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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657242/an-irish-experience-in-establishing-and-evaluating-an-intern-led-teaching-programme
#1
A Jenkinson, E Kelleher, D Moneley, G Offiah
Near-Peer Teaching is a relatively new and expanding area of medical education. The benefit to medical students has been demonstrated in numerous contexts around the world. Our aim was to establish a structured Intern-Led Teaching (ILT) programme in the context of an Irish Intern Training Network affiliated to an Irish Medical School. We then sought to evaluate the success of this programme. Seventy interns were enrolled in the ILT programme and completed a Train the Trainer course involving teaching methods and skills of effective feedback...
March 10, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596628/identification-of-successful-mentoring-communities-using-network-based-analysis-of-mentor-mentee-relationships-across-nobel-laureates
#2
Julia H Chariker, Yihang Zhang, John R Pani, Eric C Rouchka
Skills underlying scientific innovation and discovery generally develop within an academic community, often beginning with a graduate mentor's laboratory. In this paper, a network analysis of doctoral student-dissertation advisor relationships in The Academic Family Tree indicates the pattern of Nobel laureate mentoring relationships is non-random. Nobel laureates had a greater number of Nobel laureate ancestors, descendants, mentees/grandmentees, and local academic family, supporting the notion that assortative processes occur in the selection of mentors and mentees...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566091/health-care-professionals-from-developing-countries-report-educational-benefits-after-an-online-diabetes-course
#3
Nicolai J Wewer Albrechtsen, Kristina W Poulsen, Lærke Ø Svensson, Lasse Jensen, Jens J Holst, Signe S Torekov
BACKGROUND: Medical education is a cornerstone in the global combat against diseases such as diabetes and obesity which together affect more than 500 million humans. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are educational tools for institutions to teach and share their research worldwide. Currently, millions of people have participated in evidence-based MOOCs, however educational and professional benefit(s) for course participants of such initiatives have not been addressed sufficiently. We therefore investigated if participation in a 6 week open online course in the prevention and treatment of diabetes and obesity had any impact on the knowledge, skills, and career of health care professionals contrasting participants from developing countries versus developed countries...
May 31, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490416/development-and-assessment-of-an-e-learning-course-on-pediatric-cardiology-basics
#4
Ana Cristina Oliveira, Sandra Mattos, Miguel Coimbra
BACKGROUND: Early detection of congenital heart disease is a worldwide problem. This is more critical in developing countries, where shortage of professional specialists and structural health care problems are a constant. E-learning has the potential to improve capacity, by overcoming distance barriers and by its ability to adapt to the reduced time of health professionals. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop an e-learning pediatric cardiology basics course and evaluate its pedagogical impact and user satisfaction...
May 10, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418117/articulating-the-ideal-50-years-of-interprofessional-collaboration-in-medical-education
#5
Elise Paradis, Mandy Pipher, Carrie Cartmill, J Cristian Rangel, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Health care delivery and the education of clinicians have changed immensely since the creation of the journal Medical Education. In this project, we seek to answer the following three questions: How has the concept of collaboration changed over the past 50 years in Medical Education? Have the participants involved in collaboration shifted over time? Has the idea of collaboration itself been transformed over the past 50 years? METHODS: Starting from a constructionist view of scientific discourse, we used directed content analysis to sample, code and analyse 144 collaboration-related articles over the 50-year life span of Medical Education...
April 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326913/reflecting-on-the-learning-opportunities-of-presenting-at-a-conference
#6
Beverly Joshua
Background Research productivity is a major indicator of higher educational institutions' (HEI) academic performance. The increasing focus on research productivity is resulting in an expectation that academics publish their research initiatives, ideas and developments in their scope of work or area of interest. It can influence academic status and compel nursing academics to undertake higher degrees, including PhDs or other doctoral studies. Aim To articulate a nurse academic's reflection on presenting her doctoral thesis at an international conference and to encourage students to embrace the dissemination of research...
March 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301215/early-measures-for-school-hygiene-in-greece-between-nationalism-and-modernization-1890-1920
#7
Vassiliki Theodorou, Despina Karakatsani
Compared to other European and Balkan countries, the first institutions for the medical inspection of student health were established relatively late in Greece. Following several European and Balkan examples, Greek doctors and educators began an information campaign during the late 19(th) century to establish a School Medical Service. The Greek state's emerging interest in children's health was dependent upon a number of factors. Networks of experts played a considerable part in shaping a public discourse on childhood...
2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884337/using-community-outreach-to-explore-health-related-beliefs-and-improve-surgeon-patient-engagement
#8
Rebecca L Hoffman, Brenda Bryant, Steve R Allen, Major K Lee, Cary B Aarons, Rachel R Kelz
BACKGROUND: Fostering surgeon engagement in community outreach was recently identified as a major priority toward reducing health care disparities in surgery. We aimed to increase surgeon engagement in the local community, understand prevalent beliefs, and identify educational opportunities in the local community regarding cancer screening and treatment using community outreach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In collaboration with the university's cancer center, the medical student surgical interest group, surgical faculty, and residents developed a community outreach program...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875012/growth-of-nurse-prescribing-competence-facilitators-and-barriers-during-education
#9
H Hopia, A Karhunen, J Heikkilä
OBJECTIVE: To describe facilitators and barriers in relation to the growth of nurse prescribing competence from the perspective of the nurses studying in a prescribing programme. BACKGROUND: The number of nurses enrolled in a nurse prescribing programme is rapidly increasing in XXX. However, few studies on nurse prescribing education are available and therefore research is needed, particularly from the point of view of nurses studying in the programme. DESIGN: The descriptive, qualitative study used the text of student online learning diaries as data during a 14-month prescribing programme...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776418/twenty-five-years-on-outcomes-of-a-longitudinal-evaluation-of-the-nsw-rural-resident-medical-officer-cadetship-program
#10
Melanie J Lewis, Rose Ellis, Sunil K Adusumilli, Ian Cameron
INTRODUCTION: The New South Wales Rural Resident Medical Officer Cadetship Program began in 1988 as a strategy to increase the numbers of junior doctors in rural hospitals. This article outlines the results of an evaluation undertaken in 2014. Specifically, it will look at where former cadets who entered the program between 1989 and 2010 were working in 2014, what training programs they chose and their attitudes toward the program. METHOD: Data were collected using a semi-structured questionnaire sent to all the former cadets who entered the program from 1989 until 2010...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725081/north-south-collaboration-and-capacity-development-in-global-health-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-the-arcade-projects
#11
Salla Atkins, Sophie Marsden, Vishal Diwan, Merrick Zwarenstein
BACKGROUND: Research capacity enhancement is needed in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) for improved health, wellbeing, and health systems' development. In this article, we discuss two capacity-building projects, the African/Asian Regional Capacity Development (ARCADE) in Health Systems and Services Research (HSSR) and Research on Social Determinants of Health (RSDH), implemented from 2011 to 2015. The two projects focussed on providing courses in HSSR and social determinants of health research, and on developing collaborations between universities, along with capacity in LMIC universities to manage research grant submissions, financing, and reporting...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676946/promoting-physical-activity-what-do-we-have-available-to-motivate-our-patients
#12
Mathieu Saubade, Christos Karatzios, Cyril Besson, Anne-Charlotte Farasse, Benaim Charles, Gérald Gremion
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 42% of Europeans never practice physical activity (PA) or sports and 40% spend more than 5:30 per day in a sitting position. The objective of this literature review is to identify the necessary means to promote PA and tools available for physicians to advise and prescribe a suitable AP. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electronic database research using Medline, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. RESULTS: Prescription of PA in the medical office is more and more encouraged...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583234/the-usage-of-social-networking-sites-by-medical-students-for-educational-purposes-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#13
Salman Y Guraya
BACKGROUND: Online social networking sites (SNSs) (e.g., Facebook, MySpace, Flickr, Twitter and YouTube) have emerged as rapidly growing mechanisms to exchange personal and professional information among university students. This research aims to determine the medical students' extent of usage of SNSs for educational purposes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Educational Resources Information Centre (ERIC), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Cochrane library, and Excerpta Medica Data Base (EMBASE) were searched to retrieve articles from 2004 to 2014, applying predefined search terms and inclusion criteria...
July 2016: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453835/frequently-asked-questions-about-family-medicine-in-india
#14
Raman Kumar
Family medicine (FM) is an independent and distinct medical specialty in the developed countries such as USA, UK, Australia, and Canada since 1960s. FM teaching is imparted at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in countries such as Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Family practice is the practicing vocation of the majority doctors in India. The practitioners of FM include general practitioners, family physicians, FM specialists, and medical officers in the public sector. Medical students are largely unaware about FM career as this concept is not introduced at MBBS level...
January 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429488/health-policy-and-systems-research-training-global-status-and-recommendations-for-action
#15
Tara M Tancred, Meike Schleiff, David H Peters, Dina Balabanova
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of health policy and systems research training globally and to identify recommendations for improvement and expansion. METHODS: We identified institutions offering health policy and systems research training worldwide. In 2014, we recruited participants from identified institutions for an online survey on the characteristics of the institutions and the courses given. Survey findings were explored during in-depth interviews with selected key informants...
July 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251321/cutaneous-mycoses-management-and-education-in-universities-and-their-clinics-in-japan
#16
Takashi Mochizuki
In May 2015, information on the current status of mycological examinations in university clinics, and the education of students, and junior and senior residents in Japanese universities was gathered using a questionnaire, which was completed by 98 of the 117 (83.8%) professors or directors in charge of dermatology departments in Japan that were included in the survey.The questionnaire items were divided into three parts; namely, Part A, inspection methods used for diagnosis of cutaneous mycoses in each university clinic; Part B, need for a network and construction of a support system for medical care and education; and Part C, status of education of undergraduate students and residents...
2016: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147910/use-and-knowledge-on-the-information-technologies-in-medical-education-bosnian-and-herzegovinian-experience
#17
Izet Masic, Edin Begic, Nedim Begic
INTRODUCTION: Information technologies (IT) are becoming a tool without which further education of both medical students and doctors would not be possible. AIM: The aim of this paper was to analyze the use of IT in the prism of two systems, the old system and the Bologna system. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Answers from questionnaires from total of 459 students (2012/13-2015/16 generation) were analyzed. RESULTS: The presence of large number of female students, in both systems is significant (p <0...
April 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128405/-evidence-and-evidence-gaps-an-introduction
#18
G Dreier, J Löhler
BACKGROUND: Treating patients requires the inclusion of existing evidence in any health care decision, to be able to choose the best diagnosis or treatment measure or to make valid prognosis statements for a particular patient in consideration of the physician's own expertise.The basis are clinical trials, the results of which are ideally gathered in systematic reviews, rated, summarized and published. In addition to the GCP (Good Clinical Practice)-compliant planning, conducting and analysis of clinical studies it is essential, that all study results are made publicly available, in order to avoid publication bias...
April 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103236/development-and-validation-of-an-evidence-based-practice-instrument-for-nursing-students-based-on-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#19
Richard Watters, Elizabeth R Moore, Kenneth Wallston
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study developed and validated a theory of planned behavior (TPB)-based self-report instrument to measure nursing students' attitudes toward evidence-based practice (EBP), perceived support, self-efficacy, and implementation of EBP. METHODS: There were 348 nursing students at 1 university who completed the measure as a pretest at the beginning of a course designed to teach them about EBP; 164 at the end of the course as a posttest. RESULTS: Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) students reported higher EBP implementation scores than Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) students who, in turn, had higher scores than prespecialty students...
2016: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26854523/encouraging-primary-care-research-evaluation-of-a-one-year-doctoral-clinical-epidemiology-research-course
#20
Helena Liira, Tuomas Koskela, Hans Thulesius, Kaisu Pitkälä
OBJECTIVE: Research and PhDs are relatively rare in family medicine and primary care. To promote research, regular one-year research courses for primary care professionals with a focus on clinical epidemiology were started. This study explores the academic outcomes of the first four cohorts of research courses and surveys the participants' perspectives on the research course. DESIGN: An electronic survey was sent to the research course participants. All peer-reviewed scientific papers published by these students were retrieved by literature searches in PubMed...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
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