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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231664/-cross-sectional-surveys-on-the-use-of-recreational-drug-nitrous-acid-ester-rush-poppers-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-nanjing
#1
Z P Zhu, M Zhang, Y Y Xu, W J Xu, L Liu, S S Wu, L Guo, X Li
Objective: To investigate the situation of recreational drug nitrous acid ester inhaler-rush poppers use in men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: From April to June in 2014, October to December in 2014, April to June in 2015, three round cross-sectional surveys were conducted in MSM recruited in Nanjing by means of serum test and questionnaire survey. Results: Of the 1 721 MSM surveyed in three round, 19.3% (332/1 721) had ever used rush poppers, the proportions of MSM who used rush poppers in three round surveys showed an increasing trend (liner by liner χ(2)= 14...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229833/portuguese-medical-students-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-homosexuality
#2
Lucas Lopes, Jorge Gato, Manuel Esteves
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people still face discrimination in healthcare environments and physicians often report lack of knowledge on this population's specific healthcare needs. In fact, recommendations have been put forward to include lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health in medical curricula. This study aimed to explore factors associated with medical students' knowledge and attitudes towards homosexuality in different years of the medical course...
November 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222806/internalized-homophobia-mental-health-sexual-behaviors-and-outness-of-gay-bisexual-men-from-southwest-china
#3
Wenjian Xu, Lijun Zheng, Yin Xu, Yong Zheng
BACKGROUND: Social attitudes toward male homosexuality in China so far are still not optimistic. Sexual minorities in China have reported high levels of internalized homophobia. METHODS: This Internet-based study examined the associations among internalized homophobia, mental health, sexual behaviors, and outness among 435 gay/bisexual men in Southwest China from 2014 to 2015. Latent profile analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, univariate logistic regression, and separate multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted...
February 17, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207297/measuring-the-influence-of-legally-recognized-partnerships-on-the-health-and-well-being-of-same-sex-couples-utility-of-the-california-health-interview-survey
#4
William N Elwood, Veronica L Irvin, Qiankun Sun, Nancy Breen
PURPOSE: This study explored the utility of the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) to compare health-related outcomes among gay men, lesbians, and heterosexuals who reported being in a legally recognized partnership. METHODS: We regressed sexual identity and marriage/legally recognized partnership status on seven different outcomes related to health insurance coverage, medical services access and use, and general health and well-being using CHIS data collected between 2009 and 2013...
February 16, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193368/-becoming-another-transformations-in-the-therapist-who-works-with-gay-and-lesbian-couples
#5
María Victoria Builes Correa, María Teresa Anderson Gómez, Beatriz Helena Arango Arbeláez
OBJECTIVE: To recognise the changes experienced by the therapist who works with gay and lesbian couples. METHOD: Qualitative with biographical-narrative method. Seven therapists were interviewed in Medellin. RESULTS: Three moments in the life trajectory of the participants were identified: Before: closeness and distances between families and the school were found (distances, makes reference, among others, to discourses about homosexuality...
January 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190363/primary-chancre-in-the-rectum-an-underdiagnosed-cause-of-rectal-ulcer
#6
Francia Díaz-Jaime, Carla Satorres Paniagua, Marco Bustamante Balén
We report the case of a 35-year-old homosexual man with previous history of HIV, with primary chacre in the rectum. We believe this paper is significant because the diagnosis of rectal ulcer is more common in recent years, however rectal syphilis is a poorly recognized entity, especially with primary chancre formation.
February 13, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187688/identification-of-a-novel-hiv-type-1-recombinant-form-crf01_ae-crf07_bc-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-zhejiang-china
#7
Yufan Xu, Xiaorong Peng, Tiansheng Xie, Xiangyun Lu, Nanping Wu
The prevalence of HIV-1 is increasing rapidly among the population of men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. Here, we report a novel HIV type 1 recombinant form consisting of CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC detected in a male patient through homosexual behavior. A phylogenic analysis revealed that this unique recombinant form (URF) exhibits a complex genomic structure with three CRF07_BC regions inserted into the CRF01_AE backbone. Recently, several second-generation recombinant forms (e.g., CRF01_AE/CRF07_BC) have been identified among MSM in China...
February 10, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165441/intravenous-drugs-abuse-as-the-main-risk-factor-of-increasing-hepatitis-c-infection-prevalence-in-prisoners-in-zenica-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#8
Harun Hodžić, Amel Bajramović, Zarema Obradović, Mersiha Mahmić-Kaknjo
Aim To determine the prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) among prisoners in Zenica prison, and to investigate the relation between HCV and risky behaviors: intravenous drugs use (IDU), tattooing, promiscuity. Methods This cross-sectional study conducted at the High Security Penitentiary in Zenica involved 200 convicted persons who gave their consents for the research. Their blood was tested by AraGen Hepatitis C Test. Risky behaviors (IDU, tattooing, promiscuity) were tested by an anonymous self-administered questionnaire...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155008/perception-of-sexual-orientation-from-facial-structure-a-study-with-artificial-face-models
#9
Julio González-Álvarez
Research has shown that lay people can perceive sexual orientation better than chance from face stimuli. However, the relation between facial structure and sexual orientation has been scarcely examined. Recently, an extensive morphometric study on a large sample of Canadian people (Skorska, Geniole, Vrysen, McCormick, & Bogaert, 2015) identified three (in men) and four (in women) facial features as unique multivariate predictors of sexual orientation in each sex group. The present study tested the perceptual validity of these facial traits with two experiments based on realistic artificial 3D face models created by manipulating the key parameters and presented to Spanish participants...
February 2, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151096/development-of-attitudes-towards-homosexuality-scale-for-indians-ahsi
#10
Kanika K Ahuja
Attitudes towards homosexuality vary across cultures, with the legal and societal position being rather complicated in India. This study describes the process of developing and validating a Likert-type scale to assess attitudes toward homosexuality amongst heterosexuals. Phase 1 describes the development of the scale. Items were written based on thematic analysis of narratives generated from 50 college students and reviewing existing scales. After administering the 70-item scale to 68 participants, item analysis yielded 20 statements with item-total correlations over ...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145518/neural-correlates-of-sexual-orientation-in-heterosexual-bisexual-and-homosexual-men
#11
Adam Safron, David Sylva, Victoria Klimaj, A M Rosenthal, Meng Li, Martin Walter, J Michael Bailey
Studies of subjective and genital sexual arousal in monosexual (i.e. heterosexual and homosexual) men have repeatedly found that erotic stimuli depicting men's preferred sex produce strong responses, whereas erotic stimuli depicting the other sex produce much weaker responses. Inconsistent results have previously been obtained in bisexual men, who have sometimes demonstrated distinctly bisexual responses, but other times demonstrated patterns more similar to those observed in monosexual men. We used fMRI to investigate neural correlates of responses to erotic pictures and videos in heterosexual, bisexual, and homosexual men, ages 25-50...
February 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139174/essentialism-and-islamic-theology-of-homosexuality-a-critical-reflection-on-an-essentialist-epistemology-toward-same-sex-desires-and-acts-in-islam
#12
M Alipour
Although most traditional Muslim scholars condemn same-sex desires and acts, revisionist Muslim scholars have offered a more tolerant approach on this issue over the last two decades. Building on an essentialist approach to same-sex desires and acts, these scholars argue that Islam accepts difference and diversity, including sexual diversity, as part of God's creation. Homosexuality, which in their view is an innate disposition to the same sex, is an alternative sexuality and, thus, accepted by Qur'an/Islam...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136009/a-mediational-model-explaining-the-connection-between-religiosity-and-anti-homosexual-attitudes-in-italy-the-effects-of-male-role-endorsement-and-homosexual-stereotyping
#13
Giovanni Piumatti
This study aimed to better understand the relationship between religiosity and anti-homosexual attitudes in Italy by examining the mediation effects of male role endorsement and homosexual stereotyping. A sample of 5,522 Italian residents (age range = 18-74) was drawn from a cross-sectional national representative survey carried out in 2011. Measures included general religiosity, male role endorsement, homosexual stereotyping, social acceptance of homosexuality and homosexual rights endorsement. Structural equation modeling was used to test the mediational effects of male role endorsement and homosexual stereotyping on the relationship between general religiosity and attitudes toward lesbians and gay men...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135154/troubling-gender-or-engendering-trouble-the-problem-with-gender-dysphoria-in-psychoanalysis
#14
Ayelet R Barkai
This paper reviews existing case reports in the psychoanalytic literature of children diagnosed with gender identity disorder (GID), now called gender dysphoria. It concentrates on a review of problems and psychoanalytic dilemmas inherent in the use of the term GID and elucidates the concurrent quandaries this term both signifies and is symptomatic of. The focus is on reports of child psychoanalyses published during or after 1991, when the American Psychoanalytic Association formally adopted a nondiscrimination policy against homosexuality...
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131739/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-investigation-of-human-herpesvirus-8-seroprevalence-in-hiv-1-infected-individuals-in-osaka-japan
#15
Dai Watanabe, Yudai Yamamoto, Sachiko Suzuki, Misa Ashida, Erina Matsumoto, Satomi Yukawa, Kazuyuki Hirota, Motoko Ikuma, Takashi Ueji, Daisuke Kasai, Yasuharu Nishida, Tomoko Uehira, Takuma Shirasaka
INTRODUCTION: High human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) seroprevalence has been reported in men who have sex with men (MSM) and are infected with HIV-1. However, it is unclear when they become infected with HHV-8. Thus, we conducted cross-sectional and longitudinal investigations of HHV-8 seroprevalence in HIV-1-infected individuals in Osaka, Japan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Plasma was collected from 121 individuals infected with HIV-1 and the anti-HHV-8 antibody titer was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with whole virus lysate...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127998/age-limits
#16
Jan Antfolk
Whereas women of all ages prefer slightly older sexual partners, men-regardless of their age-have a preference for women in their 20s. Earlier research has suggested that this difference between the sexes' age preferences is resolved according to women's preferences. This research has not, however, sufficiently considered that the age range of considered partners might change over the life span. Here we investigated the age limits (youngest and oldest) of considered and actual sex partners in a population-based sample of 2,655 adults (aged 18-50 years)...
March 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126101/the-republicanization-of-evangelical-protestants-in-the-united-states-an-examination-of-the-sources-of-political-realignment
#17
Philip Schwadel
Although the association between evangelical Protestant and Republican affiliations is now a fundamental aspect of American politics, this was not the case as recently as the early 1980s. Following work on secular political realignment and the issue evolution model of partisan change, I use four decades of repeated cross-sectional survey data to examine the dynamic correlates of evangelical Protestant and Republican affiliations, and how these factors promote changes in partisanship. Results show that evangelical Protestants have become relatively more likely to attend religious services and to oppose homosexuality, abortion, and welfare spending...
February 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120646/prevalence-and-the-associated-risk-factors-of-hiv-stis-and-hbv-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-kunming-china
#18
Xiujie Zhang, Manhong Jia, Min Chen, Hongbing Luo, Huichao Chen, Wei Luo, Wanyue Zhang, Yanling Ma, Chaojun Yang, Yanling Yang, Xiaobin Zhang, Jie Dai, Lijuan Dong, William Cw Wong, Pengfei Zhao, Lin Lu
To investigate the prevalence and the associated risk factors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Kunming, 300 MSM were recruited through community-based organizations between September 2014 and January 2015. The prevalence of HIV, HBsAg, syphilis, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) were 17.0%, 7.7%, 11.3%, 18.2% and 13.2%, respectively. In the three different anatomic sites (urethra, rectum and pharynx), the prevalence of rectal CT was the highest (15...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119943/kaposi-s-sarcoma-of-the-rectum-in-a-homosexual-male-with-hiv-aids
#19
Anand Kumar, Deborah Nautsch
Visceral involvement in AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma is common, but it is rarely seen in the absence of cutaneous disease. Most patients with gastrointestinal tract Kaposi's sarcoma remain asymptomatic and are often diagnosed on endoscopy or autopsy. We report a case of a 24-year-old homosexual man who presented with rectal pain and bleeding and was found to have skin-sparing, disseminated Kaposi's sarcoma with rectum, liver, lungs, and lymph node involvement. Despite treatment with highly active anti-retroviral therapy, he developed multiorgan failure resulting in death...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118102/-some-africans-gave-full-approval-of-homosexuality-representations-of-africa-in-the-u-s-homophile-press-1953-1964
#20
Healy Thompson
This essay explores representations of Africa in the three primary U.S. homophile periodicals of the 1950s and early 1960s. It considers 130 articles, letters, and stories in Mattachine Review, ONE, and The Ladder that mentioned Africa or Africans. In doing so, it explores and analyzes the ways that Africa was referenced and represented in order to understand how those periodicals, their writers, and the U.S. homophile movement understood and were influenced by Africa (or by their perceptions of Africa). The essay argues that views expressed in The Ladder, Mattachine Review, and ONE reflected broader thinking about Africa in the 1950s and early 1960s in focusing on Egypt, relying on U...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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