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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099692/a-hospital-based-study-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy
#1
Sandhya Jain, Khushboo Varshney, Neelam B Vaid, Kiran Guleria, Keya Vaid, Neha Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and types of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, factors linked with IPV, and effects of IPV on maternal-fetal outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India, 400 women at 20-28 weeks of pregnancy were screened for IPV between December 2013 and April 2015. The women completed a detailed questionnaire and were followed up until delivery. RESULTS: Overall, 49 (12...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095732/an-online-survey-of-tobacco-smoking-cessation-associated-with-naturalistic-psychedelic-use
#2
Matthew W Johnson, Albert Garcia-Romeu, Patrick S Johnson, Roland R Griffiths
Data suggest psychedelics such as psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) may hold therapeutic potential in the treatment of addictions, including tobacco dependence. This retrospective cross-sectional anonymous online survey characterized 358 individuals (52 females) who reported having quit or reduced smoking after ingesting a psychedelic in a non-laboratory setting ⩾1 year ago. On average, participants smoked 14 cigarettes/day for 8 years, and had five previous quit attempts before their psychedelic experience...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068404/problematic-social-media-use-results-from-a-large-scale-nationally-representative-adolescent-sample
#3
Fanni Bányai, Ágnes Zsila, Orsolya Király, Aniko Maraz, Zsuzsanna Elekes, Mark D Griffiths, Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Zsolt Demetrovics
Despite social media use being one of the most popular activities among adolescents, prevalence estimates among teenage samples of social media (problematic) use are lacking in the field. The present study surveyed a nationally representative Hungarian sample comprising 5,961 adolescents as part of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD). Using the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS) and based on latent profile analysis, 4.5% of the adolescents belonged to the at-risk group, and reported low self-esteem, high level of depression symptoms, and elevated social media use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067938/health-status-of-homeless-persons-a-pilot-study-in-the-padua-municipal-dorm
#4
S Levorato, G Bocci, G Troiano, G Messina, N Nante
OBJECTIVES: Homeless persons can be considered a vulnerable group and several studies showed in this group an higher prevalence of chronic and infectious diseases, a lower mental health status, and a higher abuse of alcohol. The aim of our study was to investigate the health status of homeless in Padua, Italy, administering a questionnaire composed by SF-36 and EQ-5D. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study from 15 December 2015 to 15 February 2016. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We enrolled in our study 73 homeless persons welcomed in the municipal dorm of Padua...
January 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065792/the-analgesic-effects-of-oxytocin-in-the-peripheral-and-central-nervous-system
#5
Qing Xin, Bo Bai, Wenyan Liu
Pain is a ubiquitously unpleasant feeling among humans as well as many animal species often caused by actual and potential tissue damage. However, it is absolutely crucial for our survival in many ways. Acute pain can signal the presence of danger or life-threatenting events, which help escape noxious stimuli. By contrast, when pain becomes chronic or persistent, it becomes an encumbrance and exerts deleterious effects to the body and mind, often co-occured with anxiety and depression. Additionaly, chronic pain is more or less an economic burden for the patients because it requires immediate medical treatments and seriously hinders pepople in their work...
January 5, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049461/mental-distress-following-inpatient-substance-use-treatment-modified-by-substance-use-comparing-voluntary-and-compulsory-admissions
#6
Adrian R Pasareanu, John-Kåre Vederhus, Anne Opsal, Øistein Kristensen, Thomas Clausen
BACKGROUND: Treatment services to patients with substance use disorders (SUDs), including those mandated to treatment, needs to be evaluated and evidence based. The Norwegian Municipal Health Care Act (NMHCA) calls for compulsory treatment for persons with "severe and life-threatening substance use disorder" if these individuals are not otherwise willing to be voluntarily treated and consequently risk their lives over drug use. Mental distress is known to be high among SUD patients admitted to inpatient treatment...
January 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028687/internet-gamblers-differ-on-social-variables-a-latent-class-analysis
#7
Yasser Khazaal, Anne Chatton, Sophia Achab, Gregoire Monney, Gabriel Thorens, Magali Dufour, Daniele Zullino, Stephane Rothen
Online gambling has gained popularity in the last decade, leading to an important shift in how consumers engage in gambling and in the factors related to problem gambling and prevention. Indebtedness and loneliness have previously been associated with problem gambling. The current study aimed to characterize online gamblers in relation to indebtedness, loneliness, and several in-game social behaviors. The data set was obtained from 584 Internet gamblers recruited online through gambling websites and forums...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028518/study-of-the-effects-of-controlled-morphine-administration-for-treatment-of-anxiety-depression-and-cognition-impairment-in-morphine-addicted-rats
#8
Majid Motaghinejad, Sulail Fatima, Sanaz Banifazl, Mohammad Yasan Bangash, Morteza Karimian
BACKGROUND: Morphine dependency usually results in undesired outcomes such as anxiety, depression, and cognitive alterations. In this study, morphine was used to manage morphine dependence-induced anxiety, depression, and learning and memory disturbances. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty rats were divided equally into five groups. Group 1 received saline for 21 days. Groups 2-5 were dependent by increasing administration of morphine (15-45 mg/kg) for 7 days. For the next 14 days, morphine was administered as the following regimen: Group 2: once daily; 45 mg/kg (positive controls), Group 3: the same dose with an increasing interval (6 h longer than the previous intervals each time), Group 4: the same dose with an irregular intervals (12, 24, 36 h intervals interchangeably), and Group 5: decreasing doses once daily (every time 2...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027952/internet-addiction-in-adolescence-neurobiological-psychosocial-and-clinical-issues
#9
REVIEW
L Cerniglia, F Zoratto, S Cimino, G Laviola, M Ammaniti, W Adriani
Despite it has not been formally included in DSM-5 as a disorder, 'Internet addiction (IA)' has become a worldwide issue. It can be broadly defined as a non-chemical, behavioral addiction, which involves human-machine interaction. We pinpoint it as an "instrumental" form of social interaction (i.e. mediated by machines), a notion that appears useful for the sake of possible preclinical modeling. The features of Internet use reveals as addictive when this comes at the expense of genuine real-life sociability, with an overlap towards the hikikomori phenomenon (i...
December 24, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026980/addiction-related-stigma-and-discrimination-a-qualitative-study-in-treatment-centers-in-mexico-city
#10
Jazmín Mora-Ríos, Miriam Ortega-Ortega, Maria Elena Medina-Mora
: Social rejection of drug use is greater than that directed at other psychiatric conditions, like depression and anxiety, which may lead to social exclusion of substance users and prevent them from seeking and receiving treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the stigma and discrimination related to addiction in treatment centers in Mexico City. METHODS: Data are from a broad mixed methods study. The present study is a qualitative analysis of 35 in-depth interviews of drug users, family members, and providers, using guidelines for the exploration of experiences of stigma and discrimination related to substance abuse...
December 27, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025362/development-and-preliminary-evaluation-of-an-integrated-cognitive-behavior-treatment-for-chronic-pain-and-substance-use-disorder-in-patients-with-the-hepatitis-c-virus
#11
Benjamin J Morasco, David W Greaves, Travis I Lovejoy, Dennis C Turk, Steven K Dobscha, Peter Hauser
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) have high rates of both chronic pain and substance use disorder (SUD). Despite high comorbidity, there are limited data available on effective methods of treatment for co-occurring chronic pain and SUD. In this study, we sought to develop and conduct preliminary testing of an integrated cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for chronic pain and SUD in patients with HCV. DESIGN: Descriptive, including pretreatment, posttreatment, and follow-up testing...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024303/depression-in-women-with-recurrent-miscarriages-an-exploratory-study
#12
Ariel Cesar de Carvalho, Michele Eugênio da Silva, Bárbara Magueta Matos, Cassio Machado de Campos Bottino, Anelise Riedel Abrahão, Frederico Molina Cohrs, Sara Mota Borges Bottino
Objective To assess depression, domestic violence and the use of substances in women with recurrent miscarriages. Methods The Abuse Assessment Screen (AAS), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) were used to assess violence, depression and the use of substances among women with recurrent miscarriages. The population corresponded to patients receiving prenatal care from June to August 2014. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the multivariable relationship between depression and sociodemographic, psychosocial and medical characteristics (p < 0,10)...
December 26, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019026/psychedelics-as-medicines-an-emerging-new-paradigm
#13
D E Nichols, M W Johnson, C D Nichols
Scientific interest in serotonergic psychedelics (e.g., psilocybin and LSD; 5-HT2A receptor agonists) has dramatically increased within the last decade. Clinical studies administering psychedelics with psychotherapy have shown preliminary evidence of robust efficacy in treating anxiety and depression, as well as addiction to tobacco and alcohol. Moreover, recent research has suggested that these compounds have potential efficacy against inflammatory diseases through novel mechanisms, with potential advantages over existing antiinflammatory agents...
November 4, 2016: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017909/validation-of-the-night-eating-diagnostic-questionnaire-nedq-and-its-relationship-with-depression-sleep-quality-food-addiction-and-body-mass-index
#14
Laurence J Nolan, Allan Geliebter
Night eating syndrome (NES) is commonly assessed using the Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ), a validated scale of symptom severity, which does not assess all diagnostic criteria. The Night Eating Diagnostic Questionnaire (NEDQ) assesses all diagnostic criteria, but has not been fully validated. The study purpose was to establish convergent validity for the NEDQ with the NEQ. It was also expected that higher NEDQ scores would be associated with elevated depression, poorer sleep quality, "food addiction," and BMI as in other studies of NES...
December 23, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000031/paradoxical-antidepressant-effects-of-alcohol-are-related-to-acid-sphingomyelinase-and-its-control-of-sphingolipid-homeostasis
#15
Christian P Müller, Liubov S Kalinichenko, Jens Tiesel, Matthias Witt, Thomas Stöckl, Eva Sprenger, Jens Fuchser, Janine Beckmann, Marc Praetner, Sabine E Huber, Davide Amato, Christiane Mühle, Christian Büttner, Arif B Ekici, Irena Smaga, Lucyna Pomierny-Chamiolo, Bartosz Pomierny, Malgorzata Filip, Volker Eulenburg, Erich Gulbins, Anbarasu Lourdusamy, Martin Reichel, Johannes Kornhuber
Alcohol is a widely consumed drug that can lead to addiction and severe brain damage. However, alcohol is also used as self-medication for psychiatric problems, such as depression, frequently resulting in depression-alcoholism comorbidity. Here, we identify the first molecular mechanism for alcohol use with the goal to self-medicate and ameliorate the behavioral symptoms of a genetically induced innate depression. An induced over-expression of acid sphingomyelinase (ASM), as was observed in depressed patients, enhanced the consumption of alcohol in a mouse model of depression...
December 20, 2016: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997065/depression-and-severity-of-substance-dependence-among-heroin-dependent-patients-with-adhd-symptoms
#16
Yin-To Liao, Chi-Yen Chen, Mei-Hing Ng, Kuo-You Huang, Wen-Chuan Shao, Tsang-Yaw Lin, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Michael Gossop
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are highly prevalent among heroin-dependent patients. We aim to investigate differences in dependence severity, depression, and quality of life between heroin-dependent patients with and without ADHD-screened positive. METHODS: Heroin-dependent participants (n = 447) entering methadone maintenance treatment were divided into ADHD-screened positive (ADHD-P) and ADHD-screened negative (ADHD-N) groups according to scores of Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS)...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993344/personalized-psychotherapy-for-adult-depression-a-meta-analytic-review
#17
Pim Cuijpers, David D Ebert, Ceren Acarturk, Gerhard Andersson, Ioana A Cristea
Personalized medicine is aimed at identifying which characteristics of an individual predict the outcome of a specific treatment, in order to get a better match between the individual and the treatment received. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing two psychotherapies directly in a group of depressed patients with a specific characteristic. We focused on the six most examined types of psychotherapy for adult depression. Our searches resulted in 41 studies with 2,741 patients who met inclusion criteria...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979792/the-mobile-phone-affinity-scale-enhancement-and-refinement
#18
Beth C Bock, Ryan Lantini, Herpreet Thind, Kristen Walaska, Rochelle K Rosen, Joseph L Fava, Nancy P Barnett, Lori Aj Scott-Sheldon
BACKGROUND: Existing instruments that assess individuals' relationships with mobile phones tend to focus on negative constructs such as addiction or dependence, and appear to assume that high mobile phone use reflects pathology. Mobile phones can be beneficial for health behavior change, disease management, work productivity, and social connections, so there is a need for an instrument that provides a more balanced assessment of the various aspects of individuals' relationships with mobile phones...
December 15, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979642/severe-carisoprodol-withdrawal-after-a-14-year-addiction-and-acute-overdose
#19
Kathy T Vo, Howard Horng, Craig G Smollin, Neal L Benowitz
BACKGROUND: Carisoprodol, a centrally acting muscle relaxant with a high abuse potential, has barbiturate-like properties at the GABA-A receptor, leading to central nervous system depression and desired effects. Its tolerance and dependence has been previously demonstrated in an animal model, and withdrawal has been described in several recent case reports. Many cases can be effectively managed with a short course of benzodiazepines or antipsychotic agents. However, abrupt cessation in a patient with a history of long-term and high-dose carisoprodol abuse may result in symptoms that are more difficult for providers to treat...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977620/changes-of-quality-of-life-and-cognitive-function-in-individuals-with-internet-gaming-disorder-a-6-month-follow-up
#20
Jae-A Lim, Jun-Young Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Bo Kyung Sohn, Sam-Wook Choi, Yeon Jin Kim, Dai-Jin Kim, Jung-Seok Choi
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) contributes to poor quality of life (QOL) and cognitive dysfunction and is increasingly recognized as a social problem in various countries. However, no evidence exists to determine whether QOL and cognitive dysfunction stabilize after appropriate management. The present study addressed improvement in QOL and cognitive functioning associated with changes in addiction symptoms following outpatient management for IGD. A total of 84 young males (IGD group: N = 44, mean age: 19...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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