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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879010/-evaluation-of-the-microbotox-technique-an-algorithmic-approach-for-lower-face-and-neck-rejuvenation-and-a-crossover-clinical-trial
#1
Cyril J Awaida, Samer F Jabbour, Youssef A El Rayess, Joseph S El Khoury, Elio G Kechichian, Marwan W Nasr
BACKGROUND: Microbotox consists of the injection of microdroplets of botulinum toxin into the dermis to improve the different lower-face and neck aging components. No clinical trial has evaluated its effect on the different face and neck components and no study has compared it to the "Nefertiti Lift" procedure. METHODS: In this crossover study, patients previously treated with the "Nefertiti Lift" were injected using the Microbotox technique...
June 4, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806394/-application-of-amniotic-membrane-living-skin-equivalent-in-repairing-skin-defect-after-removal-of-congenital-giant-nevus
#2
Lüjun Yang, Hongjuan Wu, Mingjun Zhang, Sitian Xie, Danyan Ye, Shijie Tang
Objective: To investigate the feasibility of human amniotic membrane-living skin equivalent (AM-LSE) in repairing the skin defect. Methods: A 5-year-old boy with giant nevus at neck, shoulder, and back was admitted in July 2016. Normal skin tissue of the patient was harvested and keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts were separated and expanded in vitro . Human AM was donated from a normal delivery and de-epithelialized for constructing an LSE as a matrix. Keratinocytes were seeded on the epithelial side of the AM which was previously seeded with fibroblasts on the stromal side and then the complex was lifted for air-liquid surface cultivation for 10 days and observed under naked eyes and sampled for histological study...
December 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794700/innovative-surgical-approach-using-a-mesh-sling-for-the-aging-neck
#3
Yoav Gronovich
BACKGROUND: Rejuvenation of the neck is essential to achieve a young facade. Different approaches for aging neck rejuvenation have been developed throughout the years. Most of them focus on specific elements that contribute to the aging neck. The main drawbacks of these techniques are recurrence of the platysma bands, malposition, deformations, salivary problems, and defatting. These disadvantages and limitations have led the author to create a novel surgical approach to improve the aging neck that would be suitable for most patients...
June 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785405/prevalence-and-consequences-of-injuries-in-powerlifting-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Edit Strömbäck, Ulrika Aasa, Kajsa Gilenstam, Lars Berglund
Background: Powerlifting consists of the squat, bench press, and dead lift, and extreme loads are lifted during training and competitions. Previous studies, which have defined an injury as an event that causes an interruption in training or competitions, have reported a relatively low frequency of powerlifting injuries (1.0-4.4 injuries/1000 hours of training). No previous study has investigated the prevalence of injuries, defined as a condition of pain or impairment of bodily function that affects powerlifters' training, in a balanced sample of men and women, and no studies have established possible risk factors for an injury...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770861/the-fate-of-fogli-s-lore-s-fascial-platysma-fixation-optimalising-the-results-of-fogli-s-neck-lift-procedure
#5
Darryl J Hodgkinson
The author has modified previously described techniques of the superior suspension of the platysma muscle to Lore's fascia by developing an auriculoplastysmal fascial flap, which detaches the posterior platysma from its retaining ligaments to the sternomastoid muscle. Anterior to this flap, the platysma muscle is undermined and suture captured with three throws of a permanent 2.0 Tevdek suture. This suture and its three throws are fixed anterior to the tragus, which includes Lore's fascia and on tightening elevates the whole of the anterior neck as well as defines the cervicomental angle...
May 16, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730805/association-of-electromyographic-activation-patterns-with-pain-and-functional-disability-in-people-with-chronic-neck-pain
#6
Sharon M H Tsang, Grace P Y Szeto, Y F Xie, Raymond Y W Lee
PURPOSE: This study examined the activation patterns of the cervical and thoracic muscles in people with and without chronic neck pain during functional activities and their associations with pain intensity and functional disability. METHODS: Thirty-four adults with chronic neck pain and 34 asymptomatic adults were recruited. They were requested to perform active cervical movements and an upper limb lifting task. Electromyographic activation patterns (EMG) of bilateral upper trapezius, cervical erector spinae, sternocleidomastoid, and thoracic erector spinae were recorded during these tasks...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695537/aquatic-terrestrial-transitions-of-feeding-systems-in-vertebrates-a-mechanical-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Egon Heiss, Peter Aerts, Sam Van Wassenbergh
Transitions to terrestrial environments confront ancestrally aquatic animals with several mechanical and physiological problems owing to the different physical properties of water and air. As aquatic feeders generally make use of flows of water relative to the head to capture, transport and swallow food, it follows that morphological and behavioral changes were inevitably needed for the aquatic animals to successfully perform these functions on land. Here, we summarize the mechanical requirements of successful aquatic-to-terrestrial transitions in food capture, transport and swallowing by vertebrates and review how different taxa managed to fulfill these requirements...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686481/effects-of-cervical-manipulation-on-pain-grip-force-control-and-upper-extremity-muscle-activity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Marcelo Anderson Bracht, Ana Carina Buogo Coan, Abdalghani Yahya, Marcio José Dos Santos
Objectives: Individuals with neck pain experience disrupted grip force control when performing manipulative tasks. Manipulative physical therapy might decrease pain and change the activity of surrounding muscles; however, its effect on upper limb motor control remains undetermined. This study aims to analyze the effects of cervical manipulation on pressure pain threshold (PPT), upper extremity muscle activity along with grip force control in individuals with neck pain. Methods: Thirty subjects with neck pain were instructed to grasp and lift an object before and after cervical ( n  = 15) or sham ( n  = 15) manipulation...
May 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619804/effect-of-voluntary-teeth-clenching-and-sitting-posture-on-maximal-static-force-of-limb-muscles
#9
Ahmad H Alghadir, Hamayun Zafar, Zaheen A Iqbal, Einas S Al-Eisa
BACKGROUND: People clench their teeth to activate facial, neck and abdominal muscles when they need to generate heavy muscle force against large resistance like lifting heavy objects, in order to gain possible ergogenic advantage. These are termed as remote voluntary contractions. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of voluntary teeth clenching on maximal voluntary contraction of extensors and flexors of the knee, shoulder and elbow joints of the dominant side during slouch and unsupported upright sitting...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595737/surgical-approach-to-injuries-of-the-cervical-plexus-and-its-peripheral-nerve-branches
#10
David L Brown, A Lee Dellon
BACKGROUND: Located in the neck beneath the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the cervical plexus comprises a coalition of nerves originating from C1 through C4, which provide input to four cutaneous, seven motor, and three cranial nerves and the sympathetic trunk. Sporadic instances of injury to these superficial nerves have been reported. Nevertheless, this specific anatomical cause of neurogenic pain remains incompletely described and underrecognized. METHODS: Twelve patients presented with pain and were diagnosed with various combinations of injury to the lesser occipital, great auricular, transverse cervical, and supraclavicular nerves...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450732/combined-prostatic-urethral-lift-and-remodeling-of-the-prostate-and-bladder-neck-a-modified-transurethral-approach-in-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-lower-urinary-tract-obstruction
#11
Martin Schoenthaler, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Dominik Stefan Schoeb, Arkadiusz Miernik, Thomas Kunit, Simon Hein, Thomas R W Herrmann, Konrad Wilhelm
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of combining prostatic urethral lift (PUL) and a limited resection of the prostatic middle lobe or bladder neck incision in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were treated at two tertiary centers and followed prospectively. Patient evaluations included patient characteristics, relief of LUTS symptoms, erectile and ejaculatory function, continence, operative time and adverse events...
February 15, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445428/the-danger-zone-in-the-anterior-neck-anatomical-landmarks-to-avoid-injury-to-anterior-jugular-vein-during-face-lift-and-neck-lift
#12
Andrew M Swiergosz, J Stephen Gunn, Steven A Schulz, Joshua T Henderson, Joshua H Choo, Arian Mowlavi, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Background : An estimated 125,711 face-lifts and 54,281 neck-lifts were performed in 2015. Regardless of the technique employed, facial and neck flap elevation carries with it anatomical risk of which any surgeon performing these procedures should be aware of. Statistics related to anterior jugular vein injury during these procedures have not been published. Objective : To define a "danger zone" that will contain both of the anterior jugular veins on the basis of anatomical landmarks to aid surgeons with planning their surgical approach during rhytidectomy in the anterior neck region...
2018: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410596/immediate-effects-of-scapular-stabilizing-exercise-in-chronic-stroke-patient-with-winging-and-elevated-scapula-a-case-study
#13
Si-Eun Park, Yang-Rae Kim, Yong-Youn Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of scapular stabilizing exercise in a stroke patient with winging and elevated scapula. [Subject and Methods] The subject was a 46-year-old female with a history of stroke. She had right side hemiplegia with winging and elevated scapula on the right side, and had compensatory motions of the neck and shoulder when using the paretic upper extremity. The subject participated in scapular stabilizing exercises for four days. This exercise program consisted of scapular protraction-retraction in an upright seated position...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370544/evaluation-criteria-and-surgical-technique-for-transoral-access-to-the-thyroid-gland-experimental-study
#14
Alexander M Shulutko, Vasiliy I Semikov, Elkhan G Osmanov, Sergey E Gryaznov, Anna V Gorbacheva, Alla R Patalova, Gaukhar T Mansurova, Airazat M Kazaryan
BACKGROUND: The development of endoscopic techniques motivated surgeons to search for alternative and more cosmetic approaches for thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Several variations of transoral access to the anterior neck areas were applied in recent years. One of them is a premandibular access proposed by Nakajo et al, it is performed through the oral vestibule by creating the working space by means of the lifting method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen unfixed human cadavers were used to develop the endoscopic access to the thyroid gland and surgical techniques of its resection...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369107/facelift-practice-evolution-objective-implementation-of-new-surgical-techniques
#15
Patrick J Buchanan, Danielle C Mihora, Bruce A Mast
BACKGROUND: Facial rejuvenation is an elective procedure commonly performed to combat the consequences of normal aging. The senior author's practice initially consisted of traditional facelifts with superficial muscular apopneurotic system plication and/or superficial muscular apopneurotic system flap. After the development of the minimal access cranial suspension (MACS) technique by Tonnard et al., the senior author transitioned to an almost exclusive MACS facelift practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of the MACS technique versus the traditional facelift approach and objectively incorporate these results into practice...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362689/ergonomic-risk-and-preventive-measures-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-the-dentistry-environment-an-umbrella-review
#16
Simone De Sio, Veronica Traversini, Francesca Rinaldo, Valerio Colasanti, Giuseppe Buomprisco, Roberto Perri, Federica Mormone, Giuseppe La Torre, Fabrizio Guerra
Introduction: Dental practitioners are exposed to different occupational hazards during the course of their professional activity, such as physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic factors. The ergonomic hazards, caused by strained posture and prolonged repetitive movements, can induce musculoskeletal disorders. It occurs in 54-93% of dental professionals and involve the spine, shoulder and hand-wrist tract. Through a systematic review of international literature, we analyzed specific ergonomic risk factors and preventive measures of musculoskeletal disorders in professional dental activity...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335773/effects-of-combining-ergonomic-interventions-and-motor-control-exercises-on-muscle-activity-and-kinematics-in-people-with-work-related-neck-shoulder-pain
#17
Sharon M H Tsang, Billy C L So, Rufina W L Lau, Jie Dai, Grace P Y Szeto
PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of "Ergomotor" intervention and conventional physiotherapy, on influencing the motor control in the neck-shoulder region in people with work-related neck-shoulder pain (WRNSP). METHODS: 101 patients (age range 20-54 years) diagnosed with chronic WRNSP were randomized into control (CO) group (n = 50) and Ergomotor (EM) group (n = 51). Each group received a 12-week intervention. Participants in CO group received treatment for pain relief and general exercises...
April 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332749/long-term-effect-of-direction-movement-control-training-on-female-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain
#18
Zohreh Khosrokiani, Amir Letafatkar, Yahya Sokhanguei
BACKGROUND: Treatment of movement faults in the neck is known as an important factor in treatment of chronic neck pain. Along with the identification of site and direction of the faults, direction-movement control intervention retrains the control of the movement faults. PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate long-term effects of a direction-movement control training on pain, disability, head repositioning accuracy, function, cervical flexor endurance, and range of motion in female patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330275/case-of-chest-pain-in-a-young-man
#19
Ankit Gupta, Atul Vijay Palkar, Priya Narwal
A young man with a history of smoking presented with acute-onset chest pain after lifting weights. He also noticed a change in his voice, tightness in his neck and difficulty breathing. A chest radiograph showed soft tissue emphysema in the neck. A CT scan of the chest revealed moderate amount of pneumomediastinum tracking into the neck and down to the diaphragm. He was haemodynamically stable and had no hypoxia or dysphagia. He was monitored for 48 hours and discharged home after resolution of his symptoms...
January 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303468/validation-of-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-computerized-adaptive-tests-in-cervical-spine-surgery
#20
Barrett S Boody, Surabhi Bhatt, Aditya S Mazmudar, Wellington K Hsu, Nan E Rothrock, Alpesh A Patel
OBJECTIVE The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS), which is funded by the National Institutes of Health, is a set of adaptive, responsive assessment tools that measures patient-reported health status. PROMIS measures have not been validated for surgical patients with cervical spine disorders. The objective of this project is to evaluate the validity (e.g., convergent validity, known-groups validity, responsiveness to change) of PROMIS computer adaptive tests (CATs) for pain behavior, pain interference, and physical function in patients undergoing cervical spine surgery...
March 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
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