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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225371/measurement-of-perceived-stress-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#1
Bradley E Dougherty, San-San L Cooley, Frederick H Davidorf
PURPOSE: To validate the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using Rasch analysis. METHODS: Study participants with AMD were recruited from the retina service of the Department of Ophthalmology at the Ohio State University during clinical visits for treatment or observation. Visual acuity with habitual distance correction was assessed. A 10-item version of the PSS was administered in large print or by reading the items to the patient...
March 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223159/ambient-geothermal-hydrogen-sulfide-exposure-and-peripheral-neuropathy
#2
Karl Pope, Yuen T So, Julian Crane, Michael N Bates
The mechanism of toxicity of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas is thought mainly to operate through effects on the nervous system. The gas has high acute toxicity, but whether chronic exposure causes effects, including peripheral neuropathy, is yet unclear. The city of Rotorua, New Zealand, sits on an active geothermal field and the population has some of the highest measured ambient H2S exposures. A previous study in Rotorua provided evidence that H2S is associated with peripheral neuropathy. Using clinical methods, the present study sought to investigate and possibly confirm this association in the Rotorua population...
February 13, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220620/prevalence-of-ampc-and-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-harbouring-enterobacteriaceae-in-faecal-flora-of-a-healthy-domestic-canine-population
#3
D A Mathys, D F Mollenkopf, C A Bremer, J B Daniels, T E Wittum
In order to estimate the prevalence of AmpC- and ESBL β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the faecal flora of a healthy domestic canine population, faecal samples were obtained from healthy dogs receiving routine parasitology screening at the Ohio State University Veterinary Medical Center, between January 2013 and April 2013. Samples were screened for the presence of AmpC and ESBL β-lactamase phenotypes, and the clinically important genotypes, blaCMY and blaCTX-M , were confirmed via conventional PCR...
February 20, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215375/challenges-and-lessons-learned-from-a-prevention-research-center-partnership
#4
EDITORIAL
Lesley Cottrell, Karen Northrup, Richard Wittberg
For more than a decade, the West Virginia Prevention Research Center, Mid-Ohio Valley Health Department, and the Wood County Schools have built and sustained a partnership to reduce health disparities and promote population health. Specifically, this partnership has contributed significantly to the peer-reviewed literature on children's physical activity, fitness, and academic achievement, as well as identifying possible areas for physical activity interventions (within the school and community settings) that would improve health and academic outcomes...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209392/transfer-of-do-not-resuscitate-orders-to-the-emergency-department-from-extended-care-facilities
#5
Colleen M McQuown, Jennifer A Frey, Ahmad Amireh, Ali Chaudhary
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: With an elderly and chronically ill patient population visiting the emergency department, it is important to know patients' wishes regarding care preferences and advanced directives. Ohio law states DNR orders must be transported with the patient when they leave an extended care facility (ECF). We reviewed the charts of ECF patients to evaluate which patients presenting to the ED had their DNR status recognized by the physician and DNR orders that were made during their hospital stay...
February 4, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196649/diabetes-control-and-the-risks-of-esrd-and-mortality-in%C3%A2-patients%C3%A2-with-ckd
#6
Sankar D Navaneethan, Jesse D Schold, Stacey E Jolly, Susana Arrigain, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer, Joseph V Nally
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and a significant contributor to mortality in the general population. We examined the associations of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels with ESRD and death in a population with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 6,165 patients with diabetes (treated with oral hypoglycemic agents and/or insulin) and CKD stages 1 to 5 at a large health care system...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196458/service-use-in-the-month-and-year-prior-to-suicide-among-adults-enrolled-in-ohio-medicaid
#7
Cynthia A Fontanella, Lynn A Warner, Danielle L Hiance-Steelesmith, Helen Anne Sweeney, Jeffrey A Bridge, Richard McKeon, John V Campo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to inform suicide prevention efforts by estimating the incidence of suicide among adult Medicaid enrollees and describing clinical profiles and service utilization patterns among decedents. METHODS: Death certificate data for adults (N=1,338) ages 19 to 65 who died by suicide between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2013, were linked with Ohio Medicaid data. RESULTS: The suicide rate was 18.9 deaths per 100,000 Ohio Medicaid enrollees...
February 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195954/test-retest-reliability-of-traumatic-brain-injury-outcome-measures-a-traumatic-brain-injury-model-systems-study
#8
Jennifer A Bogner, Gale G Whiteneck, Jessica MacDonald, Shannon B Juengst, Allen W Brown, Angela M Philippus, Jennifer H Marwitz, Jeannie Lengenfelder, Dave Mellick, Patricia Arenth, John D Corrigan
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the test-retest reliability of measures that comprise the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems follow-up data set. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 224 persons with a moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) enrolled in the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems National Database. DESIGN: Following standard administration of the follow-up interview, a second interview was administered 14 to 28 days later using the same interviewer and the same mode of administration...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187624/new-species-of-i-hammerschmidtiella-i-chitwood-1932-and-i-blattophila-i-cobb-1920-and-new-geographical-records-for-i-severianoia-i-i-annamensis-i-van-luc-amp-spiridonov-1993-nematoda-oxyurida-thelastomatoidea-from-cockroaches-insecta-blattaria-in-ohio-and-florida
#9
Ramon A Carreno
Two new species of thelastomatid nematodes parasitic in the hindgut of cockroaches are described. Hammerschmidtiella keeneyi n. sp. is described from a laboratory colony of Diploptera punctata (Eschscholtz, 1822) from a facility in Ohio, U. S. A. This species is characterized by having females with a short tail and males smaller than those described from other species. The new species also differs from others in the genus by a number of differing measurements that indicate a distinct identity, including esophageal, tail, and egg lengths as well as the relative position of the excretory pore...
January 26, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187073/prolonged-preoperative-opioid-therapy-in-patients-with-degenerative-lumbar-stenosis-in-a-workers-compensation-setting
#10
Erik Y Tye, Joshua Anderson, Mhamad Faour, Arnold Haas, Rick Percy, Stephen T Woods, Uri M Ahn, Nicholas Ahn
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To investigate the impact of prolonged opioid use in the preoperative treatment plan of degenerative lumbar stenosis (DLS) SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Patients undergoing operative treatment for DLS with concomitant opioid use represent a clinically challenging population. The relative paucity of data on the relationship between preoperative opioid use and clinical outcomes in the Workers' compensation (WC) population necessitates further study of this unique population...
February 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181686/the-effect-of-a-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-ar-42-on-canine-prostate-cancer-growth-and-metastasis
#11
Said M Elshafae, Nicole A Kohart, Lucas A Altstadt, Wessel P Dirksen, Thomas J Rosol
BACKGROUND: Canine prostate cancer (PCa) is an excellent preclinical model for human PCa. AR-42 is a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) developed at The Ohio State University that inhibits the proliferation of several cancers, including multiple myeloma, lung, and hepatocellular cancer. In this study, we investigated whether AR-42 would prevent or decrease. The growth and metastasis of a canine PCa (Ace-1 cells) to bone in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Proliferation, cell viability, invasion, and metastasis of a canine prostate cancer cell line (Ace-1) were measured following treatment with AR-42...
February 9, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178048/relocation-of-obstetrician-gynecologists-in-the-united-states-2005-2015
#12
Imam M Xierali, Marc A Nivet, William F Rayburn
OBJECTIVE: To examine recent trends in the relocation of obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) in the United States. METHODS: This longitudinal descriptive study analyzed relocation patterns of ob-gyns between the earliest reference point (2005) and most recently (2015). A physician's county location in a year was compared with his or her location during the previous year. Physician background and county characteristics came from three data resources (Association of American Medical Colleges databases, American Medical Association Physician Masterfile, American Community Survey)...
February 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167514/pediatric-exposures-to-veterinary-pharmaceuticals
#13
Suzanne Tomasi, Kristin J Roberts, Jason Stull, Henry A Spiller, Lara B McKenzie
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of veterinary pharmaceutical-related exposures to children based on calls to a regional poison control center. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of pediatric (≤19 years of age) exposures to pharmaceutical products intended for animal use, managed by a regional poison control center from 1999 through 2013, was conducted. Case narratives were reviewed and coded for exposure-related circumstances and intended species. Descriptive statistics were generated...
February 6, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167005/acute-care-revisits-after-adenotonsillectomy-in-a-pediatric-medicaid-population-in-ohio
#14
Dmitry Tumin, Hina Walia, Vidya T Raman, Joseph D Tobias
INTRODUCTION: Guidelines for inpatient admission after pediatric tonsillectomy have been proposed to improve the safety of this procedure. This study examined the association between performing adenotonsillectomy in an inpatient setting and acute care revisits within 30 days among children enrolled in a Medicaid Accountable Care Organization in Ohio. METHODS: The Accountable Care Organization's claims database was queried for adenotonsillectomies performed in children ages 0-18 years in 2008-2014...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165890/enterobacteriaceae-harboring-ampc-blacmy-and-esbl-blactx-m-in-migratory-and-nonmigratory-wild-songbird-populations-on-ohio-dairies
#15
Dimitria A Mathys, Blake A Mathys, Dixie F Mollenkopf, Joshua B Daniels, Thomas E Wittum
Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) confer bacterial resistance to critically important antimicrobials, including extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESCs). Livestock are important reservoirs for the zoonotic food-borne transmission of ESC-resistant enteric bacteria. Our aim is to describe the potential role of migratory and resident wild birds in the epidemiology of ESBL-mediated bacterial resistance on dairy farms. Using mist nets, we sampled wild migratory and resident birds either immediately adjacent to or 600 ft away from free-stall barns on three Ohio dairy farms during the 2014 and 2015 spring migrations...
February 6, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161140/recurrent-low-grade-serous-ovarian-cancer-in-a-20-year-old-woman-a-case-from-the-ohio-state-university-college-of-medicine
#16
David E Cohn, Floor J Backes, John J Wallbillich, Kristin Bixel, Sarah M Crafton, Robert Neff, Adam C ElNaggar, Blair Smith, Adrian A Suarez
A 20 year old with recurrent low-grade serous carcinoma (LGSC) is discussed. The differential diagnosis, pathology, epidemiology, treatment options are discussed. Focus on the molecular pathways of LGSC and the implications of the diagnosis on fertility are highlighted.
March 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159731/a-prospective-multicenter-single-blind-study-assessing-indices-of-snap-ii-versus-bis-vista-on-surgical-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia
#17
Sergio D Bergese, Alberto A Uribe, Erika G Puente, R-Jay L Marcus, Randall J Krohn, Steven Docsa, Roy G Soto, Keith A Candiotti
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, anesthesiologists have relied on nonspecific subjective and objective physical signs to assess patients' comfort level and depth of anesthesia. Commercial development of electrical monitors, which use low- and high-frequency electroencephalogram (EEG) signals, have been developed to enhance the assessment of patients' level of consciousness. Multiple studies have shown that monitoring patients' consciousness levels can help in reducing drug consumption, anesthesia-related adverse events, and recovery time...
February 3, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158883/factors-associated-with-routine-recommendation-of-mammography-for-women-aged-40-49-provider-characteristics-and-screening-influences
#18
Kathryn A Martinez, Abhishek Deshpande, Allison L Ruff, Shari D Bolen, Kathryn Teng, Michael B Rothberg
OBJECTIVES: Despite the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation against screening mammography in women younger than 50 years, rates remain high, suggesting that screening recommendations may be motivated by other factors. The objective of this study was to understand provider-reported influences on screening recommendations for women 40 to 49 years old at average risk for breast cancer. METHODS: An online survey of primary care providers was conducted at four health centers in Cleveland, Ohio in 2015...
February 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156623/a-quality-improvement-approach-to-oncologist-referrals-for-hospice-care
#19
(no author information available yet)
: 45 Background: Cancer patients frequently experience short lengths of service in home hospice care. METHODS: The Oncology Clinical Guidance Council, composed of medical, surgical, gynecological and radiation oncologists sets standards of care for the OhioHealth system serving central Ohio. The Council was polled for consensus on how long a cancer patient should be enrolled in hospice care. Then, median length of stay of patients referred by 18 medical oncologists from their offices to OhioHealth hospice for calendar year 2014 were obtained...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143816/promoting-the-aps-chapter-program-by-sharing-its-history-best-practices-and-how-to-guide-for-establishing-new-chapters
#20
Mari K Hopper
Early establishment of physiological societies in Oklahoma and Ohio demonstrated the benefits of networking physiologists and paved the way for establishing the APS Chapter Program. Designed to promote the general objectives of the APS, the Chapter Program was officially launched in 1995, with Ohio being the first recognized chapter. There are 13 active chapters regularly engaged in numerous activities designed to advance physiology education and research. In the hopes that others will recognize the important offerings of state chapters and consider organizing one, the aims for this paper are to 1) share a brief history, 2) provide rationale for chapter initiation, and 3) describe the process involved in establishing a chapter...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
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