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Symptom management

Eva Kovacs, Anna-Janina Stephan, Amanda Phillips, Jörg Schelling, Ralf Strobl, Eva Grill
OBJECTIVES: Vertigo and dizziness are highly prevalent symptoms in primary care, frequently misdiagnosed. Based on a thorough need assessment, INDICORE (INform, DIagnose, COmmunicate, REfer), an evidence-based complex intervention has been developed to transfer knowledge of specialized tertiary clinics to primary care providers (PCPs), improve the referral process and, ultimately, improve functioning and quality of life of patients with vertigo/dizziness. The main objective of the PRIMA-Vertigo pilot study is to examine whether the INDICORE intervention is feasible and sufficiently promising to warrant a larger trial...
March 22, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Amanda Golembesky, Maureen Cooney, Rossen Boev, Anne-Françoise Schlit, Jürgen W G Bentz
Managing symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR) and urticaria in pregnant women is important to reduce complications and negative outcomes. The objective of this study was to provide information on the pregnancy outcomes of women exposed to the antihistamine cetirizine (CTZ). The UCB Pharma Patient Safety Database was searched for pregnancies up to 28 February 2015. Maternal CTZ exposure reports were extracted, and pregnancy outcomes were examined, including exposure, comorbidities and infant events. 228 of 522 pregnancies with maternal CTZ exposure had available outcomes; 49 were prospective...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Barbora Szonowská
Despite the advances in dialysis technology over the past decades, patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a high symptom burden, shortened survival and substantial physical, emotional and spiritual suffering. Number of frailty patients with advanced chronic kidney disease is growing and for many of them the beginning or continuation of dialysis is associated with a high risk of short-term mortality or worsening of functional status. Identifying these fragile patients and integrating palliative care into standard nephrological care improves patients quality of life and has the potential to prolong their lives without demanding dialysis treatment...
2018: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Wen-Yi Lee, Shu-Yu Kuo
The use of illegal drugs in Taiwan is on the rise. Drug addicts often have complex physical, psychological, and social problems. In addition, they often avoid disclosing their illicit drug use by deceit, concealment, or under-reporting. Building and maintaining relationships of trust with drug-addict patients has become a critical issue in achieving better care quality. In this case report, we report on an anesthesia care process for a heroin addict who was admitted for open reduction and internal fixation surgery for the femur and patella fractures after a car accident...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Deborah J Wiebe, Cynthia A Berg, Daniel Mello, Caitlin S Kelly
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper aims to examine how self-regulation (i.e., cognition, emotion) and social-regulation (i.e., parents, friends, romantic partners) are interrelated risk and protective factors for type 1 diabetes management during late adolescence and emerging adulthood. RECENT FINDINGS: Problems in cognitive (e.g., executive function) and emotional (e.g., depressive symptoms) self-regulation are associated with poorer management, both at the between- and within-person levels...
March 21, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
J J Brugts, G C M Linssen, A W Hoes, H P Brunner-La Rocca
AIMS: Data from patient registries give insight into the management of patients with heart failure (HF), but actual data from unselected real-world HF patients are scarce. Therefore, we performed a cross sectional study of current HF care in the period 2013-2016 among more than 10,000 unselected HF patients at HF outpatient clinics in the Netherlands. METHODS: In 34 participating centres, all 10,910 patients with chronic HF treated at cardiology centres were included in the CHECK-HF registry...
March 21, 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
I Gnass, S Krutter, N Nestler
BACKGROUND: People with cancer are increasingly supported by home care services. Pain is a relevant symptom of these diseases and nurses of home care services are involved in the treatment. The German National Expert Standard "Pain management in nursing" includes evidence-based recommendations for the implementation of adequate pain management. Considering the given structural conditions of home care services, nurses describe both barriers and challenges with the implementation...
March 21, 2018: Der Schmerz
Manpreet Singh, Natasha Gautam, Aniruddha Agarwal, Manpreet Kaur
Purpose: Primary lacrimal canaliculitis (PLC) is a unique disorder which often gets misdiagnosed by the general as well as speciality-trained ophthalmologists. Elderly patients with history of chronic or recurrent epiphora with discharge, often get mislead towards chronic dacryocystitis. The aim of our report is to discuss the misleading diseases in our PLC patients and to revisit this hidden disease. Methods: The patients of PLC who were previously misdiagnosed were studied...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Cheng Chen, Mukil Natarajan, David Bianchi, Georg Aue, John H Powers
We present a case of acute epiglottitis in a 16-year-old with severe aplastic anemia. He was admitted with a history suggestive of a severe upper airway infection and an absolute neutrophil count of 0 per cubic millimeter. Despite his immunocompromised state, he presented with the classical signs and symptoms of epiglottitis. We review here the presentation and comorbidities of immunocompromised patients with epiglottitis. In addition, the appropriate choice of empirical antibiotic therapy is important for the management of epiglottitis in immunocompromised patients, especially in the post- Haemophilus influenza type B vaccination era...
March 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Mohamed S ElGuindy, Ahmed M ElGuindy
Aneurysmal coronary artery disease (ACAD) comprises both coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) and coronary artery ectasia (CAE). The reported prevalence of ACAD varies widely from 0.2 to 10%, with male predominance and a predilection for the right coronary artery (RCA). Atherosclerosis is the commonest cause of ACAD in adults, while Kawasaki disease is the commonest cause in children and adolescents, as well as in the Far East. Most patients are asymptomatic, but when symptoms do exist, they are usually related to myocardial ischemia...
October 31, 2017: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
Algeri Paola, Rota Sonia Maria, Carlini Laura, Nicoli Elena, Caruso Orlando, Motta Teresio
Primary ovarian melanoma arising on a mature ovarian cystic teratoma is extremely rare. As best of our knowledge, to date, 49 cases have been reported in literature. Few information was reported about best management and therapy. We present a case occurred in a 69-year-old woman, without symptoms, who come to our unit for stress incontinence. A pelvic mass was detected and, after imaging evaluation, surgery was performed. The diagnosis was ovarian melanoma arose on a mature teratoma. No other adjuvant treatment was proposed after surgery...
March 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Joanne Rodrigues, Ramya Iyyadurai, Sowmya Sathyendra, Manjeera Jagannati, Kundavaram Paul Prabhakar Abhilash, Sudha Jasmine Rajan
Introduction: Iliopsoas abscess (IPA) is the collection of pus in the iliopsoas compartment. The etiology of IPA is variable and depends on the geographical area and the antibiotic usage prevalence in that area. This study attempts to evaluate the etiology, clinical features, risk factors, management modalities, and outcomes in patients with IPA from a tertiary care center in South India. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study done in a tertiary care center in South India...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Jessica Y Ng, Jennie Gu
Acute acalculous cholecystitis is an uncommon disease in children and is usually associated with trauma, burns, and infections. Whereas acute acalculous cholecystitis is only seen in 10% of cholecystitis in adults, it is uncommon in the paediatric population. A seven-year-old male presented to the emergency department of a regional hospital with a 36-hour history of right-upper-quadrant abdominal pain. He had associated symptoms of anorexia, nausea, and vomiting. He was septic with raised white cell count and inflammatory markers...
January 20, 2018: Curēus
Guang Hwi Kim, Hee Sung Lee, Sung Won Jung, Jae Gwang Lee, June Hee Lee, Kyung Jae Lee, Joo Ja Kim
Background: In modern society, the scale of the service industry is continuously expanding, and the number of service workers is increasing. Correspondingly, physical and mental problems related to emotional labor are becoming a major social problem. In this study, we investigated the relationship between emotional labor, workplace violence, and depressive symptoms in female bank employees, which is a typical service industry. Methods: In this study, the Korean Emotional Labor Scale (K-ELS) and Korean Workplace Violence Scale (K-WVS) were distributed to 381 female workers in their 20s at a bank in Seoul, Korea...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Sang Jun Song, Cheol Hee Park, Hu Liang, Sang Jun Kim
Noise in the knee joint is a common symptom that often leads to outpatient clinic visits. However, there have been no previous review articles regarding noise around the knee despite its high prevalence. We will review the noise characteristics according to sound nature and onset as well as factors for differentiation between physiological and pathological noises. In addition, we will describe causes of the physiological and pathological noises and management of noise in the knee. An appropriate review of the characteristics of noise, its pathophysiology, and factors for differentiation between physiological and pathological noises can facilitate patient guidance...
March 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Stephanie Weber, Christian Puta, Melanie Lesinski, Brunhild Gabriel, Thomas Steidten, Karl-Jürgen Bär, Marco Herbsleb, Urs Granacher, Holger H W Gabriel
Elite young athletes have to cope with multiple psychological demands such as training volume, mental and physical fatigue, spatial separation of family and friends or time management problems may lead to reduced mental and physical recovery. While normative data regarding symptoms of anxiety and depression for the general population is available (Hinz and Brähler, 2011), hardly any information exists for adolescents in general and young athletes in particular. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess overall symptoms of anxiety and depression in young athletes as well as possible sex differences...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Abdullah Alhuzaimi, Alwaleed Aljohar, Ahmad N Alhadi, Abdulqudous Aljenedil, Ahmad S Hersi
Purpose: Syncope is a common condition affecting almost one-third of the general population. The present study measures the prevalence of psychiatric traits in patients presenting with syncope (unexplained and vasovagal) and whether recurrent attacks have an impact on psychiatric profiles. Patients and methods: This is a case-control study in a tertiary hospital enrolling all patients aged ≥12 years with single or recurrent syncopal attacks. A self-reporting psychometric questionnaire (The Symptoms Checklist-90-Revised) was used to screen for depression, anxiety, somatization disorder, and phobia...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Domenico Careddu, Andrea Pettenazzo
Background: In numerous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews such as those published by the Cochrane Collaboration, Pelargonium sidoides extract EPs® 7630 was shown to be effective in acute respiratory tract infections (aRTI) in all investigated age-groups. This narrative review focuses on recently published results from RCTs investigating the clinical efficacy and safety of EPs 7630 in children and adolescents with different manifestations of aRTI, in order to present a broader overview and to provide an update on the state of knowledge regarding the use of EPs 7630 in this age-group...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Signe B Bentsen, Christine Miaskowski, Bruce A Cooper, Vivi L Christensen, Anne H Henriksen, Are M Holm, Tone Rustøen
Background: Few studies have examined changes in the pain experience of patients with COPD and predictors of pain in these patients. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to examine whether distinct groups of COPD patients could be identified based on changes in the occurrence and severity of pain over 12 months and to evaluate whether these groups differed on demographic, clinical, and pain characteristics, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Patients and methods: A longitudinal study of 267 COPD patients with very severe COPD was conducted...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Antonio José Mateo Orobia, Jorge Saa, Alberto Ollero Lorenzo, José María Herreras
Background: Dry Eye Disease (DED) is a multifactorial disease, with a high prevalence, that can have a great impact on the quality of life of patients. The first step of treatment includes the use of lacrimal substitutes composed of polymers, possible to associate osmoprotectant agents to the lacrimal substitutes. The aim of this article is to analyze the properties of the combination of hyaluronic acid (HA), carmellose, and osmoprotectors (Optava Fusion® ; Allergan, Inc., Irvine, CA, USA) on DED...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
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