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Literature review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241265/retroperitoneoscopic-resection-of-a-lumbosacral-plexus-schwannoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Bruno Freitas, Rui Figueiredo, Fabrício Carrerette, Marcus André Acioly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241197/renoprotective-effects-of-metformin
#2
Marc E De Broe, Farshad Kajbaf, Jean-Daniel Lalau
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It has become clear that metformin exerts pleiotropic actions beyond its glucose-lowering agent effect. In this review, we summarise the state of the art concerning the potential renoprotective effects of metformin in vitro, animal models and clinical nephrology. METHODS: A literature search was performed in PUBMED, ScienceDirect, between January 1957 and March 2017 using the following keywords: "metformin," "nephroprotection," "renoprotection," "survival," "renal failure," "chronic kidney diseases," "fibrosis," "polycystic kidney disease" and "microalbuminuria...
December 14, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241050/cytokine-alterations-in-panic-disorder-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Laiana Azevedo Quagliato, Antonio E Nardi
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder (PD) occurs in 3.4-4.7% of the general population. Although accumulating evidence suggests that some inflammatory processes play a role in the pathophysiology of mental disorders, very few studies have evaluated cytokine levels in patients with PD. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the characteristic cytokine profile of PD patients and discuss some possibilities for future trials on this common and disabling disorder. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was carried out in PubMed and Web of Science databases (search terms: "panic disorder" or "panic attacks" and IL-1, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, TNF-alpha and INF-gamma)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240862/-deep-heating-noninvasive-skin-tightening-devices-review-of-efectiveness-and-patient-satisfaction
#4
Suneel Chilukuri, Jason Lupton
<p>Non-surgical aesthetic devices intended for treatment of lax and loose skin have gained popularity due to their ability to non-invasively improve patient's aesthetic condition and its low side effect profle. This study is intended to review available peer reviewed literature about Ultherapy, ThermaCool, and Exilis Ultra 360 non-invasive skin tightening devices to compare their treatment effcacy and patient subjective satisfaction.</p> <p><em>J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(12):1262-1266...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240861/a-systematic-review-of-lower-lip-anatomy-mechanics-of-local-flaps-and-special-considerations-for-lower-lip-reconstruction
#5
Stefanos Boukovalas, Alexis L Boson, Joshua P Hays, C Helen Malone, Eric L Cole, Richard F Wagner
<p>Reconstruction of defects of the lower lip can be very challenging. The aim of this review is to analyze the unique characteristics of lower lip anatomy and provide a systematic approach for lower lip reconstruction. A review of current literature was performed using the PubMed database. Articles analyzing the anatomic and histologic characteristics of the lower lip, mechanics of local faps, and different lower lip recon-struction techniques were included. Articles focused on lower lip reconstruction with free faps were excluded...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240856/combining-topical-psoriasis-treatment-to-enhance-systemic-and-phototherapy-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Jerry Bagel, Linda Stein Gold
<p>Psoriasis is a chronic infammatory skin disease that affects millions of people in the United States as well as worldwide. While there is cur-rently no cure for psoriasis, many treatment options are available. Topical therapies are the mainstay for the majority of patients who have limited or mild psoriasis. Among these medications, topical vitamin D analogs (eg, calcipotriene) and corticosteroids (eg, betamethasone), and these drugs in combination, are the most widely prescribed psoriasis drugs and are the cornerstone of topical therapies...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240793/dental-implants-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-patients-a-systematic-review
#7
Daniel Almeida, Katia Vianna, Patrícia Arriaga, Vittorio Moraschini
OBJECTIVES: The Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects salivation and consequently the health of oral tissues. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the implant survival rate, marginal bone loss (MBL) and biological complications of dental implants in SS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligibility criteria included prospective and retrospective cohort studies, controlled clinical trials, and randomized clinical trials (RCTs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240770/emergence-of-melioidosis-in-the-indian-ocean-region-two-new-cases-and-a-literature-review
#8
Nicolas Allou, Olivier Martinet, Jérôme Allyn, Bruno Bouchet, Marie-Christine Jaffar-Bandjee, Thomas Galas, Nicolas Traversier, Olivier Belmonte
Melioidosis is a disease caused by bacteria called B. pseudomallei. Infections can develop after contact with standing water. This disease can reach all the organs and especially the lungs. It is associated with a high mortality rate (up to 50%). Melioidosis is endemic in northern Australia and in Southeast Asia. Nevertheless, B. pseudomallei may be endemic in the Indian Ocean region and in Madagascar in particular, so clinicians and microbiologists should consider acute melioidosis as a differential diagnosis in the Indian Ocean region, in particular from Madagascar...
December 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240742/paediatric-testicular-tumours-in-a-new-zealand-centre
#9
Timothy Little, Shareena Lala, Vipul Upadhyay
AIM: This is a 12-year, single-centre retrospective review of paediatric testicular tumours and review of the world literature on paediatric testicular tumours. The aim was to identify presenting features, the range of pathology and management of such tumours in comparison with other published series. METHODS: The hospital's pathology database was searched for all testicular and paratesticular tissue submitted for patients younger than 16 years of age during the 12-year study period January 2000 to December 2011, and patients with testicular tumours identified...
December 15, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240739/office-design-and-health-a-systematic-review
#10
Ann Richardson, John Potter, Margaret Paterson, Thomas Harding, Gaye Tyler-Merrick, Ray Kirk, Kate Reid, Jane McChesney
AIM: To carry out a systematic review of recent research into the effects of workplace design, comparing individual with shared workspaces, on the health of employees. METHODS: The research question was "Does workplace design (specifically individual offices compared with shared workspaces) affect the health of workers?" A literature search limited to articles published between 2000 and 2017 was undertaken. A systematic review was carried out, and the findings of the reviewed studies grouped into themes according to the primary outcomes measured in the studies...
December 15, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240707/molecular-mechanisms-of-zinc-oxide-nanoparticle-induced-genotoxicity-short-running-title-genotoxicity-of-zno-nps
#11
REVIEW
Agmal Scherzad, Till Meyer, Norbert Kleinsasser, Stephan Hackenberg
BACKGROUND: Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are among the most frequently applied nanomaterials in consumer products. Evidence exists regarding the cytotoxic effects of ZnO NPs in mammalian cells; however, knowledge about the potential genotoxicity of ZnO NPs is rare, and results presented in the current literature are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to summarize the existing data regarding the DNA damage that ZnO NPs induce, and focus on the possible molecular mechanisms underlying genotoxic events...
December 14, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240611/clinical-and-molecular-characterization-of-the-first-familial-report-of-1p32-microdeletion
#12
Schaida Schirwani, Kath Smith, Meena Balasubramanian
Structural rearrangements of chromosome band 1p31p32 are rare, and their phenotypic consequences remain poorly delineated. Up to 12 patients with learning difficulties, developmental delay, multiple congenital anomalies and microdeletion of the chromosome band 1p31p32 have been described. Inheritance of this deletion has not been reported previously. We describe the inheritance of the 1p32 deletion and discuss the relevance of this deletion to the described phenotype. The differences in clinical and molecular characteristics between the proband and other published reports are reviewed...
December 13, 2017: Clinical Dysmorphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240610/first-case-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-a-child-with-del-1p36-and-dup-xp22-review-of-the-literature
#13
Valerio Nobili, Antonella Mosca, Paola Francalanci, Digilio Maria Cristina, Bruno Dallapiccola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Clinical Dysmorphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240526/wells-syndrome-secondary-to-influenza-vaccination-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Tyler Safran, Marina Masckauchan, Jakub Maj, Lawrence Green
Vaccinations have been shown repeatedly to be extremely safe with low incidence of complications. Given the rarity, these adverse events, they must be reported and examined cautiously. This case report illustrates the first case of an adult presenting with Wells syndrome that developed soon after vaccination with the thiomersal, a common preservative, containing influenza vaccine. Wells syndrome, also known as eosinophilic cellulitis, is an uncommon dermatologic condition of unknown etiology. Lesions in patients with Wells syndrome (eosinophilic cellulitis) progress over a few days to become large indurated plaques with associated edema and erythema...
December 14, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240524/professionals-learning-together-with-patients-an-exploratory-study-of-a-collaborative-learning-fellowship-programme-for-healthcare-improvement
#15
Rowan Myron, Catherine French, Paul Sullivan, Ganesh Sathyamoorthy, James Barlow, Linda Pomeroy
Improving the quality of healthcare involves collaboration between many different stakeholders. Collaborative learning theory suggests that teaching different professional groups alongside each other may enable them to develop skills in how to collaborate effectively, but there is little literature on how this works in practice. Further, though it is recognised that patients play a fundamental role in quality improvement, there are few examples of where they learn together with professionals. To contribute to addressing this gap, we review a collaborative fellowship in Northwest London, designed to build capacity to improve healthcare, which enabled patients and professionals to learn together...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240479/nursing-and-the-barriers-to-sustainable-health-care-a-literature-review
#16
Chloe Griggs, Ana Fernandez, Margie Callanan
OBJECTIVES: global warming poses a serious threat to human health, yet healthcare organisations and staff have been relatively slow to engage with sustainable healthcare practices. This review of the literature seeks to frame what is already known about nurses and their views on global warming and sustainable health care. DESIGN: 11 primary research articles were sourced from a search of five mainstream databases. These articles were subject to a basic thematic analysis...
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240360/decision-making-in-prostate-cancer-%C3%A2-choosing-active-surveillance-over-other-treatment-options-a-literature-review
#17
David R Bayliss, Jed Duff, Philip Stricker, Kim Walker
A literature review was done using the Cognitive-Social Health Information Processing (C-SHIP) framework to identify how and why men diagnosed with prostate cancer choose active surveillance over other treatment options. Findings indicated men who choose active surveillance have a stronger preference for active or collaborative decision-making than those who choose other treatments. Men primarily choose active surveillance to avoid the side effects of incontinence and erectile dysfunction. This literature review informed the study by Bayliss, Duff, Strieker, and Walker (2016) and found physician recommendation to be the most influential factor when patients make a treatment decision...
January 2017: Urologic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240091/hyperspectral-image-compression-approaches-opportunities-challenges-and-future-directions-discussion
#18
Rui Dusselaar, Manoranjan Paul
This paper establishes a review of the recent study in the field of hyperspectral (HS) image compression approaches. Recently, image compression techniques have achieved significant advances from diverse types of coding standards/approaches. HS image compression requires an unconventional coding technique because of its unique, multiple-dimensional structure. The data redundancy exists in both inter-band and intra-band methods. The survey summarizes current literature in inter- and intra-band compression methods...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240075/a-systematic-analysis-of-online-marketing-materials-used-by-providers-of-expanded-carrier-screening
#19
Davit Chokoshvili, Pascal Borry, Danya F Vears
PurposeExpanded carrier screening (ECS) for a large number of recessive disorders is available to prospective parents through commercial providers. This study aimed to analyze the content of marketing materials on ECS providers' websites.MethodsTo identify providers of ECS tests, we undertook a comprehensive online search, reviewed recent academic literature on commercial carrier screening, and consulted with colleagues familiar with the current ECS landscape. The identified websites were archived in April 2017, and inductive content analysis was performed on website text, brochures and educational materials, and video transcripts...
December 14, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240072/-varicose-veins-of-small-pelvis-as-a-cause-of-vulvar-varicosity-and-varicose-veins-of-lower-extremities
#20
REVIEW
S G Gavrilov, M D Temirbolatov
The article is a literature review presenting modern data on applied anatomy of the pelvic veins, diagnosis and treatment of pelvic varicose veins, pelviperineal reflux and vulvar varicosity, lower limb varicose veins, which were caused by pathological reflux from varicose pelvic veins. Presented is the information on tactical approaches in treatment of combined varicose veins of the pelvis and lower limbs, surgical decision-making for correction of pelviperineal reflux, methods of operative and phlebosclerosing interventions on pelvic and superficial veins of the perineum and lower limbs...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
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