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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619804/effect-of-voluntary-teeth-clenching-and-sitting-posture-on-maximal-static-force-of-limb-muscles
#1
Ahmad H Alghadir, Hamayun Zafar, Zaheen A Iqbal, Einas S Al-Eisa
BACKGROUND: People clench their teeth to activate facial, neck and abdominal muscles when they need to generate heavy muscle force against large resistance like lifting heavy objects, in order to gain possible ergogenic advantage. These are termed as remote voluntary contractions. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of voluntary teeth clenching on maximal voluntary contraction of extensors and flexors of the knee, shoulder and elbow joints of the dominant side during slouch and unsupported upright sitting...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595737/surgical-approach-to-injuries-of-the-cervical-plexus-and-its-peripheral-nerve-branches
#2
David L Brown, A Lee Dellon
BACKGROUND: Located in the neck beneath the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the cervical plexus comprises a coalition of nerves originating from C1 through C4, which provide input to four cutaneous, seven motor, and three cranial nerves and the sympathetic trunk. Sporadic instances of injury to these superficial nerves have been reported. Nevertheless, this specific anatomical cause of neurogenic pain remains incompletely described and underrecognized. METHODS: Twelve patients presented with pain and were diagnosed with various combinations of injury to the lesser occipital, great auricular, transverse cervical, and supraclavicular nerves...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450732/combined-prostatic-urethral-lift-and-remodeling-of-the-prostate-and-bladder-neck-a-modified-transurethral-approach-in-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-lower-urinary-tract-obstruction
#3
Martin Schoenthaler, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Dominik Stefan Schoeb, Arkadiusz Miernik, Thomas Kunit, Simon Hein, Thomas R W Herrmann, Konrad Wilhelm
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of combining prostatic urethral lift (PUL) and a limited resection of the prostatic middle lobe or bladder neck incision in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were treated at two tertiary centers and followed prospectively. Patient evaluations included patient characteristics, relief of LUTS symptoms, erectile and ejaculatory function, continence, operative time and adverse events...
February 15, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445428/the-danger-zone-in-the-anterior-neck-anatomical-landmarks-to-avoid-injury-to-anterior-jugular-vein-during-face-lift-and-neck-lift
#4
Andrew M Swiergosz, J Stephen Gunn, Steven A Schulz, Joshua T Henderson, Joshua H Choo, Arian Mowlavi, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Background : An estimated 125,711 face-lifts and 54,281 neck-lifts were performed in 2015. Regardless of the technique employed, facial and neck flap elevation carries with it anatomical risk of which any surgeon performing these procedures should be aware of. Statistics related to anterior jugular vein injury during these procedures have not been published. Objective : To define a "danger zone" that will contain both of the anterior jugular veins on the basis of anatomical landmarks to aid surgeons with planning their surgical approach during rhytidectomy in the anterior neck region...
2018: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410596/immediate-effects-of-scapular-stabilizing-exercise-in-chronic-stroke-patient-with-winging-and-elevated-scapula-a-case-study
#5
Si-Eun Park, Yang-Rae Kim, Yong-Youn Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of scapular stabilizing exercise in a stroke patient with winging and elevated scapula. [Subject and Methods] The subject was a 46-year-old female with a history of stroke. She had right side hemiplegia with winging and elevated scapula on the right side, and had compensatory motions of the neck and shoulder when using the paretic upper extremity. The subject participated in scapular stabilizing exercises for four days. This exercise program consisted of scapular protraction-retraction in an upright seated position...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370544/evaluation-criteria-and-surgical-technique-for-transoral-access-to-the-thyroid-gland-experimental-study
#6
Alexander M Shulutko, Vasiliy I Semikov, Elkhan G Osmanov, Sergey E Gryaznov, Anna V Gorbacheva, Alla R Patalova, Gaukhar T Mansurova, Airazat M Kazaryan
BACKGROUND: The development of endoscopic techniques motivated surgeons to search for alternative and more cosmetic approaches for thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Several variations of transoral access to the anterior neck areas were applied in recent years. One of them is a premandibular access proposed by Nakajo et al, it is performed through the oral vestibule by creating the working space by means of the lifting method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen unfixed human cadavers were used to develop the endoscopic access to the thyroid gland and surgical techniques of its resection...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369107/facelift-practice-evolution-objective-implementation-of-new-surgical-techniques
#7
Patrick J Buchanan, Danielle C Mihora, Bruce A Mast
BACKGROUND: Facial rejuvenation is an elective procedure commonly performed to combat the consequences of normal aging. The senior author's practice initially consisted of traditional facelifts with superficial muscular apopneurotic system plication and/or superficial muscular apopneurotic system flap. After the development of the minimal access cranial suspension (MACS) technique by Tonnard et al., the senior author transitioned to an almost exclusive MACS facelift practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of the MACS technique versus the traditional facelift approach and objectively incorporate these results into practice...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362689/ergonomic-risk-and-preventive-measures-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-the-dentistry-environment-an-umbrella-review
#8
Simone De Sio, Veronica Traversini, Francesca Rinaldo, Valerio Colasanti, Giuseppe Buomprisco, Roberto Perri, Federica Mormone, Giuseppe La Torre, Fabrizio Guerra
Introduction: Dental practitioners are exposed to different occupational hazards during the course of their professional activity, such as physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic factors. The ergonomic hazards, caused by strained posture and prolonged repetitive movements, can induce musculoskeletal disorders. It occurs in 54-93% of dental professionals and involve the spine, shoulder and hand-wrist tract. Through a systematic review of international literature, we analyzed specific ergonomic risk factors and preventive measures of musculoskeletal disorders in professional dental activity...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335773/effects-of-combining-ergonomic-interventions-and-motor-control-exercises-on-muscle-activity-and-kinematics-in-people-with-work-related-neck-shoulder-pain
#9
Sharon M H Tsang, Billy C L So, Rufina W L Lau, Jie Dai, Grace P Y Szeto
PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of "Ergomotor" intervention and conventional physiotherapy, on influencing the motor control in the neck-shoulder region in people with work-related neck-shoulder pain (WRNSP). METHODS: 101 patients (age range 20-54 years) diagnosed with chronic WRNSP were randomized into control (CO) group (n = 50) and Ergomotor (EM) group (n = 51). Each group received a 12-week intervention. Participants in CO group received treatment for pain relief and general exercises...
April 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332749/long-term-effect-of-direction-movement-control-training-on-female-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain
#10
Zohreh Khosrokiani, Amir Letafatkar, Yahya Sokhanguei
BACKGROUND: Treatment of movement faults in the neck is known as an important factor in treatment of chronic neck pain. Along with the identification of site and direction of the faults, direction-movement control intervention retrains the control of the movement faults. PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate long-term effects of a direction-movement control training on pain, disability, head repositioning accuracy, function, cervical flexor endurance, and range of motion in female patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330275/case-of-chest-pain-in-a-young-man
#11
Ankit Gupta, Atul Vijay Palkar, Priya Narwal
A young man with a history of smoking presented with acute-onset chest pain after lifting weights. He also noticed a change in his voice, tightness in his neck and difficulty breathing. A chest radiograph showed soft tissue emphysema in the neck. A CT scan of the chest revealed moderate amount of pneumomediastinum tracking into the neck and down to the diaphragm. He was haemodynamically stable and had no hypoxia or dysphagia. He was monitored for 48 hours and discharged home after resolution of his symptoms...
January 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303468/validation-of-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-computerized-adaptive-tests-in-cervical-spine-surgery
#12
Barrett S Boody, Surabhi Bhatt, Aditya S Mazmudar, Wellington K Hsu, Nan E Rothrock, Alpesh A Patel
OBJECTIVE The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS), which is funded by the National Institutes of Health, is a set of adaptive, responsive assessment tools that measures patient-reported health status. PROMIS measures have not been validated for surgical patients with cervical spine disorders. The objective of this project is to evaluate the validity (e.g., convergent validity, known-groups validity, responsiveness to change) of PROMIS computer adaptive tests (CATs) for pain behavior, pain interference, and physical function in patients undergoing cervical spine surgery...
March 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276634/a-lower-level-of-physically-demanding-work-is-associated-with-excellent-work-ability-in-men-and-women-with-neck-pain-in-different-age-groups
#13
Stefan Oliv, Adnan Noor, Ewa Gustafsson, Mats Hagberg
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate which physical and psychosocial work demands were associated with excellent work ability in individuals with neck pain, and to investigate age and sex differences in these associations. Methods: The study sample was obtained from the Statistics Sweden cross-sectional Work Environment survey and consisted of workers who reported neck pain after work ( N  = 3,212). Results: The findings showed an association between excellent work ability and self-reported low exposure to lifting, twisted work posture, working with hands in shoulder level or higher, and leaning forward without support and combination of exposures containing these work demands...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228936/inter-day-reliability-of-surface-electromyography-recordings-of-the-lumbar-part-of-erector-spinae-longissimus-and-trapezius-descendens-during-box-lifting
#14
Mikkel Brandt, Lars Louis Andersen, Afshin Samani, Markus Due Jakobsen, Pascal Madeleine
BACKGROUND: Low back pain and neck-shoulder pain are the most reported types of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, and performing heavy lifting at work and working with trunk rotation increase the risk of developing work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Surface electromyography (sEMG) provides information about the electrical activity of muscles. Thus it has the potential to retrieve indirect information about the physical exposure of specific muscles of workers during their actual work...
December 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228145/rejuvenating-the-face-an-analysis-of-100-absorbable-suture-suspension-patients
#15
Michael Patrick Ogilvie, Julius Warren Few, Shikhar Singh Tomur, Chad Michael Teven, Alec James Semersky, Caroline Regan Bruno, Natasha Tamagni Kulick
Background: Absorbable suture suspension (Silhouette InstaLift, Sinclair Pharma, Irvine, CA) is a novel, minimally invasive system that utilizes a specially manufactured synthetic suture to help address the issues of facial aging, while minimizing the risks associated with historic thread lifting modalities. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to assess the safety, efficacy, and patient satisfaction of the absorbable suture suspension system in regards to facial rejuvenation and midface volume enhancement...
December 8, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194167/critical-care-nurses-pain-experiences-and-the-prognostic-factors
#16
Sevim Çelik, Nurten Taşdemir, Ayşe Öksüzoğlu, Elif Dirimeşe, Sema Koçaşli
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the emergence of pain in critical-care nurses and the prognostic risk factors. DESIGN: This study is a cross-sectional descriptive research. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: This study was conducted with the participation of 111 critical-care nurses in Zonguldak province, Turkey. INTERVENTIONS: The data were collected using a survey form and the Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire between August and November 2015...
January 2018: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166930/a-prospective-cohort-study-identifying-risk-factors-for-shoulder-injuries-in-adolescent-elite-handball-players-the-karolinska-handball-study-khast-study-protocol
#17
Martin Asker, Markus Waldén, Henrik Källberg, Lena W Holm, Eva Skillgate
BACKGROUND: Handball is a physical contact sport that includes frequent overhead throwing, and this combination leads to a high rate of shoulder injuries. Several factors have been associated with shoulder injuries in overhead athletes, but strong scientific evidence is lacking for most suggested risk factors. We therefore designed the Karolinska Handball Study (KHAST) with the aim to identify risk factors for shoulder injuries in adolescent male and female elite handball players studying at handball-profiled secondary schools in Sweden...
November 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109633/comparison-of-ease-of-intubation-in-sniffing-position-and-further-neck-flexion
#18
Kiran Kumar Gudivada, Nirmala Jonnavithula, Sai Lakshman Pasupuleti, Chaitanya Prathyusha Apparasu, Syama Sundar Ayya, Gopinath Ramachandran
Background and Aims: Optimization of patient's head and neck position for the best laryngeal view is the most important step before laryngoscopy and intubation. The objective of this prospective crossover study was to determine the differences, if any, between the gold standard sniffing position (SP) and the further head elevation (HE) (neck flexion) with regard to the incidence of difficult laryngoscopy, intubation difficulty, and variables of the I ntubation Difficulty Scale (IDS) in adult patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia...
July 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064986/male-surgical-neck-rejuvenation
#19
REVIEW
Ronald L Moy, Lauren Moy
BACKGROUND: Patients who are aging, with weight gain, and increased skin laxity, request dermatologists to improve their neck area. Surgical and nonsurgical options are reviewed as well as benefits and side effects. This article will focus on how surgical techniques can be applied for male patients in particular. OBJECTIVE: To review surgical neck rejuvenation therapies available currently to find the best option for male patients. CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment of the male neck to improve mandibular contour and loose neck skin requires tightening of the platysmal muscle and usually skin removal in the postauricular sulcus and into the hairline...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019642/spine-conditions-occupational-spine-conditions
#20
REVIEW
Marc A Childress
Neck and back conditions have significant effects on employee health and productivity. More than $7 billion in lost revenue in the United States annually can be attributed to workplace back pain among employees ages 40 to 65 years. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2012 back pain was the most prevalent musculoskeletal condition resulting in workplace absenteeism. The incidence of these conditions is higher among individuals in certain professions, such as bus drivers, police officers, and correctional officers...
October 2017: FP Essentials
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