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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332211/testosterone-mediated-upregulation-of-delayed-rectifier-potassium-channel-in-cardiomyocytes-causes-abbreviation-of-qt-intervals-in-rats
#1
Kimiko Masuda, Hiroki Takanari, Masaki Morishima, FangFang Ma, Yan Wang, Naohiko Takahashi, Katsushige Ono
Men have shorter rate-corrected QT intervals (QTc) than women, especially at the period of adolescence or later. The aim of this study was to elucidate the long-term effects of testosterone on cardiac excitability parameters including electrocardiogram (ECG) and potassium channel current. Testosterone shortened QT intervals in ECG in castrated male rats, not immediately after, but on day 2 or later. Expression of Kv7.1 (KCNQ1) mRNA was significantly upregulated by testosterone in cardiomyocytes of male and female rats...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331496/maternal-betaine-supplementation-attenuates-glucocorticoid-induced-hepatic-lipid-accumulation-through-epigenetic-modification-in-adult-offspring-rats
#2
Nannan Zhao, Shu Yang, Yimin Jia, Bo Sun, Bin He, Ruqian Zhao
There are lots of reports about alleviation of NAFLD by dietary supplements of betaine. However, it remains unclear whether maternal betaine supplementation can also ameliorate NAFLD in offspring. Hence, twenty pregnant rats were fed with a basal diet with or without betaine (1%), and then the female offspring rats were raised at 3 months of age followed by 3 weeks of physiological saline or dexamethasone in a dose of 0.1 mg/kg body mass every day via intraperitoneal injection. In this study, maternal betaine supplementation significantly (P<...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331023/temozolomide-analog-pmx-465-downregulates-mgmt-expression-in-hct116-colorectal-carcinoma-cells
#3
Zhikuan Yang, Danping Wei, Feifei Liu, Jing Liu, Xiaoming Wu, Malcolm F G Stevens, Tracey D Bradshaw, Ying Luo, Jihong Zhang
The efficacy of temozolomide (TMZ) treatment for cancers is currently limited by inherent or the development of resistance, particularly, but not exclusively, due to the expression of the DNA repair enzyme O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in a significant proportion of tumors. We have found that TMZ analog C8-methyl imidazole tetrazine (PMX 465) displayed good anticancer activity against the colorectal carcinoma HCT116 cells which are MGMT-overexpressing and mismatch repair (MMR)-deficient. In this study, we found that PMX 465 could downregulate the expression of MGMT in HCT116 cells at the protein and mRNA levels...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329928/cloning-and-characterization-of-%C3%A2-6-%C3%A2-5-fatty-acyl-desaturase-fad-gene-promoter-in-the-marine-teleost-siganus-canaliculatus
#4
Yewei Dong, Jianhong Zhao, Junliang Chen, Shuqi Wang, Yang Liu, Qinghao Zhang, Cuihong You, Óscar Monroig, Douglas R Tocher, Yuanyou Li
The rabbitfish Siganus canaliculatus was the first marine teleost demonstrated to have the ability of biosynthesizing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) from C18 PUFA precursors, and all genes encoding the key enzymes for LC-PUFA biosynthesis have been cloned and functionally characterized, which provides us a potential model to study the regulatory mechanisms of LC-PUFA biosynthesis in teleosts. As the primary step to clarify such mechanisms, present research focused on promoter analysis of gene encoding ∆6/∆5 fatty acyl desaturase (Fad), a rate-limiting enzyme catalyzing the first step in the conversion of C18 PUFA to LC-PUFA...
January 9, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328444/sp1-reduces-autophagic-flux-through-activating-p62-in-gastric-cancer-cells
#5
Xiao-Wu Xu, Chen-Wei Pan, Xiao-Min Yang, Lei Zhou, Zhi-Qiang Zheng, De-Chun Li
Gastric cancer is the most common type of gastrointestinal cancer, causing mortality worldwide. However, the underlying molecular mechanism in gastric cancer progression remains unclear. The autophagic flux was determined in gastric cancer cells overexpressing or inhibiting Sp1 transcription factor (SP1) using western blotting, reverse transcription‑polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence staining. Luciferase and ChIP assays were performed to detect the potential underlying mechanism of SP1 in gastric cancer cells...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328395/bioinformatic-identification-of-chemoresistance-associated-micrornas-in-breast-cancer-based-on-microarray-data
#6
Ya-Wen Wang, Weiguo Zhang, Rong Ma
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among females, and chemoresistance constitutes a major clinical obstacle to the treatment of this disease. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are related to human cancer development, progression and drug resistance. To identify breast cancer chemoresistance-associated miRNAs, miRNA microarray dataset GSE71142, including five chemoresistant breast cancer tissues and five chemosensitive tissues, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Differentially expressed miRNAs (DE-miRNAs) were obtained by t-test and the potential target genes were predicted by miRWalk2...
January 10, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328367/tumorigenic-proteins-upregulated-in-the-mycn-amplified-imr-32-human-neuroblastoma-cells-promote-proliferation-and-migration
#7
Hayat Zaatiti, Jad Abdallah, Zeina Nasr, George Khazen, Anthony Sandler, Tamara J Abou-Antoun
Childhood neuroblastoma is one of the most common types of extra-cranial cancer affecting children with a clinical spectrum ranging from spontaneous regression to malignant and fatal progression. In order to improve the clinical outcomes of children with high-risk neuroblastoma, it is crucial to understand the tumorigenic mechanisms that govern its malignant behaviors. MYCN proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factor (MYCN) amplification has been implicated in the malignant, treatment-evasive nature of aggressive, high-risk neuroblastoma...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322794/integrated-analysis-of-the-rna-seq-data-of-liver-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
H Xue, L Luo, Y T Yao, L L Wei, S P Deng, X L Huang
The present study aimed to explore the genetic changes involved in the liver hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. The RNA-Seq data of 212 HCC tissue samples and 50 normal tissue samples were downloaded using TCGA-Assembler. A total of 4 subgroups were obtained, and 4167, 6279, 5379, and 2548 DEGs were screened in group 1, group 2, group 3, and group 4, respectively. Enrichment analysis found that cell cycle, metabolism, and translation related terms were the most significantly changed functions and pathways...
2018: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311239/induction-of-il-10-by-borrelia-burgdorferi-is-regulated-by-the-action-of-cd14-dependent-p38-mapk-and-camp-mediated-chromatin-remodeling
#9
Bikash Sahay, Kathleen Bashant, Nicole J Nelson, Rebeca L Patsey, Shiva Kumar Gadila, Rebecca Boohaker, Ashutosh Verma, Klemen Strle, Timothy J Sellati
Host genotype influences the severity of murine Lyme borreliosis, caused by the spirochetal bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi C57BL/6 (B6) mice develop mild, whereas C3H/HeN (C3H) mice develop severe Lyme arthritis. Differential expression of interleukin 10 (IL-10) has long been associated with mouse strain differences in Lyme pathogenesis; however, the underlying mechanism(s) of this genotype-specific IL-10 regulation remained elusive. Herein we reveal a cAMP-mediated mechanism of IL-10 regulation in B6 macrophages that is substantially diminished in C3H macrophages...
January 8, 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307803/higher-trna-gene-duplication-in-mitogenomes-of-praying-mantises-dictyoptera-mantodea-and-the-phylogeny-within-mantodea
#10
Zhang Le-Ping, Yu Dan-Na, Kenneth B Storey, Cheng Hong-Yi, Zhang Jia-Yong
We acquired 21 complete mitogenomes and 6 nearly complete mitogenomes of mantises belonging to 8 families (Hymenopodidae, Iridopterygidae, Mantidae, Metallyticidae, Sibyllidae, Tarachodidae, Thespidae, Toxoderidae) using 14 pairs of mantid specific primer sets and found that 5 species of mantises have duplicate copies (2-4) of trnR: Ambivia undata, Creobroter jiangxiensis, Creobroter urbanus, Phyllothelys sp1. and Theopropus elegans while two novel gene arrangements CR-I-NCR-I-NCR-I-NCR-I-NCR-I-NCR*-Q-M and COII-K*-D*-K-D*-K-D*-K-D were found in Schizocephala bicornis and Stenotoxodera porioni, respectively...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305977/functional-analysis-of-a-novel-eng-variant-in-a-patient-with-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-hht-identifies-a-new-sp1-binding-site
#11
Sara Plumitallo, Lidia Ruiz-Llorente, Carmen Langa, Jacopo Morini, Gabriele Babini, Donata Cappelletti, Laura Scelsi, Alessandra Greco, Cesare Danesino, Carmelo Bernabeu, Carla Olivieri
Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare disease, with an autosomal dominant inheritance and a worldwide incidence of about 1: 5000 individuals. In >80% of patients, HHT is caused by mutations in either ENG or ACVRL1, which code for ENDOGLIN and Activin A Receptor Type II-Like Kinase 1 (ALK1), belonging to the TGF-β/BMP signalling pathway. Typical HHT clinical features are mucocutaneous telangiectases, arteriovenous malformations, spontaneous and recurrent epistaxis, as well as gastrointestinal bleedings...
January 3, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301213/lithium-complexes-derived-of-benzylphosphines-synthesis-characterization-and-evaluation-in-the-rop-of-rac-lactide-and-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone
#12
Ernesto Rufino-Felipe, Miguel-Ángel Muñoz-Hernández, Virginia Montiel-Palma
A series of lithium complexes ([Ph₂P(o-C₆H₄-CH₂Li·TMEDA)] (1-Li), [PhP(o-C₆H₄-CH₃)(o-C₆H₄-CH₂Li·TMEDA)] (2-Li), [PhP(o-C₆H₄-CH₂Li·TMEDA)₂] (2-Li₂) and [P(o-C₆H₄-CH₂Li·TMEDA)₃] (3-Li₃)) was prepared from mono-, di- and tri-benzylphosphines and varying amounts of nBuLi and was characterized extensively by IR and ¹H, ⁷Li, 13C and 31P NMR spectroscopy. The molecular structures of complexes 1-Li and 2-Li were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The two complexes have monomeric structures in the solid state comprising seesaw lithium atoms...
December 30, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296860/tak1-inhibition-subverts-the-osteoclastogenic-action-of-trail-while-potentiating-its-antimyeloma-effects
#13
Hirofumi Tenshin, Jumpei Teramachi, Asuka Oda, Ryota Amachi, Masahiro Hiasa, Ariunzaya Bat-Erdene, Keiichiro Watanabe, Masami Iwasa, Takeshi Harada, Shiro Fujii, Kumiko Kagawa, Kimiko Sogabe, Shingen Nakamura, Hirokazu Miki, Kiyoe Kurahashi, Sumiko Yoshida, Kenichi Aihara, Itsuro Endo, Eiji Tanaka, Toshio Matsumoto, Masahiro Abe
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) agonists induce tumor-specific apoptosis indicating that they may be an attractive therapeutic strategy against cancers, including multiple myeloma (MM). Osteoclastogenesis is highly induced in MM, which in turn enhances MM growth, thereby forming a vicious cycle between MM tumor expansion and bone destruction. However, the effects of TRAIL on MM-enhanced osteoclastogenesis remain largely unknown. Here, we show that TRAIL induced apoptosis in MM cells, but not in osteoclasts (OCs), and that it rather facilitated receptor activator of NF-κB ligand-induced osteoclastogenesis along with upregulation of cellular FLICE inhibitory protein (c-FLIP)...
November 14, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295935/estrogen-dependent-epigenetic-regulation-of-soluble-epoxide-hydrolase-via-dna-methylation
#14
Yang-Ming Yang, Dong Sun, Sharath Kandhi, Ghezal Froogh, Jian Zhuge, Weihua Huang, Bruce D Hammock, An Huang
To elucidate molecular mechanisms responsible for the sexually dimorphic phenotype of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) expression, we tested the hypothesis that female-specific down-regulation of sEH expression is driven by estrogen-dependent methylation of the Ephx2 gene. Mesenteric arteries isolated from male, female, ovariectomized female (OV), and OV with estrogen replacement (OVE) mice, as well as the human cell line (HEK293T) were used. Methylation-specific PCR and bisulfite genomic sequencing analysis indicate significant increases in DNA/CG methylation in vessels of female and OVE compared with those of male and OV mice...
January 2, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290968/inhibition-of-ezh2-triggers-the-tumor-suppressive-mir-29b-network-in-multiple-myeloma
#15
Maria Angelica Stamato, Giada Juli, Enrica Romeo, Domenica Ronchetti, Mariamena Arbitrio, Daniele Caracciolo, Antonino Neri, Pierosandro Tagliaferri, Pierfrancesco Tassone, Nicola Amodio
Downregulation of tumor suppressor (TS) microRNAs (miRNAs) commonly occurs in human cancer, including multiple myeloma (MM). We previously demonstrated that miR-29b is a relevant TS miRNA, whose expression in MM cells is inhibited by HDAC4-dependent deacetylation. Here, we provide novel insights into epigenetic mechanisms suppressing miR-29b in MM. In MM patient-derived plasma cells, we found inverse correlation between miR-29b and EZH2 mRNA expression. Both siRNAs and pharmacologic inhibitors of EZH2 led to miR-29b upregulation, and this effect was ascribed to reduced H3K27-trimethylation (H3K27me3) of miR-29a/b-1 promoter regions...
December 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288726/phenylethanolamine-n-methyltransferase-gene-expression-in-pc12-cells-exposed-to-intermittent-hypoxia
#16
Sandhya Khurana, Siyuan Peng, Erika McDonald, William Yates, Krishnan Venkataraman, T C Tai
Epidemiological studies show a strong correlation between Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disorders. OSA patients experience intermittent hypoxia (IH), characterized by brief, but recurring episodes of cessation in breathing. These patients have higher levels of circulating catecholamines and an increased incidence of hypertension; however the mechanisms defining this association are not clearly established. Genetic linkage studies have associated the phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT) gene to the development of hypertension...
December 27, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286167/serum-microrna-panel-excavated-by-machine-learning-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-the-detection-of-gastric-cancer
#17
Yao Huang, Jie Zhu, Wenshuai Li, Ziqiang Zhang, Panpan Xiong, Hong Wang, Jun Zhang
Early detection of gastric cancer (GC) is crucial to improve the therapeutic effect and prolong the survival of patients. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of small non-protein-coding RNAs that function as repressors of diverse genes. We aimed to identify a microRNA panel in the serum of patients to predict GC non-invasively with high accuracy and sensitivity. Using six types of classifiers, we selected three markers (miR‑21-5p, miR-22-3p and miR-29c-3p) from a published miRNA profiling study (GSE23739) which was treated as a training set...
December 19, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277893/dclk1-promotes-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-via-the-pi3k-akt-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-colorectal-cancer
#18
Weiying Liu, Shixing Wang, Qi Sun, Zhen Yang, Min Liu, Hua Tang
Double cortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1) plays important roles during the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in human colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the role of DCLK1 in regulating the EMT of CRC is still poorly understood. In this study, we report evidence that DCLK1 acts as a potent oncogene to drive its extremely malignant character of EMT in an NF-κB-dependent manner in CRC cells. Mechanistic investigations showed that DCLK1 induced the NF-κBp65 subunit expression through the PI3K/Akt/Sp1 axis and activated NF-κBp65 through the PI3K/Akt/IκBα pathway during the EMT of CRC cells...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273682/down-regulation-of-decidual-sp1-and-p300-is-associated-with-severe-preeclampsia
#19
Yachao Zhang, Jieqiong Yang, Shi-Jian Lv, Dong-Qin Zhao, Zi-Jiang Chen, Weiping Li, Cong Zhang
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-induced disorder characterized by hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation, affecting 5-7% of pregnancies worldwide. So far, the etiology of PE remains poorly understood. Abnormal decidualization is thought to contribute to the development of preeclampsia. SP1 belongs to the Sp/KLF super family and can recruit P300 to regulate transcription of several genes. SP1 is also very important for decidualization as it enhances the expression of tissue factor. In this study, we investigated the expression of SP1 and P300 in deciduae and their relationship with PE...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260353/speckle-type-poz-protein-down-regulates-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-expression-via-sp1-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway-in-colorectal-cancer
#20
Shouhua Zhang, Juhua Xiao, Yong Chai, Zhengdong Hong, Zhiqiang Liu, Rongfa Yuan, Zhipeng Luo, Xin Zhou, Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno Iii, Kai Huang
BACKGROUND: Elevated expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is correlated with invasion and metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC). Recently, a previous study has suggested that speckle-type POZ protein (SPOP) could inhibit cancer cell proliferation and migration through down-regulation of MMP2 and MMP7, with a mechanism remaining unknown. AIM: In this study, we, by using both CRC cells and normal colorectal cells, aimed to investigate the causal relationship between SPOP and MMP2, as well as the potential signaling pathways...
December 19, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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