keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ohio

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237538/periconception-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-risk-of-congenital-malformations
#1
Sheng Ren, Erin Haynes, Eric Hall, Monir Hossain, Aimin Chen, Louis Muglia, Long Lu, Emily DeFranco
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between increased exposure to airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) during the periconception period with risk of congenital anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: Using birth certificate data from the Ohio Department of Health (2006-2010) and PM2.5 data from the US Environmental Protection Agency's 57 monitoring stations located throughout Ohio, the geographic coordinates of the mother's residence for each birth were linked to the nearest PM2...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235658/baseline-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-older-adults-seeking-care-in-ambulatory-urgent-care-clinics
#2
Bernardo J Reyes, Javier M Lopez, Diana J Galindo, Maria Briceno, Joseph G Ouslander
OBJECTIVES: To determine the most common clinical conditions associated with older adults visiting Urgent care centers (UCCs) and the potential need for further resource use. DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective study. SETTING: Nonprofit academic medical center with campuses and multiple satellite offices in Ohio and Florida. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 55 and older who visited UCCs between August 2014 and March 2015 (N = 9,445; average age 63...
December 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233426/analysis-of-pharmacy-student-motivators-and-deterrents-for-professional-organization-involvement
#3
Erin Petersen, Molly Wascher, Karen Kier
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine motivators and deterrents impacting a student pharmacist's decision to join professional organizations. The goal was to create a list of meaningful factors that organizations can use for membership recruitment. METHODS: This descriptive study utilized a blinded electronic survey sent to eight accredited pharmacy schools in Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, Indiana, Illinois, and Kentucky. The survey assessed motivating and hindering factors, as well as demographic data...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225562/varying-age-gender-associations-between-body-mass-index-and-urban-greenspace
#4
Heather A Sander, Debarchana Ghosh, Cody B Hodson
Urban greenspace benefits urbanites in numerous ways ranging from regulating flooding, air quality, and local climate to providing opportunities for exercise and relaxation. These benefits may influence human health. Greenspace, for example, may facilitate exercise, thereby helping to reduce body mass index (BMI) and combat obesity, a current epidemic of great public health concern. Little evidence exists to support this assertion, however, and we lack a full understanding of the mechanisms whereby this relationship operates, the populations for whom greenspace is linked to weight status, and the aspects of urban greenspace that are linked to weight status...
August 2017: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224221/exploring-the-associations-among-nutrition-science-and-mathematics-knowledge-for-an-integrative-food-based-curriculum
#5
Virginia C Stage, Kathryn M Kolasa, Sebastián R Díaz, Melani W Duffrin
BACKGROUND: Explore associations between nutrition, science, and mathematics knowledge to provide evidence that integrating food/nutrition education in the fourth-grade curriculum may support gains in academic knowledge. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a quasi-experimental study. Sample included 438 students in 34 fourth-grade classrooms across North Carolina and Ohio; mean age 10 years old; gender (I = 53.2% female; C = 51.6% female). Dependent variable = post-test-nutrition knowledge; independent variables = baseline-nutrition knowledge, and post-test science and mathematics knowledge...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224118/testing-the-hypothesis-of-hierarchical-predictability-in-ecological-restoration-and-succession
#6
Scott R Abella, Timothy A Schetter, Timothy L Walters
To advance predictive ecology, the hypothesis of hierarchical predictability proposes that community measures for which species are interchangeable (e.g., structure and species richness) are more predictable than measures for which species identity matters (e.g., community composition). Predictability is hypothesized to decrease for response measures in order of the following categories: structure, species richness, function, and species composition. We tested this hypothesis using a 14-year, oak savanna-prairie restoration experiment that removed non-native pine plantations at 24 sites in northwestern Ohio, USA...
December 9, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220801/assessment-of-temperature-and-ultraviolet-radiation-effects-on-sunburn-incidence-at-an-inland-u-s-beach-a-cohort-study
#7
Jason W Marion, Jiyoung Lee, James S Rosenblum, Timothy J Buckley
BACKGROUND: Increases in outdoor temperature may lead to increases in sunburn, outdoor exposure, and skin cancer in human populations. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to quantify sunburn incidence and risk for Ohio beachgoers exposed to varying outdoor conditions. METHODS: Sunburn incidence data were obtained through a prospective cohort study at East Fork Lake (Cincinnati, Ohio, USA). Recruitment occurred over 26 weekend days. Beach interviews and follow-up telephone interviews obtained exposure and health information...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198318/growth-in-spaceflight-hardware-results-in-alterations-to-the-transcriptome-and-proteome
#8
Proma Basu, Colin P S Kruse, Darron R Luesse, Sarah E Wyatt
The Biological Research in Canisters (BRIC) hardware has been used to house many biology experiments on both the Space Transport System (STS, commonly known as the space shuttle) and the International Space Station (ISS). However, microscopic examination of Arabidopsis seedlings by Johnson et al. (2015) indicated the hardware itself may affect cell morphology. The experiment herein was designed to assess the effects of the BRIC-Petri Dish Fixation Units (BRIC-PDFU) hardware on the transcriptome and proteome of Arabidopsis seedlings...
November 2017: Life Sciences in Space Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193079/statistical-modeling-of-the-case-information-from-the-ohio-attorney-general-s-sexual-assault-kit-testing-initiative
#9
Jaimie E Kerka, Derek J Heckman, James H Albert, Jon E Sprague, Lewis O Maddox
The Ohio Attorney General's Sexual Assault Kit (SAK) Testing Initiative has resulted in nearly 14,000 kits being processed since the initiation of the project in 2012. A logistic regression model was fit to the data from 2500 SAKs in order to determine the probability of obtaining at least one Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) eligible DNA profile based on a number of predictor variables. The probability of obtaining at least one CODIS eligible DNA profile from an SAK varied as a function of (i) days to kit collection following a sexual assault; (ii) years to kit submission to the laboratory for testing following kit collection; (iii) the age of the victim; and (iv) the occurrence of victim-reported consensual sex around the time of the assault and/or kit collection...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190142/biomedical-science-undergraduate-major-a-new-pathway-to-advance-research-and-the-health-professions
#10
John S Gunn, Cynthia H Ledford, Steven J Mousetes, Michael R Grever
PROBLEM: Many students entering professional degree programs, particularly M.D., Ph.D., and M.D./Ph.D., are not well prepared regarding the breadth of scientific knowledge required, communication skills, research experience, reading and understanding the scientific literature, and significant shadowing (for M.D.-related professions). In addition, physician scientists are a needed and necessary part of the academic research environment but are dwindling in numbers. INTERVENTION: In response to predictions of critical shortages of clinician investigators and the lack of proper preparation as undergraduates for these professions, the Biomedical Science (BMS) undergraduate major was created at The Ohio State University to attract incoming college freshmen with interests in scientific research and the healthcare professions...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187961/host-size-influences-the-effects-of-four-isolates-of-an-amphibian-chytrid-fungus
#11
Angela K Burrow, Samantha L Rumschlag, Michelle D Boone
Understanding factors that influence host-pathogen interactions is key to predicting outbreaks in natural systems experiencing environmental change. Many amphibian population declines have been attributed to an amphibian chytrid fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). While this fungus is widespread, not all Bd-positive populations have been associated with declines, which could be attributed to differences in pathogen virulence or host susceptibility. In a laboratory experiment, we examined the effects of Bd isolate origin, two from areas with Bd-associated amphibian population declines (El Copé, Panama, and California, USA) and two from areas without Bd-related population declines (Ohio and Maine, USA), on the terrestrial growth and survival of American toad (Anaxyrus americanus) metamorphs reared in larval environments with low or high intraspecific density...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181084/clinical-pharmacogenomics-patient-perspectives-of-pharmacogenomic-testing-and-the-incidence-of-actionable-test-results-in-a-chronic-disease-cohort
#12
Chandrama Mukherjee, Kevin M Sweet, Jasmine A Luzum, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Michael F Christman, Joseph P Kitzmiller
Aim: This study aimed to examine pharmacogenomic test results and patient perspectives at an academic cardiovascular medicine clinic. Patients & methods: Test results for three common cardiovascular drug-gene tests (warfarin-CYP2C9-VKORC1, clopidogrel-CYP2C19 and simvastatin-SLCO1B1) of 208 patients in the Ohio State University-Coriell Personalized Medicine Collaborative were examined to determine the incidence of potentially actionable test results. A post-hoc, anonymous, patient survey was also conducted...
September 2017: Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180189/impact-of-triage-guidelines-on-prehospital-triage-comparison-of-guidelines-with-a-statistical-model
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Priti P Parikh, Pratik Parikh, Bradley Guthrie, Logan Mamer, Melissa Whitmill, Timothy Erskine, Randy Woods, Jonathan Saxe
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons developed the National Field Triage Decision Scheme (NFTDS) that has been adapted by many trauma centers in the nation, but quantitative evidence of its efficacy is unclear. We compare the NFTDS and state of Ohio guidelines to the "observed" rates and with rates derived using a statistical model. METHODS: We used 4757 trauma records from 2008-2012 available from the state and calculated undertriage (UT) and overtriage (OT) rates...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180149/identifying-motivators-and-barriers-to-student-completion-of-instructor-evaluations-a-multi-faceted-collaborative-approach-from-four-colleges-of-pharmacy
#14
James W McAuley, Jennifer Lynn Backo, Kristen Finley Sobota, Anne H Metzger, Timothy Ulbrich
OBJECTIVE: To identify motivators and barriers to pharmacy student completion of instructor evaluations, and to develop potential strategies to improve the evaluation process. METHODS: Completed at four Ohio Colleges of Pharmacy, Phase I consisted of a student/faculty survey and Phase II consisted of joint student/faculty focus groups to discuss Phase I data and to problem solve. RESULTS: In Phase I, the top three student-identified and faculty-perceived motivators to completion of evaluations were to (1) make the course better, (2) earn bonus points, and (3) improve the instructor's teaching...
January 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178464/perceptions-and-opinions-of-pet-owners-in-the-united-sates-about-surgery-pain-management-and-anesthesia-in-dogs-and-cats
#15
Bradley T Simon, Elizabeth M Scallan, Dirsko J F Von Pfeil, Daniel T Boruta, Rick Wall, Belle M Nibblett, O Odette, Guy Beauchamp, Paulo V Steagall
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pet owners' perceptions and understanding of surgical pain, perioperative pain management, and anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective owner survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: Eight veterinary hospitals each provided 200 surveys for distribution to pet owners. METHODS: A survey evaluated owners' perceptions and opinions related to surgical pain, perioperative pain management, anesthesia in dogs and cats, and owner demographics (sex, age, education, employment, previous surgical experience, and pet ownership) in 8 regions of the United States (Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Oregon, Ohio, Texas, Washington, DC)...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177798/predicting-the-risk-of-cucurbit-downy-mildew-in-the-eastern-united-states-using-an-integrated-aerobiological-model
#16
K N Neufeld, A P Keinath, B K Gugino, M T McGrath, E J Sikora, S A Miller, M L Ivey, D B Langston, B Dutta, T Keever, A Sims, P S Ojiambo
Cucurbit downy mildew caused by the obligate oomycete, Pseudoperonospora cubensis, is considered one of the most economically important diseases of cucurbits worldwide. In the continental United States, the pathogen overwinters in southern Florida and along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Outbreaks of the disease in northern states occur annually via long-distance aerial transport of sporangia from infected source fields. An integrated aerobiological modeling system has been developed to predict the risk of disease occurrence and to facilitate timely use of fungicides for disease management...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176511/payer-policy-behavior-towards-opioid-pharmacotherapy-treatment-in-ohio
#17
Todd Molfenter, Carol Sherbeck, Sandy Starr, Jee-Seon Kim, Mark Zehner, Andrew Quanbeck, Nora Jacobson, Dennis McCarty
OBJECTIVE: Few studies examine how payers address the need for improved access to pharmacotherapy for opioid use disorders and the influence of environmental variables on access to opioid agonist and antagonist medications. METHOD: The 52 Ohio Addiction Drug Abuse and Mental Health Services (ADAMHS) Boards that disburse funds for treatment services for the uninsured and underinsured were surveyed to assess coverage for opioid agonist and antagonist treatment medications...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174147/predicting-nutrient-digestibility-in-high-producing-dairy-cows
#18
R A de Souza, R J Tempelman, M S Allen, W P Weiss, J K Bernard, M J VandeHaar
Our objective was to determine the effects of dry matter intake (DMI), body weight (BW), and diet characteristics on total tract digestibilities of dry matter, neutral detergent fiber, and starch (DMD, NDFD, and StarchD, respectively) in high-producing dairy cows. Our database was composed of 1,942 observations from 662 cows in 54 studies from Michigan, Ohio, and Georgia. On average, cows ate 23 ± 4.5 kg of dry matter/d, weighed 669 ± 79 kg, and produced 38 ± 10 kg of milk/d. Diets were 31 ± 5% neutral detergent fiber, 27 ± 6% starch, 2...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172877/frequent-drug-use-and-negative-employment-outcomes-among-the-criminally-active
#19
Paul E Bellair, Mike Vuolo, Eric G LaPlant
BACKGROUND: Employment is a central component of economic independence and is widely viewed as an essential element of social control. Whether frequent drug use reduces the likelihood of employment or obstructs hours worked, wages, and job commitment is therefore an important question about which there remains uncertainty. METHODS: We improve on shortcomings of prior research through a monthly within-person analysis of a population at high-risk of both drug use and poor employment outcomes...
November 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170572/use-of-research-evidence-and-implementation-of-evidence-based-practices-in-youth-serving-systems
#20
Lawrence A Palinkas, Lisa Saldana, Chih-Ping Chou, Patricia Chamberlain
Although the effectiveness of interventions for prevention and treatment of mental health and behavioral problems in abused and neglected youth is demonstrated through the accumulation of evidence through rigorous and systematic research, it is uncertain whether use of research evidence (URE) by child-serving systems leaders increases the likelihood of evidence- based practice (EBP) implementation and sustainment. Information on URE was collected from 151 directors and senior administrators of child welfare, mental health and juvenile justice systems in 40 California and 11 Ohio counties participating in an RCT of the use of community development teams (CDTs) to scale up implementation of Treatment Foster Care Oregon over a 3 year period (2010-12)...
September 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
keyword
keyword
1562
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"