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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327885/prison-nursing-legal-framework-and-care-reality
#1
H Carrasco-Baún
INTRODUCTION: Penitentiary Nursing has experienced during the last decades a deep transformation similar to that experienced by the rest of the Nursing. However, there is a great distance from the protective legislation. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the main legal documents which regulate the functions of Penitentiary Nursing and to compare it with the health care reality of nurses in Spanish prisons. METHODOLOGY: Narrative bibliographic review based on various sources such as Medline, Cuiden, Scielo, Dialnet, etc...
June 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276585/electronic-case-report-forms-and-electronic-data-capture-within-clinical-trials-and-pharmacoepidemiology
#2
REVIEW
David A Rorie, Robert W V Flynn, Kerr Grieve, Alexander Doney, Isla Mackenzie, Thomas M MacDonald, Amy Rogers
AIMS: Researchers in clinical and pharmacoepidemiology fields have adopted information technology (IT) and electronic data capture, but these remain underutilised despite the benefits. This review discusses electronic case report forms and electronic data capture, specifically within pharmacoepidemiology and clinical research. METHODS: The review used PubMed and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers library (IEEE). Search terms used were agreed by the authors and documented...
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231623/compassion-fatigue-in-nurses-a-metasynthesis
#3
Anna G W Nolte, Charlene Downing, Annie Temane, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
AIM: The purpose of this research was to interpret the body of qualitative work focusing on compassion fatigue to distill a common understanding that could then be applied to nursing care. BACKGROUND: Complex demands place extraordinary stress on nurses struggling to work in overburdened healthcare systems. The result can be the inability to care well for others, leading to compassion fatigue, burnout, and increased numbers leaving the profession. Meta-synthesis offers a means of more fully illuminating compassion fatigue and further understanding of practices which might reduce its negative consequences...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214991/efficiency-analysis-of-an-interoperable-healthcare-operations-platform
#4
Thomas F Osborne, Reese H Clark, Jason Blackowiak, Patrick J Williamson, Shannon M Werb, Benjamin W Strong
(1) Develop an enterprise platform to unify isolated information, software applications and team members. (2) Assess the efficiency of one benefit of the platform through comparative testing of employee document retrieval times. (3) Evaluate the level of satisfaction among our target audience. We developed an infrastructure to integrate information throughout our practice and make it available on a unified, secure, and remotely accessible platform. We solicited our practice for volunteers to test the new system...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207842/evaluating-evidence-based-health-care-teaching-and-learning-in-the-undergraduate-human-nutrition-occupational-therapy-physiotherapy-and-speech-language-and-hearing-therapy-programs-at-a-sub-saharan-african-academic-institution
#5
Anel Schoonees, Anke Rohwer, Taryn Young
BACKGROUND: It is important that all undergraduate healthcare students are equipped with evidence-based health care (EBHC) knowledge and skills to encourage evidence-informed decision-making after graduation. We assessed EBHC teaching and learning in undergraduate human nutrition (HN); occupational therapy (OT); physiotherapy (PT); and speech, language and hearing therapy (SPLH) programs at a sub-Saharan African university. METHODS: We used methodological triangulation to obtain a comprehensive understanding of EBHC teaching and learning: (1) through a document review of module guides, we identified learning outcomes related to pre-specified EBHC competencies; we conducted (2) focus group discussions and interviews of lecturers to obtain their perspectives on EBHC and on EBHC teaching and learning; and we (3) invited final year students (2013) and 2012 graduates to complete an online survey on EBHC attitudes, self-perceived EBHC competence, and their experience of EBHC teaching and learning...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199277/funding-accountable-care-in-oregon-financial-models-in-two-coordinated-care-organizations
#6
Lauren Broffman, Kristin Brown, Bruce K Bayley, Lucy Savitz, Jill Rissi
Oregon's coordinated care organizations (CCOs) are an integral part of a massive statewide reform that brings accountable care to Medicaid. CCOs are regional collaboratives among health plans, providers, county public health, and communitybased organizations that administer a single global budget covering physical, mental, and dental healthcare for low-income Oregonians. CCOs have been given freedom within the global budget to implement reforms that might capture efficiencies in cost and quality. For this study-fielded between 2012 and 2015-we traced the path of the global budget through the interior structures of two of Oregon's most promising CCOs...
July 2016: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196579/realisation-of-a-joint-consumer-engagement-strategy-in-the-nepean-blue-mountains-region
#7
Ilse Blignault, Diana Aspinall, Lizz Reay, Kay Hyman
Ensuring consumer engagement at different levels of the health system - direct care, organisational design and governance and policy - has become a strategic priority. This case study explored, through interviews with six purposively selected 'insiders' and document review, how one Medicare Local (now a Primary Health Network, PHN) and Local Health District worked together with consumers, to establish a common consumer engagement structure and mechanisms to support locally responsive, integrated and consumer-centred services...
February 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186023/randomized-trial-of-population-based-clinical-decision-support-to-facilitate-care-transitions
#8
Eric L Eisenstein, Janese M Willis, Rex Edwards, Kevin J Anstrom, Kensaku Kawamoto, Guilherme Del Fiol, Fred S Johnson, David F Lobach
Medicaid beneficiaries in 6 North Carolina counties were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 clinical decision support (CDS) care transition strategies: (1) usual care (Control), (2) CDS messaging to patients and their medical homes (Reports), or (3) CDS messaging to patients, their medical homes, and their care managers (Reports+). We included 7146 Medicaid patients and evaluated transitions from specialist visit, ER and hospital encounters back to the patient's medical home. Patients enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid were not eligible...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185257/system-change-interventions-for-smoking-cessation
#9
REVIEW
Dennis Thomas, Michael J Abramson, Billie Bonevski, Johnson George
BACKGROUND: System change interventions for smoking cessation are policies and practices designed by organizations to integrate the identification of smokers and the subsequent offering of evidence-based nicotine dependence treatments into usual care. Such strategies have the potential to improve the provision of smoking cessation support in healthcare settings, and cessation outcomes among those who use them. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of system change interventions within healthcare settings, for increasing smoking cessation or the provision of smoking cessation care, or both...
February 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156494/embedding-palliative-care-pc-in-a-community-based-cancer-center-benefits-and-barriers
#10
John Weems, Robert D Siegel, Teresa N Bowen, Leigh Stinnett, Jennifer Ashley
153 Background: The importance of involving PC early in the disease process of oncology patients is well documented. Decreased symptom burden, increased quality of life, and extended survival are proven outcomes; however, the provision of PC has largely been limited to the acute care setting in most institutions. Bon Secours St. Francis Health System, a community based healthcare system in Greenville, South Carolina, opened a comprehensive cancer center in late 2014. Our established inpatient PC team began seeing outpatients at the cancer center shortly after its opening...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137257/-foreigners-ethnic-minorities-and-non-western-allochtoons-an-analysis-of-the-development-of-ethnicity-in-health-policy-in-the-netherlands-from-1970-to-2015
#11
Alana Helberg-Proctor, Agnes Meershoek, Anja Krumeich, Klasien Horstman
BACKGROUND: The Netherlands, because of the sustained and systematic attention it paid to migrant and minority health issues during the last quarter of the twentieth century, has been depicted as being progressive in its approach to healthcare for migrants and minorities. Recently, however, these progressive policies have changed, reflecting a trend towards problematising issues of integration in order to focus on the responsibilities that migrants and ethnic minorities bear in terms of their health...
January 31, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130505/a-national-evaluation-using-standardised-patient-actors-to-assess-sti-services-in-public-sector-clinical-sentinel-surveillance-facilities-in-south-africa
#12
Pamela K Kohler, Eva Marumo, Suzanne L Jed, Gladys Mema, Sean Galagan, Kenneth Tapia, Erushka Pillay, Julia DeKadt, Evasen Naidoo, Julia C Dombrowski, King K Holmes
OBJECTIVES: Quality concerns in STI service delivery and missed opportunities for integration with HIV testing and prevention services in South Africa have been well documented. This national evaluation aimed to evaluate current utilisation and adherence to national STI guidelines, including partner notification and integration with HIV services, for diagnosis and management of STIs. METHODS: Facility surveys assessed infrastructure and resource availability, and standardised patient (SP) assessments evaluated quality of STI care in 50 public clinics in nine provinces in South Africa...
January 27, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099516/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-rare-diseases-the-orphanet-database
#13
Sonia Pavan, Kathrin Rommel, María Elena Mateo Marquina, Sophie Höhn, Valérie Lanneau, Ana Rath
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for rare diseases (RDs) are scarce, may be difficult to identify through Internet searches and may vary in quality depending on the source and methodology used. In order to contribute to the improvement of the diagnosis, treatment and care of patients, Orphanet (www.orpha.net) has set up a procedure for the selection, quality evaluation and dissemination of CPGs, with the aim to provide easy access to relevant, accurate and specific recommendations for the management of RDs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098712/business-education-for-plastic-surgeons-a-systematic-review-development-and-implementation-of-a-business-principles-curriculum-in-a-residency-program
#14
Bahar Zarrabi, Karen K Burce, Stella M Seal, Scott D Lifchez, Richard J Redett, Kevin Frick, Amir H Dorafshar, Carisa M Cooney
BACKGROUND: Rising healthcare costs, decreasing reimbursement rates, and changes in American healthcare are forcing physicians to become increasingly business-minded. Both academic and private plastic surgeons can benefit from being educated in business principles. We conducted a systematic review to identify existing business curricula and integrated a business principles curriculum into residency training. METHODS: We anonymously surveyed our department regarding perceived importance of business principles and performed a systematic literature review from 1993-2013 using PubMed and Embase to identify residency training programs that had designed/implemented business curricula...
January 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098082/occupational-health-profile-of-workers-employed-in-the-manufacturing-sector-of-india
#15
REVIEW
Shivali Suri, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: The occupational health scenario of workers engaged in the manufacturing sector in India deserves attention for their safety and increasing productivity. We reviewed the status of the manufacturing sector, identified hazards faced by workers, and assessed the existing legislations and healthcare delivery mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2014 to March 2015, we did a literature review by manual search of pre-identified journals, general electronic search, electronic search of dedicated websites/databases and personal communication with experts of occupational health...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094908/improving-utilization-of-the-family-history-in-the-electronic-health-record
#16
Kathleen T Hickey, Maria C Katapodi, Bernice Coleman, Karin Reuter-Rice, Angela R Starkweather
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of Family History in the Electronic Health Record and to identify opportunities to advance the contributions of nurses in obtaining, updating and assessing family history in order to improve the health of all individuals and populations. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: The article presents an overview of the obstacles to charting Family History within the Electronic Health Record and recommendations for using specific Family History tools and core Family History data sets...
January 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086861/managing-shades-of-grey-a-focus-group-study-exploring-community-dwellers-views-on-advance-care-planning-in-older-people
#17
Natasha Michael, Clare O'Callaghan, Emma Sayers
BACKGROUND: Community-dwelling consumers of healthcare are increasing, many aging with life-limiting conditions and deteriorating cognition. However, few have had advance care planning discussions or completed documentation to ensure future care preferences are acted upon. This study examines the awareness, attitudes, and experiences of advance care planning amongst older people and unrelated offspring/caregivers of older people residing in the community. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive research, which included focus groups with older people (55+ years) and older people's offspring/caregivers living in an Australian city and surrounding rural region...
January 13, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063462/going-digital-a-narrative-overview-of-the-clinical-and-organisational-impacts-of-ehealth-technologies-in-hospital-practice
#18
Justin Keasberry, Ian A Scott, Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib, Richard Ashby
Objective The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of hospital-based eHealth technologies on quality, safety and efficiency of care and clinical outcomes.Methods Systematic reviews and reviews of systematic reviews of eHealth technologies published in PubMed/Medline/Cochrane Library between January 2010 and October 2015 were evaluated. Reviews of implementation issues, non-hospital settings or remote care or patient-focused technologies were excluded from analysis. Methodological quality was assessed using a validated appraisal tool...
January 9, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056098/a-model-for-good-governance-of-healthcare-technology-management-in-the-public-sector-learning-from-evidence-informed-policy-development-and-implementation-in-benin
#19
P Th Houngbo, H L S Coleman, M Zweekhorst, Tj De Cock Buning, D Medenou, J F G Bunders
Good governance (GG) is an important concept that has evolved as a set of normative principles for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to strengthen the functional capacity of their public bodies, and as a conditional prerequisite to receive donor funding. Although much is written on good governance, very little is known on how to implement it. This paper documents the process of developing a strategy to implement a GG model for Health Technology Management (HTM) in the public health sector, based on lessons learned from twenty years of experience in policy development and implementation in Benin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052316/training-interventions-for-improving-telephone-consultation-skills-in-clinicians
#20
REVIEW
Alberto Vaona, Yannis Pappas, Rumant S Grewal, Mubasshir Ajaz, Azeem Majeed, Josip Car
BACKGROUND: Since 1879, the year of the first documented medical telephone consultation, the ability to consult by telephone has become an integral part of modern patient-centred healthcare systems. Nowadays, upwards of a quarter of all care consultations are conducted by telephone. Studies have quantified the impact of medical telephone consultation on clinicians' workload and detected the need for quality improvement. While doctors routinely receive training in communication and consultation skills, this does not necessarily include the specificities of telephone communication and consultation...
January 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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