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Vaccine refusal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529304/sebastian-kneipp-and-the-natural-cure-movement-of-germany-between-naturalism-and-modern-medicine
#1
Youkyung Ko
This study discusses the historical significance of the Natural Cure Movement of Germany, centering on the Kneipp Cure, a form of hydrotherapy practiced by Father Sebastian Kneipp (1821-1897). The Kneipp Cure rested on five main tenets: hydrotherapy, exercise, nutrition, herbalism, and the balance of mind and body. This study illuminates the reception of the Kneipp Cure in the context of the trilateral relationship among the Kneipp Cure, the Natural Cure Movement in general, and modern medicine. The Natural Cure Movement was ideologically based on naturalism, criticizing industrialization and urbanization...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523054/acute-bacterial-meningitis-in-children-presenting-to-the-children-s-hospital-lahore-before-and-after-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-pakistan-national-immunization-program-a-comparison
#2
Attia Bari, Fatima Zeeshan, Aizza Zafar, Hasan Ejaz, Uzma Jabeen, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
OBJECTIVE: To describe bacteriological profile, morbidity and mortality of acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in children and to compare these parameters before and after the introduction of Pneumococcal vaccine in Pakistan National Immunization Program. METHODS: The present descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Paediatric Medicine of The Children's Hospital Lahore from January 2012 to December 2015. A total of 503 children one month to five years of age admitted with diagnosis of meningitis were included...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512071/ethical-and-legal-challenges-of-vaccines-and-vaccination-reflections
#3
Amar Jesani, Veena Johari
Vaccines and vaccination have emerged as key medical scientific tools for prevention of certain diseases. Documentation of the history of vaccination shows that the initial popular resistance to universal vaccination was based on false assumptions and eventually gave way to acceptance of vaccines and trust in their ability to save lives. The successes of the global eradication of smallpox, and now of polio, have only strengthened the premier position occupied by vaccines in disease prevention. However, the success of vaccines and public trust in their ability to eradicate disease are now under challenge, as increasing numbers of people refuse vaccination, questioning the effectiveness of vaccines and the need to vaccinate...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505632/missed-opportunities-for-measles-mumps-rubella-vaccination-among-departing-u-s-adult-travelers-receiving-pretravel-health-consultations
#4
Emily P Hyle, Sowmya R Rao, Emily S Jentes, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn, Stefan H F Hagmann, Allison Taylor Walker, Rochelle P Walensky, Edward T Ryan, Regina C LaRocque
Background: Measles outbreaks continue to occur in the United States and are mostly due to infections in returning travelers. Objective: To describe how providers assessed the measles immunity status of departing U.S. adult travelers seeking pretravel consultation and to assess reasons given for nonvaccination among those considered eligible to receive the measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine. Design: Observational study in U.S. pretravel clinics...
May 16, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490296/no-jab-no-pay-and-vaccine-refusal-in-australia-the-jury-is-out
#5
Frank H Beard, Julie Leask, Peter B McIntyre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486849/vaccination-refusal-autonomy-and-permitted-coercion
#6
Andrzej Grzybowski, Rafał K Patryn, Jarosław Sak, Anna Zagaja
The article presents vaccination obligation in relation to the existing or newly enacted legislation. Mass vaccinations and a wave of criticism they cause, forces us to reflect on the limits of medical intervention in the human body and the boundaries granted to individual's freedom and autonomy. This problem is universal and exists mainly in countries without mandatory vaccinations. Analyzing recent years, it must be underlined that a process in some legislatures has been introduced to enforce various forms of vaccination coercion...
May 9, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456527/patient-reaction-to-tdap-vaccination-in-pregnancy
#7
Jamie Perry, Craig V Towers, Beth Weitz, Lynlee Wolfe
BACKGROUND: The current obstetrical recommendation is to routinely administer the tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination during every pregnancy regardless of a patient's prior history. There are minimal data that have prospectively evaluated solicited patient response to this treatment plan. The study objective was to evaluate patient reaction following receipt of Tdap vaccination during pregnancy. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted from May 2014 through March 2016...
April 26, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449918/better-knowledge-and-regular-vaccination-practices-correlate-well-with-higher-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-uptake-in-people-at-risk-promising-survey-results-from-a-university-outpatient-clinic
#8
Işıl Adadan Güvenç, Hülya Parıldar, Mustafa Kürşat Şahin, Selim Sermed Erbek
BACKGROUND: The knowledge, beliefs, opinions, and attitudes of patients and their relatives regarding seasonal influenza vaccination were evaluated. METHODS: This descriptive study was undertaken in the outpatient clinics of Baskent University Hospital. There were 566 responders who completed a self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 48.35 years, and 16.8% were ≥65 years. Of the responders, 21.7% were vaccinated this year, whereas 57...
April 24, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449736/predictors-of-hepatitis-b-vaccination-status-in-healthcare-workers-in-belgrade-serbia-december-2015
#9
Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Milena Kanazir, Tatjana Gazibara, Gorica Maric, Natasa Makismovic, Goranka Loncarevic, Tatjana Pekmezovic
Despite the availability of a safe and effective vaccine since 1982, overall coverage of hepatitis B vaccination among healthcare workers (HCWs) has not reached a satisfactory level in many countries worldwide. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B vaccination, and to assess the predictors of hepatitis B vaccination status among HCWs in Serbia. Of 380 randomly selected HCWs, 352 (92.6%) were included in the study. The prevalence of hepatitis B vaccination acceptance was 66.2%. The exploratory factor analyses using the vaccination-refusal scale showed that items clustered under 'threat of disease' explained the highest proportion (30...
April 20, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448208/explanations-for-not-receiving-the-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-an-ontario-canada-based-survey
#10
Samantha B Meyer, Rebecca Lum
Despite evidence of the importance of the seasonal influenza vaccine for both individual and population health, only a third of the Ontario population received the vaccine in 2013/2014. The objective of this study was to identify why Ontarians are not getting the seasonal influenza vaccine. Written responses to the question "Why didn't you get the seasonal flu vaccine in the last flu season?" were deductively analyzed using the Conceptual Model of Vaccine Hesitancy. Inductive coding was also conducted to identify explanations that fall outside of the present model and may be unique to the seasonal influenza vaccine...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442229/changing-attitudes-to-childhood-immunisation-in-english-parents
#11
Helen Campbell, Angela Edwards, Louise Letley, Helen Bedford, Mary Ramsay, Joanne Yarwood
OBJECTIVES: We undertook a national survey of parental attitudes to childhood vaccinations and compared results with those in earlier comparable surveys covering a 10year period. METHODS: We randomly selected 275 nationally representative sampling locations in England. Interviewers identified eligible primary care givers (referred to as parents) of children aged from 2months to <5years and conducted home-based interviews between January and April 2015. We aimed to recruit 1000 parents of children aged 0-2years and 1000 of children aged 3-4years...
May 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427898/pharmacist-impact-on-pediatric-vaccination-errors-and-missed-opportunities-in-the-setting-of-clinical-decision-support
#12
Kelly A Wise, Sonya J Sebastian, Anna C Haas-Gehres, Melissa D Moore-Clingenpeel, Kristen E Lamberjack
OBJECTIVE: To determine pharmacist impact on vaccination errors and missed opportunities in the pediatric primary care setting with the presence of clinical decision support (CDS) by comparing a clinic with a pharmacist and CDS to a clinic with CDS alone. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of patients' electronic medical records compared vaccination errors and missed opportunities between 2 pediatric primary care clinics. SETTING: Two urban, pediatric primary care clinics were selected for the study...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419538/receiving-early-information-and-trusting-swedish-child-health-centre-nurses-increased-parents-willingness-to-vaccinate-against-rotavirus-infections
#13
Lina Schollin Ask, Anders Hjern, Ann Lindstrand, Ola Olen, Eva Sjögren, Margareta Blennow, Åke Örtqvist
AIM: Rotavirus vaccines are effective against severe infections, but have a modest impact on mortality in high-income countries. Parental knowledge and attitudes towards vaccines are crucial for high vaccination coverage. This study aimed to identify why parents refused to let their infant have the vaccination or were unsure. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on 1,063 questionnaires completed by the parents of newborn children in 2014. Stepwise logistic regression was used to identify the main predictors...
April 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404461/experiences-and-perspectives-of-mothers-of-the-pertussis-vaccination-programme-in-london
#14
C G Winslade, C M Heffernan, C J Atchison
BACKGROUND: In 2012, a pertussis outbreak prompted a national vaccination programme for pregnant women, which provides passive protection for infants. Vaccine uptake in London is consistently lower than elsewhere in the UK. There are few studies looking at the reasons why pregnant women accept or refuse pertussis vaccination. Therefore, this study aimed to gain a better understanding of London women's views and experiences, to identify how services might be improved. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional qualitative semi-structured interviews study...
February 1, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385606/vaccination-and-blood-sampling-acceptability-during-ramadan-fasting-month-a-cross-sectional-study-in-conakry-guinea
#15
Nathan Peiffer-Smadja, Ramatou Ouedraogo, Eric D'Ortenzio, Papa Ndiaga Cissé, Zahra Zeggani, Abdoul Habib Beavogui, Sylvain Landry Faye, Frédéric Le Marcis, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Vinh-Kim Nguyen
INTRODUCTION: There are few data on the acceptability of vaccination or blood sampling during Ramadan fasting month in Muslim countries. This could impact vaccination campaigns, clinical trials or healthcare during Ramadan. METHODS: Using a semi-structured questionnaire, we conducted a cross-sectional study on 201 practising Muslims and 10 religious leaders in Conakry, Guinea in the wake of the recent epidemic Ebola epidemic. Acceptability of vaccination and blood sampling during Ramadan were investigated as well as reasons for refusal...
April 3, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329831/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-influenza-and-pneumococcal-vaccinations-among-nursing-home-residents-a-systematic-review
#16
Jasmine L Travers, Krista L Schroeder, Thomas E Blaylock, Patricia W Stone
This systematic review analyzes research examining racial/ethnic disparities in influenza and pneumococcal vaccination coverage between White and racial/ethnic minority (Black and Hispanic) nursing home residents. A review of the literature for years 1966-2014 using Medline, Web of Science, and PubMed was conducted. The Epidemiological Appraisal Instrument was used to appraise the quality of the 13 included studies. Overall, articles were strong in reporting and data analysis, but weak in sample selection and measurement quality...
January 21, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285983/assessing-misclassification-of-vaccination-status-implications-for-studies-of-the-safety-of-the-childhood-immunization-schedule
#17
Matthew F Daley, Jason M Glanz, Sophia R Newcomer, Michael L Jackson, Holly C Groom, Marlene M Lugg, Huong Q McLean, Nicola P Klein, Eric S Weintraub, Michael M McNeil
BACKGROUND: To address public concern about the safety of the childhood immunization schedule, the Institute of Medicine recommended observational studies comparing adverse health outcomes of fully vaccinated children to children under-vaccinated due to parental choice. Misclassification of vaccination status could bias such studies. OBJECTIVE: To assess risk of misclassification of vaccination status within the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD). DESIGN/METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in three phases...
April 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245803/policy-perspectives-on-post-pandemic-influenza-vaccination-in-ghana-and-malawi
#18
Evanson Z Sambala, Lenore Manderson
BACKGROUND: In the late 1990s, in the context of renewed concerns of an influenza pandemic, countries such as Ghana and Malawi established plans for the deployment of vaccines and vaccination strategies. A new pandemic was declared in mid-June 2009, and by April 2011, Ghana and Malawi vaccinated 10% of the population. We examine the public health policy perspectives on vaccination as a means to prevent the spread of infection under post pandemic conditions. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 46 policymakers (Ghana, n = 24; Malawi, n = 22), identified through snowballing sampling...
February 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239512/exploring-the-continuum-of-vaccine-hesitancy-between-african-american-and-white-adults-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#19
Sandra Quinn, Amelia Jamison, Donald Musa, Karen Hilyard, Vicki Freimuth
Vaccine delay and refusal present very real threats to public health. Since even a slight reduction in vaccination rates could produce major consequences as herd immunity is eroded, it is imperative to understand the factors that contribute to decision-making about vaccines. Recent scholarship on the concept of "vaccine hesitancy" emphasizes that vaccine behaviors and beliefs tend to fall along a continuum from refusal to acceptance. Most research on hesitancy has focused on parental decision-making about childhood vaccines, but could be extended to explore decision-making related to adult immunization against seasonal influenza...
December 29, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231418/exploring-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-refusal-among-ethnic-minorities-in-england-a-comparative-qualitative-study
#20
Alice S Forster, Lauren Rockliffe, Laura A V Marlow, Helen Bedford, Emily McBride, Jo Waller
OBJECTIVES: In England, uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination to prevent HPV-related cancer is lower among girls from ethnic minority backgrounds. We aimed to explore the factors that prevented ethnic minority parents from vaccinating, compared to White British non-vaccinating parents and vaccinating ethnic minority parents. METHODS: Interviews with 33 parents (n = 14 ethnic minority non-vaccinating, n = 10 White British non-vaccinating, n = 9 ethnic minority vaccinating) explored parents' reasons for giving or withholding consent for HPV vaccination...
February 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
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