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Tracheostomy cardiac surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508288/repetitive-postoperative-extubation-failure-and-cardiac-arrest-due-to-laryngomalacia-after-general-anesthesia-in-an-elderly-patient-a-case-report
#1
Jun Takeshita, Kei Nishiyama, Masashi Fujii, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoru Beppu, Nozomu Sasahashi, Nobuaki Shime
The authors report a case involving an elderly patient who experienced repetitive perioperative cardiac arrest caused by laryngomalacia. The patient underwent surgery under general anesthesia; however, 2 h after initial extubation, he experienced cardiopulmonary arrest. Return of spontaneous circulation was achieved by immediate resuscitation. Four hours later, a second extubation was performed without any neurological complications. However, 2 h later, he experienced cardiopulmonary arrest again. Immediately after the third extubation, 12 h after the second cardiopulmonary arrest, fiberoptic laryngoscopy revealed laryngomalacia...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431419/creation-and-validation-of-an-automated-algorithm-to-determine-postoperative-ventilator-requirements-after-cardiac-surgery
#2
Eilon Gabel, Ira S Hofer, Nancy Satou, Tristan Grogan, Richard Shemin, Aman Mahajan, Maxime Cannesson
BACKGROUND: In medical practice today, clinical data registries have become a powerful tool for measuring and driving quality improvement, especially among multicenter projects. Registries face the known problem of trying to create dependable and clear metrics from electronic medical records data, which are typically scattered and often based on unreliable data sources. The Society for Thoracic Surgery (STS) is one such example, and it supports manually collected data by trained clinical staff in an effort to obtain the highest-fidelity data possible...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419746/factors-for-postoperative-complications-following-pressure-ulcer-operation-stepwise-multiple-logistic-regression-analysis
#3
Hyun Ho Han, Jun Gul Ko, Jong Won Rhie
Patients with pressure ulcers are generally older, have a long hospital stay and often have a variety of comorbidities. The decision to perform surgery for pressure ulcer management can be difficult because of concerns about the risk of postoperative complications. The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between comorbid conditions and surgical outcomes in order to guide patient selection for pressure ulcer surgery. In 57 patients, data on age, defect size, operating time, hospital stay, body mass index, surgical site, mobility state, cardiac ischaemic history, diabetes, renal failure, ventilator dependency, tracheostomy state, use of haemodilution therapy and cancer were evaluated using stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis to determine the relationships between variables...
April 17, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366715/twenty-years-of-anesthetic-and-perioperative-management-of-patients-with-tetralogy-of-fallot-with-absent-pulmonary-valve
#4
John D Jochman, Douglas B Atkinson, Luis G Quinonez, Morgan L Brown
OBJECTIVE: Review the authors' institutional experience of the induction and perioperative airway management of children with tetralogy of Fallot with an absent pulmonary valve. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Large academic children's hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with the diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve undergoing primary cardiac repair over a 20-year period. INTERVENTIONS: None...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237062/tracheostomy-after-cardiac-surgery-what-have-we-learned
#5
EDITORIAL
Steven Milman, Thomas Ng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066609/association-between-post-sternotomy-tracheostomy-and-deep-sternal-wound-infection-a-retrospective-analysis
#6
Yi-Chin Tsai, Kevin Phan, Andrie Stroebel, Livia Williams, Lisa Nicotra, Lesley Drake, Elizabeth Ryan, James McGree, Peter Tesar, Kiran Shekar
BACKGROUND: Tracheostomy has traditionally been used as a means of facilitated mechanical ventilation in patients requiring respiratory management following cardiac surgery. However in the clinical setting, the advantages of tracheostomy has been questioned by concerns surrounding evidence of its association with increased risk of deep sternal wound infections (DSWI). The present study sought to evaluate retrospectively our experience with post-sternotomy tracheostomy among cardiac surgery patients and association with DSWI...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027819/mortality-and-readmission-of-outcomes-after-discharge-from-the-surgical-intensive-care-unit-to-long-term-acute-care-hospitals
#7
Michelle C Nguyen, David S Strosberg, Teresa S Jones, Ankur Bhakta, Edward L Jones, Michael R Lyaker, Cindy A Byrd, Carly Sobol, Daniel S Eiferman
BACKGROUND: Patients with prolonged hospitalizations in the surgical intensive care unit often have ongoing medical needs that require further care at long-term, acute-care hospitals upon discharge. Setting expectations for patients and families after protracted operative intensive care unit hospitalization is challenging, and there are limited data to guide these conversations. The purpose of this study was to determine patient survival and readmission rates after discharge from the surgical intensive care unit directly to a long-term, acute-care hospital...
May 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964980/incidence-of-sternal-wound-infection-after-tracheostomy-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Hadi Toeg, Daniel French, Sebastien Gilbert, Fraser Rubens
PURPOSE: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine whether timing or type of tracheostomy was associated with superficial or deep sternal wound infections after cardiac surgery. METHODS: All studies reporting the incidence of sternal wound infection after tracheostomy in patients undergoing cardiac surgery were collected and analyzed. Subgroup analyses determined a priori included timing of tracheostomy and type of procedure (open vs percutaneous)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939498/elective-primary-aortic-root-replacement-with-and-without-hemiarch-repair-in-patients-with-no-previous-cardiac-surgery
#9
Ourania Preventza, Joseph S Coselli, Matt D Price, Katherine H Simpson, Ouyang Yafei, Kim de la Cruz, Qianzi Zhang, Susan Green
OBJECTIVE: Excellent outcomes have been established for elective aortic root replacement (ARR). It is less clear whether extending the repair into the proximal aortic arch with hypothermic circulatory arrest increases risk. We examined the early outcomes of elective, primary ARR, with and without hemiarch replacement, in patients without previous cardiac surgery. METHODS: Over a 4-year period, 140 non-redo patients (median age, 54 years) underwent elective, primary ARR for root aneurysms; 119 patients (85%) had hemiarch replacement, and 21 (15%) had only ascending aortic replacement...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920974/a-case-report-of-malignant-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-a-weighty-problem-in-our-icus
#10
Michael Tatusov, Joshua J Joseph, Brian M Cuneo
INTRODUCTION: The obesity epidemic is reflected by increasing numbers of morbidly obese patients being admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). These are complicated patients whose care involves many diagnostic and treatment challenges. We are presenting a fatal case of super obesity, hypoventilation, and multi-organ failure known as malignant obesity hypoventilation syndrome (MOHS). CASE PRESENTATION: 35 year old African American gentleman with a body mass index (BMI) of 115 kg/m(2) presented to the hospital with respiratory distress...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872994/outcomes-of-tracheostomy-in-children-requiring-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#11
Laura A Ortmann, Winston M Manimtim, Charisse I Lachica
Outcomes after discharge in children requiring tracheostomy after cardiac surgery have not been fully described. A retrospective, single-center study was performed on all children <18 years of age requiring both tracheostomy and surgery for congenital heart disease from January 2002 to May 2015. Forty-six tracheostomies were placed after surgery and four before. Single-ventricle anatomy was present in 12 (33%) patients. Incidence of tracheostomy after heart surgery increased from 0.8% the first half of the study period to 2% the second half...
February 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720369/extubation-failure-in-neonates-after-cardiac%C3%A2-surgery-prevalence-etiology-and%C3%A2-risk-factors
#12
Shinya Miura, Nao Hamamoto, Masaki Osaki, Satoshi Nakano, Chisato Miyakoshi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence, etiology, and risk factors of extubation failure (EF) in post-cardiac surgery neonates. METHODS: Neonates (30 days old or younger) who underwent cardiac surgery and were admitted to the cardiac intensive care unit between September 2010 and February 2016 were included. The prevalence and etiology of EF, defined as reintubation within 48 hours, were reviewed. Demographic, operative, and perioperative data were retrospectively collected...
October 6, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619328/left-main-coronary-artery-atresia-in-an-infant-with-inclusion-cell-disease
#13
Rachel L Bounds, Joseph Kuebler, Jill M Cholette, George M Alfieris, Sitaram M Emani, Carol A Wittlieb-Weber
A 2-month-old male with dysmorphic facies, neonatal thrombocytopenia, left congenital cataract, and long bone abnormalities became hypotensive with ST depression on induction of anesthesia for congenital cataract repair. Echocardiogram demonstrated decreased left ventricular function (ejection fraction 46%), mild mitral valve regurgitation (MR), and regional wall motion abnormalities. The left coronary artery could not be visualized. Subsequent cardiac catheterization confirmed atresia of the left main coronary artery...
September 12, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556147/percutaneous-dilatation-tracheostomy-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-device-and-established-phenprocoumon-therapy
#14
Andreas Schaefer, Yvonne Schneeberger, Daniel Reichart, Alexander M Bernhardt, Mathias Kubik, Markus J Barten, Florian M Wagner, Stefan Kluge, Hermann Reichenspurner, Sebastian A Philipp
Over the last decade the number of heart transplantations declined and the number of implanted left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) markedly increased. Accordingly, common intensive care interventions rise and present their own challenges, especially due to the necessary anticoagulation regimen. One of these procedures is percutaneous dilatation tracheostomy (PDT). We herein report our experience with 34 patients with LVAD and established phrenprocoumon therapy (INR 2.1 ± 0.9, PTT 68.9 ± 19.0 sec...
August 22, 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555204/cuffed-endotracheal-tubes-in-neonates-and-infants-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-are-not-associated-with-airway-complications
#15
Jennifer C DeMichele, Nikhil Vajaria, Hongyue Wang, Dawn M Sweeney, Karen S Powers, Jill M Cholette
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of postoperative airway complications in infants <5kg in weight undergoing cardiac surgery intubated with Microcuff (Kimberley-Clark, Roswell, GA) endotracheal tubes (ETTs). DESIGN: Retrospective review of infants weighing <5.0 kg with congenital heart disease (CHD) presenting for cardiac surgery. SETTING: Single-center, tertiary pediatric cardiac critical care unit at a university hospital...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553594/a-unique-surgical-technique-for-tracheostomy-in-heterotopic-ossification-a-case-report
#16
REVIEW
Esther Cheng, Eric Thorpe
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for tracheostomy in heterotopic ossification that has not yet been described in the literature. METHODS: We report a case of difficult tracheostomy while using conventional techniques in a 68-year-old patient who underwent mitral valve replacement requiring warfarin therapy three months prior. Imaging revealed heterotopic ossification overlying the trachea. A literature review was performed to identify similar cases or techniques...
November 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372236/cervical-repair-of-congenital-tracheoesophageal-fistula-complications-lurking
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andrea Conforti, Chiara Iacusso, Laura Valfrè, Marilena Trozzi, Sergio Bottero, Pietro Bagolan
AIM: Esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) consist of a spectrum of rare congenital abnormalities. Although EA surgical treatment is well established, the outcome of EA with proximal fistula (type B and D EA) or isolated H-type fistula (type E EA) is poorly explored. These forms of EA shared a common surgical step: the need of a cervical approach to close the fistula. Therefore, the aim of present study is to evaluate postoperative outcomes of patients treated for Gross type B-D and E EA, on regards of their cervical surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299857/excessive-intravenous-fluid-therapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery
#18
Eeva Haapio, Ilpo Kinnunen, Juhani K E Airaksinen, Heikki Irjala, Tuomas Kiviniemi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective study was to present our assessment of modifiable perioperative factors for major cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). METHODS: This study included an unselected cohort of patients with head and neck cancer (n = 456) treated in Turku University Hospital between 1999 and 2008. RESULTS: Perioperative and postoperative univariate predictors of MACCE at 30-day follow-up were: total amount of fluids (during 24 hours) over 4000 mL, any red blood cell (RBC) infusion, treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU), tracheostomy, and microvascular reconstruction surgery...
January 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083243/tracheostomy-after-operations-for-congenital-heart-disease-an-analysis-of-the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-congenital-heart-surgery-database
#19
Christopher W Mastropietro, Brian D Benneyworth, Mark Turrentine, Amelia S Wallace, Christoph P Hornik, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Marshall L Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Information concerning tracheostomy after operations for congenital heart disease has come primarily from single-center reports. We aimed to describe the epidemiology and outcomes associated with postoperative tracheostomy in a multi-institutional registry. METHODS: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Database (2000 to 2014) was queried for all index operations with the adverse event "postoperative tracheostomy" or "respiratory failure, requiring tracheostomy...
June 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981261/surgery-of-the-airway-historic-notes
#20
REVIEW
Joel D Cooper
Prior to the 20(th) century, the need for surgical procedures on the airway was infrequent and consisted mainly of tracheostomy to relieve airway obstruction or repair of tracheal injuries such as lacerations. Even the ability of tracheal suture lines to heal primarily was viewed with concern due to the rigidity of the tracheal wall, its precarious blood supply and uncertainty as to whether the cartilage components could heal without complications. In the 20(th) century the evolution of tracheal procedures on major airways evolved to meet the challenges provided by the expanding fields of thoracic surgery and advent of mechanical respiratory support with its associated complications...
March 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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