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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144831/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-unique-considerations-in-athletes
#1
Chaney G Stewman, Catherine Liebman, Laura Fink, Brad Sandella
CONTEXT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric condition in the general population, with evidence suggesting that it may be more common among athletes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature searches were performed on PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane databases for the years 2000 to 2016 utilizing the following key search terms: ADHD, ADD, guidelines, diagnosis, athlete, sports, treatment, pharmacotherapy, stimulants, risk, cardiovascular effects, concussion, and traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090967/the-qualitative-interview-study-of-persistent-and-nonpersistent-substance-use-in-the-mta-sample-characteristics-frequent-use-and-reasons-for-use
#2
James M Swanson, Timothy Wigal, Peter S Jensen, John T Mitchell, Thomas S Weisner, Desiree Murray, L Eugene Arnold, Lily Hechtman, Brooke S G Molina, Elizabeth B Owens, Stephen P Hinshaw, Katherine Belendiuk, Andrea Howard, Sharon B Wigal, Page Sorensen, Annamarie Stehli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate participants' perceptions about frequent use and reasons for substance use (SU) in the qualitative interview study, an add-on to the multimodal treatment study of ADHD (MTA). METHOD: Using the longitudinal MTA database, 39 ADHD cases and 19 peers with Persistent SU, and 86 ADHD cases and 39 peers without Persistent SU were identified and recruited. In adulthood, an open-ended interview was administered, and SU excerpts were indexed and classified to create subtopics (frequent use and reasons for use of alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067802/ultrasensitive-and-selective-organic-fet-type-nonenzymatic-dopamine-sensor-based-on-platinum-nanoparticles-decorated-reduced-graphene-oxide
#3
Jungkyun Oh, Jun Seop Lee, Jaemoon Jun, Sung Gun Kim, Jyongsik Jang
Dopamine (DA), a catecholamine hormone, is an important neurotransmitter that controls renal and cardiovascular organizations and regulates physiological activities. Abnormal concentrations of DA cause unfavorable neuronal illnesses such as Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder/attention deficit disorder. However, the DA concentration is exceedingly low in patients and difficult to detect with existing biosensors. In this study, we developed an organic field-effect-transistor-type (OFET) nonenzyme biosensor using platinum nanoparticle-decorated reduced graphene oxide (Pt_rGO) for ultrasensitive and selective DA detection...
November 2, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987706/combined-effects-of-prenatal-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-material-hardship-on-child-adhd-behavior-problems
#4
Frederica P Perera, Kylie Wheelock, Ya Wang, Deliang Tang, Amy E Margolis, Gladys Badia, Whitney Cowell, Rachel L Miller, Virginia Rauh, Shuang Wang, Julie B Herbstman
IMPORTANCE: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are carcinogenic and neurotoxic combustion by-products commonly found in urban air. Exposure to PAH is disproportionately high in low income communities of color who also experience chronic economic stress. OBJECTIVE: In a prospective cohort study in New York City (NYC) we previously found a significant association between prenatal PAH exposure and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) behavior problems at age 9...
October 4, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965069/tobacco-product-use-and-mental-health-status-among-young-adults
#5
Jessica L King, Beth A Reboussin, John Spangler, Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Erin L Sutfin
BACKGROUND: Individuals with mental health conditions represent a priority population for tobacco control. This population smokes cigarettes at disproportionately higher rates than the general population, but less is known about the relationship between non-cigarette tobacco use and mental health status. METHOD: In 2013, 2370 young adults recruited from 11 colleges in North Carolina and Virginia completed an online survey on tobacco use. We compared past 6-month self-reported mental health diagnosis, past 30-day depression score, and past 7-day stress score to past 30-day cigarette, e-cigarette, waterpipe, cigar, and smokeless tobacco use...
September 23, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963043/spontaneously-hypertensive-shr-rats-choose-more-impulsively-than-wistar-kyoto-wky-rats-on-a-delay-discounting-task
#6
Carlos F Aparicio, Paul J Hennigan, Laurel J Mulligan, Benigno Alonso-Alvarez
Indications of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) are not consistent across different tests of impulsivity, questioning the SHR's validity as a rodent model of ADHD. This study used a concurrent-chains procedure to examine possible differences in impulsive choice between SHRs and control-normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. The aim was to extend the generality of findings showing regularities between the hyperbolic-decay model and the generalized matching law fitting delay discounting data from nonhuman animals...
September 26, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956509/multiple-causal-pathways-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-do-emerging-executive-and-motivational-deviations-precede-symptom-development
#7
Ursula Pauli-Pott, Susan Schloß, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Katja Becker
The multiple causal pathways model on the etiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is well established. However, developmental implications of the model are not yet sufficiently analyzed. The model implies that critical neural and neuropsychological deviations from normative development precede secondarily developing ADHD symptoms. Cognitive, "cool" inhibitory control (CIC) and reward-related, "hot" functions (RRF) are regarded as neuropsychological basic deficits that indicate independent causal pathways...
September 28, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933237/cross-validation-and-development-of-empirically-derived-adhd-assessment-strategies-insights-from-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-health-add-health
#8
Shirag K Shemmassian, Steve S Lee
OBJECTIVE: There is replicated evidence that individual ADHD symptoms differentially predict ADHD diagnostic status, and that non- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-based symptom algorithms are superior to DSM criteria for ruling in or ruling out ADHD. However, these findings have been limited to case-control samples, despite the need to replicate them in independent and more representative samples and to increase their generalizability. METHOD: We analyzed the base rates and psychometric properties of ADHD symptoms in the population-based National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health; http://www...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878639/differential-associations-between-cortical-thickness-and-striatal-dopamine-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-adults-with-adhd-vs-healthy-controls
#9
Mariya V Cherkasova, Nazlie Faridi, Kevin F Casey, Kevin Larcher, Gillian A O'Driscoll, Lily Hechtman, Ridha Joober, Glen B Baker, Jennifer Palmer, Alan C Evans, Alain Dagher, Chawki Benkelfat, Marco Leyton
Alterations in catecholamine signaling and cortical morphology have both been implicated in the pathophysiology of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, possible links between the two remain unstudied. Here, we report exploratory analyses of cortical thickness and its relation to striatal dopamine transmission in treatment-naïve adults with ADHD and matched healthy controls. All participants had one magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and two [(11)C]raclopride positron emission tomography scans...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853132/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-school-aged-children-in-jordan
#10
Manar Al Azzam, Mohammed Al Bashtawy, Ahmad Tubaishat, Abdul-Monim Batiha, Loai Tawalbeh
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among school children in Jordan and the probable associated risk factors. This was a crosssectional descriptive study and simple random sampling was used to select 480 students, aged 6-12 years, from government primary schools in Mafraq City, Jordan. Data were collected using the modified Arabic version of the Attention Deficit Disorder Evaluation Scale (ADDES) school version and parental questionnaire...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818147/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-fatal-accidents-in-aviation-medicine
#11
Tanja Laukkala, Robert Bor, Bruce Budowle, Antti Sajantila, Pooshan Navathe, Markku Sainio, Alpo Vuorio
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interfere with functioning and/or development. ADHD occurs in about 2.5% of adults. ADHD can be an excluding medical condition among pilots due to the risk of attentional degradation and therefore impact on flight safety. Diagnosis of ADHD is complex, which complicates aeromedical assessment. This study highlights fatal accident cases among pilots with ADHD and discusses protocols to detect its presence to help to assess its importance to flight safety...
September 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738266/adhd-symptoms-impact-smoking-outcomes-and-withdrawal-in-response-to-varenicline-treatment-for-smoking-cessation
#12
L Cinnamon Bidwell, Hollis C Karoly, Kent E Hutchison, Angela D Bryan
INTRODUCTION: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with nicotine dependence and difficulty quitting smoking. Few cessation trials specifically consider the impact of ADHD on treatment outcomes, including those testing established pharmacological therapies, such as varenicline. METHODS: The current study focused on the impact of pretreatment ADHD inattention (IN) and hyperactivity-impulsivity (HI) symptoms on treatment outcome in a randomized controlled trial of varenicline [N=205, average age=34...
October 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701934/neuronal-intra-individual-variability-masks-response-selection-differences-between-adhd-subtypes-a-need-to-change-perspectives
#13
Annet Bluschke, Witold X Chmielewski, Moritz Mückschel, Veit Roessner, Christian Beste
Due to the high intra-individual variability in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), there may be considerable bias in knowledge about altered neurophysiological processes underlying executive dysfunctions in patients with different ADHD subtypes. When aiming to establish dimensional cognitive-neurophysiological constructs representing symptoms of ADHD as suggested by the initiative for Research Domain Criteria, it is crucial to consider such processes independent of variability. We examined patients with the predominantly inattentive subtype (attention deficit disorder, ADD) and the combined subtype of ADHD (ADHD-C) in a flanker task measuring conflict control...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700036/computerized-cognitive-training-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-as-add-on-treatment-to-stimulants-feasibility-study-and-protocol-description
#14
Virginia de Oliveira Rosa, Marcelo Schmitz, Carlos Roberto Moreira-Maia, Flavia Wagner, Igor Londero, Caroline de Fraga Bassotto, Guilherme Moritz, Caroline Dos Santos de Souza, Luis Augusto Paim Rohde
Background: Cognitive training has received increasing attention as a non-pharmacological approach for the treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. Few studies have assessed cognitive training as add-on treatment to medication in randomized placebo controlled trials. The purpose of this preliminary study was to explore the feasibility of implementing a computerized cognitive training program for ADHD in our environment, describe its main characteristics and potential efficacy in a small pilot study...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693369/subjective-health-complaints-and-exposure-to-peer-victimization-among-disabled-and-non-disabled-adolescents-a-population-based-study-in-sweden
#15
Maria Fridh, Marie Köhler, Birgit Modén, Martin Lindström, Maria Rosvall
AIMS: To investigate subjective health complaints (SHCs) (psychological and somatic, respectively) among disabled and non-disabled adolescents, focusing on the impact of traditional bullying and cyber harassment, and furthermore to report psychological and somatic SHCs across different types of disability. METHODS: Data from the public health survey of children and adolescents in Scania, Sweden, 2012 was used. A questionnaire was answered anonymously in school by 9791 students in the 9th grade (response rate 83%), and 7533 of these with valid answers on key questions were included in this study...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682784/the-theoretical-underpinnings-of-internet-addiction-and-its-association-with-psychopathology-in-adolescence
#16
Shawn Taylor, Sirirada Pattara-Angkoon, Schwanagorn Sirirat, Damith Woods
This paper reviews the psychological and theoretical underpinnings that might help to explain the reported relationship between Internet addiction (IA) and psychopathology in both children and adolescents. Drawing on cognitive-behavioural models and social-skills theory, IA shows a strong relationship with depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and time spent using the Internet use. Mixed findings are reported for social anxiety. Loneliness and hostility were also found to be associated with IA...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641216/psychoeducational-groups-for-adults-with-adhd-and-their-significant-others-pegasus-a-pragmatic-multicenter-and-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
T Hirvikoski, T Lindström, J Carlsson, E Waaler, J Jokinen, S Bölte
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility, efficacy, and effectiveness of PEGASUS, a group-based structured psychoeducation for adults with ADHD and their significant others. METHOD: A pragmatic parallel group add-on design multicenter randomized controlled trial was conducted, comparing an 8-session treatment with PEGASUS (allocated n=97; 48 with ADHD and 49 with significant others) to treatment as usual (TAU, allocated n=82; 39 with ADHD and 43 significant others)...
May 9, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566963/the-investigation-of-symptoms-and-diagnoses-of-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-women-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#18
Kadir Demirci, Funda Yildirim Baş, Bahriye Arslan, Zeliha Salman, Abdullah Akpinar, Arif Demirdaş
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate symptoms and diagnoses of Adult-Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in women with iron deficiency anemia, to evaluate relationship between ADHD with clinical features and to compare with the women without iron deficiency anemia. METHODS: Eighty-three newly diagnosed iron deficiency anemia patients and 70 healthy controls were included in this study. All participants were assessed using a sociodemographic form, Structured Clinical Interview I (SCID-I), Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS); Moreover, participants having WURS scores 36 and above were also assessed using the Adult ADD/ADHD Evaluation Scale and interviewed according to DSM-5 criteria...
March 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539852/abnormal-brain-connectivity-spectrum-disorders-following-thimerosal-administration-a-prospective-longitudinal-case-control-assessment-of-medical-records-in-the-vaccine-safety-datalink
#19
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Kristin G Homme, Mark R Geier
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), tic disorder (TD), and hyperkinetic syndrome of childhood (attention deficit disorder [ADD]/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]) are disorders recently defined as abnormal connectivity spectrum disorders (ACSDs) because they show a similar pattern of abnormal brain connectivity. This study examines whether these disorders are associated with exposure to thimerosal, a mercury (Hg)-based preservative. METHODS: A hypothesis testing case-control study evaluated the Vaccine Safety Datalink for the potential dose-dependent odds ratios (ORs) for diagnoses of ASD, TD, and ADD/ADHD compared to controls, following exposure to Hg from thimerosal-containing Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccines administrated within the first 15 months of life...
January 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457852/identification-of-a-novel-de-novo-nonsense-mutation-of-the-nsd1-gene-in-monozygotic-twins-discordant-for-sotos-syndrome
#20
Ji Yoon Han, In Goo Lee, Woori Jang, Soyoung Shin, Joonhong Park, Myungshin Kim
INTRODUCTION: Sotos syndrome is a congenital overgrowth disorder characterized by facial gestalt, excessively rapid growth, acromegalic features and a non-progressive cerebral disorder with intellectual disability. METHODOLOGY: The identical male twins showed somewhat different clinical, cognitive and behavioural phenotypes. Abnormal clinical manifestations including seizures, scoliosis, enlarged ventricles, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were found in the proband (first twin), but not in the sibling (second twin)...
July 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
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