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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549355/predictors-of-language-gains-among-school-age-children-with-language-impairment-in-the-public-schools
#1
Laura M Justice, Hui Jiang, Jessica A Logan, Mary Beth Schmitt
Purpose: This study aimed to identify child-level characteristics that predict gains in language skills for children with language impairment who were receiving therapy within the public schools. The therapy provided represented business-as-usual speech/language treatment provided by speech-language pathologists in the public schools. Method: The sample included 272 kindergartners and first-graders with language impairment who participated in a larger study titled "Speech-Therapy Experiences in the Public Schools...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549348/ocular-toxicities-associated-with-targeted-anticancer-agents-an-analysis-of-clinical-data-with-management-suggestions
#2
Chen Fu, Dan S Gombos, Jared Lee, Goldy C George, Kenneth Hess, Andrew Whyte, David S Hong
Ocular toxicities are among the most common adverse events resulting from targeted anticancer agents and are becoming increasingly relevant in the management of patients on these agents. The purpose of this study is to provide a framework for management of these challenging toxicities based on objective data from FDA labels and from analysis of the literature. All oncologic drugs approved by the FDA up to March 14, 2015, were screened for inclusion. A total of 16 drugs (12 small-molecule drugs and 4 monoclonal antibodies) were analyzed for ocular toxicity profiles based on evidence of ocular toxicity...
May 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549339/typical-and-atypical-presenting-symptoms-of-breast-cancer-and-their-associations-with-diagnostic-intervals-evidence-from-a-national-audit-of-cancer-diagnosis
#3
Minjoung Monica Koo, Christian von Wagner, Gary A Abel, Sean McPhail, Greg P Rubin, Georgios Lyratzopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Most symptomatic women with breast cancer have relatively short diagnostic intervals but a substantial minority experience prolonged journeys to diagnosis. Atypical presentations (with symptoms other than breast lump) may be responsible. METHODS: We examined the presenting symptoms of breast cancer in women using data from a national audit initiative (n=2316). Symptoms were categorised topographically. We investigated variation in the length of the patient interval (time from symptom onset to presentation) and the primary care interval (time from presentation to specialist referral) across symptom groups using descriptive analyses and quantile regression...
May 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549328/enhanced-photocatalytic-hydrogen-production-from-aqueous-sulfide-sulfite-solution-by-zno0-6s0-4-with-simultaneous-dye-degradation-under-visible-light-irradiation
#4
Ka Him Chu, Liqun Ye, Wei Wang, Dan Wu, Donald Ka Long Chan, Cuiping Zeng, Ho Yin Yip, Jimmy C Yu, Po Keung Wong
Photocatalytic hydrogen (H2) production was performed by visible-light-driven (VLD) ternary photocatalyst, zinc oxysulfide (ZnO0.6S0.4) in the presence of sulfide/sulfite (S2(2-)/SO3(2-)) sacrificing system, with simultaneous azo-dye Reactive Violet 5 (RV5) degradation. Enhancement in both RV5 degradation and H2 production was achieved, with the promotion of H2 production after decolorization of RV5. The effect of initial concentration of RV5 was found to be influential on the enhancement of H2 during the simultaneous processes, with a maximum of 110% increase of H2 produced...
May 20, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549317/frontal-and-subcortical-grey-matter-reductions-in-ptsd
#5
Daniel C M O'Doherty, Ashleigh Tickell, Will Ryder, Charles Chan, Daniel F Hermens, Maxwell R Bennett, Jim Lagopoulos
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterised by a range of debilitating psychological, physical and cognitive symptoms. PTSD has been associated with grey matter atrophy in limbic and frontal cortical brain regions. However, previous studies have reported heterogeneous findings, with grey matter changes observed beyond limbic/frontal areas. Seventy-five adults were recruited from the community, 25 diagnosed with PTSD along with 25 healthy and 25 trauma exposed age and gender matched controls. Participants underwent clinical assessment and magnetic resonance imaging...
May 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549315/associations-between-the-levels-of-thyroid-hormones-and-lipid-lipoprotein-levels-data-from-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#6
Ram B Jain
Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the years 2007-2012 were used to investigate associations between thyroid hormones and lipid/lipoprotein levels for a representative sample of general US population aged ≥20 years. There were no statistically significant differences for adjusted high density lipoprotein levels among thyroid function groups, namely, subclinical hyperthyroid (SCHPR), clinical hyperthyroid (CHPR), euthyroid (EU), clinical hypothyroid (CHYP), and subclinical hypothyroid (SCHYP)...
May 4, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549312/exposure-to-suicide-is-associated-with-increased-risk-for-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-national-guard-military-personnel
#7
Craig J Bryan, Julie Cerel, AnnaBelle O Bryan
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that individuals who know someone who died by suicide are at increased risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and recent suicidal thoughts. Studies have not yet investigated the association of suicide exposure with suicide attempts, however, especially among high-risk subgroups of military personnel such as the National Guard. PROCEDURES: An anonymous online survey was completed by 971 military personnel assigned to the National Guard in Utah and Idaho...
May 18, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549303/end-of-life-eol-mobile-phone-management-in-hong-kong-households
#8
Wen-Jing Deng, John P Giesy, C S So, Hai-Long Zheng
A questionnaire survey and interviews were conducted in households and end-of-life (EoL) mobile phone business centres in Hong Kong. Widespread Internet use, combined with the rapid evolution of modern social networks, has resulted in the more rapid obsolescence of mobile phones, and thus a tremendous increase in the number of obsolete phones. In 2013, the volume of EoL mobile phones generated in Hong Kong totalled at least 330 tonnes, and the amount is rising. Approximately 80% of electronic waste is exported to Africa and developing countries such as mainland China or Pakistan for recycling...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549301/ecotoxicological-effect-of-ketamine-evidence-of-acute-chronic-and-photolysis-toxicity-to-daphnia-magna
#9
Shih-Wei Li, Yu-Hsiang Wang, Angela Yu-Chen Lin
Ketamine has been increasingly used in medicine and has the potential for abuse or illicit use around the world. Ketamine cannot be removed by conventional wastewater treatment plants. Although ketamine and its metabolite norketamine have been detected to a significant degree in effluents and aquatic environments, their ecotoxicity effects in aquatic organisms remain undefined. In this study, we investigated the acute toxicity of ketamine and its metabolite, along with the chronic reproductive toxicity of ketamine (5-100μg/L) to Daphnia magna...
May 23, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549291/antidiabetogenic-efficiency-of-menthol-improves-glucose-homeostasis-and-attenuates-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-apoptosis-in-streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced-experimental-rats-through-ameliorating-glucose-metabolic-enzymes
#10
Udaiyar Muruganathan, Subramani Srinivasan, Veerasamy Vinothkumar
The phytochemical, menthol, has been reported to play many beneficial roles. However, under diabetic conditions, there is no detail mechanism of its beneficial action in the glucose homeostasis. The present study, we investigated to explore the role of menthol, on the glucose metabolic enzymes and pancreatic islet cell apoptosis of streptozotocin-nicotinamide (STZ-NA) induced diabetes in rats. Diabetes was induced by single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of STZ (50mg/kg/b.w.) and NA (110mg/kg/b.w.). Diabetic rats were treated with different dose of menthol (25, 50, and 100mg/kg/b...
May 23, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549274/mechanisms-and-risk-of-cumulative-impacts-to-coastal-ecosystem-services-an-expert-elicitation-approach
#11
Gerald G Singh, Jim Sinner, Joanne Ellis, Milind Kandlikar, Benjamin S Halpern, Terre Satterfield, Kai M A Chan
Coastal environments are some of the most populated on Earth, with greater pressures projected in the future. Managing coastal systems requires the consideration of multiple uses, which both benefit from and threaten multiple ecosystem services. Thus understanding the cumulative impacts of human activities on coastal ecosystem services would seem fundamental to management, yet there is no widely accepted approach for assessing these. This study trials an approach for understanding the cumulative impacts of anthropogenic change, focusing on Tasman and Golden Bays, New Zealand...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549263/prevalence-reasons-perceived-effects-and-correlates-of-medical-marijuana-use-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Ji-Yeun Park, Li-Tzy Wu
BACKGROUND: The use of marijuana for medical purposes is now legal in some U.S. states and other jurisdictions, such as Canada, and Israel. Despite the widespread legalization of medical marijuana globally, there is limited information on patterns and correlates of medical marijuana use (MMU). We conducted a literature review to assess prevalence, reasons, perceived effects, and correlates of MMU among adolescents and adults. METHODS: We searched peer-reviewed articles in English between January 1996 and August 2016 from several databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) using different combinations of keywords...
May 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549221/preventing-underfeeding-and-overfeeding-a-clinician-s-guide-to-the-acquisition-and-implementation-of-indirect-calorimetry
#13
Amy K Ladd, Heather E Skillman, Matthew A Haemer, Peter M Mourani
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients, indirect calorimetry (IC) is the gold standard to determine energy needs, as the use of predictive equations can result in underfeeding or overfeeding. The aim of this quality improvement (QI) initiative was to describe the rationale for and implementation of a process to target energy provision according to IC measurements in a tertiary academic medical center pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: To justify the purchase of an indirect calorimeter for clinical use, a needs assessment was conducted, followed by a training and implementation period...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549210/selecting-sugarcane-genotypes-by-the-selection-index-reveals-high-gain-for-technological-quality-traits
#14
L A Silva, P E Teodoro, L A Peixoto, C Assis, K Gasparini, M H P Barbosa, L L Bhering
Sugarcane (Saccharum sp) is one of the most promising crops and researchers have sought for renewable alternative energy sources to reduce CO2 emission. The study of strategies, which allow breeders in the selection of superior genotypes for many traits simultaneously, is important. Therefore, the objectives of this study were: i) to apply path analysis to better understand the relationship between the lignocellulosic traits and technological quality traits with total recoverable sugars (TRS) and ii) to use several multivariate selection indexes to predict the genetic gain and to select superior genotypes in the sugarcane breeding...
May 25, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549206/assessment-of-allelic-diversity-among-drought-resistant-cotton-genotypes-using-microsatellite-markers
#15
A Javaid, F S Awan, F M Azhar, I A Khan
Drought, in conjunction with high temperature, is an important environmental constraint to cotton production. Development of cotton varieties with increased tolerance against adverse environmental conditions has been proposed as effective strategy for ensuring reliable yields. In the present study, 30 simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers were used to estimate genetic divergence among 22 cotton genotypes for drought stress tolerance. Genetic diversity is a prerequisite for developing drought resistant cotton genotypes...
May 25, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549197/analysis-of-protein-profile-of-tomato-root-infected-with-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-lycopersici
#16
T D Silva, C M A Almeida, C B Malafaia, L M S Oliveira, M V Silva, M T S Correia
Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp lycopersici (Fol) is one of the main diseases affecting tomatoes. The BHRS 2,3 genotype of tomato is, however, resistant to this disease. A proteomic approach was used to understand the defense mechanisms of this genotype using the tomato root, the first tissue that interacts with the fungus, as a target. Protein was extracted and separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis followed by staining with Coomassie brilliant blue. The proteins were identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry...
May 25, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549196/effects-of-enterococcus-faecium-slb-120-on-growth-performance-blood-parameters-relative-organ-weight-breast-muscle-meat-quality-excreta-microbiota-shedding-and-noxious-gas-emission-in-broilers
#17
R X Lan, S I Lee, I H Kim
This 5-week study was conducted to determine the effects of Enterococcus faecium (SLB 120) on growth performance, blood parameters, relative organ weight, breast muscle meat quality, excreta microbiota shedding, and noxious gas emission in broilers. A total of 816 one-day-old male broilers were allocated to 4 groups with 12 replications (17 broilers/pen) according to body weight (43.2 ± 0.32 g). Dietary treatment groups were: (1) CON, basal diet, (2) T1, CON + 0.05% E. faecium, (3) T2, CON + 0.10% E. faecium, (4) T3, CON + 0...
May 26, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549190/newborn-care-practices-and-health-seeking-behavior-in-rural-eastern-ethiopia-a-community-based-study
#18
Betemariam Gebre, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Zinaw Taddese, Kebede Deribe, Tsigereda Legesse, Meftuh Omar
Background: Most of the newborn deaths in developing countries occur at home. Up to two-thirds of these deaths would have been prevented if mothers and newborns had received known and effective interventions. The objective of this study is to determine newborn-care practices and health-seeking behavior in rural Eastern Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Adadle district, Ethiopian Somali Regional State. A multi-stage random sampling technique was applied...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549182/single-provenance-mature-conifers-show-higher-non-structural-carbohydrate-storage-and-reduced-growth-in-a-drier-location
#19
Frida I Piper, Alex Fajardo, Günter Hoch
Since growth is more sensitive to drought than photosynthesis, trees inhabiting dry regions are expected to exhibit higher carbohydrate storage and less growth than their conspecifics from more humid regions. However, the same pattern can be the result of different genotypes inhabiting contrasting humidity conditions. To test if reduced growth and high carbohydrate storage are environmentally driven by drought, we examined the growth and non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) concentrations in single-provenance stands of mature trees of Pinus contorta Douglas and Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C...
May 26, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549163/factors-influencing-the-academic-performance-of-children-with-sickle-cell-anaemia-in-ekiti-south-west-nigeria
#20
Oladele Simeon Olatunya, Oluwasola Julius Oke, Bankole Peter Kuti, Iyiade Adeseye Ajayi, Oyebanji Olajuyin, Olubunmi Omotosho-Olagoke, Adekunle Bamidele Taiwo, Opeyemi Ayodeji Faboya, Ayodeji Ajibola
Background: There is a paucity of information on factors that influence the school performance of children with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) in Nigeria, despite her huge burden of the disease. Methods: In total, 101 children with SCA were recruited at a paediatric clinic in Nigeria. Their socio-demographic-matched classmates were the controls. Academic performance and cognitive functioning were obtained from school reports and Ziler's Draw-a-Person Test, respectively...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
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