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Vaccine refusal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135050/belief-about-mandatory-school-vaccinations-and-vaccination-refusal-among-ohio-appalachian-parents-do-demographic-and-religious-factors-general-health-and-political-affiliation-play-a-role
#1
Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Brittany M Bernardo, Rory C Weier, Juan Peng, Mira L Katz, Paul L Reiter, Morgan S Richardson, Michael L Pennell, Cathy M Tatum, Electra D Paskett
PURPOSE: To examine how demographic, general health, religious, and political characteristics influenced beliefs about mandatory school vaccinations and history of vaccination refusal for children among Ohio Appalachian parents. METHODS: In 2013 and 2014, baseline data were obtained from parents (n = 337) of girls aged 9-17 from 12 counties in rural Ohio Appalachia enrolled in the Community Awareness, Resources and Education (CARE II) Project. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify correlates of parental beliefs about mandatory school vaccinations and history of refusing a doctor-recommended vaccine for their child(ren)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126591/parental-refusal-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-multisite-study
#2
Frances DiAnna Kinder
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore reasons why parents may refuse administration of the human papillomavirus vaccine to their children. The data from this multisite study will contribute to our understanding of why parents may refuse administration of the vaccine. METHODS: This mixed-methods study took place in several pediatric settings after a pilot study was completed. After a health visit in which the vaccine was refused, a survey was provided to the parent in a private room...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104181/evaluation-of-newborn-sickle-cell-screening-programme-in-england-2010-2016
#3
Allison Streetly, Rupa Sisodia, Moira Dick, Radoslav Latinovic, Kirsty Hounsell, Elizabeth Dormandy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate England's NHS newborn sickle cell screening programme performance in children up to the age of 5 years. DESIGN: Cohort of resident infants with sickle cell disease (SCD) born between 1 September 2010 and 31 August 2015 and followed until August 2016. PARTICIPANTS: 1317 infants with SCD were notified to the study from all centres in England and 1313 (99%) were followed up. INTERVENTIONS: Early enrolment in clinical follow-up, parental education and routine penicillin prophylaxis...
November 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099756/italian-physicians-opinions-on-rotavirus-vaccine-implementation
#4
Valentin Mita, Michele Arigliani, Laura Zaratti, Raffaele Arigliani, Elisabetta Franco
Rotavirus (RV) infection is the main cause of severe acute gastroenteritis (GE) in the pediatric population and has a major impact in both developing and industrialized countries. The reduction of severe RVGE cases, followed by death or hospitalization, is considered the main benefit of RV vaccination, even though its implementation often faces obstacles. In Italy, the recently approved National Immunization Plan aims to overcome the differences among regions, offering a universal free RV vaccination. The aim of the study was to evaluate the opinions on benefit and acceptability of RV vaccination related to the perception of the burden of RV disease...
November 3, 2017: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092710/no-jab-no-pay-and-vaccine-refusal-in-australia-the-jury-is-out
#5
Euzebiusz Jamrozik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073834/theory-based-analysis-of-interest-in-an-hiv-vaccine-for-reasons-indicative-of-risk-compensation-among-african-american-women
#6
Julia E Painter, Brandie S Temple, Laura A Woods, Carrie Cwiak, Lisa B Haddad, Mark J Mulligan, Ralph J DiClemente
Licensure of an HIV vaccine could reduce or eliminate HIV among vulnerable populations. However, vaccine effectiveness could be undermined by risk compensation (RC), defined by an increase in risky behavior due to a belief that the vaccine will confer protection. Interest in an HIV vaccine for reasons indicative of RC may serve as an indicator of actual RC in a postlicensure era. This study assessed factors associated with interest in an HIV vaccine for reasons indicative of RC among African American women aged 18 to 55 years, recruited from a hospital-based family planning clinic in Atlanta, Georgia ( N = 321)...
October 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061349/patterns-of-childhood-immunization-and-all-cause-mortality
#7
Natalie L McCarthy, Lakshmi Sukumaran, Sophia Newcomer, Jason Glanz, Matthew F Daley, David McClure, Nicola P Klein, Stephanie Irving, Michael L Jackson, Bruno Lewin, Eric Weintraub
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports the safety of the recommended childhood immunization schedule as a whole. However, additional research is warranted as parents' refusing or delaying vaccinations has increased in recent years. All-cause mortality has been identified as a priority outcome to study in the context of the recommended immunization schedule. METHODS: We included children born January 1, 2004 through December 31, 2009, enrolled in the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) from birth through 18 months of age...
October 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031691/understanding-vaccine-hesitancy-in-polio-eradication-in-northern-nigeria
#8
Sebastian Taylor, Mahmud Khan, Ado Muhammad, Okey Akpala, Marit van Strien, Chris Morry, Warren Feek, Ellyn Ogden
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy constitutes a major threat to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), and to further expansion of routine immunisation. Understanding hesitancy, leading in some cases to refusal, is vital to the success of GPEI. Re-emergence of circulating wild poliovirus in northern Nigeria in mid-2016, after 24months polio-free, gives urgency to this. But it is equally important to protect and sustain the global gains available through routine immunisation in a time of rising scepticism and potential rejection of specific vaccines or immunisation more generally...
November 7, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030362/nhs-staff-who-refuse-flu-vaccine-this-winter-will-have-to-give-reasons
#9
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023499/understanding-the-perceived-logic-of-care-by-vaccine-hesitant-and-vaccine-refusing-parents-a-qualitative-study-in-australia
#10
Paul R Ward, Katie Attwell, Samantha B Meyer, Philippa Rokkas, Julie Leask
In terms of public health, childhood vaccination programs have benefits that far outweigh risks. However, some parents decide not to vaccinate their children. This paper explores the ways in which such parents talked about the perceived risks and benefits incurred by vaccinating (or not vaccinating) their children. Between 2013-2016 we undertook 29 in-depth interviews with non-vaccinating and/or 'vaccine hesitant' parents in Australia. Interviews were conducted in an open and non-judgmental manner, akin to empathic neutrality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020069/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-acquiring-measles-during-the-2011-outbreak-in-quebec-and-impact-of-the-province-wide-school-based-vaccination-campaign-on-population-immunity
#11
Marie-Noëlle Billard, Gaston De Serres, Marie-Claude Gariépy, Nicole Boulianne, Eveline Toth, Monique Landry, Danuta M Skowronski
BACKGROUND: A large measles outbreak occurred in Quebec, Canada, in 2011. Although nearly two-thirds of the cases occurred in only two health districts, a mass vaccination campaign targeting all Quebec elementary and high school students without valid two-dose history was undertaken to prevent future outbreaks. We compared rates of non-vaccination and age at first measles vaccine dose among students in the two most-affected districts and the rest of the province and estimated the improvement in overall student measles immunity due to the mass school-based vaccination campaign...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988776/prevalence-of-influenza-vaccine-hesitancy-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#12
Abdullah A Alabbad, Abdulaziz K Alsaad, Mohamed A Al Shaalan, Sulaiman Alola, Esam A Albanyan
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccine hesitancy is a major problem worldwide, with significant public health consequences. We aimed to determine the prevalence of influenza vaccine hesitancy and the effect of vaccine awareness campaigns on vaccine acceptance among three groups (parents, adult patients, and healthcare workers [HCWs]) at King Abdulaziz Medical City, a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The study was conducted during the 2015-2016 winter season...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988775/outbreak-of-vaccine-preventable-diseases-in-muslim-majority-countries
#13
REVIEW
Ali Ahmed, Kah Seng Lee, Allah Bukhsh, Yaser Mohammed Al-Worafi, Md Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Long Chiau Ming, Tahir Mehmood Khan
The increase in Muslim parents' refusal and hesitancy to accept childhood vaccination was identified as one of the contributing factors in the increase of vaccine-preventable diseases cases in countries such as Afghanistan, Malaysia and Pakistan. The spread of inaccurate and irresponsible information by the anti-vaccination movement may inflict more harm than good on Muslim communities. To curb this issue, health authorities in Pakistan and Malaysia have resorted to imposing strict punishments on parents who refuse to allow their children to be vaccinated...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952327/factors-associated-with-pediatrician-responses-to-alternative-immunization-schedule-requests
#14
Salini Mohanty, Kristen A Feemster, Alison Buttenheim, Charlotte A Moser, Robert I Field, Whitney Mayer, Amy Carroll-Scott
We conducted a cross-sectional online survey among 4 chapters of the American Academy of Pediatrics from July through October 2014 to describe characteristics of pediatricians and practices associated with practice-level responses to alternative immunization schedule requests. Among 374 pediatricians, 58% reported frequent alternative immunization schedule requests and 24% reported feeling comfortable using them. Pediatricians who work in practices that accommodate alternative immunization schedule requests have increased odds of having a high frequency of alternative immunization schedule requests, and beliefs that relationships with families would be negatively affected if they refused requests...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948177/vaccine-rejection-and-hesitancy-a-review-and-call-to-action
#15
REVIEW
Tara C Smith
Vaccine refusal has been a recurring story in the media for well over a decade. Although there is scant evidence that refusal is genuinely increasing in the population, multiple studies have demonstrated concerning patterns of decline of confidence in vaccines, the medical professionals who administer vaccines, and the scientists who study and develop vaccines. As specialists in microbiology, immunology, and infectious diseases, scientists are content experts but often lack the direct contact with individuals considering vaccination for themselves or their children that healthcare professionals have daily...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929711/-statistics-at-the-time-of-the-crisis
#16
Andrea Saltelli, Philip B Stark
Science lies nowadays in the centre of several storms. The better known is the finding of non-reproducibility of many scientific results, which stretches from the medical field (clinic and pre-clinic tests) to study on behaviour (priming research). Although the bad use of statistics is reported to be a patent cause of the reproducibility crisis, its deep reasons are to be sought elsewhere; particularly, in the passage from a regimen of little science - regulated by small communities of researchers - to the current big science - identified by a hypertrophic production of millions of research papers and by the imperative "publish or perish", in a setting dominated by market...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885941/the-impact-of-vaccine-refusal-on-physician-office-visits-during-the-subsequent-12-months
#17
Milissa U Jones, Cassandra G Carter, Kenneth L Cameron, Tyler K Smith
We hypothesized that families who are nonadherent to the routine vaccination schedule (RVS) present less frequently for physician visits. We conducted a retrospective chart review to compare the number of visits made over the subsequent 12-month period by families that refused the RVS versus those who were adherent. Subjects were aged 0 to 4 years, enrolled to Keller Army Hospital, and had a diagnosis indicating the RVS was refused. Age-matched controls, who were adherent to the RVS, were randomly chosen for each case...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841813/-you-need-to-do-your-research-vaccines-contestable-science-and-maternal-epistemology
#18
Melissa L Carrion
Individuals who refuse vaccines are often painted as anti-science or ill-informed. However, drawing from interviews with 50 mothers who refused one or more vaccines ( n = 50), results from this study suggest that such depictions lack nuance and may detract from the ability of communication efforts to effectively address concerns. In particular, participants' explanations for vaccine refusal relied on paradoxical arguments about science and expertise. On one hand, participants defended the ideal of science but criticized existing research for failing to meet requisite standards...
August 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838197/individually-linked-household-and-health-facility-vaccination-survey-in-12-at-risk-districts-in-kinshasa-province-democratic-republic-of-congo-methods-and-metadata
#19
Eleanor Burnett, Kathleen Wannemuehler, Guillaume Ngoie Mwamba, Masembe Yolande, Kaya Guylain, Nzazi Nsambu Muriel, Nzuzi Cathy, Tshekoya Patrice, Karen Wilkins, Norbert Yoloyolo
Health facility (HF) and household (HH) data can complement each other to provide a better understanding of the factors that contribute to vaccination status. In 12 zones with low vaccination coverage within Kinshasa Province, Democratic Republic of Congo, we conducted 2 surveys: (1) a linked HH and HF survey among 6-11-month-old infants, and (2) a HH survey among 12-23-month-old children. Linked survey objectives were to identify factors associated with vaccination status and to explore methodological considerations for linked survey implementation...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830694/vaccine-hesitancy-refusal-and-access-barriers-the-need-for-clarity-in-terminology
#20
Helen Bedford, Katie Attwell, Margie Danchin, Helen Marshall, Paul Corben, Julie Leask
Although vaccination uptake is high in most countries, pockets of sub-optimal coverage remain posing a threat to individual and population immunity. Increasingly, the term 'vaccine hesitancy' is being used by experts and commentators to explain sub-optimal vaccination coverage. We contend that using this term to explain all partial or non-immunisation risks generating solutions that are a poor match for the problem in a particular community or population. We propose more precision in the term 'vaccine hesitancy' is needed particularly since much under-vaccination arises from factors related to access or pragmatics...
August 19, 2017: Vaccine
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