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Vaccine refusal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917484/to-consent-or-decline-hpv-vaccination-a-pilot-study-at-the-start-of-the-national-school-based-vaccination-program-in-sweden
#1
Maria Grandahl, Tanja Tydén, Ragnar Westerling, Tryggve Nevéus, Andreas Rosenblad, Erik Hedin, Marie Oscarsson
BACKGROUND: Parents' beliefs about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination influence whether they allow their daughters to be vaccinated. We examined the association between parents' refusal and sociodemographic background, knowledge and beliefs about HPV, and the HPV vaccination in relation to the Health Belief Model. METHODS: The sample consisted of 200 (55%) parents of children aged 11-12 years in the Swedish national vaccination program. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899030/childhood-vaccine-refusal-and-hesitancy-intentions-in-croatia-insights-from-a-population-based-study
#2
Anja Repalust, Sandra Šević, Stanko Rihtar, Aleksandar Štulhofer
Considering that programmatic data suggest a recent rise in vaccine refusal in Croatia, this study, first of its kind in Southeast Europe, aimed to estimate the prevalence, and sociodemographic, and sociocultural determinants of childhood vaccine refusal and hesitancy (CVRH) intentions among Croatian adults. Multi-stage stratified population-based survey included 1000 individuals aged 18-88 years (Mage = 47.7, SD = 17.8), of whom 51.7% were women. The outcome, a categorical indicator, distinguished among individuals who would approve vaccinating their children (vaccine accepting), those who would approve some but not all vaccines (vaccine hesitant), and those who would refuse vaccination (vaccine refusing)...
November 29, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890398/influenza-vaccination-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-coverage-predictors-of-uptake-and-perceptions-result-of-the-madiabetes-cohort-a-7years-follow-up-study
#3
Rodrigo Jiménez-Garcia, Ana Lopez-de-Andres, Valentin Hernandez-Barrera, Paloma Gómez-Campelo, Francisco J San Andrés-Rebollo, Carmen de Burgos-Lunar, Juan Cárdenas-Valladolid, Juan Carlos Abánades-Herranz, Miguel Angel Salinero-Fort
OBJECTIVES: We aim to determine influenza vaccination uptake among people with diabetes included in the MADIABETES cohort study in order to identify predictors of uptake and to analyze reasons for adherence and non-adherence with vaccination. METHODS: Using data from the MADIABETES Study we conducted a retrospective case record form based study without controls. We included outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Information was obtained from computerized clinical records and by telephone survey...
November 24, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888816/opinions-about-vaccination-among-mothers-who-delivered-newborns-in-two-hospitals-in-krakow-and-my%C3%A5-lenice
#4
Dorota Mrożek-Budzyn, Agnieszka Kiełtyka, Elżbieta Mróz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Campaigns against vaccinations in Poland have been increasingly more frequently observed in recent years, that was the reason of bigger number of parents refusing a consent for their children immunization. The aim of study was to determine the sources of information which significantly influence mothers’ opinions about vaccinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was conducted among 154 randomly selected mothers hospitalized after childbearing in two hospitals in Krakow and Myslenice at the end of 2014 and in 2015...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854538/parental-refusal-of-childhood-vaccines-and-medical-neglect-laws
#5
Efthimios Parasidis, Douglas J Opel
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relation of vaccine refusal and medical neglect under child welfare laws. METHODS: We used the Westlaw legal database to search court opinions from 1905 to 2016 and identified cases in which vaccine refusal was the sole or a primary reason in a neglect proceeding. We also delineated if religious or philosophical exemptions from required school immunizations were available at the time of adjudication. RESULTS: Our search yielded 9 cases from 5 states...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846857/uptake-of-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-in-kenya-testing-the-health-belief-model-through-pathway-modeling-on-cohort-data
#6
Heleen Vermandere, Marie-Anne van Stam, Violet Naanyu, Kristien Michielsen, Olivier Degomme, Frans Oort
BACKGROUND: Many studies investigate HPV vaccine acceptability, applying health behavior theories to identify determinants; few include real uptake, the final variable of interest. This study investigated the utility of the Health Belief Model (HBM) in predicting HPV vaccine uptake in Kenya, focusing on the importance of promotion, probing willingness to vaccinate as precursor of uptake and exploring the added value of personal characteristics. METHODS: Longitudinal data were collected before and after a pilot HPV vaccination program in Eldoret among mothers of eligible girls (N = 255)...
November 15, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810314/vaccine-hesitancy-and-healthcare-providers
#7
Pauline Paterson, François Meurice, Lawrence R Stanberry, Steffen Glismann, Susan L Rosenthal, Heidi J Larson
While most people vaccinate according to the recommended schedule, this success is challenged by individuals and groups who delay or refuse vaccines. The aim of this article is to review studies on vaccine hesitancy among healthcare providers (HCPs), and the influences of their own vaccine confidence and vaccination behaviour on their vaccination recommendations to others. The search strategy was developed in Medline and then adapted across several multidisciplinary mainstream databases including Embase Classic & Embase, and PschInfo...
October 31, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806810/childhood-acute-bacterial-meningitis-clinical-spectrum-bacteriological-profile-and-outcome
#8
Attia Bari, Fatima Zeeshan, Aiza Zafar, Hassan Ejaz, Aisha Iftikhar, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
OBJECTIVE: To determine the disease pattern, etiological agents and outcome of childhood acute bacterial meningitis. STUDY DESIGN: Adescriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Paediatric Medicine, The Children's Hospital, Lahore, from January to December 2012. METHODOLOGY: Atotal of 199 children between the ages of 1 month and 5 years, admitted with the diagnosis of meningitis on the basis of clinical findings and positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), were included...
October 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800154/influenza-vaccination-motivators-among-healthcare-personnel-in-a-large-acute-care-hospital-in-israel
#9
Amir Nutman, Naomi Yoeli
BACKGROUND: Vaccinating healthcare personnel (HCP) against influenza is important to prevent transmission and morbidity among patients and staff. METHODS: We conducted an online survey assessing knowledge, perceptions and attitudes concerning influenza vaccination among HCP. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify independent predictors of vaccination. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 468 HCP representing all categories of staff...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799502/refusal-of-recommended-travel-related-vaccines-among-u-s-international-travellers-in-global-travepinet
#10
Sara M Lammert, Sowmya R Rao, Emily S Jentes, Jessica K Fairley, Stefanie Erskine, Allison T Walker, Stefan H Hagmann, Mark J Sotir, Edward T Ryan, Regina C LaRocque
BACKGROUND: International travellers are at risk of travel-related, vaccine-preventable diseases. More data are needed on the proportion of travellers who refuse vaccines during a pre-travel health consultation and their reasons for refusing vaccines. METHODS: We analyzed data on travellers seen for a pre-travel health consultation from July 2012 through June 2014 in the Global TravEpiNet (GTEN) consortium. Providers were required to indicate one of three reasons for a traveller refusing a recommended vaccine: (1) cost concerns, (2) safety concerns or (3) not concerned with the illness...
July 2016: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798386/parental-vaccine-acceptance-a-logistic-regression-model-using-previsit-decisions
#11
Sara Lee, Maureen Riley-Behringer, Jeanmarie C Rose, Sharon B Meropol, Rina Lazebnik
This study explores how parents' intentions regarding vaccination prior to their children's visit were associated with actual vaccine acceptance. A convenience sample of parents accompanying 6-week-old to 17-year-old children completed a written survey at 2 pediatric practices. Using hierarchical logistic regression, for hospital-based participants (n = 216), vaccine refusal history (P < .01) and vaccine decision made before the visit (P < .05) explained 87% of vaccine refusals. In community-based participants (n = 100), vaccine refusal history (P < ...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789148/parental-experiences-with-vaccine-information-statements-implications-for-timing-delivery-and-parent-provider-immunization-communication
#12
Paula M Frew, Yunmi Chung, Allison Kennedy Fisher, Jay Schamel, Michelle M Basket
OBJECTIVE: We examined Vaccine Information Statements (VIS) dissemination practices and parental use and perceptions. METHODS: We conducted a national online panel survey of 2603 US parents of children aged <7. Primary outcomes included reported VIS receipt, delivery timing, reading experiences, and perceived utility. RESULTS: Most parents received a VIS (77.2%; [95% CI: 74.5-79.7%]), 59.7% [56.6-62.7%] before vaccination but 14.5% [12...
October 24, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776172/fatal-cases-of-seasonal-influenza-in-russia-in-2015-2016
#13
T Ilyicheva, A Durymanov, I Susloparov, N Kolosova, N Goncharova, S Svyatchenko, O Petrova, A Bondar, V Mikheev, A Ryzhikov
The influenza epidemic in 2015-2016 in Russia is characterized by a sharp increase of influenza cases (beginning from the second week of 2016) with increased fatalities. Influenza was confirmed in 20 fatal cases registered among children (0-10 years), in 5 cases among pregnant women, and in 173 cases among elderly people (60 years and older). Two hundred and ninety nine people died from influenza were patients with some chronic problems. The overwhelming majority among the deceased (more than 98%) were not vaccinated against influenza...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763818/parents-who-refuse-or-delay-hpv-vaccine-differences-in-vaccination-behavior-beliefs-and-clinical-communication-preferences
#14
Melissa B Gilkey, William A Calo, Macary W Marciniak, Noel T Brewer
BACKGROUND: We sought to estimate the national prevalence of HPV vaccine refusal and delay in a population-based sample of parents of adolescents. We also compared parents who refused versus delayed HPV vaccine in terms of their vaccination beliefs and clinical communication preferences. METHODS: In 2014 to 2015, we conducted an online survey of 1,484 U.S. parents who reported on an 11- to 17-year-old child in their household. We used weighted multinomial logistic regression to assess correlates of HPV vaccine refusal and delay...
October 20, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761028/hpv-vaccination-attitude-and-knowledge-among-german-gynecologists
#15
T M Kolben, C Dannecker, K Baltateanu, C Goess, T Starrach, A Semmlinger, N Ditsch, J Gallwas, S Mahner, K Friese, T Kolben
Purpose: In order to achieve a higher vaccination rate, education on HPV as well as options for prophylaxis performed by doctors is of great importance. One opportunity to increase the protection against HPV would be vaccinating boys. This study evaluated attitude and knowledge among German gynecologists regarding HPV vaccination, especially in boys. Material and Methods: A questionnaire with 42 questions about demographics, attitude and knowledge about HPV and HPV vaccination was sent to members of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG)...
October 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746753/going-with-the-grain-of-cognition-applying-insights-from-psychology-to-build-support-for-childhood-vaccination
#16
Isabel Rossen, Mark J Hurlstone, Carmen Lawrence
Childhood vaccination is widely considered to be one of the most successful public health interventions. Yet, the effective delivery of vaccination depends upon public willingness to vaccinate. Recently, many countries have faced problems with vaccine hesitancy, where a growing number of parents perceive vaccination to be unsafe or unnecessary, leading some to delay or refuse vaccines for their children. Effective intervention strategies for countering this problem are currently sorely lacking, however. Here, we propose that this may be because existing strategies are grounded more in intuition than insights from psychology...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720447/changes-in-childhood-immunization-decisions-in-the-united-states-results-from-2012-2014-national-parental-surveys
#17
Paula M Frew, Allison Kennedy Fisher, Michelle M Basket, Yunmi Chung, Jay Schamel, Judith L Weiner, Jennifer Mullen, Saad B Omer, Walter A Orenstein
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the current status of parents' vaccine decision making is crucial to inform public policy. We sought to assess changes in vaccine decisions among parents of young children. METHODS: We conducted a web-based national poll of parents of children <7years in 2012 and 2014. Participants reported vaccine decisions for their youngest child. We calculated survey-weighted population estimates of overall immunizations decisions, and delay/refusal rates for specific vaccines...
October 6, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705252/vaccine-refusal-revisited-the-limits-of-public-health-persuasion-and-coercion
#18
James Colgrove
In recent years, vaccine refusal and associated declines in herd immunity have contributed to numerous outbreaks of infectious diseases, consumed public health resources, and provoked increasingly polarized debates between supporters and opponents of vaccines. Although the prominence of the..
October 6, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697791/victims-vectors-and-villains-are-those-who-opt-out-of-vaccination-morally-responsible-for-the-deaths-of-others
#19
Euzebiusz Jamrozik, Toby Handfield, Michael J Selgelid
Mass vaccination has been a successful public health strategy for many contagious diseases. The immunity of the vaccinated also protects others who cannot be safely or effectively vaccinated-including infants and the immunosuppressed. When vaccination rates fall, diseases like measles can rapidly resurge in a population. Those who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons are at the highest risk of severe disease and death. They thus may bear the burden of others' freedom to opt out of vaccination. It is often asked whether it is legitimate for states to adopt and enforce mandatory universal vaccination...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668369/evaluation-of-employee-vaccination-policies-in-outpatient-oncology-clinics-a-pilot-study
#20
Karlen E Luthy, Sarah L Stocksdale, Janelle L B Macintosh, Lacey M Eden, Renea L Beckstrand, Katie Edmonds
BACKGROUND: All major hospital facilities in the state of Utah have employee vaccination policies. However, the presence of healthcare worker vaccination policies in outpatient oncology clinics was unknown. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this article are to identify oncology outpatient employee vaccination policies in Utah and to identify what consequences, if any, are present for unvaccinated employees. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study design in which clinic managers from outpatient oncology clinics were asked, via questionnaire, to describe the clinic's employee vaccination policy and the consequences for refusing the policy...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
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