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Nutrition pediatric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647929/vitamin-d-status-among-israeli-medical-residents
#1
Hadar Moran-Lev, Dror Mandel, Yosef Weisman, Amit Ovental, Ronit Lubetzky
BACKGROUND: Israel is a country with a sunny climate; however, vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are common findings in certain populations whose exposure to sunlight is limited. Medical residency is known for long indoor working hours, thus theoretically limiting the opportunities for sun exposure. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the vitamin D status among residents in a single medical center in Tel Aviv is below the normal range. METHODS: Forty-six residents (28 females, 18 males, average age 33...
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644755/a-contemporary-examination-of-first-and-second-permanent-molar-emergence
#2
B T Pahel, W F Vann, K Divaris, R G Rozier
The emergence of first permanent molars (FPMs) and second permanent molars (SPMs) is an important developmental milestone influencing caries risk and the timing of sealant placement. Emergence times have been shown to vary by sex and race/ethnicity, while recent reports suggest a positive association with adiposity. Amid the changing demographics of the US population and the rising rates of pediatric overweight/obesity, we sought to examine the association of body mass index (BMI) with FPM/SPM emergence in a representative sample of US children and adolescents...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644369/european-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-s-educational-offer-and-the-training-syllabus
#3
Marco Maglione, Daniela Finizio, Gabor Veres, Tudor Lucian Pop, Grazia Isabella Continisio, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Alfredo Guarino
The basic knowledge necessary for a European pediatric gastroenterologist/hepatologist/nutritionist (PGHN) is set-out in the Training Syllabus (TS) of the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN).We retrospectively compared the topics covered in ESPGHAN's training events between 2013 and 2016 with the basic knowledge TS items.Thirty-six initiatives including e-learning were identified. Twelve (33%) courses focused on gastroenterology, 9 (25%) on hepatology, and 10 (28%) on nutrition...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643994/the-impact-of-valproic-acid-treatment-on-weight-gain-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#4
Pietro Ferrara, Antonio Gatto, Valeria Blasi, Federica DI Ruscio, Domenica Battaglia
BACKGROUND: Valproic acid (VPA) is an antiepileptic drug, used for focal and generalized seizure. VPA treatment resulted in significant weight gain but there are no systematic data about the prevalence of this side effect. The aim of the study is to evaluate the weight gain of a paediatric population with epilepsy. METHODS: We enrolled 38 patients, 17 female and 21 male with a mean age of 8.2±4.4 years. We evaluated data about height, weight and BMI at beginning of treatment and at 24, 36 and 48 months of follow-up...
June 22, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641740/the-power-of-language-nutrition-for-children-s-brain-development-health-and-future-academic-achievement
#5
Lauren Head Zauche, Ashley E Darcy Mahoney, Taylor A Thul, Michael S Zauche, Arianne B Weldon, Jennifer L Stapel-Wax
Language Nutrition, a term created to describe language exposure that is rich in quality and quantity and delivered in the context of social interactions, is crucial for a child's development and is strongly associated with his/her future literacy, academic achievement, and health. However, significant differences in children's early language environments contribute to disparities in their educational and health trajectories. Interventions, including book distribution programs, coaching parents to enrich their child's language environment, and public awareness campaigns, have all been shown to positively influence a child's access to language-rich interactions...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639991/evaluation-of-a-nutritional-support-intervention-in-malnourished-hiv-infected-children-in-bamako-mali
#6
Julie Jesson, Aba Coulibaly, Mariam Sylla, Clémentine N'diaye, Fatoumata Dicko, David Masson, Valériane Leroy
BACKGROUND: We assessed a nutritional support intervention in malnourished HIV-infected children in a HIV-care program of the University Hospital Gabriel Touré, Bamako, Mali. METHODS: All HIV-infected children <15 years were diagnosed for malnutrition between 07 and 12/2014. Malnutrition was defined according to the WHO growth standards with Z-scores. Two types were studied: acute malnutrition (AM) and chronic malnutrition (CM). All participants were enrolled in a 6-month prospective interventional cohort, receiving Ready-To-Use Therapeutic Food, according to type of malnutrition...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634247/clinicians-perceptions-of-screening-for-food-insecurity-in-suburban-pediatric-practice
#7
Deepak Palakshappa, Aditi Vasan, Saba Khan, Leah Seifu, Chris Feudtner, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND: National organizations recommend pediatricians screen for food insecurity (FI). Although there has been growing research in urban practices, little research has addressed FI screening in suburban practices. We evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of screening in suburban practices. METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods study that implemented FI screening in 6 suburban pediatric primary care practices. We included all children presenting for either a 2-, 15-, or 36-month well-child visit (N = 5645)...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628586/building-a-pediatric-oral-health-training-curriculum-for-community-health-workers
#8
Molly Martin, William Frese, Christie Lumsden, Anna Sandoval
OBJECTIVES: Community health workers (CHWs) are a promising approach to oral health promotion in high-risk populations. This article describes the process of creating a pediatric oral health CHW training curriculum. DESIGN: Existing curricula were identified through outreach efforts to experts in the oral health and CHW fields, as well as PubMed and Google searches. After coding basic information, curricula were mapped to define oral health domains. Then group discussion was employed to determine final curriculum contents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624578/temporary-removal-accuracy-of-tests-for-antibodies-against-tissue-transglutaminase-in-diagnosis-of-celiac-disease-without-biopsy
#9
K J Werkstetter, I R Korponay-Szabó, A Popp, V Villanacci, M Salemme, G Heilig, S T Lillevang, M L Mearin, C Ribes-Koninckx, A Thomas, R Troncone, B Filipiak, M Mäki, J Gyimesi, M Najafi, J Dolinšek, S Dydensborg Sander, R Auricchio, A Papadopoulou, A Vécsei, P Szitanyi, E Donat, R Nenna, Ph Alliet, F Penagini, H Garnier-Lengliné, G Castillejo, K Kurppa, R Shamir, A C Hauer, F Smets, S Corujeira, M van Winckel, S Buderus, S Chong, S Husby, S Koletzko
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
June 15, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622779/-iron-in-nutrition
#10
P Tounian, J-P Chouraqui
Iron deficiency is the main nutritional disease worldwide. The multidisciplinary working group of the French Pediatric Society on iron assessed the following recommendations. Since iron is variably absorbed depending on foods, the group defined absorbed iron requirements instead of dietary iron requirements. Iron-rich foods should be introduced at 4-months of age in some breast-fed infants. Between 7 and 11 month-old, formula-fed infants should drink at least 700ml per day of follow-on formula and partially or totally breast-fed infants should receive oral iron supplementation...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619207/trends-in-dental-caries-in-children-and-adolescents-according-to-poverty-status-in-the-united-states-from-1999-through-2004-and-from-2011-through-2014
#11
Bruce A Dye, Gabriela Lopez Mitnik, Timothy J Iafolla, Clemencia M Vargas
BACKGROUND: Except for a small increase in caries prevalence in young children from 1999 through 2004, the prevalence of pediatric caries in the United States has remained consistent for the past 3 decades. METHODS: The authors used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (from 1999 through 2004 and from 2011 through 2014) to ascertain changes in caries prevalence in youth aged 2 to 19 years. The authors evaluated changes in the prevalence of caries experience, untreated caries, and severe caries (3 or more teeth with untreated caries) in the primary, mixed, and permanent dentition according to poverty status...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617769/trends-in-breastfeeding-among-infants-enrolled-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-new-york-2002-2015
#12
Furrina Lee, Lynn S Edmunds, Xiao Cong, Jackson P Sekhobo
Breastfeeding is widely accepted as the optimal method of infant feeding (1,2). New York Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) has prioritized the promotion of breastfeeding. To assess breastfeeding trends among New York WIC infants, indicators for measuring breastfeeding practices reported by the New York Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PedNSS) during 2002-2015 were examined. The prevalence of breastfeeding initiation increased from 62.0% (2002) to 83.4% (2015), exceeding the Healthy People 2020 (HP2020)* objective of 81...
June 16, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604513/severe-sarcopenia-and-increased-fat-stores-in-pediatric-patients-with-liver-kidney-or-intestine-failure
#13
Richard S Mangus, Weston J Bush, Chandrashekhar A Kubal, Christina Miller
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition and wasting predict clinical outcomes in children with severe chronic illness. Objectively calculated malnutrition in children with end-stage organ failure has not been well studied. This analysis compares children with kidney, liver or intestine failure to healthy controls to quantitate the disparity in muscle and fat stores. METHODS: Children younger than age 19 with end stage liver, kidney or intestine failure and with pre-transplant computed tomography (CT) imaging were selected from the transplant database...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604511/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-perianal-disease-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-patients-followed-in-cedata-gpge-registry
#14
Annecarin Brückner, Katharina J Werkstetter, Jan de Laffolie, Claudia Wendt, Christine Prell, Tanja Weidenhausen, Klaus P Zimmer, Sibylle Koletzko
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Perianal disease (PD) with fistula and/or abscess formation is a severe complication in Crohn's disease (CD). We examined prevalence, incidence and risk factors for PD development in a pediatric CD cohort. METHODS: CD patients from the prospective, multi-center registry for inflammatory bowel disease from Germany and Austria (CEDATA-GPGE) were included if diagnosed ≤18 years of age, registered within three months after diagnosis, and having at least two follow-up visits within the first year of registration...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604510/safety-and-efficacy-of-the-push-endoscopic-technique-in-the-management-of-esophageal-food-bolus-impactions-in-children
#15
Jamal Kriem, Riad Rahhal
OBJECTIVES: Adult-based guidelines support the use of the pull (extraction) endoscopic technique in managing esophageal food bolus impactions (FBIs) but allow the consideration of the push (advancement) technique with caution based on available published literature. The North American Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition guidelines mention the use of gentle endoscopic pushing for disimpaction but elaborate that this technique has not been studied in children...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602463/air-displacement-plethysmography-versus-bioelectrical-impedance-to-determine-body-composition-in-pediatric-hemodialysis-patients
#16
Molly Wong Vega, Poyyapakkam R Srivaths
OBJECTIVE: Protein energy wasting is difficult to assess in pediatric hemodialysis (HD) populations because of fluid shifts. Body composition (BC) analysis aids in monitoring nutrition therapy's effects on fat and lean mass. Air displacement plethysmography (ADP) is a "practical" gold standard for fat mass (FM) measurements. We aim to compare BC measures in a pediatric HD population via anthropometry, ADP, and bioelectrical impedance (BIA). DESIGN: The study was prospective cohort study and the setting was 1 pediatric HD unit in Houston, Texas...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600116/features-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-severely-obese-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-sleeve-gastrectomy
#17
Aayed Alqahtani, Mohamed Elahmedi, Khalid Alswat, Maha Arafah, Mosa Fagih, Jaehoon Lee
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an underrecognized co-morbidity of obesity. The characteristic features and severity of NAFLD in severe childhood obesity remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate features of NAFLD in obese children and identify predictors of significant disease. SETTING: Academic center with a standardized pathway for pediatric bariatric surgery and a dedicated multidisciplinary team. DESIGN: This is a baseline cross-sectional analysis for a data set obtained from a prospective clinical outcome study that included severely obese children (≤14 yr of age) and adolescents (14-21 yr of age) who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy between March 2008 and March 2015...
April 7, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598588/nutritional-outcomes-in-infants-with-food-allergy-after-cardiac-surgery
#18
Wen-Yi Luo, Zhuo-Ming Xu, Li Hong, Qian-Yue Wu, Yue-Yue Zhang
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is a rapidly growing public health concern because of its increasing prevalence, as well as life-threatening potential. There is limited knowledge on the nutritional status for the pediatric congenital heart disease (CHD) patients with food allergy. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated both clinical and nutritional outcomes according to the CHD infants with food allergy. METHODS: Forty CHD infants with food allergy and 39 controls were recruited in Shanghai, China...
June 9, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598548/eating-behavior-during-dexamethasone-treatment-in-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#19
Lidewij T Warris, Erica L T van den Akker, Marc B Bierings, Cor van den Bos, Femke K Aarsen, Michel C Zwaan, Wim J E Tissing, Margreet A Veening, Rob Pieters, Marry M van den Heuvel-Eibrink
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Large prospective studies on dexamethasone-induced changes in eating behavior, energy, and nutrient intake are lacking in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We prospectively studied eating behavior, energy, nutrient intake, and the effect on leptin and adiponectin levels during dexamethasone administration in children with ALL. PATIENTS: Parents of patients with ALL (3-16 years) completed a dietary diary for their child during 4 days of dexamethasone (6 mg/m(2) ) administration...
June 9, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597827/inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#20
Jan Däbritz, Patrick Gerner, Axel Enninger, Martin Claßen, Michael Radke
BACKGROUND: The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in childhood and adolescence is 5-11 cases per 100 000 persons per year, corresponding to a new diagnosis of IBD in 800-1470 patients in Germany each year. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed, including guidelines from Germany and abroad. RESULTS: Children and adolescents with IBD often have extensive involvement and an aggressive course of disease...
May 12, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
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