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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788381/the-role-of-apathy-and-depression-on-verbal-learning-and-memory-performance-after-stroke
#1
Keera N Fishman, Andrea R Ashbaugh, Krista L Lanctôt, Megan L Cayley, Nathan Herrmann, Brian J Murray, Michelle Sicard, Karen Lien, Demetrios J Sahlas, Richard H Swartz
Objective: Psychiatric symptoms, including depression and apathy, may significantly impede functional and cognitive capabilities following a cerebrovascular event. This study examined the role of apathy and depression on learning and memory performance in stroke patients. Method: Stroke patients (n = 140 [119 ischemic, 21 hemorrhagic], mean age = 60.6 [SD = 15.1]) completed the Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II)...
May 18, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746524/evaluating-verbal-learning-and-memory-in-patients-with-an-at-risk-mental-state-or-first-episode-psychosis-using-structural-equation-modelling
#2
Laura Egloff, Erich Studerus, Ronan Zimmermann, Ulrike Heitz, Stephanie Menghini-Müller, Sarah Ittig, Katharina Beck, Christina Andreou, Stefan Borgwardt, Anita Riecher-Rössler
BACKGROUND: Verbal learning and memory are impaired not only in patients with a first episode of psychosis (FEP) but also-to a lower extent-in those with an at-risk mental state for psychosis (ARMS). However, little is known about the specific nature of these impairments. Hence, we aimed to study learning and memory processes in ARMS and FEP patients by making use of structural equation modelling. METHODS: Verbal learning was assessed with the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT) in 98 FEP patients, 126 ARMS patients and 68 healthy controls (HC) as part of the Basel early detection of psychosis (FePsy) study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628321/association-of-hippocampal-substructure-resting-state-functional-connectivity-with-memory-performance-in-older-adults
#3
Stephen F Smagula, Helmet T Karim, Anusha Rangarajan, Fernando Pasquini Santos, Sossena C Wood, Tales Santini, John M Jakicic, Charles F Reynolds, Judy L Cameron, Abbe N Vallejo, Meryl A Butters, Caterina Rosano, Tamer S Ibrahim, Kirk I Erickson, Howard J Aizenstein
OBJECTIVES: Hippocampal hyperactivation marks preclinical dementia pathophysiology, potentially due to differences in the connectivity of specific medial temporal lobe structures. Our aims were to characterize the resting-state functional connectivity of medial temporal lobe sub-structures in older adults, and evaluate whether specific substructural (rather than global) functional connectivity relates to memory function. METHODS: In 15 adults (mean age: 69 years), we evaluated the resting state functional connectivity of medial temporal lobe substructures: dentate/Cornu Ammonis (CA) 4, CA1, CA2/3, subiculum, the molecular layer, entorhinal cortex, and parahippocampus...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617157/comparing-the-open-trial-selective-reminding-test-results-with-the-california-learning-verbal-test-ii-in-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Silvana L Costa, John DeLuca, Kristen Costanza, Nancy D Chiaravalloti
We compared the California Learning Verbal Test II (CVLT II) and the Open Trial-Selective Reminding Test (OT-SRT) in assessing learning in persons with Multiple Sclerosis. One-hundred and twelve participants with multiple sclerosis performed the OT-SRT and the CVLT II on two different days. All participants completed additional cognitive tests assessing information processing speed (IPS), working memory (WM), and executive functions (EF). By definition, all participants were identified as having impaired learning on the OT-SRT (i...
April 4, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577732/factor-structure-of-the-cvlt-ii-short-form-evidence-from-a-trauma-exposed-sample
#5
Anne R Carlew, Keke L Schuler, Camilo J Ruggero, Jennifer L Callahan, Benjamin J Luft, Roman Kotov
The current study sought to investigate the factor structure of the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) Short Form in a trauma-exposed sample. We used confirmatory factor analysis to test four competing models proposed by Donders in a study investigating the CVLT-II Standard Form. Consistent with Donders, a four-factor model consisting of Attention Span, Learning Efficiency, Delayed Memory, and Inaccurate Memory was supported. These results confirm the latent structure of the CVLT-II holds for the CVLT-II in its Short Form as well as in a trauma-exposed sample...
March 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559950/a-longitudinal-study-of-neurocognition-in-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-compared-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Monica H Breitve, Luiza J Chwiszczuk, Kolbjørn Brønnick, Minna J Hynninen, Bjørn H Auestad, Dag Aarsland, Arvid Rongve
Introduction: There are relatively few longitudinal studies on the differences in cognitive decline between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), and the majority of existing studies have suboptimal designs. Aim: We investigated the differences in cognitive decline in AD compared to DLB over 4 years and cognitive domain predictors of progression. Methods: In a longitudinal study, 266 patients with first-time diagnosis of mild dementia were included and followed annually...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548848/effects-of-resveratrol-on-memory-performance-hippocampus-connectivity-and-microstructure-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Sebastian Huhn, Frauke Beyer, Rui Zhang, Leonie Lampe, Jana Grothe, Jürgen Kratzsch, Anja Willenberg, Jana Breitfeld, Peter Kovacs, Michael Stumvoll, Robert Trampel, Pierre-Louis Bazin, Arno Villringer, A Veronica Witte
INTRODUCTION: The polyphenol resveratrol has been suggested to exert beneficial effects on memory and the aging hippocampus due to calorie-restriction mimicking effects. However, the evidence based on human interventional studies is scarce. We therefore aimed to determine the effects of resveratrol on memory performance, and to identify potential underlying mechanisms using a broad array of blood-based biomarkers as well as hippocampus connectivity and microstructure assessed with ultra-high field magnetic resonance imaging (UHF-MRI)...
July 1, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503353/-aging-and-verbal-memory-an-experimental-study-using-structured-and-non-structured-word-lists
#8
Kazuya Takeda, Hikaru Nakamura, Ryo Tokuchi
AIM: Typical neuropsychological methods for measuring the verbal memory function include the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT) and the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT). The stimulus words of the CVLT are structured according to their semantic categories, and many researchers have claimed that the CVLT can also evaluate subjects' memory strategy. However, the stimulus words of these tests do not have equal difficulty, which is necessary when comparing their performances directly, and there are no standard word lists for them in Japanese...
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499968/temporal-lobe-thickness-and-verbal-memory-in-first-degree-relatives-of-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#9
Vindia G Fernandez, Robert Asarnow, Katherine L Narr, Kenneth L Subotnik, Heidi Kuppinger, David Fogelson, Keith H Nuechterlein
Cortical thinning in frontal and temporal regions has been reported in individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and, less consistently, among their unaffected first-degree relatives. Likewise, first-degree relatives demonstrate attenuated differences in neurocognitive performance relative to healthy controls, indicating that neurocognitive performance may be an important endophenotype of the disorder. Less is known about how cortical thickness relates to neurocognitive performance in these individuals. Given the robust nature of temporal structural abnormalities in schizophrenia, this study aimed to identify how temporal lobe cortical thickness might relate to verbal memory in first-degree relatives...
February 27, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485352/convergent-effects-of-a-functional-c3-variant-on-brain-atrophy-demyelination-and-cognitive-impairment-in-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Tina Roostaei, Shokufeh Sadaghiani, Rahil Mashhadi, Masih Falahatian, Esmaeil Mohamadi, Nina Javadian, Aria Nazeri, Rozita Doosti, Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi, Mahsa Owji, Amir Pejman Hashemi Taheri, Ali Shakouri Rad, Amirreza Azimi, Aristotle N Voineskos, Arash Nazeri, Mohammad Ali Sahraian
BACKGROUND: Complement system activation products are present in areas of neuroinflammation, demyelination, and neurodegeneration in brains of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). C3 is a central element in the activation of complement cascades. A common coding variant in the C3 gene (rs2230199, C3R102G) affects C3 activity. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of rs2230199 on MS severity using clinical, cognitive, and imaging measures. METHODS: In total, 161 relapse-onset MS patients (Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) ≤ 6) underwent physical assessments, cognitive tests (Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT), Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT), and California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT)), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
February 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474511/organizational-strategies-partially-account-for-race-related-differences-in-list-recall-performance
#11
Michelle E Fox, Tanya F Panwala, Tricia Z King
Objective: Organizational strategies have been shown to improve one's ability to recall items from a list. Specifically, use of semantic clustering, the tendency to group items by category when recalling them, predicts better free recall of word lists after short and long delays. The present study utilized a healthy adult sample to examine use of efficient memory strategies as a predictor of differences in neurocognitive findings between African American and white participants. Method: Participants provided demographic information and completed the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) and Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence-Second Edition (WASI-2)...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462642/memory-performance-global-cerebral-volumes-and-hippocampal-subfield-volumes-in-long-term-survivors-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#12
Marte C Ørbo, Torgil R Vangberg, Pål M Tande, Audny Anke, Per M Aslaksen
AIM: We explored the associations between global brain volumes, hippocampal subfield volumes and verbal memory performance in long-term survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: Three months after OHCA, survivors and healthy, age-matched controls were assessed with cerebral MRI and the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II). Volumetric brain segmentation was performed automatically by FreeSurfer. RESULTS: Twenty-six OHCA survivors who were living independently in regular homes at the time of assessment and 19 controls participated in the study...
May 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412011/embedded-performance-validity-indicator-for-children-california-verbal-learning-test-children-s-edition-forced-choice
#13
Kristin Verroulx, Rayna B Hirst, George Lin, Shelley Peery
Performance validity testing in children undergoing neuropsychological testing is a growing research area. Accurate identification of performance validity is necessary to avoid invalid assessment conclusions. In the present research, a forced choice (FC) trial was created for the California Verbal Learning Test - Children's Edition (CVLT-C), modeled after the established California Verbal Learning Test - Second Edition (CVLT-II) FC trial. Distractor words were taken directly from the CVLT-II FC Standard Form, with about half being concrete (n = 8) and half abstract (n = 7)...
February 7, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362020/verbal-memory-deficits-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-exposed-to-blasts-at-close-range
#14
Laura J Grande, Meghan E Robinson, Lauren J Radigan, Laura K Levin, Catherine B Fortier, William P Milberg, Regina E McGlinchey
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the relationship between close proximity to detonated blast munitions and cognitive functioning in OEF/OIF/OND Veterans. METHODS: A total of 333 participants completed a comprehensive evaluation that included assessment of neuropsychological functions, psychiatric diagnoses and history of military and non-military brain injury. Participants were assigned to a Close-Range Blast Exposure (CBE) or Non-Close-Range Blast Exposure (nonCBE) group based on whether they had reported being exposed to at least one blast within 10 meters...
May 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331692/memory-performance-predicts-response-to-psychotherapy-for-depression-in-bipolar-disorder-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-with-exploratory-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#15
Thilo Deckersbach, Amy T Peters, Conor Shea, Aishwarya Gosai, Jonathan P Stange, Andrew D Peckham, Kristen K Ellard, Michael W Otto, Scott L Rauch, Darin D Dougherty, Andrew A Nierenberg
OBJECTIVE: This pilot randomized controlled trial compared Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Supportive Psychotherapy (SP) for the treatment of depression in bipolar I disorder. We also examined whether exploratory verbal memory, executive functioning, and neural correlates of verbal memory during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) predicted change in depression severity. METHODS: Thirty-two adults (ages 18-65) with DSM-IV bipolar I disorder meeting current criteria for a major depressive episode were randomized to 18 weeks of CBT or SP...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317606/corticotropin-releasing-factor-1-receptor-haplotype-and-cognitive-features-of-major-depression
#16
REVIEW
Elena Goetz Davis, Jennifer Keller, Joachim Hallmayer, Heather Ryan Pankow, Greer M Murphy, Ian H Gotlib, Alan F Schatzberg
Corticotropin-releasing factor signaling through CRF receptor type 1 (CRF1 ) has been shown to contribute to learning and memory function. A haplotype of alleles T-A-T in a set of common polymorphisms in the gene encoding for CRF1 (CRHR1) has been associated with both depression vulnerability and alterations in cognitive functioning. The present study investigated the relations between the TAT haplotype and specific symptoms of depression, self-reported ruminative behaviors, and neuropsychological performance on a learning and memory task...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286844/performance-validity-testing-in-children-and-adolescents-a-descriptive-study-comparing-direct-and-embedded-measures
#17
Stephanie J Weiss, Melissa C Blackwell, Kirk M Griffith, Leslie S Jordan, Vincent P Culotta
Effort testing is a standard element in adult neuropsychological assessment. Research examining performance validity tests (PVTs) has focused on adults. The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine direct and embedded PVTs in children and adolescents. The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM), a stand-alone PVT, was compared to two embedded measures of effort: California Verbal Learning Test-Children's Version/Second Edition (CVLT-C/II) Recognition Discriminability and Reliable Digit Span (RDS). The sample consisted of 119 children and adolescents referred for outpatient assessment...
December 29, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283307/using-the-california-verbal-learning-test-second-edition-as-an-embedded-performance-validity-measure-among-individuals-with-tbi-and-individuals-with-psychiatric-disorders
#18
Virginia C Persinger, Douglas M Whiteside, Lyuba Bobova, Seema D Saigal, Marla J Vannucci, Michael R Basso
OBJECTIVE: Among embedded performance validity tests (PVTs), little research addresses the use of Total Hits and Total False Positives from the California Verbal Learning Test, Second Edition (CVLT-II) in spite of low sensitivity, particularly in psychiatric samples. METHOD: This study examined the classification accuracy of these two measures in individuals with psychiatric disorders or mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). These samples were separated into two groups using the criteria of passing all PVTs versus failing 2 or more PVTs...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169581/vitamin-d-status-is-associated-with-executive-function-a-decade-later-data-from-the-women-s-healthy-ageing-project
#19
Alicia M Goodwill, Stephen Campbell, Steven Simpson, Maria Bisignano, Cherie Chiang, Lorraine Dennerstein, Cassandra Szoeke
OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with cognitive decline and dementia in older adults. However, there is a paucity of studies assessing whether this association manifests from midlife. Given the long prodromal stage of dementia, we investigated the association between midlife vitamin D and cognition 10 years later. STUDY DESIGN: 252 participants (aged 55-67 years) from the Women's Healthy Ageing Project had baseline (2002) vitamin D and neuropsychological measures assessed...
January 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141818/does-including-the-full-cvlt-ii-and-bvmt-r-improve-bicams-evidence-from-a-belgian-dutch-validation-study
#20
Lars Costers, Jeroen Gielen, Piet L Eelen, Jeroen Van Schependom, Jorne Laton, Ann Van Remoortel, Ellen Vanzeir, Bart Van Wijmeersch, Pierrette Seeldrayers, Marie-Claire Haelewyck, Miguel D'Haeseleer, Marie-Beatrice D'hooghe, Dawn Langdon, Guy Nagels
BACKGROUND: The Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) is a fast, easy-to-administer and already widely validated neuropsychological battery for cognition in multiple sclerosis. OBJECTIVE: The goals of our study were to validate the BICAMS in a Belgian Dutch-speaking population and to investigate to what extent including extensive versions of two of the three BICAMS subtests improved its psychometric qualities. METHODS: Ninety-seven persons with MS and ninety-seven healthy controls were included and group-matched on age, education level and gender...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
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