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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778755/development-and-acceptability-assessment-of-a-self-management-intervention-to-prevent-acute-to-chronic-pain-transition-after-major-lower-extremity-trauma
#1
Mélanie Bérubé, Céline Gélinas, Géraldine Martorella, Nancy Feeley, José Côté, George-Yves Laflamme, Dominique M Rouleau, Manon Choinière
Transition from acute to chronic pain often occurs after major lower extremity trauma. Chronic pain has been found to negatively affect daily functioning, including the capacity to work and quality of life. Empirical data and an acceptability assessment were used to develop a self-management intervention aimed at preventing acute to chronic pain transition after major lower extremity trauma (i.e., iPACT-E-Trauma). Evidence from previous studies on preventive self-management interventions, combined with a biopsychosocial conceptual framework and clinical knowledge, helped define the key features of the preliminary version...
May 16, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773431/preoperative-frailty-assessment-predicts-loss-of-independence-after-vascular-surgery
#2
Graham W Donald, Amir A Ghaffarian, Farid Isaac, Larry W Kraiss, Claire L Griffin, Brigitte K Smith, Mark R Sarfati, Julie L Beckstrom, Benjamin S Brooke
OBJECTIVE: Frailty, a clinical syndrome associated with loss of metabolic reserves, is prevalent among patients who present to vascular surgery clinics for evaluation. The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a rapid assessment method shown to be highly specific for identifying frail patients. In this study, we sought to evaluate whether the preoperative CFS score could be used to predict loss of independence after major vascular procedures. METHODS: We identified all patients living independently at home who were prospectively assessed using the CFS before undergoing an elective major vascular surgery procedure (admitted for >24 hours) at an academic medical center between December 2015 and December 2017...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768951/-theory-becoming-alive-the-learning-transition-process-of-newly-graduated-nurses-in-canada
#3
Violet Nour, Anne M Williams
Background Newly graduated nurses often encounter a gap between theory and practice in clinical settings. Although this has been the focus of considerable research, little is known about the learning transition process. Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of newly graduated nurses in acute healthcare settings within Canada. This study was conducted to gain a greater understanding of the experiences and challenges faced by graduates. Methods Grounded theory method was utilized with a sample of 14 registered nurses who were employed in acute-care settings...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766133/trauma-transitional-care-coordination-protecting-the-most-vulnerable-trauma-patients-from-hospital-readmission
#4
Erin C Hall, Rebecca Tyrrell, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
Background: Unplanned hospital readmissions increase healthcare costs and patient morbidity. We hypothesized that a program designed to reduce trauma readmissions would be effective. Methods: A Trauma Transitional Care Coordination (TTCC) program was created to support patients at high risk for readmission. TTCC interventions included call to patient (or caregiver) within 72 hours of discharge to identify barriers to care, complete medication reconciliation, coordination of appointments, and individualized problem solving...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764647/a-preceptor-competency-framework-for-pharmacists-part-2-of-a-3-part-series
#5
REVIEW
Sheila Walter, Katrina Mulherin, Craig D Cox
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy faculties in Canada are transitioning to the doctor of pharmacy degree which will require approximately one-third of curricula contact time in experiential education. Preceptors will be responsible for delivering this experiential component and many have received little or no training in how to be an effective educator. Although training is mandated through accreditation standards, competencies to serve as a foundation for preceptor development have yet to be created...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763535/team-based-pod-system-reduces-lengths-of-stay-for-treat-and-release-patients
#6
Nicholas Gavin, Kathy Peterson
To boost performance on a range of metrics, the 55-bed ED at NYU Lutheran Medical Center in Brooklyn, NY, transitioned to a pod system in August 2016. The approach, which is designed to foster team-based care, involves assigning physicians and nurses to designated geographic areas throughout the day, minimizing the movement of physicians as well as the need for phone communication. When coupled with other changes, including the introduction of point-of- care testing, the pod initiative has enabled the ED to reduce lengths of stay for all treat-and-release patients to less than three hours for the first time in the history of the department, according to administrators...
June 2017: ED Management: the Monthly Update on Emergency Department Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761752/addressing-cancer-patient-and-caregiver-role-transitions-during-home-hospice-nursing-care
#7
Janella Hudson, Maija Reblin, Margaret F Clayton, Lee Ellington
OBJECTIVE: Many family caregivers and hospice patients experience role changes resulting from advancing illness and the need for increased caregiver responsibility. Successful navigation of conflicts that arise because of these role transitions has been linked to higher quality of patient care and improved caregiver bereavement adjustment. Nursing communication with patients and their caregivers plays an important role in facilitating these transitions. Our objective is to describe patient-caregiver-nurse communication during transitions at end of life...
May 15, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758128/nurses-perceptions-of-patient-safety-culture-in-three-hospitals-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Nahed Alquwez, Jonas Preposi Cruz, Ahmed Mohammed Almoghairi, Raid Salman Al-Otaibi, Khalid Obaid Almutairi, Jerico G Alicante, Paolo C Colet
PURPOSE: To assess the present patient safety culture of three general hospitals in Saudi Arabia, as perceived by nurses. DESIGN: This study utilized a descriptive, cross-sectional design. METHODS: A convenience sample of 351 nurses working in three general hospitals in the central region of Saudi Arabia was surveyed in this study using the Hospital Survey of Patients' Safety Culture (HSOPSC) from October 2016 to April 2017. RESULTS: From the 12 composites of the HSOPSC, the nurses perceived only the following two patient safety areas as strengths: teamwork within units and organizational learning-continuous improvement...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757828/transition-the-road-to-becoming-a-nurse-practitioner
#9
Lisa Abel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2018: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754670/knowledge-to-action-rationale-and-design-of-the-patient-centered-care-transitions-in-heart-failure-pact-hf-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial
#10
Harriette G C Van Spall, Shun Fu Lee, Feng Xie, Dennis T Ko, Lehana Thabane, Quazi Ibrahim, Peter R Mitoff, Michael Heffernan, Manish Maingi, Michael C Tjandrawidjaja, Mohammad I Zia, Mohamed Panju, Richard Perez, Kim D Simek, Liane Porepa, Ian D Graham, R Brian Haynes, Dilys Haughton, Stuart J Connolly
INTRODUCTION: Heart Failure (HF) is a common cause of hospitalization in older adults. The transition from hospital to home is high-risk, and gaps in transitional care can increase the risk of re-hospitalization and death. Combining health care services supported by meta-analyses, we designed the PACT-HF transitional care model. METHODS: Adopting an integrated Knowledge Translation (iKT) approach in which decision-makers and clinicians are partners in research, we implement and test the effectiveness of PACT-HF among patients hospitalized for HF...
May 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752850/role-modelling-and-the-hidden-curriculum-new-graduate-nurses-professional-socialisation
#11
Kiri Hunter, Catherine Cook
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore new graduate nurses' experiences of professional socialisation by registered nurses in hospital-based practice settings, and identify strategies that support professional identity development. BACKGROUND: Professionalism is reinforced and stabilised in the clinical environment through the 'hidden curriculum', with major learning coming from practice role-models. New graduates observe attitudes, behaviours, decision-making and skills, and gain feedback from registered nurses, which they translate into their own practice...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746689/impact-of-hospital-context-on-transitioning-patients-from-hospital-to-skilled-nursing-facility-a-grounded-theory-study
#12
Barbara J King, Andrea L Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Tonya J Roberts, Korey A Kennelty, Jacquelyn F Mirr, Michael B Gehring, Melissa N Dattalo, Amy J H Kind
Background: Twenty-five percentage of patients who are transferred from hospital settings to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) are rehospitalized within 30 days. One significant factor in poorly executed transitions is the discharge process used by hospital providers. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine how health care providers in hospitals transition care from hospital to SNF, what actions they took based on their understanding of transitioning care, and what conditions influence provider behavior...
May 8, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746356/new-graduate-nurse-experiences-in-clinical-judgment-what-academic-and-practice-educators-need-to-know
#13
Janet Lusk Monagle, Kathie Lasater, Sydnee Stoyles, Nathan Dieckmann
AIM: The aim of the study was to determine if use of a structured reflection exercise using a clinical judgment framework would result in more practice-ready new graduate nurses (NGNs). BACKGROUND: Clinical judgment is a critical skill for all nurses, yet it is identified as a deficit in NGNs. METHOD: Seventy-four NGNs in two groups participated in this mixed-methods study in their first year in practice. Scores from two quantitative measures were collected for all participants...
May 9, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746348/homeless-status-postdischarge-health-care-utilization-and-readmission-after-surgery
#14
Ashley Titan, Laura Graham, Amy Rosen, Kamal Itani, Laurel A Copeland, Hillary J Mull, Edith Burns, Joshua Richman, Stefan Kertesz, Tyler Wahl, Melanie Morris, Jeffery Whittle, Gordon Telford, Mark Wilson, Mary Hawn
INTRODUCTION: Homeless Veterans are vulnerable to poor care transitions, yet little research has examined their risk of readmission following inpatient surgery. This study investigates the predictors of surgical readmission among homeless relative to housed Veteran patients. METHODS: Inpatient general, vascular, and orthopedic surgeries occurring in the Veterans Health Administration from 2008 to 2014 were identified. Administrative International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes and Veterans Health Administration clinic stops were used to identify homeless patients...
June 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736046/quality-of-best-possible-medication-history-upon-admission-to-hospital-comparison-of-nurses-and-pharmacy-students-and-consideration-of-national-quality-indicators
#15
Ashley Sproul, Carole Goodine, David Moore, Amy McLeod, Jacqueline Gordon, Jennifer Digby, George Stoica
Background: Medication reconciliation at transitions of care increases patient safety. Collection of an accurate best possible medication history (BPMH) on admission is a key step. National quality indicators are used as surrogate markers for BPMH quality, but no literature on their accuracy exists. Obtaining a high-quality BPMH is often labour- and resource-intensive. Pharmacy students are now being assigned to obtain BPMHs, as a cost-effective means to increase BPMH completion, despite limited information to support the quality of BPMHs obtained by students relative to other health care professionals...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728147/interventions-for-improving-management-of-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-in-dikgale-a-rural-area-in-limpopo-province-south-africa
#16
Eric Maimela, Marianne Alberts, Hilde Bastiaens, Jesicca Fraeyman, Herman Meulemans, Johan Wens, Jeane Pierre Van Geertruyden
BACKGROUND: Chronic disease management (CDM) is an approach to health care that keeps people as healthy as possible through the prevention, early detection and management of chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to develop interventions to improve management of chronic diseases in the form of an integrated, evidence-based chronic disease management model in Dikgale, a rural area of Limpopo Province in South Africa. METHODS: A multifaceted intervention, called 'quality circles' (QCs) was developed to improve the quality and the management of chronic diseases in the Dikgale Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS)...
May 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724207/next-of-kin-involvement-in-improving-hospital-cancer-care-quality-and-safety-a-qualitative-cross-case-study-as-basis-for-theory-development
#17
Inger Johanne Bergerød, Bjørnar Gilje, Geir S Braut, Siri Wiig
BACKGROUND: Next-of-kin are an extension of healthcare professionals in all stages of cancer care. They offer care activities such as interpretations of symptoms, and reporting of negative or adverse effects of treatment, without any professional knowledge or skills. Their participation is often expected from healthcare professionals, managers, or the patient. However, there is limited knowledge of next-of-kin's role in and contribution to quality and safety improvement in hospital cancer care...
May 3, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723780/understanding-the-enrolled-nurse-to-registered-nurse-journey-through-a-model-adapted-from-schlossberg-s-transition-theory
#18
Peter Wall, Catherine Fetherston, Caroline Browne
BACKGROUND: Substantial numbers of Enrolled Nurses (ENs) enrol in higher education programs to undergo the transition to Registered Nurse (RN) with the experience described as containing numerous challenges. OBJECTIVES: This paper reports on a synthesis of the literature that explores the experiences of ENs undertaking a program of study to convert to RN. Consequently, a model is developed to identify educational interventions and resources to enable a successful transition for these students...
April 23, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720300/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-heart-failure-self-management-kits-for-outpatient-transitions-of-care
#19
Paul Boylan, Tina Joseph, Genevieve Hale, Cynthia Moreau, Matthew Seamon, Renee Jones
OBJECTIVE: To develop heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) self-management kits in an accountable care organization (ACO) to facilitate patients' self-care and prevent hospital readmissions. SETTING: Pharmacists practice in an outpatient-based ACO. They participate in interprofessional office visits with providers and independently manage maintenance pharmacotherapies. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Pharmacists collaborate with an interprofessional team within the ACO including physicians, nurses, case managers, and paramedics...
March 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717401/modelling-mortality-and-discharge-of-hospitalized-stroke-patients-using-a-phase-type-recovery-model
#20
Bruce Jones, Sally McClean, David Stanford
We model the length of in-patient hospital stays due to stroke and the mode of discharge using a phase-type stroke recovery model. The model allows for three different types of stroke: haemorrhagic (the most severe, caused by ruptured blood vessels that cause brain bleeding), cerebral infarction (less severe, caused by blood clots) and transient ischemic attack or TIA (the least severe, a mini-stroke caused by a temporary blood clot). A four-phase recovery process is used, where the initial phase depends on the type of stroke, and transition from one phase to the next depends on the age of the patient...
May 1, 2018: Health Care Management Science
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