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Thomas V Chacko, Subhashini Ganesan
Compared to adults, assessment of dietary intake of school children has always been a great challenge in public health practice. Hence, this paper aims to share our experience in overcoming the problems in dietary assessment of large number of school children aged 6-17 years and the practicality of the tool for quickly identifying the broad gaps in the diet of individual Children for providing them dietary counseling. Based on the Indian Council of Medical Research/National Institute of Nutrition recommendations for balanced diet among school children, a simplified dietary gap assessment tool was developed to identify gross gaps in their diet and also a system of scoring it so as to measure effectiveness of the nutritional educational program...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Prakash Prabhakarrao Doke
Background: The National Health Mission expects bottom-up approach for preparing Project Implementation Plan and also expects special attention toward tribal areas. Some district-level health information is available from national health surveys, but subdistrict-level information is mostly not available. Gadchiroli is the farthest district from the state capital. There are 12 blocks in the district. It is a notified tribal district having 8.61%-81.50% tribal population in different blocks and block-wise urbanization varies from 0...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Daniel C O'Brien, Michele M Carr
Objectives To determine if and how resident emotional health is monitored among otolaryngology training programs and to determine what wellness resources are available to otolaryngology residents. Study Design Survey. Setting Tertiary academic medical centers. Subjects and Methods An anonymous 50-item survey sent via REDCap to the 107 allopathic American otolaryngology program directors (PDs). Results The response rate was 44%, of whom 47.7% regularly surveyed emotional health among their residents. A total of 33...
June 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Ilhaam Ashraf, Wendy W T Chan, Ramakrishna Prasad, Mohan Kubendra, D Hemavathy, Shailendra Prasad
Context: Currently, family medicine is not taught as a part of the undergraduate medical curriculum in India. In this context, the perceptions and attitudes of Indian medical students regarding family medicine as a career choice were studied. Aims: This study aims to study the perceptions and attitudes prevalent among Indian medical students regarding family medicine as a career choice and discuss its future implications. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional survey study design...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Mahnaz Mojtaba, Hassan Alinaghizadeh, Elisabeth Rydwik
QUESTIONS: Among older people who are hospitalised, what is the predictive validity of the Downton Fall Risk Index (DFRI) in relation to fall-related injury after discharge? What is the predictive validity of the DFRI among males and females in this setting? DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, observational study. PARTICIPANTS: All hospital admissions during 2012 at three geriatric clinics in the Stockholm County Council were monitored. Patients aged>65years who did not die during the admission and who lived in the Stockholm County Council region were included...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
W J Kim, V Gupta, M Nishimura, H Makita, L Idolor, C Roa, L-C Loh, C-K Ong, J-S Wang, W Boonsawat, K D Gunasekera, D Madegedara, H-P Kuo, C-H Wang, C Wang, T Yang, Y-X Lin, F W S Ko, D S C Hui, L T T Lan, Q T T Vu, A B Bhome, A Ng, J B Seo, B Y Lee, J S Lee, Y-M Oh, S-D Lee
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous condition that can differ in its clinical manifestation, structural changes and response to treatment. OBJECTIVE: To identify subgroups of COPD with distinct phenotypes, evaluate the distribution of phenotypes in four related regions and calculate the 1-year change in lung function and quality of life according to subgroup. METHODS: Using clinical characteristics, we performed factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis in a cohort of 1676 COPD patients from 13 Asian cities...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Eric J Brunner, Martin J Shipley, Sara Ahmadi-Abhari, Carlos Valencia Hernandez, Jessica G Abell, Archana Singh-Manoux, Ichiro Kawachi, Mika Kivimaki
BACKGROUND: Health inequalities persist into old age. We aimed to investigate risk factors for socioeconomic differences in frailty that could potentially be modified through policy measures. METHODS: In this multi-wave longitudinal cohort study (Whitehall II study), we assessed participants' socioeconomic status, behavioural and biomedical risk factors, and disease status at age 45-55 years, and frailty (defined according to the Fried phenotype) at baseline and at one or more of three clinic visits about 18 years later (mean age 69 years [SD 5·9])...
June 13, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
Jan-Eric Olsson, Solvig Ekblad, Bo Christer Bertilson, Eva Toth-Pal
Objectives: to explore potential users' opinions of a translated and culturally adapted Swedish version of the General Medical Council's MultiSource Feedback Questionnaires. Methods: In this qualitative study, we used content analysis on semi-structured interviews from 44 resident doctors, 29 medical colleagues and 28 patients to analyse their opinions of the Swedish adapted version, created through translation and expert review. Transcribed interview data concerning the informants' general thoughts about the tool were coded manually by three independent coders into categories, compiled as themes, and exemplified by citations...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
Mariska M G Leeflang, Franz Allerberger
BACKGROUND: The development of an in vitro diagnostic test from a good idea to a clinically relevant tool takes several steps, with more stringent requirements at every step. AIMS: This article aims to summarize the necessary questions to be asked about a test and to illustrate study designs answering these questions. We also aim to relate the Regulation (EU) 2017/746 to the needs of evidence-based diagnostic testing, where applicable. SOURCES: We used literature on evidence-based diagnostics, a text book on clinical trials in the development and marketing of medical devices and the English version of Regulation 2017/746 of the European Parliament and of the Council on in vitro diagnostic medical devices...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Jayme Bertelli, Francisco Soldado, Marcos F Ghizoni
PURPOSE: To report the results of radial nerve grafting in 7 children who sustained a radial nerve injury following a distal humeral fracture. METHODS: Seven children, mean age 6 years (range, 4-11 years), underwent nerve grafting for radial nerve injuries following distal humeral fractures. The mean interval between injury and surgery was 6.7 months (range, 6-9 months). In all cases, 3 sural nerve graft cables were used, of mean length 8.6 cm (range, 6-12 cm)...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Vendhan Gajalakshmi, Ben Lacey, Vendhan Kanimozhi, Paul Sherliker, Richard Peto, Sarah Lewington
BACKGROUND: The association between cause-specific mortality and body-mass index (BMI) has been studied mainly in high-income countries. We investigated the relations between BMI, systolic blood pressure, and mortality in India. METHODS: Men and women aged 35 years or older were recruited into a prospective study from the general population in Chennai, India between Jan 1, 1998, and Dec 31, 2001. Participants were interviewed (data collected included age, sex, education, socioeconomic status, medical history, tobacco smoking, and alcohol intake) and measured (height, weight, and blood pressure)...
July 2018: Lancet Global Health
Anastasia V Pavlova, Stella G Muthuri, Rachel Cooper, Fiona R Saunders, Jennifer S Gregory, Rebecca J Barr, Kathryn R Martin, Judith E Adams, Diana Kuh, Rebecca J Hardy, Richard M Aspden
This study investigated associations between measures of adiposity from age 36 and spine shape at 60-64 years. Thoracolumbar spine shape was characterised using statistical shape modelling on lateral dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry images of the spine from 1529 participants of the MRC National Survey of Health and Development, acquired at age 60-64. Associations of spine shape modes with: 1) contemporaneous measures of total and central adiposity (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC)) and body composition (android:gynoid fat mass ratio and lean and fat mass indices, calculated as whole body (excluding the head) lean or fat mass (kg) divided by height2 (m)2); 2) changes in total and central adiposity between age 36 and 60-64 and 3) age at onset of overweight, were tested using linear regression models...
2018: PloS One
Christine N Runyan
The New England Journal of Medicine Catalyst recently published an article entitled "It's Time to Treat Physical and Mental Health With Equal Intent" (Compton-Phillips & Mohta, 2018). The article describes a survey of the NEJM Catalyst Insights Council, a qualified group ( n =565) of U.S. executives, clinical leaders, and clinicians who are directly involved in health care delivery. Ninety nine percent of council members responded that mental health should not only be integrated into ambulatory medical care settings but also embrace a "shared concept of mutual responsibility" (p...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Barbara F Brandt, Simon Kitto, Ronald M Cervero
The National Collaborative for Improving the Clinical Learning Environment (NCICLE) is a growing group of over 40 organizations representing a variety of health professions. NCICLE is beginning a discussion of issues related to culture in health care, specifically how the current culture inhibits optimal outcomes, and the discordance between current early interprofessional education (IPE) curricula in health professions schools and traditional practice models in health care. In October 2017, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the Josiah Macy Jr...
June 12, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Kate Jolly, Manbinder S Sidhu, Catherine A Hewitt, Peter A Coventry, Amanda Daley, Rachel Jordan, Carl Heneghan, Sally Singh, Natalie Ives, Peymane Adab, Susan Jowett, Jinu Varghese, David Nunan, Khaled Ahmed, Lee Dowson, David Fitzmaurice
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of telephone health coaching delivered by a nurse to support self management in a primary care population with mild symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Multicentre randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 71 general practices in four areas of England. PARTICIPANTS: 577 patients with Medical Research Council dyspnoea scale scores of 1 or 2, recruited from primary care COPD registers with spirometry confirmed diagnosis...
June 13, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Waleed Alharbi, Jennifer Cleland, Zoe Morrison
Objectives: We sought to evaluate patient safety culture across different healthcare professionals from different countries of origin working in an adult oncology department in a medical facility in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional survey of 130 healthcare staff (doctors, pharmacists, nurses) was conducted in February 2017. We used the Hospital Survey of Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC) to examine healthcare staff perceptions of safety culture. Results: A total of 127 questionnaires were returned, yielding a response rate of 97...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
Basma Salameh
Background: Most patients who have been hospitalized at some point in time must have experienced a measure of pain despite improvements in health-care systems. Globally, there is a dearth in information with regard to pain management. Pain management is an essential process for nurses because they spend most time of the day with the patients. Therefore, nurses' level of knowledge and positive attitudes toward pain management reflect this vital and significant role played by nurses in critical care units...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Caroline Audrey Kerr, Jacquie Rand, John Murray Morton, Ronelle Reid, Mandy Paterson
This retrospective study of cat admissions to RSPCA Queensland shelters describes changes associated with improved outcomes ending in live release in 2016 compared to 2011. There were 13,911 cat admissions in 2011 and 13,220 in 2016, with approximately 50% in both years admitted as strays from the general public or council contracts. In contrast, owner surrenders halved from 30% to 15% of admissions. Percentages of admissions ending in euthanasia decreased from 58% to 15%. Only 5% of cat admissions were reclaimed in each of these years, but the percentage rehomed increased from 34% to 74%, of which 61% of the increase was contributed by in-shelter adoptions and 39% from non-shelter sites, predominately retail partnerships...
June 12, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Sophie Jose, Valerie Delpech, Alison Howarth, Fiona Burns, Teresa Hill, Kholoud Porter, Caroline A Sabin
BACKGROUND: The cross-sectional HIV care continuum is widely used to assess the success of HIV care programmes among populations of people with HIV and the potential for ongoing transmission. We aimed to investigate whether a longitudinal continuum, which incorporates loss to follow-up and mortality, might provide further insights about the performance of care programmes. METHODS: In this longitudinal cohort study, we included individuals who entered the UK Collaborative HIV Cohort (CHIC) study between Jan 1, 2000, and Dec 31, 2004, and were linked to the national HIV cohort database (HIV and AIDS Reporting System)...
June 2018: Lancet HIV
Abigail S Cohen, Saef Izzy, Monisha A Kumar, Cara J Joyce, Stephen A Figueroa, Matthew B Maas, Christiana E Hall, David L McDonagh, David P Lerner, Paul M Vespa, Lori A Shutter, Eric S Rosenthal
OBJECTIVE: To define expectations for neurocritical care (NCC) core competencies vs competencies considered within the domain of other subspecialists. METHODS: An electronic survey was disseminated nationally to NCC nurses, physicians, fellows, and neurology residents through Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education neurology residency program directors, United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties neurocritical care fellowship program directors, and members of the Neurocritical Care Society...
June 12, 2018: Neurology
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