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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066943/potential-value-of-the-common-vetch-vicia-sativa-l-as-an-animal-feedstuff-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Y F Huang, X L Gao, Z B Nan, Z X Zhang
The objective of this review was to systematically evaluate common vetch seeds as a potential feedstuff for animals, by summarizing and discussing the available published literature covering their nutritional composition as well as their content of antinutritional factors and potential techniques for their reduction. In addition, animal feeding studies that have investigated the effect of inclusion of common vetch seeds on animal growth and performance were identified and evaluated to stimulate interest in their use as a good source of nutrients for inclusion in animal diets...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063189/effects-of-different-sources-of-protein-on-the-growth-performance-blood-chemistry-and-polypeptide-profiles-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-digesta-of-newly-weaned-piglets
#2
R Z Zhong, J Q Xia, H Sun, G X Qin
To determine the effects of different sources of protein on the growth performance of newly weaned piglets, 72 newly weaned piglets were randomly assigned to three groups fed different diets (soya bean, casein and dried distillers' grain with solubles (DDGS) feeds). Casein and DDGS feeds consisted of soya bean feed in which 5% of the CP was replaced with casein- or DDGS-derived CP respectively. Blood and chyme samples were collected from each piglet 2 h post-feeding on days 0 and 28 of the feeding period. The DDGS feed decreased DMI (p = 0...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060879/effect-of-replacing-soybean-meal-by-raw-or-extruded-pea-seeds-on-growth-performance-and-selected-physiological-parameters-of-the-ileum-and-distal-colon-of-pigs
#3
Anna Tuśnio, Marcin Taciak, Marcin Barszcz, Ewa Święch, Ilona Bachanek, Jacek Skomiał
The use of pea seeds is limited due to the content of antinutritional factors that may affect gut physiology. Heat treatment such as extrusion may reduce heat-labile antinutritional factors and improve the nutritional value of pea seeds. This study determined the effect of partial replacement of soybean meal in pig diets by raw or extruded pea seeds on growth performance, nitrogen balance and physiology of the ileum and distal colon. The experiment was carried out in 18 castrated male piglets of initial body weight of 11 kg, divided into three groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046072/effects-of-protease-addition-and-replacement-of-soybean-meal-by-corn-gluten-meal-on-the-growth-of-broilers-and-on-the-environmental-performances-of-a-broiler-production-system-in-greece
#4
Ilias Giannenas, Eleftherios Bonos, Vasileios Anestis, Georgios Filioussis, Dimitrios K Papanastasiou, Thomas Bartzanas, Nikolaos Papaioannou, Athina Tzora, Ioannis Skoufos
An experimental study was conducted to examine the combined effects of adding a dietary protease, reducing the levels of soybean meal (SBM) and introducing corn gluten meal (CGM) in the ration of a group of broilers reared on a commercial Greek farm. Five hundred forty chicks were divided into three dietary treatments with six replicates of thirty birds each. The first group (Control) was fed a conventional diet based on corn and soybean meal, containing 21% w/w crude protein (CP). The second group (Soy-Prot) was supplied a corn and SBM-based diet containing a lower level of CP (20% w/w) and 200 mg of the protease RONOZYME® Proact per kg of feed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045206/assessment-of-tissue-development-in-fattening-quails-using-the-stable-isotope-technique
#5
J C R Rezende, M M P Sartori, J R Sartori, C Ducatti, J C Denadai, A C Pezzato
We aimed to study the behaviour of tissue renewal in blood, pectoral muscle and keel of fattening quails during their growth and adulthood through carbon-13 turnover using the stable isotope technique. Three hundred male European quails were randomly subjected to six treatments. Diets fed to animals were initially based on corn and soybean meal and were replaced at 0, 7, 14, 21, 28 and 35 days of age with diets of rice grits and soybean meal. These diets have distinct isotopic signals and over time it changes; the tissue will incorporate dietary signal, and then, we can measure the return time for each tissue in each age...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045202/raw-mechanically-separated-chicken-meat-and-salmon-protein-hydrolysate-as-protein-sources-in-extruded-dog-food-effect-on-protein-and-amino-acid-digestibility
#6
M T Tjernsbekk, A-H Tauson, O F Kraugerud, Ø Ahlstrøm
Protein quality was evaluated for mechanically separated chicken meat (MSC) and salmon protein hydrolysate (SPH), and for extruded dog foods where MSC or SPH partially replaced poultry meal (PM). Apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of crude protein (CP) and amino acids (AA) in the protein ingredients and extruded foods was determined with mink (Neovison vison). The extruded dog foods included a control diet with protein from PM and grain, and two diets where MSC or SPH provided 25% of the dietary CP. Nutrient composition of the protein ingredients varied, dry matter (DM) was 944...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009851/artificial-diets-for-mosquitoes
#7
REVIEW
Kristina K Gonzales, Immo A Hansen
Mosquito-borne diseases are responsible for more than a million human deaths every year. Modern mosquito control strategies such as sterile insect technique (SIT), release of insects carrying a dominant lethal (RIDL), population replacement strategies (PR), and Wolbachia-based strategies require the rearing of large numbers of mosquitoes in culture for continuous release over an extended period of time. Anautogenous mosquitoes require essential nutrients for egg production, which they obtain through the acquisition and digestion of a protein-rich blood meal...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000914/inclusion-of-hermetia-illucens-larvae-meal-on-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-feed-effect-on-sensory-profile-according-to-static-and-dynamic-evaluations
#8
Monica Borgogno, Caterina Dinnella, Valeria Iaconisi, Renzo Fusi, Claudia Scarpaleggia, Achille Schiavone, Erminio Monteleone, Laura Gasco, Giuliana Parisi
BACKGROUND: Diet implementation with insect meal arouses increased attention in aquaculture considering the advantages of this new protein source. The effect of Hermetia illucens meal (HI) inclusion in diets on rainbow trout physical-chemical and sensory properties was evaluated. Three diets were prepared: HI0, HI25, HI50, with 0, 25 and 50% of HI replacing fish meal, respectively. Fillet sensory profiles were described by descriptive analysis (DA) and Temporal Dominance of Sensation (TDS) methods...
December 21, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988110/the-effect-of-by-product-inclusion-level-on-milk-production-nutrient-digestibility-and-excretion-and-rumen-fermentation-parameters-in-lactating-dairy-cows-offered-a-pasture-based-diet
#9
S J Whelan, W Carey, T M Boland, M B Lynch, A K Kelly, G Rajauria, K M Pierce
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of replacing barley and soybean meal with increasing levels of by-products on production, digestive, and metabolic parameters in early-mid lactation dairy cows offered perennial ryegrass-based pasture. Forty-eight (32 multiparous and 16 primiparous) dairy cows that were 64 ± 24 d in milk were assigned to 1 of 4 pasture-based dietary treatments (n = 12) in a randomized block design experiment that ran for 70 d. Treatments consisted of a perennial ryegrass-based pasture and 1 of 4 supplementary concentrates: BP35, BP55, BP75, and BP95 containing 35, 55, 75, and 95% by-products, respectively, in the concentrate on a dry matter basis...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986728/alternative-protein-sources-in-the-diet-modulate-microbiota-and-functionality-in-the-distal-intestine-of-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#10
Karina Gajardo, Alexander Jaramillo-Torres, Trond M Kortner, Daniel L Merrifield, John Tinsley, Anne Marie Bakke, Åshild Krogdahl
: The present study aimed to investigate whether alternative dietary protein sources modulate the microbial communities in the distal intestine (DI) of Atlantic salmon, and if alterations in microbiota profiles are reflected in modifications to host intestinal function and health status. A 48-day feeding trial was conducted, in which groups of fish received one of five diets: A reference diet in which fishmeal (diet FM) was the only protein source and four experimental diets with commercially relevant compositions containing alternative ingredients as partial replacements of fishmeal, i...
December 16, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957678/haemato-biochemical-non-specific-immunity-antioxidant-capacity-and-histopathological-changes-in-labeo-rohita-fingerlings-fed-rubber-protein-isolate
#11
Femi John Fawole, N P Sahu, K K Jain, S Gupta, K V Rajendran, N Shamna, Nalini Poojary
A 60-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the haemato-biochemical, innate immune response, antioxidant capacity and histopathological changes in Labeo rohita fingerlings fed rubber protein isolates (RPI). One hundred and eighty fingerlings (average weight 4.45 ± 0.01 g) were distributed into five experimental groups in triplicate and fed with isonitrogenous and isocaloric diets. Soybean protein isolate (SPI) served as the reference diet (Control), and the treatment diets were formulated as RPI25, RPI50, RPI75 and RPI100 replacing 25, 50, 75 and 100% of SPI protein, respectively...
December 12, 2016: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956737/effects-of-aspartame-monk-fruit-stevia-and-sucrose-sweetened-beverages-on-postprandial-glucose-insulin-and-energy-intake
#12
S L Tey, N B Salleh, J Henry, C G Forde
BackgroundSubstituting sweeteners with non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) may aid in glycaemic control and body weight management. Limited studies have investigated energy compensation, glycaemic and insulinaemic responses to artificial and natural NNS.ObjectivesThis study compared the effects of consuming NNS (artificial vs. natural) and sucrose (65 g) on energy intake, blood glucose and insulin responses.MethodsThirty healthy males took part in this randomised, crossover study with four treatments: aspartame-, monk fruit-, Stevia-, and sucrose-sweetened beverages...
December 13, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930475/weight-loss-associated-with-employee-income-in-an-incentivized-employee-wellness-program
#13
Jennifer T Fink, Jennifer Rich, David R Smith, Maharaj Singh, Kelly Sutton, George Mueller, Doug M Ihrke, Jessica L Skalla, Ron A Cisler
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between the type of incentivized wellness program and employee weight loss and the effects of participant income. METHODS: We retrospectively examined employees who participated in one of six weight loss wellness programs, which were categorized for the present analysis: reweigh/body mass index, Coaching, and Weight Watchers/Meal Replacement. Those who participated were eligible for a $350/year insurance premium discount. RESULTS: Employees in the low-income category of $45K or less participated at a higher rate, however, did not lose as much weight as those participants in the higher income categories of $70K or more...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919361/adverse-effects-on-insulin-secretion-of-replacing-saturated-fat-with-refined-carbohydrate-but-not-with-monounsaturated-fat-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-centrally-obese-subjects
#14
Lin F Chang, Shireene R Vethakkan, Kalanithi Nesaretnam, Thomas A B Sanders, Kim-Tiu Teng
BACKGROUND: Current dietary guidelines recommend the replacement of saturated fatty acids (SAFAs) with carbohydrates or monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) based on evidence on lipid profile alone, the chronic effects of the mentioned replacements on insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity are however unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the chronic effects of the substitution of refined carbohydrate or MUFA for SAFA on insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity in centrally obese subjects...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916819/the-nutritional-value-and-health-benefits-of-chickpeas-and-hummus
#15
REVIEW
Taylor C Wallace, Robert Murray, Kathleen M Zelman
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans advocate for increasing vegetable intake and replacing energy-dense foods with those that are nutrient-dense. Most Americans do not eat enough vegetables, and particularly legumes, each day, despite their well-established benefits for health. Traditional hummus is a nutrient-dense dip or spread made from cooked, mashed chickpeas, blended with tahini, olive oil, lemon juice, and spices. Consumers of chickpeas and/or hummus have been shown to have higher nutrient intakes of dietary fiber, polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin C, folate, magnesium, potassium, and iron as compared to non-consumers...
November 29, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907206/intestinal-fluid-permeability-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-l-is-affected-by-dietary-protein-source
#16
Haibin Hu, Trond M Kortner, Karina Gajardo, Elvis Chikwati, John Tinsley, Åshild Krogdahl
In Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), and also in other fish species, certain plant protein ingredients can increase fecal water content creating a diarrhea-like condition which may impair gut function and reduce fish growth. The present study aimed to strengthen understanding of the underlying mechanisms by observing effects of various alternative plant protein sources when replacing fish meal on expression of genes encoding proteins playing key roles in regulation of water transport across the mucosa of the distal intestine (DI)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904925/breaking-sitting-with-light-activities-vs-structured-exercise-a-randomised-crossover-study-demonstrating-benefits-for-glycaemic-control-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-type-2-diabetes
#17
Bernard M F M Duvivier, Nicolaas C Schaper, Matthijs K C Hesselink, Linh van Kan, Nathalie Stienen, Bjorn Winkens, Annemarie Koster, Hans H C M Savelberg
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to examine the effects of breaking sitting with standing and light-intensity walking vs an energy-matched bout of structured exercise on 24 h glucose levels and insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In a randomised crossover study, 19 patients with type 2 diabetes (13 men/6 women, 63 ± 9 years old) who were not using insulin each followed three regimens under free-living conditions, each lasting 4 days: (1) Sitting: 4415 steps/day with 14 h sitting/day; (2) Exercise: 4823 steps/day with 1...
December 1, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903321/impact-of-fat-source-and-dietary-fibers-on-feed-intake-plasma-metabolites-litter-gain-and-the-yield-and-composition-of-milk-in-sows
#18
U Krogh, T S Bruun, J Poulsen, P K Theil
Sow lactation diets often include fat sources without considering the impact on digestion, metabolism and performance. Fiber ingredients may reduce feed intake and are often completely excluded from lactation diets, although locally available ingredients may be cost-efficient alternatives to partly replace cereals in lactation diets. Thus, a standard lactation diet low in dietary fiber, and two high-fiber diets based on sugar beet pulp (SBP) or alfalfa meal (ALF) were formulated. The SBP diet was high in soluble non-starch polysaccharides (NSP), whereas ALF being high in insoluble NSP...
December 1, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898972/intake-digestibility-performance-and-nitrogen-metabolism-of-feedlot-finished-young-bulls-fed-diets-containing-peanut-cake
#19
B R Correia, G G P de Carvalho, R L Oliveira, A J V Pires, O L Ribeiro, R R Silva, A G Leão, P A Oliveira
This aim of this study was to evaluate the use of peanut cake as a dietary substitute for soybean meal and to determine the effects on intake, apparent digestibility, performance, and N metabolism in feedlot-finished young bulls. Thirty-two young Nellore bulls with an average initial BW of 390 ± 43.5 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design and individually housed in stalls. The young bulls were fed Tifton 85 hay and 4 concentrate mixes containing 0, 33, 66, or 100% peanut cake replacing soybean meal...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898907/apparent-total-tract-macronutrient-digestibility-fecal-characteristics-and-fecal-fermentative-end-product-concentrations-of-healthy-adult-dogs-fed-bioprocessed-soy-protein
#20
A N Beloshapka, M R C de Godoy, K B Detweiler, M Newcomb, K H Ellegård, G C Fahey, K S Swanson
Animal proteins are commonly used in extruded dog foods. Plant-based proteins have a more consistent nutrient profile than animal sources but may contain antinutritional factors, including trypsin inhibitors and oligosaccharides. Bioprocessed soy protein (SP; HP-300; Hamlet Protein, Inc., Findlay, OH) is a processed soy-based product with low antinutritional factor concentrations and high protein quality. The objective was to evaluate the effects of SP on apparent total tract macronutrient digestibility, fecal characteristics, and fecal fermentative end products...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
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