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Ecg ratio wave

Hooman Kamel, Traci M Bartz, Mitchell S V Elkind, Peter M Okin, Evan L Thacker, Kristen K Patton, Phyllis K Stein, Christopher R deFilippi, Rebecca F Gottesman, Susan R Heckbert, Richard A Kronmal, Elsayed Z Soliman, W T Longstreth
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Emerging evidence suggests that an underlying atrial cardiopathy may result in thromboembolism before atrial fibrillation (AF) develops. We examined the association between various markers of atrial cardiopathy and the risk of ischemic stroke. METHODS: The CHS (Cardiovascular Health Study) prospectively enrolled community-dwelling adults ≥65 years of age. For this study, we excluded participants diagnosed with stroke or AF before baseline...
March 13, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Lidija Poposka, Vladimir Boskov, Dejan Risteski, Jane Taleski, Filip Janusevski, Elizabeta Srbinovska, Ljubica Georgievska-Ismail
INTRODUCTION: Although strict selection criteria are used to select patients for cardiac resynchronisation therapy, up to 30% of patients do not have a positive clinical response. PATIENTS: A total of 102 consecutive patients who had biventricular pacemaker/defibrillator (CRT-P or CRT-D) implanted were enrolled in this prospective observational study. RESULTS: During the average follow-up period of 24.3 months 5 patients died and 17 (16.7%) patients were hospitalised with the symptoms of heart failure; 75 (73...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Syeda Sara Batool Hamdani, Huma Arshad Cheema, Anjum Saeed, Hassan Suleman Malik, Tayaba Sehar
BACKGROUND: Wilson disease (WD) is one of the most common metabolic liver diseases in older children. It has a strong genetic background with autosomal recessive inheritance. WD is a multisystem disorder with predominant hepatic and neurological manifestations and variable age of presentation. The data on cardiac manifestations in children is very limited and only few adult studies are available in the literature. This study was planned to determine the frequency and spectrum of Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in pediatric WD...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Wenjiao Zhao, Guihua Lu, Li Liu, Zhishan Sun, Mingxin Wu, Wenyan Yi, Haiyan Chen, Yanhui Li, Lilong Tang, Jianping Zeng
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the use of the standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) with the SAN-Atrial-AVN-His (SAAH) ECG (Model PHS-A10), a new automated and integrated signals recognition system that detects micro-waveforms within the P, QRS, and T-wave, in a pig model of acute myocardial infarction (MI). MATERIAL AND METHODS Six medium-sized domestic Chinese pigs underwent general anesthesia, and an angioplasty balloon was placed and dilated for 120 minutes in the first diagonal coronary artery arising from the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery...
March 4, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Alba Martin-Yebra, Violeta Monasterio, Iwona Cygankiewicz, Antoni Bayes-de-Luna, Enrico G Caiani, Pablo Laguna, Juan Pablo Martinez
OBJECTIVE: We proposed and evaluated a method for correcting possible phase shifts provoked by the presence of ventricular premature contractions (VPCs) for a better assessment of T-wave alternans (TWA). Methods: First, we synthesized ECG signals with artificial TWA in the presence of different noise sources. Then, we assessed the prognostic value for sudden cardiac death (SCD) of the long-term average of TWA amplitude (the index of average alternans, ) in ambulatory ECG signals from congestive heart failure (CHF) and evaluated whether it is sensitive to the presence of VPCs...
March 2018: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Wail Ali, Beth A Bubolz, Linh Nguyen, Danny Castro, Jorge Coss-Bu, Michael M Quach, Curtis E Kennedy, Anne E Anderson, Yi-Chen Lai
Objective: Convulsive status epilepticus can exert profound cardiovascular effects in adults including ventricular depolarization-repolarization abnormalities. Whether status epilepticus adversely affects ventricular electrical properties in children is less understood. Therefore, we sought to characterize ventricular alterations and the associated clinical factors in children following convulsive status epilepticus. Methods: We conducted a 2-year retrospective, case-control study...
December 2017: Epilepsia open
Evgeny Shkolnik, Greta Burneikaite, Jelena Celutkiene, Mikhail Scherbak, Gitana Zuoziene, Birute Petrauskiene, Ekaterina Trush, Aleksandras Laucevicius, Yury Vasyuk
OBJECTIVE: Despite revascularization and optimal medical treatment (OMT), patients with angina often have a reduced quality of life due to inadequate relief from symptoms. Recent studies have shown that the application of shock waves may reduce angina symptoms and improve quality of life, exercise capacity, and myocardial perfusion due to the stimulation of angiogenesis. However, there is limited evidence due to small, single-arm, single-center studies of low to moderate quality. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of cardiac shock wave therapy (CSWT) on exercise tolerance and angina symptoms in patients with coronary artery disease and objective evidence of myocardial ischemia who cannot undergo traditional revascularization and experience angina despite OMT in comparison to sham procedure...
February 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Kaveh Tabrizian, Hamideh Khodayari, Ramin Rezaee, Hosseinali Jahantigh, Gholamreza Bagheri, Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Mahmoud Hashemzaei
Carbon monoxide (CO), a toxic gas produced via incomplete fossil fuel combustion, has several poisonous effects in the heart including induction of necrosis, apoptosis, and electrocardiogram (ECG) changes. Magnesium sulfate (MS) is a drug with cardioprotective effects especially when used after ischemia/reperfusion. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate MS cardioprotective effects following CO poisoning. Animals were exposed to CO 3000 ppm for 1 h and immediately after the exposure period and on the next 4 days (a total of 5 consecutive doses given on a daily basis), MS (75, 150 and 300 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally (i...
February 2018: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Alper Akın, Edip Unal, Ruken Yıldırım, Mehmet Türe, Hasan Balık, Yusuf Kenan Haspolat
BACKGROUND: Studies on adults, have shown increased dispersion of QT and corrected QT (cQT), peak-to-end interval of the T wave (Tp-e), Tp-e/QT ratio and Tp-e/QTc ratio in subclinical hypothyroidism (SH), but there have been no paediatric studies MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 SH patients were compared with 40 healthy children in respect of serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), serum free level of triiodothyronine (fT3) and free level of thyroxine (fT4). SH diagnosis was accepted as TSH above the laboratory accepted upper limit (> 4...
January 25, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Po-Chun Hsu, Hsien-Tsai Wu, Cheuk-Kwan Sun
Distortions in macro- and microcirculation are principal contributors to diabetes-associated complications. This study aimed at investigating the validity of applying non-invasive photoplethysmographic (PPG) waveform parameters in detecting diabetes-induced subtitle changes in arterial stiffness. Between July 2009 and October 2010, totally 94 middle-aged and elderly subjects were recruited including 48 without diabetes (Group 1) and 46 with the disease (Group 2). Demographic (i.e., age, gender), anthropometric (body-mass index), biochemical (i...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
José Vicente Lidón-Roger, Gema Prats-Boluda, Yiyao Ye-Lin, Javier Garcia-Casado, Eduardo Garcia-Breijo
Among many of the electrode designs used in electrocardiography (ECG), concentric ring electrodes (CREs) are one of the most promising due to their enhanced spatial resolution. Their development has undergone a great push due to their use in recent years; however, they are not yet widely used in clinical practice. CRE implementation in textiles will lead to a low cost, flexible, comfortable, and robust electrode capable of detecting high spatial resolution ECG signals. A textile CRE set has been designed and developed using screen-printing technology...
January 21, 2018: Sensors
Ronan Conlon, Richard Tanner, Santhosh David, Gabor Szeplaki, Joseph Galvin, John Keaney, Edward Keelan, Usama Boles
Background: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is defined as a diffuse dilatation of the diameter of the ectatic segment of the coronary artery, 1.5 times greater than that of the adjacent segment. The Tp-Te interval, P-wave and QTc dispersions are relatively new electrocardiographic markers associated with an increased risk of developing arrhythmias. Despite CAE increasing in prevalence in recent years, there is a sparsity of data available about its arrhythmogenic effect. The aim of the study was to evaluate QTc, P-wave dispersion and Tp-Te and Tp-Te/QT ratio in patients with CAE...
December 2017: Cardiology Research
Miyuki Miura, Satoshi Ikeda, Takeo Yoshida, Yuki Yamagata, Tomoo Nakata, Seiji Koga, Yuji Koide, Hiroaki Kawano, Koji Maemura
Electrocardiography (ECG) is used to screen for pulmonary hypertension (PH). However, it is unclear which parameters of ECG are the most useful for screening.ECG parameters related to right ventricular hypertrophy criteria were examined in 145 ECGs of subjects who were suspected to have PH and underwent right heart catheterization (RHC) (age 58.4 ± 17.5 years, 112 women, mean pulmonary arterial pressure [MPAP] 35.4 ± 13.3 mmHg). Based on the results of RHC, 108 subjects had PH (56 pulmonary arterial hypertension [PAH] and 52 chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension [CTEPH])...
December 27, 2017: International Heart Journal
Hacı Murat Güneş, Gültekin Günhan Demir, Oğuz Karaca, Filiz Kızılırmak Yılmaz, Ersin İbişoğlu, Tayyar Gökdeniz, Mehmet Onur Omaygenç, Ekrem Güler, Gamze Babur Güler, Ümeyir Savur, Beytullah Çakal, İrfan Barutçu, Fethi Kılıçaslan
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (CA) is a common non-pharmacological treatment option for ventricular premature contractions (PVCs) originating from right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between recurrence after CA for RVOT-PVC and S-wave in lead 1 that was shown to be associated with RVOT depolarization. METHODOLOGY: A total of 104 patients who were referred to our clinic for CA for idiopathic RVOT-PVC between 2012 and 2015years were enrolled...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
Naoki Masaki, Shunsuke Kawamoto, Naotaka Motoyoshi, Osamu Adachi, Kiichiro Kumagai, Satoshi Kawatsu, Yukihiro Hayatsu, Shintaro Katahira, Katsuhiro Hosoyama, Masatoshi Akiyama, Yoshikatsu Saiki
PURPOSE: The Cox maze IV (CMIV) procedure is being used increasingly frequently for surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). This study aimed to identify the risk factors of the need for postoperative pacemaker implantation (PMI) after CMIV. METHODS: Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were retrospectively collected from 67 consecutive patients who underwent CMIV at our institution; 7 (10.4%) required PMI (as a treatment of brady AF or sick sinus syndrome)...
December 16, 2017: Surgery Today
Yahya Kemal İçen, Mevlüt Koç
Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) severity is difficult only with electrocardiogram (ECG). In most cases, NSTEMI patients are followed with cardiac enzymes without early invasive intervention if no severe chest pain exists in the emergency department (ED) or coronary intensive care unit (CICU).Our aim was to evaluate association between CAD severity and ST segment change in lead aVR (STaVR)/T wave amplitude in lead aVR (TAaVR) ratio in patients with NSTEMI.We included 306 patients with NSTEMI in the ED between 2015 and 2016...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Marc P Waase, R Kannan Mutharasan, William Whang, Marco R DiTullio, John P DiFiori, Lisa Callahan, Jimmie Mancell, Dermot Phelan, Allan Schwartz, Shunichi Homma, David J Engel
Importance: While it is known that long-term intensive athletic training is associated with cardiac structural changes that can be reflected on surface electrocardiograms (ECGs), there is a paucity of sport-specific ECG data. This study seeks to clarify the applicability of existing athlete ECG interpretation criteria to elite basketball players, an athlete group shown to develop significant athletic cardiac remodeling. Objective: To generate normative ECG data for National Basketball Association (NBA) athletes and to assess the accuracy of athlete ECG interpretation criteria in this population...
January 1, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Diego N Moraes, Bruno R Nascimento, Andrea Z Beaton, Elsayed Z Soliman, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Rodrigo C P Dos Reis, Antonio Luiz P Ribeiro
We sought to investigate the prognostic value of the electrocardiogram (ECG) electrical axes (P wave, T wave and QRS) as predictors of mortality in the 14-year follow-up of the prospective cohort of all residents ≥60 years living in the southeastern Brazilian city of Bambuí, a population with high prevalence of Chagas disease (ChD). Baseline ECG axes were automatically measured with normal values defined as follows: P-wave axis 0° to 75°, QRS axis -30° to 90°, and T axis 15° to 75°. Participants underwent annual follow-up visits and death was verified using death certificates...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Mert İlker Hayıroğlu, Ahmet Okan Uzun, Muhammed Keskin, Edibe Betül Börklü, Ceyhan Türkkan, Ahmet İlker Tekkeşin, Ömer Kozan
BACKGROUND: Acute transmural ischemia due to left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusion changes precordial R and Q wave durations owing to depressed intramyocardial activation. We investigated the prognostic value of sum of precordial Q wave duration/sum of precordial R wave duration ratio (Q/R) in patients with first acute anterior myocardial infarction (AAMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). METHODS: In this prospective analysis, we evaluated the no-reflow predictive value of Q/R on 403 patients with first AAMI...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
Hacı Murat Güneş, Gamze Babur Güler, Ekrem Güler, Gültekin Günhan Demir, Mehmet Kamil Teber, Filiz Kızılırmak, Beytullah Çakal, Bilal Boztosun
Background/aim: Myocarditis in the acute phase usually presents with sinus tachycardia but many other arrhythmias might be seen as well. In this study we aimed to investigate repolarization abnormalities in baseline ECG of patients with myocarditis for the first time.Materials and methods: Thirty patients diagnosed with myocarditis and 25 healthy age-matched controls were included. Two different cardiologists measured corrected QT (QTc), QT dispersion (QTd), QT peak (QTp), T wave peak to T wave end (TpTe), TpTe/QT ratio, and TpTe/QTc ratio in 12-lead ECG...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
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