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Dihydromyricetin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934913/flavonoid-compounds-related-to-seed-coat-color-of-wheat
#1
Noriko Kohyama, Makiko Chono, Hiroyuki Nakagawa, Yosuke Matsuo, Hiroshi Ono, Hitoshi Matsunaka
In red wheat, reddish-brown pigments accumulate in testa of mature seeds. Half-cut wheat seeds were immersed in p-dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde (DMACA) reagent that stains flavanol structures blue. Testa of 10-40 days after flowering (DAF) in red wheat ("Norin 61" and "Satonosora") seeds were stained blue and the reagent color changed to blue with 10-25 DAF seeds. No blue staining was observed in white wheat ("Tamaizumi") seeds during maturation. "Norin 61" seed coats at 10 DAF contained dihydroquercetin, dihydromyricetin, (+)-catechin, procyanidin B3, and prodelphinidin B3, which were identified by HPLC-diode array detector and LC-MS/MS analyses...
September 22, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795912/effects-of-verapamil-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-dihydromyricetin-in-rats-and-its-potential-mechanism
#2
Yixiang Huang, Junyong Zhao, Wei Jian, Gang Wang
1. This study investigates the effects of verapamil on the pharmacokinetics of dihydromyricetin in rats and clarifies its main mechanism. 2. The pharmacokinetic profiles of oral or intravenous administration of dihydromyricetin in Sprague-Dawley rats with or without pretreatment with verapamil were investigated. In addition, the effects of verapamil on the transport and metabolic stability of dihydromyricetin were investigated using Caco-2 cell transwell model and rat liver microsomes. 3. In oral group, verapamil could significantly increase Cmax, and decrease oral clearance of dihydromyricetin (P < 0...
August 10, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686246/an-inhibition-mechanism-of-dihydromyricetin-on-tyrosinase-and-the-joint-effects-of-vitamins-b6-d3-or-e
#3
Meihui Fan, Guowen Zhang, Junhui Pan, Deming Gong
Dihydromyricetin (DMY), a natural flavonoid, was found to effectively inhibit tyrosinase activity in a mixed-type manner with an IC50 value of (3.66 ± 0.14) × 10(-5) mol L(-1). DMY combined with the dietary vitamin D3 at lower concentrations exhibited a synergistic effect on the inhibition of tyrosinase. The formation of a DMY-tyrosinase complex led to fluorescence quenching and conformational changes of tyrosinase, which was driven mainly by hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonds. The molecular simulation further found that DMY inserted into the active pocket of tyrosinase interacted with amino acid residues Tyr78, His85, and Ala323, occupying the catalytic center of tyrosinase to hinder entrance of the substrate, leading to the inhibition of tyrosinase...
July 19, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681913/targeting-p-glycoprotein-and-sorcin-dihydromyricetin-strengthens-anti-proliferative-efficiency-of-adriamycin-via-mapk-erk-and-ca-2-mediated-apoptosis-pathways-in-mcf-7-adr-and-k562-adr
#4
Yaoting Sun, Changyuan Wang, Qiang Meng, Zhihao Liu, Xiaokui Huo, Pengyuan Sun, Huijun Sun, Xiaodong Ma, Jinyong Peng, Kexin Liu
Recently, a new target Ca(2+) -binding protein SORCIN was reported to participate in multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer. Here we aim to investigate whether dihydromyricetin (DMY), a dihydroflavonol compound with anti-inflamatory, anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial and anti-tumor actions, reverses MDR in MCF-7/ADR and K562/ADR and to elucidate its potential molecular mechanism. DMY enhanced cytotoxicity of adriamycin (ADR) by downregulating MDR1 mRNA and P-gp expression through MAPK/ERK pathway and also inhibiting the function of P-gp significantly...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614988/in-vitro-inhibitory-effects-of-dihydromyricetin-on-human-liver-cytochrome-p450-enzymes
#5
Lu Liu, Sen Sun, Hongbing Rui, Xiaohua Li
CONTEXT: Dihydromyricetin (DHM) is the most abundant and active flavonoid component isolated from Ampelopsis grossedentata (Hand-Mazz) W.T. Wang (Vitaceae) and it possesses numerous pharmacological activities. However, whether DHM affects the activity of human liver cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The inhibitory effects of DHM on eight human liver CYP isoforms (i.e., 1A2, 3A4, 2A6, 2E1, 2D6, 2C9, 2C19 and 2C8) were investigated in vitro using human liver microsomes (HLMs)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612103/dihydromyricetin-protects-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-from-injury-through-erk-and-akt-mediated-nrf2-ho-1-signaling-pathway
#6
Yun Luo, Shan Lu, Xi Dong, Lijia Xu, Guibo Sun, Xiaobo Sun
Atherosclerosis-related cardiovascular disease is the predominant cause of death worldwide. Ox-LDL-induced vascular endothelial cell injury is a major factor in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Dihydromyricetin (DMY) is a flavonoid extracted from vine tea that exerts multiple pharmacological activities, including cardio-protective, anti-tumor, and anti-oxidative effects. However, it is unreported that DMY shows protective effects on ox-LDL-induced endothelial cell injury. In this study, we used an ox-LDL injured human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) in vitro model to explore the protective effects and mechanism of DMY...
June 13, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544960/anti-biofilm-effect-of-dihydromyricetin-loaded-nanocapsules-on-urinary-catheter-infected-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#7
A J F Dalcin, C G Santos, S S Gündel, I Roggia, R P Raffin, A F Ourique, R C V Santos, P Gomes
Nosocomial infections associated with biofilm formation on urinary catheters are among the leading causes of complications due to biofilm characteristics and high antimicrobial resistance. An interesting alternative are natural products, such as Dihydromyricetin (DMY), a flavonoid which presents several pharmacological properties, including strong antimicrobial activity against various microorganisms. However, DMY, has low aqueous solubility and consequently low bioavailability. Nanoencapsulation can contribute to the improvement of characteristics of some drugs, by increasing the apparent solubility and sustained release has been reported among other advantages...
May 15, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534405/tissue-distribution-excretion-and-metabolic-profile-of-dihydromyricetin-a-flavonoid-from-vine-tea-ampelopsis-grossedentata-after-oral-administration-in-rats
#8
Li Fan, Qing Tong, Weiwei Dong, Guangjie Yang, Xiaolong Hou, Wei Xiong, Chunyang Shi, Jianguo Fang, Wenqing Wang
Dihydromyricetin (DMY), a flavanonol compound found as the most abundant and bioactive constituent in vine tea (Ampelopsis grossedentata), possesses numerous biological activities. In the present study, an HPLC-MS/MS method for the determination of DMY in tissues, urine, and feces was developed and applied to the tissue distribution and excretion study after oral administration in rats, and the metabolic profile of DMY was further investigated using UPLC-QTOF-MS. The results indicated that DMY could be distributed rapidly in various tissues and highly in the gastrointestinal tract...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500865/dihydromyricetin-ameliorates-atherosclerosis-in-ldl-receptor-deficient-mice
#9
Ting Ting Liu, Yi Zeng, Kun Tang, XueMeng Chen, Wei Zhang, Xiao Le Xu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dihydromyricetin, the most abundant flavonoid in Ampelopsis grossedentata, exerts numerous pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, and lipid regulatory activities; however, its protective effect against atherosclerosis remains poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of dihydromyricetin on high fat diet (HFD)-induced atherosclerosis using LDL receptor deficient (LDLr(-/-)) mice. METHODS: Blood samples were collected for determination of serum lipid profiles, oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) and pro-inflammatory cytokines...
May 5, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490955/protection-of-oxidative-stress-induced-apoptosis-in-osteosarcoma-cells-by-dihydromyricetin-through-down-regulation-of-caspase-activation-and-up-regulation-of-bcl-2
#10
Yuming Wang, Wei Wang, Enduo Qiu
Current study was aimed to investigate the effect of dihydromyricetin on hydrogen peroxide induced oxidative stress in the osteosarcoma cells. MTT assay showed that hydrogen peroxide treatment at a concentration of 100 μM caused a significant (p < 0.005) reduction in the viability of MG63 cells. However, reduction in cell viability caused by 100 μM concentration of hydrogen peroxide was completely prevented on incubation with 30 μM dose of dihydromyricetin. Treatment with 100 μM concentration of hydrogen peroxide for 24 h led to condensation of chromatin material, rounding of cell shape and detachment of cells...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482716/dihydromyricetin-induces-apoptosis-and-cytoprotective-autophagy-through-ros-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-in-human-melanoma-cells
#11
Ding-Zhou Zhou, Hai-Ying Sun, Jing-Qi Yue, Yong Peng, Yi-Ming Chen, Zhi-Jian Zhong
Dihydromyricetin (DHM), a Rattan tea extract, has recently been shown to have anti-cancer activity in mammalian cells. In the present study, we investigated the effect of DHM on human melanoma cells. Apart from induction of apoptosis, we demonstrated that DHM induced an autophagic response. Moreover, pharmacological inhibition or genetic blockade of autophagy enhanced DHM-induced cell death and apoptosis, indicating the cytoprotective role of autophagy in DHM-treated human melanoma cells. Further study suggested that the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway was involved in DHM-induced autophagy...
May 8, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466863/erratum-dihydromyricetin-protects-neurons-in-an-mptp-induced-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-by-suppressing-glycogen-synthase-kinase-3-beta-activity
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436480/dihydromyricetin-induces-apoptosis-and-reverses-drug-resistance-in-ovarian-cancer-cells-by-p53-mediated-downregulation-of-survivin
#13
Yingqi Xu, Shengpeng Wang, Hon Fai Chan, Huaiwu Lu, Zhongqiu Lin, Chengwei He, Meiwan Chen
Ovarian cancer is one of the leading causes of death in gynecological malignancies, and the resistance to chemotherapeutic agents remains a major challenge to successful ovarian cancer chemotherapy. Dihydromyricetin (DHM), a natural flavonoid derived from Ampeopsis Grossdentata, has been widely applied in food industry and medicine for a long time. However, little is known about the effects of DHM on ovarian cancer and the underlying mechanisms. In this study, we demonstrated that DHM could effectively inhibit the proliferation of ovarian cancer cells and induce cell apoptosis...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421194/dihydromyricetin-protects-against-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#14
Bin Wu, Jie Lin, Jian Luo, Dong Han, Miaomiao Fan, Tao Guo, Ling Tao, Ming Yuan, Fu Yi
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is an important cause of heart failure in diabetic patients. The present study sought to explore the potential effects of dihydromyricetin (DHM) on DCM and its possible mechanism. A diabetic model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) in C57BL/6J mice. Two weeks after the STZ injection, mice were randomly allocated into the following 4 groups for treatment: the control group (CON), the control treated with DHM group (CON + DHM), the diabetes group (DM), and the diabetes treated with DHM group (DM + DHM)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419832/dihydromyricetin-modulates-p62-and-autophagy-crosstalk-with-the-keap-1-nrf2-pathway-to-alleviate-ethanol-induced-hepatic-injury
#15
Ping Qiu, Yu Dong, Bo Li, Xian-Jie Kang, Chao Gu, Tao Zhu, Yun-Yun Luo, Min-Xia Pang, Wei-Feng Du, Wei-Hong Ge
Increasing evidence has demonstrated that dihydromyricetin (DMY) contains highly effective antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and anti-diabetic properties. Nevertheless, the underlying hepatoprotective mechanisms of DMY have infrequently been reported thus far. In the present study, C57BL/6 mice were fed with the Lieber-DeCarli diet containing alcohol or isocaloric maltose dextrin as a control diet with or without DMY (75 and 150mg/kg/d bw) for 6 weeks. DMY significantly attenuated hepatic enzyme release, hepatic lipid peroxidation and triglyceride deposition induced by chronic alcohol exposure...
May 15, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414055/dihydromyricetin-attenuated-ang-ii-induced-cardiac-fibroblasts-proliferation-related-to-inhibitory-of-oxidative-stress
#16
Qiuyi Song, Lulu Liu, Jin Yu, Jingyao Zhang, Mengting Xu, Linlin Sun, Huiqin Luo, Zhaosong Feng, Guoliang Meng
Dihydromyricetin (DMY) is one of the most important flavonoids in vine tea, which showed several pharmacological effects. However, information about the potential role of DMY on angiotensin II (Ang II) induced cardiac fibroblasts proliferation remains unknown. In the present study, cardiac fibroblasts isolated from neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with different concentrations of DMY (0-320μM) for 4h, or DMY (80μM) for different time (0-24h), followed by Ang II (100nM) stimulation for 24h, Then number of cardiac fibroblasts and content of hydroxyproline was measured...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400785/dihydroflavonol-4-reductase-genes-from-freesia-hybrida-play-important-and-partially-overlapping-roles-in-the-biosynthesis-of-flavonoids
#17
Yueqing Li, Xingxue Liu, Xinquan Cai, Xiaotong Shan, Ruifang Gao, Song Yang, Taotao Han, Shucai Wang, Li Wang, Xiang Gao
Dihydroflavonol-4-reductase (DFR) is a key enzyme in the reduction of dihydroflavonols to leucoanthocyanidins in both anthocyanin biosynthesis and proanthocyanidin accumulation. In many plant species, it is encoded by a gene family, however, how the different copies evolve either to function in different tissues or at different times or to specialize in the use of different but related substrates needs to be further investigated, especially in monocot plants. In this study, a total of eight putative DFR-like genes were firstly cloned from Freesia hybrida...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393183/anti%C3%A2-inflammatory-effects-of-dihydromyricetin-in-a-mouse-model-of-asthma
#18
Bin Xu, Shuran Huang, Caiying Wang, Haitao Zhang, Shengcun Fang, Yingming Zhang
Dihydromyricetin (DHM) is a plant flavonoid and is the primary active ingredient isolated from the medicinal herb, Ampelopsis grossedentata. DHM has been shown to possess various pharmacological activities, including anti‑inflammatory effects. However, the possible role of DHM in asthma treatment remains to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate its anti‑inflammatory properties in mice with symptoms of allergic asthma. The C57BL/6 mice were sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin (OVA) to induce asthma...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381351/dihydromyricetin-induces-mitochondria-mediated-apoptosis-in-hepg2-cells-through-down-regulation-of-the-akt-bad-pathway
#19
Zhuangwei Zhang, Huiqin Zhang, Shiyong Chen, Yan Xu, Anjun Yao, Qi Liao, Liyuan Han, Zuquan Zou, Xiaohong Zhang
The plant flavonol dihydromyricetin (DHM) was reported to induce apoptosis in human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells. This study was undertaken to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism of action of DHM. In the study, DHM down-regulated Akt expression and its phosphorylation at Ser473, up-regulated the levels of mitochondrial proapoptotic proteins Bax and Bad, and inhibited the phosphorylation of Bad at Ser136 and Ser112. It also inhibited the expression of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 and enhanced the cleavage and activation of caspase-3 as well as the degradation of its downstream target poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase...
February 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363698/dihydromyricetin-prevents-obesity-induced-slow-twitch-fiber-reduction-partially-via-flcn-fnip1-ampk-pathway
#20
Qicheng Zhou, Yeyun Gu, Hedong Lang, Xiaolan Wang, Ka Chen, Xinhua Gong, Min Zhou, Li Ran, Jundong Zhu, Mantian Mi
Obesity is often accompanied by decreases in the proportion of skeletal muscle slow-twitch fibers and insulin sensitivity. Increased plasma non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) levels are responsible for obesity-associated insulin resistance. Palmitate, one of the most elevated plasma NEFA in obesity, has been recognized as the principle inducer of insulin resistance. The present study showed that increased plasma NEFA levels were negatively linked to slow-twitch fiber proportion and insulin sensitivity, while slow-twitch fiber proportion was positively correlated to insulin sensitivity in high fat diet (HFD)-fed and ob/ob mice...
March 29, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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