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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920794/dance-experience-and-associations-with-cortical-gray-matter-thickness-in-the-aging-population
#1
Shai Porat, Naira Goukasian, Kristy S Hwang, Theodore Zanto, Triet Do, Jonathan Pierce, Shantanu Joshi, Ellen Woo, Liana G Apostolova
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the effect dance experience may have on cortical gray matter thickness and cognitive performance in elderly participants with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: 39 cognitively normal and 48 MCI elderly participants completed a questionnaire regarding their lifetime experience with music, dance, and song. Participants identified themselves as either dancers or nondancers. All participants received structural 1.5-tesla MRI scans and detailed clinical and neuropsychological evaluations...
September 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889837/exercise-training-effects-on-memory-and-hippocampal-viscoelasticity-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-novel-application-of-magnetic-resonance-elastography
#2
Brian M Sandroff, Curtis L Johnson, Robert W Motl
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive impairment is common and debilitating among persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and might be managed with exercise training. However, the effects of exercise training on viscoelastic brain properties in this population are unknown. The present pilot study adopted a single-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) design and is the first to examine the effect of an aerobic exercise training intervention on learning and memory and hippocampal viscoelasticity using magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) in persons with MS...
November 26, 2016: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885448/cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-treated-with-first-line-disease-modifying-therapy-a-multi-center-controlled-study-using-the-bicams-battery
#3
Bilge Piri Cinar, Görkem Kösehasanoğulları, Pinar Yigit, Serkan Ozakbas
Multiple sclerosis (MS) can impair cognitive functions even in the early stages. The Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) battery is very short and highly sensitive and can be used to evaluate cognitive status in the disease. Several clinical trials have shown beneficial effects of disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) on long-term cognitive measures which may even reduce cognitive deficits in MS patients. Relapsing remitting MS patients using DMDs were enrolled in the study and monitored for 12 months...
November 24, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827539/exploratory-analysis-of-cvlt-ii-forced-choice-recognition-and-rbans-ei-base-rates-for-forensically-committed-psychotic-disordered-inpatients-implications-on-clinical-decision-making
#4
Stacey M Bayan, Steve Nitch, Dominique Kinney, Marina Kaminetskaya
Within the inpatient forensic setting, requests for a neuropsychological evaluation are common to determine cognitive strengths and weaknesses. However, variable effort proves to be a prominent issue in this setting. Thus, assessment of effort becomes an essential component of a neuropsychological evaluation. The California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd Edition (CVLT-II) and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) are widely utilized cognitive measures in the inpatient setting...
November 9, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826691/drd2-c957t-polymorphism-is-associated-with-improved-6-month-verbal-learning-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
John K Yue, Ethan A Winkler, Jonathan W Rick, John F Burke, Thomas W McAllister, Sam S Oh, Esteban G Burchard, Donglei Hu, Jonathan Rosand, Nancy R Temkin, Frederick K Korley, Marco D Sorani, Adam R Ferguson, Hester F Lingsma, Sourabh Sharma, Caitlin K Robinson, Esther L Yuh, Phiroz E Tarapore, Kevin K W Wang, Ava M Puccio, Pratik Mukherjee, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Wayne A Gordon, Alex B Valadka, David O Okonkwo, Geoffrey T Manley
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) often leads to heterogeneous clinical outcomes, which may be influenced by genetic variation. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) may influence cognitive deficits following TBI. However, part of the association with DRD2 has been attributed to genetic variability within the adjacent ankyrin repeat and kinase domain containing 1 protein (ANKK1). Here, we utilize the Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury Pilot (TRACK-TBI Pilot) study to investigate whether a novel DRD2 C957T polymorphism (rs6277) influences outcome on a cognitive battery at 6 months following TBI-California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT-II), Wechsler Adult Intelligence Test Processing Speed Index Composite Score (WAIS-PSI), and Trail Making Test (TMT)...
November 8, 2016: Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780496/cognitive-and-anatomical-correlates-of-anosognosia-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-early-stage-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Gulben Senturk, Basar Bilgic, Ali Bilgin Arslan, Ali Bayram, Hasmet Hanagasi, Hakan Gurvit, Murat Emre
BACKGROUND: Anosognosia is a common feature in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The brain substrates of anosognosia are not fully understood, and less is known about the cognitive substrates of anosognosia in prodromal and early stages of AD. METHODS: Fourty-seven patients with amnestic-type mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) (n = 26) and early-stage AD (n = 21) were included, and Clinical Insight Rating Scale and Anosognosia Questionnaire for Dementia (AQ-D) were used to assess anosognosia...
October 26, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753292/trying-to-remember-effort-mediates-the-relationship-between-frequency-of-cannabis-use-and-memory-performance
#7
Rayna B Hirst, Kaitlyn R Young, Louise M Sodos, Robert E Wickham, Mitch Earleywine
INTRODUCTION: While many studies suggest that regular cannabis use leads to deficits in cognitive functioning, particularly in memory, few have measured effort put forth during testing, and none have examined this as a potential mediator. Both age of onset of regular cannabis use and frequency of use have been linked to increased risk of memory deficits. The present study sought to determine whether effort mediated the relationship between frequency or age of onset of cannabis use and learning and memory performance...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744302/the-relative-temporal-sequence-of-decline-in-mobility-and-cognition-among-initially-unimpaired-older-adults-results-from-the-baltimore-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#8
Qu Tian, Yang An, Susan M Resnick, Stephanie Studenski
BACKGROUND: most older individuals who experience mobility decline, also show cognitive decline, but whether cognitive decline precedes or follows mobility limitation is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: examine the temporal sequence of mobility and cognition among initially unimpaired older adults. METHODS: mobility and cognition were assessed every 2 years for 6 years in 412 participants aged ≥60 with initially unimpaired cognition and gait speed...
October 15, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668977/a-new-assessment-tool-for-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-from-spanish-speaking-countries-validation-of-the-brief-international-cognitive-assessment-for-ms-bicams-in-argentina
#9
Sandra Vanotti, Audrey Smerbeck, Ralph H B Benedict, Fernando Caceres
BACKGROUND: The Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) is an international assessment tool for monitoring cognitive function in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. BICAMS comprises the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT), the California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT II) and the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test - Revised (BVMT-R). Our objective was to validate and assess the reliability of BICAMS as applied in Argentina and to obtain normative data in Spanish for this population...
October 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658720/improvement-in-verbal-memory-performance-in-depressed-in-patients-after-treatment-with-electroconvulsive-therapy
#10
S V Biedermann, J M Bumb, T Demirakca, G Ende, A Sartorius
OBJECTIVE: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a highly effective and well-tolerated therapy for severe and treatment-resistant depression. Cognitive side-effects are still feared by some patients and clinicians. Importantly, cognitive impairments are among the most disabling symptoms of depression itself. METHODS: Patients suffering from a severe episode of depression were treated with either ECT or treatment as usual (TAU) in an in-patient setting. Matched healthy participants served as controls (HC)...
December 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645348/validation-of-the-brief-international-cognitive-assessment-for-multiple-sclerosis-bicams-in-greek-population-with-multiple-sclerosis
#11
E Polychroniadou, C Bakirtzis, D Langdon, R Lagoudaki, E Kesidou, P Theotokis, D Tsalikakis, K Poulatsidou, O Kyriazis, M Boziki, G Papadopoulos, E Boura, L Sintila, S Hatzigeorgiou, C Ziamos, P Ioannidis, D Karacostas, N Grigoriadis
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is experienced by about 50% of patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) worldwide and affects their employment, disease management and quality of life in general. The Brief International Cognitive assessment for MS (BICAMS) is a brief, practical and potentially universal battery for cognitive impairment in MS patients. It consists of three tests: the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT), the California Verbal Learning Test-2 (CVLT-2) and the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R)...
September 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619108/cvlt-ii-forced-choice-recognition-trial-as-an-embedded-validity-indicator-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#12
Eben S Schwartz, Laszlo Erdodi, Nicholas Rodriguez, Jyotsna J Ghosh, Joshua R Curtain, Laura A Flashman, Robert M Roth
OBJECTIVES: The Forced Choice Recognition (FCR) trial of the California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd edition, was designed as an embedded performance validity test (PVT). To our knowledge, this is the first systematic review of classification accuracy against reference PVTs. METHODS: Results from peer-reviewed studies with FCR data published since 2002 encompassing a variety of clinical, research, and forensic samples were summarized, including 37 studies with FCR failure rates (N=7575) and 17 with concordance rates with established PVTs (N=4432)...
September 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595167/intrusions-and-provoked-and-spontaneous-confabulations-on-memory-tests-in-korsakoff-s-syndrome
#13
Yvonne C M Rensen, Joukje M Oosterman, Serge J W Walvoort, Paul A T M Eling, Roy P C Kessels
INTRODUCTION: Intrusions on verbal memory tests have been used as an index for clinical confabulation. Severe memory impairments in combination with executive dysfunction have been suggested to be the underlying mechanism of confabulation, but to date, this relation is unclear. The aim of this study was (a) to examine the relation between (different types of) intrusions and confabulations in a large sample of confabulating patients with Korsakoff's syndrome (KS) and (b) to investigate whether different measures of executive functioning and memory performance are related to provoked and spontaneous confabulation...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567191/self-awareness-of-cognitive-dysfunction-self-reported-complaints-and-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-alcohol-induced-mild-or-major-neurocognitive-disorder
#14
Serge J W Walvoort, Paul T van der Heijden, Arie J Wester, Roy P C Kessels, Jos I M Egger
Patients with Korsakoff's syndrome (KS) typically have difficulties in recognizing the impact of their alcohol-related cognitive deficits on daily-life functioning. In this study, mean scores on self-reported complaints (measured with Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form; MMPI-2-RF) and cognitive performance (measured with the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third edition; WAIS-III; and the California Verbal Learning Test; CVLT) are compared between two matched patient groups with severe (KS) and mild alcohol-related cognitive disorders or non KS (NKS)...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538439/reconsidering-the-word-memory-test-as-a-memory-measure-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Jeremy J Davis
OBJECTIVE: This study examined relationships among traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity, the Word Memory Test (WMT), and California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II). METHOD: Participants (N = 104) passed WMT validity indices and were categorized by TBI severity on the basis of medical records. Outcome measures included norm-referenced scores on the CVLT-II and WMT. RESULTS: Participants grouped by TBI severity significantly differed on the CVLT-II but not WMT...
August 18, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484747/list-learning-and-verbal-memory-profiles-in-childhood-epilepsy-syndromes
#16
William A Schraegle, Nancy L Nussbaum, Arianna K Stefanatos
Findings of material-specific influences on memory performance in pediatric epilepsy are inconsistent and merit further investigation. This study compared 90 children (aged 6years to 16years) with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE), frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE), and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) to determine whether they displayed distinct list-learning and verbal memory profiles on the California Verbal Learning Test - Children's Version (CVLT-C). Group comparison identified greater risk of memory impairment in children with TLE and FLE syndromes but not for those with CAE...
September 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441951/total-recognition-discriminability-in-huntington-s-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Lisa V Graves, Heather M Holden, Lisa Delano-Wood, Mark W Bondi, Steven Paul Woods, Jody Corey-Bloom, David P Salmon, Dean C Delis, Paul E Gilbert
Both the original and second editions of the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT) provide an index of total recognition discriminability (TRD) but respectively utilize nonparametric and parametric formulas to compute the index. However, the degree to which population differences in TRD may vary across applications of these nonparametric and parametric formulas has not been explored. We evaluated individuals with Huntington's disease (HD), individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD), healthy middle-aged adults, and healthy older adults who were administered the CVLT-II...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423121/effect-of-alcohol-and-illicit-substance-use-on-verbal-memory-among-individuals-with-bipolar-disorder
#18
Taiane de A Cardoso, Isabelle E Bauer, Karen Jansen, Robert Suchting, Giovana Zunta-Soares, João Quevedo, David C Glahn, Jair C Soares
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is a well-established feature of bipolar disorder (BD). Comorbid BD and substance use leads to poor psychosocial and clinical outcomes. However, knowledge on the neurocognitive functioning of individuals with dual diagnosis is limited. The aim of this study is to assess the cognitive performance of subjects with BD, BD with comorbid alcohol use disorder (AUD), and BD with comorbid illicit substance use disorders (SUD) as compared to healthy individuals...
September 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421787/differential-linguistic-recall-effects-in-the-california-verbal-learning-test-in-healthy-aging-and-alzheimer-s-dementia-analysis-of-routine-diagnostic-data
#19
Johannes Baltasar Hessler, Alina Maria Fischer, Thomas Jahn
OBJECTIVE: Psycholinguistic evidence suggests that certain word characteristics might influence recall rates in word-list learning tests. These effects were investigated in the German California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT-G) in a clinical setting. METHOD: Subjects were memory clinic patients without cognitive diagnosis (N = 45) and with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) (N = 48) matched for age, sex, depressive symptoms, and education. The CVLT-G's words were analyzed with regard to length, frequency, and neighborhood size and dichotomized into low and high value groups...
July 14, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380560/white-matter-changes-and-cognitive-decline-in-a-ten-year-follow-up-period-a-pilot-study-on-a-single-center-cohort-from-the-leukoaraiosis-and-disability-study
#20
Sofia Madureira, Ana Verdelho, Carla Moleiro, Catarina Santos, Philip Scheltens, Alida Gouw, José Ferro
AIMS: To describe the contribution of white matter lesions to the long-term neuropsychological profiles of different groups of clinical diagnoses, and to identify neuropsychological predictors of cognitive impairment in a 10-year follow-up. METHODS: The Lisbon subcohort of the Leukoaraiosis and Disability (LADIS) study was re-evaluated performing a clinical, functional and cognitive evaluation [including Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - Cognition (ADAS-Cog) and ADAS-Cog with the extension for vascular impairment (VADAS-Cog), the 9-word version of the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT-9), the Trail-Making test and the Stroop test] as well as an MRI scan...
2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
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