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Finite element analysis heart valves

Fanwei Kong, Thuy Pham, Caitlin Martin, John Elefteriades, Raymond McKay, Charles Primiano, Wei Sun
OBJECTIVES: Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is a significant complication of left ventricle (LV) dysfunction associated with poor prognosis and commonly treated by undersized ring annuloplasty. This study aimed to quantitatively simulate the treatment outcomes and mitral valve (MV) biomechanics following ring annulopalsty and papillary muscle relocation (PMR) procedures for a FMR patient. METHODS: We utilized a validated finite element model of the left heart for a patient with severe FMR and LV dilation from our previous study and simulated virtual ring annuloplasty procedures with various sizes of Edwards Classic and GeoForm annuloplasty rings...
2018: PloS One
Emily Earl, Hadi Mohammadi
Finite element analysis is a well-established computational tool which can be used for the analysis of soft tissue mechanics. Due to the structural complexity of the leaflet tissue of the heart valve, the currently available finite element models do not adequately represent the leaflet tissue. A method of addressing this issue is to implement computationally expensive finite element models, characterized by precise constitutive models including high-order and high-density mesh techniques. In this study, we introduce a novel numerical technique that enhances the results obtained from coarse mesh finite element models to provide accuracy comparable to that of fine mesh finite element models while maintaining a relatively low computational cost...
June 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Julien Sigüenza, Desiree Pott, Simon Mendez, Simon J Sonntag, Tim A S Kaufmann, Ulrich Steinseifer, Franck Nicoud
The complex fluid-structure interaction problem associated with the flow of blood through a heart valve with flexible leaflets is investigated both experimentally and numerically. In the experimental test rig, a pulse duplicator generates a pulsatile flow through a biomimetic rigid aortic root where a model of aortic valve with polymer flexible leaflets is implanted. High-speed recordings of the leaflets motion and particle image velocimetry measurements were performed together to investigate the valve kinematics and the dynamics of the flow...
April 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
N N Subhash, Adathala Rajeev, Sreedharan Sujesh, C V Muraleedharan
Average age group of heart valve replacement in India and most of the Third World countries is below 30 years. Hence, the valve for such patients need to be designed to have a service life of 50 years or more which corresponds to 2000 million cycles of operation. The purpose of this study was to assess the structural performance of the TTK Chitra tilting disc heart valve model TC2 and thereby address its durability. The TC2 model tilting disc heart valves were assessed to evaluate the risks connected with potential structural failure modes...
August 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Raoul Hopf, Simon H Sündermann, Silvia Born, Carlos E Ruiz, Nicolas M Van Mieghem, Peter P de Jaegere, Francesco Maisano, Volkmar Falk, Edoardo Mazza
The analysis is based on a finite element procedure to extract the contact forces between an implanted Nitinol stent and the surrounding host tissue using postoperative CT images. The methodology was applied for patients (N=46) which have undergone a TAVI procedure with the Medtronic CoreValve Revalving System (MCRS) to obtain corresponding deformation and force maps. The postoperative CT data were recorded for each patient in both systolic and diastolic phase of the heart cycle. Scalar parameters were defined, which map deformed geometry and contact force field to mechanically relevant quantities: radial dilatation, radial shape distortion, non-convex points, mean force, a force deviation measure and a pressure equivalent...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
Seyedvahid Khodaei, Nasser Fatouraee, Malikeh Nabaei
Heart failure is one of the most important issues that has been investigated in recent research studies. Variations that occur in apparatus of mitral valve, such as chordae tendineaea rupture, can affect the valve function during ventricular contraction and lead to regurgitation from the left ventricle into the left atrium. One method for understanding mitral valve function in such conditions is computational analysis. In this paper, we develop a finite element model of mitral valve prolapse, considering the direct effect of left ventricular motion on blood flow interacting with the mitral valve...
March 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
Anvar Gilmanov, Henryk Stolarski, Fotis Sotiropoulos
Hyperelastic material models have been incorporated in the rotation-free, large deformation, shell finite element (FE) formulation of (Stolarski et al., 2013) and applied to dynamic simulations of aortic heart valve. Two models used in the past in analysis of such problem i.e. the Saint-Venant and May-Newmann-Yin (MNY) material models have been considered and compared. Uniaxial tests for those constitutive equations were performed to verify the formulation and implementation of the models. The issue of leaflets interactions during the closing of the heart valve at the end of systole is considered...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
Adarsh Krishnamurthy, Matthew J Gonzales, Gregory Sturgeon, W Paul Segars, Andrew D McCulloch
Cubic Hermite hexahedral finite element meshes have some well-known advantages over linear tetrahedral finite element meshes in biomechanical and anatomic modeling using isogeometric analysis. These include faster convergence rates as well as the ability to easily model rule-based anatomic features such as cardiac fiber directions. However, it is not possible to create closed complex objects with only regular nodes; these objects require the presence of extraordinary nodes (nodes with 3 or >= 5 adjacent elements in 2D) in the mesh...
March 2016: Computer Aided Geometric Design
Mostafa Abbasi, Mohammed S Barakat, Koohyar Vahidkhah, Ali N Azadani
Computational modeling has an important role in design and assessment of medical devices. In computational simulations, considering accurate constitutive models is of the utmost importance to capture mechanical response of soft tissue and biomedical materials under physiological loading conditions. Lack of comprehensive three-dimensional constitutive models for soft tissue limits the effectiveness of computational modeling in research and development of medical devices. The aim of this study was to use inverse finite element (FE) analysis to determine three-dimensional mechanical properties of bovine pericardial leaflets of a surgical bioprosthesis under dynamic loading condition...
September 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Nandini Duraiswamy, Jason D Weaver, Yasamin Ekrami, Stephen M Retta, Changfu Wu
Although generally manufactured as circular devices with symmetric leaflets, transcatheter heart valves can become non-circular post-implantation, the impact of which on the long-term durability of the device is unclear. We investigated the effects of five non-circular (EllipMajor, EllipMinor, D-Shape, TriVertex, TriSides) annular configurations on valve leaflet stresses and valve leaflet deformations through finite element analysis. The highest in-plane principal stresses and strains were observed under an elliptical configuration with an aspect ratio of 1...
June 2016: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
Stefanie Heyden, Andreas Nagler, Cristóbal Bertoglio, Jonas Biehler, Michael W Gee, Wolfgang A Wall, Michael Ortiz
A key element of the cardiac cycle of the human heart is the opening and closing of the four valves. However, the material properties of the leaflet tissues, which fundamentally contribute to determine the mechanical response of the valves, are still an open field of research. The main contribution of the present study is to provide a complete experimental data set for porcine heart valve samples spanning all valve and leaflet types under tensile loading. The tests show a fair degree of reproducibility and are clearly indicative of a number of fundamental tissue properties, including a progressively stiffening response with increasing elongation...
December 16, 2015: Journal of Biomechanics
P J A Oomen, S Loerakker, D van Geemen, J Neggers, M-J T H Goumans, A J van den Bogaerdt, A J J C Bogers, C V C Bouten, F P T Baaijens
UNLABELLED: In order to create tissue-engineered heart valves with long-term functionality, it is essential to fully understand collagen remodeling during neo-tissue formation. Collagen remodeling is thought to maintain mechanical tissue homeostasis. Yet, the driving factor of collagen remodeling remains unidentified. In this study, we determined the collagen architecture and the geometric and mechanical properties of human native semilunar heart valves of fetal to adult age using confocal microscopy, micro-indentation and inverse finite element analysis...
January 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
David L Bark, Lakshmi P Dasi
We examine the influence of the added mass effect (fluid inertia) on mitral valve leaflet stress during isovolumetric phases. To study this effect, oscillating flow is applied to a flexible membrane at various frequencies to control inertia. Resulting membrane strain is calculated through a three-dimensional reconstruction of markers from stereo images. To investigate the effect in vivo, the analysis is repeated on a published dataset for an ovine mitral valve (Journal of Biomechanics 42(16): 2697-2701). The membrane experiment demonstrates that the relationship between pressure and strain must be corrected with a fluid inertia term if the ratio of inertia to pressure differential approaches 1...
May 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Desiree Pott, Maximilian Kütting, Zhaoyang Zhong, Andrea Amerini, Jan Spillner, Rüdiger Autschbach, Ulrich Steinseifer
The development of a transcatheter tricuspid valve prosthesis for the treatment of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is presented. The design process involves an iterative development method based on computed tomography data and different steps of finite element analysis (FEA). The enhanced design consists of two self-expandable stents, one is placed inside the superior vena cava (SVC) for primary device anchoring, the second lies inside the tricuspid valve annulus (TVA). Both stents are connected by flexible connecting struts (CS) to anchor the TVA-stent in the orthotopic position...
October 2015: Artificial Organs
Yong Zhang, Liangliang Wu, Nan Huang
Based on the analysis of the influence of the valve pivot distance on the performance of mechanical heart valve (MHV), such as the valve opening and closing features, flow field characteristics and the valve assembly properties, value constraints of the valve pivot distance were established, and the reasonable valve was obtained by means of the finite element method. It can be shown that the central flow characteristics of the valve could be enhanced with the increasing of the ratio of pivot distance to valve inner diameter, but the plastic deformation of the ring could be liable to occur in the MHV assembly process...
October 2014: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
Arash Khamooshian, Marc P Buijsrogge, Frederiek de Heer, Paul F Gründeman
In the past decades, more than 40 mitral valve annuloplasty rings of various shapes and consistency were marketed for mitral regurgitation (MR), although the effect of ring type on clinical outcome remains unclear. Our objective was to review the literature and apply a simplification method to make rings of different shapes and rigidity more comparable. We studied relevant literature from MEDLINE and EMBASE databases related to clinical studies as well as animal and finite element models. Annuloplasty rings were clustered into 3 groups as follows: rigid (R), flexible (F), and semirigid (S)...
November 2014: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Andrea Avanzini, Davide Battini
Our aim was to understand the structural and functional behaviour of a pericardial heart valve with biological leaflets attached externally to a stent. To our knowledge, there is little if any literature concerning these kinds of bioprosthetic heart valves, while there is more concerning bioprosthetic heart valves with leaflets mounted internally. We studied the problem using a finite element approach considering leaflets and stent interaction, the influence of leaflet anisotropy and stent stiffness, by comparing quasi-static and dynamic loadings...
October 2014: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Gideon Praveen Kumar, Fangsen Cui, Hui Qun Phang, Boyang Su, Hwa Liang Leo, Jimmy Kim Fatt Hon
Percutaneous heart valve replacement is gaining popularity, as more positive reports of satisfactory early clinical experiences are published. However this technique is mostly used for the replacement of pulmonary and aortic valves and less often for the repair and replacement of atrioventricular valves mainly due to their anatomical complexity. While the challenges posed by the complexity of the mitral annulus anatomy cannot be mitigated, it is possible to design mitral stents that could offer good anchorage and support to the valve prosthesis...
July 2014: Medical Engineering & Physics
Siyao Huang, Hsiao-Ying Shadow Huang
This study presents an image-based finite element analysis incorporating histological photomicrographs of heart valve tissues. We report stress fields inside heart valve tissues, where heterogeneously distributed collagen fibres are responsible for transmitting forces into cells. Linear isotropic and anisotropic tissue material property models are incorporated to quantify the overall stress distributions in heart valve tissues. By establishing an effective predictive method with new computational tools and by performing virtual experiments on the heart valve tissue photomicrographs, we clarify how stresses are transferred from matrix to cell...
November 2014: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Thomas E Claiborne, Jawaad Sheriff, Maximilian Kuetting, Ulrich Steinseifer, Marvin J Slepian, Danny Bluestein
Calcific aortic valve disease is the most common and life threatening form of valvular heart disease, characterized by stenosis and regurgitation, which is currently treated at the symptomatic end-stages via open-heart surgical replacement of the diseased valve with, typically, either a xenograft tissue valve or a pyrolytic carbon mechanical heart valve. These options offer the clinician a choice between structural valve deterioration and chronic anticoagulant therapy, respectively, effectively replacing one disease with another...
February 2013: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
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