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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691703/who-are-the-anonymous-involvement-and-predictors-of-gamblers-anonymous-attendance-among-disordered-gamblers-presenting-for-treatment
#1
Daniel S McGrath, Hyoun S Kim, David C Hodgins, Christine Novitsky, Hermano Tavares
Gamblers Anonymous is the most widely available form of support for disordered gambling. Although chapters exist worldwide, knowledge of how attendees interact with the program is limited. The present study aimed to investigate involvement in Gamblers Anonymous among attendees, motives for attendance, and overall satisfaction with the program. Furthermore, potential gambling-related predictors of attendance versus deciding not to attend Gamblers Anonymous were investigated. A treatment-seeking sample of disordered gamblers (N = 512) from São Paulo, Brazil completed a series of self-report measures including an author-compiled Gamblers Anonymous survey...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690634/online-gambling-among-treatment-seeking-patients-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Melvyn Zhang, Yi Yang, Song Guo, Chris Cheok, Kim Eng Wong, Gomathinayagam Kandasami
Given that technology has greatly facilitated easier access to gambling in previous years, it is timely to look in-depth into online gambling activities and behaviors. There have been several studies that examined online gambling. However, most of the current studies to date have focused on determining the prevalence and the epidemiology of problem gambling arising from online gambling in Western cohorts. There remains a paucity of research looking at the problem of online gambling among Asian individuals. The objectives of the current study are to elucidate the characteristics of online gambling among an Asian cohort and to explore the harm associated with online gambling and the potential mechanisms by which harm associated with online gambling could be minimized...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687631/validation-of-a-short-korean-version-of-the-upps-p-impulsive-behavior-scale
#3
Sun Young Lim, Seog Ju Kim
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present study was to validate a Korean version of the short UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale (UPPS-P). METHODS: This study included 724 undergraduate students who completed the following questionnaires: the Korean UPPS-P, Beck Depression Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Eating Disorder Inventory-2, Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, and Canadian Problem Gambling Index. RESULTS: A confirmatory factor analysis supported a 5-factor interrelated model...
April 23, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665516/-cool-and-hot-executive-functions-in-suicide-attempters-with-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Ming-Chou Ho, Yi-Chieh Hsu, Mong-Liang Lu, Michael Gossop, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen
RATIONALE: The World Health Organization reports that, by 2030, depression is expected to be the largest contributor to disease burden. Only small proportion of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) achieves remission and the majority of them do not achieve long-term functional recovery. One of the neuropsychological domains that have been shown to be particularly impaired in depression, is that of executive function (EF). OBJECTIVES: We examined whether the patients with MDD with and without suicide attempts had deteriorated 'cool' EF and 'hot' EF...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658497/-addictions-profiles-as-a-tool-for-comparison-of-chemical-and-nonchemical-dependencies
#5
K Yu Zalmunin, V D Mendelevich
AIM: A clinical and phenomenological comparative evaluation of addictions (alcoholism, drug addiction, sexual and tobacco dependence, pathological gambling) to develop integrative methods for the assessment of comparative performance profiles of addictive disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-six patients were examined using clinical, psychometric and statistical methods. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Addiction profiles were described and addictive potentials were compared...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652821/who-are-the-subjects-with-gambling-related-problems-requiring-treatment-a-study-in-northern-italy
#6
Raimondo Maria Pavarin, Angelo Fioritti, Silvia Marani, Daniele Gambini, Elsa Turino, Antonella Piazza
BACKGROUND: This study analyzes data related to Hospital (HOS), Public Treatment Service Dedicated to Drug Addicts (SERD), or Community Mental Health Center (CMHC) clients with a first diagnosis of Pathological Gambling (PG) in the period 2000/2016 in Northern Italy. The aims were to describe trends and characteristics of pathological gamblers (PGs) and to estimate the prevalence of other diagnoses before or after the diagnosis of PG. METHODS: Participants aged over 17 years with an ICD-9 or ICD-10 PG diagnosis were selected...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651257/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-substance-and-behavioral-addictions-a-systematic-review
#7
Marta Sancho, Marta De Gracia, Rita C Rodríguez, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Jéssica Sánchez-González, Joan Trujols, Isabel Sánchez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Jose M Menchón
Background: Emotion (dys)regulation as well as the interventions for improving these difficulties are receiving a growing attention in the literature. The aim of the present paper was to conduct a systematic review about the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in both substance and behavioral addictions (BAs). Method: A literature search was conducted using Cochrane, PubMed, and Web of Science. Fifty-four randomized controlled trials published in English since 2009 to April 2017 were included into a narrative synthesis...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642723/impulsivity-traits-and-addiction-related-behaviors-in-youth
#8
Kristine Rømer Thomsen, Mette Buhl Callesen, Morten Hesse, Timo Lehmann Kvamme, Michael Mulbjerg Pedersen, Mads Uffe Pedersen, Valerie Voon
Background and aims Impulsivity is a risk factor for addictive behaviors. The UPPS-P impulsivity model has been associated with substance addiction and gambling disorder, but its role in other non-substance addiction-related behaviors is less understood. We sought to examine associations between UPPS-P impulsivity traits and indicators of multiple substance and non-substance addiction-related behaviors in youth with varying involvement in these behaviors. Methods Participants (N = 109, aged 16-26 years, 69% males) were selected from a national survey based on their level of externalizing problems to achieve a broad distribution of involvement in addiction-related behaviors...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642721/placing-your-faith-on-the-betting-floor-religiosity-predicts-disordered-gambling-via-gambling-fallacies
#9
Hyoun S Kim, Alexandra Shifrin, Travis Sztainert, Michael J A Wohl
Background and aims We examined the potential role religious beliefs may play in disordered gambling. Specifically, we tested the idea that religiosity primes people to place their faith in good fortune or a higher power. In the context of gambling, however, this may lead to gambling fallacies (e.g., erroneous beliefs that one has control over a random outcome). People who are high in religiosity may be more at risk of developing gambling fallacies, as they may believe that a higher power can influence a game of chance...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627881/public-stigma-across-addictive-behaviors-casino-gambling-esports-gambling-and-internet-gaming
#10
Samuel C Peter, Qian Li, Rory A Pfund, James P Whelan, Andrew W Meyers
The negative psychological effects of public stigma on disordered gamblers have been well documented. Public stigma deters treatment-seeking and other help-seeking behaviors, and negatively impacts individuals' view of themselves. Different types of disordered gambling activities may attract different degrees of stigma. One increasingly popular form of gambling involves placing bets on the outcomes of competitive video games, also called eSports gambling. This activity shares characteristics with Internet gaming and gambling...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625378/impulsivity-profiles-in-pathological-slot-machine-gamblers
#11
Núria Aragay, Maite Barrios, Isabel Ramirez-Gendrau, Anna Garcia-Caballero, Gemma Garrido, Irene Ramos-Grille, Yésika Galindo, Jonatan Martin-Dombrowski, Vicenç Vallès
INTRODUCTION: In gambling disorder (GD), impulsivity has been related with severity, treatment outcome and a greater dropout rate. The aim of the study is to obtain an empirical classification of GD patients based on their impulsivity and compare the resulting groups in terms of sociodemographic, clinical and gambling behavior variables. METHODS: 126 patients with slot machine GD attending the Pathological Gambling Unit between 2013 and 2016 were included. The UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale was used to assess impulsivity, and the severity of past-year gambling behavior was established with the Screen for Gambling problems questionnaire (NODS)...
March 21, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615445/piloting-the-addition-of-contingency-management-to-best-practice-counselling-as-an-adjunct-treatment-for-rural-and-remote-disordered-gamblers-study-protocol
#12
Darren R Christensen, Chad S G Witcher, Trent Leighton, Rebecca Hudson-Breen, Samuel Ofori-Dei
INTRODUCTION: Problematic gambling is a significant Canadian public health concern that causes harm to the gambler, their families, and society. However, a significant minority of gambling treatment seekers drop out prior to the issue being resolved; those with higher impulsivity scores have the highest drop-out rates. Consequently, retention is a major concern for treatment providers. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and internet-delivered CBT and contingency management (CM+) as treatments for gambling disorder in rural Albertan populations...
April 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602689/benefits-of-caseload-midwifery-to-prevent-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-a-discussion-paper
#13
Natasha Reid, Jenny Gamble, Debra K Creedy, Amy Finlay-Jones
BACKGROUND: Exposure to alcohol prenatally can result in a child being diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Affected infants experience lifelong impairments that can involve, physical, cognitive, behavioural and emotional difficulties that impact on their functional capacity. Effective prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is critically needed in Australia. Reduction in the prevalence of this disorder will only be possible if we prevent alcohol consumption during pregnancy...
March 27, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593784/precision-light-for-the-treatment-of-psychiatric-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Sevag Kaladchibachi, Fabian Fernandez
Circadian timekeeping can be reset by brief flashes of light using stimulation protocols thousands of times shorter than those previously assumed to be necessary for traditional phototherapy. These observations point to a future where flexible architectures of nanosecond-, microsecond-, and millisecond-scale light pulses are compiled to reprogram the brain's internal clock when it has been altered by psychiatric illness or advanced age. In the current review, we present a chronology of seminal experiments that established the synchronizing influence of light on the human circadian system and the efficacy of prolonged bright-light exposure for reducing symptoms associated with seasonal affective disorder...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587172/client-and-clinician-rated-characteristics-of-problem-gamblers-with-and-without-history-of-gambling-related-illegal-behaviors
#15
Jennifer D Ellis, Jamey J Lister, Cara A Struble, Molly Cairncross, Meagan M Carr, David M Ledgerwood
Individuals with gambling disorder are at an elevated risk for engaging in gambling-related illegal behaviors. The present study examined client (N = 88) and clinician ratings (N = 30) of client characteristics associated with a history of gambling-related illegal behaviors. We also examined client characteristics associated with history of arrest for a gambling-related crime. Gambling-related illegal behaviors and arrest were common (57.3% and 23.9%, respectively) in the present sample. Clients of younger age, and those with greater gambling-related financial consequences, lifetime alcohol problems, impulsivity, mood symptoms, and daily living role difficulties were more likely to report gambling-related illegal behaviors...
March 12, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565776/therapeutic-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-oriented-recovery-enhancement-for-internet-gaming-disorder-reducing-craving-and-addictive-behavior-by-targeting-cognitive-processes
#16
Wen Li, Eric L Garland, Matthew O Howard
BACKGROUND: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is characterized by signs and symptoms similar to substance use and gambling disorders, and associated with psychosocial impairments. Research suggests that maladaptive gaming-related cognitions and coping may be implicated in IGD; therefore, interventions for IGD need to target these underlying mechanisms. Mindfulness-based treatment is effective in changing maladaptive cognitive processes and increasing adaptive coping among people with addictions...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547799/personality-profiles-of-substance-and-behavioral-addictions
#17
Noam Zilberman, Gal Yadid, Yaniv Efrati, Yehuda Neumark, Yuri Rassovsky
Substance-related and behavioral addictions are extremely prevalent and represent a major public health concern. In the ongoing attempt to understand the addictive personality, contradictory results have arisen from studies that have explored personality traits in different addiction populations. The diversity across addiction types suggests that some of these inconsistencies stem from distinct personalities underlying each addiction. The present study compares the personality profiles of several addictions, representing both substance (drugs and alcohol) and behavioral (gambling and sex) subtypes...
March 6, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544881/reward-sensitivity-in-parkinson-s-patients-with-binge-eating
#18
Damiano Terenzi, Raffaella I Rumiati, Mauro Catalan, Lucia Antonutti, Giovanni Furlanis, Paolo Garlasco, Paola Polverino, Claudio Bertolotti, Paolo Manganotti, Marilena Aiello
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) patients who are treated with dopamine replacement therapy are at risk of developing impulse control disorders (ICDs) (such as gambling, binge eating, and others). According to recent evidence, compulsive reward seeking in ICDs may arise from an excessive attribution of incentive salience (or 'wanting') to rewards. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we tested this hypothesis in patients with PD who developed binge eating (BE). METHODS: Patients with BE, patients without BE, and healthy controls performed different experimental tasks assessing food liking and wanting...
March 9, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540923/psychosocial-intervention-for-sexual-addiction
#19
REVIEW
Manju George, Shreemit Maheshwari, Suhas Chandran, Suman S Rao, Manohar J Shivanand, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Addiction is the term employed not only for excess consumption of substances, but also for problem behaviours like eating disorders, pathological gambling, computer addiction and pathological preoccupation with video games and sexual acts. No clear diagnostic criterion has been established with validity for behavioral addictions. Sexual addiction, including addiction to pornography is not included as a separate entity because of a lack of strong empirical evidence in this area. Different scales can be used for assessment of sexual addiction...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540298/behavioral-and-scn-neurophysiological-disruption-in-the-tg-swdi-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Jodi R Paul, Hira A Munir, Thomas van Groen, Karen L Gamble
Disruption of circadian rhythms is commonly reported in individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neurons in the primary circadian pacemaker, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), exhibit daily rhythms in spontaneous neuronal activity which are important for maintaining circadian behavioral rhythms. Disruption of SCN neuronal activity has been reported in animal models of other neurodegenerative disorders; however, the effect of AD on SCN neurophysiology remains unknown. In this study we examined circadian behavioral and electrophysiological changes in a mouse model of AD, using male mice from the Tg-SwDI line which expresses human amyloid precursor protein with the familial Swedish (K670N/M671L), Dutch (E693Q), Iowa (D694N) mutations...
March 11, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
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