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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781907/novel-interventions-for-recalcitrant-achilles-tendinopathy-benefits-seen-following-high-volume-image-guided-injection-or-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Patrick C Wheeler, Chloe Tattersall
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes for patients with chronic noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy following extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and high-volume image-guided injection (HVIGI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital-based Sports Medicine Outpatient Clinic. PATIENTS: Sixty-three consecutive patients with chronic noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy, treated with ESWT (n = 22) or HVIGI (n = 41), with minimum 3-month follow-up...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776918/capping-entry-visas-is-creating-massive-longstanding-problems-says-head-of-nhs-trust
#2
Matthew Limb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776334/swi-snf-regulates-half-of-its-targets-without-the-need-of-atp-driven-nucleosome-remodeling-by-brahma
#3
Antonio Jordán-Pla, Simei Yu, Johan Waldholm, Thomas Källman, Ann-Kristin Östlund Farrants, Neus Visa
BACKGROUND: Brahma (BRM) is the only catalytic subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex of Drosophila melanogaster. The function of SWI/SNF in transcription has long been attributed to its ability to remodel nucleosomes, which requires the ATPase activity of BRM. However, recent studies have provided evidence for a non-catalytic function of BRM in the transcriptional regulation of a few specific genes. RESULTS: Here we have used RNA-seq and ChIP-seq to identify the BRM target genes in S2 cells, and we have used a catalytically inactive BRM mutant (K804R) that is unable to hydrolyze ATP to investigate the magnitude of the non-catalytic function of BRM in transcription regulation...
May 18, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773548/over-1500-visa-applications-from-doctors-blocked-in-four-months
#4
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766442/rate-of-improvement-of-pain-and-function-in-mid-portion-achilles-tendinopathy-with-loading-protocols-a-systematic-review-and-longitudinal-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Myles Murphy, Mervyn Travers, William Gibson, Paola Chivers, James Debenham, Sean Docking, Ebonie Rio
BACKGROUND: Mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy is prevalent within both the athletic and non-athletic populations and loading protocols for Achilles tendinopathy are effective over time, though the rate of symptom change throughout rehabilitation is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the rate of change in pain and function over time in patients while completing a loading protocol for mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy. METHODS: A systematic review and longitudinal meta-analysis was conducted as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
May 15, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760962/phenotypic-and-molecular-identification-of-vancomycin-resistance-in-clinical-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-in-osogbo-nigeria
#6
Bosede Titilope Bamigboye, Olugbenga Adekunle Olowe, Samuel Sunday Taiwo
The use of vancomycin for treatment of serious infections caused by MRSA strains has resulted in emergence of vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) in clinical settings. Following our previous report of phenotypic VRSA in Nigeria, the current study attempts to determine the genetic basis underlying this resistance. Over a period of 6 months, non-duplicate clinical S. aureus isolates from 73 consecutive patients with infective conditions at Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo were tested against a panel of eight selected antibiotics by disk diffusion test...
April 2018: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755058/when-the-eyes-are-shut-the-strange-case-of-girolamo-cardano-s-idolum-in-i-somniorum-synesiorum-libri-iiii-i-1562
#7
Anna Corrias
In his treatise on dreams Somniorum Synesiorum Libri IIII, published in 1562, the Italian Renaissance philosopher and physician Girolamo Cardano distinguishes between idola and visiones (or visa). Historians have discussed the reasons for such a distinction without taking into account Cardano's original theory of sense-perception. In this article I shall argue that, in order to interpret the meaning of idola and visiones in Cardano's theory of dreams, one should bear in mind his view that hearing is superior to sight and that while idola are essentially based on sound, visiones depend on images...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745722/demographics-and-study-practices-of-psychiatry-trainees-sitting-the-ranzcp-written-examinations
#8
Rahul Khanna, Gabrielle Matta, Bharat Visa, Anna Ryan
OBJECTIVES: This study explored trainee preparation for the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) written examinations. We examined the relationship between candidates' prior psychiatry experience, preparation techniques and expenses, perceptions of the exam and a pass result. We also examined perceptions of well-being. METHOD: A web-based survey was sent to RANZCP trainees. The association between responses and exam outcome was analysed using SPSS Statistics 23...
May 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731158/the-effect-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-refugees-parenting-and-their-children-s-mental-health-a-cohort-study
#9
Richard A Bryant, Ben Edwards, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Kim L Felmingham, Derrick Silove, Zachary Steel, Angela Nickerson, Alexander C McFarlane, Miranda Van Hooff, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents, who account for most of the world's refugees, have an increased prevalence of psychological disorders. The mental health of refugee children is often associated with the severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in their caregivers. Despite the potential for refugee caregivers' PTSD to affect child mental health, little evidence exists concerning the underlying mechanisms of this association. This study tested the effect of refugee caregivers' previous trauma and levels of ongoing stressors on current PTSD, and in turn how this influences parenting behaviour and consequent child psychological health...
May 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720928/evaluation-of-a-short-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-assess-cardiovascular-disease-related-diet-and-lifestyle-factors
#10
Karianne Svendsen, Hege Berg Henriksen, Beate Østengen, David R Jacobs, Vibeke H Telle-Hansen, Monica H Carlsen, Kjetil Retterstøl
Background: The Vascular lifestyle-Intervention and Screening in phArmacies (VISA) study investigates diet and lifestyle factors associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). As part of the study methodology, a short Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), the VISA-FFQ, was adapted from the Norwegian NORDIET-FFQ. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the VISA-FFQ and its ability to estimate intakes of foods and lifestyle factors in screening for elevated risk of CVD...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717208/high-prevalence-of-diabetes-among-migrants-in-the-united-arab-emirates-using-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Nabil Sulaiman, Salah Albadawi, Salah Abusnana, Maisoon Mairghani, Amal Hussein, Fatheya Al Awadi, Abdulrazak Madani, Paul Zimmet, Jonathan Shaw
In 2011, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) had the 10th highest diabetes prevalence globally, but this was based on data that excluded migrants who comprise 80% of the population. This study assessed diabetes prevalence across the UAE population. A random sample of migrants was recruited from the visa renewal centers. Data were collected using interviews, anthropometric measurements and fasting blood for glucose, lipids and genetic analyses. 2724 adults completed the questionnaires and blood tests. Of these, 81% were males, 65% were ≤40 years old and 3% were above 60 years...
May 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715073/gluteal-loading-versus-sham-exercises-to-improve-pain-and-dysfunction-in-postmenopausal-women-with-greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Charlotte Ganderton, Adam Semciw, Jill Cook, Euler Moreira, Tania Pizzari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of education with targeted or sham exercise on pain and function in postmenopausal women with greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS). BACKGROUND: Conservative management of GTPS is poorly described, and to date, there have been no studies on education with exercise as an intervention for GTPS. Ninety-four postmenopausal women with GTPS were recruited to participate in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were randomized to receive one of two 12-week exercise programs (GLoBE vs...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690827/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-measurement-properties-of-the-brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-victorian-institute-of-sport-assessment-achilles-visa-a-questionnaire
#13
Gabriel Nunes de Mesquita, Marcela Nicácio Medeiros de Oliveira, Amanda Ellen Rodrigues Matoso, Alberto Galvão de Moura Filho, Rodrigo Ribeiro de Oliveira
Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background Achilles tendon disorders are very common among athletes and it is important to objectively measure symptoms and functional limitations related to Achilles tendinopathy using outcome measures that have been validated in the language of the target population. Objectives To perform a cross-cultural adaptation and to evaluate the measurement properties of the Brazilian version of the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) questionnaire. Methods We adapted the VISA-A questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese (VISA-A-Br)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685839/meta-analysis-comparing-autologous-blood-derived-products-including-platelet-rich-plasma-injection-versus-placebo-in-patients-with-achilles-tendinopathy
#14
Meng-Ting Lin, Ching-Fang Chiang, Chueh-Hung Wu, Hui-Hsuan Hsu, Yu-Kang Tu
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of autologous blood-derived products (ABP) injection with that of placebo (sham injection, no injection, or physiotherapy alone) in patients with Achilles tendinopathy. METHODS: Electronic databases, including PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched up to June 2017. All published or unpublished randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Two independent raters assessed the risk of bias of RCTs with the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool...
April 20, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685755/surgery-for-metastases-for-esophageal-gastric-cancer-in-the-real-world-data-from-the-agamenon-national-registry
#15
Alberto Carmona-Bayonas, Paula Jiménez-Fonseca, Isabel Echavarria, Manuel Sánchez Cánovas, Gema Aguado, Javier Gallego, Ana Custodio, Raquel Hernández, Antonio Viudez, Juana María Cano, Eva Martínez de Castro, Ismael Macías, Alfonso Martín Carnicero, Marcelo Garrido, Monserrat Mangas, Felipe Álvarez Manceñido, Laura Visa, Aitor Azkarate, Avinash Ramchandani, Ana Fernández Montes, Federico Longo, Ana Sánchez, Paola Pimentel, María Luisa Limón, David Arias, Diego Cacho Lavin, Rodrigo Sánchez Bayona, Paula Cerdá, Pilar García Alfonso
INTRODUCTION: The effect of surgery for metastases in patients with esophagogastric cancer is unknown, given the lack of randomized clinical trials; likewise, the criteria for selecting eligible patients remain to be determined. METHODS: This registry evaluates the results of patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of the stomach, distal esophagus, or gastro-esophageal junction from 32 centers. To assess selection criteria and prognostic factors, a state arrival extended Markov proportional hazards (PH) model was used...
March 31, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685503/refractory-patellar-tendinopathy-treated-by-arthroscopic-decortication-of-the-inferior-patellar-pole-in-athletes-mid-term-outcomes
#16
Dhong Won Lee, Jin Goo Kim, Tae Min Kim, Du Han Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic decortication of the inferior patellar pole in athletes with refractory chronic patellar tendinopathy. METHODS: Thirty-seven athletes in whom conservative management for at least six months failed underwent arthroscopic patellar tendon debridement and decortication of the inferior pole of the patella. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using subjective knee scores and isokinetic muscle strength tests...
April 20, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663955/using-surveillance-data-to-simulate-the-impact-of-a-hypothetical-pre-entry-tuberculosis-screening-programme-in-japan
#17
L Kawatsu, K Uchimura, K Izumi, A Ohkado, S Kato
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing burden of foreign-born tuberculosis (TB) patients, Japan does not currently practise pre-entry tuberculosis (TB) screening among foreign-born entrants. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a hypothetical pre-entry TB screening programme among new foreign-born entrants into Japan. METHOD: Using publicly available sources, we estimated 1) the number of prevalent TB cases, defined as bacteriologically or clinically confirmed cases among new foreign-born entrants into Japan in 2015, and 2) the yield from a hypothetical pre-entry TB screening programme under three scenarios: Scenario A, in which screening would be required of all applicants intending to stay for 3 months; Scenario B, screening among applicants for visas for settlement purposes; and Scenario C, screening among student and technical intern visa applicants...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659435/frontalis-muscle-flap-versus-maximal-anterior-levator-resection-as-first-option-for-patients-with-severe-congenital-ptosis
#18
Ramón Medel, Salvador Molina, Luz Maria Vasquez, Josep Visa, Ana Wert, Charlotte Wolley-Dod
PURPOSE: To compare 2 surgical techniques (frontalis flap versus maximal anterior levator resection) as first surgical options for the treatment of congenital ptosis with poor levator function in patients younger than 2 years of age with a follow up of 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective study of 58 patients (71 eyelids) with severe ptosis and poor levator function who underwent frontalis muscle flap (FMF = 47) or maximal anterior levator resection (ALR = 24) for correction of their ptosis...
April 12, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658150/proximal-patellar-tendon-pathology-can-develop-during-adolescence-in-young-ballet-dancers-a-2-year-longitudinal-study
#19
A Rudavsky, J L Cook, S Docking
PURPOSE: Patellar tendinopathy (tendon pain and dysfunction), or jumper's knee is prevalent in adult jumping athletes. Pathology in the proximal patellar tendon is a key risk factor for developing patellar tendinopathy. When pathology develops in the proximal patellar tendon is not known, though it is reported to exist in adolescent athletes. The aim of this study was to follow young jumping athletes (ballet dancers) through adolescence to identify if pathology develops and its relation to the adolescent growth spurt...
April 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649836/-flight-routes-to-germany-of-seriously-ill-children-and-adolescents-from-former-eastern-bloc-countries-for-treatment-of-renal-failure
#20
Dilbar Mammadova, Ines Marek, Matthias Galiano, Wolfgang Rascher
BACKGROUND: Increased patient mobility and restricted treatment of children with end-stage renal disease forced families from the former Eastern Bloc countries to flee with their children to Germany for adequate medical treatment. METHODS: In a case study, the patients' charts were analysed retrospectively. In structured interviews, parents and patients were asked about their flight routes to Germany, their medical treatment and their integration. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2013, eight children and adolescents with renal failure were treated with dialysis or renal transplantation in Erlangen...
April 12, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
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