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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932872/clinimetric-testing-of-the-lumbar-spine-instability-questionnaire
#1
Bruno T Saragiotto, Chris G Maher, Charles H New, Mark Catley, Mark J Hancock, Chad Cook, Paul W Hodges
Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background The Lumbar Spine Instability Questionnaire (LSIQ) is a self-report measure of 15 items. Previous studies have used the LSIQ as a measure of clinical instability; however, a comprehensive evaluation of its clinimetric properties has not been conducted. Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinimetric properties of the LSIQ in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP). Methods We included patients with non-specific LBP presenting to primary care clinicians in Australia...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924673/the-use-of-an-e-learning-module-on-return-to-work-advice-for-physiotherapists-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Fiona Chance-Larsen, Kenneth Chance-Larsen, Anestis Divanoglou, Andrew Baird
BACKGROUND: Nonspecific low back pain (LBP) can progress to chronic disability and prolonged absence from work. Despite clinical and professional guidelines, physiotherapists often fail to address return to work outcomes. AIMS: The aim of this exploratory study was to determine whether an e-learning resource tailored to physiotherapy practice could affect physiotherapists' attitudes and beliefs regarding return to work advice for their patients. DESIGN: A prospective interventional cohort study (pilot)...
June 20, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922744/anti-nerve-growth-factor-therapy-attenuates-cutaneous-hypersensitivity-and-musculoskeletal-discomfort-in-mice-with-osteoporosis
#3
Miyako Suzuki, Magali Millecamps, Seiji Ohtori, Chisato Mori, Laura S Stone
Introduction: The prevalence of osteoporosis is increasing with the aging population and is associated with increased risk of fracture and chronic pain. Osteoporosis is currently treated with bisphosphonate therapy to attenuate bone loss. We previously reported that improvement in bone mineral density is not sufficient to reduce osteoporosis-related pain in an ovariectomy (OVX)-induced mouse model of osteoporosis, highlighting the need for new treatments. Targeting of nerve growth factor (NGF) with sequestering antibodies is a promising new direction for the treatment of musculoskeletal pain including back pain and arthritis...
May 2018: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922466/hidradenitis-suppurativa-with-sapho-syndrome-maintained-effectively-with-adalimumab-methotrexate-and-intralesional-corticosteroid-injections
#4
Erika L Crowley, Ashley O'Toole, Melinda J Gooderham
Introduction: Hidradenitis suppurativa and synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis syndrome are chronic, debilitating diseases involving apocrine gland-bearing skin inflammation and bone inflammation, respectively. Although both often present with multiple comorbidities, single patient co-presentation is rare. Methods/Results: This study reports the 8-year treatment course of a 40-year-old man with hidradenitis suppurativa and synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis syndrome, and reviews relevant literature...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913975/epidemiology-of-persistent-postoperative-pain-association-of-persistent-pain-and-sensory-abnormalities
#5
A Johansen, L Romundstad, C S Nielsen, H Schirmer, A E Eggen, A Stubhaug
Background The prevalence of persistent postoperative pain in the general population is poorly documented, but clinical studies indicate that the problem is common. Aim The aim of this study was (1) to assess the prevalence of persistent postoperative pain among individuals operated during the last 3 years in a general population and (2) to describe factors associated with chronic postoperative pain. Materials and methods As part of a cross-sectional health survey in the municipality of Tromsø, North Norway, all participants answered questions on surgery, persisting pain and sensory abnormalities in the area of surgery...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913966/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-current-approach-and-historical-background
#6
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Introduction We have developed somatocognitive therapy as a hybrid of Mensendieck physiotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy. Womenwith chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and vulvodynia (chronic pain of the vulvae and vestibulum, VD) were recruited into two separate treatment protocols as described. Methods 60 patients with CPP were recruited from the Department of Gynaecology at the Oslo University Hospital into a randomized, controlled intervention study. The patients were randomized into three treatment groups, receiving (1) treatment as usual, (2) somatocognitive therapy, and (3) in addition receiving cognitive therapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913953/swedish-nurses-are-prone-to-chronic-shoulder-and-back-pain-because-of-miserable-working-conditions-and-poor-leadership
#7
Tone Rustøen, Sanna Salanterä
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913892/mortality-rate-and-causes-of-death-in-women-with-self-reported-musculoskeletal-pain-results-from-a-17-year-follow-up-study
#8
Anne K Nitter, Karin Ø Forseth
Aabstract Introduction Chronic musculoskeletal pain represents a significant health problem among adults in Norway. The prevalence of chronic pain is reported to be 35-53% in cross sectional studies of both genders. For many years, it has been a common opinion among medical doctors that chronic pain may indeed reduce a person's quality of life, but not affect life expectancy. However, over the previous two decades, reports about mortality and cause of death in individuals with chronic pain have been published...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913889/the-association-between-physicians-attitudes-to-psychosocial-aspects-of-low-back-pain-and-reported-clinical-behaviour-a-complex-issue
#9
Anna L Valjakka, Sanna Salanterä, Aarno Laitila, Juhani Julkunen, Nora M Hagelberg
Background and aim Physicians' attitudes predict clinical decision making and treatment choices, but the association between attitudes and behaviour is complex. Treatment guidelines for non-specific low back pain (LBP) include recommendations of early assessment of psychosocial risk factors forchronic pain, patient education and reassurance. Implication of these principles is demanding, and many patients are not referred for appropriate treatments due to a lack of systematic screening of psychosocial risk factors for chronic pain...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913872/are-sleep-problems-and-non-specific-health-complaints-risk-factors-for-chronic-pain-a-prospective-population-based-study-with-17-year-follow-up
#10
Anne K Nitter, Are H Pripp, Karin Ø Forseth
Introduction Chronic musculoskeletal pain represents a significant health problem among adults in Norway. The prevalence of chronic pain can be up to 50% in both genders. However, the prevalence of chronic widespread pain is significantly higher in females than in males. Chronic widespread pain is seen as the end of a continuum of pain. There is rather sparse knowledge about the incidence of pain in initially pain free individuals and the course of self-reported pain over time. Moreover, little is known about risk factors for incidence of chronic pain or prognostic factors for the course of self-reported pain...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913871/-central-sensitization-in-chronic-neck-shoulder-pain
#11
Dagfinn Matre, Stein Knardahl
Background and purpose 'Central sensitization' (CS) may play a major role in maintaining several chronic pain conditions. CS has been proposed to play a significant role in a range of musculoskeletal pain conditions, such as trapezius myalgia, fibromyalgia, temporomandibular disorders, and low back pain. Whether CS varies over time within an individual is not known. This study evaluated (1) whether there is an intraindividual association between clinical pain and signs of CS, and (2) whether there is an inter-individual association between clinical pain and signs of CS...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913730/chronic-postoperative-pain-and-sensory-changes-following-reduction-mammaplasty
#12
REVIEW
Marie L von Sperling, Hilde Høimyr, Kenneth Finnerup, Troels S Jensen, Nanna B Finnerup
Background Few studies have examined persistent pain after reduction mammaplasty, and sensory changes remain a controversial subject with studies reporting both reduced, improved, and unchanged skin sensitivity following surgery. The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence, character, and impact of sensory changes and persistent pain following breast reduction surgery and to assess possible causes and predictors of persistent sensory changes and chronic pain. Methods In May 2010, a detailed questionnaire was mailed to all 109 patients who underwent reduction mammaplasty at the Department of Plastic Surgery, Aalborg Hospital from September 2004 to February 2010...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913715/repeated-sinomenine-administration-alleviates-chronic-neuropathic-pain-like-behaviours-in-rodents-without-producing-tolerance
#13
Tianle Gao, Tiansheng Shi, Dan-Qiao Wang, Zsuzsanna Wiesenfeld-Hallin, Xiao-Jun Xu
Background and aims We have previously reported that systemic administration of sinomenine produced antinociception in various experimental pain conditions in rodents, particularly in models of neuropathic pain. In the present study we assessed the effects of repeated administration of sinomenine in two rodent models of neuropathic pain in order to study the development of tolerance. Methods The analgesic effect of sinomenine was tested in female Sprague-Dawley rats that exhibited mechanical and cold hypersensitivity following ischaemic injury to the spinal cord and in male C57/BL6 mice that developed mechanical hypersensitivity after ischaemic injury to the sciatic nerve...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913713/spinal-cord-stimulation-background-and-clinical-application
#14
Kaare Meier
Background Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a surgical treatment for chronic neuropathic pain refractory to conventional treatment. SCS treatment consists of one or more leads implanted in the epidural space of the spinal canal, connected to an implantable pulse generator (IPG). Each lead carries a number of contacts capable of delivering a weak electrical current to the spinal cord, evoking a feeling of peripheral paresthesia. With correct indication and if implanted by an experienced implanter, success rates generally are in the range of about 50-75%...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913712/psychological-factors-in-genital-pain-the-role-of-fear-avoidance-pain-catastrophizing-and-anxiety-sensitivity-among-women-living-in-sweden
#15
Johanna Thomtén, Andreas Karlsson
Objectives One in five women under the age of 30 report recurrent genital pain and pain during sexual intercourse. Female genital pain negatively affects sexual and general health, as well as dyadic function and quality of life. Although the current field of research and clinical expertise in general agree upon a biopsychosocial conceptualization, there is still a lack of theoretical models describing the psychosocial mechanisms involved in the development of genital pain. Originally developed to outline the transition from acute to chronic back pain, the fear avoidance (FA) model has lately been proposed as a possible tool in illustrating the mechanisms involved in genital pain...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913651/effectiveness-of-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-treatment-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-in-a-primary-health-care-unit
#16
Klaus Felix Stein, Adriana Miclescu
Background In recent years, multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR) became an alternative treatment option for chronic non-cancer pain. MDR is mostly available in specialized pain units, usually at rehabilitation centers where the level of knowledge and therapeutically options to treat pain conditions are considered to be high. There is strong evidence that MDR in specialized pain units is affecting pain and improves the quality of life in a sustainable manner. There are few studies about MDR outcome in primary health care, especially in those units situated in rural areas and with a different population than that encountered in specialized hospitals...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911986/treatment-of-chronic-back-and-chest-pain-patient-with-sicklecell-disease-using-spinal-cord-stimulation
#17
Damla Yürük, İbrahim Aşık
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911630/chronic-nonmalignant-pain-at-a-mono-disciplinary-pain-clinic-identifying-the-key-patient-groups-for-targeted-health-promotion-a-cohort-study
#18
C Hansen
Aims To identify and describe the most common category of patients in a newly established mono-disciplinary pain clinic, in order to plan, test, evaluate and implement targeted health promotion interventions. Methods The study was a register-based retrospective cohort study comprising data from the hospital registration system GS!open. Including chronic non-malignant pain patients in the period January 1st 2013 to December 31st 2014; analysing only patients who underwent a treatment trajectory by the mono-disciplinary pain clinic...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909231/effects-of-unstable-shoes-on-trunk-muscle-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#19
P Salvador-Coloma, M D Arguisuelas, J Doménech-Fernández, D Sánchez-Zuriaga, J J Amer-Cuenca, J Martínez-Gramage, F J Montañez-Aguilera, J F Lisón
INTRODUCTION: Unstable shoes were developed as a walking device to strengthen the lower extremity muscles and reduce joint loading. Many studies have reported increased muscle activity throughout the gait cycle in most of the lower limb muscles in healthy adults using these shoes. However, no previous studies have explored the effects of wearing unstable shoes on trunk muscle activity in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to compare the activity of selected trunk muscles in patients with CLBP during a gait test while walking wearing unstable shoes or conventional flat shoes (control)...
June 11, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909228/gender-differences-in-postural-control-in-people-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain
#20
Buse Ozcan Kahraman, Turhan Kahraman, Orhan Kalemci, Yesim Salik Sengul
BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported that there are several differences between genders which may result in altered neuromuscular control. Although the existing evidence suggests that low back pain (LBP) affects the ability to control posture, there is little evidence the gender differences in postural control in people with nonspecific chronic LBP. RESEARCH QUESTION: Are there any gender differences in postural control and correlations between postural control, pain, disability, and fear of movement in people with nonspecific chronic LBP? METHODS: Static and dynamic postural control were evaluated using a computerized postural control assessment tool including assessments for limits of stability (LOS), unilateral stance, and modified clinical test of sensory interaction on balance...
June 11, 2018: Gait & Posture
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