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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742255/weight-management-strategies-for-those-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-consensus-report-from-the-asia-pacific-society-of-nephrology-and-australia-and-new-zealand-society-of-nephrology-2016-renal-dietitians-meeting
#1
Kelly Lambert, Jo Beer, Ruth Dumont, Katie Hewitt, Karen Manley, Anthony Meade, Karen Salamon, Katrina Campbell
AIM: Develop a consensus report to guide dietetic management of overweight or obese individuals with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). METHODS: Six statements relating weight management in CKD guided a comprehensive review of the literature. A summary of the evidence was then presented at the renal nutrition meeting of the 2016 Asia Pacific Society of Nephrology and Australia and New Zealand Society of Nephrology. Majority agreement was defined as group agreement on a statement of between 50-74%, and consensus was considered ≥ 75% agreement...
July 25, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739540/the-women-in-steady-exercise-research-wiser-survivor-trial-the-innovative-transdisciplinary-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-exercise-and-weight-loss-interventions-among-breast-cancer-survivors-with-lymphedema
#2
Renate M Winkels, Kathleen M Sturgeon, Michael J Kallan, Lorraine T Dean, Zi Zhang, Margaret Evangelisti, Justin C Brown, David B Sarwer, Andrea B Troxel, Crystal Denlinger, Monica Laudermilk, Anna Fornash, Angela DeMichele, Lewis A Chodosh, Kathryn H Schmitz
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer survivors face dual challenges: long term sequelae of treatment, and risk of recurrent disease. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle complicate both challenges. The WISER Survivor trial assessed the effects of exercise and/or weight-loss on lymphedema, biomarkers of breast cancer recurrence, and quality of life. We report on the innovative transdisciplinary design of this trial and report attrition rates. METHODS: This one year trial randomized breast cancer survivors who had a BMI of ≥25kg/m(2), were sedentary and had breast-cancer-related-lymphedema to 1) exercise (weight training and aerobic exercise) 2) weight-loss 3) exercise and weight-loss 4) or control group...
July 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728365/effects-of-inclusion-level-and-adaptation-period-on-nutrient-digestibility-and-digestible-energy-of-wheat-bran-in-growing-finishing-pigs
#3
Jinbiao Zhao, Shuai Zhang, Fei Xie, Defa Li, Chengfei Huang
Objective: This experiment was to evaluate the effect of different inclusion levels and adaptation periods on digestible energy (DE) and the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of chemical constituents in diets supplemented with wheat bran. Methods: Thirty-six crossbred barrows with an initial body weight (BW) of 85.0 ± 2.1 kg were allotted to 6 diets in a completely randomized block design with 6 pigs per diet. Diets included a corn-soybean basal diet and 5 additional diets which formulated by replacing corn and soybean meal in control diet with 15, 25, 35, 45, or 55% wheat bran...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727216/digestibility-of-common-reed-pharagmites-communis-trin-silage-as-ruminant-feed-and-effects-of-inclusion-levels-in-the-diet-of-breeding-cows-on-feed-intake-ruminal-fermentation-and-blood-metabolites
#4
Keigo Asano, Takahiro Ishikawa, Motohiko Ishida
To examine the digestibility of common reed (Pharagmites communis Trin.) silage and effects of inclusion levels in the diet of breeding cows on nutrient intakes, ruminal fermentation and nutrient status, two digestion trials using four sheep and cows, respectively, at the maintenance stage were conducted. In the trial using sheep, common reed silage contained 20% crude protein (CP) and 50% total digestible nutrients (TDN) on a dry matter basis. In the trial using cows, treatments were the control (92.4% Sudangrass hay and 7...
July 20, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727122/effect-of-increasing-dietary-canola-meal-inclusion-on-lactation-performance-milk-composition-and-nutrient-digestibility-of-lactating-sows
#5
D E Velayudhan, C M Nyachoti
The aim was to determine the effects of increasing dietary canola meal in substitution for soybean meal in lactation sow diets. Forty-five sows with an average parity of 1.8 (SD = 0.83) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 dietary treatments ( = 15) consisting of a corn-based control diet and 2 diets with 15% and 30% canola meal formulated by replacing soybean meal with canola meal. Diets were formulated to be similar in standardized ileal digestible AA content and NE value and to meet or exceed nutrient recommendations for lactating sows...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727106/increasing-dietary-inclusions-of-camelina-cake-fed-to-pigs-from-weaning-to-slaughter-safety-growth-performance-carcass-traits-and-n-3-enrichment-of-pork
#6
M N Smit, E Beltranena
Feeding cake with remaining oil content not only provides additional dietary energy but may also enrich pork with -3 fatty acids. Limited information is available on feeding camelina cake to pigs relating to feeding safety (toxicity), growth performance, and efficacy of -3 enrichment of pork. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of feeding increasing camelina cake (12.2% crude fat) inclusions in diets for nursery and grower-finisher pigs. In total, 128 pigs (9.2 kg BW) were randomly allocated by sex to 32 nursery pens for 4 wk and were then moved and combined into 16 mixed-sex grower-finisher pens...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727085/impact-of-microbial-efficiency-to-predict-mp-supply-when-estimating-protein-requirements-of-growing-beef-cattle-from-performance
#7
A K Watson, T J Klopfenstein, G E Erickson, J C MacDonald, V A Wilkerson
Data from 16 trials were compiled to calculate microbial CP (MCP) production and MP requirements of growing cattle on high-forage diets. All cattle were individually fed diets with 28% to 72% corn cobs in addition to either alfalfa, corn silage, or sorghum silage at 18% to 60% of the diet (DM basis). The remainder of the diet consisted of protein supplement. Source of protein within the supplement varied and included urea, blood meal, corn gluten meal, dry distillers grains, feather meal, meat and bone meal, poultry by-product meal, soybean meal, and wet distillers grains...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727066/effect-of-replacing-conventional-soybean-meal-with-low-oligosaccharide-soybean-meal-on-growth-performance-and-carcass-characteristics-of-wean-to-finish-pigs1
#8
D Pangeni, J A Jendza, L Anil, X Yang, S K Baidoo
A trial was conducted to determine the effect of replacing conventional soybean meal (CSBM) with low-oligosaccharide soybean meal (LOSBM) on growth performance and carcass characteristics of wean-to-finish pigs. A total of 432 crossbred pigs (19 d and 6.6 ± 1.2 kg BW) were blocked by sex and BW and assigned to 1 of 6 dietary treatments: 1) CSBM in all phases and fishmeal and spray-dried plasma protein (FM/SDPP) in phases 1 to 3, 2) CSBM in all phases but with no FM/SDPP, 3) LOSBM and FM/SDPP in phases 1 to 3 and CSBM in phases 4 to 6, 4) LOSBM in phases 1 to 3 and CSBM in phases 4 to 6, 5) LOSBM in phases 1 to 6 and FM/SDPP in phases 1 to 3, and 6) LOSBM in phases 1 to 6...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727065/effects-of-feeding-camelina-cake-to-weaned-pigs-on-safety-growth-performance-and-fatty-acid-composition-of-pork
#9
M N Smit, E Beltranena
Feeding cake with remaining oil contributes dietary energy (fat) in addition to protein (AA) and may provide an opportunity to enrich the n-3 fatty acid content of pork. Information regarding safety, growth performance, and efficacy of feeding camelina cake to pigs is limited. We therefore evaluated the effects of camelina cake inclusion in pig nursery diets. In total, 192 pigs (9.4 kg BW) were randomly allocated by sex to 48 pens, 2 heavy and 2 light pigs per pen. Pigs were fed 1 of 4 wheat-based diets including camelina cake (0%, 6%, 12%, or 18%; variety Celine) replacing soybean meal for 4 wk...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727030/apparent-and-true-ileal-and-total-tract-digestibility-of-fat-in-canola-press-cake-or-canola-oil-and-effects-of-increasing-dietary-fat-on-amino-acid-and-energy-digestibility-in-growing-pigs
#10
X Zhou, E Beltranena, R T Zijlstra
Digestibility of remaining oil in canola press-cake (CPC) may be lower than that of extracted, liquid canola oil (CO) because oil may be partly entrapped in the CPC matrix. To determine true digestibility of fat in ingredients, endogenous fat losses should be estimated. Dietary fat may interact with digestion of other dietary components. To test these hypotheses, 10 ileal-cannulated pigs (initial BW, 25.4 kg) were fed 10 diets for 8 periods in a 10 × 8 Youden square. A basal diet was formulated based on wheat, barley, and canola meal...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711244/wheat-is-more-potent-than-corn-or-barley-for-dietary-mitigation-of-enteric-methane-emissions-from-dairy-cows
#11
P J Moate, S R O Williams, J L Jacobs, M C Hannah, K A Beauchemin, R J Eckard, W J Wales
Wheat is the most common concentrate fed to dairy cows in Australia, but few studies have examined the effects of wheat feeding on enteric methane emissions, and no studies have compared the relative potencies of wheat, corn, and barley for their effects on enteric methane production. In this 35-d experiment, 32 Holstein dairy cows were offered 1 of 4 diets: a corn diet (CRN) of 10.0 kg of DM/d of single-rolled corn grain, 1.8 kg of DM/d of canola meal, 0.2 kg of DM/d of minerals, and 11.0 kg of DM/d of chopped alfalfa hay; a wheat diet (WHT) similar to the CRN diet but with the corn replaced by single-rolled wheat; a barley diet (SRB) similar to the CRN diet but with the corn replaced by single-rolled barley; and a barley diet (DRB) similar to the CRN diet but with the corn replaced by double-rolled barley...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704386/nannochloropsis-oceania-derived-defatted-meal-as-an-alternative-to-fishmeal-in-atlantic-salmon-feeds
#12
Mette Sørensen, Yangyang Gong, Fridrik Bjarnason, Ghana K Vasanth, Dalia Dahle, Mark Huntley, Viswanath Kiron
Defatted microalgal biomass derived from biorefinery can be potential feed ingredients for carnivorous fish. The present study investigated the growth, feed intake:gain and health parameters in Atlantic salmon fed for 84 days with defatted Nannochloropsis oceania as a fishmeal replacer. Fish fed feeds containing the algal biomass (at 10 and 20% inclusion, alga groups) were compared with groups that consumed alga-devoid feeds (control group). The fish that received 20% alga tended to have reduced weight gain and specific growth rate...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701247/the-effect-of-dietary-addition-of-nitrate-or-increase-in-lipid-concentrations-alone-or-in-combination-on-performance-and-methane-emissions-of-beef-cattle
#13
C-A Duthie, S M Troy, J J Hyslop, D W Ross, R Roehe, J A Rooke
Adding nitrate to or increasing the concentration of lipid in the diet are established strategies for reducing enteric methane (CH4) emissions, but their effectiveness when used in combination has been largely unexplored. This study investigated the effect of dietary nitrate and increased lipid included alone or together on CH4 emissions and performance traits of finishing beef cattle. The experiment was a 2×4 factorial design comprising two breeds (cross-bred Aberdeen Angus (AAx) and cross-bred Limousin (LIMx) steers) and four dietary treatments (each based on 550 g forage : 450 g concentrate/kg dry matter (DM))...
July 13, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692020/comparative-effectiveness-of-a-portion-controlled-meal-replacement-program-for-weight-loss-in-adults-with-and-without-diabetes-high-blood-sugar
#14
C D Coleman, J R Kiel, A H Mitola, L M Arterburn
BACKGROUND: Individuals with type 2 diabetes (DM2) may be less successful at achieving therapeutic weight loss than their counterparts without diabetes. This study compares weight loss in a cohort of adults with DM2 or high blood sugar (D/HBS) to a cohort of adults without D/HBS. All were overweight/obese and following a reduced or low-calorie commercial weight-loss program incorporating meal replacements (MRs) and one-on-one behavioral support. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Demographic, weight, body composition, anthropometric, pulse and blood pressure data were collected as part of systematic retrospective chart review studies...
July 10, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689304/effect-of-dietary-inclusion-of-graded-levels-of-toasted-guar-meal-on-performance-nutrient-digestibility-carcass-traits-and-serum-parameters-in-commercial-broiler-chickens
#15
E Tirupathi Reddy, V Ravinder Reddy, V Chinni Preetham, S V Rama Rao, D Srinivasa Rao
An experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design to explore the replacement value of toasted guar meal (TGM) for soybean meal (SBM) in commercial broiler diets. Hypothesis was tested by including graded levels (0, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18% of diet) of TGM to replace maize-SBM on growth performance, apparent nutrient digestibility, carcass traits, and serum parameters. A total of six iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric diets were prepared, and each diet was fed ad libitum to 12 replicates of five chicks each from 1 to 42 days of age...
July 9, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675310/effect-of-crude-protein-concentration-and-dietary-electrolyte-balance-on-litter-quality-foot-pad-dermatitis-growth-performance-and-processing-yields-in-two-medium-heavy-turkey-hybrids
#16
T Veldkamp, P M Hocking, L J Vinco
1. An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of crude protein (CP) concentration and dietary electrolyte balance (DEB) on growth performance, processing yields, litter quality and foot pad dermatitis (FPD) in male turkeys from two commercial hybrids. Soya bean meal was replaced by vegetable protein sources selected for lower K concentrations to lower DEB in order to improve litter quality and subsequent quality of foot pads. 2. Effects of CP on litter friability and wetness were not consistent during the production period...
July 4, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669327/reproductive-factors-lifestyle-and-dietary-habits-among-pregnant-women-in-greenland-the-accept-sub-study-2013-2015
#17
Anne Seneca Terkelsen, Manhai Long, Lise Hounsgaard, Eva Cecilie Bonefeld-Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: During past decades the formerly active lifestyle in Greenland has become sedentary, and the intake of traditional food has gradually been replaced with imported food. These lifestyle and dietary habits may affect pregnant women. AIM: To describe age and regional differences in reproductive factors, lifestyle and diet among Greenlandic pregnant women in their first trimester. METHODS: A cross-sectional study during 2013-2015 including 373 pregnant women was conducted in five Greenlandic regions (West, Disko Bay, South, North and East)...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658159/outcomes-of-primary-gastric-transposition-for-long-gap-esophageal-atresia-in-neonates
#18
Zhandong Zeng, Fengli Liu, Juan Ma, Yun Fang, Hongwei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Gastric transposition is a relatively novel method of esophageal replacement. The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the outcomes of long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA) treated with esophageal replacement using primary gastric transposition in neonates. METHODS: Between March 2008 and May 2015, 14 newborns with LGEA were treated in our hospital. They were all found to have gaps of over 3 cm at the time of the surgery and were diagnosed with LGEA...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653586/effect-of-high-protein-meal-replacement-on-weight-and-cardiometabolic-profile-in-overweight-obese-asian-indians-in-north-india
#19
Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra, Rajneesh Tiwari, Meenu Sharma, Ravindra M Pandey, Chander Prakash Yadav
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of a high-protein meal replacement (HPMR) on weight and metabolic, lipid and inflammatory parameters in overweight/obese Asian Indians. In this 12-week open-label, parallel-arm randomised controlled trial, 122 overweight/obese men and women were administered either a HPMR or a control diet after 2 weeks of diet and exercise run-in. Body weight, waist circumference (WC), percentage body fat (%BF), fasting blood glucose, post-oral glucose tolerance test (post-OGTT) blood glucose, fasting and post-OGTT serum insulin, lipid profile, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), kidney function and hepatic aminotransferases were assessed before and after the intervention...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641384/acute-testosterone-deficiency-alters-adipose-tissue-fatty-acid-storage
#20
Sylvia Santosa, Nikki C Bush, Michael D Jensen
Context: Although the long-term effects of testosterone on adipose tissue lipid metabolism in men have been defined, the short-term regulation of these effects is not well understood. Objective: We examined the effects of acute testosterone withdrawal on subcutaneous abdominal and femoral adipose tissue fatty acid (FA) storage and cellular mechanisms. Design: This was a prospective, randomized trial. Setting: Mayo Clinic Clinical Research Unit...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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