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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540667/neurocognitive-functioning-in-pediatric-craniopharyngioma-performance-before-treatment-with-proton-therapy
#1
Ashley S Fournier-Goodnight, Jason M Ashford, Thomas E Merchant, Frederick A Boop, Daniel J Indelicato, Lei Wang, Hui Zhang, Heather M Conklin
The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of patient-, disease-, and treatment-related variables upon neurocognitive outcomes in pediatric patients with craniopharyngioma prior to treatment with proton therapy or observation after radical resection. For all participants (N = 104), relevant clinical and demographic variables were attained and neurocognitive evaluations completed prior to irradiation or planned observation. One-sample t-tests were conducted to compare performance to published normative data...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534643/bicams-in-the-argentine-population-relationship-with-clinical-and-sociodemographic-variables
#2
Sandra Vanotti, A Smerbeck, María B Eizaguirre, Maria L Saladino, Ralph R H Benedict, Fernando J Caceres
The Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) was developed to provide valid assessment of cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS). The relationship between clinical and social variables and cognitive disorders has been extensively studied, but primarily in developed countries with a focus on other cognitive measures or batteries. The objectives of this study were to analyze the relationship between the BICAMS data and key clinical and sociodemographic variables in the Argentine MS population...
May 23, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482311/tryptophan-breakdown-and-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder
#3
Martina Platzer, Nina Dalkner, Frederike T Fellendorf, Armin Birner, Susanne A Bengesser, Robert Queissner, Nora Kainzbauer, René Pilz, Simone Herzog-Eberhard, Carlo Hamm, Christa Hörmanseder, Alexander Maget, Philipp Rauch, Harald Mangge, Dietmar Fuchs, Sieglinde Zelzer, Gregor Schütze, Natalie Moll, Markus J Schwarz, Rodrigo B Mansur, Roger S McIntyre, Eva Z Reininghaus
INTRODUCTION: It has been demonstrated that bipolar disorder (BD) is often accompanied by cognitive deficits across all subdomains including verbal memory, attention and executive functioning. Cognitive deficits are observed both during episodes of mania or depression, as well as during the euthymic phase. It has been proposed that chronic immune-mediated inflammation in the central nervous system results in alterations in neural structures that subserve cognitive function. Kynurenine is an intermediate in the inflammatory cascade and can be peripherally measured to proxy inflammatory activity...
April 27, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420282/exploring-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-sleep-disturbance-following-acquired-brain-injury
#4
Sylvia Nguyen, Dean McKenzie, Adam McKay, Dana Wong, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Gershon Spitz, Gavin Williams, Darren Mansfield, Jennie Ponsford
PURPOSE: To identify predictors of treatment response to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for sleep disturbance following acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: Classification and regression tree (CART) analysis was conducted on individual patient data from two pilot randomized controlled trials (RCTs): one in traumatic brain injury (TBI), the other in stroke. The combined sample comprised 32 participants; 15 receiving CBT and 17 allocated to treatment as usual (TAU)...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407029/shiraz-verbal-learning-test-svlt-normative-data-for-neurologically-intact-speakers-of-persian
#5
Fahimeh Rahmani, Hassan Haghshenas, Abdolrasoul Mehrabanpour, Arash Mani, Mohammad Mahmoodi
Objective: Memory assessment plays an important role in the diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders. Several tests, such as the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT), have been developed for this purpose, yet a variety of different factors can affect one's performance on such tests, the most important of which are demographic and cultural variables. The present study examined the norming process performed on the CVLT-revised and aimed to devise a new test, the Shiraz Verbal Learning Test (SVLT), to better meet the needs of speakers of Persian...
April 12, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387582/long-term-test-retest-reliability-of-the-california-verbal-learning-test-second-edition
#6
Andrea G Alioto, Joel H Kramer, Sarah Borish, John Neuhaus, Rowan Saloner, Matthew Wynn, Jessica M Foley
OBJECTIVE: Aging is often associated with declines in episodic memory. Reliable tracking of memory requires assessment instruments that are stable over time to better understand changes potentially attributable to neurodegenerative disease. While prior studies support the test-retest reliability of memory instruments over brief intervals, follow-up testing in clinical settings typically occurs at least one-year later. The present study evaluated the long-term test-retest reliability of the California Verbal Learning Test - second edition (CVLT-2), a widely used measure of episodic learning and memory...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382899/organizational-learning-strategies-and-verbal-memory-deficits-in-bipolar-disorder
#7
George C Nitzburg, Armando Cuesta-Diaz, Luz H Ospina, Manuela Russo, Megan Shanahan, Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez, Emmett Larsen, Sandra Mulaimovic, Katherine E Burdick
BACKGROUND: Verbal memory (VM) impairment is prominent in bipolar disorder (BD) and is linked to functional outcomes. However, the intricacies of VM impairment have not yet been studied in a large sample of BD patients. Moreover, some have proposed VM deficits that may be mediated by organizational strategies, such as semantic or serial clustering. Thus, the exact nature of VM break-down in BD patients is not well understood, limiting remediation efforts. We investigated the intricacies of VM deficits in BD patients versus healthy controls (HCs) and examined whether verbal learning differences were mediated by use of clustering strategies...
April 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375761/children-and-adolescents-performance-on-a-medium-length-nonsemantic-word-list-test
#8
Julio César Flores-Lázaro, María Alejandra Salgado Soruco, Igor I Stepanov
Word-list learning tasks are among the most important and frequently used tests for declarative memory evaluation. For example, the California Verbal Learning Test-Children's Version (CVLT-C) and Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test provide important information about different cognitive-neuropsychological processes. However, the impact of test length (i.e., number of words) and semantic organization (i.e., type of words) on children's and adolescents' memory performance remains to be clarified, especially during this developmental stage...
April 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358551/normal-range-verbal-declarative-memory-in-schizophrenia
#9
R Walter Heinrichs, Melissa Parlar, Farena Pinnock
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment is prevalent and related to functional outcome in schizophrenia, but a significant minority of the patient population overlaps with healthy controls on many performance measures, including declarative-verbal-memory tasks. In this study, we assessed the validity, clinical, and functional implications of normal-range (NR), verbal-declarative memory in schizophrenia. METHOD: Performance normality was defined using normative data for 8 basic California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT-II; Delis, Kramer, Kaplan, & Ober, 2000) recall and recognition trials...
March 30, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334345/effects-of-age-and-gender-on-recall-and-recognition-discriminability
#10
Lisa V Graves, Charles C Moreno, Michelle Seewald, Heather M Holden, Emily J Van Etten, Vedang Uttarwar, Carrie R McDonald, Lisa Delano-Wood, Mark W Bondi, Steven Paul Woods, Dean C Delis, Paul E Gilbert
Objective: Recall and recognition memory abilities are known to decline with increasing age, yet much of the evidence stems from studies that used simple measures of total target recall or recognition. The California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) includes a new measure of recall discriminability that is analogous to recognition discriminability. These discriminability measures yield more thorough assessments of recall and recognition by accounting for intrusion and false positive errors, respectively...
March 17, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320165/hla-genotype-as-a-marker-of-multiple-sclerosis-prognosis-a-pilot-study
#11
Andreas P Lysandropoulos, Nicolas Mavroudakis, Massimo Pandolfo, Kaoutar El Hafsi, Wim van Hecke, Anke Maertens, Thibo Billiet, Annemie Ribbens
OBJECTIVE: The identification of a biomarker with prognostic value is an unmet need in multiple sclerosis (MS). The objective of this study was to investigate a possible association of HLA genotype with disease status and progression in MS, based on comprehensive and sensitive clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters to measure disease effects. METHOD: A total of 118 MS patients (79 females, 39 males) underwent HLA typing. Patient MS status was assessed at two time points in a 2-year interval, based on clinical scores (including EDSS, MSSS, T25FW, 9-HPT, SDMT, BVMT, CVLT-II) and MRI evaluations...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297591/estrogen-replacement-improves-verbal-memory-and-executive-control-in-oligomenorrheic-amenorrheic-athletes-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Charumathi Baskaran, Brooke Cunningham, Franziska Plessow, Vibha Singhal, Ryan Woolley, Kathryn E Ackerman, Meghan Slattery, Hang Lee, Elizabeth A Lawson, Kamryn Eddy, Madhusmita Misra
OBJECTIVE: Both estrogen and exercise may have cognition enhancing benefits; however, young oligomenorrheic/amenorrheic athletes (OA) with estrogen deficiency have not been evaluated for cognitive deficits. Our objective was to determine whether 6 months of estrogen replacement will impact cognitive domains in OA. We hypothesized that estrogen replacement would improve verbal memory and executive control in OA. METHODS: We performed cognitive assessments at baseline and after 6 months in 48 OA (14-25 years) randomized to estrogen (EST+) (oral 30 µg ethinyl estradiol [n = 16] or transdermal 100 µg 17-β-estradiol patch [n = 13]) or no estrogen (EST-) (n = 19) in an ongoing clinical trial...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273777/remote-assessment-of-verbal-memory-in-ms-patients-using-the-california-verbal-learning-test
#13
Lisa F Barcellos, Kalliope H Bellesis, Ling Shen, Xiaorong Shao, Terrence Chinn, Seth Frndak, Allison Drake, Nandini Bakshi, Jackie Marcus, Catherine Schaefer, Ralph Hb Benedict
We used the California Verbal Learning Test, Second Edition (CVLT-II), one component of the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS), to determine feasibility of a remote assessment protocol. We compared telephone-administered CVLT-II data from MS patients to data acquired in person from an independent sample of patients and healthy controls. Mixed factor analyses of variance (ANOVAs) showed no significant differences between patient groups, but between-group effects comparing patients and healthy controls were significant...
February 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111742/the-role-of-executive-functioning-in-memory-performance-in-pediatric-focal-epilepsy
#14
Leigh N Sepeta, Kaitlin Blackstone Casaletto, Virginia Terwilliger, Joy Facella-Ervolini, Maegan Sady, Jessica Mayo, William D Gaillard, Madison M Berl
OBJECTIVE: Learning and memory are essential for academic success and everyday functioning, but the pattern of memory skills and its relationship to executive functioning in children with focal epilepsy is not fully delineated. We address a gap in the literature by examining the relationship between memory and executive functioning in a pediatric focal epilepsy population. METHODS: Seventy children with focal epilepsy and 70 typically developing children matched on age, intellectual functioning, and gender underwent neuropsychological assessment, including measures of intelligence (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence [WASI]/Differential Ability Scales [DAS]), as well as visual Children's Memory Scale (CMS Dot Locations) and verbal episodic memory (Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning [WRAML] Story Memory and California Verbal Learning Test for Children [CVLT-C])...
February 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071963/impaired-verbal-learning-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder
#15
Lasha Corbett, Kenny A Karyadi, Dominique Kinney, Stephen R Nitch, Stacey Marie Bayan, Mark Williams
The present study aimed to: (a) examine verbal learning performances among forensic inpatients diagnosed with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder (SSD); and (b) compare verbal learning performances among forensic SSD inpatients, SSD outpatients, and a small control sample. Participants included forensic SSD inpatients (n = 71), SSD outpatients (n = 305; see Stone et al.), and a control sample from the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II) manual (n = 78; see Delis, Kramer, Kaplan, & Ober). Five verbal learning outcomes were measured using the CVLT-II...
January 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991994/the-correlation-between-edss-and-cognitive-impairment-in-ms-patients-assessment-of-a-brazilian-population-using-a-bicams-version
#16
Marco A G de Caneda, Maria Cecília A de Vecino
Objectives: To investigate the correlation between the disabilities of MS patients and their cognitive impairment assessed by the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS). Methods: Forty patients with definitive diagnoses of MS were selected. The correlation coefficient (r) between the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and the neuropsychological tests of BICAMS were calculated. Results: The correlation was clinically substantial and significant with r = 0...
December 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984258/incidental-learning-a-brief-valid-measure-of-memory-based-on-the-wais-iv-vocabulary-and-similarities-subtests
#17
Robert J Spencer, Jaclyn Reckow, Lauren L Drag, Linas A Bieliauskas
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the validity of a brief incidental learning measure based on the Similarities and Vocabulary subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV). BACKGROUND: Most neuropsychological assessments for memory require intentional learning, but incidental learning occurs without explicit instruction. Incidental memory tests such as the WAIS-III Symbol Digit Coding subtest have existed for many years, but few memory studies have used a semantically processed incidental learning model...
December 2016: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920794/dance-experience-and-associations-with-cortical-gray-matter-thickness-in-the-aging-population
#18
Shai Porat, Naira Goukasian, Kristy S Hwang, Theodore Zanto, Triet Do, Jonathan Pierce, Shantanu Joshi, Ellen Woo, Liana G Apostolova
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the effect dance experience may have on cortical gray matter thickness and cognitive performance in elderly participants with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: 39 cognitively normal and 48 MCI elderly participants completed a questionnaire regarding their lifetime experience with music, dance, and song. Participants identified themselves as either dancers or nondancers. All participants received structural 1.5-tesla MRI scans and detailed clinical and neuropsychological evaluations...
September 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889837/exercise-training-effects-on-memory-and-hippocampal-viscoelasticity-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-novel-application-of-magnetic-resonance-elastography
#19
Brian M Sandroff, Curtis L Johnson, Robert W Motl
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive impairment is common and debilitating among persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and might be managed with exercise training. However, the effects of exercise training on viscoelastic brain properties in this population are unknown. The present pilot study adopted a single-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) design and is the first to examine the effect of an aerobic exercise training intervention on learning and memory and hippocampal viscoelasticity using magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) in persons with MS...
November 26, 2016: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885448/cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-treated-with-first-line-disease-modifying-therapy-a-multi-center-controlled-study-using-the-bicams-battery
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bilge Piri Cinar, Görkem Kösehasanoğulları, Pinar Yigit, Serkan Ozakbas
Multiple sclerosis (MS) can impair cognitive functions even in the early stages. The Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) battery is very short and highly sensitive and can be used to evaluate cognitive status in the disease. Several clinical trials have shown beneficial effects of disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) on long-term cognitive measures which may even reduce cognitive deficits in MS patients. Relapsing remitting MS patients using DMDs were enrolled in the study and monitored for 12 months...
February 2017: Neurological Sciences
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