keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vaccine refusal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330996/missed-immunization-opportunities-among-children-under-5-years-of-age-dwelling-in-karachi-city
#1
Asif Khaliq, Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Syed Abdullah Hussaini, Kiran Azam, Mehak Qamar
BACKGROUND: Immunization is the safest and effective measure for preventing and eradicating various communicable diseases. A glaring immunization gap exists between developing and industrialized countries towards immunization, because the developing countries including Pakistan are still striving to provide basic immunization to their children. The purpose of this study was to access the prevalence and factors of missing immunization among under 5-year children of Karachi.. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from June 2015 to October 2015 among different outpatient clinics of Karachi...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325822/parental-vaccine-hesitancy-in-italy-results-from-a-national-survey
#2
Cristina Giambi, Massimo Fabiani, Fortunato D'Ancona, Lorenza Ferrara, Daniel Fiacchini, Tolinda Gallo, Domenico Martinelli, Maria Grazia Pascucci, Rosa Prato, Antonietta Filia, Antonino Bella, Martina Del Manso, Caterina Rizzo, Maria Cristina Rota
In Italy, in 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional survey to estimate vaccine hesitancy and investigate its determinants among parents of children aged 16-36 months. Data on parental attitudes and beliefs about vaccinations were collected through a questionnaire administered online or self-administered at pediatricians' offices and nurseries. Parents were classified as pro-vaccine, vaccine-hesitant or anti-vaccine, according to self-reported tetanus and measles vaccination status of their child. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate factors associated with hesitancy...
January 8, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319427/legal-approaches-to-promoting-parental-compliance-with-childhood-immunization-recommendations
#3
Lois A Weithorn, Dorit Rubinstein Reiss
Rates of vaccine-preventable diseases have increased in the United States in recent years, largely due to parental refusals of recommended childhood immunizations. Empirical studies have demonstrated a relationship between nonvaccination rates and permissive state vaccine exemption policies, indicating that legal reforms may promote higher immunization rates. This article reviews relevant data and considers the legal landscape. It analyzes federal and state Constitutional law, concluding that religious and personal belief exemptions to school-entry vaccine mandates are not constitutionally required...
January 10, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299729/barriers-and-facilitators-of-hpv-vaccination-in-the-vfc-program
#4
Wayne S Fleming, Kristin K Sznajder, Margaret Nepps, Sameh W Boktor
This study determined facilitators and barriers to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination perceived by providers of healthcare in the federally funded Pennsylvania Vaccines for Children (PA VFC) program. The cross-sectional study gathered descriptive data through a survey research design. Providers of healthcare were recruited through an email containing a link to an 18-question online survey. The survey was divided into four main sections which assessed the perceived facilitators and barriers to HPV vaccination of PA VFC program-eligibles...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297649/no-jab-no-pay-and-vaccine-refusal-in-australia-the-jury-is-out
#5
Frank H Beard, Julie Leask, Peter B McIntyre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289384/the-vaccine-hesitancy-scale-psychometric-properties-and-validation
#6
Gilla K Shapiro, Ovidiu Tatar, Eve Dube, Rhonda Amsel, Barbel Knauper, Anila Naz, Samara Perez, Zeev Rosberger
INTRODUCTION: The SAGE Working Group on Vaccine Hesitancy developed a vaccine hesitancy measure, the Vaccine Hesitancy Scale (VHS). This scale has the potential to aid in the advancement of research and immunization policy but has not yet been psychometrically evaluated. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, we collected self-reported survey data from a large national sample of Canadian parents from August to September 2016. An online questionnaire was completed in English or French...
December 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261361/voluntary-termination-of-pregnancy-an-opportunity-for-measles-mumps-and-rubella-vaccination-in-an-italian-healthcare-local-unit
#7
V Pettinicchio, V Santoro, C Vazzoler, P Magliocchetti, D Orsini, A Lancia, E Franco
In Italy, the National Plan for the Elimination of Measles and Congenital Rubella 2010-15 suggests offering Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccination to susceptible women who underwent voluntary termination of pregnancy (VTP) In Rome, S. Eugenio Hospital is one of the structures where VTP is practised in an Operative Unit called "Family Planning" The primary goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of susceptibility to rubella, using IgG and IgM immunoassays, among women accessing VTP and to offering MMR vaccination to susceptible women...
December 20, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248825/predictors-of-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-behaviour-among-nurses-and-implications-for-interventions-to-increase-vaccination-uptake-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Ting Kan, Jiaqi Ai, Jing Zhang, Xiaohong Liu
BACKGROUND: Vaccination has been proven the most effective method to prevent seasonal influenza. Nurses' vaccination can provide protection against influenza not only for themselves but also for patients they take care of. However, vaccination coverage of nurses is suboptimal worldwide, especially in China. The influencing factors need to be explored so as to develop specific, workable strategies to improve nurses' vaccination behaviour. OBJECTIVES: To explore predictors of their vaccination behaviour, identify the motivators and barriers of vaccination, and provide implications for future interventions...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229821/critical-dynamics-in-population-vaccinating-behavior
#9
A Demetri Pananos, Thomas M Bury, Clara Wang, Justin Schonfeld, Sharada P Mohanty, Brendan Nyhan, Marcel Salathé, Chris T Bauch
Vaccine refusal can lead to renewed outbreaks of previously eliminated diseases and even delay global eradication. Vaccinating decisions exemplify a complex, coupled system where vaccinating behavior and disease dynamics influence one another. Such systems often exhibit critical phenomena-special dynamics close to a tipping point leading to a new dynamical regime. For instance, critical slowing down (declining rate of recovery from small perturbations) may emerge as a tipping point is approached. Here, we collected and geocoded tweets about measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and classified their sentiment using machine-learning algorithms...
December 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226755/vaccination-rates-in-patients-with-medical-indications-for-the-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccine-in-a-family-medicine-clinic
#10
Anthony Trovato, Karen Gunning, Karly Pippitt
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal vaccination rates among high-risk patients (eg, diabetes, asthma, smoking) seen in 2 family medicine clinics are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess differences in pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination rates and reasons for nonvaccination among patients with diabetes and asthma and patients who smoke. METHODS: A chart review at 2 family medicine residency training clinics showed 425 patients with a medical indication for PPSV23 were seen between April 1, 2015, and April 30, 2015...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220709/self-reported-influenza-vaccination-rates-and-attitudes-towards-vaccination-among-health-care-workers-results-of-a-survey-in-a-german-university-hospital
#11
M H Hagemeister, N K Stock, T Ludwig, P Heuschmann, U Vogel
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this survey was to analyse vaccination rates and attitudes towards vaccination among health care workers (HCWs). The period prevalence of self-reported acute respiratory infections in the influenza season 2014/2015 was examined. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among HCWs of a German university hospital using an anonymised questionnaire. Recruitment was performed by providing all medical and nursing staff a paper questionnaire with an invitation to participate...
December 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210350/rotavirus-vaccine-will-improve-child-survival-by-more-than-just-preventing-diarrhea-evidence-from-bangladesh
#12
Senjuti Saha, Mathuram Santosham, Manzoor Hussain, Robert E Black, Samir K Saha
Despite the high burden of rotavirus diarrhea, uptake of rotavirus vaccines in Asia remains low. This primarily stems from a perception of rotavirus as a non-life-threatening pathogen amidst a background of competing health priorities and limited resources. In the largest pediatric hospital of Bangladesh, where there is a fierce competition for beds, we found that between November 2015 and October 2016, 12% of 23,064 admissions were due to gastrointestinal infections, 54% of which were caused by rotavirus. One in four cases requiring hospitalization, or 5,879 cases, was refused because of unavailability of beds...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202149/clinical-inquiries-which-interventions-are-effective-in-managing-parental-vaccine-refusal
#13
REVIEW
Dan Brelsford, Elise Knutzen, Jon O Neher, Sarah Safranek
It's unclear whether educational initiatives alone alter vaccine refusal. Although about a third of parents cite herd immunity as motivation for vaccination, its efficacy in addressing vaccine hesitancy isn't clear. Multifaceted interventions (encompassing improved access to vaccines, immunization mandates, and patient education) may produce a ≥25% increase in vaccine uptake in groups with vaccine hesitancy and low utilization. Correcting false information about influenza vaccination improves perceptions about the vaccine, but may decrease intention to vaccinate in parents who already have strong concerns about safety...
December 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186941/is-one-minute-enough-to-convince-parents-to-vaccinate-their-child
#14
Justyna Tymińska, Jacek Wysocki
INTRODUCTION: A growing number of parents refuse childhood vaccination. This situation may be caused by many reasons, but surely the lack of parental knowledge is one of them. A physician, as the most reliable source of information about vaccination, plays an important role in parental education. How can we successfully inform parents about vaccinations, when faced with primary care visit being too short? The aim of this study was to assess the impact of three types of information about pneumococcal vaccine on parental decision-making...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176088/hope-and-resentment
#15
Jamie Lindemann Nelson
A common challenge for both health-care providers and policymakers is to deal with people as people, rather than merely as biological or social problems to be managed. In terms introduced in P. F. Strawson's much-discussed essay "Freedom and Resentment" (1962), the difficulty is to maintain a reactive "participant stance," rather than a solely objective perspective, toward those with whom they have difficulties. Vaccine resistance and refusal provides a particularly pointed instance of this challenge: there is evidence that suggests standard methods of rational persuasion tend to be ineffective, even counter-productive, in easing skepticism about the safety, effectiveness, or appropriateness of vaccines and vaccine regimens...
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175851/us-healthcare-company-fires-69-employees-for-refusing-flu-vaccination
#16
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175699/-do-it-yourself-vaccine-rejection-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam
#17
Katie Attwell, Paul R Ward, Samantha B Meyer, Philippa J Rokkas, Julie Leask
In this article, we elucidate a symbiotic relationship between complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and rejection of, or hesitancy towards, vaccination. In Fremantle, Western Australia, and Adelaide, South Australia, we conducted in-depth interviews from September 2013-December 2015 with 29 parents who had refused or delayed some or all of their children's vaccines. Our qualitative analysis found that for many, their do-it-yourself ethic and personal agency was enhanced by self-directed CAM use, alongside (sometimes informal) CAM practitioner instruction...
November 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174323/pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-13-delivered-as-one-primary-and-one-booster-dose-1%C3%A2-%C3%A2-1-compared-with-two-primary-doses-and-a-booster-2%C3%A2-%C3%A2-1-in-uk-infants-a-multicentre-parallel-group-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
David Goldblatt, Jo Southern, Nick J Andrews, Polly Burbidge, Jo Partington, Lucy Roalfe, Marta Valente Pinto, Vasilli Thalasselis, Emma Plested, Hayley Richardson, Matthew D Snape, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Infants in the UK were first offered a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in 2006, given at 2 and 4 months of age and a booster dose at 13 months (2 + 1 schedule). A 13-valent vaccine (PCV13) replaced PCV7 in 2010. We aimed to compare the post-booster antibody response in UK infants given a reduced priming schedule of PCV13 (ie, a 1 + 1 schedule) versus the current 2 + 1 schedule and to assess the potential effect on population protection. METHODS: In this multicentre, parallel group, randomised controlled trial, we recuited infants due to receive their primary immunisations aged up to 13 weeks on first vaccinations by information booklets mailed out via the NHS Child Health Information Service and the UK National Health Application and Infrastructure Services...
November 22, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168910/parental-immunisation-needs-and-attitudes-survey-in-paediatric-hospital-clinics-and-community-maternal-and-child-health-centres-in-melbourne-australia
#19
Jessica C Costa-Pinto, Harold W Willaby, Julie Leask, Monsurul Hoq, Tibor Schuster, Alice Ghazarian, Jacinta O'Keefe, Margie H Danchin
AIM: Despite Australia's high vaccination rates, an estimated 3.3% of children are under-vaccinated due to vaccine refusal and the proportion of parents with concerns is unclear. Amongst Australian parents, we aimed to determine the prevalence of vaccine concerns, resources and health-care providers (HCPs) accessed and satisfaction with these resources in two different settings. We also aimed to identify relationships between the level of vaccine concern, socio-economic status and vaccine uptake...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167145/impact-of-pharmacist-intervention-on-influenza-vaccine-assessment-and-documentation-in-hospitalized-psychiatric-patients
#20
Stephanie Cotugno, Gina Morrow, Chandra Cooper, Maribeth Cabie, Sara Cohn
PURPOSE: Results of an initiative to improve assessment and documentation of the influenza vaccination status of adult psychiatric inpatients are reported. METHODS: A prospective quality-improvement study was conducted at a large, tertiary care academic medical center with the aim of improving compliance with the Influenza Immunization (IMM-2) quality measure, which was added to the Inpatient Psychiatric Facility Quality Reporting (IPFQR) program in 2015 and requires assessment and documentation of influenza vaccination status in specified groups of psychiatric inpatients...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
keyword
keyword
15635
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"