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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166697/-patient-unrelated-risk-factors-for-the-development-and-treatment-course-of-anastomotic-failure-in-colorectal-surgery-results-of-structured-m-m-conferences
#1
Peter Alexander Vogel
Background There are numerous published studies on patient-related risk factors for the development of anastomotic failure. We therefore investigated the influence of patient-unrelated risk factors for the development and course of treatment of anastomotic failure in colorectal surgery. Patient Sample From May 1, 2015, until December, 31, 2016, n = 179 post-colorectal surgery patients were analysed. Overall, n = 14 patients suffered from anastomotic failure. These patients' course of treatment was analysed in a Morbidity and Mortality Conference (M+M conference) structured according to the London Protocol...
November 22, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166445/regular-access-and-adherence-to-medications-of-the-specialized-component-of-pharmaceutical-services
#2
Janaína Soder Fritzen, Fabiane Raquel Motter, Vera Maria Vieira Paniz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of the adherence to the medications of the Specialized Component of Pharmaceutical Services and its association with regular access in users of these medications in the municipality of São Leopoldo, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with adults aged 20 years and over, who are users of medications of the Specialized Component of Pharmaceutical Services. Sampling was carried out consecutively for users who accessed the service of the Specialized Component of Pharmaceutical Services during the period from December 2014 to March 2015...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166418/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-rare-and-severe-enamel-renal-syndrome
#3
Cedric Mauprivez, Jean-Francois Nguyen, Muriel de la Dure-Molla, Adrien Naveau
Dental rehabilitation of acute cases of enamel renal syndrome is challenging due to the absence of clinical reports. In the present case history report, examination of an 18-year-old patient revealed a complete lack of permanent teeth, as well as irregular and swollen bone and gingival morphology. Radiographs showed multiple impacted teeth in both arches. Creating a 1.5- to 2-cm interarch space was necessary for setting complete dentures. The ideal occlusal plane was chosen by combining two techniques (cephalometric radiograph and modification of the mandibular occlusal rim according to anatomical guidelines)...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166385/evidence-of-molting-and-the-function-of-rock-nosing-behavior-in-bowhead-whales-in-the-eastern-canadian-arctic
#4
Sarah M E Fortune, William R Koski, Jeff W Higdon, Andrew W Trites, Mark F Baumgartner, Steven H Ferguson
Bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) have a nearly circumpolar distribution, and occasionally occupy warmer shallow coastal areas during summertime that may facilitate molting. However, relatively little is known about the occurrence of molting and associated behaviors in bowhead whales. We opportunistically observed whales in Cumberland Sound, Nunavut, Canada with skin irregularities consistent with molting during August 2014, and collected a skin sample from a biopsied whale that revealed loose epidermis and sloughing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166246/imaging-features-of-gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-and-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging-for-identifying-cytokeratin-19-positive-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-retrospective-observational-study
#5
Seo-Youn Choi, Seong Hyun Kim, Cheol Keun Park, Ji Hye Min, Ji Eun Lee, Yoon-Hyeong Choi, Bo Ra Lee
Purpose To determine the preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings potentially most useful for predicting cytokeratin 19 (CK19)-positive hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to evaluate the prognosis after curative resection in patients with a single HCC lesion positive for CK19 compared with patients with HCC who are negative for CK19. Materials and Methods The institutional review board approved this study and waived the requirement for informed consent. Two hundred four patients with CK19-negative HCC and 38 with CK19-positive HCC who underwent curative resection after gadoxetic acid-enhanced and diffusion-weighted MR imaging were retrospectively evaluated in a single institution...
November 21, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165417/-pterygium-etiology-pathogenesis-treatment
#6
S A Malozhen, S V Trufanov, D A Krakhmaleva
Pterygium is a degenerative condition characterized by fibrovascular outgrowth of conjunctiva over the cornea. Many theories exist that try to explain its pathogenesis. The current belief is that this disease is multifactorial with ultraviolet radiation being the most important trigger. Attention is also paid to such factors as tear film changes, cytokines and growth factors disbalance, immunologic disturbances, genetic mutations, and viral infections. Modern classifications consider the rate of fibrovascular growth, its progressive potential, and histological features...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165411/-peripheral-refraction-and-retinal-contour-in-congenital-and-acquired-high-myopia
#7
E P Tarutta, G A Markosyan, S V Milash
AIM: to perform a comparative study of peripheral refraction and retinal contour in patients with congenital versus acquired high myopia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients (60 eyes) with high myopia aged 8 to 18 years (11.2±0.32 years on average) were examined. The patients were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 consisted of 21 patients (42 eyes) with acquired myopia of -6.0 to -10.25 diopters (-7.55±0.17 diopters on average), group 2 - of 9 patients (18 eyes) with congenital myopia of -8...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165163/the-potential-protective-effect-of-commelina-nudiflora-l-against-carbon-tetrachloride-ccl4-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-rats-mediated-by-suppression-of-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#8
Muhammad Dawood Shah, Urban J A D'Souza, Mohammad Iqbal
BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess the hepatoprotective potential of Commelina nudiflora against CCl4-induced hepatic injury in rats. METHOD: Antioxidant activities were determined. Phytochemical analysis was performed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS). In the in vivo study, Sprague Dawley rats were pretreated with C. nudiflora (150, 300, and 450 mg kg body weight (b.wt.)) once daily for 14 days followed by two doses of CCl4 (1 ml/kg b.wt.). After 2 weeks, the rats were sacrificed and hepatoprotective analysis was performed...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164806/enhanced-cytotoxicity-and-apoptosis-by-raloxifene-in-combination-with-estrogen-and-methotrexate-in-human-endometrial-stromal-thesc-cells
#9
Ivana Nikolic, Marija Andjelkovic, Milan Zaric, Ivanka Zelen, Zoran Milosavljevic, Petar Canovic, Marina Mitrovic
Endometrial hyperplasia is a condition that may lead to the development of endometrial carcinoma. Initially, changes of the endometrium are caused by the estrogen's hyperstimulation that may lead to the development of an irregular bleeding and the infertility problems. Therapy of endometrial hyperplasia's is limited to medical and surgical approaches. During the past decade, the new types of drugs were developed for the treatment of the endometrial hyperplasia. Here, for the first time, we investigated the cytotoxic effects of the various combinations of estrogen, raloxifene and methotrexate in human ThESC cell line as a possible potential treatment of the endometrial hyperplasia...
November 22, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164718/canine-prostate-specific-esterase-cpse-as-an-useful-biomarker-in-preventive-screening-programme-of-canine-prostate-cpse-threshold-value-assessment-and-its-correlation-with-ultrasonographic-prostatic-abnormalities-in-asymptomatic-dogs
#10
S Alonge, M Melandri, R Leoci, G M Lacalandra, G Aiudi
Due to the increased attention that pet-owners devote to their animals and to the improved veterinary care, investigations regarding methods to early detect prostatic disorders that might affect canine life quality have been performed. Canine prostate specific esterase (CPSE) concentration was reported to be higher in dogs suffering from prostatic diseases. This study aimed to estimate the CPSE threshold as a biomarker to early identify prostatic diseases in asymptomatic dogs. The ultrasonographic examination of the prostate was performed in 19 dogs (6-40 kg; 1-5 years) with no symptoms of prostatic diseases...
November 22, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164664/can-sleep-quality-and-burnout-affect-the-job-performance-of-shift-work-nurses-a-hospital-cross-sectional-study
#11
Fabio Giorgi, Antonella Mattei, Ippolito Notarnicola, Cristina Petrucci, Loreto Lancia
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate any possible relationship between sleep disorders, burnout and job performance in a shift-work population of nurses. BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders and burnout can affect the job performance of nurses in terms of efficiency, productivity, task execution speed and supervision, which can be compromised when work shifts are organized on a 24-hour schedule and when the shift itself is irregular. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted from August 2014 - January 2015 on a sample of 315 shift-work nurses across 39 wards in seven central Italian hospitals...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164378/discrimination-and-sleep-difficulties-during-adolescence-the-mediating-roles-of-loneliness-and-perceived-stress
#12
Angelina Majeno, Kim M Tsai, Virginia W Huynh, Heather McCreath, Andrew J Fuligni
Irregular and insufficient sleep place youth at risk for adverse psychological and physical health outcomes. Recent research indicates that discrimination constitutes a type of stressor that interferes with adolescent sleep; however, the mechanisms through which discrimination affects sleep are not well understood. This study examined whether ethnic and non-ethnic (i.e., gender, age, and height/weight) discrimination were associated with adolescents' sleep duration, variability, and quality, and whether loneliness and perceived stress mediated these associations...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163452/the-opportunistic-pathogen-vibrio-vulnificus-produces-outer-membrane-vesicles-in-a-spatially-distinct-manner-related-to-capsular-polysaccharide
#13
Cheri M Hampton, Ricardo C Guerrero-Ferreira, Rachel E Storms, Jeannette V Taylor, Hong Yi, Paul A Gulig, Elizabeth R Wright
Vibrio vulnificus, a bacterial species that inhabits brackish waters, is an opportunistic pathogen of humans. V. vulnificus infections can cause acute gastroenteritis, invasive septicemia, tissue necrosis, and potentially death. Virulence factors associated with V. vulnificus include the capsular polysaccharide (CPS), lipopolysaccharide, flagellum, pili, and outer membrane vesicles (OMVs). The aims of this study were to characterize the morphology of V. vulnificus cells and the formation and arrangement of OMVs using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162407/a-predictive-model-to-distinguish-malignant-and-benign-thyroid-nodules-based-on-age-gender-and-ultrasonographic-features
#14
Fábio Muradás Girardi, Laura Mezzomo da Silva, Cecilia Dias Flores
INTRODUCTION: A discussion in literature about a standardized decision support tool for the management of thyroid nodules remains. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to create a statistical prediction model for thyroid nodules management. METHODS: Two hundred and four benign and 57 malignant thyroid nodules were selected for a retrospective study. The variables age, gender and ultrasonographic features were examined using univariate and multivariate models...
November 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#15
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159481/effects-of-multi-component-mixtures-from-sewage-treatment-plant-effluent-on-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-under-fully-realistic-condition
#16
Pham Thai Giang, Burkina Viktoriia, Sakalli Sidika, Schmidt-Posthaus Heike, Martin Krøyer Rasmussen, Randak Tomas, Grabic Roman, Grabicova Katerina, Fedorova Ganna, Koba Olga, Golovko Oksana, Turek Jan, Cerveny Daniel, Kolarova Jitka, Zlabek Vladimir
This study characterized changes in biomarker responses in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) upon exposure to effluent water discharged from a sewage treatment plant (STP) under real conditions. Fish were exposed to contamination in Cezarka pond, which receives all of its water input from the STP in the town of Vodnany, Czech Republic. Five sampling events were performed at day 0, 30, 90, 180, and 360 starting in April 2015. In total, 62 pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) were detected in the polar organic chemical integrative sampler...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159440/identifying-and-assessing-human-activity-impacts-on-groundwater-quality-through-hydrogeochemical-anomalies-and-no3-nh4-and-cod-contamination-a-case-study-of-the-liujiang-river-basin-hebei-province-p-r-china
#17
Cong Peng, Jiang-Tao He, Man-Li Wang, Zhen-Guo Zhang, Lei Wang
In the face of rapid economic development and increasing human activity, the deterioration of groundwater quality has seriously affected the safety of the groundwater supply in eastern China. Identifying and assessing the impact of human activities is key to finding solutions to this problem. This study is an effort to scientifically and systematically identify and assess the influence of human activities on groundwater based on irregularities in hydrochemical properties and water contamination, which are considered to directly result from anthropogenic activity...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159277/development-of-a-porcine-model-for-assessment-of-mucosal-repair-following-endoscopic-resection-of-the-lower-gastrointestinal-tract
#18
Nicolas Etchepare, Jérémy Bregeon, Lucille Quénéhervé, Sami Haddara, Yann Touchefeu, Michel Neunlist, Emmanuel Coron
Background and aims:  Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is widely performed for the treatment of colorectal polyps. However, the pathophysiological mechanisms of mucosal repair, including in situations at high risk of post-polypectomy bleeding, remain largely unknown. The objective of our study was to develop a porcine model of EMR in the lower gastrointestinal tract to monitor mucosal wound healing over time. Methods:  Under general anesthesia, five large wounds were created in the lower gastrointestinal tract at different times, i...
October 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159004/linear-malignant-melanoma-in-situ-reports-and-review-of-cutaneous-malignancies-presenting-as-linear-skin-cancer
#19
Philip R Cohen
Melanomas usually present as oval lesions in which the borders may be irregular. Other morphological features of melanoma include clinical asymmetry, variable color, diameter greater than 6 mm and evolving lesions. Two males whose melanoma in situ presented as linear skin lesions are described and cutaneous malignancies that may appear linear in morphology are summarized in this report. A medical literature search engine, PubMed, was used to search the following terms: cancer, cutaneous, in situ, linear, malignant, malignant melanoma, melanoma in situ, neoplasm, and skin...
September 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158569/section-1tunable-broadband-terahertz-absorbers-based-on-multiple-layers-of-graphene-ribbons
#20
Dingbo Chen, Junbo Yang, Jingjing Zhang, Jie Huang, Zhaojian Zhang
A novel metamaterial structure consisting of multiple graphene/dielectric layers and metallic substrate is proposed to achieve the broadband absorption response at terahertz (THz) frequencies. Utilizing the phase modulation effect generated by graphene ribbons, the bright-dark field is formed to suppress the reflection based on interference theory in a wide period. By irregularly stacking four graphene ribbons of varying widths on four dielectric layers with unequal thickness in a period, we merge successive absorption peaks into a broadband absorption spectrum successfully...
November 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
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