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Acid reflux

Ayako Fukui, Meiho Nakayama, Naoko Sakamoto, Sachie Arima, Shintaro Sato, Motohiko Suzuki, Shingo Murakami
OBJECTIVE: This was a first cross-sectional single-center study to research the relation between globus pharyngeus, OSA and GERD. Since previous clinical studies have demonstrated a relationship between globus phayrngeus and GERD, however, no reported study on the relation between globus pharyngeus, sleep disorders including OSA, and GERD. METHODS: Seventeen patients underwent general and otorhinolaryngological examinations and responded to several questionnaires (ESS, PSQI, HADS, and Globus pharyngeus VAS score) at their first visit, and underwent a gastroesophageal test for 24-h pH monitoring and in-laboratory PSG one to two months later...
March 12, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Kosuke Sakitani, Nobumi Suzuki, Sozaburo Ihara, Yoshihiro Hirata, Shoji Kawazu, Yasuhiko Iwamoto, Kazuhiko Koike
OBJECTIVES: To determine if a discrepancy exists between subjective symptoms and the grade of endoscopic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. METHODS: All 2,884 patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy completed the modified Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS), an interview-based rating scale consisting of 16 items including a question on acid regurgitation. Patients were divided into DM and non-DM groups (1,135 and 1,749 patients, respectively)...
2018: PloS One
L Wang, W Wu, G Wang
Objective: To investigate the significance of the detection of pepsin in saliva and the pharyngeal pH monitoring in the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease(LPRD). Methods: A total of 176 patients (140 patients with simple pharyngitis and 36 patients with space-occupying lesions of larynx) who were suspected to have laryngopharyngeal reflux between February and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. All the patients were evaluated with reflux symptom index (RSI), reflux finding score (RFS) and 24-hour pharyngeal pH monitoring(Dx-pH)...
February 27, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Thomas Rossor, Ingran Lingam, Abdel Douiri, Ravindra Bhat, Anne Greenough
AIM: To determine whether a pH probe or multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) more frequently detected gastro-oesophageal reflux and test the hypothesis that acid reflux was associated with lower baseline impedance. METHODS: A prospective study of infants in whom reflux was suspected and evaluated using combined pH and multichannel impedance. Studies were considered abnormal if the acid index was >10% or there were > 79MII reflux events in 24 hours. The acid index was the percentage of total study time with a pH<four and the acid clearance time (ACT) the time from the pH falling below four to rising above four...
March 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Clarence T Sasaki, Sotirios G Doukas, Dimitra P Vageli
PURPOSE: Bile-containing gastroesophageal reflux may promote cancer at extraesophageal sites. Acidic bile can accelerate NF-κB activation and molecular events, linked to premalignant changes in murine hypopharyngeal mucosa (HM). We hypothesize that short-term in vivo topical application of NF-κB inhibitor BAY 11-7082 can prevent acidic bile-induced early preneoplastic molecular events, suggesting its potential role in disease prevention. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We topically exposed HM (C57Bl/6j wild-type) to a mixture of bile acids at pH 3...
March 9, 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Michael Malone, Abdul Waheed, Samiullah Samiullah
Functional upper gastrointestinal disorders are common and cause significant patient distress and health care cost. These disorders typically are classified as either esophageal or gastroduodenal. Functional esophageal disorders include functional heartburn, reflux hypersensitivity, and functional dysphagia. Functional gastroduodenal disorders include functional dyspepsia and cyclic vomiting syndrome. Cyclic vomiting syndrome should be suspected in any patient with multiple episodes of vomiting with no apparent cause that completely resolve between episodes...
March 2018: FP Essentials
Mototsugu Kato, Noriko Ito, Mamiko Demura, Kimitoshi Kubo, Katsuhiro Mabe, Naohiko Harada
Introduction: The first drug selected for treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and prevention of the recurrence is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), but recently, a potassium-competitive acid blocker (P-CAB) was put on the market in Japan. Its onset of effect is faster than PPI, and it takes more than 2 days to recover acid secretion after the withdrawal period. Therefore, unlike PPI, the usefulness of every other day administration or discontinuous administration is expected...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Jun Nishikawa, Ayumu Hosokawa, Mayo Fuchino, Shunsuke Takatori, Masaya Iwamoto, Yoshiro Kashii, Tadashi Bando, Tetsuro Shimizu, Masami Minemura, Toshiro Sugiyama
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been widely used in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcer disease. Although they have a potent acid suppressive effect and excellent efficacy in acid-related diseases, PPI-induced rhabdomyolysis has been reported. Here, we report the case of a patient with reflux esophagitis who developed rhabdomyolysis after esomeprazole treatment. A 67-year-old man with reflux esophagitis who had started esomeprazole treatment for the preceding 10 months complained of back and limb fatigue and myalgia...
2018: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
Alice Miriam Kitay, Marie-Therese Schneebacher, Anne Schmitt, Katharina Heschl, Sascha Kopic, Tariq I Alfadda, Abrar Alsaihati, Alexander Link, John P Geibel
The H+ ,K+ -ATPase was identified as the primary proton secretory pathway in the gastric parietal cell and is the pharmacological target of agents suppressing acid secretion. Recently, we identified a second acid secretory protein expressed in the parietal cell; the vacuolar H+ -ATPase (V-type ATPase). The aim of the present study was to further characterize the H+ -ATPase activation by modulations in extracellular calcium via the calcium sensing receptor (CaSR). Isolated gastric glands were loaded with the pH indicator dye BCECF [2', 7'-bis-(2- carboxyethyl)-5-(and-6)-carboxyfluorescein, acetoxymethyl ester to measure intracellular pH...
March 8, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Mushtaq Ahmad, Zahida Perveen, Adailton J Bortoluzzi, Shahid Hameed, Muhammad R Shah, Muhammad Tariq, Ghias Ud Din, Muhammad T Jan, Muhammad Siddique, Muhammad Anwar
Apart from its numerous biological activities like antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, pyrazine moiety plays an important role in luminescent materials. Its role in luminescent materials is due to its highly electron deficient nature specially when it is in the centre along the mainstay of extended π-conjugated systems. Similarly, new liquid crystalline compounds are being made constantly where the central benzoaromatic moiety is being replaced with the heterocycles including pyrazine due to their more variable nature...
March 8, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
T-W Chuang, S-C Chen, K-T Chen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the recent advances in diagnosis and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: Previous studies were searched using the terms "gastroesophageal reflux disease" and "diagnosis" or "treatment" in Medline and Pubmed. Articles that were not published in the English language, manuscripts without an abstract, reviews, meta-analysis, and opinion articles were excluded from the review...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
E Fiani, F Guisset, Q Fontanges, J Deviere, A Lemmers
INTRODUCTION : Esophagitis dissecans superficialis (EDS) is a rare desquamative disorder of the eso-phagus, characterized by sloughing of the superficial mucosa. It is a benign entity of uncertain etiology. Most cases of EDS are idiopathic but can be caused by medications, hot beverages, chemical irritants, celiac disease and many skin conditions. AIM AND METHODS: Knowing that few case series have described this entity, we decided to review all the cases diagnosed in our center to characterize them...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
E J Ndebia, A M Sammon, E Umapathy, J E Iputo
Reflux in this region of South Africa is known to be more frequent and less acidic than in other countries. We investigated the relationship between reflux and diet. We recruited 57 healthy participants. We carried out ambulant oesophageal pH-impedance monitoring for 24 hours. We used software and visual review to analyse data and to identify episodes of reflux and rapid alkaline rises in the stomach. A usual pattern diet questionnaire provided data on frequency of consumption of common foods. Associations between reflux, gastric pH and dietary components were sought using analysis of variance, and regression analyses...
April 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Dragoş Predescu, Silviu Constantinoiu
Background: A few decades ago, esophageal substitution was mainly dedicated particularly in postcaustic esophageal stenosis; currently, the reconstruction has expanded its palette of indications to other areas of benign esophageal pathology (severe motor disorders, esophageal achalasia with multiple relapses, peptic stenosis, etc.) but has also become a quasi-obligatory final time in the esophagectomy for cancer whenever it is possible. The techniques of esophageal reconstruction using the stomach, regardless of the indication and the chosen technical option, remain a valuable and effective method...
January 2018: Chirurgia
Marcel Tanţău, Mihaela Laszlo, Alina Tanţău
Barrett's Esophagus (BE) is defined as a premalignant condition, where the esophageal squamous epithelium is replaced by intestinal epithelium. Specialized intestinal columnar metaplasia, typical for Barrett's esophagus, does not generate any symptoms. Most of the patients are initially seen for symptoms associated with the gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), such as heartburn, regurgitation and dysphagia. The histological progression from intestinal metaplasia to dysplasia and then to BE-associated adenocarcinoma forms the argument for screening and endoscopic monitoring...
January 2018: Chirurgia
N Schlueter, B Luka
Erosion is a common phenomenon in the general population of developed countries. However, due to variations in indices, sample sizes and general study designs, it is difficult to compare the various studies and to estimate actual global prevalence. Therefore, the aim of this present paper is to give a narrative overview on the data available on the global prevalence of erosion. Information on prevalence is not available from each country; in particular, data from Asia, Africa, South America, North America and large parts of South-Eastern Europe are unavailable...
March 2, 2018: British Dental Journal
Heather A Long, Lauren Solski, Jill A Rebuck, Colin Bridgeman
OBJECTIVES: Recent guidelines defined and differentiated the management of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The guidelines recommend against using empiric acid suppression therapy for infantile GER. The primary objective of this study was to assess inpatient guideline adherence regarding management of infantile GER through the perspective of pharmacists. Secondary objectives included assessing pharmacist comfort level with differentiation between GER and GERD, observing current trends in practice relating to the primary objective, and determining the availability of institution-specific guidelines that address the management of infantile GER...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Renee K McAlister, Jonathan Aston, Megan Pollack, Liping Du, Tatsuki Koyama, David D Chism
BACKGROUND: Pazopanib is an oral tyrosine-kinase inhibitor that is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Pharmacokinetic data have shown that concomitant administration of pazopanib and esomeprazole, a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), leads to decreased area under the curve and thus decreased exposure of pazopanib by 40%. Despite the pharmacokinetic data published to date, the clinical significance and impact on patient outcomes resulting from decreased pazopanib exposure remains unknown...
February 27, 2018: Oncologist
Michel R Fernandes, Marina De Oliveira, Sidia M Callegari-Jacques, Gissele V R Gonçalves, Fernando Fornari
Background/Aims: Evaluation of esophageal clearance by orange juice swallowing could be useful to identify different categories of gastroesophageal reflux disease. We determined whether a juice test at the beginning of esophageal pH monitoring can identify nonerosive reflux disease (NERD) among heartburn patients. Methods: Multiple swallows of orange juice (pH 3) were performed at the beginning of esophageal pH monitoring in 71 heartburn patients off acid-suppressive therapy...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Jane C Bell, Francisco J Schneuer, Christopher Harrison, Lyndal Trevena, Harriet Hiscock, Adam G Elshaug, Natasha Nassar
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnosis and management of reflux and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) in infants aged <1 year presenting to general practitioners (GPs). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative, prospective, cross-sectional survey of GP activity in Australia, 2006-2016 (Bettering the Evaluation And Care of Health Study). Annually, a random sample of around 1000 GPs recorded details for 100 consecutive visits with consenting, unidentified patients...
February 22, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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