by a comprehensive neurocognitive battery used to investigate 10 cognitive domains...
May 15, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760289/-neurocognitive-disorders-other-than-alzheimer-disease-vascular-dementia
#8
Mari Yoshida
Vascular dementia involves several mechanism of pathogenesis. Cerebral small vessel diseases play a central role in vascular dementia, including sporadic cerebral small vessel diseases, cerebral autosomal-dominant or autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL or CARASIL), cerebral amyloid angiopathy, and amyloid β-related angiitis. Although these diseases have different pathomechanisms, chronic white matter hypoperfusion contributes to development of neuronal dysfunction as a common pathway in vascular dementia...
May 2018: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751845/beneath-the-floor-re-analysis-of-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-untreated-hurler-syndrome
#9
Elsa G Shapiro, Chester B Whitley, Julie B Eisengart
BACKGROUND: Hurler syndrome (MPS IH), the severe, neurodegenerative form of type one mucopolysaccharidosis, is associated with rapid neurocognitive decline during toddlerhood and multi-system dysfunction. It is now standardly treated with hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), which halts accumulating disease pathology and prevents early death. While norm-based data on developmental functioning in untreated children have previously demonstrated neurocognitive decline, advances in methodology for understanding the cognitive functioning of children with neurodegenerative diseases have highlighted that the previous choice of scores to report results was not ideal...
May 11, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751506/neurocognitive-disorders-and-dehydration-in-older-patients-clinical-experience-supports-the-hydromolecular-hypothesis-of-dementia
#10
Michele Lauriola, Antonio Mangiacotti, Grazia D'Onofrio, Leandro Cascavilla, Francesco Paris, Giulia Paroni, Davide Seripa, Antonio Greco, Daniele Sancarlo
Abnormalities of water homeostasis can be early expressions of neuronal dysfunction, brain atrophy, chronic cerebrovasculopathy and neurodegenerative disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the serum osmolality of subjects with cognitive impairment. One thousand and ninety-one consecutive patients attending the Alzheimer’s Evaluation Unit were evaluated with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), 21-Item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-21), Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental-ADL (IADL), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Exton-Smith Scale (ESS), and Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS)...
May 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747930/baseline-and-outcome-assessment-in-pediatric-status-epilepticus
#11
REVIEW
Saba Jafarpour, Coral M Stredny, Juan Piantino, Kevin E Chapman
PURPOSE: To summarize different aspects of short and long-term outcomes associated with SE, including mortality, recurrence, subsequent epilepsy, neurocognitive dysfunction, imaging abnormalities, and health-related quality of life. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE for studies that assessed the short-term and long-term outcome of status epilepticus in pediatric population, including mortality, recurrence of seizure and status epilepticus, neurological, cognitive, or behavioral impairment, and health-related quality of life...
April 27, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742062/global-perspective-of-novel-therapeutic-strategies-for-the-management-of-neuroaids
#12
Swatantra Kumar, Vimal K Maurya, Himanshu R Dandu, Madan Lb Bhatt, Shailendra K Saxena
Among Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals, around two-thirds of patients present with neuroAIDS, where HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND), and HIV-associated dementia (HAD) are the most prevailing neurological complications. The neuropathology of neuroAIDS can be characterized by the presence of HIV infected macrophages and microglia in the brain, with the formation of multinucleated giant cells. Global predominant subtypes of HIV-1 clade B and C infections influence the differential effect of immune and neuronal dysfunctions, leading to clade-specific clinical variation in neuroAIDS patient cohorts...
May 8, 2018: Biomolecular Concepts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736355/juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy-presenting-with-neurocognitive-impairment-a-case-report
#13
Sarfraz Mahesar, Hira F Akbar, Husnain Abid, Rabia Sana
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a genetically and clinically diverse disorder which is characterized by myoclonic jerks, usually after awakening from sleep. It affects both genders equally and manifests during the second decade of life. The various precipitating factors include stress, light, sleep deprivation, and alcohol. A history of morning clumsiness supported by typical electroencephalography (EEG) findings, together with a normal clinical examination all point towards a diagnosis of JME. We present the case of a nine-year-old girl who presented with cognitive dysfunction in addition to myoclonic jerks...
March 5, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728749/the-role-of-18f-fp-cit-pet-in-differentiation-of-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-and-frontotemporal-dementia-in-the-early-stage
#14
Han Soo Yoo, Seok Jong Chung, Soo-Jong Kim, Jung Su Oh, Jae Seung Kim, Byoung Seok Ye, Young Ho Sohn, Phil Hyu Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the pattern of striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) availability could differentiate between progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) in the first few years of the disease. METHODS: We enrolled patients who had Parkinsonism and frontal dysfunction and/or language deficit, visited the clinic within 2 years of the onset of symptoms, and had been followed-up for longer than 5 years; thus resulting in 26 patients with PSP and 24 patients with FTD...
May 4, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727212/neuropsychological-function-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Janice Nici, Jim Hom
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major and growing health problem. Brain-related effects of type 2 DM have been studied in several ways over the past few decades. Results have shown effects on brain structure, incidence of dementia, and impairment of various cognitive functions. The present study examined a sample of clinically-referred patients with type 2 DM and compared them with a sample of control patients who were matched on a pairwise basis on age, education, and gender. Each patient was tested using a comprehensive, integrated neuropsychological test battery...
May 4, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725829/involvement-of-acute-neuroinflammation-in-postoperative-delirium-like-cognitive-deficits-in-rats
#16
Takashi Kawano, Daiki Yamanaka, Bun Aoyama, Hiroki Tateiwa, Marie Shigematsu-Locatelli, Atsushi Nishigaki, Hideki Iwata, Fabricio M Locatelli, Masataka Yokoyama
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the age-, time-, and brain region-dependent postoperative neuroinflammatory trajectory, and its association with neurocognitive outcomes in rats. METHODS: Adult and aged rats were randomly assigned to one of three groups: control, isoflurane anesthesia alone, and isoflurane anesthesia with abdominal surgery. On either postoperative day 2 (early phase) or 7 (late phase), all rats were tested for trace and context fear memory retention after acquisition of trace fear conditioning...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719356/defects-of-gamma-oscillations-in-auditory-steady-state-evoked-potential-of-schizophrenia
#17
Chenhui Sun, Ping Zhou, Changming Wang, Yu Fan, Qing Tian, Fang Dong, Fuchun Zhou, Chuanyue Wang
Background: Patients with schizophrenia have many cognitive deficits. Gamma oscillations exist in the human brain and are closely related to neurocognition. Auditory Steady-State Responses (ASSRs) is an electroneurophysiological index that could reflect gamma oscillations. It was found that the energy evoked by 40 Hz ASSRs in schizophrenic patients was significantly lower than that in healthy subjects. However, the correlation between ASSRs phase index and clinical symptoms and neurocognitive deficits has yet to be systematically studied...
February 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713221/altered-white-matter-integrity-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-associated-neurocognitive-disorder-a-tract-based-spatial-statistics-study
#18
Se Won Oh, Na-Young Shin, Jun Yong Choi, Seung-Koo Lee, Mi Rim Bang
Objective: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been known to damage the microstructural integrity of white matter (WM). However, only a few studies have assessed the brain regions in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Therefore, we sought to compare the DTI data between HIV patients with and without HAND using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS). Materials and Methods: Twenty-two HIV-infected patients (10 with HAND and 12 without HAND) and 11 healthy controls (HC) were enrolled in this study...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710074/association-of-cannabis-with-cognitive-functioning-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
J Cobb Scott, Samantha T Slomiak, Jason D Jones, Adon F G Rosen, Tyler M Moore, Ruben C Gur
Importance: Substantial shifts in perception and policy regarding cannabis have recently occurred, with use of cannabis increasing while its perceived harm decreases. One possible risk of increased cannabis use is poorer cognitive functioning, especially in youth. Objective: To provide the first quantitative synthesis of the literature examining cannabis and cognitive functioning in adolescents and young adults (with a mean age of 26 years and younger). Data Sources: PubMed, PsycInfo, Academic Search Premier, Scopus, and bibliographies of relevant reviews were searched for peer-reviewed, English-language studies from the date the databases began through May 2017...
April 18, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708031/the-use-of-remowell-oxygenator-integrated-device-in-the-prevention-of-the-complications-related-to-aortic-valve-surgery-in-the-elderly-patient-preliminary-results
#20
Alberto Molardi, Maria V Di Chicco, Davide Carino, Matteo Goldoni, Matteo Ricci, Bruno Borrello, Florida Gripshi, Tiziano Gherli, Francesco Nicolini
Background The effects of fat microembolization due to cardiopulmonary bypass are well known in cardiac surgery. Our aim is to evaluate the use of the RemoweLL device (Eurosets, Medolla, Italy) during elective aortic valve replacement in elderly patients (>70 years old) to rate its biochemical and clinical effects. The RemoweLL device is an oxygenator-integrated reservoir which combines two strategies for fat emboli and leucocytes removal: filtration and supernatant elimination. Methods Forty-four elderly patients were enrolled and assigned randomly to a Group A (standard device) and a Group B (RemoweLL)...
June 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
keyword
keyword
15729
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"