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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148351/opioid-prescribing-by-nurse-practitioners-in-medicare-part-d-impact-of-state-scope-of-practice-legislation
#1
Elissa Ladd, Casey Fryer Sweeney, Anthony Guarino, Alex Hoyt
Many state legislatures restrict nurse practitioner (NP) scope of practice as a way of addressing patient safety concerns. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of state NP scope of practice laws on the prescription of oxycodone and hydrocodone containing medications by NP and MD/DO/PA prescribers to Medicare Part D beneficiaries. Using the Medicare Part D public use file, we analyzed oxycodone and hydrocodone containing prescriptions per Medicare Part D beneficiary by prescriber type, NP state scope of practice, and geographic variables...
August 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148320/the-extraregulatory-effect-of-nurse-practitioner-scope-of-practice-laws-on-physician-malpractice-rates
#2
Benjamin J McMichael, Barbara J Safriet, Peter I Buerhaus
Patients can hold physicians directly or vicariously liable for the malpractice of nurse practitioners under their supervision. Restrictive scope-of-practice laws governing nurse practitioners can ease patients' legal burdens in establishing physician liability. We analyze the effect of restrictive scope-of-practice laws on the number of malpractice payments made on behalf of physicians between 1999 and 2012. Enacting less restrictive scope-of-practice laws decreases the number of payments made by physicians by as much as 31%, suggesting that restrictive scope-of-practice laws have a salient extraregulatory effect on physician malpractice rates...
January 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146489/exploring-the-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-using-evidence-based-drugs-in-the-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-findings-from-a-multistakeholder-qualitative-analysis
#3
Victoria Miller, Lavanya Nambiar, Malvika Saxena, Darryl Leong, Amitava Banerjee, José Pablo Werba, Jose Rocha Faria Neto, Katherine Curi Quinto, Mohammed Moniruzzaman, Shweta Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Health-system barriers and facilitators associated with cardiovascular medication adherence have seldom been studied, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where uptake rates are poorest. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the major obstacles and facilitators to the use of evidence-supported medications for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease using qualitative analysis in 2 diverse countries across multiple levels of their health care systems...
November 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141653/test-of-a-workforce-development-intervention-to-expand-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-pharmacotherapy-prescribers-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#4
Todd Molfenter, Hannah K Knudsen, Randy Brown, Nora Jacobson, Julie Horst, Mark Van Etten, Jee-Seon Kim, Eric Haram, Elizabeth Collier, Sanford Starr, Alexander Toy, Lynn Madden
BACKGROUND: Overdoses due to non-medical use of prescription opioids and other opiates have become the leading cause of accidental deaths in the USA. Buprenorphine and extended-release naltrexone are key evidence-based pharmacotherapies available to addiction treatment providers to address opioid use disorder (OUD) and prevent overdose deaths. Treatment organizations' efforts to provide these pharmacotherapies have, however, been stymied by limited success in recruiting providers (physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants) to prescribe these medications...
November 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140836/pyoderma-gangrenosum-a-critical-appraisal
#5
Eran Shavit, Afsaneh Alavi, R Gary Sibbald
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information about pyoderma gangrenosum (PG), including pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria, and treatment. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to: ABSTRACT: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an uncommon cutaneous disease, presenting with recurrent painful ulcerations most commonly on the lower extremities...
December 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139608/current-state-of-screening-high-ace-youth-and-emerging-adults-in-primary-care
#6
Michelle Pardee, Elizabeth Kuzma, Chin Hwa Gina Y Dahlem, Nicole Boucher, Cynthia S Darling-Fisher
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Trauma comes in many forms, including interpersonal, community, and institutional trauma. The adverse childhood event (ACE) studies demonstrated that adverse experiences in childhood can have a profound, cumulative impact on the course of health and development over a lifetime. It is critical for healthcare providers, such as nurse practitioners (NPs), working in primary care to screen adolescents and emerging adults for a history of ACEs and trauma. A review of current assessment tools used in assessing this population in health settings is needed to determine how screening for ACEs is being performed...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138593/intrathecal-pain-management-a-team-based-approach
#7
REVIEW
Jeremy A Adler, Neona M Lotz
Objective: Physician assistants (PAs), nurse practitioners (NPs), and registered nurses (RNs) provide professional services on pain management teams. This review provides an overview of the practical management of chronic pain with intrathecal (IT) therapy using an interprofessional approach (eg, physicians and other health care professionals), with a focus on the contributions of PAs, NPs, and RNs. Methods: Narrative review based on literature searches of the Medline database and treatment guidelines on the use of IT therapy in the management of patients with chronic pain...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138209/healthcare-providers-gestational-weight-gain-counselling-practises-and-the-influence-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#8
Jill Morris, Hara Nikolopoulos, Tanya Berry, Venu Jain, Michael Vallis, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Rhonda C Bell
OBJECTIVE: To understand current gestational weight gain (GWG) counselling practices of healthcare providers, and the relationships between practices, knowledge and attitudes. DESIGN: Concurrent mixed methods with data integration: cross-sectional survey and semistructured interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Prenatal healthcare providers in Canada: general practitioners, obstetricians, midwives, nurse practitioners and registered nurses in primary care settings...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138153/deprescribing-antihyperglycemic-agents-in-older-persons-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline
#9
Barbara Farrell, Cody Black, Wade Thompson, Lisa McCarthy, Carlos Rojas-Fernandez, Heather Lochnan, Salima Shamji, Ross Upshur, Manon Bouchard, Vivian Welch
OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based guideline to help clinicians make decisions about when and how to safely taper, stop, or switch antihyperglycemic agents in older adults. METHODS: We focused on the highest level of evidence available and sought input from primary care professionals in guideline development, review, and endorsement processes. Seven clinicians (2 family physicians, 3 pharmacists, 1 nurse practitioner, and 1 endocrinologist) and a methodologist comprised the overall team; members disclosed conflicts of interest...
November 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138033/randomized-trial-of-high-and-low-fidelity-simulation-to-teach-intrauterine-contraception-placement
#10
Siripanth Nippita, Miriam J Haviland, Sara F Voit, Judith Perez-Peralta, Michele R Hacker, Maureen E Paul
BACKGROUND: High fidelity simulation creates conditions that resemble real circumstances, and can help teach procedures such as intrauterine contraception placement. Its impact on skill retention has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate novice learners' skills, attitudes, and knowledge on placement of intrauterine contraception when trained using a high-fidelity commercially available simulator compared with a low-fidelity simulator. STUDY DESIGN: We recruited senior nurse practitioner students and interns in obstetrics and gynecology and family medicine inexperienced with intrauterine contraception placement...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137723/the-promise-and-problems-of-non-physician-practitioners-in-general-surgery-education-results-of-a-multi-center-mixed-methods-study-of-faculty
#11
James E Coverdill, Jeff Scott Shelton, Adnan Alseidi, David C Borgstrom, Daniel L Dent, Russell Dumire, Jonathan Fryer, Thomas H Hartranft, Steven B Holsten, M Timothy Nelson, Mohsen M Shabahang, Stanley R Sherman, Paula M Termuhlen, Randy J Woods, John D Mellinger
BACKGROUND: Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants - called non-physician practitioners or NPPs - are common, but little is known about their educational promise and problems. METHODS: General surgery faculty in 13 residency programs were surveyed (N = 279 with a 71% response rate) and interviewed (N = 43) about experiences with NPPs. The survey documents overall patterns and differences by program type and primary service; interviews point to deeper rationales and concerns...
November 5, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129740/survey-on-neonatal-end-of-life-comfort-care-guidelines-across-america
#12
Shelly Haug, Sara Farooqi, Christopher G Wilson, Andrew Hopper, Grace Oei, Brian Carter
CONTEXT: Infants of age < 1 year have the highest mortality rate in pediatrics. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published guidelines for palliative care in 2013, however, significant variation persists among local protocols addressing neonatal comfort care at the end-of-life (EOL). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate current neonatal EOL comfort care practices and clinician satisfaction across America METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval (516005), an anonymous, electronic survey was sent to members of the AAP Section on Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126591/parental-refusal-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-multisite-study
#13
Frances DiAnna Kinder
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore reasons why parents may refuse administration of the human papillomavirus vaccine to their children. The data from this multisite study will contribute to our understanding of why parents may refuse administration of the vaccine. METHODS: This mixed-methods study took place in several pediatric settings after a pilot study was completed. After a health visit in which the vaccine was refused, a survey was provided to the parent in a private room...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121647/update-of-the-dutch-manual-for-costing-studies-in-health-care
#14
Tim A Kanters, Clazien A M Bouwmans, Naomi van der Linden, Siok Swan Tan, Leona Hakkaart-van Roijen
OBJECTIVES: Dutch health economic guidelines include a costing manual, which describes preferred research methodology for costing studies and reference prices to ensure high quality studies and comparability between study outcomes. This paper describes the most important revisions of the costing manual compared to the previous version. METHODS: An online survey was sent out to potential users of the costing manual to identify topics for improvement. The costing manual was aligned with contemporary health economic guidelines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117934/uses-of-mobile-device-digital-photography-of-dermatologic-conditions-in-primary-care
#15
Jennifer L Pecina, Kirk D Wyatt, Nneka I Comfere, Matthew E Bernard, Frederick North
BACKGROUND: PhotoExam is a mobile app that incorporates digital photographs into the electronic health record (EHR) using iPhone operating system (iOS, Apple Inc)-based mobile devices. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe usage patterns of PhotoExam in primary care and to assess clinician-level factors that influence the use of the PhotoExam app for teledermatology (TD) purposes. METHODS: Retrospective record review of primary care patients who had one or more photos taken with the PhotoExam app between February 16, 2015 to February 29, 2016 were reviewed for 30-day outcomes for rates of dermatology consult request, mode of dermatology consultation (curbside phone consult, eConsult, and in-person consult), specialty and training level of clinician using the app, performance of skin biopsy, and final pathological diagnosis (benign vs malignant)...
November 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117054/an-outcome-analysis-of-nurse-practitioners-in-acute-care-trauma-services
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117053/an-outcome-analysis-of-nurse-practitioners-in-acute-care-trauma-services
#17
Anna Holliday, Damayanti Samanta, Julie Budinger, Jessica Hardway, Audis Bethea
The department of trauma at a Level 1 trauma center sought to improve outcomes by enhancing the continuity of care for patients admitted to trauma services. Departmental leadership explored opportunities to improve this aspect of patient care through expansion of existing trauma nurse practitioner (NP) services. The restructured trauma NP service model was implemented in September 2013. A retrospective study was conducted with patients who presented at the trauma center between September 2012 and August 2015...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115771/an-advanced-nurse-practitioner-service-for-neonates-children-and-young-people
#18
Robin Hyde
The NHS continues to face unprecedented demands and reform which necessitates a move away from traditional modes of delivery. Over the past ten years economic austerity, changes to legislation and professional career developments have led to healthcare service redesign and innovations in nursing roles, including the development of the advanced nurse practitioner (ANP) role. This article explores how one organisation created an ANP service for out-of-hours neonatal and paediatric care in a district general hospital setting...
October 10, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100571/oncology-emergency-department-a-nurse-practitioner-care-model
#19
Barbara Beck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100142/determining-geographic-accessibility-of-family-physician-and-nurse-practitioner-services-in-relation-to-the-distribution-of-seniors-within-two-canadian-prairie-provinces
#20
Tayyab Ikram Shah, Stephan Milosavljevic, Brenna Bath
Equitable access and distribution of health care services for rural and remote populations is a substantial challenge for health workforce planners and policy makers. Geospatial examination of access to health care considers both need and supply dimensions together to determine spatial access scores which contribute to a greater understanding of potential inequity in accessibility. This geospatial investigation explores geographic variation in accessibility to primary health care services utilizing combined access scores for family physicians and nurse practitioner services in urban and rural communities in the Canadian Prairie provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta...
October 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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