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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917711/crocodiles-and-alligators-antiamoebic-and-antitumor-compounds-of-crocodiles
#1
Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Shareni Jeyamogan, Salwa Mansoor Ali, Fatima Abbas, K A Sagathevan, Naveed Ahmed Khan
Crocodiles exist in unsanitary environments, feed on rotten meat, are often exposed to heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium, cobalt, chromium, mercury, nickel, lead, selenium, tolerate high levels of radiation, and are amid the very few species to survive the catastrophic Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event, nonetheless they can live for up to a 100 years. Moreover, as they live in unhygienic conditions, they regularly come across pathogens. Logically, we postulate that crocodiles have established mechanisms to defend themselves from noxious agents as well as protecting themselves from pathogens...
September 13, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901968/medical-comorbidity-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-with-special-focus-on-cardiometabolic-autoimmune-hepatic-and-cancer-diseases-an-updated-review
#2
Dorte Glintborg, Marianne Andersen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is defined by hyperandrogenism, irregular menses and polycystic ovaries when other causes are excluded. The possible implication of increased morbidity in PCOS for screening and follow-up is uncertain and is reviewed in this article. RECENT FINDINGS: The increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in PCOS is closely associated with BMI. Women with PCOS should be screened for the elements of the metabolic syndrome upon diagnosis...
September 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893260/long-lasting-complete-response-status-of-advanced-stage-iv-gall-bladder-cancer-and-colon-cancer-after-combined-treatment-including-autologous-formalin-fixed-tumor-vaccine-two-case-reports
#3
Yuki Imaoka, Fumito Kuranishi, Tsubasa Miyazaki, Hiroko Yasuda, Tadao Ohno
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of advanced (stage IV) cancer of the digestive organs is very poor. We have previously reported a case of advanced breast cancer with bone metastasis that was successfully treated with combined treatments including autologous formalin-fixed tumor vaccine (AFTV). Herein, we report the success of this approach in advanced stage IV (heavily metastasized) cases of gall bladder cancer and colon cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1: A 61-year-old woman with stage IV gall bladder cancer (liver metastasis and lymph node metastasis) underwent surgery in May 2011, including partial resection of the liver...
September 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892903/immunohistochemical-study-of-muc1-and-muc5ac-expression-in-gall-bladder-lesions
#4
Amit Bhoge, Siddhi Gaurish Sinai Khandeparkar, Avinash R Joshi, Bageshri Gogate, Maithili Mandar Kulkarni, Pallavi Bhayekar
INTRODUCTION: Immunohistochemical (IHC) markers of mucin family are associated with various Gallbladder Lesions (GBLs). AIM: To study the distribution of GBL with respect to age and sex as well as to analyse the IHC profile of MUC1 and MUC5AC in GBLs and attempt correlation with clinical and histopathological findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted over a period of six years. A technique of manual tissue array was employed for cases subjected to IHC using MUC1 and MUC5AC...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839322/breast-cancer-in-a-patient-with-kindlers-syndrome
#5
Itrat Mehdi, Bassim Jaffar Al Bahrani, Taha Mohsin Al Lawati, Zahid Al Mandhari, Fatima Ramadhan Al Lawati
Breast Cancer (BC) has associated risk factors and genetic factors like BRCA1, and BRCA2. Many benign and malignant disease processes are found concurrently with BC and believed to be additional risk factors like gall bladder stones (cholelithiasis), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebrovascular lesions, arthritis, spine and spinal cord degenerative lesions, infertility, depression, sleep disturbances, obesity, autoimmune diseases (SLE), and thyroid diseases. There are some malignant disease associations like synchronous or metachronous ovarian, colonic and endometrial tumours with Breast cancer...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732370/silibinin-an-old-drug-for-hematological-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Hai Zou, Xing-Xing Zhu, Guo-Bing Zhang, Yuan Ma, Yi Wu, Dong-Sheng Huang
Silibinin (silybin), a non-toxic natural polyphenolic flavonoid, is the principal and the most biologically active component of silymarin. It is efficient in the treatment of acute and chronic liver disorders caused by toxins, drug, alcohol, hepatitis, and gall bladder disorders. Further, in our previous studies, we explored the anti-cancer efficacy in common cancers, such as lung, prostatic, colon, breast, bladder, as well as, hepatocellular carcinoma. Interestingly, silibinin is still not solely limited to the treatment of these diseases...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663675/synchronous-gall-bladder-and-bile-duct-cancer-a-short-series-of-seven-cases-and-a-brief-review-of-literature
#7
Harshal Rajekar
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous presence of cancer in the gall bladder and in the biliary tree could be due to local spread, metastases, de novo multifocal origin, or as part of a field change. In the past, such an association has been described in patients with anomalous pancreatico-biliary ductal junction. AIMS: We studied seven consecutive patients with simultaneous gall bladder and bile duct malignancy with a view to identify the best way to treat them, and if possible to hypothesize the etiopathogenesis...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658893/salvage-surgery-for-metastatic-gall-bladder-cancer-with-vanishing-liver-metastasis-following-palliative-5-fluorouracil-metronomic-chemotherapy
#8
Rdr Somasekar, Obla Naganathbabu, Raju Prabhakaran, Murugaiyan Gnanasekar, Devy Gounder Kannan
Gall Bladder Cancer (GBC) is an aggressive malignancy. The prognosis of metastatic GBC is dismal. Until recently, there are no standard treatment guidelines for management of patients with metastatic GBC. But the ultimate aim of any treatment modality is to improve the overall survival with good quality of life. We hereby report a long term survivor of metastatic GBC treated with initial six cycles of gemcitabine + cisplatin combination chemotherapy, but did not show any response. In view of chemotoxicity and as a matter of physician preference patient was started on low dose weekly 5- Fluorouracil monotherapy based on a metronomic chemotherapy principle...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571228/imaging-evaluation-of-enhancement-patterns-of-flat-gall-bladder-wall-thickening-and-its-correlation-with-clinical-and-histopathological-findings
#9
Manoj Mathur, Jasvir Singh, Devinder Pal Singh, Navneet Kaur, Saryu Gupta, Samrin Haq
INTRODUCTION: Gall bladder Wall Thickening (GWT) is caused by wide spectrum of diseases. Initially Ultrasound (USG) was used as imaging modality for screening of acute abdomen because of its high sensitivity and real time character. Now, Computed Tomography (CT) is used because of its high temporal and spatial resolution. AIM: Evaluation of GWT and its enhancement patterns on contrast enhanced CT scan in a bid to differentiate benign from malignant causes and to correlate the imaging features with clinical and histopathological findings...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511430/study-on-the-relation-between-colorectal-cancer-and-gall-bladder-disease
#10
Siddharth Gosavi, R Rama Mishra, Vsm Praveen Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is cancer of the large intestine, the lower part of digestive system which includes the sigmoid colon and rectum. AIM: To study the relation of incidence of colorectal cancer with previous gall bladder disease or post-cholecystectomy status, a relation between gall bladder disease and smoking in particular and the most common region of colon involved in colorectal cancer in gall bladder disease and non-gall bladder disease patients...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480076/treatment-of-advanced-gall-bladder-cancer-in-the-real-world-can-continuation-chemotherapy-improve-outcomes
#11
Vikas Ostwal, Rakesh Pinninti, Anant Ramaswamy, Nitin Shetty, Mahesh Goel, Shraddha Patkar, Jimmy Mirani, Chaitali Nashikkar, Shripad Banavali
BACKGROUND: Gemcitabine-Platinum doublet chemotherapy is the standard of care in patients with locally advanced inoperable and metastatic (LA/M) Gall bladder cancers (GBC). METHODS: Consecutive patients with LA/M GBC treated with Gemcitabine-Cisplatin (GC) or Gemcitabine-Oxaliplatin (GO) as first line palliative chemotherapy from January 2013 to June 2015 were retrospectively analysed. Patients who were able to continue chemotherapy beyond 6-8 cycles were separately compared to those who were potential candidates for this approach, but chose not to continue chemotherapy...
April 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480069/adjuvant-therapy-in-biliary-tract-and-gall-bladder-carcinomas-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Roshan S Prabhu, Jimmy Hwang
Biliary tract carcinomas are relatively rare, but are increasingly diagnosed. They comprise several anatomically contiguous sites, so are often grouped together, but they do appear to represent distinct diseases, in part because of anatomical and surgical considerations. Complete upfront surgical resection is generally difficult because these cancers are often diagnosed at relatively advanced stages of disease. Thus, adjuvant therapy is often considered. This paper will review the evidence underpinning current recommendations for adjuvant therapy in biliary carcinomas...
April 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455439/cancer-incidence-attributable-to-excess-body-weight-in-alberta-in-2012
#13
Darren R Brenner, Abbey E Poirier, Anne Grundy, Farah Khandwala, Alison McFadden, Christine M Friedenreich
BACKGROUND: Excess body weight has been consistently associated with colorectal, breast, endometrial, esophageal, gall bladder, pancreatic and kidney cancers. The objective of this analysis was to estimate the proportion of total and site-specific cancers attributable to excess body weight in adults in Alberta in 2012. METHODS: We estimated the proportions of attributable cancers using population attributable risk. Risk estimates were obtained from recent meta-analyses, and exposure prevalence estimates were obtained from the Canadian Community Health Survey...
April 28, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356078/calcium-oxalate-crystal-related-kidney-injury-in-a-patient-receiving-roux-en-y-hepaticojejunostomy-due-to-gall-bladder-cancer
#14
Jun-Li Tsai, Shang-Feng Tsai
BACKGROUND: Calcium oxalate nephropathy is rare in current practice. It was a common complication during jejunoileal bypass, but much less seen in modern gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity. The major cause of it is enteric hyperoxaluria. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on a patient here with acute kidney disease due to calcium oxalate nephropathy, rather than the conditions mentioned above. The male patient received a Roux-en Y hepaticojejunostomy and common bile duct drainage...
March 29, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152549/circulating-copper-and-zinc-levels-and-risk-of-hepatobiliary-cancers-in-europeans
#15
Magdalena Stepien, David J Hughes, Sandra Hybsier, Christina Bamia, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Aurélie Affret, Mathilde His, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Verena Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Phlippos Orfanos, Domenico Palli, Sabina Sieri, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Salvatore Panico, H B As Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Elisabete Weiderpass, Cristina Lasheras, Catalina Bonet Bonet, Elena Molina-Portillo, Miren Dorronsoro, José María Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, Bodil Ohlsson, Klas Sjöberg, Mårten Werner, Dmitry Shungin, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ruth C Travis, Heinz Freisling, Amanda J Cross, Lutz Schomburg, Mazda Jenab
BACKGROUND: Copper and zinc are essential micronutrients and cofactors of many enzymatic reactions that may be involved in liver-cancer development. We aimed to assess pre-diagnostic circulating levels of copper, zinc and their ratio (Cu/Zn) in relation to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD) and gall bladder and biliary tract (GBTC) cancers. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort...
February 28, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133232/-a-case-of-metachronous-liver-metastases-of-gall-bladder-cancer-successfully-treated-by-liver-resection
#16
Kensuke Asai, Masaru Murata, Kazuhiro Saso, Moyuru Yamada, Hirokazu Sawami, Rei Suzuki, Hiroki Fukunaga, Nobuo Tanaka, Masayuki Yamamoto, Masahiro Hiratsuka
A 73-year-old woman was diagnosed with gall bladder cancer by contrast enhanced CT images.The tumor was detected at the fundus of the gall bladder and enhanced heterogeneously.She underwent radical cholecystectomy including Japanese D2 lymph node dissection for gall bladder cancer.After 4 courses of oral S-1(80mg/m2 administered for 4 weeks and then stopped for 2 weeks)as adjuvant chemotherapy, a liver metastasis at segment 5 appeared 11 months postoperatively.It showed a ring enhanced tumor on contrast enhanced CT images...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078124/advanced-biliary-tract-cancer-clinical-outcomes-with-abc-02-regimen-and-analysis-of-prognostic-factors-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-the-united-states
#17
Rishi Agarwal, Arun Sendilnathan, Nabeela Iffat Siddiqi, Shuchi Gulati, Abhimanyu Ghose, Changchun Xie, Olugbenga Olanrele Olowokure
BACKGROUND: Gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GC) is currently the standard regimen for advanced biliary tract cancers (BTC) based on the outcomes in ABC-02 trial. Multiple factors can affect outcomes in these patients. This retrospective review evaluates the University of Cincinnati experience with GC in advanced intrahepatic (IHC)/extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (EHC) and gall bladder carcinoma (GBC). METHODS: In this study approved by University of Cincinnati IRB, retrospective analysis of advanced BTC patients seen between 01/2008 and 01/2015 was done...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032091/comparative-evaluation-of-different-volumes-of-70-alcohol-in-celiac-plexus-block-for-upper-abdominal-malignsancies
#18
Archana Dolly, Sarita Singh, Ravi Prakash, Jaishri Bogra, Anita Malik, Vinita Singh
CONTEXT: Celiac plexus block (CPB) (is an effective way to reduce cancer-associated pain in upper abdominal malignancies. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of different volumes of 70% alcohol in CPB. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled clinical study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients of carcinoma gall bladder were randomly divided into three groups (n = 10) to receive 20, 30, and 40 ml of 70% alcohol in CPB...
October 2016: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027900/amorphous-aggregate-adducts-of-linker-histone-h1-turn-highly-immunologic-in-the-cancers-of-oesophagus-stomach-gall-bladder-and-ovary
#19
Abdul Rouf Mir, Moinuddin, Safia Habib
Hyperglycaemic influence on carcinogenesis and tumour progression is emerging as a link between diabetes and cancer. This work establishes the disturbed structural integrity of nucleosomal linker histone H1 by methyglyoxal (MG) and then correlates the role of modified H1 in the auto-immunopathogenesis of multiple cancers. MG modification caused a loss of free ε-amino groups in H1 and raised its β-sheet structural component with a consequence of non amyloid aggregation. It changed the folding-unfolding denaturation pattern of H1 and attached itself to the lysine residues of the protein eventually making up N(ε)-(carboxyethyl) lysine...
March 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929699/elucidating-trainee-effect-on-outcomes-for-general-gynecologic-and-urologic-oncology-procedures
#20
Megan Sippey, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Kevin R Kasten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical complications delay adjuvant therapy in oncology patients. Current literature remains unclear regarding resident effect on postoperative outcomes, with inappropriate coverage possibly endangering patients in spite of attending oversight. We assessed resident postgraduate year (PGY) effect on 30-day overall morbidity in cancer patients undergoing major intra-abdominal and non-abdominal surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing non-emergent major intra- and extra-abdominal operations from 2005-2012 were queried using the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
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