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Abdolmohammad Kazemipur
In much of the academic debate on the integration of Muslims into Western liberal democracies, Islam is often treated as one or the sole independent variable in the lives of Muslims. Offering to view Islam-or the understanding of Islam among Muslims-as the dependent variable, The Muslim Question in Canada discusses the influence of socioeconomic forces in shaping the Muslim immigrants' opinions, modes of thinking, and even interpretations of their faith. Drawing on this general approach, which is introduced and developed in the book using a variety of both quantitative and qualitative data, this article focuses on a school of thought within the Islamic jurisprudence known as fiqh al-aqalliyyat al-Muslema (the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities)...
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
Pitt Allmendinger, Johannes Deiglmayr, Otto Schullian, Katharina Höveler, Josef A Agner, Hansjürg Schmutz, Frédéric Merkt
Studies of ion-molecule reactions at low temperatures are difficult because stray electric fields in the reaction volume affect the kinetic energy of charged reaction partners. We describe a new experimental approach to study ion-molecule reactions at low temperatures and present, as example, a measurement of the H2++H2→H3++H reaction with the H2+ ion prepared in a single rovibrational state at collision energies in the range Ecol /kB =5-60 K. To reach such low-collision energies, we use a merged-beam approach and observe the reaction within the orbit of a Rydberg electron, which shields the ions from stray fields...
November 16, 2016: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Pietro Aricò, Gianluca Borghini, Gianluca Di Flumeri, Alfredo Colosimo, Stefano Bonelli, Alessia Golfetti, Simone Pozzi, Jean-Paul Imbert, Géraud Granger, Raïlane Benhacene, Fabio Babiloni
Adaptive Automation (AA) is a promising approach to keep the task workload demand within appropriate levels in order to avoid both the under- and over-load conditions, hence enhancing the overall performance and safety of the human-machine system. The main issue on the use of AA is how to trigger the AA solutions without affecting the operative task. In this regard, passive Brain-Computer Interface (pBCI) systems are a good candidate to activate automation, since they are able to gather information about the covert behavior (e...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Alon Orlitsky, Ananda Theertha Suresh, Yihong Wu
Estimating the number of unseen species is an important problem in many scientific endeavors. Its most popular formulation, introduced by Fisher et al. [Fisher RA, Corbet AS, Williams CB (1943) J Animal Ecol 12(1):42-58], uses n samples to predict the number U of hitherto unseen species that would be observed if [Formula: see text] new samples were collected. Of considerable interest is the largest ratio t between the number of new and existing samples for which U can be accurately predicted. In seminal works, Good and Toulmin [Good I, Toulmin G (1956) Biometrika 43(102):45-63] constructed an intriguing estimator that predicts U for all [Formula: see text] Subsequently, Efron and Thisted [Efron B, Thisted R (1976) Biometrika 63(3):435-447] proposed a modification that empirically predicts U even for some [Formula: see text], but without provable guarantees...
November 22, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Clément Chesseboeuf
This document presents a non-rigid registration algorithm for the use of brain magnetic resonance (MR) images comparison. More precisely, we want to compare pre-operative and post-operative MR images in order to assess the deformation due to a surgical removal. The proposed algorithm has been studied in Chesseboeuf et al. ((Non-rigid registration of magnetic resonance imaging of brain. IEEE, 385-390. doi: 10.1109/IPTA.2015.7367172 , 2015), following ideas of Trouvé (An infinite dimensional group approach for physics based models in patterns recognition...
October 19, 2016: Acta Biotheoretica
Corinne Bay
A patient's refusal of nursing care concerns the caregivers. Future professionals must be prepared for it and student nurses are trained to deal with such situations. It is also important to empower patients and support them in their choice. This article presents the example of the Haute École Robert Schuman in Libramont, Belgium.
October 2016: Revue de L'infirmière
F Genet, A Schnitzler, F Droz-Bartholet, M Salga, L Tatu, C Debaud, P Denormandie, B Parratte
Botulinum Toxin A has been the main treatment for spasticity since the beginning of the 1990s. Surprisingly, there is still no consensus regarding injection parameters or, importantly, how to determine which muscles to target to improve specific functions. The aim of this study was to develop a systematic approach to determine this, using the example of the arm flexion pattern. We first determined anatomical landmarks for selective motor block of the brachialis nerve, using 20 forearms from 10 fresh cadavers in Ecole Européenne de Chirurgie and a university-based dissection centre, Paris, France...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
P Aricò, G Borghini, G Di Flumeri, A Colosimo, S Pozzi, F Babiloni
In the last decades, it has been a fast-growing concept in the neuroscience field. The passive brain-computer interface (p-BCI) systems allow to improve the human-machine interaction (HMI) in operational environments, by using the covert brain activity (eg, mental workload) of the operator. However, p-BCI technology could suffer from some practical issues when used outside the laboratories. In particular, one of the most important limitations is the necessity to recalibrate the p-BCI system each time before its use, to avoid a significant reduction of its reliability in the detection of the considered mental states...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
Idrissa Beogo, Bomar Mendez Rojas, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Chieh-Yu Liu
BACKGROUND: Clinical nursing competence (CNC) is the essence of the nursing profession. It has received attention as a central component of nursing education; however, most instruments of measure were developed in high income countries and essentially in English. To gauge the CNC of nursing students attending Bachelor of Science in Nursing programs, a specialized scale is needed. This study aimed to validate a French version of the 22-item Clinical Nursing Competence Questionnaire (CNCQ-22), designed and implemented in Taiwan...
October 2016: Nurse Education Today
Emily Milne
Student success is facilitated by strong bonds between families and schools, including a shared sense of purpose and mutual trust. However, for Indigenous peoples these relationships are often broken, undermined by the legacy of residential schooling and assimilative educational practices. Drawing on interviews with 50 Indigenous (mainly Haudenosaunee, Anishinaabe, and Métis) and non-Indigenous parents and educators, this paper examines the ways in which issues of class and race shape interactions between teachers and Indigenous parents...
August 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
Pascale Lafitte, Michel Bridot, Luis Semedo, Rémi Gagnayre
The National Institute of Research and Security and the “CHANTIER Ecole” network have developed first-aid training for employees of integration into the workplace centres. Specifically geared towards workplace safety, but similar in its content to home first-aid and rescue training, this training is also designed to enhance individual and collective responsibility and citizenship. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the personal and interpersonal effects of first-aid training of these employees by considering their social and professional difficulties in terms of psychosocial skills, such as empowerment, stress and emotions management, and decision-making capacity...
March 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Manon Moussour, Marc Lavarde, Anne-Marie Pensé-Lhéritier, François Bouton
OBJECTIVE: The powders are ingredients increasingly used in the formulation of cosmetic products for the sensory qualities they give. The objective of this study is the development of a lexicon and a referential for sensory characterization of these pure raw materials as well as formulations which contain them. METHODS: 11 expert panelists from Ecole de biologie industrielle de Cergy (France) developed a lexicon and a referential based on 12 powders of different chemical natures...
July 6, 2016: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
Jean Jeener, Gerrit Alewaeters
The review articles published in "Progress in NMR Spectroscopy" are usually invited treatments of topics of current interest, but occasionally the Editorial Board may take an initiative to publish important historical material that is not widely available. The present article represents just such a case. Jean Jeener gave a lecture in 1971 at a summer school in Basko Polje, in what was then called Yugoslavia. As is now widely known, Jean Jeener laid down the foundations in that lecture of two - and higher - dimensional NMR spectroscopy by proposing the homonuclear COSY experiment...
May 2016: Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Frank Koslucher, Justin Munafo, Thomas A Stoffregen
We exposed standing men and women to motion relative to the illuminated environment in a moving room. During room motion, we measured the kinematics of standing body sway. Participants were instructed to discontinue immediately if they experienced any symptoms of motion sickness, however mild. For this reason, our analysis of body sway included only movement before the onset of motion sickness. We analyzed the spatial magnitude of postural sway in terms of the positional variability and mean velocity of the center of pressure...
September 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Kira A Cassidy, Richard T McIntyre
For group-living mammals, social coordination increases success in everything from hunting and foraging (Crofoot and Wrangham in Mind the Gap, Springer, Berlin, 2010; Bailey et al. in Behav Ecol Sociobiol 67:1-17, 2013) to agonism (Mosser and Packer in Anim Behav 78:359-370, 2009; Wilson et al. in Anim Behav 83:277-291, 2012; Cassidy et al. in Behav Ecol 26:1352-1360, 2015). Cooperation is found in many species and, due to its low costs, likely is a determining factor in the evolution of living in social groups (Smith in Anim Behav 92:291-304, 2014)...
September 2016: Animal Cognition
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
(no author information available yet)
This volume contains the proceedings of the Special Topic Conference (STC) of the European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI). The organisation of the STC is part of a long tradition of EFMI working groups to organise scientific events focused on important trends in medical informatics and eHealth. In 2016, the special topic is "Transforming Healthcare with the Internet of Things" in relation to the EFMI working group Personal Portable Devices (PPD). STC 2016 takes place in Paris, France, organised by the Laboratoire d'Informatique Médicale et d'Ingénierie des Connaissances en e-Santé (LIMICS) under the auspices of EFMI and the French Association for Medical Informatics (AIM)...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Alexandra Weyrich, Stephanie Benz, Stephan Karl, Marie Jeschek, Katarina Jewgenow, Joerns Fickel
Epigenetic mechanisms convey environmental information through generations and can regulate gene expression. Epigenetic studies in wild mammals are rare, but enable understanding adaptation processes as they may occur in nature. In most wild mammal species, males are the dispersing sex and thus often have to cope with differing habitats and thermal changes more rapidly than the often philopatric females. As temperature is a major environmental selection factor, we investigated whether genetically heterogeneous Wild guinea pig (Cavia aperea) males adapt epigenetically to an increase in temperature, whether that response will be transmitted to the next generation(s), and whether it regulates mRNA expression...
May 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Sridhar A Lahankar, Jianming Zhang, Timothy K Minton, Hua Guo, György Lendvay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
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