keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Zoster

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722366/-large-vessel-vasculitis-pathogenesis-diagnostic-and-medical-management
#1
Alireza Sadrkhah, Jörg D Seebach, Yannick Muller
Large vessels vasculitis includes two diseases : 1) giant cell arteritis, formerly known as Horton's arteritis and 2) Takayasu arteritis. In this article, we will describe and compare the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnostic criteria and medical management of both vasculitis. T helper (Th) 1 and Th17 responses, genetic links and the role of viral (varicella zoster) and bacterial infection (Mycoplasma pneumoniae or Chlamydia pneumoniae) will be discussed. Classification criteria, inflammation biomarkers and progress in imaging tools will also be described...
April 5, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720638/a-case-of-shingles-following-auricular-acupuncture
#2
Steven A Kewish
This is a case report of an occurrence of shingles (herpes zoster [HZ]) following auricular acupuncture. The patient developed acute reactivation HZ in the V1 distribution of the right trigeminal nerve involving the forehead, scalp, and medial upper eyelid 13 days after being treated with auricular acupuncture for chronic low-back pain. The lesions were initially painless, but they clustered and became painful within 2 days. The patient was treated with oral valacyclovir 1000 mg, 3 times daily for 7 days, and ibuprofen as needed...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720190/clinical-herpes-zoster-in-antarctica-as-a-model-for-spaceflight
#3
David P Reyes, Alaina A Brinley, Rebecca S Blue, Stephen K Gruschkus, Andrew T Allen, Scott E Parazynski
INTRODUCTION: Antarctica is a useful analog for spaceflight, as both environments are remote, isolated, and with limited resources. While previous studies have demonstrated increased asymptomatic viral shedding in both the Antarctic and spaceflight environments, clinical manifestations of reactivated viral disease have been less frequently identified. We sought to identify the incidence of clinical herpes zoster from viral reactivation in the Antarctic winter-over population. METHODS: Medical records from the 2014 winter season were reviewed for the incidence of zoster in U...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718113/-stroke-and-myocardial-infarction-after-herpes-zoster
#4
REVIEW
Peter Wutzler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714180/tofacitinib-for-the-treatment-of-moderate-to-severe-chronic-plaque-psoriasis-in-japanese-patients-subgroup-analyses-from-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-phase-3-trial
#5
Masatoshi Abe, Chikako Nishigori, Hideshi Torii, Hironobu Ihn, Kei Ito, Makoto Nagaoka, Naoki Isogawa, Isao Kawaguchi, Yukiko Tomochika, Mihoko Kobayashi, Anna M Tallman, Kim A Papp
Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor. These post-hoc analyses assessed tofacitinib efficacy and safety in Japanese patients with psoriasis enrolled in a 52-week global phase 3 study. Patients received tofacitinib 5 mg, tofacitinib 10 mg or placebo twice daily (b.i.d.); placebo-treated patients advanced to tofacitinib at week 16. Primary efficacy end-points were the proportions of patients with 75% or more reduction from baseline Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI-75) and Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) of "clear" or "almost clear" (PGA response) at week 16...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712474/postherpetic-neuralgia-practical-experiences-return-to-traditional-chinese-medicine
#6
REVIEW
Majid Avijgan, Seyedeh Tahoora Hajzargarbashi, Aliasghar Kamran, Mahtab Avijgan
Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a complication of herpes zoster that can cause different types of pain in the affected area. It often occurs mainly in severe cases of herpes zoster. The problem is defined as a persisting pain for 90-120 days after relieving of acute phase of herpes lesions. This complication causes suffering in patients and reduces the quality of life. In western medicine's viewpoints, PHN is due to disturbance in local and dermatomal nerves. There are several topical and systemic drugs that are used to manage the pain relief...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711084/herpes-zoster-in-psoriasis-patients-treated-with-tofacitinib
#7
Kevin L Winthrop, Mark Lebwohl, Arnon D Cohen, Jeffrey M Weinberg, Stephen K Tyring, Scott T Rottinghaus, Pankaj Gupta, Kaori Ito, Huaming Tan, Mandeep Kaur, Alexander Egeberg, Lotus Mallbris, Hernan Valdez
BACKGROUND: Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor. Immunomodulatory therapies can increase the risk for herpes zoster (HZ) in patients with psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between tofacitinib use and HZ risk. METHODS: We used phases 2 and 3 and long-term extension (LTE) data from the tofacitinib development program in psoriasis to calculate HZ incidence rates (IR; events per 100 patient-years); potential HZ risk factors were evaluated using Cox-proportional hazard models...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708959/assessment-of-the-potential-public-health-impact-of-herpes-zoster-vaccination-in-germany
#8
Desmond Curran, Desirée Van Oorschot, Lijoy Varghese, Lidia Oostvogels, Tomas Mrkvan, Romulo Colindres, Alfred von Krempelhuber, Anastassia Anastassopoulou
The aim of this study was to compare the public health impact of introducing two Herpes Zoster (HZ) vaccines, Zoster Vaccine Live (ZVL) versus a non-live adjuvanted subunit candidate vaccine (HZ/su), in the German population aged 50+ years split into three age cohorts, i.e. 50-59, 60-69 and 70+ years, respectively. A multi-cohort static Markov model was developed following age cohorts over their lifetime. Demographic data were obtained from the German federal statistical office. HZ incidence and the proportion of HZ individuals developing post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) were derived from German specific sources...
July 14, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707638/mimicking-rashes-use-of-moulage-technique-in-undergraduate-assessment-at-the-aga-khan-university-karachi
#9
Saniya Raghib Sabzwari, Azam Afzal, Kashmira Nanji
BACKGROUND: The use of simulated patients in student assessment is supported by the Best Evidence Medical Education and U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and it provides a safe and effective alternative to real patients in many situations. To assess the validity and feasibility of moulage technique-where a cosmetically constructed rash is used on simulated patients-two dermatologic rashes were developed using moulage simulation on standardized patients at Aga Khan University Hospital for 3rd year medical summative Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705842/facial-palsy-and-atrial-fibrillation-a-special-case-of-ramsay-hunt-syndrome
#10
Fares Ayoub, Dhruv Mahtta, Roland-Austin Federico, Michael Kaufmann
Ramsay Hunt syndrome (herpes zoster oticus) is a rare complication of latent Varicella Zoster virus infection. It can be complicated by permanent hearing loss, loss of taste and postherpetic neuralgia. Although Ramsay Hunt syndrome most prominently involves the facial nerve, a number of other cranial nerves can be involved such as the vestibulocochlear, glossopharyngeal and the vagus nerve. We report on a case of Ramsay Hunt syndrome with cranial polyneuritis complicated by atrial fibrillation. Vagal involvement as evidenced by physical examination and MRI findings was present in our patient...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705150/economic-burden-of-varicella-in-children-1-12%C3%A2-years-of-age-in-hungary-2011-2015
#11
Z Meszner, Z Molnar, E Rampakakis, H K Yang, B J Kuter, Lara J Wolfson
BACKGROUND: Although live-attenuated varicella-zoster virus (VZV) vaccines have been proven to be safe and effective in preventing varicella and real-word evidence shows routine childhood immunization programs are effective in dramatically reducing varicella associated morbidity and mortality, varicella vaccine is not included in the National Immunization Program (NIP) in Hungary. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and economic burden associated with varicella in Hungary...
July 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701089/increased-risk-of-herpes-zoster-in-patients-with-coeliac-disease-nationwide-cohort-study
#12
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Rok Seon Choung, Eric V Marietta, Joseph A Murray, Louise Emilsson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Clinical experience suggests that patients with coeliac disease (CD) are more prone to develop herpes zoster (HZ), but robust studies are lacking. METHODS: We identified 29,064 patients with CD 1969-2008 using biopsy report data from Sweden's 28 pathology departments. CD was equalled to villous atrophy (Marsh histopathology grade III). Each patient was matched on age, sex, calendar year and county of residence to up to five reference individuals ( n=144,342) from the general population...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698046/simian-varicella-virus-causes-robust-transcriptional-changes-in-t-cells-that-support-viral-replication
#13
Nicole Arnold, Ilhem Messaoudi
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes varicella (chickenpox) during acute infection. Several studies have shown that T cells are early and preferential targets of VZV infection that play a critical role in disseminating VZV in to the skin and ganglia. However, the transcriptional changes that occur in VZV-infected T cells remain unclear due to limited access to clinical samples and robust translational animal models. In this study, we used a nonhuman primate model of VZV infection where rhesus macaques are infected with the closely related Simian Varicella Virus (SVV) to provide novel insights into VZV-T cell interactions...
July 8, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689961/pregabalin-reduces-cisplatin-induced-mechanical-allodynia-in-rats
#14
Yoshihiro Seto, Miyuki Takase, Yasuhiro Tsuji, Hideto To
Although cisplatin (CDDP) is a key drug in cancer chemotherapy, CDDP-induced peripheral neuropathy is a dose-limiting factor. We previously reported that CDDP-induced peripheral neuropathy, which progressed from allodynia to hypoalgesia, was ameliorated by the administration of CDDP to rats at a specific time. However, mechanical allodynia cannot be prevented therapeutically. Pregabalin (PGN) is used to suppress neuropathic pain from herpes zoster and diabetes. Therefore, we investigated the effects of PGN on CDDP-induced mechanical allodynia in rats...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684923/bilateral-herpes-zoster-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-kidney-disease
#15
Tetsu Akimoto, Shigeaki Muto, Daisuke Nagata
Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by the reactivation of a latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection within the cranial or dorsal root ganglia. The cutaneous lesions of HZ are typically limited to a single dermatome, while non-contiguous HZ involving two or more dermatomes is a very rare clinical entity. In this report, we describe a case of HZ involving the left and right side of the abdomen corresponding to the T11 dermatome in a 63-year-old man on chronic peritoneal dialysis. The characteristic cutaneous manifestation encouraged us to ascribe the disease to HZ duplex bilateralis, and the patient was given a single dose of oral valacyclovir and achieved a favorable outcome...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684648/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-patients-aged-50-years-or-above-towards-herpes-zoster-in-an-out-patient-setting
#16
A Cy Lam, M Y Chan, H Y Chou, S Y Ho, H L Li, C Y Lo, K F Shek, S Y To, K K Yam, I Yeung
INTRODUCTION: There has been limited research on the knowledge of and attitudes about herpes zoster in the Hong Kong population. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of patients aged 50 years or above towards herpes zoster and its vaccination. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in the format of a structured questionnaire interview carried out in Sai Ying Pun Jockey Club General Outpatient Clinic in Hong Kong. Knowledge of herpes zoster and its vaccination was assessed, and patient attitudes to and concerns about the disease were evaluated...
July 7, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683106/cytomegalovirus-infection-in-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-individuals-is-characterized-by-circulating-regulatory-t-cells-of-unconstrained-antigenic-specificity
#17
Adriana Tovar-Salazar, Adriana Weinberg
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is associated with immune-suppression in immune-compromised hosts and old adults. We previously showed that ex vivo CMV restimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of CMV-seropositive volunteers expanded CD4+CD27-CD28- regulatory T cells (Tregs). Here we evaluate the phenotype and function of circulating CD4+CD27-CD28- T cells of CMV-seropositive adults. Compared with CMV-seronegative, CMV-seropositive adults had 10-fold higher CD4+CD27-CD28-% T cells in PBMC. Circulating CD4+CD27-CD28- T cells from both CMV-seropositive and seronegative donors expressed higher levels of TGFβ, granzyme B, CD39, CD147 and IL-35, and lower levels of CD127, compared with their parent circulating CD4+ T cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682067/expanding-the-antiviral-spectrum-of-3-fluoro-2-phosphonomethoxy-propyl-acyclic-nucleoside-phosphonates-diamyl-aspartate-amidate-prodrugs
#18
Min Luo, Elisabetta Groaz, Graciela Andrei, Robert Snoeck, Raj Kalkeri, Roger G Ptak, Tracy Hartman, Robert W Buckheit, Dominique Schols, Steven De Jonghe, Piet Herdewijn
Acyclic nucleosides containing a 3-fluoro-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl (FPMP) side chain are known to be moderately potent antihuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV) agents, while being completely devoid of antiviral activity against a wide range of DNA viruses. The derivatization of the phosphonic acid functionality of FPMPs with a diamyl aspartate phenoxyamidate group led to a novel generation of compounds that not only demonstrate drastically improved antiretroviral potency but also are characterized by an expanded spectrum of activity that also covers hepatitis B and herpes viruses...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681577/tuberculous-meningitis-mimicking-varicella-zoster-meningitis
#19
Sun In Hong, Taeeun Kim, Jiwon Jung, Se Yoon Park, Yong Pil Chong, Sang Oh Lee, Sang Ho Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Sang Ahm Lee, Sung Han Kim
BACKGROUND: Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is one of the most common etiologies of aseptic meningitis. The severest manifestation of VZV meningitis is occasionally confused with tuberculous meningitis (TBM). Thus, we investigated the clinical manifestations of VZV meningitis as compared with those of TBM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All adult patients who were diagnosed with VZV meningitis or TBM were enrolled at a tertiary hospital in Seoul, South Korea, during an 8-year period...
June 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681394/amenamevir-a-novel-helicase-primase-inhibitor-for-treatment-of-herpes-zoster-a-randomized-double-blind-valaciclovir-controlled-phase-3-study
#20
Makoto Kawashima, Osamu Nemoto, Mariko Honda, Daisuke Watanabe, Juichiro Nakayama, Shinichi Imafuku, Toshiyuki Kato, Tsuneo Katsuramaki
Amenamevir is a potent helicase-primase inhibitor and a novel class of antiviral agent other than nucleoside compounds, such as aciclovir, valaciclovir and famciclovir. This study is the first randomized, double-blind, valaciclovir-controlled phase 3 study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of amenamevir in Japanese patients with herpes zoster when treated within 72 h after onset of rash. A total of 751 patients were randomly assigned to receive either amenamevir 400 mg or 200 mg p.o. once daily or valaciclovir 1000 mg three times daily (daily dose, 3000 mg) for 7 days...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
keyword
keyword
15696
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"