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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334713/-prevalence-and-influential-factors-of-stroke-in-jiangxi-province-in-2014
#1
W Zhou, B Zhang, X Huang, C J You, B M Zhan, R Q Yang, Y F Dong, J X Li, P Li, K Hong, Y Q Wu, Q H Wu, H Su, H H Bao, X S Cheng
Objective: To discuss the prevalence and influential factors of stroke among population in Jiangxi Province. Methods: Four cities in urban areas and four counties in rural areas were selected firstly, in which two districts or townships were selected; and then three communities or villages were chosen from each district and township, respectively, using the simple random sampling (SRS) method. Finally 15 269 subjects aging 15 years old or above, living in Jiangxi Province ≥6 months were randomly selected to participate in this survey from November 2013 to August 2014...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334712/-the-effect-of-ambient-pm-10-on-sperm-quality-in-wuhan
#2
X C Wang, X J Tian, B Ye, L Ma, Y Zhang, J Yang
Objective: To investigate the effect of exposure to particulate matter ≤10 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM(10)) on sperm quality in different stages of sperm development. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1 827 patients attending the reproductive medicine center in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University during April 2013 to January 2015. Air pollution data from January 2013 to January 2015 was obtained from the database of Wuhan Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau. The generalized linear model was employed to assess the association between each exposure variables and sperm parameters for several exposure windows (0-9, 10-14, 15-69, 70-90, 0-90 days before sampling) ...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334711/-serologic-surveillance-indicators-analysis-among-syphilis-infected-pregnant-women-in-east-china
#3
L X Dou, Q Wang, X Y Wang, Y P Qiao, M Su, X Jin, A L Wang
Objective: To analyze serologic surveillance indicators during pregnancy among syphilis-infected women who delivered in 2013 in East China. Methods: Data were from national 'Information System of Prevention of Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV, syphilis and HBV Management' and in total 5 206 syphilis-infected pregnant women who delivered in 2013 and in East China were involved in the analysis. Information on demographic characters, laboratory tests, and treatment regimens were collected. The maternal non-treponemal testing surveillance and titer distribution were described and compare the proportions between pregnant women receiving standard testing and non-standard testing, taking baseline testing and testing before delivery or at the third trimester...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334710/-a-study-on-genotype-of-271-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-in-6-prefectures-in-yunnan-province
#4
L Y Chen, X Yang, H H Ru, H J Yang, S Q Yan, L Ma, J O Chen, R Yang, L Xu
Objective: To understand the characteristics of genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Yunnan province, and provide the molecular epidemiological evidence for prevention and control of tuberculosis in Yunnan Province. Methods: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis isolates were collected from 6 prefectures of Yunnan province in 2014 and their Genetypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were obtained using spoligotyping and multiple locus variable numbers of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA). The results of spoligotyping were entered into the SITVITWEB database to obtain the Spoligotyping International Type (SIT) patterns and the sublineages of MTB isolates...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334709/-molecular-epidemiological-study-of-human-coronavirus-oc43-in-shanghai-from-2009-2016
#5
Y J Yang, Y W Hu
Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of Human coronavirus (HCoV), the patterns of emergence and circulation, and the genotype distribution of human coronavirus OC43 (HCoV-OC43) from November, 2009 to April, 2016 in Shanghai. Methods: A total of 6 059 respiratory specimens, including pharyngeal swab, sputum, nasopharyngeal aspirates and alveolar lavage fluid, as well as relative clinical data were collected from patients with acute respiratory infections from seven sentinel hospitals during November, 2009 to April, 2016 in Shanghai...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334707/-comparing-the-immunogenicity-and-safety-of-sequential-inoculation-of-sipv-followed-by-bopv-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-in-different-dosage-forms
#6
H Ye, T Huang, Z F Ying, G L Li, Y C Che, Z M Zhao, J F Wang, X L Yang, L Shi, R J Jiang, X C Liu, Z J Mo, C G Li, J S Yang
Objective: To compare the safety and immunogenicity of two different sequential schedules of inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine made from Sabin strain (sIPV) followed by typeⅠ+Ⅲ bivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (bOPV) in Drug Candy (DC) form or liquid dosage form). Methods: This randomized, blinded, single center, parallel-group controlled trial was done from September 2015 to June 2016 in Liuzhou, Guangxi province. Healthy infants aged ≥2 months were eligible for enrollment and divided into 1sIPV+2bOPV or 2sIPV+1bOPV sequential schedules...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334706/-analysis-of-mothers-acceptance-of-hpv-vaccination-of-adolescent-girls-in-xiamen
#7
Y F Han, Y N Zhuang, Y Li, Y Fang
Objective: To survey the mothers' acceptance of the HPV vaccination for their adolescent girls in Xiamen and to explore the influencing factors. Methods: Mothers of adolescent girls were selected by multistage cluster random sampling. Data of demography of the mothers and girls, the knowledge and attitude of cervical cancer and HPV vaccine of the mothers were collected. The influencing factors of mothers' attitudes were analyzed with univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Results: A total of 2 307 mothers were selected...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334703/-the-influencing-factors-of-anemia-for-pregnant-women-between-2010-2012-in-china
#8
S Jiang, X H Pang, Y F Duan, Y Bi, J Wang, S A Yin, L C Yang, Z Y Yang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of anemia and related risk factors for pregnant women in China. Method: Based on Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance 2010-2012, a total of 3 501 pregnant women were investigated from 150 counties of 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China, using a multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling method. General information of pregnant women, health status, and food intake during the gestation, was collected through a questionnaire investigation...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334702/-prevalence-of-calf-muscle-cramps-and-influencing-factors-for-pregnant-women-in-china-during-2010-2012
#9
Y F Duan, J Wang, S Jiang, Y Bi, X H Pang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of calf muscle cramps and possible influencing factors for pregnant women in China. Methods: Using a multi-stage stratified probability proportional to size cluster randomization sampling method during 2010-2012. A total of 3 582 pregnant women were investigated at 150 counties from 31 provinces in China mainland. Information on calf muscle cramps, demographic socio-economic status, pregnancy information, and the physical activities was collected through questionnaires...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334697/sepsis-induced-activation-of-endogenous-glp-1-system-is-enhanced-in-type-2-diabetes
#10
Sivan H Perl, Olga Bloch, Dana Zelnic-Yuval, Itamar Love, Lior Mendel-Cohen, Hadar Flor, Micha J Rapoport
BACKGROUND: High levels of circulating GLP-1 are associated with severity of sepsis in critically ill non-diabetic patients. Whether type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients display different activation of the endogenous GLP-1 system during sepsis and whether it is affected by diabetes related metabolic parameters is not known. METHODS: Serum levels of GLP-1 (total and active forms) and its inhibitor enzyme sDPP-4 were determined by ELISA on admission and after 2-4 days in 37 sepsis patients with (n=13) and without T2D (n=24) and compared to normal healthy controls (n=25)...
January 15, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334691/a-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-fracture-risk
#11
REVIEW
Q Zhang, Y Chen, J Li, D Chen, Z Cheng, S Xu, Y Huang, Q Wang
Bariatric surgery effectively treats morbid obesity. However, the negative effect of this surgery on the bone is concerning. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the fracture risk associated with bariatric surgery in morbidly obese subjects. Relevant studies published from database inception to September 2017 were identified in PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to evaluate the quality of the observational studies, and the Jadad score evaluated randomized controlled trials...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334690/intestinal-metabolism-of-polygonum-cuspidatum-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#12
Jinfeng Fu, Songyan Wu, Min Wang, Yuan Tian, Zunjian Zhang, Rui Song
Rhizoma et Radix Polygoni Cuspidati (RRPC) is commonly prescribed for the treatments of amenorrhea, arthralgia, jaundice and abscess in traditional Chinese medicine. Previous pharmacological studies have indicated that polyphenols are the main pharmacological active ingredients in RRPC. Meanwhile, the poor bioavailability of polyphenols in RRPC implies that those components are probably metabolized by intestinal bacteria before absorption. However, there is rather limited information about RRPC's metabolites produced by intestinal bacteria and the intestinal absorbed constituents...
January 15, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334683/epigenetic-silencing-of-the-mlh1-promoter-in-relation-to-the-development-of-gastric-cancer-and-its-use-as-a-biomarker-for-patients-with-microsatellite-instability-a-systematic-analysis
#13
Guimei Hu, Lijun Qin, Xinjun Zhang, Guoliang Ye, Tao Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Human mutL homolog 1 (MLH1) promoter methylation was reported in gastric cancer (GC). This study determined the clinicopathological, prognostic, and diagnostic effects of MLH1 promoter methylation in GC. METHODS: The combined odds ratio (OR) or hazard ratio (HR) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 4654 GC patients and 3669 non-malignant controls were identified in this systematic analysis...
January 15, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334682/body-mass-index-and-plasma-p-selectin-before-coronary-stenting-predict-high-residual-platelet-reactivity-at-6-months-on-dual-antiplatelet-therapy
#14
Elena Z Golukhova, Marina V Grigoryan, Mariya N Ryabinina, Naida I Bulaeva, Victor L Serebruany
BACKGROUND: High residual platelet reactivity (HRPR) during dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) may impact clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). However, whether any biomarkers assessed before PCI at DAPT loading may predict delayed maintenance HRPR is not clear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether conventional clinical or laboratory indices at loading before stenting may predict HRPR at 6 months of maintenance DAPT...
January 16, 2018: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334680/blood-pressure-variability-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-influence-of-infarct-location-in-the-insular-cortex
#15
Juri Kitamura, Hiroki Ueno, Michiaki Nagai, Naohisa Hosomi, Kie Honjo, Masahiro Nakamori, Tomoya Mukai, Eiji Imamura, Tomohisa Nezu, Shiro Aoki, Tomohiko Ohshita, Eiichi Nomura, Shinichi Wakabayashi, Hirofumi Maruyama, Masayasu Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to elucidate the influence of insular infarction on blood pressure (BP) variability and outcomes according to the region of the insular cortex affected. METHODS: A total of 90 patients diagnosed with acute unilateral ischemic stroke were registered. The BP variability was calculated over 24 h after admission (hyperacute) and for 2-3 days after admission (acute). Patients were classified into groups of right and left, and then right anterior, right posterior, left anterior, and left posterior insular infarction...
January 15, 2018: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334674/relationship-between-jumping-abilities-and-skeletal-muscle-architecture-of-lower-limbs-in-humans-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
J D Ruiz-Cárdenas, J J Rodríguez-Juan, J Ríos-Díaz
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of skeletal muscle architecture (SMA) features measured by 2-D ultrasonography on jumping performance in humans. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted, registry number: CRD42016043602. The scientific literature was systematically searched in eight databases, last run on March 14th, 2017. Cross-sectional studies focused on the association between SMA features and vertical jumping performance were selected. A random-effects model was used to analyze the influence of lower-limb SMA and maximal jump height...
January 12, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334672/oxidative-and-interactive-challenge-of-cadmium-and-ocean-acidification-on-the-smooth-scallop-flexopecten-glaber
#17
Alessandro Nardi, Maura Benedetti, Daniele Fattorini, Francesco Regoli
Ocean acidification (OA) may affect sensitivity of marine organisms to metal pollution modulating chemical bioavailability, bioaccumulation and biological responsiveness of several cellular pathways. In this study, the smooth scallop Flexopecten glaber was exposed to various combinations of reduced pH (pH/pCO2 7.4/∼3000 μatm) and Cd (20 μg/L). The analyses on cadmium uptake were integrated with those of a wide battery of biomarkers including metallothioneins, single antioxidant defenses and total oxyradical scavenging capacity in digestive gland and gills, lysosomal membrane stability and onset of genotoxic damage in haemocytes...
January 8, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334669/anti-obesity-effects-of-clausena-excavata-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#18
Young-Rak Cho, Jung A Lee, Yoon Yeon Kim, Jae-Shin Kang, Jae-Ho Lee, Eun-Kyung Ahn
Clausena excavata (C. excavata) has been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of abdominal pain, enteritis, dysentery, and malaria. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of a 50% ethanol extract of C. excavata (ECE) on weight loss, adipocyte size, and obesity-related biochemical parameters in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. After 6 weeks of HFD + ECE administration, HFD-induced total fat, subcutaneous fat, and visceral fat were evaluated by micro-computed tomography. The serum levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TCH), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol were evaluated with a biochemical analyzer, and leptin and adiponectin levels in the serum were assessed via enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA)...
January 12, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334660/global-proteomic-analysis-of-water-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-saliva-at-different-stages-of-estrous-cycle-using-high-throughput-mass-spectrometry
#19
N G Shashikumar, R K Baithalu, S Bathla, S A Ali, P Rawat, A Kumaresan, S Kumar, B R Maharana, G Singh, D S Puneeth Kumar, S K Singh, S S Lathwal, L Jaiswal, T K Mohanty, A K Mohanty
Accurate and efficient detection of estrus is one of the major constraints for exploitation of the production potential of buffalo owing to its poor manifestation of estrus signs, seasonal differences in expression and higher incidences of silent estrus (29%). The current study focused on identification of estrus specific candidate proteins in saliva of buffaloes. Estrus was detected based on behavioral signs in response to the teaser and changes in reproductive organs and confirmed by per-rectal examination, trans-rectal USG of reproductive organs, cervico-vaginal mucus characteristics and blood serum progesterone estimation...
January 9, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334651/effects-of-perinatal-fluoride-exposure-on-the-expressions-of-mir-124-and-mir-132-in-hippocampus-of-mouse-pups
#20
Jixiang Wang, Yuliang Zhang, Zhenzhen Guo, Rui Li, Xingchen Xue, Zilong Sun, Ruiyan Niu
To investigate the effects of perinatal fluoride exposure on learning and memory ability of mouse offspring, ICR female mice were received different doses of sodium fluoride (0, 25, 50, 100 mg/L NaF) from pregnant day 7 to lactational day 21. Pups were exposed to fluoride through the cord blood and breast milk. Open field test showed that compared to the control group, perinatal fluoride exposure significantly decreased the number of entries into the center zone in 100 mg/L NaF group. In the eight-arm maze test, the number of working memory errors, reference memory errors, and the total arm entries were significantly increased in fluoride treatment groups, compared to the control group...
January 8, 2018: Chemosphere
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