keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vaccine refusal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778514/conditional-admission-religious-exemption-type-and-nonmedical-vaccine-exemptions-in-california-before-and-after-a-state-policy-change
#1
Alison M Buttenheim, Malia Jones, Caitlin Mckown, Daniel Salmon, Saad B Omer
Recent measles and pertussis outbreaks in the US have focused national attention on state laws governing exemptions from mandatory vaccines for school entry. After several years of increases in nonmedical exemptions in California, the state assembly passed Assembly Bill 2109 in 2012, making nonmedical exemptions more difficult to obtain by requiring parents to obtain a signature from a health care provider. We used data from the California Department of Public Health to describe changes in the overall prevalence of personal belief exemptions and compositional changes in immunization status for the school years 2012-2013 through 2015-2016...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774559/modeling-effects-of-risk-and-social-distance-on-vaccination-choice
#2
David P Jarmolowicz, Derek D Reed, Alex J Francisco, Jared M Bruce, Shea M Lemley, Amanda S Bruce
Despite vaccines' consistently demonstrated effectiveness, vaccination rates remain suboptimal due to vaccine refusal. Low vaccination rates are particularly problematic for individuals who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons and thus must rely on herd immunity (i.e., protection of vulnerable individuals due to the high rate of vaccination of other-often socially distant-individuals). The current study uses a novel decision-making task to examine how three variables impacted participants' highest acceptable probability of side effects to their children: 1) the severity of the side effects their children experience, 2) the social distance to the beneficiary of the vaccination, and 3) the probability that the vaccine will prevent disease for that designated beneficiary...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755930/parents-attitudes-towards-topical-fluoride-and-vaccines-for-children-are-these-distinct-or-overlapping-phenomena
#3
Richard M Carpiano, Donald L Chi
Despite attention paid to parental refusal of child vaccines, the phenomenon of topical fluoride refusal is poorly understood. We examine the extent to which parent attitudes and Internet use regarding topical fluoride treatment and vaccines may overlap and, in turn, uniquely or distinctly correlate with fluoride and vaccine refusal for the child. In 2017, we analyzed data collected from 2011 to 12 for 361 children from three Washington state dental clinics. The instrument included analogous measures of topical fluoride and vaccine safety concerns, perceived severity of preventable cavities/disease, and Internet use for fluoride/vaccine information; and measures of non-fluoridated toothpaste use, attitudes towards dental x-rays and amalgam and composite fillings...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730833/assessing-and-improving-zoster-vaccine-uptake-in-a-homeless-population
#4
Laura Kaplan-Weisman, Eve Waltermaurer, Casey Crump
The herpes zoster (shingles) vaccine is recommended for all adults aged ≥ 60 years without contraindications to prevent shingles and post-herpetic neuralgia. There are no published studies on zoster vaccination rates, barriers, or workflows in adults who have experienced homelessness. Due to barriers specific to this vaccine, including difficulty determining insurance coverage, high upfront costs, need for storage in a freezer, and under-prescription by physicians, uptake is lower compared to other recommended vaccines for older adults...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716565/flu-vaccination-among-patients-with-diabetes-motives-perceptions-trust-and-risk-culture-a-qualitative-survey
#5
Pierre Verger, Aurélie Bocquier, Chantal Vergélys, Jeremy Ward, Patrick Peretti-Watel
BACKGROUND: Vaccination against seasonal influenza (SIV) is recommended for patients with diabetes, but their vaccination coverage is unsatisfactory in France and elsewhere. This qualitative survey of people with diabetes sought to explore 1) the extent to which SIV-related behaviour is more or less automatic; 2) reasons they choose/reject SIV; 3) their trust/distrust in authorities, science, and medicine. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured in-depth interviews of 19 adults with diabetes in 2014...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710105/considering-whether-the-dismissal-of-vaccine-refusing-families-is-fair-to-other-clinicians
#6
Michael J Deem, Mark C Navin, John D Lantos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705756/cohort-profile-china-respiratory-illness-surveillance-among-pregnant-women-crisp-2015-2018
#7
Liling Chen, Suizan Zhou, Zhongwei Zhang, Yan Wang, Lin Bao, Yayun Tan, Falin Sheng, Ying Song, Ran Zhang, A Danielle Iuliano, Mark G Thompson, Carolyn M Greene, Jun Zhang
PURPOSE: We established the China Respiratory Illness Surveillance among Pregnant women (CRISP) to conduct active surveillance for influenza-associated respiratory illness during pregnancy in China from 2015 to 2018. Among annual cohorts of pregnant women, we assess the incidence of acute respiratory illness (ARI), influenza-like illness (ILI), laboratory-confirmed influenza virus infection and the seroconversion proportion during the winter influenza season. We also plan to examine the effect of influenza virus infection on adverse pregnancy, delivery and infant health outcomes with cumulative data from the three annual cohorts...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691101/influenza-vaccination-in-the-elderly-is-a-trial-on-mortality-ethically-acceptable
#8
Ruud Andreas Fritz Verhees, Wybo Dondorp, Carel Thijs, Geert Jan Dinant, Johannes Andreas Knottnerus
The effectiveness of influenza vaccination in the elderly has long been a topic of debate, fueled by the absence of direct evidence from randomized trials on its effect on mortality and the methodological limitations of observational studies pointing this direction. It is argued that new placebo-controlled trials should be undertaken to resolve this uncertainty. However, such trials may be ethically questionable. To bring this discussion forward, we provide a comprehensive overview of the ethical challenges of an influenza vaccine efficacy trial designed to evaluate mortality in the elderly...
April 21, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688861/examining-the-spatiotemporal-evolution-of-vaccine-refusal-nonmedical-exemptions-from-vaccination-in-california-2000-2013
#9
Paul L Delamater, Timothy F Leslie, Y Tony Yang
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy continues to be an issue throughout the United States, as numerous vaccine hesitant parents are choosing to exempt their children from school-entry vaccination requirements for nonmedical reasons, despite the safety and effectiveness of vaccines. We conduct an analysis of how vaccine refusal, measured by the use of nonmedical exemptions (based on personal or religious beliefs) from vaccination (NMEs), evolved across space and over time in California. METHODS: Using school-entry data from the California Department of Public Health, we examined NMEs for students entering kindergarten in California from 2000 to 2013...
April 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685114/altruism-scepticism-and-collective-decision-making-in-foreign-born-u-s-residents-in-a-tuberculosis-vaccine-trial
#10
Sienna R Craig, Timothy Lahey, Apoorva Dixit, C Fordham von Reyn
BACKGROUND: The current vaccine against tuberculosis, BCG, is effective when given in most TB-endemic countries at birth but has diminished efficacy against pulmonary TB after 15-20 years. As a result, new booster vaccines for adolescents and adults are being developed to realize the World Health Organization target of global elimination of TB by 2035. Multiple TB candidates thus are in active clinical development. METHODS: One of these, DAR-901, is advancing in human clinical trials...
April 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673135/factors-associated-with-hpv-vaccine-refusal-among-young-adult-women-after-ten-years-of-vaccine-implementation
#11
Vincenzo Restivo, Claudio Costantino, Tiziana Francesca Fazio, Nicolò Casuccio, Claudio D'Angelo, Francesco Vitale, Alessandra Casuccio
In Italy, the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination was implemented for twelve years old girls in 2007, but its coverage was lower than the recommended level. Sicily is one of the Italian administrative regions with lower vaccination coverage, with a value of 59% for those born in 1996 increasing to 62% coverage for those born in 1999. The aim of the study was to investigate factors associated with the refusal of HPV vaccination among young adult women of Palermo, Italy. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Policlinico “Paolo Giaccone” Hospital (Palermo 1) and the questionnaire was validated in a convenience sample representing 10% of the young women...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627236/associations-between-parents-satisfaction-with-provider-communication-and-hpv-vaccination-behaviors
#12
Melanie L Kornides, Holly B Fontenot, Annie-Laurie McRee, Catherine A Panozzo, Melissa B Gilkey
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing awareness of the importance of a provider recommendation for HPV vaccine, the U.S. has yet to achieve the Healthy people 2020 goal of 80% series completion among adolescents. This failure indicates a need for further examination of the modifiable influences on parents' decision-making. Healthcare providers can influence parents' HPV vaccination decision-making, but little is known about parents' perspectives on the counseling they receive. We sought to assess U...
April 4, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617173/vaccine-hesitancy-a-potential-threat-to-the-achievements-of-vaccination-programmes-in-africa
#13
Sara Cooper, Cornelia Betsch, Evanson Z Sambala, Nosicelo Mchiza, Charles S Wiysonge
Vaccination programmes in Africa have made extraordinary progress over the last four decades. Yet, vaccine hesitancy threatens to erode these gains. Vaccine hesitancy is a continuum between vaccine acceptance and refusal. A growing number of people in Africa are delaying or refusing recommended vaccines for themselves or their children, even when safe and effective vaccines are available. This predisposes communities to infectious diseases, resulting in multiple disease outbreaks, ultimately consuming resources and costing lives...
April 4, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614264/spatial-correlation-as-an-early-warning-signal-of-regime-shifts-in-a-multiplex-disease-behaviour-network
#14
Peter C Jentsch, Madhur Anand, Chris T Bauch
Early warning signals of sudden regime shifts are a widely studied phenomenon for their ability to quantify a system's proximity to a tipping point to a new and contrasting dynamical regime. However, this effect has been little studied in the context of the complex interactions between disease dynamics and vaccinating behaviour. Our objective was to determine whether critical slowing down (CSD) occurs in a multiplex network that captures opinion propagation on one network layer and disease spread on a second network layer...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604461/assessing-potential-confounding-and-misclassification-bias-when-studying-the-safety-of-the-childhood-immunization-schedule
#15
Matthew F Daley, Jo Ann Shoup, Sophia R Newcomer, Michael L Jackson, Holly C Groom, Steven J Jacobsen, Huong Q McLean, Nicola P Klein, Eric S Weintraub, Michael M McNeil, Jason M Glanz
OBJECTIVES: Some parents are concerned the childhood immunization schedule could increase risk for allergic disorders, including asthma. To inform future safety studies of this speculated association, a parent survey was conducted to: 1) examine risk of misclassification of vaccination status in electronic health record (EHR) data; and 2) assess potential for confounding if asthma risk factors varied by vaccination status. METHODS: A survey was conducted among parents of children 19-35 months old at 6 medical organizations within the Vaccine Safety Datalink...
March 28, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599089/cancer-salient-messaging-for-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-uptake-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Rachael M Porter, Avnika B Amin, Robert A Bednarczyk, Saad B Omer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vaccination with Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is recommended for 11-12 years-old, but uptake is suboptimal. Current messaging focuses on HPV infection transmission and prevention. Parents and providers are often uncomfortable discussing sexual practices of adolescents, contributing to the delay/refusal of vaccine. We created a cervical cancer-salient message encouraging HPV vaccination, emphasizing disease salience and disease threat, while promoting self-efficacy...
March 26, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582071/vaccination-patterns-in-children-after-autism-spectrum-disorder-diagnosis-and-in-their-younger-siblings
#17
Ousseny Zerbo, Sharareh Modaressi, Kristin Goddard, Edwin Lewis, Bruce H Fireman, Matthew F Daley, Stephanie A Irving, Lisa A Jackson, James G Donahue, Lei Qian, Darios Getahun, Frank DeStefano, Michael M McNeil, Nicola P Klein
Importance: In recent years, rates of vaccination have been declining. Whether this phenomenon disproportionately affects children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or their younger siblings is unknown. Objectives: To investigate if children after receiving an ASD diagnosis obtain their remaining scheduled vaccines according to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendations and to compare the vaccination patterns of younger siblings of children with ASD with the vaccination patterns of younger siblings of children without ASD...
March 26, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568036/vaccine-mandates-public-trust-and-vaccine-confidence-understanding-perceptions-is-important
#18
REVIEW
Roy Widdus, Heidi Larson
The experience in Australia with penalizing parents who refuse to have their children vaccinated demonstrates the need to study and understand resistance to vaccination as a global phenomenon with particular local manifestations.
March 22, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558923/assessing-the-acceptability-of-incentivising-hpv-vaccination-consent-form-return-as-a-means-of-increasing-uptake
#19
Lauren Rockliffe, Amanda J Chorley, Emily McBride, Jo Waller, Alice S Forster
BACKGROUND: Uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is high overall but there are disparities in uptake, particularly by ethnicity. Incentivising vaccination consent form return is a promising approach to increase vaccination uptake. As part of a randomised feasibility trial we qualitatively assessed the acceptability of increasing uptake of HPV vaccination by incentivising consent form return. METHODS: In the context of a two-arm, cluster randomised feasibility trial, qualitative free-text questionnaire responses were collected from adolescent girls (n = 181) and their parents (n = 61), assessing the acceptability of an incentive intervention to increase HPV vaccination consent form return...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544144/-we-are-the-heroes-because-we-are-ready-to-die-for-this-country-participants-decision-making-and-grounded-ethics-in-an-ebola-vaccine-clinical-trial
#20
Angus Fayia Tengbeh, Luisa Enria, Elizabeth Smout, Thomas Mooney, Mike Callaghan, David Ishola, Bailah Leigh, Deborah Watson-Jones, Brian Greenwood, Heidi Larson, Shelley Lees
The 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic presented a challenging setting in which to carry out clinical trials. This paper reports findings from social science research carried out in Kambia, Northern Sierra Leone during first year of an Ebola vaccine trial (August 2015-July 2016). The social science team collected data through ethnographic observation, 42 in depth interviews; 4 life narratives; 200 exit interviews; 31 key informant interviews; and 8 focus group discussions with trial participants and community members not enrolled in the trial...
March 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
keyword
keyword
15635
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"