Read by QxMD icon Read


Elizabeth Bilotti, David H Vesole, Laura McBride, Linda Schmidt, Zhijie Gao, Madiha Gilani, Ann McNeill, Urszula Bednarz, Joshua Richter, Anthony Mato, Thorsten Graef, David S Siegel
BACKGROUND: This is a retrospective chart review to evaluate the efficacy of the addition of vorinostat to lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with multiple myeloma relapsed/refractory to lenalidomide and dexamethasone. METHODS: Charts from 26 consecutive patients able to obtain commercial vorinostat were analyzed for response and safety data. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 31%, and the clinical beneficial rate was 50%. The median duration of response was 3 months, and the median overall survival was 28...
October 2016: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
Lucia Pavlikova, Mario Seres, Denisa Imrichova, Milan Hano, Andrej Rusnak, Martina Zamorova, Jaroslav Katrlik, Albert Breier, Zdena Sulova
In P-gp-positive cell variants obtained from L1210 cells either by selection with vincristine (L1210/R) or by transfection with the human gene encoding P-gp (L1210/T), we have previously described cross-resistance to tunicamycin (TNM), a protein N-glycosylation inhibitor. Here we studied whether this cross-resistance also underlies P-gp-positive variants of human acute myeloid leukemia cells (AML) derived from SKM-1 and MOLM-13 cells (SKM-1/VCR, SKM-1/LEN, MOLM-13/VCR) by selection with vincristine (VCR) and lenalidomide (LEN)...
October 2016: General Physiology and Biophysics
Zhen Qu, Chunping Jiang, Junhua Wu, Yitao Ding
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a disease with a high mortality rate, and the treatment for HCC remains limited. It is necessary to develop efficient and low toxicity drugs for the clinical treatment of HCC. Lenalidomide is a novel analogue of thalidomide and has anti‑inflammatory, immunomodulatory and anti‑angiogenic effects. The current study investigated the inhibitory effect against HCC cells of lenalidomide and thalidomide. The MTT assay was used to determine the cytotoxicity of lenalidomide and thalidomide, and morphological changes were observed by fluorescence microscopy...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Soushi Ibata, Tsutomu Sato, Hiroyuki Kuroda, Yasuhiro Nagamachi, Satoshi Iyama, Akihito Fujimi, Yusuke Kamihara, Yuichi Konuma, Masahiro Yoshida, Ayumi Tatekoshi, Akari Hashimoto, Hiroto Horiguchi, Kaoru Ono, Kazuyuki Murase, Kohichi Takada, Koji Miyanishi, Masayoshi Kobune, Yasuo Hirayama, Junji Kato
PURPOSE: Consolidation/maintenance therapy induces deep remission in patients with multiple myeloma (MM); however, the most suitable regimen has been under investigation. The combination therapy with bortezomib, lenalidomide and dexamethasone (VRD) is a powerful regimen for relapsed/refractory as well as newly diagnosed MM as an induction therapy. However, severe adverse events (AEs) may become a problem when VRD is introduced without dose reduction as a consolidation/maintenance therapy...
October 13, 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Faysal Haroun, Andrew Mener, Jacob Elkon, Imad Tabbara
We present a case of a 73-year-old woman with transfusion-dependent anaemia thought to be secondary to an unidentifiable inflammatory condition. Anaemia evaluation including multiple bone marrow biopsies was unrevealing, with the exception of a non-specific elevation of her erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. She had no identifiable inflammatory condition and did not meet the criteria for myelodysplastic syndrome. She was empirically treated with lenalidomide and achieved a complete response, suggesting that this immunomodulatory drug could potentially have a role in treating a subgroup of patients with immune-mediated anaemia...
October 13, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Adebayo Ogunniyi, Mabel Rodriguez, Sean Devlin, Nelly Adel, Heather Landau, David J Chung, Nikoletta Lendvai, Alexander Lesokhin, Guenther Koehne, Sham Mailankody, Neha Korde, Lilian Reich, Ola Landgren, Sergio Giralt, Hani Hassoun
Plerixafor (P), an agent that selectively and reversibly binds to the chemokine receptor CXCR4, has been approved in combination with G-CSF (P + G-CSF) for stem cell (SC) mobilization in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). The goal of this study was to determine the SC collection success rate of P + G-CSF using a clinically relevant outcome defined as the ability to collect at least 5 × 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg to allow safely two transplants, and identify risk factors impacting SC mobilization...
October 13, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Seok Jin Kim, Soo-Mee Bang, Yoon Seok Choi, Deog-Yeon Jo, Jin Seok Kim, Hyewon Lee, Hyeon Seok Eom, Dok Hyun Yoon, Cheolwon Suh, Je-Jung Lee, Junshik Hong, Jae Hoon Lee, Youngil Koh, Kihyun Kim, Sung-Soo Yoon, Chang-Ki Min
BACKGROUND: Bendamustine may be a potential treatment option for patients with myeloma, but little is known about the utility of bendamustine as a salvage treatment, especially in Asian patients. METHODS: We performed a multicenter retrospective study of patients with relapsed or refractory myeloma who received bendamustine and prednisone. RESULTS: The records of 65 heavily pre-treated patients, who had undergone bortezomib and lenalidomide treatment (median number of previous treatments: 5), were analyzed...
September 2016: Blood Research
Ya-Ting Yang, Cheng-Jeng Tai, Chiehfeng Chen, Hong-Cheng Wu, Natalia Mikhaylichenko, Hsien-Tsai Chiu, Yun-Yi Chen, Yi-Hsin Elsa Hsu
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to perform a systematic review to examine the efficacy and safety of various salvage therapy regimens on patients with relapsed/refractory PTCL. METHOD: The electronic searches were performed using PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Web of Science from inception through June 2015, with search terms related to relapsed/refractory PTCL, salvage chemotherapy regimens, and clinical trials. An eligible study met the following inclusion criteria: (1) Patients had refractory or relapsed PTCL; (2) drug regimens were used for salvage therapy; (3) the study was a clinical trial; (4) the study reported on a series of at least 10 patients of PTCL...
2016: PloS One
Meletios A Dimopoulos, Albert Oriol, Hareth Nahi, Jesus San-Miguel, Nizar J Bahlis, Saad Z Usmani, Neil Rabin, Robert Z Orlowski, Mieczyslaw Komarnicki, Kenshi Suzuki, Torben Plesner, Sung-Soo Yoon, Dina Ben Yehuda, Paul G Richardson, Hartmut Goldschmidt, Donna Reece, Steen Lisby, Nushmia Z Khokhar, Lisa O'Rourke, Christopher Chiu, Xiang Qin, Mary Guckert, Tahamtan Ahmadi, Philippe Moreau
Background Daratumumab showed promising efficacy alone and with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in a phase 1-2 study involving patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Methods In this phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned 569 patients with multiple myeloma who had received one or more previous lines of therapy to receive lenalidomide and dexamethasone either alone (control group) or in combination with daratumumab (daratumumab group). The primary end point was progression-free survival. Results At a median follow-up of 13...
October 6, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
T Harada, H Miki, Q Cui, A Oda, R Amachi, J Teramachi, A Bat-Erdene, K Sogabe, M Iwasa, S Fujii, S Nakamura, K Kagawa, S Yoshida, I Endo, K Aihara, S Ozaki, T Matsumoto, M Abe
Leukemia accepted article preview online, 04 October 2016. doi:10.1038/leu.2016.273.
October 4, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Chaitra S Ujjani, Sin-Ho Jung, Brandelyn Pitcher, Peter Martin, Steven I Park, Kristie A Blum, Sonali M Smith, Myron Czuczman, Matthew S Davids, Ellis Levine, Lionel D Lewis, Scott E Smith, Nancy L Bartlett, John P Leonard, Bruce D Cheson
Chemoimmunotherapy in follicular lymphoma is associated with significant toxicity. Targeted therapies are being investigated as potentially more efficacious and tolerable alternatives for this multiply-relapsing disease. Based on promising activity with rituximab and lenalidomide in previously untreated follicular lymphoma (ORR 90-96%) and ibrutinib in relapsed disease (ORR 30-55%), the Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology conducted a phase I trial of rituximab, lenalidomide, and ibrutinib. Previously untreated patients with follicular lymphoma received rituximab 375 mg/m(2) on Day 1, 8, 15, 22 of Cycle 1 and Day 1 of Cycle 4, 6, 8, 10, lenalidomide as per cohort dose on Days 1-21/28 for 18 cycles, and ibrutinib as per cohort dose daily until progression...
October 3, 2016: Blood
Susan J Lee, Ivan Borrello
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematologic cancer derived from malignant plasma cells within the bone marrow. Unlike most solid tumors, which originate from epithelial cells, the myeloma tumor is a plasma cell derived from the lymphoid cell lineage originating from a post-germinal B-cell. As such, the MM plasma cell represents an integral component of the immune system in terms of both antibody production and antigen presentation, albeit not efficiently. This fundamental difference has significant implications when one considers the implications of immunotherapy...
2016: Cancer Treatment and Research
Paola Neri, Nizar J Bahlis, Claudia Paba-Prada, Paul Richardson
Survival outcomes of patients with Multiple Myeloma (MM) have improved over the last decade due to the introduction of novel agents such as the immunomodulatory drugs thalidomide, lenalidomide (Len) and pomalidomide, and the proteasome inhibitors bortezomib (BTZ) and carfilzomib [1, 2]. However, despite these major advances, MM remains largely incurable and almost all patients relapse and require additional therapy [3]. The successful introduction of next generation novel agents including oral proteasome inhibitors, deacetylase inhibitors, and especially monoclonal antibodies as part of immunotherapy promises to further improve outcome...
2016: Cancer Treatment and Research
Guillemette Fouquet, Francesca Gay, Eileen Boyle, Sara Bringhen, Alessandra Larocca, Thierry Facon, Xavier Leleu, Antonio Palumbo
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a disease of the elderly, with a median age at diagnosis of approximately 70 years old, and more than 30 % of patients aged >75 years. This latter and very elderly population is going to significantly rise in the near future given the increase in life expectancy in Western countries, and, most importantly, global health status of elderly patients is improving, justifying appropriate treatments. Changes in treatment paradigm from the old melphalan-prednisone regimen used since the 1970s to its use as a backbone in a nontransplant setting since the late 1990s have highlighted different subgroups in elderly MM...
2016: Cancer Treatment and Research
Hermann Einsele, Martin Schreder
Elotuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting the extracellular domain of signaling lymphocytic activation molecule F7 (SLAMF7) highly expressed in multiple myeloma cells. Upon binding to myeloma cells, elotuzumab exerts its cytotoxic effects through antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, the antibody-induced selective lysis of tumor cells by activated natural killer (NK) cells. Furthermore, elotuzumab has been shown to directly induce NK-cell activation by binding to SLAMF7 expressed on NK cells and to indirectly modulate T-cell function by promoting the secretion of cytokines from NK cells...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
Elisabet E Manasanch, Carlos Fernández de Larrea, Adriana Zingone, Seth M Steinberg, Mary Kwok, Nishant Tageja, Manisha Bhutani, Dickran Kazandjian, Mark Roschewski, Peter Wu, George Carter, Diamond Zuchlinski, Marcia Mulquin, Liz Lamping, Rene Costello, Deborah Burton, Lindsey Gil, William D Figg, Irina Maric, Katherine R Calvo, Constance Yuan, Maryalice Stetler-Stevenson, Neha Korde, Ola Landgren
The proteasome inhibitor carfilzomib is highly effective in the treatment of multiple myeloma. It irreversibly binds the chymotrypsin-like active site in the β5 subunit of the 20S proteasome. Despite impressive response rates when carfilzomib is used in combination with immunomodulatory agents in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients; no biomarker exists to accurately predict response and clinical outcomes. We prospectively assessed the activity in peripheral blood of the chymotrypsin-like (CHYM), caspase-like (CASP) and trypsin-like (TRYP) proteolytic sites in 45 newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients treated with eight cycles of carfilzomib, lenalidomide and dexamethasone (CRd) (NCT01402284)...
August 9, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
E Müller, S Bauer, T Stühmer, A Mottok, C-J Scholz, T Steinbrunn, D Brünnert, A Brandl, H Schraud, S Kreßmann, A Beilhack, A Rosenwald, R C Bargou, M Chatterjee
Direct therapeutic targeting of oncogenic RAS is currently still impossible due to lack of suitable pharmacological inhibitors. Because specific blockade of druggable RAS effectors might represent an alternative treatment approach, we evaluated the role of the Raf complex for multiple myeloma (MM) pathobiology. We found frequent overexpression of the Raf isoforms (A-, B- and C-Raf) and downstream activation of MEK1,2/ERK1,2 in MM cells. Concomitant inhibition of all Raf isoforms (pan-Raf inhibition) by RNAi or pharmacological inhibitors was required to strongly induce apoptosis in MM cell lines, primary MM cells in vitro, and in a syngeneic MM mouse model in vivo...
September 30, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Idrees Mian, Denái R Milton, Nina Shah, Yago Nieto, Uday R Popat, Partow Kebriaei, Simrit Parmar, Betul Oran, Jatin J Shah, Elisabet E Manasanch, Robert Z Orlowski, Elizabeth J Shpall, Richard E Champlin, Muzaffar H Qazilbash, Qaiser Bashir
BACKGROUND: Although lenalidomide maintenance therapy has demonstrated improved outcomes after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HCT) for patients with multiple myeloma (MM), the impact of the duration of this therapy is not clearly known. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed all MM patients who were placed on maintenance lenalidomide after auto-HCT between January 2007 and December 2013. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed in multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models that included the duration of maintenance as a time-dependent covariate...
September 28, 2016: Cancer
Saad Z Usmani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2016: Cancer
G Galletti, F Caligaris-Cappio, M T S Bertilaccio
The development and progression of chronic B-cell tumors depend on a complex microenvironmental network of cells that include monocyte-derived macrophages. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) the survival of malignant cells is supported in vitro by nurse-like cells, which differentiate from CD14(+) monocytes and have been identified as tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). The role of the monocyte/macrophage lineage in CLL has been extensively studied in vitro, but only recently has been investigated in in vivo models...
October 14, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"