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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220928/malt-combined-motor-and-language-therapy-tool-for-brain-injury-patients-using-kinect
#1
Maitreyee Wairagkar, Rachel McCrindle, Holly Robson, Lotte Meteyard, Malcom Sperrin, Andy Smith, Moyra Pugh
BACKGROUND: The functional connectivity and structural proximity of elements of the language and motor systems result in frequent co-morbidity post brain injury. Although rehabilitation services are becoming increasingly multidisciplinary and "integrated", treatment for language and motor functions often occurs in isolation. Thus, behavioural therapies which promote neural reorganisation do not reflect the high intersystem connectivity of the neurologically intact brain. As such, there is a pressing need for rehabilitation tools which better reflect and target the impaired cognitive networks...
February 21, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217252/primary-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-of-the-liver-a-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Ifeyinwa E Obiorah, Lynt Johnson, Metin Ozdemirli
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the liver is a very rare condition and thus the diagnosis may be challenging. The clinical presentation is usually variable, ranging from minimal clinical symptoms to severe end stage liver disease. In this paper, we describe the clinicopathologic findings in two cases of primary hepatic MALT lymphoma. One case is an 80-year-old female with no underlying chronic liver disease and the second case is a 30-year-old female with autoimmune hepatitis complicated by MALT lymphoma...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215084/effect-of-l-cysteine-and-transition-metal-ions-on-dimethyl-sulfide-oxidation
#3
Matthias Baldus, Rüdiger Klie, Xi De, Frank-Juergen Methner
During malt kilning, significant amounts of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) oxidize leading to the formation of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), a precursor of DMS during fermentation. Yet, knowledge regarding reaction mechanisms of DMSO formation during malt production is limited. The role of thiols in sulfide oxidation is unclear as they possess sulfoxide reducing ability as well as pro- and antioxidative properties. This study investigated the effects of the thiol L-cysteine (Cys), molecular oxygen, transition metal ions and EDTA on DMS oxidation in aqueous model solutions...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213711/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-for-primary-prevention-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy-post-danish-an-updated-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Georg Wolff, Yingfeng Lin, Athanasios Karathanos, Maximilian Brockmeyer, Susanne Wolters, Bernd Nowak, Alexander Fürnkranz, Hisaki Makimoto, Malte Kelm, Volker Schulze
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is frequent in patients with heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) device therapy is currently used for primary prevention. However, publication of the DANISH trial has recently given reason for doubt, showing no significant improvement in all-cause mortality in comparison to contemporary medical therapy. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials comparing ICD therapy to medical therapy (MT) for primary prevention in DCM...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211948/yield-and-cold-storage-of-trichoderma-conidia-is-influenced-by-substrate-ph-and-storage-temperature
#5
Johanna M Steyaert, Anastasia Chomic, Maria Nieto-Jacobo, Artemio Mendoza-Mendoza, Amanda J Hay, Mark Braithwaite, Alison Stewart
In this study we examined the influence of the ambient pH during morphogenesis on conidial yield of Trichoderma sp. "atroviride B" LU132 and T. hamatum LU593 and storage at low temperatures. The ambient pH of the growth media had a dramatic influence on the level of Trichoderma conidiation and this was dependent on the strain and growth media. On malt-extract agar, LU593 yield decreased with increasing pH (3-6), whereas yield increased with increasing pH for LU132. During solid substrate production the reverse was true for LU132 whereby yield decreased with increasing pH...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210718/synthesis-and-epr-spectroscopic-characterization-of-the-perchlorotriarylmethyl-tricarboxylic-acid-radical-ptmtc-and-its-13-c-labelled-analogue-13c-ptmtc
#6
Marwa Elewa, Nadica Maltar-Strmečki, Mohamed M Said, Hosam A El Shihawy, Mohamed El-Sadek, Juliane Frank, Simon Drescher, Malte Drescher, Karsten Mäder, Dariush Hinderberger, Peter Imming
A hydrophilic tris(tetrachlorotriaryl)methyl (tetrachloro-TAM) radical labelled 50% with (13)C at the central carbon atom was prepared. The mixture of isotopologue radicals was characterised by continuous wave and pulsed X-band electron paramagnetic spectroscopy (EPS). For the pharmaceutical and medical applications planned, the quantitative influence of oxygen, viscosity, temperature and pH on EPR line widths was studied in aqueous buffer, DMSO, water-methanol and water-glycerol mixtures. Under in vivo conditions, pH can be disregarded...
February 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210093/mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-with-unusual-18-f-fdg-hypermetabolism-arising-at-the-colorectal-anastomosis
#7
Na-Sha Zhang, Fang Shi, Li Kong, Hui Zhu
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma usually originates from the stomach and presents with low (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) avidity with average maximum standard uptake value of 3.6. Colorectal MALT lymphoma is a rare entity that contributes to 1.6% of all MALT lymphomas and < 0.2% of large intestinal malignancies. The case reported herein firstly revealed stage IIE MALT lymphoma with unexpected higher (18)F-FDG avidity of 18.9 arising at the colorectal anastomosis in a patient with a surgical history for sigmoid adenocarcinoma, which was strongly suspected as local recurrence before histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209129/orthograph-a-versatile-tool-for-mapping-coding-nucleotide-sequences-to-clusters-of-orthologous-genes
#8
Malte Petersen, Karen Meusemann, Alexander Donath, Daniel Dowling, Shanlin Liu, Ralph S Peters, Lars Podsiadlowski, Alexandros Vasilikopoulos, Xin Zhou, Bernhard Misof, Oliver Niehuis
BACKGROUND: Orthology characterizes genes of different organisms that arose from a single ancestral gene via speciation, in contrast to paralogy, which is assigned to genes that arose via gene duplication. An accurate orthology assignment is a crucial step for comparative genomic studies. Orthologous genes in two organisms can be identified by applying a so-called reciprocal search strategy, given that complete information of the organisms' gene repertoire is available. In many investigations, however, only a fraction of the gene content of the organisms under study is examined (e...
February 16, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207170/molding-photonic-boxes-into-fluorescent-emitters-by-direct-laser-writing
#9
Christof P Dietrich, Markus Karl, Jürgen Ohmer, Utz Fischer, Malte C Gather, Sven Höfling
Direct laser writing of photonic boxes into active layers of biologically produced recombinant fluorescent protein in optical microcavities is demonstrated. Irradiation with laser light above the photobleaching threshold induces photonic confinement potentials on the order of 40 meV. The technique provides high spatial selectivity and enables room-temperature lasing in protein rings, and circular and elliptical pillars with customized beam shapes.
February 16, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203685/sgk1-up-regulates-orai1-expression-and-vsmc-migration-during-neointima-formation-after-arterial-injury
#10
Britta Walker-Allgaier, Malte Schaub, Ioana Alesutan, Jakob Voelkl, Sascha Geue, Patrick Münzer, José M Rodríguez, Dietmar Kuhl, Florian Lang, Meinrad Gawaz, Oliver Borst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201887/a-corresponding-states-analysis-of-the-liquid-vapor-equilibrium-properties-of-common-water-models
#11
Malte Fugel, Volker C Weiss
Many atomistic potential models have been proposed to reproduce the properties of real water and to capture as many of its anomalies as possible. The large number of different models indicates that this task is by no means an easy one. Some models are reasonably successful for various properties, while others are designed to account for only a very few specific features of water accurately. Among the most popular models are SPC/E, TIP4P, TIP4P/2005, TIP4P/Ice, and TIP5P-E. Here, we report the equilibrium properties of the liquid-vapor coexistence, such as the densities of the liquid phase and the vapor phase, the interfacial tension between them, and the vapor pressure at saturation...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201839/mr-imaging-in-patients-with-cardiac-pacemakers-and-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators
#12
Torsten Sommer, Wolfgang Bauer, Katharina Fischbach, Christof Kolb, Roger Luechinger, Uwe Wiegand, Joachim Lotz, Ingo Eitel, Matthias Gutberlet, Holger Thiele, Hans H Schild, Malte Kelm, Harald H Quick, Jeanette Schulz-Menger, Jörg Barkhausen, Dietmar Bänsch
This joint consensus paper of the German Roentgen Society and the German Cardiac Society provides physical and electrophysiological background information and specific recommendations for the procedural management of patients with cardiac pacemakers (PM) and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) undergoing magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The paper outlines the responsibilities of radiologists and cardiologists regarding patient education, indications, and monitoring with modification of MR sequences and PM/ICD reprogramming strategies being discussed in particular...
February 15, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195553/fresh-frozen-plasma-transfusion-a-risk-factor-for-pulmonary-hemorrhage-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#13
Jakob Usemann, Lars Garten, Christoph Bührer, Christof Dame, Malte Cremer
AIM: To evaluate risk factors for pulmonary hemorrhage (PH) in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW) taking into consideration coagulation screens, platelet counts, transfusion of fresh frozen plasma (FFP), and platelet concentrates prior to PH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective case-control study consisting of 20 ELBW infants with PH and 40 matched controls. Coagulation screens, platelet counts at birth and at onset of PH, and transfusion frequencies prior to PH were compared to case-controls at birth and 24-96 h after birth...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194718/employing-central-composite-design-for-evaluation-of-biomass-production-by-fusarium-venenatum-in-vivo-antioxidant-and-antihyperlipidemic-properties
#14
Asha Byju Thomas, Trupti Dattatray Shetane, Ranu Goutam Singha, Rabindra K Nanda, Sushilkumar S Poddar, Ajinath Shirsat
The present study deals with the cost effective production of biomass from Fusarium venenatum using different carbon sources (cane sugar, brown sugar, malt and fructose). Optimization of selected carbon sources and seed size using Central Composite Response Surface Design (CCRSD) indicated that sucrose (1.64 g/100 mL) and seed size (10% v/v) were optimal in maximizing biomass yield (0.5602 g/100 mL, p < 0.0001) and protein yield (49.99%, p < 0.01) of Fusarium venenatum. The acetonitrile and methanolic extracts of biomass showed promising antioxidant activity (DPPH assay, 59...
February 13, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194106/reacog-a-minimal-cognitive-controller-based-on-recruitment-of-reactive-systems
#15
Malte Schilling, Holk Cruse
It has often been stated that for a neuronal system to become a cognitive one, it has to be large enough. In contrast, we argue that a basic property of a cognitive system, namely the ability to plan ahead, can already be fulfilled by small neuronal systems. As a proof of concept, we propose an artificial neural network, termed reaCog, that, first, is able to deal with a specific domain of behavior (six-legged-walking). Second, we show how a minor expansion of this system enables the system to plan ahead and deploy existing behavioral elements in novel contexts in order to solve current problems...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193685/neurocomputational-consequences-of-evolutionary-connectivity-changes-in-perisylvian-language-cortex
#16
Malte R Schomers, Max Garagnani, Friedemann Pulvermüller
The human brain sets itself apart from that of its primate relatives by specific neuroanatomical features, especially the strong linkage of left perisylvian language areas (frontal and temporal cortex) by way of the arcuate fasciculus (AF). AF connectivity has been shown to correlate with verbal working memory (VWM) - a specifically human trait providing the foundation for language abilities - but a mechanistic explanation of any related causal link between anatomical structure and cognitive function is still missing...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193478/metabolic-cold-adaptation-contributes-little-to-the-interspecific-variation-in-metabolic-rates-of-65-species-of-drosophilidae
#17
Branwen Messamah, Vanessa Kellermann, Hans Malte, Volker Loeschcke, Johannes Overgaard
Metabolic cold adaptation (MCA) is a controversial hypothesis suggesting that cold adapted species display an elevated metabolic rate (MR) compared to their warm climate relatives. Here we test for the presence of MCA within 65 species of drosophilid flies reared under common garden conditions. MR was measured at both 10 and 20°C for both sexes and data was analyzed in relation to the natural thermal environment of these species. We found considerable interspecific variation in MR ranging from 1.34 to 8.99 µW mg(-1) at 10°C...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192267/posterior-only-vertebral-column-resection-for-the-treatment-of-severe-spinal-deformities-in-pediatric-patients-a-retrospective-case-series
#18
Malte Schroeder, Lennart Viezens, Philip Kunkel, Karsten Ridderbusch, Tim Nicolas Hissnauer, Oliver Dirk Jungesblut, Michael Hoffmann, Johannes Maria Rueger, Ralf Stuecker
OBJECTIVE: The treatment of severe spinal deformities in pediatric patients is very challenging. Posterior only vertebral column resection (PVCR) allows for correcting of severe deformities of the vertebral column via a posterior only procedure. We analyzed radiological outcome of PVCR performed on a series of pediatric patients with severe congenital and acquired spinal deformities. METHODS: A case series of eleven pediatric patients with severe spinal deformity who were treated by PVCR between 2009 and 2013 were retrospectively analyzed...
February 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190393/significance-of-cholinergic-and-peptidergic-nerves-in-stress-induced-ulcer-and-malt-lymphoma-formation
#19
Masahiko Nakamura, Anders Øverby, Akina Uehara, Masaya Oda, Shinichi Takahashi, Somay Y Murayama, Hidenori Matsui
: Backgound: The role of enteric nerves has previously been demonstrated in the formation of several gastric diseases. In the present review, the significance of the cholinergic nerves in stress-induced ulcer formation as well as the importance of substance P in the formation of gastric MALT lymphoma is discussed. METHODS: The stress-induced ulcer was induced by the plaster bandage methods in rats. The gastric MALT lymphoma was formed by the peroral infection of gastric mucosal homogenate of the infected mouse in C57BL/6 mice...
February 10, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188418/interobserver-variability-of-the-house-brackmann-facial-nerve-grading-system-for-the-analysis-of-a-randomized-multi-center-phase-iii-trial
#20
Christian Scheller, Andreas Wienke, Marcos Tatagiba, Alireza Gharabaghi, Kristofer F Ramina, Konstanze Scheller, Julian Prell, Johannes Zenk, Oliver Ganslandt, Barbara Bischoff, Cordula Matthies, Thomas Westermaier, Gregor Antoniadis, Maria Teresa Pedro, Veit Rohde, Kajetan von Eckardstein, Thomas Kretschmer, Malte Kornhuber, Fred G Barker, Christian Strauss
BACKGROUND: Evidence of a high interobserver variability of the subjective House-Brackmann facial nerve grading system (HBGS) would justify cost- and time-consuming technological enhancements of objective classifications for facial nerve paresis. METHOD: A total of 112 patients were recruited for a randomized multi-center trial to investigate the efficacy of prophylactic nimodipine treatment in vestibular schwannoma (VS) surgery. For the present investigation both treatment groups were pooled for the assessment of facial nerve function preoperatively, in the early postoperative course and 1 year after the surgery...
February 10, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
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