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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822543/dairy-calf-management-a-comparison-of-practices-and-producer-attitudes-among-conventional-and-organic-herds
#1
J A Pempek, G M Schuenemann, E Holder, G G Habing
Dairy calves are at high risk for morbidity and mortality early in life. Understanding producer attitudes is important for implementation of best management practices to improve calf health. The objectives of this study were to evaluate usage frequency and producer attitudes on key calf management practices between conventional and organic dairy operations. A cross-sectional survey was mailed to conventional and organic dairy producers in Ohio and Michigan that included questions on cow-calf separation, colostrum management, and vaccination use...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820376/influenza-a-h3n2-virus-in-swine-at-agricultural-fairs-and-transmission-to-humans-michigan-and-ohio-usa-2016
#2
Andrew S Bowman, Rasna R Walia, Jacqueline M Nolting, Amy L Vincent, Mary Lea Killian, Michele M Zentkovich, Joshua N Lorbach, Sarah E Lauterbach, Tavis K Anderson, C Todd Davis, Natosha Zanders, Joyce Jones, Yunho Jang, Brian Lynch, Marisela R Rodriguez, Lenee Blanton, Stephen E Lindstrom, David E Wentworth, John Schiltz, James J Averill, Tony Forshey
In 2016, a total of 18 human infections with influenza A(H3N2) virus occurred after exposure to influenza-infected swine at 7 agricultural fairs. Sixteen of these cases were the result of infection by a reassorted virus with increasing prevalence among US swine containing a hemagglutinin gene from 2010-11 human seasonal H3N2 strains.
September 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818349/fifteen-year-decrease-in-general-surgery-resident-breast-operative-experience-are-we-training-proficient-breast-surgeons
#3
Kelsey E Larson, Stephen R Grobmyer, Mika A B Reschke, Stephanie A Valente
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to evaluate trends in general surgery resident breast cases over the past 15 years. STUDY DESIGN: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Case Logs Statistics Reports from 2000 to 2015 were reviewed for average breast-specific case numbers and trends over time. ACGME data were available for all cases and breast-specific cases including the following: excisional biopsy/lumpectomy, simple mastectomy, modified radical mastectomy, and sentinel lymph node excision...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817554/occupational-distribution-of-campylobacteriosis-and-salmonellosis-cases-maryland-ohio-and-virginia-2014
#4
Chia-Ping Su, Marie A de Perio, Kathleen Fagan, Meghan L Smith, Ellen Salehi, Seth Levine, Karen Gruszynski, Sara E Luckhaupt
Campylobacter and Salmonella are leading causes of bacterial gastroenteritis in the United States and are estimated to cause >1 million episodes of domestically acquired illness annually (1). Campylobacter and Salmonella are primarily transmitted through contaminated food, but animal-to-human and human-to-human transmission can also occur (2,3). Although occupationally acquired infections have been reported, occupational risk factors have rarely been studied. In 2015, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) identified 63 suspected or confirmed cases of Campylobacter infection over 3...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816783/association-of-testosterone-replacement-therapy-and-the-incidence-of-a-composite-of-postoperative-in-hospital-mortality-and-cardiovascular-events-in-men-undergoing-noncardiac-surgery
#5
Maged Y Argalious, Jing You, Guangmei Mao, Daniel Ramos, Sandeep Khanna, Kamal Maheshwari, Carlos Trombetta
BACKGROUND: Whether patients on testosterone replacement therapy undergoing noncardiac surgery have an increased risk of postoperative in-hospital mortality and cardiovascular events remains unknown. We therefore sought to identify the impact of testosterone replacement on the incidence of a composite of postoperative in-hospital mortality and cardiovascular events in men undergoing noncardiac surgery. METHODS: Data from male American Society of Anesthesiologists I through IV patients 40 yr or older who underwent noncardiac surgery between May 2005 and December 2015 at the Cleveland Clinic (Cleveland, Ohio) main campus were included...
September 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816490/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-receiving-trauma-informed-practices-on-domestic-violence-shelter-residents
#6
Cris M Sullivan, Lisa A Goodman, Tyler Virden, Jennifer Strom, Rachel Ramirez
Domestic violence is a potentially traumatizing experience that has devastating psychological and physical consequences. In response, domestic violence shelter programs have focused increasing attention on helping adult and child survivors understand and heal from this trauma. What have come to be called trauma-informed practices include (a) reflecting an understanding of trauma and its many effects on health and behavior, (b) addressing both physical and psychological safety concerns, (c) using a culturally informed strengths-based approach, (d) helping to illuminate the nature and effects of abuse on survivors' everyday experience; and (e) providing opportunities for clients to regain control over their lives...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813733/disseminated-blastomycosis-mimicking-malignancy
#7
Jennifer L Hsu, B Joel Tjarks, Aaron Berg, Tony Oliver
Blastomycosis is an endemic fungal infection commonly found within the Mississippi and Ohio River basins and Great Lakes region. While patients typically present with acute pneumonia, Blastomyces dermatitidis has the potential to spread hematogenously, resulting in disseminated infection of multiple organs. In this report, we describe a 57-year-old male with disseminated blastomycosis acquired in South Dakota. The diagnostic evaluation was confounded by concern for malignancy given the involvement of multiple locations, including brain, lungs, adrenal glands, and testes...
April 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812034/the-influence-of-medical-insurance-on-patient-access-to-orthopaedic-surgery-sports-medicine-appointments-under-the-affordable-care-act
#8
Daniel H Wiznia, Emmanuel Nwachuku, Alexander Roth, Chang-Yeon Kim, Ameya Save, Nidharshan S Anandasivam, Michael Medvecky, Richard Pelker
BACKGROUND: The goal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was to expand patient access to health care. Since the rollout of the PPACA, Medicaid patients have demonstrated difficulty obtaining appointments in some specialty care settings. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of insurance type (Medicaid and private) on patient access to orthopaedic surgery sports medicine specialists for a semiurgent evaluation of a likely operative bucket-handle meniscus tear...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811879/growth-and-fecundity-of-fertile-miscanthus%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-giganteus-powercane-compared-to-feral-and-ornamental-miscanthus-sinensis-in-a-common-garden-experiment-implications-for-invasion
#9
Maria N Miriti, Tahir Ibrahim, Destiny Palik, Catherine Bonin, Emily Heaton, Evans Mutegi, Allison A Snow
Perennial grasses are promising candidates for bioenergy crops, but species that can escape cultivation and establish self-sustaining naturalized populations (feral) may have the potential to become invasive. Fertile Miscanthus × giganteus, known as "PowerCane," is a new potential biofuel crop. Its parent species are ornamental, non-native Miscanthus species that establish feral populations and are sometimes invasive in the USA. As a first step toward assessing the potential for "PowerCane" to become invasive, we documented its growth and fecundity relative to one of its parent species (Miscanthus sinensis) in competition with native and invasive grasses in common garden experiments located in Columbus, Ohio and Ames, Iowa, within the targeted range of biofuel cultivation...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810513/effects-of-source-and-seasonal-variations-of-natural-organic-matters-on-the-fate-and-transport-of-ceo2-nanoparticles-in-the-environment
#10
Zhen Li, Endalkachew Sahle-Demessie, Ashraf Aly Hassan, Jonathan G Pressman, George A Sorial, Changseok Han
Natural organic matter (NOM) affects the stability and transport of nanoparticles (NPs) in natural waters by modifying their physiochemical properties. Source location, and seasonal variations, influence their molecular, physical and electrical charge properties. To understand the variations of NOM on the mobilization of NPs, large volumes of water were collected from the Ohio River (OR) over winter and summer seasons and dissolved NOMs were concentrated. The chemical and structural differences of these NOMs were compared with the Suwannee River humic acid (SRHA) SRHA using (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and Fourier transforms infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy...
August 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803198/variability-of-indoor-fungal-microbiome-of-green-and-non-green-low-income-homes-in-cincinnati-ohio
#11
Kanistha Coombs, Diana Taft, Doyle V Ward, Brett J Green, Ginger L Chew, Behrouz Shamsaei, Jaroslaw Meller, Reshmi Indugula, Tiina Reponen
"Green" housing is designed to use low-impact materials, increase energy efficiency and improve occupant health. However, little is known about the indoor mycobiome of green homes. The current study is a subset of a multicenter study that aims to investigate the indoor environment of green homes and the respiratory health of asthmatic children. In the current study, the mycobiome in air, bed dust and floor dust was compared between green (study site) and non-green (control site), low-income homes in Cincinnati, Ohio...
August 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802274/horizontal-dissemination-of-antimicrobial-resistance-determinants-in-multiple-salmonella-serotypes-following-isolation-from-the-environment-of-commercial-swine-operations-after-manure-application
#12
Suchawan Pornsukarom, Siddhartha Thakur
The aim of this study was to characterize the plasmids carrying antimicrobial resistance (AMR) determinants in multiple Salmonella serotypes recovered from the commercial swine farms environment after manure application on land. Manure and soil samples were collected on day0 before and after manure application on six farms in North Carolina and sequential soil samples were recollected on day7, 14, and 21 from the same plots. All environmental samples were processed for Salmonella and their plasmid contents were further characterized...
August 11, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802014/flow-covariate-prediction-of-stream-pesticide-concentrations
#13
Paul L Mosquin, Jeremy Aldworth, Wenlin Chen
Potential "peak" functions (e.g., maximum rolling averages over a given duration) of annual pesticide concentrations in the aquatic environment are important exposure parameters (or target quantities) for ecological risk assessments. These target quantities require accurate concentration estimates on non-sampled days in a monitoring program. In this paper, we examine stream flow as a covariate via universal kriging to improve predictions of maximum m-day (m = 1, 7, 14, 30, 60) rolling averages and the 95(th) percentiles of atrazine concentration in streams where data were collected every 7 or 14 days...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797652/geographic-variation-in-opioid-and-heroin-involved-drug-poisoning-mortality-rates
#14
Christopher J Ruhm
INTRODUCTION: An important barrier to formulating effective policies to address the rapid rise in U.S. fatal overdoses is that the specific drugs involved are frequently not identified on death certificates. This analysis supplies improved estimates of state opioid and heroin involved drug fatality rates in 2014, and changes from 2008 to 2014. METHODS: Reported mortality rates were calculated directly from death certificates and compared to corrected rates that imputed drug involvement when no drug was specified...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794663/physician-perspectives-on-education-training-and-implementation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#15
Sejal J Patel, Kathi J Kemper, Joseph P Kitzmiller
Over recent decades, the demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has continued to rise in the US. Like the practice of traditional Western medicine, CAM is associated with not only significant health benefits but also significant risks. Unlike traditional Western medicine, however, much of CAM use is less regulated and often occurs unbeknownst to a patient's medical doctor. The use of herbals, dietary supplements, and over-the-counter (OTC) medications can result in adverse effects, and many significant interactions can occur when their use is combined with allopathic medications...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782660/evaluation-and-management-of-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#16
Rula V Kanj, Nana Ama Ofei-Tenkorang, Mekibib Altaye, Catherine M Gordon
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical features associated with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) and collect data on the evaluation and treatment received. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. Data abstracted on etiology of POI, history, laboratory evaluation, imaging results, return for clinical care, and treatment plans. SETTING: Urban children's hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio. PARTICIPANT: s: 50 females, age 11-26 years, with initial presentation of POI between January 1, 2006-December 31, 2015...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781179/injuries-and-illnesses-occurring-on-a-recreational-bicycle-tour-the-great-ohio-bicycle-adventure
#17
Thomas L Pommering, Diane C Manos, Bhavna Singichetti, Chelsea R Brown, Jingzhen Yang
OBJECTIVE: Recreational multiday cycling events have grown popular in the United States; however, little has been published regarding the injuries and illnesses that occur during these events. The objective of this study was to describe injuries and illnesses that occur in the Great Ohio Bicycle Adventure (GOBA) and to examine associated risk factors. METHODS: Injury and illness data collected from an on-site medical clinic during the 2013 and 2014 GOBA tours were merged with rider registration data for analysis...
August 3, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780738/john-p-craig-md-mph-physician-scientist-educator-and-mentor-1923-2016
#18
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778002/the-efficacy-of-combined-educational-and-site-management-actions-in-reducing-off-trail-hiking-in-an-urban-proximate-protected-area
#19
Karen S Hockett, Jeffrey L Marion, Yu-Fai Leung
Park and protected area managers are tasked with protecting natural environments, a particularly daunting challenge in heavily visited urban-proximate areas where flora and fauna are already stressed by external threats. In this study, an adaptive management approach was taken to reduce extensive off-trail hiking along a popular trail through an ecologically diverse and significant area in the Chesapeake and Ohio National Historical Park near Washington DC. Substantial amounts of off-trail hiking there had created an extensive 16...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764921/early-life-bisphenol-a-exposure-and-neurobehavior-at-8years-of-age-identifying-windows-of-heightened-vulnerability
#20
Shaina L Stacy, George D Papandonatos, Antonia M Calafat, Aimin Chen, Kimberly Yolton, Bruce P Lanphear, Joseph M Braun
BACKGROUND: Early life BPA exposure could affect neurobehavior, but few studies have investigated whether there are developmental periods when the fetus or child is more vulnerable to these potential effects. OBJECTIVES: We explored windows of vulnerability to BPA exposure in a multiethnic cohort of 228 mothers and their children from Cincinnati, Ohio. METHODS: We measured urinary BPA concentrations at up to two prenatal and six postnatal time points from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy until the child was age 8years...
July 29, 2017: Environment International
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