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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641384/acute-testosterone-deficiency-alters-adipose-tissue-fatty-acid-storage
#1
Sylvia Santosa, Nikki C Bush, Michael D Jensen
Context: Although the long-term effects of testosterone on adipose tissue lipid metabolism in men have been defined, the short-term regulation of these effects is not well understood. Objective: We examined the effects of acute testosterone withdrawal on subcutaneous abdominal and femoral adipose tissue fatty acid (FA) storage and cellular mechanisms. Design: This was a prospective, randomized trial. Setting: Mayo Clinic Clinical Research Unit...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638832/the-response-of-macro-and-micronutrient-nutrient-status-and-biochemical-processes-in-rats-fed-on-a-diet-with-selenium-enriched-defatted-rapeseed-and-or-vitamin-e-supplementation
#2
Michaela Rýdlová, Karolína Růnová, Jiřina Száková, Alena Fučíková, Anna Hakenová, Petr Mlejnek, Václav Zídek, Jana Tremlová, Oto Mestek, Antonín Kaňa, Jarmila Zídková, Magdalena Melčová, Klára Truhlářová, Pavel Tlustoš
The response of nutrient status and biochemical processes in (i) Wistar and (ii) spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats upon dietary intake of selenium- (Se-) enriched defatted rapeseed (DRS) and/or vitamin E fortification was examined to assess the health benefit of DRS in animal nutrition. Twenty-four individuals of each type of rat were used: The control group was fed with an untreated diet (Diet A). In Diets B and C, soybean meal was replaced with defatted DRS, which comprised 14% of the total diet. The selenized DRS application resulted in ~3-fold increase of Se content in the diet...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638812/how-canola-and-sunflower-oils-affect-lipid-profile-and-anthropometric-parameters-of-participants-with-dyslipidemia
#3
Sedigheh Saedi, Mona Noroozi, Naghmeh Khosrotabar, Shadi Mazandarani, Behshid Ghadrdoost
Background: Restricted intakes of saturated and trans-fatty acids and replacement with poly or monounsaturated fatty acids are emphasized in healthy diets. This study evaluates the effects of a six-month consumption of canola oil compared to sunflower oil on lipid profile and anthropometric parameters of people affected by dyslipidemia. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 96 patients with dyslipidemia, who were randomly assigned into canola oil or the sunflower oil groups. The participants were instructed to record the contents of their daily meals, beverages, fruits, and snacks a day before treatment, at the second clinic visit, in the third month, and at the end of study (i...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625019/efficacy-of-azithromycin-and-compounded-atovaquone-for-treatment-of-babesia-gibsoni-in-dogs
#4
S K Kirk, J K Levy, P C Crawford
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of dogs confiscated during dogfighting investigations are infected with Babesia gibsoni. Traditional management of B. gibsoni with polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-screening, treatment with commercially available azithromycin and atovaquone, and PCR testing after 60 and 90 days is costly and impractical for large numbers of dogs at a time. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of an alternative protocol in which commercial atovaquone was replaced by compounded medication and PCR monitoring was initiated at 30 days after the end of treatment to decrease the total management time...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624930/basal-and-bolus-insulin-dose-changes-after-switching-basal-insulin-to-insulin-degludec-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes%C3%A2-mellitus-a-pilot-study
#5
Yoshiyuki Hamamoto, Sachiko Honjo, Kanta Fujimoto, Shinsuke Tokumoto, Hiroki Ikeda, Yoshiharu Wada, Hiroyuki Koshiyama
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultra-long-acting insulin degludec (DEG) has a longer duration of action and less daily variability relative to other basal insulin (BI), and thus may benefit patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). We examined the impact of switching BI to DEG on glycemic control and insulin dose in T1DM. METHODS: T1DM patients (n = 22; six male; mean age: 64.5 ± 12.6 years) receiving basal-bolus insulin therapy were included. Initially, the BI dose was replaced with DEG in a 1:1 ratio; 80-100% of the total dose was replaced with DEG for multiple basal insulin injections...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616765/effects-of-replacing-fish-meal-with-rubber-seed-meal-on-growth-nutrient-utilization-and-cholesterol-metabolism-of-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-%C3%A3-o-aureus
#6
Junming Deng, Kun Wang, Kangsen Mai, Liqiao Chen, Lu Zhang, Haifeng Mi
A feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of replacing fish meal with rubber seed meal (RSM) on growth, nutrient utilization, and cholesterol metabolism of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochromis aureus). Five experimental diets were formulated with 0, 150, 300, 450, and 600 g kg(-1) RSM replacing graded levels of fish meal, respectively. Each diet was randomly assigned to triplicate groups of 25 fish (initial average weight 65.3 g) per aquarium in a rearing system maintained at 29 ± 1 °C for 8 weeks...
June 14, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612173/evaluation-of-the-feeding-value-of-dichrostachys-cinerea-pods-for-fattening-pigs-in-cuba
#7
N Martín-Casas, M Reinoso-Pérez, J R García-Díaz, H H Hansen, M O Nielsen
Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn. is a tropical leguminous shrub widely regarded as an invasive species in Cuba, after having invaded a significant proportion of its arable land during the past decades. Concurrently, smallholder pig producers are highly constrained by the scarcity of protein feeds. This study aimed to assess the feeding value of D. cinerea pod meal (DCPM) as an alternative protein supplement for pigs in Cuban smallholder production systems. An on-farm feeding trial was carried out with three groups (N = 10) of growing-fattening pigs over 60 days, where DCPM replaced 0, 15, and 30% in DM of a dietary commercial concentrate...
June 13, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608306/replacement-of-alfalfa-hay-medicago-sativa-l-with-subabul-leucaena-leucocephala-leaf-meal-in-diets-of-najdi-goats-effect-on-digestion-activity-of-rumen-microorganisms
#8
Tahereh Mohammadabadi, Alireza Jolazadeh
This study investigated the effect of replacing alfalfa hay by subabul leaf meal (SLM) on digestion, fermentation parameters and rumen bacteria and fungi activity of Najdi goats. Six Najdi goats (150 ± 15 days of age and initial body weight of 35 ± 1.1 kg) were randomly assigned to one of two dietary treatments in a balanced completely randomized design (three goats per treatment) for 56 days. Experimental treatments included alfalfa hay as control group and diet containing SLM (SLM replacing alfalfa hay at 50% level)...
June 12, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606860/effects-of-partial-replacement-of-fish-meal-by-yeast-hydrolysate-on-complement-system-and-stress-resistance-in-juvenile-jian-carp-cyprinus-carpio-var-jian
#9
Xiang-Yang Yuan, Wen-Bin Liu, Chao Liang, Cun-Xin Sun, Yun-Fei Xue, Zu-De Wan, Guang-Zhen Jiang
A 10-week feeding trial was carried out to investigate the effects of dietary fish meal replacement by yeast hydrolysate (YH) on growth performance, complement system and stress resistance of juvenile Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian) (initial average weight 19.44 ± 0.06 g). In the study, there were five groups: one control group was fed with a basal diet (YH0), and four treatment groups were fed with dietary fish meal replaced by 1% YH (YH1), 3% (YH3), 5% (YH5) and 7% (YH7), respectively. Each group had four replicates...
June 9, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602685/isolation-and-characterization-of-antimicrobial-peptides-derived-from-bacillus-subtilis-e20-fermented-soybean-meal-and-its-use-for-preventing-vibrio-infection-in-shrimp-aquaculture
#10
Ann-Chang Cheng, Hsueh-Li Lin, Ya-Li Shiu, Yu-Chang Tyan, Chun-Hung Liu
Bacillus subtilis E20-fermented soybean meal (FSBM) was found to produce antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with great antimicrobial activity against Vibrio alginolyticus (VA) and V. parahaemolyticus (VP). Three AMPs were purified with a 5 kDa ultrafiltration, Sephadex G-15 column and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). The FSB-AMP, HTSKALLDMLKRLGK, identified by an RP-nano-ultrapure liquid chromatography (UPLC) electrospray ionization (ESI)-tandem mass spectroscopic (MS/MS) analysis exhibited the highest bactericidal activity against VA and VP compared to the others...
June 5, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600158/lorcaserin-plus-lifestyle-modification-for-weight-loss-maintenance-rationale-and-design-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Jena Shaw Tronieri, Nasreen Alfaris, Ariana M Chao, Rebecca L Pearl, Naji Alamuddin, Zayna M Bakizada, Robert I Berkowitz, Thomas A Wadden
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Few studies have examined the efficacy of recently approved medications for chronic weight management in facilitating the maintenance of lost weight. This paper provides an overview of the design and rationale for a trial investigating whether lorcaserin, when combined with behavioral weight loss maintenance sessions (WLM), will facilitate the maintenance of losses of ≥5% of initial weight. METHODS: In this two-phase trial, participants with obesity will enroll in a 14-week run-in diet program consisting of weekly group lifestyle modification sessions and a 1000-1200kcal/d meal replacement diet...
June 16, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600119/effects-on-diabetes-medications-weight-and-a1c-among-patients-with-obesity-and-diabetes-6-month-observations-from-a-full-meal-replacement-low-calorie-diet-weight-management-program
#12
Judy Y Shiau, Derek Y F So, Robert R Dent
OBJECTIVES: A 6-month weight-management program with full meal replacement, low-calorie diet (full MR-LCD) (900 kcal/day for 6 to 12 weeks) follows a protocol for patients with diabetes for decreasing or discontinuing weight-gaining diabetes medications first (Group WG) and then titrating weight-neutral medications (Group WN). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study (1992 to 2009) of weight, glycemic control and diabetes medications changes in 317 patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes who were taking medications...
June 6, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578930/meal-timing-regulates-the-human-circadian-system
#13
Sophie M T Wehrens, Skevoulla Christou, Cheryl Isherwood, Benita Middleton, Michelle A Gibbs, Simon N Archer, Debra J Skene, Jonathan D Johnston
Circadian rhythms, metabolism, and nutrition are intimately linked [1, 2], although effects of meal timing on the human circadian system are poorly understood. We investigated the effect of a 5-hr delay in meals on markers of the human master clock and multiple peripheral circadian rhythms. Ten healthy young men undertook a 13-day laboratory protocol. Three meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner) were given at 5-hr intervals, beginning either 0.5 (early) or 5.5 (late) hr after wake. Participants were acclimated to early meals and then switched to late meals for 6 days...
June 19, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569242/-13-c-isotopic-abundances-in-natural-nutrients-a-newly-formulated-test-meal-for-non-invasive-diagnosis-of-type-2-diabetes
#14
Chiranjit Ghosh, Santanu Mandal, Mithun Pal, Prabuddha Mukhopadhyay, Shibendu Ghosh, Manik Pradhan
A new method to replace commercially prepared (13)C-labelled glucose with naturally available (13)C-enriched substrates could result in promotion of the clinical applicability of the isotopic breath test for detection of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Variation of the carbon-13 isotope in human breath depends on the (13)C enrichment in the diet taken by subjects. Here, we formulated a new test meal comprising naturally available (13)C-enriched foods and subsequently administered it to non-diabetic control (NDC) subjects and those with T2D...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550593/impact-of-black-soldier-fly-larval-meal-on-growth-performance-apparent-digestibility-haematological-and-blood-chemistry-indices-of-guinea-fowl-starter-keets-under-tropical-conditions
#15
P A Wallace, J K Nyameasem, G A Adu-Aboagye, S Affedzie-Obresi, E K Nkegbe, N Karbo, F Murray, W Leschen, P -O Maquart
In order to assess the impact of larval meal on guinea fowl, six iso-caloric and iso-nitrogenous diets were fed to day-old-keets ad libitum till 8 weeks of age. Water was also freely provided. The fishmeal (FM) component of the experimental diets was replaced with black soldier fly larval meal (BSFLM) in the following percentage ratios of 0-100%. Results showed that body weight gain significantly (P < 0.05) increased in all the BSFLM treatment groups compared to the control group. The final body weight of the birds at age 8 weeks differed significantly (P < 0...
May 26, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535834/the-potential-impact-of-compositional-changes-in-farmed-fish-on-its-health-giving-properties-is-it-time-to-reconsider-current-dietary-recommendations
#16
Baukje de Roos, Alan A Sneddon, Matthew Sprague, Graham W Horgan, Ingeborg A Brouwer
Assessment of national dietary guidelines in a number of European countries reveals that some are based on cohort studies, focusing on total seafood consumption, while others are based on the content of EPA and DHA, distinguishing between oily and other fish. The mean actual intake of fish in most countries is around or below the recommended intake, with differences in intake of fish being present between sex and age groups. Many people do not reach the national recommendation for total fish intake. Dietary recommendations for fish and EPA/DHA are based mainly on data collected more than 10 years ago...
May 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534446/blood-fatty-acid-changes-in-healthy-young-americans-in-response-to-a-10-week-diet-that-increased-n-3-and-reduced-n-6-fatty-acid-consumption-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Andrew J Young, Bernadette P Marriott, Catherine M Champagne, Michael R Hawes, Scott J Montain, Neil M Johannsen, Kevin Berry, Joseph R Hibbeln
Military personnel generally under-consume n-3 fatty acids and overconsume n-6 fatty acids. In a placebo-controlled, double-blinded study, we investigated whether a diet suitable for implementation in military dining facilities and civilian cafeterias could benefit n-3/n-6 fatty acid status of consumers. Three volunteer groups were provided different diets for 10 weeks. Control (CON) participants consumed meals from the US Military's Standard Garrison Dining Facility Menu. Experimental, moderate (EXP-Mod) and experimental-high (EXP-High) participants consumed the same meals, but high n-6 fatty acid and low n-3 fatty acid containing chicken, egg, oils and food ingredients were replaced with products having less n-6 fatty acids and more n-3 fatty acids...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527805/effects-of-replacement-of-late-harvested-grass-silage-and-barley-with-early-harvested-silage-on-milk-production-and-methane-emissions
#18
E H Cabezas-Garcia, S J Krizsan, K J Shingfield, P Huhtanen
This study evaluated the effects of gradual replacement of a mixture of late-cut grass silage (LS) and barley with early-cut grass silage (ES) on milk production, CH4 emissions, and N utilization in Swedish Red cows. Two grass silages were prepared from the same primary growth of timothy grass sward but harvested 2 wk apart [11.0 and 9.7 MJ of metabolizable energy/kg of dry matter (DM)]. Four diets, fed as a total mixed ration, were formulated to meet the metabolizable energy and protein requirements of 35 kg of energy-corrected milk (ECM) by gradually replacing a mixture of LS and barley with ES (0, 33, 67, and 100% of the forage component of the diet), whereas the proportion of barley decreased from 47...
July 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515643/quality-of-frozen-pork-from-pigs-fed-diets-containing-palm-kernel-meal-as-an-alternative-to-corn-meal
#19
Jeong Yeon An, Hae In Yong, So Yeon Kim, Han Bit Yoo, Yoo Yong Kim, Cheorun Jo
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different levels of palm kernel meal (PKM), an alternative to corn, on the quality of pork. A total of 72 crossbred pigs ([Yorkshire × Landrace] × Duroc) were assigned into four dietary treatments (PKM level of 0, 4, 8, or 12%). After 12 wk, one pig of median weight in each pen was selected and slaughtered to analyze meat quality. The color, free radical scavenging activity, lipid oxidation, texture, composition of fatty acids, and sensory qualities of pork loin were evaluated post slaughter...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506328/the-effect-of-dietary-faba-bean-and-non-starch-polysaccharide-degrading-enzymes-on-the-growth-performance-and-gut-physiology-of-young-turkeys
#20
D Mikulski, J Juskiewicz, B Przybylska-Gornowicz, E Sosnowska, B A Slominski, J Jankowski, Z Zdunczyk
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary replacement of soya bean meal (SBM) with faba bean (FB) and a blend of non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) degrading enzymes on the gastrointestinal function, growth performance and welfare of young turkeys (1 to 56 days of age). An experiment with a 2×2 factorial design was performed to compare the efficacy of four diets: a SBM-based diet and a diet containing FB, with and without enzyme supplementation (C, FB, CE and FBE, respectively). In comparison with groups C, higher dry matter content and lower viscosity of the small intestinal digesta were noted in groups FB...
May 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
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