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Differential Regurgitation Fraction

Hui-Li Zhang, Shou-Jun Li, Xu Wang, Jun Yan, Zhong-Dong Hua
BACKGROUND: Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery (LCA) from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rather rare congenital anomaly that has a profound effect on heart function. This study aimed to retrospectively illustrate the perioperative clinical features, therapy experience, and midterm outcomes after surgical correction, and to determine the value of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and myocardial viability in differentiating critically ill patients among infants and children with ALCAPA...
December 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
Lucian Lozonschi, Takushi Kohmoto, Satoru Osaki, Nilto C De Oliveira, Ravi Dhingra, Shahab A Akhter, Paul C Tang
Background We aimed to examine the efficacy of surgical revascularization with respect to improvement in ventricular function and survival in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and poor left ventricular function. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the data of 429 patients (median age 64.6 years, 81.1% male) with ejection fractions <40% undergoing isolated primary coronary artery bypass grafting from 2000 to 2016. Techniques included on-pump cardioplegic arrest ( n = 312), off-pump ( n = 75), and on-pump beating heart ( n = 42)...
November 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
M Lankeit, K Keller, C Tschöpe, B Pieske
The vast majority of tricuspid valve regurgitations are of low degree without prognostic relevance in healthy individuals; however, morbidity and mortality increase with the degree of regurgitation, which can be secondary to either primary (structural) or secondary (functional) alterations of the valve. Due to the frequent lack of symptoms, echocardiographic examinations should be annually performed in patients with higher degree (at least moderate) tricuspid valve regurgitation, in particular in the presence of risk factors...
November 2017: Herz
Sujoy Phookan, Patrick T Strickland, Bishoy Hanna, Gregory R Hartlage, Ankit Parikh, Stephen D Clements
The differential diagnosis of a lateral neck mass includes a number of possible etiologies. While jugular venous aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms are rare entities, they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a pulsatile lateral neck mass. We present a case of an idiopathic jugular venous pseudoaneurysm and its association with worsening tricuspid regurgitation in a patient with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.
2017: Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
Fan Ma, Kaiyu Zhou, Xiaoqing Shi, Xiaoqing Wang, Yi Zhang, Yifei Li, Yimin Hua, Chuan Wang
INTRODUCTION: Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare but severe congenital cardiac malformation. The prognosis mainly depends on the early and accurate diagnosis and treatment. However, without a typical and specific clinical manifestation in early stage, ALCAPA has a higher rate of false initial diagnosis. DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC PROCEDURE: Three infants with impaired left ventricle (LV) function, LV enlargement, mitral valve regurgitation (MR), and LV endocardium thickness were initially diagnosed as endocardial fibroelastosis (EFE)...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sophie Mavrogeni, Vasiliki Katsi, Vasiliki Vartela, Michel Noutsias, George Markousis-Mavrogenis, Genovefa Kolovou, Athanasios Manolis
BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension is the commonest cause of cardiovascular death. It may lead to hypertensive heart disease (HHD), including heart failure (HF), ischemic heart disease (IHD) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). MAIN BODY: According to the 2007 ESH/ESC guidelines, the recommended imaging technique is echocardiography (echo), when a more sensitive detection of LVH than that provided by ECG, is needed. Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR), a non-invasive, non-radiating technique, offers the following advantages, beyond echo: a) more reliable and reproducible measurements of cardiac parameters such as volumes, ejection fraction and cardiac mass b) more accurate differentiation of LVH etiology by providing information about tissue characterisation c) more accurate evaluation of myocardial ischemia, specifically if small vessels disease is present d) technique of choice for diagnosis of renovascular, aortic tree/branches lesions and quantification of aortic valve regurgitation e) technique of choice for treatment evaluation in clinical trials...
May 23, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Yossra Mahran, Robert Schueler, Marcel Weber, Carmen Pizarro, Georg Nickenig, Dirk Skowasch, Christoph Hammerstingl
AIM: To find parameters from transthorathic echocardiography (TTE) including speckle-tracking (ST) analysis of the right ventricle (RV) to identify precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS: Forty-four patients with suspected PH undergoing right heart catheterization (RHC) were consecutively included (mean age 63.1 ± 14 years, 61% male gender). All patients underwent standardized TTE including ST analysis of the RV. Based on the subsequent TTE-derived measurements, the presence of PH was assessed: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was calculated by Simpsons rule from 4Ch...
August 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
Puja Sitwala, Ashraf Abusara, Vatsal Ladia, Vatsal Ladia, Hemang B Panchal, Charles Raudat, Timir K Paul
Unicuspid aortic valve (UAV), which is a rare congenital anomaly, usually presents as aortic stenosis and/or aortic regurgitation. Here we present a case of UAV co-existent with an ascending aortic aneurysm. A 26-year-old male with no significant past medical history presented to the hospital after two episodes of syncope. Transthoracic echocardiogram showed an ejection fraction of 62%, severely stenotic aortic valve, and moderate aortic regurgitation. Computed tomography revealed calcification of the aortic valve, compatible with aortic stenosis and aneurysm of the ascending aorta measuring 4...
March 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
Atsuko Kato, Christian Drolet, Shi-Joon Yoo, Andrew N Redington, Lars Grosse-Wortmann
BACKGROUND: The left pulmonary artery (LPA) contributes more than the right (RPA) to total pulmonary regurgitation (PR) in patients after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair, but the mechanism of this difference is not well understood. This study aimed to analyze the interplay between heart and lung size, mediastinal geometry, and differential PR. METHODS: Forty-eight Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) studies in patients after TOF repair were analyzed. In addition to the routine blood flow and ventricular volume quantification cardiac angle between the thoracic anterior-posterior line and the interventricular septum, right and left lung areas as well as right and left hemithorax areas were measured on an axial image...
June 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Puja Sitwala Md, Ashraf Abusara Md, Vatsal Ladia Md, Vatsal Ladia Md, Hemang B Panchal Md, Charles Raudat DO, Timir K Paul Md
Unicuspid aortic valve (UAV), which is a rare congenital anomaly, usually presents as aortic stenosis and/or aortic regurgitation. Here we present a case of UAV co-existent with an ascending aortic aneurysm. A 26-year-old male with no significant past medical history presented to the hospital after two episodes of syncope. Transthoracic echocardiogram showed an ejection fraction of 62%, severely stenotic aortic valve, and moderate aortic regurgitation. Computed tomography revealed calcification of the aortic valve, compatible with aortic stenosis and aneurysm of the ascending aorta measuring 4...
March 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
David H MacIver, Andrew L Clark
The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the clinical phenotype of sarcomeric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are controversial. The development of cardiac hypertrophy in hypertension and aortic stenosis is usually described as a compensatory mechanism that normalizes wall stress. We suggest that an important abnormality in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is reduced contractile stress (the force per unit area) generated by myocardial tissue secondary to abnormalities such as cardiomyocyte disarray. In turn, a progressive deterioration in contractile stress provokes worsening hypertrophy and disarray...
September 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
Sheng Cao, Qing Zhou, Jin-Ling Chen, Bo Hu, Rui-Qiang Guo
PURPOSE: To evaluate left atrial (LA) function in patients with ischemic (ICM) or idiopathic dilated (DCM) cardiomyopathy via two-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging. METHODS: We measured the LA maximum volume, minimum volume, and volume before the atrial systole, and calculated total emptying volume, expansion index, active emptying volume, and fraction. We measured strain and strain rate during systole and late diastole using two-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging, and analyzed correlations between variables...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Michael R Joynt, Sunkyung Yu, Adam L Dorfman, Maryam Ghadimi Mahani, Prachi P Agarwal, Jimmy C Lu
Patients with repaired pulmonary stenosis (PS) or tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) both develop pulmonary regurgitation (PR) leading to right ventricular (RV) dilatation and dysfunction. We aimed to characterize differential effects of chronic PR in these populations. Patients with surgically repaired PS were matched 1:2 by age and PR fraction with patients with TOF. Patients with previous pulmonary valve replacement were excluded. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance data were compared; peak longitudinal and circumferential systolic strain by feature tracking were compared to evaluate differential contribution of the RV sinus and outflow tract, respectively...
January 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Qiong Yao, Xi-Hong Hu, Quan-Li Shen, Zhong-Wei Qiao, Mi-Er Pa, Bin Qian, Wei-Li Yan, Guo-Ying Huang
We aimed to compare the diagnostic value of indexed right ventricular end-diastolic volume (RVEDVi) and the ratio of right ventricle volume to left ventricle volume (RV/LV ratio) in prediction of the severity of pulmonary regurgitation (PR) expressed as the PR fraction (PRF) after surgery of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Forty-one patients with repaired TOF were included in the study. RVEDVi, LVEDVi, RV/LV ratio, PRF and ejection fraction were measured with magnetic resonance imaging. A PRF of more than 20% was considered significant...
2016: Cardiology
Azza Abdel Gawad Tantawy, Amira Abdel Moneam Adly, Eman Abdel Rahman Ismail, Omneya Ibrahim Youssef, Mohamed ElSayed Ali
BACKGROUND: Heart disease is the leading cause of mortality and one of the main causes of morbidity in β-thalassemia. Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), a member of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily, is a marker of ineffective erythropoiesis in several anemias. AIM: To determine GDF-15 levels in children and adolescents with TI and the relation to hemolysis, iron overload and cardiovascular complications. METHODS: GDF-15 was measured in 35 TI patients without symptoms for heart disease and correlated to echocardiographic parameters and carotid intima media thickness (CIMT)...
August 2015: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
Sung Min Ko, Jeong Hee Park, Je Kyoun Shin, Jun Suk Kim
BACKGROUND: Regurgitant orifice area (ROA) measurements by cardiac CT have not been compared with a quantitative classification of aortic regurgitation (AR) severity based on regurgitant fraction by phase-contrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance (PC-CMR). OBJECTIVES: To compare ROA using dual-source CT (DSCT) with the grade of AR using PC-CMR for obtaining the cutoff values of the ROA allowing for grading of AR severity. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 208 patients (81 women, mean age 53...
July 2015: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Thomas M Gorter, Joost P van Melle, Hendrik G Freling, Tjark Ebels, Beatrijs Bartelds, Petronella G Pieper, Rolf M F Berger, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Tineke P Willems
In the assessment of pulmonary regurgitation (PR) using phase contrast MRI, phase offset errors affect the accuracy of flow. This study evaluated the use of automated background correction for phase offset in the quantification of PR fraction and volume in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), and to assess its clinical impact. We retrospectively analyzed 203 cardiac MRI studies, performed on 1.5-T scanner. Pulmonary flow (Q(P)) and systemic flow (Q(S)) was assessed both with and without background correction...
August 2015: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
V Dornberger, H D Dittrich, R Busch
Assessment of the left ventricular ejection fraction plays a key role in the echocardiographic diagnosis of heart failure. The parameter most commonly used is the ejection fraction computed with the biplane disc summation method of Simpson; however, there are numerous limitations to this method, such as the assumption of geometrical symmetry, a substantial intraobserver and interobserver variability, foreshortening of the left ventricle and insufficient image quality for endocardial tracking. Alternative parameters for the evaluation of left ventricular function should be taken into consideration...
April 2015: Herz
Shokoufeh Hajsadeghi, Niloufar Samiee, Seyyed Saied Hosseini, Morteza Hassanzadeh, Scott Reza Jafarian Kerman
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is among the most serious complications of myocardial infarction which doubles the late mortality; mainly treated by undersizing ring annuloplasty. To find some preoperative echocardiographic indices that predict immediate failure of mitral valve annuloplasty (MVA), we designed the present study with more focusing on some novel parameters. METHOD: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) indices of consecutive patients referred with 3+ or 4+ IMR were registered 24 hours before surgery...
September 2015: Echocardiography
Kenya Kusunose, Paul C Cremer, Rayji S Tsutsui, Richard A Grimm, James D Thomas, Brian P Griffin, Zoran B Popović
OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesized that regurgitation severity, as determined by using the regurgitant volume index, would better delineate differential cardiac dysfunction in asymptomatic patients with moderate to severe aortic regurgitation (AR) and mitral regurgitation (MR). BACKGROUND: Frequent surveillance echocardiography is considered appropriate in asymptomatic patients with moderate to severe AR and MR. However, the evidence to support this practice and to define the appropriate frequency is limited...
January 2015: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
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