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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054122/assessing-the-reporting-quality-of-influenza-outbreaks-in-the-community
#1
Calvin Lo, Dominik Mertz, Mark Loeb
BACKGROUND: High quality reporting of outbreak characteristics is fundamental to understand the behavior of various strains of influenza virus and the impact of outbreak management strategies. However, few studies have systematically evaluated the quality of outbreak reporting. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic analysis and assessment for reporting quality of influenza outbreaks based on a modified version of the STROBE statement, and to examine characteristics associated with reporting quality...
October 20, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054042/spontaneous-hemoperitoneum-in-pregnancy-ship-and-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-recent-literature
#2
REVIEW
Marit C I Lier, Romana F Malik, Johannes C F Ket, Cornelis B Lambalk, Ivo A Brosens, Velja Mijatovic
Spontaneous Hemoperitoneum in Pregnancy (SHiP), an unprovoked (nontraumatic) intraperitoneal bleeding in pregnancy (up to 42days postpartum), is associated with serious adverse pregnancy outcomes. To evaluate the clinical consequences of SHiP and its association with endometriosis, a systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Embase.com and Thomson Reuters/Web of Science were searched for articles published since the latest review (August 2008) until September 2016. After assessment for eligibility, forty-four articles were included in this systematic review, describing 59 cases of SHiP...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054017/hyperventilation-and-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Jorge Gómez-Arnau, Aida de Arriba-Arnau, Javier Correas-Lauffer, Mikel Urretavizcaya
BACKGROUND: Hyperventilation has been proposed as an augmentation strategy in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in accordance with its proconvulsant effect. OBJECTIVE: This study reviews the existing literature on the application of hyperventilation in ECT, its efficacy, and tolerance. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in PubMed and EMBASE databases. Search terms ('electroconvulsive therapy' and 'hyperventilation', 'ventilation', 'hyperoxygenation', 'hyperoxia', 'hypocapnia') were used to retrieve works from 1966 to June 2016...
September 23, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053904/a-direct-aspiration-first-pass-technique-adapt-for-acute-stroke-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Benjamin Gory, Xavier Armoiry, Rotem Sivan-Hoffman, Michel Piotin, Mikael Mazighi, Bertrand Lapergue, Raphaël Blanc, Francis Turjman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: ADAPT (A Direct Aspiration First Pass Technique), involving the first-line use of large-bore distal aspiration catheter, is a new strategy in the mechanical thrombectomy of acute ischemic stroke caused by large vessel occlusion. However, its impact on reperfusion rates, clinical outcomes, and complication rates is not fully examined. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review of the literature searching multiple databases for reports on thrombectomy of acute stroke with the ADAPT technique and performed meta-analyses of clinical and radiographic outcomes...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053886/a-historical-perspective-and-evolution-of-the-treatment-of-male-urinary-incontinence
#5
Julio T Chong, Vannita Simma-Chiang
AIMS: To describe the historical changes from antiquity until present in the presentation and treatment of male urinary incontinence. METHODS: A literature review of PubMed articles in English pertaining to male incontinence was performed. RESULTS: Male urinary incontinence was first mentioned in Egyptian manuscripts in 1500 B.C. In 1564, Ambroise Pare designed portable urinals for incontinent males. Wilhem Hildanus created the first condom catheter with pig bladder in the 1600s and was also credited with fashioning the first penile clamp...
October 20, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053875/current-state-of-the-surgical-treatment-of-terminal-neuromas
#6
Graham C Ives, Theodore A Kung, Bao Tram Nghiem, Daniel C Ursu, David L Brown, Paul S Cederna, Stephen W P Kemp
Painful terminal neuromas resulting from nerve injury following amputation are common. However, there is currently no universally accepted gold standard of treatment for this condition. A comprehensive literature review is presented on the treatment of terminal neuromas. Four categories of terminal neuroma surgical procedures are assessed: epineurial closure; nerve transposition with implantation; neurorrhaphy, and alternate target reinnervation. Significant patient and case studies are highlighted in each section, focusing on surgical technique and patient outcome metrics...
October 19, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053873/exercise-for-the-prevention-of-low-back-pain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#7
Rahman Shiri, David Coggon, Kobra Falah-Hassani
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of exercise in population-based interventions to prevent low back pain (LBP) and associated disability. Comprehensive literature searches were conducted in multiple databases including PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library from their inception through June 2017. Thirteen randomized controlled trials and three non-randomized controlled trials qualified for meta-analyses. Exercise alone reduced the risk of LBP by 33% (risk ratio = 0...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053849/a-network-meta-analysis-comparing-effects-of-various-antidepressant-classes-on-the-digit-symbol-substitution-test-dsst-as-a-measure-of-cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#8
Bernhard T Baune, Mélanie Brignone, Klaus Groes Larsen
Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common condition that often includes cognitive dysfunction. A systematic literature review of studies and a network meta-analysis (NMA) were carried out to assess the relative effect of antidepressants on cognitive dysfunction in MDD. Methods: MEDLINE ®, Embase ®, Cochrane, CDSR, PsychINFO ® databases, clinical trial registries, and relevant conference abstracts were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of antidepressants/placebo on cognition...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053807/systematic-review-of-the-concentrations-of-oligosaccharides-in-human-milk
#9
Stephan Thurl, Manfred Munzert, Günther Boehm, Catherine Matthews, Bernd Stahl
Context: Oligosaccharides are the third largest solid component in human milk. These diverse compounds are thought to have numerous beneficial functions in infants, including protection against infectious diseases. The structures of more than 100 oligosaccharides in human milk have been elucidated so far. Objective: The aim of this review was to identify the main factors that affect the concentrations of oligosaccharides in human milk and to determine whether it is possible to calculate representative and reliable mean concentrations...
October 19, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053771/the-cerebellum-in-alzheimer-s-disease-evaluating-its-role-in-cognitive-decline
#10
Heidi I L Jacobs, David A Hopkins, Helen C Mayrhofer, Emiliano Bruner, Fred W van Leeuwen, Wijnand Raaijmakers, Jeremy D Schmahmann
The cerebellum has long been regarded as essential only for the coordination of voluntary motor activity and motor learning. Anatomical, clinical and neuroimaging studies have led to a paradigm shift in the understanding of the cerebellar role in nervous system function, demonstrating that the cerebellum appears integral also to the modulation of cognition and emotion. The search to understand the cerebellar contribution to cognitive processing has increased interest in exploring the role of the cerebellum in neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders...
July 28, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053665/is-duloxetine-an-alternative-in-the-treatment-of-osteoarthritis
#11
Joaquín Ananías, Sebastián Irarrázaval
INTRODUCTION: Many osteoarthritis patients continue to present symptoms despite nonsurgical treatment. Duloxetine might be a viable alternative for such cases, but real clinical relevance remains unclear. METHODS: A literature review was conducted in Epistemonikos, the largest database for systematic reviews in health that compiles multiple sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane, among others. Relevant data were extracted, and information from the primary studies was reanalyzed...
October 18, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053651/association-between-obesity-and-periodontal-disease-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiological-studies-and-controlled-clinical-trials
#12
M Martinez-Herrera, J Silvestre-Rangil, F-J Silvestre
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a very prevalent chronic disease worldwide and has been suggested to increase susceptibility of periodontitis. The aim of this paper was to provide a systematic review of the association between obesity and periodontal disease, and to determine the possible mechanisms underlying in this relationship. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was carried out in the databases PubMed-Medline and Embase. Controlled clinical trials and observational studies identifying periodontal and body composition parameters were selected...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053646/periapical-implant-lesion-a-systematic-review
#13
J-A Blaya-Tárraga, J Cervera-Ballester, D Peñarrocha-Oltra, M Peñarrocha-Diago
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the evidence for periapical implant lesion, which makes a patient more susceptible to the periapical lesion, frequency, symptoms, signs (including radiological findings) and possible treatment options. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic literature review and analysis of publications included in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane; articles published until March 2016; with a populations, exposures and outcomes (PEO) search strategy was performed, focused on the issue: "In patients with periapical lesion to the implant during the osseointegration, what symptoms, signs, and changes in complementary examination manifested, for according to that stage, be intervened with the appropriate approach?"...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053644/dental-approach-for-apert-syndrome-in-children-a-systematic-review
#14
A-S López-Estudillo, M-A Rosales-Bérber, S Ruiz-Rodríguez, A Pozos-Guillén, Á Noyola-Frías, A Garrocho-Rangel
BACKGROUND: Apert Syndrome (AS), or type I acrocephalosyndactyly, is a rare, congenital craniosynostosis condition resulting from missense mutations in the gene encoding fibroblast growth factor receptor 2. It is characterized by three specific clinical features: brachycephalic skull; midface hypoplasia, and limb abnormalities (syndactyly of hands and feet). The disorder exhibits variable presentations in bones, brain, skin, internal organs, and in the oral/maxillofacial region. The aim of the present paper was to show the main results from a systematic review of AS...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053630/rapid-classification-and-identification-of-chemical-components-of-schisandra-chinensis-by-uplc-q-tof-ms-combined-with-data-post-processing
#15
Shenshen Yang, Lanlan Shan, Houmin Luo, Xue Sheng, Jun Du, Yubo Li
Schisandra chinensis (known in Chinese as WuWeiZi, WWZ) has observable effects such as astringing the lung to stop coughs, arresting sweating, preserving semen and preventing diarrhea. The major components of WWZ include lignans, triterpenoids, organic acids and fatty acids. In this paper, a reliable method for the rapid identification of multiple components in WWZ by their characteristic fragments and neutral losses using UPLC-Q-TOF/MS technology was developed. After review of the literature and some reference experiments, the fragmentation pattern of several compounds were studied and summarized...
October 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053616/valorization-challenges-to-almond-residues-phytochemical-composition-and-functional-application
#16
REVIEW
Iva Prgomet, Berta Gonçalves, Raúl Domínguez-Perles, Núria Pascual-Seva, Ana I R N A Barros
Almond is characterized by its high nutritional value; although information reported so far mainly concerns edible kernel. Even though the nutritional and commercial relevance of the almond is restricted to almond meat; to date; increasing attention has been paid to other parts of this fruit (skin; shell; and hull); considered by-products that are scarcely characterized and exploited regarding their properties as valuable sources of bioactive compounds (mainly represented by phenolic acids and flavonoids). This lack of proper valorization procedures entails the continuation of the application of traditional procedures to almond residues that nowadays are mainly addressed to livestock feed and energy production...
October 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053599/gut-fermentation-of-dietary-fibres-physico-chemistry-of-plant-cell-walls-and-implications-for-health
#17
REVIEW
Barbara A Williams, Lucas J Grant, Michael J Gidley, Deirdre Mikkelsen
The majority of dietary fibre (DF) originates from plant cell walls. Chemically, DF mostly comprise carbohydrate polymers, which resist hydrolysis by digestive enzymes in the mammalian small intestine, but can be fermented by large intestinal bacteria. One of the main benefits of DF relate to its fermentability, which affects microbial diversity and function within the gastro-intestinal tract (GIT), as well as the by-products of the fermentation process. Much work examining DF tends to focus on various purified ingredients, which have been extracted from plants...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053585/companion-plants-for-aphid-pest-management
#18
REVIEW
Refka Ben-Issa, Laurent Gomez, Hélène Gautier
A potential strategy for controlling pests is through the use of "companion plants" within a crop system. This strategy has been used in several trials to fight against a major crop insect pest: the aphid. We reviewed the literature to highlight the major mechanisms by which a companion plant may act. Trials carried out under laboratory or field conditions revealed that companion plants operate through several mechanisms. A companion plant may be associated with a target crop for various reasons. Firstly, it can attract aphids and draw them away from their host plants...
October 20, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053564/gout-keratitis-a-case-of-peripheral-ulcerative-keratitis-secondary-to-gout-with-a-review-of-the-literature
#19
Amirfarbod Yazdanyar, Allison E Rizzuti, Elzbieta Mechel, Ksenia Denisova, Douglas R Lazzaro
PURPOSE: To report a case of peripheral ulcerative keratitis secondary to gout. METHODS: A 41-year-old man with a history of severe gout disease presented with pain and redness of the right eye. Physical examination revealed 2 areas of peripheral corneal thinning with overlying epithelial defects. Adjacent to these areas, reflective crystals were identified in the corneal stroma. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography demonstrated stromal corneal deposits...
October 17, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053504/anesthesia-and-analgesia-practice-pathway-options-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-an-evidence-based-review-by-the-american-and-european-societies-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine
#20
Sandra L Kopp, Jens Børglum, Asokumar Buvanendran, Terese T Horlocker, Brian M Ilfeld, Stavros G Memtsoudis, Joseph M Neal, Narinder Rawal, Jessica T Wegener
In 2014, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine in collaboration with the European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy convened a group of experts to compare pathways for anesthetic and analgesic management for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty in North America and Europe and to develop a practice pathway. This review is intended to be an analysis of the current literature to assist individuals and institutions in designing a pathway for total knee arthroplasty that is based on existing evidence and expert recommendation and may be customized according to individual settings...
November 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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