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Ecg ratio wave

F Birettoni, D Caivano, V Patata, N S Moïse, C Guglielmini, M Rishniw, F Porciello
OBJECTIVES: The size of the pulmonary veins (PVs) and pulmonary arteries (PAs) changes in response to hemodynamic alterations caused by physiological events and disease. We sought to create standardized echocardiographic methods for imaging the right ostium of the pulmonary veins (RPVs) and the right pulmonary artery (RPA) using specific landmarks and timing to quantify vessel diameters and phasic changes during the cardiac cycle. ANIMALS: Fifty client-owned healthy dogs prospectively recruited...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Maria L Muiesan, Massimo Salvetti, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Anna Paini, Deodato Assanelli, Simona Costanzo, Fabio Badilini, Martino Vaglio, Maria B Donati, Enrico Agabiti Rosei, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
AIM: Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and the prognostic significance for fatal and nonfatal cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events of different ECG criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in normal weight, overweight and obese patients in an adult Italian population. METHODS: A total of 18 330 adults (mean age 54 ± 11 years, 55% women, 53% hypertensive patients) were analyzed from the Moli-sani cohort. Obesity was defined using the ATPIII criteria...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yossra Mahran, Robert Schueler, Marcel Weber, Carmen Pizarro, Georg Nickenig, Dirk Skowasch, Christoph Hammerstingl
AIM: To find parameters from transthorathic echocardiography (TTE) including speckle-tracking (ST) analysis of the right ventricle (RV) to identify precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS: Forty-four patients with suspected PH undergoing right heart catheterization (RHC) were consecutively included (mean age 63.1 ± 14 years, 61% male gender). All patients underwent standardized TTE including ST analysis of the RV. Based on the subsequent TTE-derived measurements, the presence of PH was assessed: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was calculated by Simpsons rule from 4Ch...
August 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
David Sedmera, Jan Neckar, Jiri Benes, Jana Pospisilova, Jiri Petrak, Kamil Sedlacek, Vojtech Melenovsky
Volume overload leads to development of eccentric cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. In our previous report, we have shown myocyte hypertrophy with no fibrosis and decrease in gap junctional coupling via connexin43 in a rat model of aorto-caval fistula at 21 weeks. Here we set to analyze the electrophysiological and protein expression changes in the left ventricle and correlate them with phenotypic severity based upon ventricles to body weight ratio. ECG analysis showed increased amplitude and duration of the P wave, prolongation of PR and QRS interval, ST segment elevation and decreased T wave amplitude in the fistula group...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Michael T Tanoue, Sverre E Kjeldsen, Richard B Devereux, Peter M Okin
BACKGROUND: Abnormal P-wave terminal force in lead V1 (PTF-V1) is an ECG marker of increased left atrial (LA) volume, elevated LA filling pressures and/or LA systolic dysfunction. Because left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is one of the potential mechanisms driving LA remodelling, we hypothesized that PTF-V1 might be an additional ECG marker of diastolic dysfunction. METHODS: LV diastolic function after 3 years' systematic antihypertensive treatment was examined in relation to baseline PTF-V1 in 431 hypertensive patients undergoing protocol-driven blood pressure reduction who had baseline and year-3 ECG and echocardiographic data and a preserved LV ejection fraction (EF >45%) at year-3...
August 9, 2016: Blood Pressure
Xu-Miao Chen, Cheng-Cheng Ji, Yun-Jiu Cheng, Li-Juan Liu, Wei-Qi Zhu, Ying Huang, Wei-Ying Chen, Su-Hua Wu
BACKGROUND: Just as high-risk populations for cardiac arrest exist in patients with Brugada syndrome or long QT syndrome, high-risk and low-risk populations for cardiac arrest also exist in patients with early repolarization pattern (ERP). HYPOTHESIS: Electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics can aid the risk stratification of patients with ERP. METHODS: Electrocardiographic parameters such as magnitude of J-point elevation and J/R ratio were measured...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Cardiology
Guoqiang Han, Zhijun Xu
Good quality electrocardiogram (ECG) is utilized by physicians for the interpretation and identification of physiological and pathological phenomena. In general, ECG signals may mix various noises such as baseline wander, power line interference, and electromagnetic interference in gathering and recording process. As ECG signals are non-stationary physiological signals, wavelet transform is investigated to be an effective tool to discard noises from corrupted signals. A new compromising threshold function called sigmoid function-based thresholding scheme is adopted in processing ECG signals...
August 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Limin Zhang, Sihua Qi
BACKGROUND: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of a large sample to assess whether electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities are independently associated with the occurrence of neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE), delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI), and in-hospital death after nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, patients who were admitted within 72 hours of SAH symptom onset between 2013 and 2015 were enrolled...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Gwang Sil Kim, Jae-Sun Uhm, Tae-Hoon Kim, Hancheol Lee, Junbeom Park, Jin-Kyu Park, Boyoung Joung, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the risk of thromboembolic events in patients with junctional bradycardia(JB). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed electrocardiograms(ECGs) for 380,682 patients. Those with JB on an ECG at least twice over a ≥3-month interval were included for analysis. We additionally included 138 CHADS2 score-matched patients(age, 68.4 ± 15.7 years; male, 52.2%) in sinus rhythm as a control group. Between the JB patients(with or without retrograde P wave) and controls, we compared incidences of ischemic stroke and a composite of ischemic stroke, renal infarction, ischemic colitis, acute limb ischemia, and pulmonary embolism...
2016: BMC Neurology
Marios Kolios, Panagiotis Korantzopoulos, Antonios P Vlahos, Eleni Kapsali, Evangelos Briasoulis, John A Goudevenos
BACKGROUND: There seems to be a significant arrhythmia burden in β-thalassemia major (TM) patients without overt cardiomyopathy. Apart from conventional electrocardiographic (ECG) and arrhythmic risk markers we studied novel markers of ventricular repolarization and autonomic imbalance both at rest and after exercise testing. METHODS: We studied 47 adult TM patients without systolic heart failure and 47 age and sex-matched healthy control subjects. The median age of the studied population was 36 [32-43] years, 57% men...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Ryuta Henmi, Koichiro Ejima, Morio Shoda, Daigo Yagishita, Nobuhisa Hagiwara
INTRODUCTION: Many patients with successful atrial flutter (AFL) ablation will develop atrial fibrillation (AF) during follow-up. This study aimed to determine whether prolonged interatrial conduction time (IACT) is associated with risk for new-onset AF after ablation of isolated, typical AFL. METHODS: Participants were 80 consecutive patients who underwent successful radiofrequency ablation of isolated, typical AFL from 2004 to 2012. Patients with any history of AF prior to AFL ablation were excluded...
July 16, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Po-Ching Chi, Shun-Chuan Chang, Chun-Ho Yun, Jen-Yuan Kuo, Chung-Lieh Hung, Charles Jia-Yin Hou, Chia-Yuan Liu, Fei-Shih Yang, Tung-Hsin Wu, Hiram G Bezerra, Hung-I Yeh
BACKGROUND: The associations between pericardial adiposity and altered atrial conduction had been demonstrated. However, data comparing differential effects of various body sites visceral adiposity on atrial and ventricular electrocardiographic alterations remains largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed both peri-cardial fat (PCF) and peri-aortic visceral adiposity (TAT) using dedicated computed tomography (CT) software (Aquarius 3D Workstation, TeraRecon, San Mateo, CA, USA), with anthropometrics including body mass index (BMI) and biochemical data obtained...
2016: PloS One
Graham M Lohrmann, Ferande Peters, Komandoor Srivathsan, Mohammed R Essop, Farouk Mookadam
Electrocardiographic abnormalities, and specifically early repolarization (ER) patterns, are increasingly found to be common variants in healthy populations free of heart disease or risk factors. Data are sparse in subjects of African descent, for which no increase in adverse cardiovascular outcomes have been demonstrated. A database of healthy disease-free adult volunteers of sub-Saharan African descent had 12 lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) and transthoracic echocardiograms performed. Statistical tests were then performed on the data to elicit associations; 396 volunteers (63...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
D G Wilson, G Leventigiannis, C Barr, J M Morgan
BACKGROUND: T wave oversensing (TWOS) is the commonest cause of inappropriate shocks in subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillators (S-ICDs). We hypothesise that predictors of TWOS can be derived from surface ECG parameters. METHODS: In a cohort of SICD recipients in two UK centres, all patients who had TWOS (study group) were compared to all those who had not (control group). The pre-implant screen was scanned and the R wave, T wave amplitudes, QRS interval, time to peak T wave, QT interval and R:T ratio was measured using digital callipers...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Peter P Swoboda, Adam K McDiarmid, Bara Erhayiem, Philip Haaf, Ananth Kidambi, Graham J Fent, Laura E Dobson, Tarique A Musa, Pankaj Garg, Graham R Law, Mark T Kearney, Julian H Barth, Ramzi Ajjan, John P Greenwood, Sven Plein
OBJECTIVE: Silent myocardial infarction (MI) is a prevalent finding in patients with type 2 diabetes and is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is the most validated technique for detection of silent MI, but is time-consuming, costly, and requires administration of intravenous contrast. We therefore planned to develop a simple and low-cost population screening tool to identify those at highest risk of silent MI validated against the CMR reference standard...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Elena Biagini, Chiara Pazzi, Iacopo Olivotto, Beatrice Musumeci, Giuseppe Limongelli, Giuseppe Boriani, Giuseppe Pacileo, Vittoria Mastromarino, Maria Letizia Bacchi Reggiani, Massimiliano Lorenzini, Francesco Lai, Alessandra Berardini, Francesca Mingardi, Stefania Rosmini, Elvira Resciniti, Claudia Borghi, Camillo Autore, Franco Cecchi, Claudio Rapezzi
The objective of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) patterns in a large multicenter cohort of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; 1,004 consecutive patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and a recorded standard ECG (64% men, mean age 50 ± 16 years) were evaluated at 4 Italian centers. The study end points were sudden cardiac death (SCD) or surrogates, including appropriate implanted cardiac defibrillator discharge and resuscitated cardiac arrest and major cardiovascular events (including SCD or surrogates and death due to heart failure, cardioembolic stroke, or heart transplantation)...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Ugur N Karakulak, Omer H Yilmaz, Engin Tutkun, Meside Gunduzoz, Emine Ercan Onay
BACKGROUND: To evaluate electrocardiographic parameters which are related with atrial and ventricular arrhythmias measured from 12-lead surface electrocardiogram (ECG) in workers occupationally exposed to lead. METHODS: Sixty lead-exposed workers and 60 healthy controls were enrolled. Twelve-lead surface ECG was recorded and measurements of P wave durations (Pmax, Pmin) and P wave dispersion (PWD), QT durations and dispersion (QTd), corrected QT (QTc), Tp-e interval, and Tp-e/QT ratio were analyzed...
June 10, 2016: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Peter M Okin, Hooman Kamel, Sverre E Kjeldsen, Richard B Devereux
BACKGROUND: Recent findings in population-based studies suggest that abnormal P wave terminal force in lead V1 (PTFV1), a marker of left atrial abnormalities such as fibrosis, dilatation and elevated filling pressures, is associated with incident ischemic stroke, even in the absence of atrial fibrillation. However, whether PTFV1 predicts incident stroke in hypertensive patients during blood pressure lowering has not been examined. METHODS: Risk of incident stroke was examined in relation to abnormal PTFV1 on a baseline ECG in 7778 hypertensive patients with ECG left ventricular hypertrophy, no history of atrial fibrillation, in sinus rhythm on their baseline ECG with no incident atrial fibrillation during follow-up, who were randomly assigned to losartan-based or atenolol-based treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Z Y Jiao, Y B Li, J Mao, X Y Liu, X C Yang, C Tan, J M Chu, X P Liu
Our objective is to evaluate the accuracy of three algorithms in differentiating the origins of outflow tract ventricular arrhythmias (OTVAs). This study involved 110 consecutive patients with OTVAs for whom a standard 12-lead surface electrocardiogram (ECG) showed typical left bundle branch block morphology with an inferior axis. All the ECG tracings were retrospectively analyzed using the following three recently published ECG algorithms: 1) the transitional zone (TZ) index, 2) the V2 transition ratio, and 3) V2 R wave duration and R/S wave amplitude indices...
2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Arif Suner, Mustafa Cetin
OBJECTIVES: Coronary slow flow (CSF) is associated with an increased incidence of adverse cardiovascular events. Previous studies have shown increases in P wave dispersion, QT dispersion, and the Tp-e/QT ratio, and a prolonged Tp-e interval, as well as left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with CSF. We aimed to examine the effect of trimetazidine (TMZ) on these arrhythmia predictors and diastolic function of the left ventricle. METHODS: Our study included 30 patients with CSF and 30 individuals with normal coronary arteries...
August 2016: Coronary Artery Disease
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