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P N Zivich, L Tatham, K Lung, J Tien, C E Bollinger, J K Bower
Prior studies suggest that the influenza vaccine is protective against some outcomes in hospitalized patients infected with influenza despite vaccination. We utilized surveillance data from Columbus, Ohio to investigate this association over multiple influenza seasons and age groups. Data on laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations were collected as a part of the Influenza Hospitalization Surveillance Project for the 2012-2013, 2013-2014, and 2014-2015 influenza seasons. The association between influenza vaccination status was examined in relation to the outcomes of severe influenza and diagnosis of pneumonia among patients receiving antiviral treatment...
October 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
Hernan Rincon-Choles, Stacey E Jolly, Susana Arrigain, Victoria Konig, Jesse D Schold, Georges Nakhoul, Sankar D Navaneethan, Joseph V Nally, Michael B Rothberg
BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is associated with the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), but it is not known whether the relationship is causal. We examined the association of hyperuricemia and uric acid lowering therapy (UALT) with progression of CKD in patients with CKD 3 and 4 in the Cleveland Clinic CKD registry. METHODS: We included 1,676 patients with CKD stages 3 and 4 from Ohio, who had measured their uric acid (UA) levels a year prior to the recording of the second eGFR <60 mL/min/1...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
Angelo A Alonzo
This study details my viewpoint on the experiences, lessons, and assessments of conducting a national study on care-seeking behavior for heart attack in the United States utilizing the World Wide Web. The Yale Heart Study (YHS) was funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Grounded on two prior studies, the YHS combined a Web-based interview survey instrument; ads placed on the Internet; flyers and posters in public libraries, senior centers, and rehabilitation centers; information on chat rooms; a viral marketing strategy; and print ads to attract potential participants to share their heart attack experiences...
October 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
James R Wright, Jeanne Abrams
CONTEXT: - In the early 20th century, the future of hospital-based clinical pathology practice was uncertain and this situation led to the formation of the American Society for Clinical Pathologists in 1922. Philip Hillkowitz and Ward Burdick were its cofounders. No biography of Hillkowitz exists. OBJECTIVE: - To explore the life, beliefs, and accomplishments of Philip Hillkowitz. DESIGN: - Available primary and secondary historical sources were reviewed...
October 13, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Erika S Trapl, Stephanie N Pike, Elaine Borawski, Susan A Flocke, Darcy A Freedman, Colleen C Walsh, Christine Schneider, Laura Yoder
OBJECTIVES: We systematically evaluated changes in availability, price, and quality of perishable food items from the beginning to the end of the month in lowincome, urban neighborhoods. METHODS: The sample included grocery stores or supermarkets in Cleveland, Ohio, within neighborhoods with >30% of population receiving food assistance. We collected data for 2 sequential months during the first and fourth weeks of each month. Two coders evaluated stores, collecting measures of availability, price, and quality for 50 items...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
Syed E Ahmed, Afaque H Khan
We are reporting a case of psychogenic polydipsia from a State of Ohio psychiatric hospital. The patient has a known five-year history of psychogenic polydipsia with recurrent hyponatremia and has been diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder bipolar type 1, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria, for the past two decades. There was a marked improvement with the use of acetazolamide, resulting in a decreased compulsion to drink fluid and improvement of his hyponatremia...
August 9, 2017: Curēus
J Pempek, D Trearchis, M Masterson, G Habing, K Proudfoot
Veal calves are at high risk for disease and mortality in early life. Calves face a number of stressors before arriving at the grower, including long transport times, which may contribute to poor health. Our objectives were to 1) estimate the prevalence of poor health outcomes in veal calves on arrival at growers in Ohio; 2) determine risk factors for health outcomes on arrival, including BW and auction site (spread across 5 states in the Northeastern United States); and 3) determine if health outcomes on arrival predict early mortality...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
Lenee Blanton, David E Wentworth, Noreen Alabi, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, John Barnes, Lynnette Brammer, Erin Burns, C Todd Davis, Vivien G Dugan, Alicia M Fry, Rebecca Garten, Lisa A Grohskopf, Larisa Gubareva, Krista Kniss, Stephen Lindstrom, Desiree Mustaquim, Sonja J Olsen, Katherine Roguski, Calli Taylor, Susan Trock, Xiyan Xu, Jacqueline Katz, Daniel Jernigan
During May 21-September 23, 2017,* the United States experienced low-level seasonal influenza virus activity; however, beginning in early September, CDC received reports of a small number of localized influenza outbreaks caused by influenza A(H3N2) viruses. In addition to influenza A(H3N2) viruses, influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and influenza B viruses were detected during May-September worldwide and in the United States. Influenza B viruses predominated in the United States from late May through late June, and influenza A viruses predominated beginning in early July...
October 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Stephanie N Pike, Erika S Trapl, Jill K Clark, Chaturia D Rouse, Bethany A Bell, Ashwini R Sehgal, Thomas To, Elaine Borawski, Darcy A Freedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
Michelle Albicini, Matthew Eggleston, Audrey McKinlay
BACKGROUND: A history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is prevalent in children and adolescents within the health system, which may be accompanied with higher rates of poor mental health outcomes including anxiety and other psychiatric disorders. AIMS: To explore rates of TBI and associated anxiety and other psychiatric diagnoses in children and adolescents aged 5-18 years within the mental health system. METHODS: Participants were recruited from an outpatient mental health service in Canterbury, New Zealand...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
Nicholas C Newman, Sarah Elam, Carol Igoe, Camille Jones, William Menrath, Denisha Porter, Erin N Haynes
Disseminating public health recommendations to community members is an important step in protecting the public's health. We describe a community-academic partnership comprising health-based organizations, community groups, academia, and government organizations. This partnership undertook an iterative process to develop an outreach plan, educational materials, and activities to bring lead-poisoning prevention recommendations from a health impact assessment of a roadway demolition/construction project to the residents of an affected neighborhood in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 2012...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
Amy Restorick Roberts, Karen J Ishler
Purpose of Study: This study focuses on the relationship between family involvement and family perceptions of nursing home residents' quality of life (QOL). Design and Methods: Resident and family variables from the 2012 Ohio Family Satisfaction Survey were merged with facility information from the Certification and Survey Enhanced Reports (CASPER). Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine the association between family involvement and other predictors with perceived resident QOL...
July 25, 2017: Gerontologist
Amy M Valent, Chris DeArmond, Judy M Houston, Srinidhi Reddy, Heather R Masters, Alison Gold, Michael Boldt, Emily DeFranco, Arthur T Evans, Carri R Warshak
Importance: The rate of obesity among US women has been increasing, and obesity is associated with increased risk of surgical site infection (SSI) following cesarean delivery. The optimal perioperative antibiotic prophylactic regimen in this high-risk population undergoing cesarean delivery is unknown. Objective: To determine rates of SSI among obese women who receive prophylactic oral cephalexin and metronidazole vs placebo for 48 hours following cesarean delivery...
September 19, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Carolyn M Kercsmar, Andrew F Beck, Hadley Sauers-Ford, Jeffrey Simmons, Brandy Wiener, Lisa Crosby, Susan Wade-Murphy, Pamela J Schoettker, Pavan K Chundi, Zeina Samaan, Mona Mansour
Importance: Asthma is the most common chronic condition of childhood. Hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits for asthma are more frequently experienced by minority children and adolescents and those with low socioeconomic status. Objective: To reduce asthma-related hospitalizations and ED visits for Medicaid-insured pediatric patients residing in Hamilton County, Ohio. Design, Setting, and Participants: From January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2015, a multidisciplinary team used quality-improvement methods and the chronic care model to conduct interventions in inpatient, outpatient, and community settings in a large, urban academic pediatric hospital in Hamilton County, Ohio...
September 18, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
Frank Zurfley, Eliot N Mostow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
Gregory R Hopkins, Bradley E Dougherty, Angela M Brown
SIGNIFICANCE: This report describes the first clinical use of the Ohio Contrast Cards, a new test that measures the maximum spatial contrast sensitivity of low-vision patients who cannot recognize and identify optotypes and for whom the spatial frequency of maximum contrast sensitivity is unknown. PURPOSE: To compare measurements of the Ohio Contrast Cards to measurements of three other vision tests and a vision-related quality-of-life questionnaire obtained on partially sighted students at Ohio State School for the Blind...
October 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Ali Zakir Syed, Savitha Deepthi Yannam, Gedela Pavani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of dense bone island (DBI) and its relationship to age and sex; its predominant location, amount, and shape; and its correlation with resorption of roots. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was done with panoramic images of 4581 patients above the age of 14 years at Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine in northeast Ohio from January 2014 to May 2015. RESULTS: Of 4581 patients seen, 147 (3...
October 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Brian B Partido
Due to postural demands, dental professionals are at high risk for developing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). Dental clinicians' lack of ergonomic awareness may impede the clinical application of recommendations to improve their posture. The aim of this study was to determine whether feedback involving photography and self-assessment would improve dental hygiene students' ergonomic scores and accuracy of their ergonomic self-assessments. The study involved a randomized control design and used a convenience sample of all 32 junior-year dental hygiene students enrolled in the autumn 2016 term in The Ohio State University baccalaureate dental hygiene program...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Paul A Beare, Brendan M Jeffrey, Craig A Martens, Talima Pearson, Robert A Heinzen
Here, we report draft genome sequences of historical strains of Coxiella burnetii derived from cow's milk and the placenta of a goat that had aborted. The California and Ohio milk strains display a different sequence type than do contemporary milk strains.
September 28, 2017: Genome Announcements
Cole Brokamp, Roman Jandarov, M B Rao, Grace LeMasters, Patrick Ryan
Exposure assessment for elemental components of particulate matter (PM) using land use modeling is a complex problem due to the high spatial and temporal variations in pollutant concentrations at the local scale. Land use regression (LUR) models may fail to capture complex interactions and non-linear relationships between pollutant concentrations and land use variables. The increasing availability of big spatial data and machine learning methods present an opportunity for improvement in PM exposure assessment models...
February 2017: Atmospheric Environment
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