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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533015/in%C3%A2-vitro-comparison-of-the-load-bearing-capacity-of-ceramic-and-metal-ceramic-resin-bonded-fixed-dental-prostheses-in-the-posterior-region
#1
Wolfgang Bömicke, Moritz Waldecker, Johannes Krisam, Peter Rammelsberg, Stefan Rues
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The clinical use of ceramic resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) in the posterior region is desirable for esthetic and biological reasons but has been associated with many technical problems, including fractures or chipping of the veneer. Although these problems may be overcome by using monolithic zirconia, information is lacking about the load-bearing capacity of resin-bonded monolithic zirconia restorations for replacing a molar. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the load-bearing capacity (Fu), the load at initial damage (F1d), and the failure pattern of posterior RBFDPs fabricated from monolithic zirconia (MZr), veneered zirconia (VZr), and veneered cobalt-chromium (VCo)...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533014/esthetic-planning-with-a-digital-tool-a-clinical-report
#2
Adriana V Martins, Rodrigo C Albuquerque, Telmo R Santos, Luiza M Silveira, Rodrigo R Silveira, Guilherme C Silva, Nelson R F A Silva
This clinical report describes digital planning and execution using a novel software tool to enhance digital workflow. The proposed treatment, integrated with the face of the patient, was presented before clinical treatment. The patient was rehabilitated with ceramic veneers. The virtual design contributed to a satisfactory and predictable esthetic outcome.
May 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513977/use-of-high-performance-polymers-as-dental-implant-abutments-and-frameworks-a-case-series-report
#3
Mohammad Al-Rabab'ah, Wala'a Hamadneh, Ismail Alsalem, Ameen Khraisat, Ashraf Abu Karaky
Dental implant abutments can be made of different materials including titanium, gold, zirconia, alumina, and polymeric materials. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a high performance thermoplastic polymer that can be used as a dental implant abutment material. It has an elastic modulus comparable to bone and can reduce stress shielding. PEEK is a radiolucent material that can allow better radiographic imaging of peri-implant tissues and can be veneered with composite materials or bonded to ceramics. PEEK is widely used in orthopedic and spinal surgeries, and it possesses mechanical and biological characteristics that encourage its use as dental implant abutments...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512651/premium-protocol-for-planning-a-periodontal-restorative-approach-conservative-predictable-%C3%A2-and-reproducible
#4
Leonardo Fernandes da Cunha, Cibele de Almeida Kintopp, Marina Samara Baechtold, Gisele Maria Correr, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga
Planning oral rehabilitation that involves an interdisciplinary approach is challenging, especially when it includes changes in the morphologic aspects of teeth and the architecture of gingival tissues. Patients commonly complain about the esthetics of maxillary anterior teeth, especially when diastemata are present. A guideline known as the golden proportion can be used to establish adequate width distribution of anterior teeth. Tooth proportion is also affected by incisogingival tooth length, hence gingival contouring should be evaluated as well...
May 16, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509509/fracture-of-zirconia-abutment-with-metallic-insertion-on-anterior-single-titanium-implant-with-internal-hexagon-retrieval-analysis-of-a-failure
#5
Marco Antonio Bottino, Regina Furbino Villefort Rocha, Lilian Costa Anami, Mutlu Özcan, Renata Marques de Melo
This case report presents a retrieval analysis of a screw-retained one-piece restoration with the veneering ceramic fired directly onto the zirconia abutment that fractured during insertion. A patient who experienced root fracture of a maxillary left central incisor received a titanium implant on the same day as extraction. After delayed implant loading, a two-piece zirconia abutment with metallic insertion was customized. Upon installation, a horizontal fracture of the crown just above the metallic portion was detected...
September 2016: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509504/marginal-adaptation-gap-width-and-fracture-strength-of-teeth-restored-with-different-all-ceramic-vs-metal-ceramic-crown-systems-an-in-vitro-study
#6
Carlo Monaco, Martin Rosentritt, Altin Llukacej, Paolo Baldissara, Roberto Scotti
This study evaluated marginal adaptation before and after thermomechanical (TCML) loading, gap width and fracture strength of all-ceramic single crowns, as compared to porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM). Thirty extracted premolars were prepared with a round shoulder of 1.0 mm depth. Specimens were restored with zirconia-ceramic (Group 1), lithium disilicate (Group 2) and metal-ceramic single crowns (Group 3). The replica of each sample was observed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) to evaluate the crown-cement (c-c) and tooth-cement interface (t-c)...
September 2016: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508939/-the-worlds-of-gods-in-medicine
#7
REVIEW
A Karenberg
BACKGROUND: A number of designations for diseases, medicines and human body structures derive from classical mythology. To date, these eponyms have not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVES: This paper provides an overview of this fringe component of medical vocabulary, looks at the history of several terms and formulates hypotheses as to why such creative etymologies have come into being. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In addition to relevant texts on ancient mythology, a variety of medical textbooks from the early modern period were analyzed...
May 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506655/fiber-reinforced-composite-fixed-dental-prostheses-a-4-year-prospective-clinical-trial-evaluating-survival-quality-and-effects-on-surrounding-periodontal-tissues
#8
Diana Wolff, Theresa Wohlrab, Daniel Saure, Johannes Krisam, Cornelia Frese
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Although fiber-reinforced composite fixed dental prostheses (FRC FDPs) are a reliable treatment option for the restoration of single missing teeth, comparatively few prospective clinical trials (PCT) exist. PURPOSE: The purpose of this PCT was to evaluate the survival, quality outcome, and effect of FRC FDPs on periodontal health over 4 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-six consecutive patients (16 men, 10 women) receiving FRC FDPs with preimpregnated unidirectional fiber reinforcement were included in the trial...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506654/effect-of-number-of-firings-on-the-color-and-translucency-of-ceramic-core-materials-with-veneer-ceramic-of-different-thicknesses
#9
Funda Bayindir, Ozlem Ozbayram
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Whether masking or translucency should be the goal for achieving an esthetic restoration with ceramic materials is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to examine the effect of the number of firings on the color and translucency of ceramic core material with different thicknesses of veneer ceramic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three different ceramic systems were used: IPS Empress (IE), IPS e.max Press (IEP), and Turkom Cera (TC)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497132/three-generations-of-zirconia-%C3%A2-from-veneered-to-monolithic-part-ii
#10
Bogna Stawarczyk, Christin Keul, Marlis Eichberger, David Figge, Daniel Edelhoff, Nina Lümkemann
This article presents the historical development of the different generations of zirconia and their range of indications, from veneered to monolithic zirconia restorations. While Part I concentrated on detailed information about the development of zirconia for dental use and the mechanical and optical properties, Part II deals with the resulting guidelines for working with the relevant generations by summarizing the correct cementation procedure. Furthermore, this part also focuses on translucency measurements for better characterization and understanding of the different materials...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490845/a-survey-of-pediatric-dentists-caries-related-treatment-decisions-and-restorative-modalities-a-web-based-survey
#11
Hassan S Halawany, Fouad Salama, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham, Tarfa Nasser Bin Moharib, Abdulfatah Samih Alazmah, Jawaher Abdulaziz Al Harbi
OBJECTIVE: To identify current practices and the preferred caries-related treatment decisions and restorative modalities of primary teeth among pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a web-based cross-sectional survey conducted among licensed pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. Following the retrieval of the email addresses from the Saudi Dental Council, an email explaining the purpose of the study and a link to SurveyMonkey electronic survey consisting of 23 questions was sent to all the members registered under the pediatric dentistry practitioners, starting in September till December 2013...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484652/esthetic-rehabilitation-with-direct-composite-veneering-a-report-of-2-cases
#12
Kyatham Sowmya, K S Dwijendra, V Pranitha, Konda Karthik Roy
Esthetic or cosmetic dentistry is one of the main areas of dental practice. Increasing demand of patients for esthetics has resulted in the development of several techniques for restoring the anterior teeth. Composite resin restorations have become an integral part of contemporary restorative dentistry and can be called "star of minimal invasion" due to its conservative concepts. The direct composite veneering allows restoring the tooth in a natural way and preservation of sound tooth structure when compared to indirect restorations...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474062/-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-modified-wet-particle-erosion-on-bond-strength-between-3y-tzp-zirconia-framework-and-veneering-porcelain
#13
Jing Guo, Jia Zhu, Hon-Guang Liu, Hong-Shui Zhu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of bond strength between 3mol% yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconium polycrystal (3Y-TZP) zirconia framework after modified wet particle erosion and veneering porcelain. METHODS: A total of 174 [8 mm× 8 mm× 3 mm (±0.02)] specimens were prepared and then randomly divided into different groups according to different particle size, sandblasting pressure, sandblasting time through conventional sandblasting (experimental groups); specimens in the control group were not sandblasted...
February 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459247/conservative-functional-and-esthetic-rehabilitation-of-severe-palatal-erosion-class-iv-using-modified-dahl-approach
#14
Aliasger Tunkiwala, Rajeev Chitguppi
This article demonstrates the clinical application of biomechanical and occlusal principles to conservatively provide optimal clinical outcomes in restoring an eroded anterior dentition. The authors manage a challenging case involving limited palatal clearance (ie, deep bite) coupled with palatal erosion and wear by combining the centric relation (CR) and Dahl principles to create anterior interocclusal space to reduce the need for more invasive palatal reduction. The combined use of adhesive restorations-resin composites on the palatal surface and indirect porcelain veneers on the facial/incisal surfaces-through enamel and dentin bonding helped optimize esthetic and functional/biomechanical aspects...
May 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459245/does-post-etching-cleaning-influence-bond-strength-of-lithium-disilicate-laminate-veneers
#15
Ana Paula Rodrigues Magalhães, Rafael Almeida Decurcio, Gerardo Patricio Durán Ojeda, Terence Romano Teixeira, Paula de Carvalho Cardoso
This paper aims to present a clinical case of laminate veneers in lithium disilicate (LD) reinforced ceramic, complemented with scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy analysis of this ceramic's surfaces submitted to some of the different post-etching cleaning protocols proposed by literature. Many dentists are applying all-ceramic restorations, especially veneers, with the most applied material being LD, due to its good mechanical properties, esthetics, and ability to adhere to tooth substrate...
May 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440007/spectrophotometric-analysis-of-fluorescent-zirconia-abutments-compared-to-conventional-zirconia-abutments-a-within-subject-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Daniel S Thoma, Felix B Gamper, Vítor M Sapata, Giuseppe Voce, Christoph H F Hämmerle, Irena Sailer
BACKGROUND: Zirconia abutments are frequently used for implant-supported single crowns. Even though demonstrating esthetic benefits compared to metal abutments, zirconia abutments lead to an increased brightness of the peri-implant mucosa compared to natural teeth and are not ideal from an esthetic point of view. PURPOSE: To test whether or not a fluorescent hybrid zirconia abutment offers superior esthetics compared to a non-fluorescent one-piece zirconia abutment based on spectrophotometric analysis...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435367/-ormocer-an-innovative-technology-a-replacement-for-conventional-cements-and-veneer-a-comparative-in-vitro-analysis
#17
Vini Rajeev, Rajeev Arunachalam, Sanjna Nayar, P R Arunima, Sivadas Ganapathy, Vaishnavi Vedam
OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study was designed to assess shear bond strength (SBS) of ormocer flowable (OF) resin as a luting agent, ormocer as an indirect veneer material with portrayal of modes of failures using scanning electron microscope (SEM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty maxillary central incisors were divided into Group I, II, and III with 20 samples each based on luting cement used. They were OF, self-adhesive (SA) cement, and total etch (TE) cement. These groups were subdivided into "a" and "b" of ten each based on the type of veneering materials used...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420829/bonding-measurement-strength-and-fracture-mechanics-approaches
#18
Chuchai Anunmana, Wiroj Wansom
This study investigated the effect of cross-sectional areas on interfacial fracture toughness and bond strength of bilayered dental ceramics. Zirconia core ceramics were veneered and cut to produce specimens with three different cross-sectional areas. Additionally, monolithic specimens of glass veneer were also prepared. The specimens were tested in tension until fracture at the interface and reported as bond strength. Fracture surfaces were observed, and the apparent interfacial toughness was determined from critical crack size and failure stress...
April 18, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402734/masking-colored-substrates-using-monolithic-and-bilayer-cad-cam-ceramic-structures
#19
G R Basso, A B Kodama, A H Pimentel, M R Kaizer, A Della Bona, R R Moraes, N Boscato
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the masking ability and translucency of monolithic and bilayer CAD-CAM ceramic structures. METHODS: Discs of high translucency (HT) and low translucency (LT) lithium disilicate-based ceramic (IPS e.max CAD) with different thicknesses (0.7, 1, 1.5, and 2 mm) were evaluated as a monolithic structure or combined (bilayer) with a 0.5-mm-thick zirconia framework (IPS e.max ZirCAD). The masking ability and translucency were calculated based on CIE L*a*b* color coordinates measured with a spectrophotometer (SP60, X-Rite)...
April 12, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402355/digitally-milled-metal-framework-for-fixed-complete-denture-with-metal-occlusal-surfaces-a-design-concept
#20
Bader AlBader, Abdulaziz AlHelal, Periklis Proussaefs, Antonela Garbacea, Mathew T Kattadiyil, Jaime Lozada
Implant-supported fixed complete dentures, often referred to as hybrid prostheses, have been associated with high implant survival rates but also with a high incidence of mechanical prosthetic complications. The most frequent of these complications have been fracture and wear of the veneering material. The proposed design concept incorporates the occlusal surfaces of the posterior teeth as part of a digital milled metal framework by designing the posterior first molars in full contour as part of the framework...
May 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
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