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Diagnostic radiographers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434082/senior-general-surgery-residents-can-be-trained-to-perform-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-patients-accurately
#1
Sheng-Der Hsu, Cheng-Jueng Chen, De-Chuan Chan, Jyh-Cherng Yu
PURPOSES: Researchers studying trauma have found that physicians are able to perform a focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) with minimal training and achieve ideal accuracy. However, there are currently no consensus or standard guidelines regarding the performance of this assessment. The aim of our study was to clarify the value of FAST performed by well-qualified senior general surgery residents in cases of suspected blunt abdominal trauma, which presents an important diagnostic problem in emergency departments...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428913/comparison-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-radiographs-for-evaluation-of-carpal-osteoarthritis
#2
Angela E Li, Steve K Lee, Schneider K Rancy, Alissa J Burge, Hollis G Potter, Scott W Wolfe
Background We sought to evaluate the interobserver and intraobserver reliability of radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for grading of osteoarthritis in patients with scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC), and to determine whether MRI is more likely than radiographs to detect carpal osteoarthritis. Methods Radiographs and MR studies of 46 patients with SLAC and SNAC arthritis were reviewed by two hand surgeons and two radiologists and were graded according to severity of osteoarthritis at seven carpal joints...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427806/decreased-synovial-fluid-ghrelin-levels-are-linked-with-disease-severity-in-primary-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-and-are-increased-following-laser-therapy
#3
Yu-Cong Zou, Hong-Yu Deng, Zheng Mao, Chang Zhao, Ju Huang, Gang Liu
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin has been proved to inhibit inflammation and promote cartilage growth. So far, its role in patients with primary osteoarthritis has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: The current study was performed to explore the serum and synovial ghrelin levels as well as the relationship between ghrelin levels and disease severity in primary knee OA patients. METHODS: 52 primary knee OA patients were recruited in the study. 52 sex and age-matched patients visiting our hospital for regular body check were selected as controls...
April 18, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418950/sacral-fatigue-fracture-in-a-military-recruit
#4
Matthew D Burgess, Mickaila J Johnston, Eugene D Silverman
A 19-year-old male military recruit presented with 3 weeks of persistent left hip and groin pain after abnormally twisting his hip during a hike. Initial radiographs were interpreted as negative. He subsequently underwent a bone scan which revealed linear left sacral uptake along or paralleling the sacroiliac joint. Differential diagnostic considerations included unilateral sacroiliitis and sacral fracture. SPECT/CT was performed which confirmed left sacral fatigue stress fracture. Transitional lumbosacral anatomy was evident on radiographs with pseudoarticulation of the transitional left S1 transverse process with the sacrum...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418086/general-dentists-use-of-diagnostic-equipment-and-methods
#5
Chin-Hang Kong, Michelle Davis, Kathryn Fong, Paul V Abbott
An accurate diagnosis is essential for making treatment decisions in dentistry. However, little research is available as to which tests are done routinely and how commonly they are performed. The purpose of this study was to investigate diagnostic methods and equipment used by general dentists in private practice in Perth. The study involved a retrospective audit of 30 patient records from seven individual general dentists working in private practices in the Perth Metropolitan area. De-identification of patient records was done prior to the researchers' visit...
April 18, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417581/radiopacity-of-resin-cements-using-digital-radiography
#6
Sherif Hosney, Hanan K Abouelseoud, Omar El-Mowafy
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Monitoring performance of glass-ceramic based indirect restorations using radiographic imaging might be difficult due to their low radiopacity. Therefore, materials used for their cementation must possess adequate radiopacity. PURPOSE: This study determined radiopacity of a group of resin-cements used for adhesive-cementation of glass-ceramic-based restorations using digital radiography. METHODS: Two specimens were prepared from a group of resin cements (VariolinkII-opaque, VariolinkII-opaque (base), VariolinkII-Transparent, VariolinkII-Transparent (base), Nexus, RelyX Unicem, RelyX ultimate, Duolink, Monocem and Resinomer) and longitudinal sections of same thickness were obtained from molar and premolar...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417204/injuries-to-the-chopart-joint-complex-a-current-review
#7
REVIEW
Halah Kutaish, R Stern, L Drittenbass, M Assal
Chopart complex injuries (CCIs) are thought to be uncommon; however, recent literature states the rate of misdiagnosis to be between 20 and 41%. Chopart complex injuries are not ankle injuries, with which they are initially confused due to a similar mechanism of trauma in many cases. Injury to the Chopart complex commonly affects multiple structures. The key to optimal treatment is a high index of clinical suspicion combined with timely accurate imaging studies. Careful diagnostic workup with high-quality radiographs of the foot in neutral position should be obtained...
April 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413599/rare-features-associated-with-mobius-syndrome-report-of-two-cases
#8
Rumela Ghosh, Vikram Shetty, Shruthi Hegde, G Subhas Babu, Vidya Ajila, Nanda Kishore P, Mithula Nair
Mobius syndrome is a rare congenital disorder with the preliminary diagnostic criteria of congenital facial and abducent nerve palsy. Involvement of other cranial nerves, too, is common. Prevalence rate of this syndrome is approximately 1 in 100,000 neonates. It is of unknown etiology with sporadic occurrence. However, data regarding the occurrence rate in India is limited. Features such as orofacial malformations, limb defects, and musculoskeletal, behavioral, and cognitive abnormalities might be associated...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410936/radiographic-and-clinical-analysis-of-lateral-epicondylitis
#9
Matthew Shillito, Maximillian Soong, Nicholas Martin
PURPOSE: The literature suggests that radiographs may be unnecessary in the initial evaluation of lateral epicondylitis because treatment is rarely altered as a result of the radiographic findings. The most commonly reported radiographic finding is calcification at the lateral epicondyle. Our goal was to perform a quantitative and qualitative analysis of this finding to determine its importance and possible relationship with various clinical factors and patient-reported measures. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with lateral epicondylitis by a single surgeon during a 5-year period were retrospectively reviewed...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410682/integrated-digital-tomosynthesis-for-patient-positioning-of-image-guided-radiation-therapy
#10
Hui Yan, Jian-Rong Dai
PURPOSE: Digital Tomosynthesis (DTS), originally developed for diagnostic applications, has been recently introduced to image guided radiotherapy (IGRT). Due to limited scan range, DTS was featured by anisotropic spatial resolution. A new approach, integrated DTS (IDTS), was developed to improve image resolution of DTS for patient positioning in IGRT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For registration purpose, both on-board IDTS (O-IDTS) and reference IDTS (R-IDTS) were required...
April 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407815/acute-symptomatic-peri-lead-edema-33%C3%A2-hours-after-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery-a-case-report
#11
Nathan B Schoen, Walter J Jermakowicz, Corneliu C Luca, Jonathan R Jagid
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic peri-lead edema is a rare complication of deep brain stimulation that has been reported to develop 4 to 120 days postoperatively. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report the case of a 63-year-old Hispanic man with an 8-year history of Parkinson's disease who underwent bilateral placement of subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation leads and presented with acute, symptomatic, unilateral, peri-lead edema just 33 hours after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: We document a thorough radiographic time course showing the evolution of these peri-lead changes and their regression with steroid therapy, and discuss the therapeutic implications of these findings...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407752/detection-of-high-serum-levels-of-%C3%AE-d-glucan-in-disseminated-nocardial-infection-a-case-report
#12
Toyomitsu Sawai, Takumi Nakao, Shota Yamaguchi, Sumako Yoshioka, Nobuko Matsuo, Naofumi Suyama, Katsunori Yanagihara, Hiroshi Mukae
BACKGROUND: β-D-glucan (BDG) is a helpful diagnostic marker for many invasive fungal infections, but not for nocardiosis. Here, we reported the first case of nocardial infection with high serum level of BDG. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old man was hospitalized because of fever, headache, and appetite loss after 10 months of steroid and immunosuppressive therapy for cryptogenic organizing pneumonia. With a diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia, treatment with ampicillin/sulbactam was initiated...
April 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407440/improving-education-and-supervision-of-queensland-x-ray-operators-through-video-conference-technology-a-teleradiography-pilot-project
#13
Marnie Rawle, Tanya Oliver, Alison Pighills, Daniel Lindsay
INTRODUCTION: X-ray Operator (XO) supervision in Queensland is performed by radiographers in a site removed from the XO site. This has historically been performed by telephone when the XO requires immediate help, as well as post-examination through radiographer review and the provision of written feedback on images produced. This project aimed to improve image quality through the provision of real-time support of XOs by the introduction of video conference (VC) supervision. METHODS: A 6-month pilot project compared image quality with and without VC supervision...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407270/comparison-of-diagnostic-accuracy-for-the-low-type-imperforate-anus-between-prone-cross-table-radiography-and-sonography
#14
Takahiro Hosokawa, Mayumi Hosokawa, Yutaka Tanami, Shinya Hattori, Yumiko Sato, Yujiro Tanaka, Hiroshi Kawashima, Eiji Oguma, Yoshitake Yamada
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic accuracy for the low-type imperforate anus between prone cross-table radiography and sonography. METHODS: We included 20 neonates with imperforate anus: 13 with a surgically proven low type and 7 with an intermediate or high type. The distance between the distal rectal pouch and the perineum (pouch-perineum distance) was measured by both sonography and prone cross-table radiography. A previously established pouch-perineum distance of 10 mm was used as the cutoff for diagnosis of a low-type imperforate anus...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401025/adult-acute-precursor-b-cell-lymphoblastic-leukemia-presenting-as-hypercalcemia-and-osteolytic-bone-lesions
#15
Nikki Charlotta Paul Granacher, Zwi N Berneman, Wilfried Schroyens, Ann L R Van de Velde, Anke Verlinden, Alain P A Gadisseur
BACKGROUND: Osteolytic bone lesions and hypercalcemia without peripheral blasts B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is reported in children but rarely seen in adults. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 34-year old man presenting with hypercalcemia and symptomatic osteolytic bone lesions of vertebrae and ribs who was initially suspected as having a solid malignancy. Diagnostic work-up including peripheral blood examination, radiographic and nuclear studies could, however, not detect a primary tumor...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394681/age-estimation-based-on-a-radiographic-study-of-the-growing-foot
#16
Beatriz Gómez-Martín, Elena Escamilla-Martínez, Lourdes María Fernández-Seguín, Andrés Santiago-Sáez, José Antonio Sánchez-Sánchez, Juan Antonio Díaz-Mancha
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine a predictive model of data, differentiated by sex, from a radiographic study of the skeleton of the foot as an alternative to the classic study of the hand. METHODS: The study included 2,476 digital radiographs from 816 participants aged 0 to 21 years. The radiographs were from the Radiology Diagnostic Services of the Public Health System of Extremadura (Spain) from 2007 to 2011. The method used for their analysis consisted of assigning a numerical code to each ossification center of each growing bone of the foot and subsequently subjecting the data to a multivariate, decision tree, statistical analysis...
March 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390643/a-46-year-old-man-with-dyspnea-hypoxemia-and-radiographic-asymmetry-after-redo-bilateral-lung-transplantation
#17
Sofya Tokman, Michael A Smith, A Samad Hashimi, Ashraf Omar
A 46-year-old man underwent redo bilateral sequential lung transplantation for rapidly progressive bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome that developed 3.5 years after initial transplantation. In the operating room, he was sedated and intubated with a dual lumen endotracheal tube with subsequent single right-lung ventilation and left allograft implantation. His pulmonary arterial pressure became elevated with reperfusion of the newly implanted left lung, which required initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass to facilitate implantation of the right lung...
April 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390544/obesity-heuristic-reasoning-and-the-organisation-of-communicative-embarrassment-in-diagnostic-radiography
#18
P K Miller, A L Woods, C Sloane, L Booth
This paper, the second of three arising from a broader qualitative study, explores difficulties emerging around radiographer-patient communication regarding obesity in hospital-based encounters, and the situated strategies found by experienced radiographers for handling such situations. Semi-structured interviews with eight clinicians working in plain radiography (mean experience = 21.56 years) were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA), so as to highlight the practical, nuanced and real-world experiences of these individuals regarding obesity communication...
May 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389135/a-contemporary-definition-of-hip-dysplasia-and-structural-instability-toward-a-comprehensive-classification-for-acetabular-dysplasia
#19
Geoffrey P Wilkin, Mazen M Ibrahim, Kevin M Smit, Paul E Beaulé
Hip dysplasia has long been known to be a risk factor for pain and degenerative changes in the hip joint. The diagnosis of dysplasia has historically been based on assessments of acetabular anatomy on the anteroposterior pelvic radiograph, most commonly the lateral center-edge angle. Recent advances in imaging of the dysplastic hip with computerized tomography scans have demonstrated that hip dysplasia is in fact a 3-dimensional (D) deformity of the acetabulum and that multiple patterns of hip instability exist that may not be completely assessed on 2D imaging...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385934/the-diagnostic-performance-of-radiographic-criteria-to-detect-aseptic-acetabular-component-loosening-after-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty
#20
J M Abrahams, Y S Kim, S A Callary, C De Ieso, K Costi, D W Howie, L B Solomon
AIMS: This study aimed to determine the diagnostic performance of radiographic criteria to detect aseptic acetabular loosening after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). Secondary aims were to determine the predictive values of different thresholds of migration and to determine the predictive values of radiolucency criteria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Acetabular component migration to re-revision was measured retrospectively using Ein-Bild-Rontgen-Analyse (EBRA-Cup) and manual measurements (Sutherland method) in two groups: Group A, 52 components (48 patients) found not loose at re-revision and Group B, 42 components (36 patients) found loose at re-revision between 1980 and 2015...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
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