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Haimin Zou, Chen Zhou, Chengjun Sun, Xiaosong Yang, Jun Wen, Yongxin Li, Hongyan Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To develop a simple and sensitive high performance liquid chromatographic method for simultaneous determination of catechin hydrate, epicatechin, epigallocatechin, epicatechin gallate, epigallocatechin gallate, dihydromyricetin, glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid in healthy food for anti-hangover and hepatoprotection, and compare with the capillary electrophoresis method established by our laboratory. METHODS: The samples were ultrasonically extracted by using methanol-water( 4∶ 1, V/V) for 30 minutes and then centrifuged at 10 000 r/min for 10 minutes...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Jie Feng, Jingxue Wang, Yehong Du, Ying Liu, Wei Zhang, Jingfei Chen, Yuanjie Liu, Min Zheng, Kejian Wang, Guiqiong He
BACKGROUND: Activated microglia-mediated inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In addition, chronic activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes triggered by amyloid β peptide (Aβ) in microglia contributes to persistent neuroinflammation. Here, the primary goal was to assess whether Dihydromyricetin (DHM), a plant flavonoid compound, is effective therapies for AD; it is crucial to know whether DHM will affect microglial activation and neuroinflammation in APP/PS1 transgenic mice...
June 4, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Yan-Ping Wu, Jin-Rong Bai, Elena Grosu, Kai Zhong, Li-Jin Liu, Meng-Meng Tang, Yi-Na Huang, Hong Gao
The adherence and biofilm formation of Staphylococcus aureus on food contact surfaces are a major concern for the food industry. Development of antibiofilm agents from polyphenols has drawn much attention due to their potent activity. The present study explored the antibacterial and antibiofilm activities of 2R,3R-dihydromyricetin (DMY) against S. aureus ATCC 29213. It was found that DMY exerted excellent antibacterial and bactericidal properties against S. aureus with minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration values of 0...
May 30, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Yukuo Li, Jinbao Fang, Xiujuan Qi, Miaomiao Lin, Yunpeng Zhong, Leiming Sun, Wen Cui
To assess the interrelation between the change of metabolites and the change of fruit color, we performed a combined metabolome and transcriptome analysis of the flesh in two different Actinidia arguta cultivars: "HB" ("Hongbaoshixing") and "YF" ("Yongfengyihao") at two different fruit developmental stages: 70d (days after full bloom) and 100d (days after full bloom). Metabolite and transcript profiling was obtained by ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometer and high-throughput RNA sequencing, respectively...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Mohamed F AlAjmi, Md Tabish Rehman, Afzal Hussain, Gulam Mohmad Rather
Polo-like kinase-1 (PLK-1) plays a key role in cell cycle progression during mitosis. Overexpression/dysfunction of PLK-1 is directly associated with cancerous transformation and has been reported in different cancer types. Here, we employed high throughput virtual screening and molecular docking to screen Selleck's natural compound library against PLK-1 kinase domain. We have identified eight bioactive compounds (Apigenin, Dihydromyricetin, Diosmetin, Hesperidin, Hesperitin, Naringenin, Phlorizi, and Quercetin) as the potential inhibitors of PLK-1...
May 5, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Mónica Escandón, Mónica Meijón, Luis Valledor, Jesús Pascual, Gloria Pinto, María Jesús Cañal
The integrative omics approach is crucial to identify the molecular mechanisms underlying high-temperature response in non-model species. Based on future scenarios of heat increase, Pinus radiata plants were exposed to a temperature of 40°C for a period of 5 days, including recovered plants (30 days after last exposure to 40°C) in the analysis. The analysis of the metabolome using complementary mass spectrometry techniques (GC-MS and LC-Orbitrap-MS) allowed the reliable quantification of 2,287 metabolites...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Dafeng Yang, Shenglan Tan, Zhousheng Yang, Pei Jiang, Caie Qin, Qiong Yuan, Ruili Dang, Xiaoxia Yao, Jian Qu, Qiong Lu, Ping Xu, Bikui Zhang, Daxiong Xiang, Lei Chen
Accumulating studies demonstrate that dihydromyricetin (DMY), a compound extracted from Chinese traditional herb, Ampelopsis grossedentata , attenuates atherosclerotic process by improvement of endothelial dysfunction. However, the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate the potential mechanism behind the attenuating effects of DMY on tumor necrosis factor alpha- (TNF- α -) induced endothelial dysfunction. In response to TNF- α , microRNA-21 (miR-21) expression was significantly increased in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), in line with impaired endothelial dysfunction as evidenced by decreased tube formation and migration, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) (ser1177) phosphorylation, dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolases 1 (DDAH1) expression and metabolic activity, and nitric oxide (NO) concentration as well as increased asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels...
2018: BioMed Research International
Li Fan, Xinyuan Zhao, Qing Tong, Xiya Zhou, Jing Chen, Wei Xiong, Jianguo Fang, Wenqing Wang, Chunyang Shi
Dihydromyricetin (DMY) is the main bioactive constituent in vine tea (Ampelopsis grossedentata), which was predominantly distributed in the gastrointestinal tract and showed poor oral bioavailability. Our aim was to systematically investigate the interactions of DMY with gut microbiota. Through the metabolism study of DMY by fecal microflora in vitro, it was found that DMY could be metabolized into three metabolites by fecal microflora via reduction and dehydroxylation pathways, and the dehydroxylation metabolite was the dominant one...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science
Jianguo Chu, Xiujun Wang, Huanjie Bi, Lifeng Li, Mingguang Ren, Jingwei Wang
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory and autoimmune disease. In this research, we estimated the protective effects of Dihydromyricetin (DMY) on RA induced by Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA). We found that DMY effectively relieved rheumatoid arthritis symptoms, such as body weight change, paw swelling and rheumatoid arthritis scores. In addition, we also observed that DMY significantly lowered the immune organ indexes (including thymus and spleen) and exhibited the anti-inflammatory effect in CFA-induced rheumatoid arthritis...
June 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Sha Xie, Ting Zhao, Zhenwen Zhang, Jiangfei Meng
Vitis vinifera has been thought to be unable to produce pelargonidin-type anthocyanins because its dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR) does not efficiently reduce dihydrokaempferol. However, in this study, pelargonidin 3- O-glucoside was detected in the skins of V. vinifera 'Pinot Noir', 'Cabernet Sauvignon', and 'Yan73', as well as in the flesh of 'Yan73' by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. Additionally, pelargonidin 3- O-(6-acetyl)-glucoside was detected in 'Yan73' skin and flesh for the first time. To further confirm the presence of pelargonidin-type anthocyanins in these grape cultivars, their DFRs were cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli, and purified...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Bo Wang, Yunfang Xiao, Xiaofeng Yang, Yanhao He, Ting Jing, Weirong Wang, Jiye Zhang, Rong Lin
Dihydromyricetin (DHM), a bioactive flavonoid component isolated from Ampelopsis grossedentata, is known to have anti-inflammatory effect, but the effect of DHM on acute lung injury (ALI) is largely unknown. Here, we investigated the effect of DHM on ALI and the underlying mechanism by bioinformatic analyses and animal experiments. We found that pretreatment with DHM ameliorated lung pathological changes and suppressed the inflammation response in lung tissues after LPS challenge. The potential targets of DHM were predicted by DDI-CPI and DRAR-CPI tools and analyzed using the STRING server to predict the functionally related signaling pathways, such as MAPK signaling...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Yi Zeng, Yi Peng, Kun Tang, Yu Qin Wang, Zhe Yu Zhao, Xin Yu Wei, Xiao Le Xu
As the most abundant flavonoid in Ampelopsis grossedentata, the protective effects of dihydromyricetin on atherosclerosis have been well established, yet the detailed mechanisms are not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of dihydromyricetin on lipid accumulation and the underlying molecular mechanisms in macrophages and ApoE-/- mice. Incubation with dihydromyricetin significantly attenuated oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-mediated cholesterol and lipid accumulation in THP-1-derived macrophages, which was due to increased cholesterol efflux...
May 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Cong Liu, Jia-Liang Wu, Na Zhao, Jian Sun, Xiao-Xia Shen, Zhi-An Wang
The contents of dihydromyricetin and total flavonoids of Hovenia acerba seeds were detected by HPLC-DAD and UV spectrophotometer. And then the correlation between the habitat, phenotype and quality of H. acerba seeds were deeply studied. There were big differences in both appearance and quality among the H. acerba seeds from different places. It showed that the content of dihydromyricetin in H. acerba seeds was 0.41-9.81 mg•g⁻¹, and the content of total flavonoids was 5.52-21.98 mg•g⁻¹. The cluster analysis showed that the quality of H...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Li Liang, Qianqian Zhou, Zhixiang Hao, Fanfan Wang, Yasheng Zhu, Qisi Lin, Jian Gao
BACKGROUND: In recent years, Staphylococcus aureus have developed resistance to medicines used for the treatment of human infections. Therefore, the search for antibacterial agents of high potency against Staphylococcus aureus is of great concern. Peptide deformylase (PDF), a metalloprotease catalyzing the removal of a formyl group from newly synthesized proteins, has been considered to be an important antibacterial drug target. OBJECTIVE: To discover novel antibacterial drugs based on Staphylococcus aureus peptide deformylase...
February 20, 2018: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Hongyan Ling, Zemei Zhu, Jihua Yang, Jianqin He, Sisi Yang, Di Wu, Shuidong Feng, Duanfang Liao
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) leads to cognitive impairment (CI), but there have been no effective pharmacotherapies or drugs for cognitive dysfunction in T2DM. Dihydromyricetin (DHM) is a natural flavonoid compound extracted from the leaves of Ampelopsis grossedentata and has various pharmacological effects including anti-oxidant and anti-diabetes. Thus, we investigated the effects of DHM on CI in T2DM mouse model and its possible mechanism. To induce T2DM, mice were fed with high-sugar and high-fat diet for 8 weeks, followed by a low dose streptozotocin (STZ) administration...
March 1, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Yong Zhang, Chao Kang, Xiao-Lan Wang, Min Zhou, Meng-Ting Chen, Xiao-Hui Zhu, Kai Liu, Bin Wang, Qian-Yong Zhang, Jun-Dong Zhu, Man-Tian Mi
SCOPE: In recent decades, the association among diet, gut microbiota, and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been established. Gut microbiota and associated metabolites, such as bile acids and butyrate, are now known to play a key role in CRC development. The aim of this study is to identify that the progression to CRC is influenced by cholic acid, sodium butyrate, a high-fat diet, or different dose of dihydromyricetin (DMY) interacted with gut microbiota. METHODS AND RESULTS: An AOM/DSS (azoxymethan/dextran sodium sulfate) model is established to study the gut microbiota compsition before and after tumor formation during colitis-induced tumorigenesis...
March 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Xianglong Zeng, Jining Yang, Ou Hu, Juan Huang, Li Ran, Mengting Chen, Yu Zhang, Xi Zhou, Jundong Zhu, Qianyong Zhang, Long Yi, Mantian Mi
AIMS: Our previous clinical trial indicated that the flavonoid dihydromyricetin (DHM) could improve hepatic steatosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), altough the potential mechanisms of these effects remained elusive. Here, we investigated the hepatoprotective role of DHM on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFLD. RESULTS: DHM supplementation could effectively ameliorate the development of NAFLD by inhibiting hepatic lipid accumulation both in HFD-fed wild-type mice and in palmitic acid-induced hepatocytes...
February 21, 2018: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Umair Muhammad, Hedong Lu, Juan Wang, Jinzhi Han, Xiaoyu Zhu, Zhaoxin Lu, Sultana Tayyaba, Yousef I Hassan
This work provides an optimized extraction approach intended to maximize the recovery of dihydromyricetin (DHM) from Chinese vine tea ( Ampelopsis grossedentata ) leaves. The presented work adopts a Box-Behnken design as a response surface methodology to understand the role and influence of specific extraction parameters including: time, temperature, and solvent composition/ethanol (%) on DHM final yields. Initially, single factor experiments were used to delineate the role of above factors (temperature, time, and solvent composition) before proceeding with three factors-three levels Box-Behnken design with 17 separate runs to assess the effect of multifactorial treatments on DHM recovery rates...
December 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Yan-Ping Wu, Jin-Rong Bai, Kai Zhong, Ding-Ding Bai, Yi-Na Huang, Kai Xiao, Yun Ran, Hong Gao
The C-3-OH, C-4 carbonyl oxygen and hydrogenation of C2=C3 bond on the C-ring of 2R,3R-dihydromyricetin (DMY) proved to be not necessary for the antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. DMY significantly decreased the intracellular ATP of S. aureus cells but had few effects on pHin , proline oxidation, succinate dehydrogenase activity or malate dehydrogenase activity.
January 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Kenjiro Katsu, Rintaro Suzuki, Wataru Tsuchiya, Noritoshi Inagaki, Toshimasa Yamazaki, Tomomi Hisano, Yasuo Yasui, Toshiyuki Komori, Motoyuki Koshio, Seiji Kubota, Amanda R Walker, Kiyoshi Furukawa, Katsuhiro Matsui
BACKGROUND: Dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR) is the key enzyme committed to anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin biosynthesis in the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. DFR proteins can catalyse mainly the three substrates (dihydrokaempferol, dihydroquercetin, and dihydromyricetin), and show different substrate preferences. Although relationships between the substrate preference and amino acids in the region responsible for substrate specificity have been investigated in several plant species, the molecular basis of the substrate preference of DFR is not yet fully understood...
December 11, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
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