keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ADD/ADHD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765219/estimated-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diagnosed-adhd-and-health-care-utilization-in-adults-in-sweden-a-longitudinal-population-based-register-study
#1
Maria Polyzoi, Ewa Ahnemark, Emma Medin, Ylva Ginsberg
Background: Although the worldwide prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults is estimated to be between 2% and 5%, it is considered to be underdiagnosed. This register study explored the prevalence of diagnosed ADHD and incidence of newly diagnosed ADHD in Swedish adults over time, and assessed comorbidities and pharmacologic treatment. Methods: National Patient Register data were used to estimate the overall prevalence of adults (≥18 years) with a registered ADHD diagnosis from 2006 to 2011, and the incidence of newly registered diagnoses from 2007 to 2011...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748952/disentangling-tourette-syndrome-heterogeneity-through-hierarchical-ascendant-clustering
#2
Elena Cravedi, Emmanuelle Deniau, Marianna Giannitelli, Hugues Pellerin, Virginie Czernecki, Tiphanie Priou, Jean Xavier, Angèle Consoli, Andreas Hartmann, David Cohen
AIM: To explore the heterogeneity of Tourette syndrome as part of a neurodevelopmental spectrum. METHOD: Using hierarchical ascendant clustering based on tic symptoms, developmental milestones, and neurodevelopmental comorbidities, we analyzed the heterogeneity of Tourette syndrome phenotypes in a sample of 174 children and adolescents with Tourette syndrome referred to a tertiary university clinic. RESULTS: The model yielded three distinct clusters characterized as follows...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688116/association-between-altered-lipid-profiles-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-boys
#3
Sibelnur Avcil
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder, which is multifactorial, complex, and seen most commonly in childhood. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the hypothesis that altered serum lipid profiles are associated with ADHD. METHODS: The study inluded 32 boys diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM-IV-R criteria and a control group of 29 healthy subjects. All patients were assessed with The Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Present and Lifetime Version, the Turgay DSM-IV-based Disruptive Behavior Disorders Child and Adolescent Rating and Screening Scale, the Conners Parent Rating Scale-Revised Long Form, and the Conners Teacher Rating Scale...
April 24, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672178/obese-and-allergic-related-asthma-phenotypes-among-children-across-the-united-states
#4
Mindy K Ross, Tahmineh Romero, Myung S Sim, Peter G Szilagyi
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric asthma is heterogeneous with phenotypes that reflect differing underlying inflammation and pathophysiology. Little is known about the national prevalence of certain obesity and allergy related asthma phenotypes or associated characteristics. We therefore assessed the national prevalence, risk factors, and parent-reported severity of four asthma phenotypes: not-allergic-not-obese, allergic-not-obese, obese-not-allergic, and allergic-and-obese. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) of 10-17 year-olds with parent-reported asthma...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611868/health-related-quality-of-life-and-peer-relationships-in-adolescents-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Deborah Dewey, Anna Volkovinskaia
AIM: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and peer relationships were investigated in adolescents with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: Adolescents with DCD (n=9), ADHD (n=9), DCD and ADHD (n=10), and typically developing adolescents (n=16) completed the following questionnaires: KIDSCREEN-52 Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire and Peer Relations Questionnaire for Children. Twenty-five participants took part in semi-structured interviews...
April 3, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490561/waiting-impulsivity-a-distinctive-feature-of-adhd-neuropsychology
#6
Jeroen Van Dessel, Sarah Morsink, Saskia Van der Oord, Jurgen Lemiere, Matthijs Moerkerke, Margaux Grandelis, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Marina Danckaerts
Impulsivity is a core feature of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It has been conceptualized in a number of different ways. In the current article, we examine how the new concept of "waiting impulsivity", which refers to premature responding before a scheduled target appears, adds to our understanding of impulsivity in ADHD. Sixty children (8-12 years old; 30 ADHD; 30 typically developing controls) completed the 4-choice serial reaction time task, a measure of waiting impulsivity, alongside tasks measuring inhibitory control and temporal discounting and questionnaires measuring behavioral disorder symptoms, delay aversion, and various aspects of impulsivity...
February 28, 2018: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482662/bright-light-therapy-versus-physical-exercise-to-prevent-co-morbid-depression-and-obesity-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jutta S Mayer, Katharina Hees, Juliane Medda, Oliver Grimm, Philip Asherson, Mariano Bellina, Michael Colla, Pol Ibáñez, Elena Koch, Antonio Martinez-Nicolas, Adrià Muntaner-Mas, Anna Rommel, Nanda Rommelse, Saskia de Ruiter, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer, Meinhard Kieser, Francisco B Ortega, Johannes Thome, Jan K Buitelaar, Jonna Kuntsi, J Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Andreas Reif, Christine M Freitag
BACKGROUND: The risk for major depression and obesity is increased in adolescents and adults with attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and adolescent ADHD predicts adult depression and obesity. Non-pharmacological interventions to treat and prevent these co-morbidities are urgently needed. Bright light therapy (BLT) improves day-night rhythm and is an emerging therapy for major depression. Exercise intervention (EI) reduces obesity and improves depressive symptoms. To date, no randomized controlled trial (RCT) has been performed to establish feasibility and efficacy of these interventions targeting the prevention of co-morbid depression and obesity in ADHD...
February 26, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476840/methylphenidate-selectively-modulates-one-sub-component-of-the-no-go-p3-in-pediatric-adhd-medication-responders
#8
Ida Emilia Aasen, Geir Øgrim, Juri Kropotov, Jan Ferenc Brunner
Methylphenidate (MPH) has been shown to modulate the amplitude of the no-go P3 component of the event-related potential (ERP; Øgrim, Aasen, & Brunner, 2016). Using group independent component analysis, the no-go P3 from a cued go/no-go task has been separated into two sub-components (Brunner et al., 2013). This study investigated whether sub-components of the no-go P3 could be identified in children with ADHD, and how MPH modulates their amplitudes. ERPs were registered twice (on/off MPH) in 57 children with ADHD classified as medication responders in a four-week medication trial...
April 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475238/temperament-in-adulthood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-without-bipolar-disorder
#9
Filiz Ozdemiroglu, Kadir Karakus, Cagdas Oyku Memis, Levent Sevincok, Sanem Mersin
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether some temperamental traits would be associated with persistence of attention deficit-hyperacitivty disorder (ADHD) in adulthood independent from bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: Eighty-one ADHD patients without a comorbid diagnosis of BD were divided into two groups, those with childhood ADHD (n=46), and those with Adulthood ADHD (n=35). The severity of childhood and adulthood ADHD were assessed by using the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS-25) and Turgay's Adult ADD/ADHD Diagnosis and Evaluation Scale (DES)...
March 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469593/l-carnosine-as-adjunctive-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Alireza Ghajar, Farinaz Aghajan-Nashtaei, Mohsen Afarideh, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of l-carnosine as an add-on to methylphenidate in management of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This was an 8-week, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study. Fifty-six drug-free children and adolescents aged 6-17 years old with a diagnosis of ADHD entered the study. The patients were randomly assigned to l-carnosine (800 mg/d in two divided doses) or placebo plus methylphenidate (0...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432505/the-use-of-eeg-biofeedback-neurofeedback-in-psychiatric-rehabilitation
#11
REVIEW
Renata Markiewcz
The aim of the systematic review was to evaluate the use of EEG Biofeedback/Neurofeedback in patients treated for mental disorders. The review covered publications analyzing influences and effects of therapy in patients receiving psychiatric treatment based on EEG Biofeedback/Neurofeedback. Selection of publications was made by searching PubMed and Scopus databases. 328 records concerning applications of the presented method were identified in total, including 84 records for patients diagnosed with mental disorders...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429133/having-older-siblings-is-associated-with-lower-rates-of-depression-add-adhd-anxiety-and-behavior-problems-among-children-with-asd
#12
Guillermo Montes
Objective Within the social determinants of mental health framework, this article investigated whether children with ASD who have older siblings are less likely to experience depression, anxiety, behavior problems or have ADD/ADHD after controlling for standard social determinants of mental health such as household income, parental education and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). Methods Using the National Survey of Children's Health 2011-2012, children with ASD spectrum disorders (n = 1624) were categorized into three groups: only child, oldest child and has older siblings...
May 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391481/neurophysiological-mechanisms-of-interval-timing-dissociate-inattentive-and-combined-adhd-subtypes
#13
Annet Bluschke, Jacqueline Schuster, Veit Roessner, Christian Beste
It is far from conclusive what distinguishes the inattentive (ADD) and the combined (ADHD-C) subtype of ADHD on the neuronal level. Theoretical considerations suggest that especially interval timing processes may dissociate these subtypes from each other. Combining high-density EEG recordings with source localization analyses, we examine whether there are ADHD-subtype specific modulations of neurophysiological processes subserving interval timing in matched groups of ADD (n = 16), ADHD-C (n = 16) and controls (n = 16)...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377119/secular-changes-in-the-symptom-level-of-clinically-diagnosed-autism
#14
Olof Arvidsson, Christopher Gillberg, Paul Lichtenstein, Sebastian Lundström
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of autism has been reported to have increased worldwide. A decrease over time in the number of autism symptoms required for a clinical autism diagnosis would partly help explain this increase. This study aimed to determine whether the symptom level of clinically diagnosed autism cases below age 13 had changed over time. METHODS: Parents of Swedish 9-year old twins (n = 28,118) participated in a telephone survey, in which symptoms and dysfunction/suffering related to neurodevelopmental disorders [including autism, but also attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), and Learning Disabilities (LD)] in their children were assessed over a 10-year period...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321705/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-nicotine-dependence-in-adults
#15
Bülent Bilgi, Umut Mert Aksoy, Özge Şahmelikoğlu Onur, Ayşe Fulya Maner
Introduction: The aim of this study is to assess clinical characteristics and smoking profiles of individuals diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and compare their nicotine dependence status with healthy controls for better understanding the mutual and complex relationship between ADHD and smoking. Methods: We included the following participants in the study: 40 adults with the diagnosis of ADHD, 40 participants who visited the smoking cessation polyclinic without any psychiatric disorders, and 40 healthy controls...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200564/family-loading-and-morbidity-risk-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-patients-with-alcohol-dependence-syndrome
#16
Mahesh Desai, Mrunal Bandawar, Arun Kandasamy, Vivek Benegal
Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and substance-use disorders often co-occur. Aim: Aim of this study was to look at the family loading of ADHD (in adults and children) in patients with alcohol-dependence syndrome (ADS) along with the estimation of morbidity risk (MR) for developing ADHD. Methods: Thirty-five male patients with ADS along with their 369 first-degree relatives (FDRs) - both children and adults - were recruited...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169294/susceptibility-of-functional-impairment-scales-to-noncredible-responses-in-the-clinical-evaluation-of-adult-adhd
#17
Anselm B M Fuermaier, Oliver Tucha, Janneke Koerts, Marah Butzbach, Matthias Weisbrod, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Lara Tucha
OBJECTIVE: A growing body of research questions the reliance of symptom self-reports in the clinical evaluation of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood. A recent study suggested that also impairment reports are vulnerable to noncredible responses, as derived from a simulation design using a global functional impairment scale. The present study aims to add evidence to this issue, by using an ADHD specific impairment scale in a simulation design on large samples...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157090/a-critical-review-of-developmental-exposure-to-particulate-matter-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Tiffani A Fordyce, Megan J Leonhard, Ellen T Chang
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit (hyperactivity) disorder (ADD/ADHD) are key focuses of current health research due to their increasing prevalence. The objective of this systematic literature search and critical review was to evaluate whether the human epidemiologic data indicate a pattern of association between ASD or ADD/ADHD and developmental exposure to particulate matter (PM), with a focus on exposures encountered before the age of three. A MEDLINE and EMBASE search was conducted; following preliminary and full-text screening, 14 relevant articles were identified for review...
January 28, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144831/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-unique-considerations-in-athletes
#19
REVIEW
Chaney G Stewman, Catherine Liebman, Laura Fink, Brad Sandella
CONTEXT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric condition in the general population, with evidence suggesting that it may be more common among athletes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature searches were performed on PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane databases for the years 2000 to 2016 utilizing the following key search terms: ADHD, ADD, guidelines, diagnosis, athlete, sports, treatment, pharmacotherapy, stimulants, risk, cardiovascular effects, concussion, and traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
January 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090967/the-qualitative-interview-study-of-persistent-and-nonpersistent-substance-use-in-the-mta-sample-characteristics-frequent-use-and-reasons-for-use
#20
James M Swanson, Timothy Wigal, Peter S Jensen, John T Mitchell, Thomas S Weisner, Desiree Murray, L Eugene Arnold, Lily Hechtman, Brooke S G Molina, Elizabeth B Owens, Stephen P Hinshaw, Katherine Belendiuk, Andrea Howard, Sharon B Wigal, Page Sorensen, Annamarie Stehli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate participants' perceptions about frequent use and reasons for substance use (SU) in the qualitative interview study, an add-on to the multimodal treatment study of ADHD (MTA). METHOD: Using the longitudinal MTA database, 39 ADHD cases and 19 peers with Persistent SU, and 86 ADHD cases and 39 peers without Persistent SU were identified and recruited. In adulthood, an open-ended interview was administered, and SU excerpts were indexed and classified to create subtopics (frequent use and reasons for use of alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
keyword
keyword
15637
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"