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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314493/beyond-visas-and-vaccines-preparing-students-for-domestic-and-global-health-engagement
#1
EDITORIAL
Lisa V Adams, Anne N Sosin
At campuses across the United States, scores of students are embarking on global health experiences in low- and middle-income countries. The desire to improve the health of poor communities while preparing for future health careers is often the main driver. The spotlight on domestic health issues also has fueled a resurgence of interest in underserved communities in the United States. Regardless of the destination, rigorous preparation is needed to ensure that the students' presence benefits the communities they aim to serve...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291375/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-what-is-the-utility-of-ultrasound
#2
Hershernpal A S Basra, Paul D Humphries
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis is a heterogeneous condition and an important cause of acquired disability in children. Evidence supports early treatment to prevent future complications. This relies on prompt diagnosis, achieved by a high index of clinical suspicion and supportive evidence, including the detection of joint and or tendon inflammation. Ultrasound is a readily accessible, well tolerated, safe and accurate modality for assessing joints and the surrounding soft tissues. It can also be used to guide therapy into those joints and tendon sheaths, resistant to systemic treatments...
March 14, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289032/vrar-binding-to-the-promoter-region-of-agr-inhibits-its-function-in-visa-h-visa
#3
Yuanyuan Dai, Wenjiao Chang, Changcheng Zhao, Jing Peng, Liangfei Xu, Huaiwei Lu, Shusheng Zhou, Xiaoling Ma
Acquisition of vancomycin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus is often accompanied by a reduction in virulence, but the mechanisms underlying this change remain unclear. The present study was undertaken to investigate this process in a clinical heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (hVISA) strain 10827, a hVISA reference strain Mu3 and a VISA reference strain Mu50, along with their respective series of vancomycin-induced resistant strains. In these strains, increasing MICs of vancomycin were associated with increased expression of vancomycin resistance-associated regulator gene (vraR), and decreased expression of virulence genes (hla, hlb and coa) and virulence-regulated genes (RNAIII, agrA and saeR)...
March 13, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269536/nonlinear-3-d-simulation-of-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-therapy-in-the-kidney
#4
Visa Suomi, Jiri Jaros, Bradley Treeby, Robin Cleveland
Kidney cancer is a severe disease which can be treated non-invasively using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapy. However, tissue in front of the transducer and the deep location of kidney can cause significant losses to the efficiency of the treatment. The effect of attenuation, refraction and reflection due to different tissue types on HIFU therapy of the kidney was studied using a nonlinear ultrasound simulation model. The geometry of the tissue was derived from a computed tomography (CT) dataset of a patient which had been segmented for water, bone, soft tissue, fat and kidney...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255602/combination-of-thioridazine-and-dicloxacillin-as-a-possible-treatment-strategy-of-staphylococci
#5
Kristian Severin Rasmussen, Marianne Ø Poulsen, Kirstine Jacobsen, Marianne N Skov, Hans Jørn Kolmos, Birgitte H Kallipolitis, Janne K Klitgaard
We have previously shown that the phenothiazine, thioridazine, acts in synergy with the beta-lactam antibiotic, dicloxacillin, to kill methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. In this study, we investigated whether synergy by combining these two drugs could also be observed in vancomycin intermediate susceptible S. aureus (VISA) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE). Synergy was observed in three of four tested VISA strains, suggesting that the thickening of cell wall does not interfere with the effects of thioridazine...
March 1, 2017: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253416/from-academic-practice-partnership-to-professional-nursing-practice-model
#6
Sharon Smith Hudacek, Mary Jane K DiMattio, Marian C Turkel
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ISSUE Instructions: 1.2 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded after you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253407/culturally-responsive-pain-management-for-black-older-adults
#7
Sheria G Robinson-Lane, Staja Q Booker
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252096/boost-visas-for-foreign-entrepreneurs
#8
Vivek Wadhwa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251260/intratendinous-adipose-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-svf-injection-provides-a-safe-efficacious-treatment-for-achilles-tendinopathy-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-at-a-6-month-follow-up
#9
Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Miriam Grassi, Camilla Maccario, Marco Vigano', Luciano Lanfranchi, Umberto Alfieri Montrasio, Laura de Girolamo
PURPOSE: Although platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection has shown controversial results for the treatment of Achilles tendinopathy, it remains the most used biological treatment. Recent findings seem to demonstrate that the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) within adipose tissue may counteract the impaired tendon homeostasis. The aim of this study was to prospectively compare the efficacy of PRP and SVF injection for the treatment of non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy. METHODS: Fourty-four patients were recruited in the study; 23 of them were assigned to the PRP group whereas 21 to the SVF group, treated unilaterally or bilaterally for a total of 28 tendons per group...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238937/sp1-is-a-competitive-endogenous-rna-of-klf4-during-odontoblast-differentiation
#10
Jie Zhang, Huan Liu, Heng Lin, Shuchen Li, Huangheng Tao, Lu Zhang, Guohua Yuan, Zhi Chen
Our previous studies have demonstrated that KLF4 is a critical transcription factor that promotes the odontoblastic differentiation of dental papilla cells. Klf4 mRNA was found to be regulated by multiple microRNAs (miRNAs). Competitive endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) are a group of transcripts post-transcriptionally regulating each other by competing for their common miRNAs. However, the regulation of Klf4 by ceRNAs in odontoblastic differentiation remains unknown. In this study, we predicted a group of potential Klf4 ceRNAs with bioinformatics approach, and examined the expression of Klf4 and five interested potential ceRNAs including Sp1 using real-time PCR during odontoblastic differentiation of mDPC6T...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227791/nonlinear-3-d-simulation-of-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-therapy-in-the-kidney
#11
Visa Suomi, Jiri Jaros, Bradley Treeby, Robin Cleveland, Visa Suomi, Jiri Jaros, Bradley Treeby, Robin Cleveland, Jiri Jaros, Bradley Treeby, Robin Cleveland, Visa Suomi
Kidney cancer is a severe disease which can be treated non-invasively using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapy. However, tissue in front of the transducer and the deep location of kidney can cause significant losses to the efficiency of the treatment. The effect of attenuation, refraction and reflection due to different tissue types on HIFU therapy of the kidney was studied using a nonlinear ultrasound simulation model. The geometry of the tissue was derived from a computed tomography (CT) dataset of a patient which had been segmented for water, bone, soft tissue, fat and kidney...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183918/grad-students-postdocs-with-u-s-visas-face-uncertainty
#12
Meredith Wadman, Richard Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177323/potential-consequences-of-the-immigration-ban-on-the-scientific-community
#13
Hossein Ardehali
On January 27, 2017, President Trump signed an executive order banning the citizens of 7 countries from obtaining US entry visas for the next 90 days. Since the announcement, the news media have devoted a large portion of their coverage to the ban and its political ramifications. There have been arguments made by both sides that the ban will make our country safer, while others have argued that this executive order will result in the weakening of our country and bolstering of our enemies. As a physician-scientist who was born in Iran and immigrated to the US, I will stay away from the politics of this executive order; rather, I want to discuss the impact of the immigration ban on scientific discourse, education, and research programs, and how it may influence the dissemination of knowledge to physicians and scientists in low- and middle-income countries...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169151/value-of-quantitative-mri-parameters-in-predicting-and-evaluating-clinical-outcome-in-conservatively-treated-patients-with-chronic-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-a-prospective-study
#14
J Tsehaie, D H J Poot, E H G Oei, J A N Verhaar, R J de Vos
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether baseline MRI parameters provide prognostic value for clinical outcome, and to study correlation between MRI parameters and clinical outcome. DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study. METHODS: Patients with chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy were included and performed a 16-week eccentric calf-muscle exercise program. Outcome measurements were the validated Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) questionnaire and MRI parameters at baseline and after 24 weeks...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168941/the-biometric-imaginary-dis-trust-in-a-policy-vacuum
#15
Kristrún Gunnarsdóttir, Kjetil Rommetveit
The decision in Europe to implement biometric passports, visas and residence permits was made at the highest levels without much consultation, checks and balances. Council regulation came into force relatively unnoticed in January 2005, as part of wider securitization policies urging systems interoperability and data sharing across borders. This article examines the biometric imaginary that characterizes this European Union decision, dictated by executive powers in the policy vacuum after 9/11 - a depiction of mobility governance, technological necessity and whom/what to trust or distrust, calling upon phantom publics to justify decisions rather than test their grounding...
February 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168927/genotypic-diversity-of-phytophthora-cinnamomi-and-p-plurivora-in-maryland-s-nurseries-and-mid-atlantic-forests
#16
Justine Beaulieu, Blain B Ford, Yilmaz Balci
Genetic diversity of two Phytophthora species, P. cinnamomi (102 isolates) and P. plurivora (186), commonly encountered in Maryland nurseries and forests in the Mid-Atlantic United States was characterized using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). Expected heterozygosity and other indices suggested a lower level of diversity among P. cinnamomi than P. plurivora. Hierarchical clustering showed P. cinnamomi isolates separated into four clusters, and two of the largest clusters were closely related, containing 80% of the isolates...
February 7, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161455/pre-migration-and-post-migration-factors-associated-with-mental-health-in-humanitarian-migrants-in-australia-and-the-moderation-effect-of-post-migration-stressors-findings-from-the-first-wave-data-of-the-bnla-cohort-study
#17
Wen Chen, Brian J Hall, Li Ling, Andre Mn Renzaho
BACKGROUND: The process of becoming a humanitarian migrant is potentially damaging to mental health. We examined the association between pre-migration and post-migration potentially traumatic events and stressors and mental health, and assessed the moderating effect of post-migration stressors in humanitarian migrants in Australia. METHODS: In this study, we used the first wave of data between 2013 and 2014 from the Building a New Life in Australia survey. The survey included 2399 migrants who had arrived in Australia holding a permanent humanitarian visa 3-6 months preceding the survey, with 77% and 23% of participants being granted visas through offshore and onshore humanitarian programmes, respectively...
March 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161188/hip-muscle-strength-is-decreased-in-middle-aged-recreational-male-athletes-with-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
B Habets, H W Smits, F J G Backx, R E H van Cingel, B M A Huisstede
OBJECTIVE: Investigating differences in hip muscle strength between athletes with Achilles tendinopathy (AT) and asymptomatic controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control study. SETTING: Sports medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve recreational male athletes with mid-portion AT and twelve matched asymptomatic controls. OUTCOME MEASURES: Isometric strength of the hip abductors, external rotators, and extensors was measured using a handheld dynamometer...
September 13, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159566/a-systematic-review-of-self-administered-questionnaires-for-the-functional-assessment-of-patients-with-knee-disabilities-adapted-into-spanish
#19
S Gómez-Valero, F García-Pérez, M T Flórez-García, J C Miangolarra-Page
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of self-administered knee-disability functional assessment questionnaires adapted to Spanish, analysing the quality of the transcultural adaptation procedure and the psychometric properties of the new version. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search was conducted in the main biomedical databases to find knee-function assessment scales adapted into Spanish, in order to assess their questionnaire adaptation process as well as their psychometric properties...
January 31, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152155/bullying-in-senior-living-facilities-perspectives-of-long-term-care-staff
#20
Felicia J Andresen, Jeffrey A Buchanan
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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