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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074386/the-effect-of-ceramic-thickness-and-resin-cement-shades-on-the-color-matching-of-ceramic-veneers-in-discolored-teeth
#1
Wenzhong Xing, Xiaodong Chen, Dafei Ren, Kangru Zhan, Yining Wang
The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of ceramic material thickness and resin cement shade on the color matching of ceramic veneers at the gray tooth structures. Seventy-two artificial maxillary right central incisor teeth (C2 shade) were prepared according to veneer tooth preparation in practice. Ceramic materials (LT, A2 shade, IPS e.max Press) were selected to fabricate the 0.50- and 0.75-mm thick veneers at the body region. The ceramic veneer specimens were bonded to the artificial teeth by the 6 shades of resin cements (Variolink Veneer: shades of HV+3, LV-2, LV-3; and RelyX(TM) Veneer: shades of WO, TR, A3)...
January 10, 2017: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072486/radiopacity-of-composite-luting-cements-using-a-digital-technique
#2
Walter Dukic
PURPOSE: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the radiopacity of 20 common dental composite luting materials using a digital technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 1-mm-thick specimen of each material with a human tooth slice and aluminium step wedge were tested using digital radiographs under four combinations of exposure and voltage. The radiopacity in pixels was determined using computer software. The equivalent thickness of aluminium for each material was then calculated based on the calibration curve...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070702/effects-of-tributylborane-activated-adhesive-and-two-silane-agents-on-bonding-computer-aided-design-and-manufacturing-cad-cam-resin-composite
#3
Ayano Shinohara, Yohsuke Taira, Takashi Sawase
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of an experimental adhesive agent [methyl methacrylate-tributylborane liquid (MT)] and two adhesive agents containing silane on the bonding between a resin composite block of a computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system and a light-curing resin composite veneering material. The surfaces of CAD/CAM resin composite specimens were ground with silicon-carbide paper, treated with phosphoric acid, and then primed with either one of the two silane agents [Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SC) and GC Ceramic Primer II (GC)], no adhesive control (Cont), or one of three combinations (MT/SC, MT/GC, and MT/Cont)...
January 9, 2017: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054794/full-mouth-implant-rehabilitation-with-monolithic-zirconia-benefits-and-limitations
#4
Sarah Amin, Hans-Peter Weber, Yukio Kudara, Panos Papaspyridakos
As increased chipping rates have been reported with porcelain-fused-to-zirconia fixed dental prostheses, monolithic zirconia has been introduced in an effort to reduce the technical complications associated with bilayered ceramics. This clinical report illustrates the steps for achieving full-mouth implant rehabilitation with monolithic zirconia prostheses and minimal facial porcelain veneering. The benefits and limitations of this technique are also discussed. The incisal edges and occluding surface areas comprised monolithic zirconia to reduce the possibility of breakage and improve the esthetic outcome...
January 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018566/interfacial-modulus-mapping-of-layered-dental-ceramics-using-nanoindentation
#5
Antonios L Theocharopoulos, Andrew J Bushby, Ken My P'ng, Rory M Wilson, K Elizabeth Tanner, Michael J Cattell
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the modulus of elasticity (E) across the interfaces of yttria stabilized zirconia (YTZP) / veneer multilayers using nanoindentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: YTZP core material (KaVo-Everest, Germany) specimens were either coated with a liner (IPS e.max ZirLiner, Ivoclar-Vivadent) (Type-1) or left as-sintered (Type-2) and subsequently veneered with a pressable glass-ceramic (IPS e.max ZirPress, Ivoclar-Vivadent). A 5 µm (nominal tip diameter) spherical indenter was used with a UMIS CSIRO 2000 (ASI, Canberra, Australia) nanoindenter system to test E across the exposed and polished interfaces of both specimen types...
December 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018561/comparison-of-the-fit-accuracy-of-zirconia-based-prostheses-generated-by-two-cad-cam-systems
#6
Seok-Joon Ha, Jin-Hyun Cho
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study are to evaluate the internal and marginal adaptation of two widely used CAD/CAM systems and to study the effect of porcelain press veneering process on the prosthesis adaptation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Molar of a lower jaw typodont resin model was prepared by adjusting a 1.0 mm circumferential chamfer, an occlusal reduction of 2.0 mm, and a 5° convergence angle and was duplicated as an abrasion-resistant master die. The monolithic crowns and copings were fabricated with two different CAD/CAM system-Ceramil and Zirkonzahn systems...
December 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006713/influence-of-sodalite-zeolite-infiltration-on-the-coefficient-of-thermal-expansion-and-bond-strength-of-all-ceramic-dental-prostheses
#7
Ghassan Abdul-Hamid Naji, Ros Anita Omar, Rosiyah Yahya
In all-ceramic systems, a high incidence of veneer chip-off has been reported in clinical studies. Coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) behaviour is one of the factors that may increase residual stress in the interface and influence the veneer/core bond strength. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of sodalite zeolite-infiltration on the CTE behaviour and bond strength of different all-ceramic prostheses. The case-study groups were synthesized sodalite zeolite-infiltrated alumina (IA-SOD) and synthesized sodalite zeolite-infiltrated zirconia-toughened alumina (ZTA) (IZ-SOD), while the control groups were glass-infiltrated alumina (IA-glass) and glass-infiltrated ZTA (IZ-glass)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995653/influence-of-misfit-on-the-occurrence-of-veneering-porcelain-fractures-chipping-in-implant-supported-metal-ceramic-fixed-dental-prostheses-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-pilot-trial
#8
Nils Löfgren, Christel Larsson, Nikos Mattheos, Martin Janda
OBJECTIVE: Technical complications such as veneer fractures are more common in implant-supported than tooth-supported restorations. The underlying causes have not been fully identified. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether misfit between the restoration and the implant may affect the risk of veneer fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty standardized five-unit implant-supported metal-ceramic fixed dental prostheses (FDP)s were manufactured and fixed in acrylic blocks...
December 19, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995226/effect-of-stiffness-of-cement-on-stress-distribution-%C3%A2-in-ceramic-crowns
#9
Xu Dong Dong, Hao Ran Wang, Brian W Darvell, Sai Huen Lo
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the stress distribution in monolithic- and bilayer-structured ceramic crowns by means of the finite element method (FEM), as a function of elastic modulus of the core ceramic, Ecor, and that of the cement used to lute the crown, Ecem, with a view to identifying an ideal stiffness for the cement. METHODS: A two-dimensional axisymmetric FEM model was created to represent tooth structure with a cemented ceramic crown in place. The value of Ecor was set at 70, 100, 150 and 200  GPa representative of the range of commercially available materials...
2016: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987657/influence-of-interlayer-design-on-residual-thermal-stresses-in-trilayered-and-graded-all-ceramic-restorations
#10
Bruno Henriques, Douglas Fabris, Júlio C M Souza, Filipe S Silva, Joana Mesquita-Guimarães, Yu Zhang, Márcio Fredel
Residual thermal stresses are formed in dental restorations during cooling from high temperature processing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of constructive design variables (composition and interlayer thickness) on residual stresses in alumina- and zirconia-graded restorations. Restorations' real-like cooling conditions were simulated using finite elements method and temperature-dependent material properties were used. Three different designs were evaluated: a bilayered restoration (sharp transition between materials); a trilayered restoration with a homogenous interlayer between core and veneer; and a trilayered restoration with a graded interlayer...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987513/-preliminary-clinical-evaluation-of-the-esthetic-effect-of-deep-discolored-anterior-teeth-restored-with-zirconia-veneers
#11
T F Zhou, X Z Wang, J Y Liu, Q Sun, X K Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the esthetic effect of deep discolored anterior teeth restored by zirconia veneers. METHODS: Small defected deep discolored anterior teeth with complete root canal therapy were restored by zirconia veneers (n=15). The same name teeth on the other side of the same dental arch were chosen as control teeth. The color difference values ΔE of the neck 1/3, the middle 1/3 and the incisor 1/3 between the deep discolored tooth and the normal control tooth before and after therapy were measured to evaluate the esthetic effect of zirconia veneer restoration...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982231/low-fusing-porcelain-glaze-application-on-3y-tzp-surfaces-can-enhance-zirconia-porcelain-adhesion
#12
Lígia Tiaki Yamamoto, Vinícius Anéas Rodrigues, Lucio Strazzabosco Dornelles, Marco Antonio Bottino, Luiz Felipe Valandro, Renata Marques de Melo
The aim of this study was to assess whether surface treatment improves zirconia-porcelain adhesion. The 3Y-TZP blocks were cut into squares, then polished and sintered. The zirconia surface treatments were performed as follows: no treatment (C); tribochemical silica coating (TBS); glaze application + hydrofluoric acid etching (GA); glaze application + hydrofluoric acid etching + silanization (GAS); deposition of silica nanofilm (NF). After treatments, veneering porcelain cylinders (3.3 x 3.3 mm) were built up on all specimens and fired...
September 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982228/effect-of-glaze-cooling-rate-on-mechanical-properties-of-conventional-and-pressed-porcelain-on-zirconia
#13
Diogo Longhini, Cibele Oliveira de Melo Rocha, Igor Studart Medeiros, Renata Garcia Fonseca, Gelson Luis Adabo
The aim of this study was to characterize a conventional and a pressed porcelain for zirconia core as to biaxial flexural strength (BFS), apparent fracture toughness (FT) and microstructure composition, and to investigate the effect of glaze cooling rate on the BFS of the zirconia/porcelain bilayers. Monolayers of conventional porcelain Vita VM9 and pressed porcelain Vita PM9 (n=15) (12 mm diameter x 1.2 mm thick) were prepared for the BFS test (MPa). Apparent fracture toughness (MPa.m1/2) was measured by indentation technique (n=15)...
September 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982193/use-of-feldspathic-porcelain-veneers-to-improve-smile-harmony-a-3-year-follow-up-report
#14
Leonardo Federizzi, Érica Alves Gomes, Samantha Schaffer Pugilato Báratro, Flares Baratto-Filho, Ataís Bacchi, Aloísio Oro Spazzin
This case report describes an esthetic treatment to improve the shape and alignment of the anterior teeth, reestablishing smile harmony, using feldspathic porcelain veneers. Results of clinical follow up after 36 months are also presented. The advantages, disadvantages and limitations of the technique are detailed with reference to the relevant literature. This suggests that the success of treatment depends on adequate conditions of bonding between the veneers and the tooth complex, which involves parameters such as the strength and durability of the bond interface...
October 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965493/new-single-bottle-ceramic-primer-6-month-case-report-and-laboratory-performance
#15
Fabiana Sf Siqueira, Rodrigo S Alessi, Andres Fm Cardenas, Carlos Kose, Shelon C Souza Pinto, Matheus C Bandeca, Alessandro D Loguercio, João C Gomes
INTRODUCTION: This article presents a 6-month case report and an in vitro evaluation of the performance of the new self-etching glass-ceramic monobond etch and prime (MEP) when applied in a lithium disilicate (LD). The MEP contains in the same bottle, along with acid conditioner and silanes. This simplifies the bonding procedures by reducing not only the number of steps, but also the working time. A 42-year-old female patient sought for esthetic treatment, and the main complaint was the darkened appearance of the upper lateral incisor...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957283/treatment-and-restoration-of-adult-dentoalveolar-trauma-a-clinical-case-report
#16
Blanca Serra-Pastor, Miguel Penarrocha-Diago, María Penarrocha-Diago, Rubén Agustín-Panadero
Adult dentoalveolar trauma most often occurs in the context of sports activities and traffic accidents. Coronal fractures are the most common type of lesion, followed by tooth luxation. We present the case of a 25-year-old woman who suffered alveolar bone damage and coronal fractures of the upper incisors, with extrusive luxation of the right central incisor, as the result of a fall. On the first visit, manual reduction of the buccal plate was carried out under local anesthesia, with repositioning of the right central incisor and splinting to the neighboring teeth...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927884/esthetic-and-clinical-performance-of-implant-supported-all-ceramic-crowns-made-with-prefabricated-or-cad-cam-zirconia-abutments-a-randomized-multicenter-clinical-trial
#17
J G Wittneben, J Gavric, U C Belser, M M Bornstein, T Joda, V Chappuis, I Sailer, U Brägger
Patients' esthetic expectations are increasing, and the options of the prosthetic pathways are currently evolving. The objective of this randomized multicenter clinical trial was to assess and compare the esthetic outcome and clinical performance of anterior maxillary all-ceramic implant crowns (ICs) based either on prefabricated zirconia abutments veneered with pressed ceramics or on CAD/CAM zirconia abutments veneered with hand buildup technique. The null hypothesis was that there is no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890357/effect-of-cement-space-on-stress-distribution-in-y-tzp-based-crowns
#18
Carlos Eduardo Edwards Rezende, Ana Flávia Sanches Borges, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga, Yuanyuan Duan, José Henrique Rubo, Jason Alan Griggs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the stress distribution in bi-layered Y-TZP based crowns, according to the occlusal internal spacing between coping and abutment. METHODS: Twelve premolar shaped Y-TZP copings were made by a CAD/CAM system and seated on an abutment to evaluate the internal fit at the occlusal third using micro-CT images. Considering the fitting range obtained experimentally, two 3D finite element models, consisting on bone tissue, a titanium implant, a zirconia abutment, cement layer and a bi-layered Y-TZP ceramic crown were constructed based on the micro-CT images, one corresponding to the thinnest cement space and other representing the specimen with the thickest cement space obtained experimentally...
November 24, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870167/design-of-complete-dentures-by-adopting-cad-developed-for-fixed-prostheses
#19
Yanfeng Li, Weili Han, Jing Cao, Yuan Iv, Yue Zhang, Yishi Han, Yi Shen, Zheng Ma, Huanyue Liu
The demand for complete dentures is expected to increase worldwide, but complete dentures are mainly designed and fabricated manually involving a broad series of clinical and laboratory procedures. Therefore, the quality of complete dentures largely depends on the skills of the dentist and technician, leading to difficulty in quality control. Computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) has been used to design and fabricate various dental restorations including dental inlays, veneers, crowns, partial crowns, and fixed partial dentures (FPDs)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866055/microstructure-and-nanoindentation-analyses-of-low-temperature-aging-on-the-zirconia-porcelain-interface
#20
M D Peng, J Q Wei, Y N Wang, Q Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of low-temperature aging on the micro-mechanical and micro-structural properties of zirconia-porcelain interface. In total, thirty-three Y-TZP zirconia blocks were fabricated by using CAD/CAM technology, veneered with porcelains. Specimens were submitted to low-temperature aging in an autoclave at 134°C, additional 0.2MPa pressure for 0h, 5h, or 10h. Flexural strength was obtained by using three-point bending test. Micro-mechanical properties (nano-hardness (H) and reduced modulus (Er)) were investigated by nanoindentation tests...
February 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
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