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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095205/imperial-queerness-the-u-s-homophile-press-and-constructions-of-sexualities-in-asia-and-the-pacific-1953-1964
#1
Carly Simpson
This essay examines the ways in which U.S. homophile magazines represented and constructed Asia and the Pacific from 1953 to 1964. Through an analysis of 209 items that referenced Asia and the Pacific in ONE, Mattachine Review, and the Ladder, the essay argues that U.S. homophiles referenced the region in three primary ways: first, to create relationships, allies, and exchanges with people living in the region; second, to highlight the inferiority of the East and superiority of the West; and third, to reveal the cross-cultural and transhistorical nature of homosexuality...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095190/-but-oh-what-tales-portraying-the-middle-east-in-u-s-homophile-periodicals-of-the-1950s-and-1960s
#2
Marva Milo
This essay examines Middle East representation in U.S. homophile periodicals from 1953 to 1964. The essay uses more than 120 Middle East related items that were published in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder to address the periodicals' engagement with the region (particularly ancient history and biblical themes) and discuss the types of sexual "knowledge" that the homophile periodicals created about the region. It then assesses the role of periodicals as a genre in the creation of a transnational homophile community, showing both their potential for democratizing participation in this community and their limits...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095143/-the-madness-of-the-carnival-representations-of-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-in-the-u-s-homophile-press
#3
Shlomo Gleibman
This essay examines representations of Latin America and the Caribbean in U.S. homophile periodicals from 1953 to 1964. The 120 items in ONE, Mattachine Review, and The Ladder that referenced this region depicted Latin America and the Caribbean as different from the United States in a number of ways, in particular as more sexually repressive or more sexually liberal. These representations typically conformed to the general homophile movement tendency to challenge U.S. anti-homosexual campaigns during the "Lavender Scare," while arguing for acceptance based on rights claims...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081482/following-lives-undergoing-change-flux-study-implementation-and-baseline-prevalence-of-drug-use-in-an-online-cohort-study-of-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-australia
#4
Mohamed A Hammoud, Fengyi Jin, Louisa Degenhardt, Toby Lea, Lisa Maher, Jeffrey Grierson, Brent Mackie, Marcus Pastorelli, Colin Batrouney, Nicky Bath, Jack Bradley, Garrett P Prestage
BACKGROUND: Drug use among gay and bisexual men (GBM) is higher than most populations. The use of crystal methamphetamine, erectile dysfunction medication (EDM), and amyl nitrite have been associated with sexual risk behaviour and HIV infection among gay and bisexual men (GBM). OBJECTIVE: This paper describes an online prospective observational study of licit and illicit drug use among GBM and explores baseline prevalence of drug use in this sample. Capturing these data poses challenges as participants are required to disclose potentially illegal behaviours in a geographically dispersed country...
January 9, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073289/generation-and-characterization-of-hiv-1-transmitted-and-founder-virus-consensus-sequence-from-intravenous-drug-users-in-xinjiang-china
#5
Fan Li, Liying Ma, Yi Feng, Jing Hu, Na Ni, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao
HIV-1 transmission in intravenous drug users (IDUs) have been characterized by high genetic multiplicity, suggests a greater challenge for HIV-1 infection blocking. We investigated a total of 749 sequences of full length gp160 gene obtained by single genome sequencing(SGS) from 22 HIV-1 early infected IDUs in Xinjiang province, northwest China, and generated a transmitted and founder virus (T/F virus) consensus sequence(IDU.CON). All the T/F virus was classified as subtype CRF07_BC, and predicted to be CCR5-tropic virus...
January 10, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066015/homosexuality-leaves-from-antiquity-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-population-a-tamil-perspective
#6
Ottilingam Somasundaram, A G Tejus Murthy
Homosexuality has been present in human civilization from ancient times, and the condition as it existed in the Tamil land is described along with a reference to the terminology, concepts, and description. Some instances appear in the old Tamil classics and poems. The present legal status of this sexual orientation is also mentioned.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062273/sexual-orientation-and-sleep-in-the-u-s-a-national-profile
#7
Jen-Hao Chen, Cheng-Shi Shiu
INTRODUCTION: Sexual minorities often experience poorer health than non-sexual minorities. However, extant knowledge remains limited regarding the sleep characteristics, a risk factor for chronic diseases and excess mortality, of sexual minorities compared with non-sexual minorities at the population level. METHODS: This study analyzed the 2013-2014 National Health Interview Survey, Adult Sample (n=68,960) to examine the reported sleep duration and sleep disturbances (i...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060018/association-between-engagement-in-care-and-mortality-in-hiv-positive-persons-a-cohort-study
#8
Caroline A Sabin, Alison Howarth, Sophie Jose, Teresa Hill, Vanessa Apea, Steve Morris, Fiona Burns
OBJECTIVE: To assess associations between engagement in-care and future mortality. DESIGN: UK-based observational cohort study. METHODS: HIV-positive participants with >1 visit after 1/1/2000 were identified. Each person-month was classified as being in- or out-of-care based on the dates of the expected and observed next care visits. Cox models investigated associations between mortality and a) the cumulative proportion of months spent in-care (%IC, lagged by 1 year), and b) cumulative %IC prior to antiretroviral treatment (ART) in those attending clinic for >1 year, with adjustment for age, CD4/viral load (VL), year, sex, infection mode, ethnicity, and receipt/type of ART...
January 4, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059616/challenges-health-implications-and-advocacy-opportunities-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-global-health-providers
#9
Jason M Nagata
In this commentary, I reflect on challenges with conducting global health research internationally as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) person, grapple with decisions related to coming out in regions with anti-LGBT laws, and outline the risks and benefits of different advocacy options related to the promotion of LGBT health globally. Despite significant advances in LGBT rights in many countries, homosexuality remains illegal in many others. Using a critical medical anthropology framework, I argue that anti-LGBT laws constitute structural violence and have many detrimental consequences including discrimination and violence; poorer mental and physical health outcomes; and risky sexual behaviors...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057567/prenatal-administration-of-letrozole-reduces-sdn-and-scn-volume-and-cell-number-independent-of-partner-preference-in-the-male-rat
#10
Sandra Olvera-Hernández, Miguel Tapia-Rodríguez, Dick F Swaab, Alonso Fernández-Guasti
During development, the exposure to testosterone, and its conversion to estradiol by an enzyme complex termed aromatase, appears to be essential in adult male rats for the expression of typical male sexual behavior and female-sex preference. Some hypothalamic areas are the supposed neural bases of sexual preference/orientation; for example, male-oriented rams have a reduced volume of the sexually dimorphic nucleus (oSDN), while in homosexual men this nucleus does not differ from that of heterosexual men. In contrast, homosexual men showed a larger number of vasopressinergic cells in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN)...
January 3, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057144/-hiv-infection-and-associated-factors-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-also-with-women-in-urumqi-from-2010-to-2014
#11
A J Cai, T Tian, Z Zhang, X L Zhao, Yekejiergeli Ye, Y Y Li, B X Huang, Ainiwaer Abidan, J H Dai
Objective: To understand the demographic characteristics, sexual behaviors and the factors associated with HIV infection in men who have sex with men and also with women (MSMW) in Urumqi. Methods: According to the "National AIDS Sentinel Surveillance Protocol" , the data of MSM's demographic characteristics, sex behavior histories and serological detection results were collected through Urumqi AIDS sentinel surveillance system during 2010-2014. In MSM, those also had heterosexual behaviors were considered as MSMW...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049365/mental-health-issues-related-to-sexual-orientation-in-a-high-school-setting
#12
Susan G Williams
High school students are maturing physically, psychosocially, and sexually. Some may be unsure of their sexual orientation. The purpose of the study was to determine whether students who self-identified as homosexual-lesbian/gay, bisexual (LGB), and unsure of sexual orientation had more stressful life events (SLEs), perceived stress, bullying victimization, and depressive symptoms as compared to heterosexual peers. Cortisol was examined to determine whether levels were within normal range for age and followed a normal diurnal rhythm...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028666/is-male-androphilia-a-context-dependent-cross-cultural-universal
#13
Raymond Hames, Zachary Garfield, Melissa Garfield
The cross-cultural ethnographic literature has traditionally used the label male "homosexuality" to describe sexual relationships between biological males without considering whether or not the concept encompasses primary sexual attraction to adult males. Although male androphilia seems to be found in all national populations, its universal existence in tribal populations has been questioned. Our goal is to review previous cross-cultural classifications and surveys of male same sex behavior to present a system that does justice to its varied expressions, especially as it is informed by contemporary sexuality research...
December 27, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008411/purulent-proctitis-caused-by-prevotella-bivia-in-a-homosexual-male
#14
Maen Masadeh, Sarah Hossain, Jeffrey Dunkelberg, Henning Gerke
A 32-year-old homosexual male presented with suprapubic pain. Computed tomography showed rectal wall thickening. Flexible sigmoidoscopy showed small pockets of pus that were opened with mucosal biopsies, and additional pus was diffusely expressed from the rectal wall by applying blunt pressure with the biopsy forceps. Cultures from the pus grew Prevotella bivia. Symptoms resolved after treatment with doxycycline and metronidazole. Proctitis due to P. bivia was not previously reported.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001500/-unnatural-fornication-cases-under-state-socialism-a-hungarian-slovenian-comparative-social-historical-approach
#15
Judit Takács, Roman Kuhar, Tamás P Tóth
This comparative social-historical study examines different versions of state-socialist body politics manifested in Hungary and Slovenia mainly during the 1950s by using archive material of 'unnatural fornication' court cases. By analyzing the available Hungarian "természet elleni fajtalanság" and Slovenian "nenaravno občevanje" court cases we can shed light on how the defendants were treated by the police and the judiciary. On the basis of these archive data that have never been examined before from these angles, we can construct an at least partial picture of the practices and consequences of state surveillance of same-sex attracted men during state-socialism...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996376/sexual-orientation-disclosure-in-primary-care-settings-by-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-a-canadian-city
#16
Todd A Coleman, Greta R Bauer, Daniel Pugh, Gloria Aykroyd, Leanne Powell, Rob Newman
PURPOSE: Sexual orientation affects individuals' health histories and is fundamental to providers' understanding of patients as a whole. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GB-MSM) are vulnerable to certain health conditions, including HIV. The aim of this exploratory analysis was to examine factors associated with sexual orientation disclosure and communication with providers about GB-MSM health issues and to discuss implications. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional internet survey of GB-MSM (n = 202) in London-Middlesex, Ontario, Canada; analyses were limited to those with a regular primary provider (n = 173)...
December 20, 2016: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994833/a-case-of-mania-presenting-with-hypersexual-behavior-and-gender-dysphoria-that-resolved-with-valproic-acid
#17
Michelle R Heare, Maria Barsky, Lawrence R Faziola
Hypersexuality and gender dysphoria have both been described in the literature as symptoms of mania. Hypersexuality is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 as part of the diagnostic criteria for bipolar disorder. Gender dysphoria is less often described and its relation to mania remains unclear. This case report describes a young homosexual man presenting in a manic episode with co-morbid amphetamine abuse whose mania was marked by hypersexuality and the new onset desire to be a woman...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982739/karl-heinrich-ulrichs-first-theorist-of-erotic-age-orientation
#18
Diederik Janssen
The nomination of Karl Heinrich Ulrichs (1825-1895) as the first theorist of homosexuality may be placed in the oblique light of his eligibility for the nomination as the first theorist of erotic age orientation. In Ulrichs' pamphlets, "man-manly" homosexuality emerged as a particular age orientation, with a subsequent typological breakdown that importantly blended gender orientation and age orientation. Into the early twentieth century erotic age orientation importantly remained bound up with the classification and emancipation of what here was demarcated as Urningsliebe...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982708/kenyan-religious-leaders-views-on-same-sex-sexuality-and-gender-nonconformity-religious-freedom-versus-constitutional-rights
#19
David Kuria Mbote, Theo G M Sandfort, Esther Waweru, Andrew Zapfel
Religion plays an important role in framing the public discourse on sexuality, especially in countries where religion fully permeates social life. We explored the perspectives of Kenyan religious leaders on sexual and gender diversity in their country's specific context. A total of 212 Catholic, Islamic, and Protestant leaders from urban centers and rural townships completed a self-administered questionnaire specifically developed for this study. The leaders' perspectives were predominantly negative. Limited acceptance was conditional on sexual minorities not engaging in same-sex practices or seeing such practices as sinful...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931519/high-prevalence-of-hiv-chlamydia-and-gonorrhoea-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-attending-trusted-community-centres-in-abuja-and-lagos-nigeria
#20
Babajide Keshinro, Trevor A Crowell, Rebecca G Nowak, Sylvia Adebajo, Sheila Peel, Charlotte A Gaydos, Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Stefan D Baral, Melissa J Walsh, Ogbonnaya S Njoku, Sunday Odeyemi, Teclaire Ngo-Ndomb, William A Blattner, Merlin L Robb, Manhattan E Charurat, Julie Ake
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV prevalence have been reported to be higher amongst men who have sex with men (MSM) in Nigeria than in the general population. The objective of this study was to characterize the prevalence of HIV, chlamydia and gonorrhoea in this population using laboratory-based universal testing. METHODS: TRUST/RV368 represents a cohort of MSM and transgender women (TGW) recruited at trusted community centres in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria, using respondent-driven sampling (RDS)...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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