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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215741/comparison-of-dietary-inclusion-of-commercial-and-fermented-soybean-meal-on-oxidative-status-and-non-specific-immune-responses-in-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannameis
#1
Yu-Hung Lin, Jia-Jinn Mui
This study compared the effects of partial replacement of fish meal (FM) protein with commercial soybean meal (SBM) or Lactobacillus spp. fermented SBM (FSBM) on the oxidative status and non-specific immune responses in white shrimps, Litopenaeus vannamei. A FM-based diet was used as the control. To prepare the two experimental diets, 25% of the FM protein was replaced with SBM and FSBM. Three experimental diets were fed to three groups of shrimps (initial wt: 0.63 ± 0.01 g) in a recirculating rearing system for 12 weeks...
February 16, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214525/-is-there-an-optimal-diet-for-weight-management-and-metabolic-health
#2
George Thom, Mike Lean
Individuals can lose body weight and improve health status on a wide range of energy (calorie) restricted dietary interventions. In this paper, we have reviewed the effectiveness of the most commonly utilized diets, including low-fat, low-carbohydrate and Mediterranean approaches in addition to commercial slimming programmes, meal replacements and newly-popularized intermittent fasting diets. We also consider the role of artificial sweeteners in weight management. Low-fat diets tend to improve LDL-cholesterol most, whilst lower-carbohydrate diets may preferentially improve triglycerides and HDL-cholesterol, however differences between diets are marginal...
February 15, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201934/feeding-value-of-field-beans-vicia-faba-l-var-minor-with-and-without-enzyme-containing-tannase-pectinase-and-xylanase-activities-for-broilers
#3
Jalil Mahmwd Abdulla, Stephen Paul Rose, Alexander Mackay Mackenzie, Vasil Radoslavov Pirgozliev
Effects of field beans with various tannin content and exogenous enzyme mixture containing tannase, pectinase and xylanase activities on N-corrected dietary apparent metabolisable energy (AMEn), coefficients of dry matter (DMR) and nitrogen retention (NR), fat digestibility, gastrointestinal tract (GIT) development, jejunal villus morphometry, ileal digesta viscosity and sialic acid were examined. Birds' growth performance and energy conversion ratio (ECR) were also measured. Birds were fed one of eight mash diets...
April 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177392/effect-of-replacing-conventional-soybean-meal-with-low-oligosaccharide-soybean-meal-fed-to-weanling-piglets
#4
D Pangeni, J A Jendza, D R Menon, L Anil, X Yang, S K Baidoo
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of replacing conventional soybean meal (CSBM) with low-oligosaccharide soybean meal (LOSBM) on growth performance, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), intestinal morphology, viscosity of the intestinal contents, and visceral organ weight of weanling pigs. Thirty-two 19-d old individually housed pigs (6.2 ± 0.4 kg BW) were blocked by BW, and randomly assigned from within blocks to 1 of 4 dietary treatments: (1) CSBM with inclusion of fish meal and spray dried plasma protein (CSBM+), (2) CSBM without inclusion of fish meal and spray dried plasma protein (CSBM-), (3) LOSBM with inclusion of fish meal and spray dried plasma protein (LOSBM+), and (4) LOSBM without inclusion of fish meal and spray dried plasma protein (LOSBM-) according to a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177382/effect-of-expeller-extracted-canola-meal-on-growth-performance-organ-weights-and-blood-parameters-of-growing-pigs
#5
D E Velayudhan, K Schuh, T A Woyengo, J S Sands, C M Nyachoti
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of increasing levels of expeller extracted canola meal (EECM) in diets for growing pigs on performance, gastrointestinal tract weight, thyroid gland weights, blood plasma concentration of triiodothyronine and tetraiodothyronine, red blood cell count, hemoglobin content in blood, and hematocrit. Four diets were fed to 48 pigs (19.9 ± 1.60 kg initial BW) in 24 pens (6 pens per diet) for 4 wk in a completely randomized design. The diets were a control corn-soybean meal basal diet and 3 additional diets produced by replacing 33, 66, or 100% of soybean meal with EECM to achieve inclusion levels of 0, 10, 20, and 30%...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163916/effects-of-total-replacement-of-corn-silage-with-sorghum-silage-on-milk-yield-composition-and-quality
#6
M Cattani, N Guzzo, R Mantovani, L Bailoni
BACKGROUND: In the last years, difficulties occurring in corn cultivation (i.e., groundwater shortages, mycotoxin contamination) have been forcing dairy farmers to consider alternative silages. Some experiments conducted on lactating cows have proven that the total replacement of corn silage with sorghum silage did not reduce milk yield. However, this kind of substitution involves supplementing sorghum-based diets with grains, to compensate for the lower starch content of sorghum silage compared to corn silage...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149163/dietary-inclusion-of-raw-faba-bean-instead-of-soybean-meal-and-enzyme-supplementation-in-laying-hens-effect-on-performance-and-egg-quality
#7
M E Abd El-Hack, M Alagawany, V Laudadio, R Demauro, V Tufarelli
An experiment was conducted with 160 Hisex Brown laying hens to evaluate the effect of different inclusion levels of faba bean (FB) and enzyme supplementation on productive performance and egg quality parameters. The experimental diets consisted of five levels of FB: 0% (control), 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%, substituting soybean meal (SBM), and two levels of enzyme supplementation (0 or 250 mg/kg). Each dietary treatment was assigned to four replicate groups and the experiment lasted 22 weeks. A positive relationship (P < 0...
February 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133825/influence-of-dietary-rapeseed-meal-levels-on-growth-performance-organ-health-and-standardized-ileal-amino-acid-digestibility-in-meat-ducks-from-15-to-35%C3%A2-days-of-age
#8
S Qin, G Tian, K Zhang, X Ding, S Bai, J Wang, G Jia, Q Zeng
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary rapeseed meal (RSM) inclusion levels on growth performance, organ health and standardized ileal amino acid digestibility (SIAAD) in meat ducks from 15 to 35 days of age. Six hundred and eighty 15-days-old ducks were randomly allotted to five treatments based on body weight. Five isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets were formulated on a digestible amino acid basis by replacing 0% (the control), 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% (based on fresh) of protein from soya bean meal (SBM) with protein from RSM...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109417/associations-of-cooking-with-dietary-intake-and-obesity-among-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-participants
#9
Lindsey Smith Taillie, Jennifer M Poti
INTRODUCTION: Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) may help ease economic and time constraints of cooking, helping low-income households prepare healthier meals. Therefore, frequent cooking may be more strongly associated with improved dietary outcomes among SNAP recipients than among income-eligible non-recipients. Alternately, increased frequency of home-cooked meals among SNAP participants may be beneficial simply by replacing fast food intake. This study quantified the association between home cooking and fast food with diet intake and weight status among SNAP recipients...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099252/the-role-of-pancreatic-enzyme-replacement-therapy-in-unresectable-pancreatic-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Tomotaka Saito, Kenji Hirano, Hiroyuki Isayama, Yousuke Nakai, Kei Saito, Gyotane Umefune, Dai Akiyama, Takeo Watanabe, Kaoru Takagi, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Naminatsu Takahara, Rie Uchino, Suguru Mizuno, Hirofumi Kogure, Saburo Matsubara, Natsuyo Yamamoto, Minoru Tada, Kazuhiko Koike
OBJECTIVES: Although patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) are prone to exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, there are little evidence about pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) in patients with PC, especially those receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: This is a prospective consecutive observational study of PERT in patients with unresectable PC. We prospectively enrolled patients receiving chemotherapy for unresectable PC from April 2012 to February 2014 and prescribed oral pancrelipase of 48,000 lipase units per meal (pancrelipase group)...
March 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066943/potential-value-of-the-common-vetch-vicia-sativa-l-as-an-animal-feedstuff-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Y F Huang, X L Gao, Z B Nan, Z X Zhang
The objective of this review was to systematically evaluate common vetch seeds as a potential feedstuff for animals, by summarizing and discussing the available published literature covering their nutritional composition as well as their content of antinutritional factors and potential techniques for their reduction. In addition, animal feeding studies that have investigated the effect of inclusion of common vetch seeds on animal growth and performance were identified and evaluated to stimulate interest in their use as a good source of nutrients for inclusion in animal diets...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063189/effects-of-different-sources-of-protein-on-the-growth-performance-blood-chemistry-and-polypeptide-profiles-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-digesta-of-newly-weaned-piglets
#12
R Z Zhong, J Q Xia, H Sun, G X Qin
To determine the effects of different sources of protein on the growth performance of newly weaned piglets, 72 newly weaned piglets were randomly assigned to three groups fed different diets (soya bean, casein and dried distillers' grain with solubles (DDGS) feeds). Casein and DDGS feeds consisted of soya bean feed in which 5% of the CP was replaced with casein- or DDGS-derived CP respectively. Blood and chyme samples were collected from each piglet 2 h post-feeding on days 0 and 28 of the feeding period. The DDGS feed decreased DMI (p = 0...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060879/effect-of-replacing-soybean-meal-by-raw-or-extruded-pea-seeds-on-growth-performance-and-selected-physiological-parameters-of-the-ileum-and-distal-colon-of-pigs
#13
Anna Tuśnio, Marcin Taciak, Marcin Barszcz, Ewa Święch, Ilona Bachanek, Jacek Skomiał
The use of pea seeds is limited due to the content of antinutritional factors that may affect gut physiology. Heat treatment such as extrusion may reduce heat-labile antinutritional factors and improve the nutritional value of pea seeds. This study determined the effect of partial replacement of soybean meal in pig diets by raw or extruded pea seeds on growth performance, nitrogen balance and physiology of the ileum and distal colon. The experiment was carried out in 18 castrated male piglets of initial body weight of 11 kg, divided into three groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046072/effects-of-protease-addition-and-replacement-of-soybean-meal-by-corn-gluten-meal-on-the-growth-of-broilers-and-on-the-environmental-performances-of-a-broiler-production-system-in-greece
#14
Ilias Giannenas, Eleftherios Bonos, Vasileios Anestis, Georgios Filioussis, Dimitrios K Papanastasiou, Thomas Bartzanas, Nikolaos Papaioannou, Athina Tzora, Ioannis Skoufos
An experimental study was conducted to examine the combined effects of adding a dietary protease, reducing the levels of soybean meal (SBM) and introducing corn gluten meal (CGM) in the ration of a group of broilers reared on a commercial Greek farm. Five hundred forty chicks were divided into three dietary treatments with six replicates of thirty birds each. The first group (Control) was fed a conventional diet based on corn and soybean meal, containing 21% w/w crude protein (CP). The second group (Soy-Prot) was supplied a corn and SBM-based diet containing a lower level of CP (20% w/w) and 200 mg of the protease RONOZYME® Proact per kg of feed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045206/assessment-of-tissue-development-in-fattening-quails-using-the-stable-isotope-technique
#15
J C R Rezende, M M P Sartori, J R Sartori, C Ducatti, J C Denadai, A C Pezzato
We aimed to study the behaviour of tissue renewal in blood, pectoral muscle and keel of fattening quails during their growth and adulthood through carbon-13 turnover using the stable isotope technique. Three hundred male European quails were randomly subjected to six treatments. Diets fed to animals were initially based on corn and soybean meal and were replaced at 0, 7, 14, 21, 28 and 35 days of age with diets of rice grits and soybean meal. These diets have distinct isotopic signals and over time it changes; the tissue will incorporate dietary signal, and then, we can measure the return time for each tissue in each age...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045202/raw-mechanically-separated-chicken-meat-and-salmon-protein-hydrolysate-as-protein-sources-in-extruded-dog-food-effect-on-protein-and-amino-acid-digestibility
#16
M T Tjernsbekk, A-H Tauson, O F Kraugerud, Ø Ahlstrøm
Protein quality was evaluated for mechanically separated chicken meat (MSC) and salmon protein hydrolysate (SPH), and for extruded dog foods where MSC or SPH partially replaced poultry meal (PM). Apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of crude protein (CP) and amino acids (AA) in the protein ingredients and extruded foods was determined with mink (Neovison vison). The extruded dog foods included a control diet with protein from PM and grain, and two diets where MSC or SPH provided 25% of the dietary CP. Nutrient composition of the protein ingredients varied, dry matter (DM) was 944...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009851/artificial-diets-for-mosquitoes
#17
REVIEW
Kristina K Gonzales, Immo A Hansen
Mosquito-borne diseases are responsible for more than a million human deaths every year. Modern mosquito control strategies such as sterile insect technique (SIT), release of insects carrying a dominant lethal (RIDL), population replacement strategies (PR), and Wolbachia-based strategies require the rearing of large numbers of mosquitoes in culture for continuous release over an extended period of time. Anautogenous mosquitoes require essential nutrients for egg production, which they obtain through the acquisition and digestion of a protein-rich blood meal...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000914/inclusion-of-hermetia-illucens-larvae-meal-on-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-feed-effect-on-sensory-profile-according-to-static-and-dynamic-evaluations
#18
Monica Borgogno, Caterina Dinnella, Valeria Iaconisi, Renzo Fusi, Claudia Scarpaleggia, Achille Schiavone, Erminio Monteleone, Laura Gasco, Giuliana Parisi
BACKGROUND: Diet implementation with insect meal arouses increased attention in aquaculture considering the advantages of this new protein source. The effect of Hermetia illucens meal (HI) inclusion in diets on rainbow trout physical-chemical and sensory properties was evaluated. Three diets were prepared: HI0, HI25, HI50, with 0, 25 and 50% of HI replacing fish meal, respectively. Fillet sensory profiles were described by descriptive analysis (DA) and Temporal Dominance of Sensation (TDS) methods...
December 21, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988110/the-effect-of-by-product-inclusion-level-on-milk-production-nutrient-digestibility-and-excretion-and-rumen-fermentation-parameters-in-lactating-dairy-cows-offered-a-pasture-based-diet
#19
S J Whelan, W Carey, T M Boland, M B Lynch, A K Kelly, G Rajauria, K M Pierce
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of replacing barley and soybean meal with increasing levels of by-products on production, digestive, and metabolic parameters in early-mid lactation dairy cows offered perennial ryegrass-based pasture. Forty-eight (32 multiparous and 16 primiparous) dairy cows that were 64 ± 24 d in milk were assigned to 1 of 4 pasture-based dietary treatments (n = 12) in a randomized block design experiment that ran for 70 d. Treatments consisted of a perennial ryegrass-based pasture and 1 of 4 supplementary concentrates: BP35, BP55, BP75, and BP95 containing 35, 55, 75, and 95% by-products, respectively, in the concentrate on a dry matter basis...
February 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986728/alternative-protein-sources-in-the-diet-modulate-microbiota-and-functionality-in-the-distal-intestine-of-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#20
Karina Gajardo, Alexander Jaramillo-Torres, Trond M Kortner, Daniel L Merrifield, John Tinsley, Anne Marie Bakke, Åshild Krogdahl
The present study aimed to investigate whether alternative dietary protein sources modulate the microbial communities in the distal intestine (DI) of Atlantic salmon, and whether alterations in microbiota profiles are reflected in modifications in host intestinal function and health status. A 48-day feeding trial was conducted, in which groups of fish received one of five diets: a reference diet in which fishmeal (diet FM) was the only protein source and four experimental diets with commercially relevant compositions containing alternative ingredients as partial replacements of fishmeal, i...
March 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
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