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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800000/spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-coexisting-guillan-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-in-a-child-a-case-report
#1
Chi Hyung Lee, Geun Sung Song, Young Ha Kim, Dong Wuk Son, Sang Weon Lee
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) has been reported as a rare cause of spinal cord compression, especially in children. Clinical features are usually nonspecific, although cervicothoracic location of hematoma could be presented with progressive paraplegia. Guillian-Barré syndrome (GBS) is clinically defined as an acute peripheral neuropathy causing progressive limb weakness. Because SSEH and GBS have very similar signs and symptoms, SSEH could be misdiagnosed as GBS. Nevertheless, they can be presented together...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721110/an-updated-review-of-zika-virus
#2
Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Ahmed Negida, Hussien Ahmed
The current outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) in South America is one of the most serious public health emergencies since the Ebola outbreak of West Africa [2014]. ZIKV belongs to the flaviviridae family and has two lineages (Asian and African). The virus was first discovered in Uganda [1947] and the first human infection was identified in Nigeria [1952]. The current epidemic is the third of its type after that of Yap Island, Micronesia [2007] and French Polynesia [2013]. Phylogenetic studies revealed that the current strain shares about 99...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477576/guillan-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-following-scrub-typus-two-case-reports
#3
Katsuya Sakai, Nobuyuki Ishii, Yuka Ebihara, Hitoshi Mochizuki, Kazutaka Shiomi, Masamitsu Nakazato
Case 1: A 66-year-old man was admitted because of progressive gait disturbance and dysphagia after developing red rash. He was diagnosed as Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and treated by intravenous immunoglobulin therapy (IVIg). Two weeks later, he could swallow and walk without any abnormalities. Case 2: A 58-year-old woman was admitted because of gait disturbance, bilateral peripheral facial nerve palsies, and respiratory failure one week after developing fever and rash. She was diagnosed as GBS and treated with IVIg...
August 31, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26266339/the-usefulness-of-immunotherapy-in-pediatric-neurodegenerative-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-literature-data
#4
REVIEW
Giovanna Vitaliti, Omidreza Tabatabaie, Nassim Matin, Caterina Ledda, Piero Pavone, Riccardo Lubrano, Agostino Serra, Paola Di Mauro, Salvatore Cocuzza, Raffaele Falsaperla
Immunotherapeutic strategies to treat neurodegenerative disorders have inspired the scientific community. The aim of our review is to address the translational aspects of neuroimmunology to describe the efficacy of immunotherapy in the treatment of pediatric neurodegenerative disorders. In the studies we analyzed IVIG were found to be efficient in the treatment of post-streptococcal neurodegenerative disorders, even if in PANDAS, plasma-exchange (PE) showed a higher efficiency. IVIG were also successfully used in ADEM and Guillan-Barré syndrome...
2015: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25955374/about-an-unusual-association-of-guillan-barre-syndrome-and-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#5
Hafaoua Daghfous, Haifa Zaibi, Fatma Tritar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25926070/simulation-in-neurology
#6
Giuseppe Micieli, Anna Cavallini, Paola Santalucia, Gianfranco Gensini
Simulation is a frontier for disseminating knowledge in almost all the fields of medicine and it is attracting growing interest because it offers a means of developing new teaching and training models, as well as of verifying what has been learned in a critical setting that simulates clinical practice. The role of simulation in neurology, until now limited by the obvious physical limitations of the dummies used to train students and learners, is now increasing since, today, it allows anamnestic data to be related to the instrumental evidence necessary for diagnosis and therapeutic decision-making, i...
October 2015: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25207134/a-rare-form-of-guillan-barre-syndrome-a-child-diagnosed-with-anti-gd1a-and-anti-gd1b-positive-pharyngeal-cervical-brachial-variant
#7
Metin Uysalol, Burak Tatlı, Nedret Uzel, Agop Cıtak, Erhan Aygün, Semra Kayaoğlu
BACKGROUND: Pharyngeal-cervical-brachial (PCB) variant is a rare form of Guillan-Barre Syndrome (GBS). Antibodies against other membrane proteins like GM1b and GD1a have been found only in a small number of patients with Guillan Barre syndrome variant. CASE REPORT: Here, we report a 5.5 year-old boy diagnosed early with positive GD1a and GD1b gangliosides of Guillan-Barre syndrome pharyngeal cervical-Brachial variant, who improved and recovered fully in a short period...
September 2013: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24531178/guillain-barre-syndrome-in-an-hiv-1-infected-patient-after-the-beginning-of-combined-antiretroviral-therapy-an-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome
#8
Alessandra Fantauzzi, Maria Anna Digiulio, Eugenio Nelson Cavallari, Gabriella d'Ettorre, Vincenzo Vullo, Ivano Mezzaroma
HIV-1-associated Guillan-Barre syndrome (hGBS) is an ascendant progressive polyradiculoneuropathy described throughout the course of the viral disease, mainly associated with the acute retroviral syndrome. HGBS is occasionally described in severely immunocompromised subjects in the context of the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. The case described occurred soon after the start of a combined antiretroviral treatment in an HIV-1 infected patient with ulcerative colitis in the absence of severe immunosuppression...
January 2014: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23440755/-electrodiagnostic-criteria-for-childhood-guillain-barre-syndrome-eight-years-experience
#9
Pilar Lopez-Esteban, Isabel Gallego, Victoria Gil-Ferrer
INTRODUCTION. The Guillan-Barre syndrome is the most frequent case of acute flacid paralysis in children. The diagnostic criteria differ according to the demyelinating or axonal variant and the prevalence by geographical area. The electro-myographic study permits identifying variants, evaluating the prognosis and predicting the evolution, is in addition an objective tool for the monitoring. AIM. To describe the electromyographic characteristics of the Guillain-Barre syndrome evaluated in hospital and its classification by physiopathological pattern...
March 1, 2013: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22693978/a-case-of-scrotal-swelling-mimicking-testicular-torsion-preceding-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-vasculitis
#10
C Akgun
Henoch-Schönlein purpura, is one of the most common types of multisystemic vasculitis seen in childhood. The major clinical manifestations are cutaneous purpura, arthritis, abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, and nephritis. Isolated central nervous system vasculitis, seizures, coma and hemorrhage, Guillan--Barré syndrome, ataxia and central and peripheral neuropathy, ocular involvement, orchitis, epididymitis or testicular torsion are medical or surgical complications. In this study, we report a 7-year-old boy with scrotal swelling mimicking testicular torsion with ultrasonographic and clinical findings that the typical clinical features of Henoch-Schönlein purpura including rashes and arthritis were developed after one week of surgery (Ref...
2012: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22359705/clinical-characteristics-of-childhood-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#11
Roshan Koul, Amna Al-Futaisi, Alexander Chacko, Mohammed Fazalullah, Susan Al Nabhani, Salah Al-Awaidy, Suleiman Al-Busaidy, Salim Al-Mahrooqi
OBJECTIVES: To find the incidence, clinical pattern and outcome of Guillain-Barre syndrome in the Sultanate of Oman in children less than 15 years of age. METHODS: All children under fifteen years with acute flaccid paralysis were admitted to identify the underlying cause. The diagnosis of Gullain Barre syndrome was made by clinical criteria, cerebrospinal fluid findings and nerve conduction studies. Intravenous immunoglobulins were given to all and two needed plasmapharesis...
July 2008: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21907257/monitoring-the-safety-of-quadrivalent-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-findings-from-the-vaccine-safety-datalink
#12
Julianne Gee, Allison Naleway, Irene Shui, James Baggs, Ruihua Yin, Rong Li, Martin Kulldorff, Edwin Lewis, Bruce Fireman, Matthew F Daley, Nicola P Klein, Eric S Weintraub
BACKGROUND: In 7 large managed care organizations (MCOs), we performed a post-licensure safety assessment of quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV4) among 9-26 year-old female vaccine recipients between August 2006 and October 2009. METHODS: Sequential analyses were conducted weekly to detect associations between HPV4 exposure and pre-specified outcomes. The pre-specified outcomes identified by ICD-9 codes using computerized data at the participating MCOs included: Guillan-Barré Syndrome (GBS), stroke, venous thromboembolism (VTE), appendicitis, seizures, syncope, allergic reactions, and anaphylaxis...
October 26, 2011: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21651733/clinical-features-complications-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-with-2009-influenza-a-h1n1-in-sfax-tunisia
#13
Hassen Damak, Kamilia Chtara, Mabrouk Bahloul, Hatem Kallel, Anis Chaari, Hichem Ksibi, Adel Chaari, Hedi Chelly, Noureddine Rekik, Chokri Ben Hamida, Mounir Bouaziz
PURPOSE: Africa, as the rest of the world, was touched by the 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1). In the literature, a few publications covering this subject emerged from this continent. We prospectively describe baseline characteristics, treatment and outcomes of consecutive critically ill patients with confirmed 2009 influenza A(H1N1) in the intensive care unit (ICU) of Sfax hospital. METHODS: From 29 November 2009 through 21 January 2010, 32 patients with confirmed 2009 influenza A(H1N1) were admitted to our ICU...
July 2011: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20562460/poems-syndrome-with-guillan-barre-syndrome-like-acute-onset-a-case-report-and-review-of-neurological-progression-in-30-cases
#14
S Isose, S Misawa, K Kanai, K Shibuya, Y Sekiguchi, S Nasu, Y Fujimaki, Y Noto, C Nakaseko, S Kuwabara
POEMS (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein and skin changes) syndrome is a rare cause of demyelinating neuropathy with monoclonal plasma cell proliferation, and POEMS neuropathy is usually chronically progressive. Herein, the authors report a 34-year-old woman with POEMS syndrome presenting as acute polyneuropathy. Within 2 weeks of disease onset, she became unable to walk with electrodiagnostic features of demyelination and was initially diagnosed as having Guillan-Barré syndrome. Other systemic features (oedema and skin changes) developed later, and an elevated serum level of vascular endothelial growth factor led to the diagnosis of POEMS syndrome...
June 2011: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20064039/mandatory-influenza-vaccination-of-health-care-workers-translating-policy-to-practice
#15
Hilary M Babcock, Nancy Gemeinhart, Marilyn Jones, W Claiborne Dunagan, Keith F Woeltje
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination of health care workers has been recommended since 1984. Multiple strategies to enhance vaccination rates have been suggested, but national rates have remained low. METHODS: BJC HealthCare is a large Midwestern health care organization with approximately 26,000 employees. Because organizational vaccination rates remained below target levels, influenza vaccination was made a condition of employment for all employees in 2008. Medical or religious exemptions could be requested...
February 15, 2010: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20061709/nephrotic-syndrome-and-guillan-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-a-rare-association-in-child
#16
Olfa Bouyahia, Ibtissem Khelifi, Lamia Gharsallah, Kais Harzallah, Sonia Mazigh Mrad, Tahar Ghargah, Samir Boukthir, Sammoud El Gharbi Azza
Only few cases of nephrotic syndrome associated with Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) have been reported in the adult and pediatric literature. A 3-year-old boy was initially admitted to our hospital following five days of progressive weakness of his extremities, fatigue, right leg pain and numbness. There was no past history of renal or neurological disease. Cerebro-spinal fluid studies showed a protein level of 92 mg/dL and a white cell count of 1 per high-power field. The diagnosis of GBS was verified with a nerve conduction velocity test as well as...
January 2010: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19813106/one-thing-leads-to-another-gbs-complicated-by-pres-and-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy
#17
Jennifer E Fugate, Eelco F Wijdicks, Gautam Kumar, Alejandro A Rabinstein
BACKGROUND: To describe a patient with Guillane-Barré syndrome (GBS), posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and takotsubo cardiomyopathy, and in doing so, to postulate a new mechanism for hypotension in the setting of dysautonomia in GBS. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: We report an 82-year-old woman who presented with bilateral lower extremity weakness and back pain following an upper respiratory viral illness. Within 4 days she became markedly hypertensive and developed status epilepticus...
December 2009: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19530565/-walking-assist-robot-and-its-clinical-application
#18
Hiroaki Kakou, Hideo Shitama, Yoshiko Kimura, Yoko Nakamoto, Nami Furuta, Kanae Honda, Futoshi Wada, Kenji Hachisuka
The walking assist robot was developed to improve gait disturbance in patients with severe disabilities. The robot had a trunk supporter, power generator and operating arms which held patient's lower extremities and simulated walking, a control unit, biofeedback system, and a treadmill. We applied the robot-aided gait training to three patients with severe gait disturbance induced by stroke, axonal Guillan-Barré syndrome or spinal cord injury, and the walking assist robot turned out to be effective in improving the gait disturbance...
June 1, 2009: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19521072/plasma-exchange-therapy-in-steroid-unresponsive-relapses-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Corinna Trebst, Ansgar Reising, Jan T Kielstein, Carsten Hafer, Martin Stangel
BACKGROUND: Plasma exchange (PE) is well established for conditions such as rapid progressive vasculitis associated with autoantibodies against neutrophil cytoplasmic antigens (ANCA), anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibody disease, or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Also, several neurological disorders, such as acute worsening in myasthenia gravis, Guillan-Barré syndrome (GBS) and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), can successfully be treated with PE...
2009: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19421688/modelling-of-human-walking-to-optimise-the-function-of-ankle-foot-orthosis-in-guillan-barr%C3%A3-patients-with-drop-foot
#20
N Jamshidi, M Rostami, S Najarian, M B Menhaj, M Saadatnia, S Firooz
INTRODUCTION: This paper deals with the dynamic modelling of human walking. The main focus of this research was to optimise the function of the orthosis in patients with neuropathic feet, based on the kinematics data from different categories of neuropathic patients. METHODS: The patient's body on the sagittal plane was modelled for calculating the torques generated in joints. The kinematics data required for mathematical modelling of the patients were obtained from the films of patients captured by high speed camera, and then the films were analysed through a motion analysis software...
April 2009: Singapore Medical Journal
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