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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#1
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103632/global-health-and-emergency-care-defining-clinical-research-priorities
#2
Bhakti Hansoti, Adam R Aluisio, Meagan A Barry, Kevin Davey, Brian A Lentz, Payal Modi, Jennifer A Newberry, Melissa H Patel, Tricia A Smith, Alexandra M Vinograd, Adam C Levine
OBJECTIVES: Despite recent strides in the development of Global Emergency Medicine (EM), the field continues to lag in applying a scientific approach to identifying critical knowledge gaps and advancing evidence-based solutions to clinical and public health problems seen in emergency departments worldwide. Here, progress on the Global EM research agenda created at the 2013 Academic Emergency Medicine Global Health and Emergency Care Consensus Conference is evaluated and critical areas for future development in emergency care research internationally are identified...
January 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103581/diagnostic-and-prognostic-utilities-of-humoral-fibulin-3-in-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-evidence-from-a-meta-analysis
#3
Dongxu Pei, Yongwei Li, Xinwei Liu, Sha Yan, Xiaolan Guo, Xiaona Xu, Xiaoxia Guo
Fibulin-3 has emerged as a promising novel biomarker in conforming or monitoring malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). This study sought to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic efficacies of humoral fibulin-3 for MPM. Seven eligible publications comprising 468 MPM cases for diagnosis, and 138 for prognosis were identified. Results manifested that humoral fibulin-3 sustained a pooled sensitivity of 0.62 (95% CI: 0.45-0.77) and specificity of 0.82 (95% CI: 0.73-0.89) in discriminating MPM patients from cancer-free individuals, corresponding to an AUC (area under the curve) of 0...
January 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103536/evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-use-of-tracheostomy-in-critically-ill-patients
#4
Néstor Raimondi, Macarena R Vial, José Calleja, Agamenón Quintero, Albán Cortés, Edgar Celis, Clara Pacheco, Sebastián Ugarte, José M Añón, Gonzalo Hernández, Erick Vidal, Guillermo Chiappero, Fernando Ríos, Fernando Castilleja, Alfredo Matos, Enith Rodriguez, Paulo Antoniazzi, José Mario Teles, Carmelo Dueñas, Jorge Sinclair, Lorenzo Martínez, Ingrid von der Osten, José Vergara, Edgar Jiménez, Max Arroyo, Camilo Rodríguez, Javier Torres, Sebastián Fernandez-Bussy, Joseph L Nates
OBJECTIVES: To provide evidence-based guidelines for tracheostomy in critically ill adult patients and identify areas needing further research. METHODS: A taskforce composed of representatives of 10 member countries of the Pan-American and Iberic Federation of Societies of Critical and Intensive Therapy Medicine and of the Latin American Critical Care Trial Investigators Network developed recommendations based on the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103467/-investigation-of-genetic-etiology-in-neurodegenerative-dementias-recommendations-from-the-centro-hospitalar-s%C3%A3-o-jo%C3%A3-o-neurogenetics-group
#5
João Massano, Miguel Leão, Carolina Garrett
In the past few years several gene mutations have been identified as causative of the most frequent neurodegenerative dementias (Alzheimer disease and frontotemporal dementia). These advances, along with the complex phenotype-genotype relationships and the costs associated with genetic testing, have often made it difficult for clinicians to decide with regard to a rational plan for the investigation of the genetic etiology of the degenerative dementias. The Centro Hospitalar São João Neurogenetics Group, a multidisciplinary team of Neurologists and Geneticists with special interest in neurogenetic disorders, devised consensus recommendations for the investigation of the genetic etiology of Alzheimer disease and frontotemporal dementia in clinical practice, based on international consensus documents (currently containing partly outdated information) and published scientific evidence on this topic...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103461/-hashimoto-thyroiditis-and-periodontal-disease-a-narrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Ana Morais, Marta Resende, José Pereira
INTRODUCTION: Currently there is a growing interest in studying systemic conditions with impact on the periodontium. The aim of this article is to determinate if there is a relation between Hashimoto's thyroiditis and periodontal disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Founded on periodontology based on evidence and in the combination of the keywords: 'Hashimoto disease'; 'Hypothyroidism'; 'Periodontal disease'; 'Systemic Diseases'; a search and evaluation of articles was conducted in Medline, Scopus and Thomson Reuters databases, selecting 30 articles for integral analysis...
October 31, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103388/climbazole-boosts-activity-of-retinoids-in-skin
#7
Jean Adamus, Li Feng, Stacy Hawkins, Kristopher Kalleberg, Jian-Ming Lee
OBJECTIVE: To explore if climbazole enhances retinoid-associated biological activities in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Primary human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) were treated from six to 48 hours with either retinoids (retinol, retinyl propionate, retinyl palmitate) alone or in combination with climbazole, then assessed for cellular retinoic acid-binding protein 2 (CRABP2) mRNA expression by RT-qPCR. Next, skin equivalent (SE) cultures were topically treated with a retinol or retinyl propionate, and with or without climbazole, then measured for biological changes in retinoid biomarkers...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103387/self-administered-health-literacy-instruments-for-people-with-diabetes-systematic-review-of-measurement-properties
#8
REVIEW
Eun-Hyun Lee, Chun-Ja Kim, Jiyeon Lee, Seung Hei Moon
AIMS: The aims of this study were to identify all available self-administered instruments measuring health literacy in people with diabetes and to determine the current instrument that is the most appropriate for applying to this population in both practice and research. DESIGN: A systematic review of measurement properties. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL electronic databases from their inception up to 28 March 28 2016. REVIEW METHOD: The methodological quality of each included study was assessed using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments checklist...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103266/adherence-to-prophylaxis-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-severe-haemophilia-a-quantitative-study-with-patients
#9
Sandra B van Os, Nick A Troop, Keith R Sullivan, Daniel P Hart
INTRODUCTION: haemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency in one of the blood coagulation factors. For people affected by severe haemophilia, the deficiency can cause spontaneous internal bleeding. Most young people with severe haemophilia in the UK follow a preventative treatment regimen (prophylaxis) consisting of several intravenous injections of factor concentrate each week. There is good evidence that prophylaxis reduces bleeds whilst also improving quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103252/comparative-and-evolutionary-analysis-of-grass-pollen-allergens-using-brachypodium-distachyon-as-a-model-system
#10
Akanksha Sharma, Niharika Sharma, Prem Bhalla, Mohan Singh
Comparative genomics have facilitated the mining of biological information from a genome sequence, through the detection of similarities and differences with genomes of closely or more distantly related species. By using such comparative approaches, knowledge can be transferred from the model to non-model organisms and insights can be gained in the structural and evolutionary patterns of specific genes. In the absence of sequenced genomes for allergenic grasses, this study was aimed at understanding the structure, organisation and expression profiles of grass pollen allergens using the genomic data from Brachypodium distachyon as it is phylogenetically related to the allergenic grasses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103214/association-between-the-real-cost-media-campaign-and-smoking-initiation-among-youths-united-states-2014-2016
#11
Matthew C Farrelly, Jennifer C Duke, James Nonnemaker, Anna J MacMonegle, Tesfa N Alexander, Xiaoquan Zhao, Janine C Delahanty, Pamela Rao, Jane A Allen
In the United States, approximately 900,000 youths smoke their first cigarette each year (1). Health communication interventions are evidence-based strategies for preventing the initiation of tobacco use, promoting and facilitating cessation, and changing beliefs and attitudes about tobacco use (2,3). This report describes the association between the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) first national tobacco public education campaign, The Real Cost, and rates of smoking initiation among youths in the United States from 2014 to 2016...
January 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103179/theory-based-formative-research-on-an-anti-cyberbullying-victimization-intervention-message
#12
Matthew W Savage, Douglas M Deiss, Anthony J Roberto, Elias Aboujaoude
Cyberbullying is a common byproduct of the digital revolution with serious consequences to victims. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of empirically based methods to confront it. This study used social cognitive theory to design and test an intervention message aimed at persuading college students to abstain from retaliation, seek social support, save evidence, and notify authorities-important victim responses identified and recommended in previous research. Using a posttest-only control group design, this study tested the effectiveness of an intervention message in changing college students' perceived susceptibility to and perceived severity of cyberbullying as well as their self-efficacy, response efficacy, attitudes, and behavioral intentions toward each recommended response in future episodes of cyberbullying...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103161/nurses-practice-in-preventing-postoperative-wound-infections-an-observational-study
#13
S Ding, F Lin, A P Marshall, B M Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are serious postoperative complications that may lead to undesired patient outcomes. Previous research has used survey and chart audit methods to describe wound care practices. However, little research has been published using contemporaneous observations to describe the surgical wound management practices of nurses. The aim of this study was to prospectively describe surgical nurses' postoperative wound care practices and the extent to which observed surgical wound practices aligned with evidence-based guideline recommendations...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103147/effectiveness-of-a-video-based-aging-services-technology-education-program-for-health-care-professionals
#14
Alyssa Weakley, Joyce W Tam, Catherine Van Son, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe
Health care professionals (HCPs) are a critical source of recommendations for older adults. Aging services technologies (ASTs), which include devices to support the health-care needs of older adults, are underutilized despite evidence for improving functional outcomes and safety and reducing caregiver burden and health costs. This study evaluated a video-based educational program aimed at improving HCP awareness of ASTs. Sixty-five HCPs viewed AST videos related to medication management, daily living, and memory...
January 19, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103072/community-health-records-establishing-a-systematic-approach-to-improving-social-and-physical-determinants-of-health
#15
Deryk Van Brunt
To systematically improve population health in the United States, community health records (CHRs) must be defined, developed, and implemented. Like electronic and personal health records, CHRs have both unique and overlapping information. CHRs contain data about communities, including the social, physical, and lifestyle determinants of health. These records will serve to complement electronic and personal health records to provide a more complete view of population health, allowing stakeholders to target community health and quality-of-life interventions in a data-driven and evidence-based manner, establishing the basis from which organizations can develop a systematic approach to improving community health...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103066/practice-based-evidence-in-community-guide-systematic-reviews
#16
Namita Vaidya, Anilkrishna B Thota, Krista K Proia, Sara Jamieson, Shawna L Mercer, Randy W Elder, Paula Yoon, Rachel Kaufmann, Stephanie Zaza
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relative contributions and quality of practice-based evidence (PBE) and research-based evidence (RBE) in The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). METHODS: We developed operational definitions for PBE and RBE in which the main distinguishing feature was whether allocation of participants to intervention and comparison conditions was under the control of researchers (RBE) or not (PBE). We conceptualized a continuum between RBE and PBE...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102993/status-report-the-public-health-and-planning-101-project-strengthening-collaborations-between-the-public-health-and-planning-professions
#17
A Mahendra, T Vo, C Einstoss, J Weppler, P Gillen, L Ryan, K Haley
INTRODUCTION: Land use planning is a complex field comprised of legislation, policies, processes and tools. A growing body of evidence supports the relationship between land use planning decisions, community design and health. The built environment has been shown to be associated with physical inactivity, obesity, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and mental illness. Consequently, there is a growing interest within public health to work with planners on land use planning initiatives such as official plans and transportation master plans...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102971/how-is-physical-activity-measured-in-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-outcome-measures-and-their-psychometric-properties
#18
REVIEW
Lara Edbrooke, Linda Denehy, Selina M Parry, Ronan Astin, Sandy Jack, Catherine L Granger
Physical activity (PA) levels are low in patients with lung cancer. Emerging evidence supports the use of interventions to increase PA in this population. We aimed to (1) identify and synthesize outcome measures which assess PA levels in patients with lung cancer and (2) to evaluate, synthesize and compare the psychometric properties of these measures. A systematic review of articles from searches was conducted of five electronic databases and personal records. Eligible studies were those which assessed PA using either performance-based or patient-reported measures...
February 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102937/re-implementation-of-an-evidence-based-acute-tonsillitis-protocol-our-experience-in-one-hundred-and-twenty-six-patients
#19
Guled M Jama, Mahmoud Nosseir, Julian Danino, James Barraclough
The 'Portsmouth Tonsillitis Protocol' by Bird et al. (October 2013 issue)([1]) provides the first published treatment algorithm for use in patients with acute tonsillitis presenting to secondary care. Following introduction of the protocol at their centre the authors demonstrate an improved delivery of tonsillitis treatment as well as a reduction in hospital admission rates and inpatient services leading to significant cost savings. The financial implications are particularly relevant to health services facing economic pressures...
January 19, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102916/internet-based-learning-program-to-increase-nurses-knowledge-level-about-venous-leg-ulcer-care-in-home-healthcare
#20
Minna Ylönen, Jaakko Viljamaa, Hannu Isoaho, Kristiina Junttila, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Riitta Suhonen
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of an internet-based education program about venous leg ulcer nursing care (eVLU) on perceived and theoretical knowledge levels and attitudes among nurses working in home healthcare. BACKGROUND: Nurses have been shown to have knowledge gaps in venous leg ulcer (VLU) nursing care. Internet-based learning could offer a means for flexible continuing education for home healthcare environment. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study with pre- and post-measurements and nonequivalent intervention and comparison groups...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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