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Nutrition pediatric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155807/a-synbiotic-containing-amino-acid-based-formula-improves-gut-microbiota-in-non-ige-mediated-allergic-infants
#1
David C A Candy, Marleen T J Van Ampting, Manon M Oude Nijhuis, Harm Wopereis, Assad M Butt, Diego G Peroni, Yvan Vandenplas, Adam T Fox, Neil Shah, Christina E West, Johan Garssen, Lucien F Harthoorn, Jan Knol, Louise J Michaelis
BACKGROUND: Prebiotics and probiotics (synbiotics) can modify gut microbiota and have potential in allergy management when combined with amino acid-based formula (AAF) for infants with cow's milk allergy (CMA). METHODS: This multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of an AAF including synbiotic blend on percentages of bifidobacteria and Eubacterium rectale/Clostridium coccoides group (ER/CC) in feces from infants with suspected non-IgE-mediated CMA...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154670/-pediatric-home-parenteral-nutrition
#2
Gerardo Prieto Bozano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154669/-complications-of-pediatric-parenteral-nutrition
#3
José Manuel Moreno Villare, Iñaki Irastorza Terradillos, Gerardo Prieto Bozano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154668/-monitoring-pediatric-parenteral-nutrition
#4
José Manuel Moreno Villares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154667/-administration-of-pediatric-parenteral-nutrition
#5
Cleofé Pérez-Portabella Maristany, Susana E Redecillas Ferreiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154666/-preparation-of-pediatric-parenteral-nutrition-solutions
#6
Pilar Gomis Muñoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154665/-ordering-and-standardisation-of-pediatric-parenteral-nutrition
#7
M ª Teresa Pozas Del Río, Margarita Cuervas-Mons Vendrell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154664/-available-products-for-pediatric-parenteral-nutrition
#8
Pilar Gomis Muñoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154662/-requirements-for-pediatric-parenteral-nutrition
#9
Cecilia Martínez Costa, Consuelo Pedrón Giner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154661/-venous-access-for-pediatric-parenteral-nutrition
#10
Iñaki Irastorza Terradillos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151407/minerals-and-trace-elements-in-milk-milk-products-infant-formula-and-adult-pediatric-nutritional-formula-icp-ms-method-collaborative-study-aoac-final-action-2015-06-iso-dis-21424-idf-243
#11
Lawrence H Pacquette, Joseph J Thompson
AOAC Final Action Official Method(SM)2015.06 “Minerals and Trace Elements in Milk, Milk Products, Infant Formula and Adult/Pediatric Nutritional Formula, ICP-MS Method” was collaboratively studied. Note that “milk, milk products” has now been added to the title of the Final Action method because whole milk and several dairy ingredients were successfully incorporated into the collaborative study for the purpose of developing an International Organization for Standardization/International Dairy Federation standard (ISO/DIS 21424; in progress)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150712/unacylated-ghrelin-and-obestatin-promising-biomarkers-of-protein-energy-wasting-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Alice Monzani, Michela Perrone, Flavia Prodam, Stefania Moia, Giulia Genoni, Sara Testa, Fabio Paglialonga, Anna Rapa, Gianni Bona, Giovanni Montini, Alberto Edefonti
BACKGROUND: Impairment in orexigenic/anorexigenic hormone balance may be key in the pathogenesis of protein energy wasting in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Measurement of ghrelin and obestatin concentrations in children with CKD would help assess the potential contribution of these hormones to uremic protein energy wasting. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional case-control study. Acylated and unacylated ghrelin and obestatin were measured in 42 children on conservative treatment (CT), 20 children on hemodialysis, 48 pediatric renal transplant (RTx) recipients and 43 controls (CTR) (mean age 11...
November 18, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150368/the-utility-of-ercp-in-pediatric-pancreatic-trauma
#13
Eric H Rosenfeld, Adam M Vogel, Denise B Klinkner, Mauricio Escobar, Barbara Gaines, Robert Russell, Brendan Campbell, Hale Wills, Anthony Stallion, David Juang, Rajan K Thakkar, Jeffrey Upperman, Mubeen Jafri, Randall Burd, Bindi J Naik-Mathuria
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an adjunct for pediatric pancreatic injury management, but its use and utility in pediatric patients are unclear. We set out to evaluate the use of ERCP and its effects on outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed for children who had pancreatic injuries at 22 pediatric trauma centers between 2010 and 2015. ERCP details and outcomes were collected. Analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145841/rehabilitation-for-cancer-patients-at-black-lion-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Teshager Worku, Zuriash Mengistu, Agumasie Semahegn, Gezahegn Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, there were greater than 2000 adult and 200 pediatric cancer patients annually in 2010, but the estimated number of cancer patients were increasing. Oncologic rehabilitation treatment may result in improved physical and mental impairment. There is a paucity of information about rehabilitation service utilization among cancer patients in Ethiopia. Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess the rehabilitation service for cancer patient and associated factors at Black Lion hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 16, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136495/agreement-between-the-methods-subjective-global-nutritional-assessment-and-the-nutritional-assessment-of-the-world-health-organization
#15
Fabiana S Pimenta, Cássia M Oliveira, Wallisen T Hattori, Kely R Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: To assess the agreement between the results of the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment questionnaire, adapted for children and adolescents of the Brazilian population, and the nutritional status assessment method through growth curves and the classification of the World Health Organization in a pediatric hospital service. METHODS: This was an analytical, quantitative, cross-sectional study. During the data collection period, the nutritional status of all patients from 0 to 12 years of age, admitted to the pediatric unit of a university hospital, was concomitantly assessed according to the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment and World Health Organization curves...
November 11, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135641/the-pediatric-endurance-athlete
#16
Mary L Solomon, Susannah M Briskin, Nicole Sabatina, Jennifer E Steinhoff
Youth sports participation numbers continue to grow in the United States. A shift toward sport specialization has caused an increase in sport training frequency and intensity that places the growing athlete at risk for overtraining, nutritional deficits, and injuries. Individuals who participate in endurance sports are at especially high risk. Youth runners and swimmers are high-risk populations that require special attention to their training schedules, nutritional intake, and injuries. Appropriate scheduling of training, dedicating time to rest, and nutrition education can help prevent problems in the endurance athlete...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131919/breast-feeding-friendly-but-not-formula-averse
#17
Juanita Lewis
Breast-feeding is the optimal source of newborn nutrition in term infants and is associated with multiple short- and long-term health benefits. Establishment of breast-feeding may be difficult in a small subset of mothers, which can lead to adverse consequences in the newborn. Some of the consequences of suboptimal nutritional provision to the newborn, such as severe hyperbilirubinemia and breast-feeding-associated hypernatremic dehydration, can have devastating and long-lasting sequelae. Timely identification of mothers and newborns at risk for developing these complications is necessary to avoid significant morbidity and mortality...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130701/patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-pediatric-patients-with-recent-cancer-diagnosis
#18
Mayra Jezabel Vázquez de la Torre, Katja Stein, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay, Miguel Roberto Kumazawa Ichikawa, Rogelio Troyo Sanromán, Alicia Guadalupe Salcedo Flores, Fernando Antonio Sánchez Zubieta
BACKGROUND: The subjective global assessment (SGA) is a simple, sensitive tool used to identify nutritional risk. It is widely used in the adult population, but there is little evidence on its effectiveness in children with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study was undertaken to demonstrate significant correlation between a simplified version of the Patient-Generated SGA (PG-SGA) and anthropometric assessment to identify nutritional status in children recently diagnosed with cancer...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129242/intestinal-failure-as-a-significant-risk-factor-for-renal-impairment-in-children
#19
Elisa Ylinen, Laura Merras-Salmio, Riikka Gunnar, Timo Jahnukainen, Mikko P Pakarinen
OBJECTIVE: Although impaired renal function has been a frequent finding among adults with intestinal failure (IF), the data on children is scarce. The aim of this study was to assess renal function in pediatric-onset IF. METHODS: Medical records of 70 patients (38 boys) with pediatric-onset IF due to either short bowel syndrome (n = 59) or primary motility disorder (n = 11) and a history of parenteral nutrition (PN) dependency for ≥1 mo were evaluated. Renal function at the most recent follow-up was studied using plasma creatinine, cystatin C, and urea concentrations and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124070/exclusive-enteral-nutrition-induces-remission-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-via-modulation-of-the-gut-microbiota
#20
REVIEW
Dawei Gong, Xinjuan Yu, Lili Wang, Lingling Kong, Xiaojie Gong, Quanjiang Dong
Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) has been proven to be effective and safe in treating pediatric Crohn's disease (CD). EEN induces pediatric CD remission possibly through three pathways: (1) direct anti-inflammatory effects, (2) improved epithelial barrier function, and (3) modulation of the gut microbiota. Recent studies have demonstrated that modulation of the gut microbiota plays a major role in EEN-induced remission. Variations of microbial components, which directly influence the diversity and metabolic functions of the gut microbiota, are closely associated with the immunological conditions of the gut and the susceptibility to diseases...
2017: BioMed Research International
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