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Complicated skin and skin structure infection

Junlan Chuan, Yuan Zhang, Xia He, Yuxuan Zhu, Lei Zhong, Dongke Yu, Hongtao Xiao
Objective: Telavancin is approved to treat complicated skin and skin structure infections, hospital-acquired, and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia caused by Staphylococcus aureus. A previous meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials suggested that it might be an alternative to vancomycin in cases of difficult-to-treat meticillin-resistant S. aureus infections. We did a meta-analysis including one new trial to access the efficacy and safety of telavancin. Methods: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE and ClinicalTrials...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Nikolai Siemens, Bhavya Chakrakodi, Srikanth Mairpady Shambat, Marina Morgan, Helena Bergsten, Ole Hyldegaard, Steinar Skrede, Per Arnell, Martin B Madsen, Linda Johansson, Julius Juarez, Lidija Bosnjak, Matthias Mörgelin, Mattias Svensson, Anna Norrby-Teglund
Necrotizing fasciitis caused by group A streptococcus (GAS) is a life-threatening, rapidly progressing infection. At present, biofilm is not recognized as a potential problem in GAS necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTI), as it is typically linked to chronic infections or associated with foreign devices. Here, we present a case of a previously healthy male presenting with NSTI caused by GAS. The infection persisted over 24 days, and the surgeon documented the presence of a "thick layer biofilm" in the fascia...
July 7, 2016: JCI Insight
Amelia Deitchman, Daniel de Jong, April Barbour, Hartmut Derendorf
With resistance of S. aureus, the most prevalent identified pathogen in skin and soft tissue infections, on the rise, the need for safe, effective, and well-tolerated antibiotics is crucial. Ceftobiprole medocaril (BAL-5788), ceftobiprole's parenteral prodrug, is a bactericidal cephalosporin with broad Gram-positive and Gram-negative activity that has shown to be well-tolerated and noninferior to vancomycin and vancomycin plus ceftazidime in the treatment of MRSA complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSIs) in clinical trials...
October 2, 2016: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
Il Ho Park, Chul Hoon Chung, Yong Joon Chang, Jae Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: The goal of reconstruction is to provide coverage of exposed vital structures with well-vascularized tissue for optimal restoration of form and function. Here, we present our clinical experience with the use of the scapular fascial free flap to correct facial asymmetry and to reconstruct soft tissue defects of the extremities. METHODS: We used a scapular fascial free flap in 12 cases for soft tissue coverage of the extremities or facial soft tissue augmentation...
September 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
Laurens J Ceulemans, Nathalie P Deferm, Marc Miserez, Francesca Maione, Diethard Monbaliu, Jacques Pirenne
Intestinal transplantation (ITx) is often associated with decreased abdominal domain, rendering abdominal closure difficult. Pre-transplant placement of tissue expanders (TE) can overcome this challenge; however it can be associated with life-threatening complications. This review aimed to comprehensively summarize all available literature on TE in ITx candidates and include the technical details of osmotic, self-inflatable TE -a technique undescribed before. PubMed, EMBASE and CCTR were searched until April 30, 2016...
October 2016: Transplantation Reviews
S Ken Tanaka, Judith Steenbergen, Stephen Villano
Omadacycline is novel, aminomethyl tetracycline antibiotic being developed for oral and intravenous (IV) administration for the treatment of community-acquired bacterial infections. Omadacycline is characterized by an aminomethyl substituent at the C9 position of the core 6-member ring. Modifications at this position result in an improved spectrum of antimicrobial activity by overcoming resistance known to affect older generation tetracyclines via ribosomal protection proteins and efflux pump mechanisms. In vitro, omadacycline has activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobes, anaerobes, and atypical pathogens including Legionella and Chlamydia spp...
July 18, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
P Mayser
Treating eczema with fungal and/or bacterial superinfections or superficial mycoses are a common problem in daily practice. A fungal superinfection as a consequence of a diminished skin barrier might complicate the course of eczema. In addition, in an inflammatory superficial mycotic infection a delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction may result in healing of the lesion, but might also be responsible for irreversible damage of epidermal structures. An example is permanent hair loss by scarring alopecia in the context of inflammatory tinea capitis...
September 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Geoffrey C Gurtner, Mary Ann Chapman
Significance: Chronic wounds are a prevalent and costly problem in the United States. Improved treatments are needed to heal these wounds and prevent serious complications such as infection and amputation. Recent Advances: In wound healing, as in other areas of medicine, technologies that have the potential to regenerate as opposed to repair tissue are gaining ground. These include customizable nanofiber matrices incorporating novel materials; a variety of autologous and allogeneic cell types at various stages of differentiation (e...
July 1, 2016: Advances in Wound Care
Kassel Wai Kan Tsang, William B Morrison
Pedal infection is a difficult diagnostic problem for clinicians and radiologists alike, especially in patients with diabetes. Vascular and neuropathic disease complicates the clinical picture and imaging appearance. Radiographs are usually the first examination ordered, offering an excellent overview of previous surgery, structural deformities, and neuropathic joint disease. Ultrasound and computed tomography are occasionally useful to answer specific questions. Scintigraphy has become less popular because MRI provides high sensitivity and specificity as well as detailed anatomical information...
April 2016: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
N M Yusof, A S Fadzli, W S Azman, M A Azril
INTRODUCTION: The understanding of the skin's vascular anatomy has improved in the last decade. It has lead to technique modification such as the staged procedure in performing sural flaps and improvement in the flap survival rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute vascular complications (flap necrosis or congestion) of 29 patients who underwent distal base sural flap for coverage of wound around the ankle. METHODS: Twenty-four males and five females with a mean age of 37...
April 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
D Velázquez-Vélez, N Durán-Martínez, J A Peñafort-García, A Romero-Peña
More than 20% of the tarsometatarsal joint injuries (Lisfranc injuries) occur during motor vehicle accidents. This kind of trauma is infrequent and in 50% of cases closed reduction is used. A 18 year-old male patient sustained a high-energy trauma resulting in a Gustilo and Anderson III B open Lisfranc fracture dislocation of the left foot. Surgical debridement, open reduction and internal fixation, and immediate skin coverage were performed. The secondary complication rate may decrease with stringent treatment adherence and proper care of severe orthopedic injuries...
September 2015: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Ahsan T Ali, Mario Rueda, Sarasijhaa Desikan, Mohammed M Moursi, Ruosu An, Horace Spencer, Steven Rueda, John F Eidt
OBJECTIVE: Multiple catheterizations and procedures on the femoral arteries can increase the risk of infection and eventual destruction of the overlying skin and subcutaneous tissue. Without adequate tissue coverage, vascular structures are exposed and, thus, vulnerable to disruption. This can lead to loss of limb and/or life and carries a significant mortality. We hypothesized that gracilis muscle flap (GMF) was a reliable adjunct in providing healthy tissue coverage for a complex surgical problem...
May 14, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
M Krtička, D Ira, V Nekuda, J Švancara, M Mašek
UNLABELLED: PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Grade III open fractures are associated with infectious complications in 25-66% of injuries. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) applied to an injured soft tissue coverage provides an impermeable barrier between the injured structures and the external environment, in addition to early secretion draining and a positive effect on the site of application. All this also prevents secondary bacterial contamination. The objective of the study was to compare the results of treatment methods in view of infectious complications in patients with soft tissue injury in grade-III open fractures managed either by NPWT and primary closure or by covering with combined dressing fabric (COM) in combination with continual wound lavage...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Liapikou Adamantia, Torres Antoni
INTRODUCTION: Telavancin is a novel lipoglycopeptide derivative of vancomycin that has activity against Gram-positive aerobic and anerobic bacteria, for the treatment of serious infections, including complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI) and pneumonia. AREAS COVERED: This article was compiled through searches on telavancin up to December 2015 in the PubMed and the databases; the FDA and European Medicine Agency (EMA) websites...
July 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
Marco Falcone, Ercole Concia, Massimo Giusti, Antonino Mazzone, Claudio Santini, Stefania Stefani, Francesco Violi
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are a common cause of hospital admission among elderly patients, and traditionally have been divided into complicated and uncomplicated SSTIs. In 2010, the FDA provided a new classification of these infections, and a new category of disease, named acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs), has been proposed as an independent clinical entity. ABSSSIs include three entities: cellulitis and erysipelas, wound infections, and major cutaneous abscesses This paper revises the epidemiology of SSTIs and ABSSSIs with regard to etiologies, diagnostic techniques, and clinical presentation in the hospital settings...
August 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Uwe Wollina, Dana Langner, Birgit Heinig, Jacqueline Schönlebe, Andreas Nowak
Erysipelas are common soft tissue infections responding to first-line antibiosis. Because of factors of related to responsible bacteria and host, complications can occur that need extensive surgery in addition to intensified drug therapy. We report on a 65-year-old woman with leg ulcer who developed an absceding and necrotizing panniculitis of the affected leg complicating erysipelas. Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were identified. Debridement and surgical removal of inflamed subcutaneous adipose tissue was decisive to interrupt the process...
March 2016: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
Chieh Chou, Ming-Jer Tasi, Yen-Ting Sheen, Shu-Hung Huang, Tung-Ying Hsieh, Chih-Hau Chang, Chung-Sheng Lai, Kao-Ping Chang, Sin-Daw Lin, Su-Shin Lee
INTRODUCTION: Various management strategies have been reported for sternal wound care; however, they exhibit limited effectiveness or are associated with severe complications. Furthermore, it is difficult for the standard pectoralis major (PM) muscle advance flap to reach the lower third of the sternum. This article examines using the PM-rectus abdominis (RA) bipedicle muscle flap to treat lower-third deep sternal wound infection. METHODS: The outcomes of patients who received a PM-RA bipedicle muscle flap harvest at our institution between 1996 and 2014 were reviewed...
March 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
I H Jääskeläinen, L Hagberg, J From, T Schyman, L Lehtola, A Järvinen
Complicated skin and skin-structure infections (cSSSI) are a common reason for hospitalization and practically all new antimicrobial agents against Gram-positive bacteria are studied in cSSSI. The aim of this population-based observational study was to assess the treatment of patients with cSSSI in areas with a low incidence of antibiotic resistance. The study population consisted of adult residents who were treated because of cSSSI during 2008-2011 from two Nordic cities, Helsinki and Gothenburg. In the final analysis population (460 patients; mean age 60...
April 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
A Grandjean, C Romana, F Fitoussi
BACKGROUND: Coverage of soft-tissue defects of the ankle and foot is often challenging. The distally based sural fascio-cutaneous flap is useful for reconstructing the lower leg, ankle, heel, and foot but has rarely been evaluated in paediatric patients. The objectives of this study were to assess the reliability of this flap in paediatric patients, to describe the complications associated with its use, and to define its indications in paediatric patients with soft-tissue defects of the ankle and foot...
February 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Mihai Dorin Vartolomei, Ovidiu Simion Cotoi, Mihail Alexandru Badea, Calin Bogdan Chibelean, Titiana Cotoi, Violeta Morariu, Cosmin Albu, Silviu Horia Morariu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
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