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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656622/minimally-invasive-spinal-surgery-for-adult-spinal-deformity
#1
REVIEW
Junseok Bae, Sang-Ho Lee
The purpose of this review is to present the current techniques and outcomes of adult spine deformity (ASD) surgery using the minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) approach. We performed a systemic search of PubMed for literature published through January 2018 with the following terms: "minimally invasive spine surgery," "adult spinal deformity," and "degenerative scoliosis." Of the 138 items that were found through this search, 57 English-language articles were selected for full-text review...
March 2018: Neurospine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656595/pathways-of-association-from-stress-to-obesity-in-early-childhood
#2
REVIEW
Alison L Miller, Julie C Lumeng
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to critically review the literature on early life stress in relation to obesity in humans, including the multiple biological and behavioral mechanisms through which early life stress exposure (birth to the age of 5 years) may associate with obesity risk during childhood. METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted to identify studies on associations between early childhood stress and risk for obesity and the mechanisms of association...
April 14, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656438/renovascular-hypertension-associated-with-jak2-v617f-positive-myeloproliferative-neoplasms-treated-with-angioplasty-2-cases-and-literature-review
#3
Eikan Mishima, Takehiro Suzuki, Yoichi Takeuchi, Kazumasa Seiji, Noriko Fukuhara, Kei Takase, Hideo Harigae, Takaaki Abe, Sadayoshi Ito
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) with Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) mutation are associated with a high risk for occlusive vascular diseases. We report 2 cases of renovascular hypertension associated with JAK2 V617F mutation-positive MPNs and provide a literature review. In Case 1, a 63-year-old woman had resistant hypertension, massive proteinuria, and erythrocytosis. Evaluations revealed right renal artery stenosis causing renovascular hypertension and polycythemia vera with JAK2 V617F mutation. Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors and subsequent angioplasty controlled the blood pressure and the proteinuria resolved...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656432/calcium-channel-blockers-and-the-incidence-of-breast-and-prostate-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#4
A A Thakur, X Wang, M M Garcia-Betancourt, R A Forse
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer (BCa) and prostate cancer (PCa), both hormone-dependent cancers, are the second leading cause of death in both women and men, respectively. Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have been thought to increase the risk of cancer by inhibiting calcium signal-mediated apoptosis, but the evidence for this association remains inconclusive. We have reviewed pertinent literature and pooled data to establish a consensus on the relationship of CCB use and the incidence of these two cancers...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656423/interdisciplinary-knowledge-exchange-across-scales-in-a-globally-changing-marine-environment
#5
Karlie S McDonald, Alistair J Hobday, Elizabeth A Fulton, Peter A Thompson
The effects of anthropogenic global environmental change on biotic and abiotic processes have been reported in aquatic systems across the world. Complex synergies between concurrent environmental stressors and the resilience of the system to regime shifts, which vary in space and time, determine the capacity for marine systems to maintain structure and function with global environmental change. Consequently, an interdisciplinary approach that facilitates the development of new methods for the exchange of knowledge between scientists across multiple scales is required to effectively understand, quantify and predict climate impacts on marine ecosystem services...
April 14, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656404/pyoderma-gangrenosum-in-an-infant-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Lauren Crouse, Diana McShane, Dean S Morrell, Eveline Y Wu
Pyoderma gangrenosum is a neutrophilic dermatosis that is rare in infancy, with only 20 cases reported in the literature. We present a case of infantile pyoderma gangrenosum refractory to topical steroids, tacrolimus, and dapsone as well as systemic steroids and infliximab that is currently well controlled with the addition of oral tacrolimus. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the effective, safe use of oral tacrolimus in combination with infliximab for infantile pyoderma gangrenosum. We review all current cases of infantile pyoderma gangrenosum, as well as tacrolimus and its role in the treatment of this condition...
April 15, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656377/are-ct-based-finite-element-model-predictions-of-femoral-bone-strengthening-clinically-useful
#7
REVIEW
Marco Viceconti, Muhammad Qasim, Pinaki Bhattacharya, Xinshan Li
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study reviews the available literature to compare the accuracy of areal bone mineral density derived from dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA-aBMD) and of subject-specific finite element models derived from quantitative computed tomography (QCT-SSFE) in predicting bone strength measured experimentally on cadaver bones, as well as their clinical accuracy both in terms of discrimination and prediction. Based on this information, some basic cost-effectiveness calculations are performed to explore the use of QCT-SSFE instead of DXA-aBMD in (a) clinical studies with femoral strength as endpoint, (b) predictor of the risk of hip fracture in low bone mass patients...
April 14, 2018: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656294/gray-matter-heterotopia-mental-retardation-developmental-delay-microcephaly-and-facial-dysmorphisms-in-a-boy-with-ring-chromosome-6-a-10-year-follow-up-and-literature-review
#8
Shu Liu, Zhiqing Wang, Sisi Wei, Jinqun Liang, Nuan Chen, Haimei OuYang, Weihong Zeng, Liying Chen, Xunjie Xie, Jianhui Jiang
Ring chromosome 6, r(6), is an extremely rare cytogenetic abnormality with clinical heterogeneity which arises typically de novo. The phenotypes of r(6) can be highly variable, ranging from almost normal to severe malformations and neurological defects. Up to now, only 33 cases have been reported in the literature. In this 10-year follow-up study, we report a case presenting distinctive facial features, severe developmental delay, and gray matter heterotopia with r(6) and terminal deletions of 6p25.3 (115426-384174, 268 kb) and 6q26-27 (168697778-170732033, 2...
April 14, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656286/classification-of-uniparental-isodisomy-patterns-that-cause-autosomal-recessive-disorders-proposed-mechanisms-of-different-proportions-and-parental-origin-in-each-pattern
#9
Yo Niida, Mamoru Ozaki, Masaki Shimizu, Kazuyuki Ueno, Tomomi Tanaka
Patients with autosomal recessive (AR) disorders are usually born to parents both of whom are heterozygous carriers of the disease. However, in some instances only one of the parents is a carrier and a mutation is segregated to the patient through uniparental isodisomy (UPiD). Recently, an increasing number of such case reports has been published, and it has become clear that there are several different UPiD patterns that cause AR disorders. In this article, we report 3 remarkable patients with different patterns of UPiD...
April 14, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656234/intramasseteric-schwanoma-mimicking-an-isolated-cheek-mass-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Nazir El Khatib, Antoine Nehme, Selim Nasser, Nabil Moukarzel, Houssam Khodor Abtar
INTRODUCTION: Schwannoma is a benign well circumscribed tumor of the nerve sheath and it is mostly localized in the head and neck. Intramasseteric schwannoma represents a very rare entity and a few cases have been described in the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of an isolated, asymptomatic and slowly progressive right cheek tumor in a middle aged man. Although multiple investigations, including neck scanner and fine needle aspiration, were done, the diagnosis was obscure and difficult before definite surgical resection...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656206/enhancing-first-time-parents-self-efficacy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-universal-parent-education-interventions-efficacy
#11
REVIEW
Nur Arina Liyana Amin, Wilson W S Tam, Shefaly Shorey
BACKGROUND: Poor adjustment during early parenthood often leads to low feelings of parental self-efficacy, which influences parents' behaviours towards their infants. The long-term consequences on infant development warrant the need for more attention on the efficacy of universal parent education interventions to empower parents and enhance their self-efficacy. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise available evidence and explore the efficacy of universal parent education interventions on the parental self-efficacy of first-time parents...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656152/occipital-condyle-fractures-and-concomitant-cervical-spine-fractures-implications-for-management
#12
James L West, Atilio E Palma, Lukas Vilella, Kyle M Fargen, Charles L Branch, Stacey Q Wolfe
INTRODUCTION: Occipital condyle fractures (OCFs) have previously been described based upon anatomic characteristics; however, recent literature has proposed management based on biomechanical stability and neural element compression. The treatment of biomechanically stable fractures varies between observation and cervical immobilization. Prior to determining best management, understanding of concomitant cervical spine fractures in the presence of OCFs is prudent. The primary aim of this pilot study was to determine the rate of occurrence of biomechanically significant cervical spine fractures with OCFs...
April 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656140/outcomes-after-open-and-laparoscopic-appendectomy-during-pregnancy-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Anastasia Prodromidou, Nikolaos Machairas, Ioannis D Kostakis, Ernesto Molmenti, Eleftherios Spartalis, Athanasios Kakkos, Georgios T Lainas, Georgios C Sotiropoulos
OBJECTIVES: Acute appendicitis is the most prevalent cause of non-obstetrical surgical disease during pregnancy. There is no consensus on the optimal surgical management of acute appendicitis in pregnancy. Our aim is to identify surgical and obstetrical outcomes of laparoscopic (LA) and open approach (OA) in pregnant patients with acute appendicitis. STUDY DESIGN: Medline, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane CENTRAL Register of Controlled Trials and Clinicaltrials...
April 9, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656131/postoperative-treatment-following-open-incisional-hernia-repair-a-survey-and-a-review-of-literature
#14
Christoph Paasch, Stefan Anders, Martin W Strik
INTRODUCTION: Incisional hernias of the abdominal wall are frequent complication after laparotomy (9-20%). Open incisional hernia repair with sublay mesh placement (SMP) on the posterior rectus sheath is described as being a sufficient method for repairing incisional hernia. In order to ensure wound healing and to therefore prevent recurrence, carrying an abdominal binder (AB) or a pressure dressing (PD) and physical rest for a certain time is the common postoperative recommendation, though the evidence for post-operative treatment is low...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656119/state-of-play-and-future-direction-with-noacs-an-expert-consensus
#15
REVIEW
A T Cohen, G Y Lip, R De Caterina, H Heidbuchel, J L Zamorano, G Agnelli, F Verheugt, A J Camm
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) are cardiovascular conditions significant in contemporary practice. In both, the use of anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) has been traditionally used to prevent adverse events. However, VKA therapy is associated with challenges relating to dose maintenance, the need to monitor anticoagulation, and bleeding risks. The non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are becoming accepted as a clear alternative to VKA therapy for both AF and VTE management...
April 12, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656032/bioenergetics-and-synaptic-plasticity-as-potential-targets-for-individualizing-treatment-for-depression
#16
REVIEW
J Blair Price, Carrie Bronars, Sophie Erhardt, Kathyrn R Cullen, Lilly Schwieler, Michael Berk, Ken Walder, Sean L McGee, Mark A Frye, Susannah J Tye
Disruptions of bioenergetic signaling and neurogenesis are hallmarks of depression physiology and are often the product of dysregulation of the inflammatory, stress-response, and metabolic systems. These systems are extensively interrelated at the physiological level, yet the bulk of the literature to date addresses pathophysiological mechanisms in isolation. A more integrated understanding of the etiology, progression, and treatment response profiles of depression is possible through wider consideration of relevant preclinical and clinical studies that examine the result of disruptions in these systems...
April 12, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656029/gamma-band-oscillations-in-the-early-phase-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Thomas J Reilly, Judith F Nottage, Erich Studerus, Grazia Rutigliano, Andrea I De Micheli, Paolo Fusar-Poli, Philip McGuire
Abnormal gamma oscillations, measured by electroencephalography (EEG), have been associated with chronic psychotic disorders, but their prevalence in the early phase of psychosis is less clear. We sought to address this issues by systematically reviewing the relevant literature. We searched for EEG studies of gamma band oscillations in subjects at high risk for psychosis and in patients with first episode psychosis. The following measures of gamma oscillations were extracted: resting power, evoked power, induced power, connectivity and peak frequency...
April 12, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656026/bibliometric-study-of-articles-on-skeletal-class-ii-malocclusions-published-in-four-high-impact-factor-journals
#18
Lahcen Ousehal, Amal El Aouame, Nassiba Fatene, Laila Lazrak, Loubna Traiba, Papa Ibrahima N'Gom
OBJECTIVE: Perform a bibliometric analysis of the orthodontic literature on skeletal Class II malocclusions during the first decade of the 21st century. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, observational, and comprehensive study ranging from January the first 2001 to December 31 2010, based on the articles published in four high impact factor orthodontic journals: Angle Orthod, OCR, EJO, and AJODO (Quotation Report Newspaper of the Scientific Information Institute)...
April 11, 2018: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656000/primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-at-the-cerebellopontine-angle-mimicking-a-trigeminal-schwannoma-a-unique-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Vijay Seevaratnam, Yingda Li, Sun Loong Keegan Lee, Gemma Olsson
Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is an uncommon extranodal manifestation of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with those presenting at the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) being rare presentations with limited reported cases in the literature. We report a 60-year old female presenting with PCNSL of the left CPA radiologically mimicking a trigeminal schwannoma with corresponding clinical signs. Imaging showed a left CPA lesion that was biopsied and confirmed as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Given its rarity, PCNSL should be considered in the differential diagnosis for all CPA tumours...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655946/big-data-handling-mechanisms-in-the-healthcare-applications-a-comprehensive-and-systematic-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Asma Pashazadeh, Nima Jafari Navimipour
Healthcare provides many services such as diagnosing, treatment, prevention of diseases, illnesses, injuries, and other physical and mental disorders. Large-scale distributed data processing applications in healthcare as a basic concept operates on large amounts of data. Therefore, big data application functions are the main part of healthcare operations, but there was not any comprehensive and systematic survey about studying and evaluating the important techniques in this field. Therefore, this paper aims at providing the comprehensive, detailed, and systematic study of the state-of-the-art mechanisms in the big data related to healthcare applications in five categories, including machine learning, cloud-based, heuristic-based, agent-based, and hybrid mechanisms...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
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