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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890357/effect-of-cement-space-on-stress-distribution-in-y-tzp-based-crowns
#1
Carlos Eduardo Edwards Rezende, Ana Flávia Sanches Borges, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga, Yuanyuan Duan, José Henrique Rubo, Jason Alan Griggs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the stress distribution in bi-layered Y-TZP based crowns, according to the occlusal internal spacing between coping and abutment. METHODS: Twelve premolar shaped Y-TZP copings were made by a CAD/CAM system and seated on an abutment to evaluate the internal fit at the occlusal third using micro-CT images. Considering the fitting range obtained experimentally, two 3D finite element models, consisting on bone tissue, a titanium implant, a zirconia abutment, cement layer and a bi-layered Y-TZP ceramic crown were constructed based on the micro-CT images, one corresponding to the thinnest cement space and other representing the specimen with the thickest cement space obtained experimentally...
November 24, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870167/design-of-complete-dentures-by-adopting-cad-developed-for-fixed-prostheses
#2
Yanfeng Li, Weili Han, Jing Cao, Yuan Iv, Yue Zhang, Yishi Han, Yi Shen, Zheng Ma, Huanyue Liu
The demand for complete dentures is expected to increase worldwide, but complete dentures are mainly designed and fabricated manually involving a broad series of clinical and laboratory procedures. Therefore, the quality of complete dentures largely depends on the skills of the dentist and technician, leading to difficulty in quality control. Computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) has been used to design and fabricate various dental restorations including dental inlays, veneers, crowns, partial crowns, and fixed partial dentures (FPDs)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866055/microstructure-and-nanoindentation-analyses-of-low-temperature-aging-on-the-zirconia-porcelain-interface
#3
M D Peng, J Q Wei, Y N Wang, Q Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of low-temperature aging on the micro-mechanical and micro-structural properties of zirconia-porcelain interface. In total, thirty-three Y-TZP zirconia blocks were fabricated by using CAD/CAM technology, veneered with porcelains. Specimens were submitted to low-temperature aging in an autoclave at 134°C, additional 0.2MPa pressure for 0h, 5h, or 10h. Flexural strength was obtained by using three-point bending test. Micro-mechanical properties (nano-hardness (H) and reduced modulus (Er)) were investigated by nanoindentation tests...
November 11, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861668/ceramic-veneered-zirconia-frameworks-in-full-arch-implant-rehabilitations-a-6-month-to-5-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
João Manuel Mendez Caramês, António Duarte Sola Pereira da Mata, Duarte Nuno da Silva Marques, Helena Cristina de Oliveira Francisco
PURPOSE: This was a retrospective cohort study designed to evaluate the clinical performance of ceramic-veneered zirconia frameworks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were recruited according to defined inclusion criteria. All patients were checked every 4 months from the time of definitive rehabilitation. At the end of 2013, all patients were rescheduled and rechecked for study purposes. The restorative procedures assessment was performed by previously established methods...
November 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860552/the-effect-of-ytterbium-doped-fiber-laser-with-different-parameters-on-physical-properties-of-zirconia-surface
#5
Server Mutluay Unal, Serhat Emre Ozkir, Zelal Seyfioglu Polat, Sedat Guven, Hilal Asutay
OBJECTIVE: Laser irradiation is an alternative surface treatment method for roughening zirconia surfaces. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ytterbium-doped fiber laser (YbPL) on zirconia. BACKGROUND: Zirconia surfaces are resistant to many surface treatment methods, but surface roughness is crucial for adhesion of veneering materials and cements to zirconia. METHODS: The zirconia discs were prepared and divided into four groups according to the power of the laser irradiation (5, 12, 17, and 20 W)...
November 17, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836148/volumetric-shrinkage-and-film-thickness-of-cementation-materials-for-veneers-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-3d-microcomputed-tomography-analysis
#6
Camila S Sampaio, João Malta Barbosa, Eduardo Cáceres, Lindiane C Rigo, Paulo G Coelho, Estevam A Bonfante, Ronaldo Hirata
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Few studies have investigated the volumetric polymerization shrinkage and film thickness of the different cementation techniques used to cement veneers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the volumetric polymerization shrinkage (VS) and film thickness (FT) of various cementation techniques through 3-dimensional (3D) microcomputed tomography (μCT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight artificial plastic maxillary central incisors with standard preparations for veneers were provided by a mannequin manufacturer (P-Oclusal) and used as testing models with the manufacturer's plastic veneers...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829834/the-prosthetic-workflow-in-the-digital-era
#7
Lidia Tordiglione, Michele De Franco, Giovanni Bosetti
The purpose of this retrospective study was to clinically evaluate the benefits of adopting a full digital workflow for the implementation of fixed prosthetic restorations on natural teeth. To evaluate the effectiveness of these protocols, treatment plans were drawn up for 15 patients requiring rehabilitation of one or more natural teeth. All the dental impressions were taken using a Planmeca PlanScan® (Planmeca OY, Helsinki, Finland) intraoral scanner, which provided digital casts on which the restorations were digitally designed using Exocad® (Exocad GmbH, Germany, 2010) software and fabricated by CAM processing on 5-axis milling machines...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829765/comparative-study-on-the-tensile-bond-strength-and-marginal-fit-of-complete-veneer-cast-metal-crowns-using-various-luting-agents-an-in-vitro-study
#8
B Devi Parameswari, M Rajakumar, G Lambodaran, Shyam Sundar
INTRODUCTION: Several commercially available luting agents are used to cement the dental restorations such as intra-coronal, extra-coronal, and fixed partial dentures. Tensile bond strength (TBS) and accurate marginal fit are the essential factors to determine the good clinical results in fixed prosthesis. The retentivity of the luting cements is assessed by their adhesive capacity over the tooth surface and metal surface. Generally, the adhesive ability has been evaluated with in vitro testing, with tensile bond tests...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826383/shear-bond-strength-of-veneering-ceramic-to-coping-materials-with-different-pre-surface-treatments
#9
Natasya Ahmad Tarib, Norsamihah Anuar, Marlynda Ahmad
PURPOSE: Pre-surface treatments of coping materials have been recommended to enhance the bonding to the veneering ceramic. Little is known on the effect on shear bond strength, particularly with new coping material. The aim of this study was to investigate the shear bond strength of veneering ceramic to three coping materials: i) metal alloy (MA), ii) zirconia oxide (ZO), and iii) lithium disilicate (LD) after various pre-surface treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two (n = 32) discs were prepared for each coping material...
October 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824981/does-the-material-stiffness-of-novel-high-performance-polymers-for-fixed-partial-dentures-influence-their-biomechanical-behavior
#10
Ludger Keilig, Helmut Stark, Christoph Bourauel
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of framework materials with different elasticity moduli on the biomechanical performance of fixed partial dentures (FPDs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A tooth-anchored three-unit FPD and surrounding tissues were modeled in two variants (veneered/full anatomical FPD) and loaded on the central unit. Three different framework materials (titanium, zirconia, high-performance polymer) were simulated. RESULTS: The polymer framework resulted in reduced framework stresses and increased veneering stresses...
November 2016: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820690/multidisciplinary-treatment-of-complicated-crown-root-fractures-a-case-study
#11
I L Stojanac, B V Bajkin, M T Premovic, B D Ramic, L M Petrovic
Traumatic dental injuries usually occur among children and adolescents, with maxillary central incisors as the most often affected teeth. Complicated crown-root fractures are particularly challenging for esthetic and functional rehabilitation and often require a multidisciplinary approach. A 21-year-old male patient came to the Dental Clinic due to fractured maxillary incisors caused by trauma during a sporting activity. Clinical examination revealed horizontal fractures of teeth 7, 8, and 9, initiating in the labial cervical third and extending subgingivally on the palate, with exposed pulp tissues...
November 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811721/sponge-epizoism-in-the-caribbean-and-the-discovery-of-new-plakortis-and-br-haliclona-species-and-polymorphism-of-xestospongia-deweerdtae-porifera
#12
Jan Vicente, Sven Zea, Russell T Hill
The new discovery by Vicente et al. (2014) of specialized epizoic symbioses between sponges of the genera Plakortis and Xestospongia revealed the obligate interaction of two new Plakortis spp. associating with Xestospongia deweerdtae and a new Xestospongia sp. In this study we formally describe the two new Plakortis spp. as Plakortis deweerdtaephila sp. nov. (previously reported as Plakortis sp. 1), Plakortis symbiotica sp. nov. (previously reported as Plakortis sp. 2) and describe the new Xestospongia sp. epibiont as Haliclona (Halichoclona) plakophila sp...
October 24, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811709/cliona-acephala-porifera-demospongiae-clionaida-a-new-encrusting-excavating-reef-sponge-from-the-colombian-caribbean-belonging-to-the-cliona-viridis-species-complex
#13
Sven Zea, Mateo López-Victoria
Several groups of sponges are able to excavate galleries and tunnels in calcareous substrata such as limestone rock, shells, calcareous algae and coral skeletons. Within the genus Cliona, some species share the common traits of being brown to olive-green in color, and harboring photosynthetic, unicellular dinoflagellates (zooxanthellae). These Cliona spp. have been grouped as the Cliona viridis species complex. Several species of this complex completely encrust the excavated substratum with a thin veneer of tissue and, when colonizing dead exposed parts of live coral colonies, they are able to undermine or overgrow and thus kill live coral tissue as they advance predominantly laterally...
October 26, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796574/clinical-performance-of-screw-retained-and-cemented-implant-supported-zirconia-single-crowns-36-month-results
#14
Claudio Cacaci, Friederike Cantner, Thomas Mücke, Peter Randelzhofer, Jan Hajtó, Florian Beuer
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this clinical study was to evaluate the clinical performance of implant-supported zirconia crowns with a sintered veneering cap. Furthermore, the influence of the type of retention (screw-retained vs cemented single crowns) was analysed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients were accommodated with 114 implants, inserted in the molar and premolar regions. Zirconia-based crowns with a sintered veneering cap were either screw-retained (n = 53) or cemented (n = 61) on the implant...
October 29, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796072/time-efficiency-analysis-of-the-treatment-with-monolithic-implant-crowns-in-a-digital-workflow-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Tim Joda, Urs Brägger
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the randomized controlled trial was to analyze time-efficiency of a treatment with implant crowns made of monolithic lithium disilicate (LS2) plus titanium base vs. porcelain fuse to zirconium dioxide (ZrO2 ) in a digital workflow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty study participants were included for single-tooth replacement in premolar and molar sites. Baseline was the start of the prosthetic treatment. All patients received transocclusal screw-retained implant reconstructions on a soft tissue level-type implant...
November 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765396/prospective-cohort-clinical-study-assessing-the-5-year-survival-and-success-of-anterior-maxillary-zirconia-based-crowns-with-customized-zirconia-copings
#16
Sami Dogan, Ariel J Raigrodski, Hai Zhang, Lloyd A Mancl
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Studies evaluating anterior zirconia-based crowns are limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective cohort clinical study was to assess the efficacy of zirconia-based anterior maxillary crowns with 0.3-mm customized copings at the cervical third and anatomical design elsewhere for up to 5 years of service. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen participants who required an anterior maxillary crown (n=20) and who had signed a consent form approved by the University of Washington Health Sciences Center Human Subjects Division were enrolled...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759414/aesthetic-rehabilitation-in-a-young-patient-using-a-minimally-invasive-approach-a-multidisciplinary-case-report
#17
M Frascaria, M Casinelli, S Mauro, M M D'Amario, R Gatto, G Marzo
BACKGROUND: Optimal integration and long-term stability of oral rehabilitations require correct diagnostic approach, appropriate pre-prosthetic treatments and accurate therapeutic protocols. Technology provides devices to optimise therapeutic results, according to biologic constraints and aesthetic parameters. CASE REPORT: The present report describes a multidisciplinary management in a young patient affected by lateral incisor agenesis, including pre-prosthetic orthodontic treatment and restorative and implant-supported prosthetic rehabilitation...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740655/fracture-strength-failure-types-and-weibull-characteristics-of-three-unit-zirconia-fixed-dental-prostheses-after-cyclic-loading-effects-of-veneering-and-air-abrasion-protocols
#18
Fernanda Campos, Rodrigo Oa Souza, Marco A Bottino, Mutlu Özcan
The required connector dimension for zirconia fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) may be a clinical limitation due to limited space in the occlusogingival direction. Using no veneering in the gingival regions of the pontics and connectors may solve this problem. This study evaluated the mechanical durability of zirconia FDPs with and without veneering in the gingival area of the connectors and pontics and subsequent air abrasion of this region with different protocols. Models were made of resin abutments (diameter = 6 or 8 mm, height = 6 mm, 6 degrees convergence) and embedded in polyurethane resin (distance = 11 mm)...
November 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730222/adhesive-esthetic-treatment-%C3%A2-of-non-syndromic-maxillary-anterior-%C3%A2-microdontia-in-young-high-demanding-patients-a-case-series
#19
Federico Tirone, Stefano Salzano, Erik Rolando
BACKGROUND: Microdontia of the maxillary anterior teeth occurs quite frequently but is poorly documented. The literature describes several treatment choices, which are often focused on an orthodontic approach rather than a restorative one. The latest trends in restorative dentistry and the new ceramic materials, such as lithium disilicate, allow clinicians to perform esthetic rehabilitations based on microinvasive approaches that are most appropriate for younger patients. SUMMARY: Four patients, all employed in the field of dentistry, presented at our dental practice complaining of diastemata between their maxillary anterior teeth...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730217/minimally-invasive-vertical-preparation-design-for-ceramic-veneers
#20
Mario Imburgia, Angelo Canale, Davide Cortellini, Marco Maneschi, Claudio Martucci, Marco Valenti
The esthetic treatment of anterior teeth has always presented a challenge in clinical practice. With the improvement of dental materials, many restorative options such as composite resins, all-ceramic crowns, and ceramic veneers have become available. The current challenge in reconstructive dentistry is to obtain excellent esthetic results while preserving the biological structures involved as much as possible. Thanks to the introduction of high-strength etchable dental ceramics, clinicians and technicians have materials and procedures at their disposal that allow them to restore esthetics and function through a minimally invasive approach...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
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