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Abc Transporter

Cuiling Wu, Dan Liu, Xinghao Yang, Ribang Wu, Jiang Zhang, Jiafeng Huang, Hailun He
Pseudoalteromonas sp. CSN423, a marine strain, can express a major protease designated as E423 and it was secreted into the supernatant. To improve the protease E423 yield, Pseudoalteromonas sp. CSN423 was subjected to mutagenesis using UV irradiation. Mutant strain with 5.1-fold higher protease yield was isolated and named as Pseudoalteromonas sp. CSN423-M. Three protease bands were detected by zymography with casein as substrate, and results of mass spectrometry (MS) showed that two lower molecular weight protein bands were the same protease but with different mature forms...
October 17, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Eva-Maria Niehaus, Lena Studt, Katharina W von Bargen, Wiebke Kummer, Hans-Ulrich Humpf, Gunter Reuter, Bettina Tudzynski
In this study, we compared the secondary metabolite profile of Fusarium fujikuroi and the histone deacetylase mutant ΔHDA1. We identified a novel peak in ΔHDA1, which was identified as beauvericin (BEA). Going in line with a 1000-fold increased BEA production, the respective non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-encoding gene (BEA1), as well as two adjacent genes (BEA2-BEA3), were significantly up-regulated in ΔHDA1 compared to the wild type. A special role was revealed for the ABC transporter Bea3: deletion of the encoding gene resulted in significant up-regulation of BEA1 and BEA2 and drastically elevated product yields...
October 17, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
Xiaojuan Huang, Jung-Ho Shin, Azul Pinochet-Barros, Tina T Su, John D Helmann
The Bacillus subtilis MntR metalloregulatory protein senses manganese, an essential element required for central metabolism, oxidative stress resistance and replication. An mntR null mutant is highly sensitive to Mn(II) intoxication, which is attributed in part to the constitutive expression of two importers: the proton-dependent NRAMP family transporter MntH and the ABC transporter MntABCD. Here, we show that an mntR null mutant is still sensitive to Mn(II) intoxication even if both of the import systems are absent...
October 17, 2016: Molecular Microbiology
Sabina Górska, Ewa Dylus, Angelika Rudawska, Ewa Brzozowska, Dagmar Srutkova, Martin Schwarzer, Agnieszka Razim, Hana Kozakova, Andrzej Gamian
The Bifidobacteria show great diversity in the cell surface architecture which may influence the physicochemical properties of the bacterial cell and strain specific properties. The immunomodulatory role of bifidobacteria has been extensively studied, however studies on the immunoreactivity of their protein molecules are very limited. Here, we compared six different methods of protein isolation and purification and we report identification of immunogenic and immunoreactive protein of two human Bifidobacterium longum ssp...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Marion A David, Stéphane Orlowski, Roger K Prichard, Shaima Hashem, François André, Anne Lespine
Macrocyclic lactones (ML) are important anthelmintics used in animals and humans against parasite nematodes, but their therapeutic success is compromised by the spread of ML resistance. Some ABC transporters, such as p-glycoproteins (Pgps), are selected and overexpressed in ML-resistant nematodes, supporting a role for some drug efflux proteins in ML resistance. However, the role of such proteins in ML transport remains to be clarified at the molecular level. Recently, Caenorhabditis elegans Pgp-1 (Cel-Pgp-1) has been crystallized, and its drug-modulated ATPase function characterized in vitro revealed Cel-Pgp-1 as a multidrug transporter...
September 15, 2016: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
Atefeh Abdollahi Gohar, Hamid Badali, Tahereh Shokohi, Mojtaba Nabili, Nasrin Amirrajab, Maryam Moazeni
Clinical management of fungal diseases is compromised by the emergence of antifungal drug resistance in fungi, which leads to elimination of available drug classes as treatment options. An understanding of antifungal resistance at molecular level is, therefore, essential for the development of strategies to combat the resistance. This study presents the assessment of molecular mechanisms associated with fluconazole resistance in clinical Candida glabrata isolates originated from Iran. Taking seven distinct fluconazole-resistant C...
October 15, 2016: Mycopathologia
Jenni Firrman, LinShu Liu, Liqing Zhang, Gustavo Arango Argoty, Minqian Wang, Peggy Tomasula, Masuko Kobori, Sherri Pontious, Weidong Xiao
Quercetin is one of the most abundant polyphenols found in fruits and vegetables. The ability of the gut microbiota to metabolize quercetin has been previously documented; however, the effect that quercetin may have on commensal gut microbes remains unclear. In the present study, the effects of quercetin on the commensal gut microbes Ruminococcus gauvreauii, Bifidobacterium catenulatum and Enterococcus caccae were determined through evaluation of growth patterns and cell morphology, and analysis of genetic expression profiles between quercetin treated and non-treated groups using Single Molecule RNA sequencing via Helicos technology...
October 11, 2016: Anaerobe
Laura László, Balázs Sarkadi, Tamás Hegedűs
ABCG2/BCRP is a membrane protein, involved in xenobiotic and endobiotic transport in key pharmacological barriers and drug metabolizing organs, in the protection of stem cells, and in multidrug resistance of cancer. Pharmacogenetic studies implicated the role of ABCG2 in response to widely used medicines and anticancer agents, as well as in gout. Its Q141K variant exhibits decreased functional expression thus increased drug accumulation and decreased urate secretion. Still, there has been no reliable molecular model available for this protein, as the published structures of other ABC transporters could not be properly fitted to the ABCG2 topology and experimental data...
2016: PloS One
Luis E Bruno-Blanch, Luis Enrique
Despite the introduction of more than 15 third generation antiepileptic drugs to the market from 1990 to the moment, about one third of the epileptic patients still suffer from refractory of intractable epilepsy. Several hypotheses seek to explain the failure of drug treatments to control epilepsy symptoms in such patients. The most studied one proposes that drug resistance might be related with regional overactivity of efflux transporters from the ATP-Binding Cassette (ABC) superfamily at the blood-brain barrier and/or the epileptic foci in the brain...
October 13, 2016: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Stefanie Kraege, Sebastian C Köhler, Michael Wiese
Chalcones are easily synthesized natural precursors of secondary plant metabolites, and their derivatives show various biological activities including inhibition of ABC transporters. Especially, their role as inhibitors of ABCG2, the most recently discovered ABC transporter involved in multidrug resistance, inspired the synthesis of new structurally diverse derivatives. Therefore, we combined the typical chalcone moiety with several acid chlorides by using an amide linker at position 2', 3', or 4' on ring A of the chalcone...
October 13, 2016: ChemMedChem
Justine Sucher, Rainer Boni, Ping Yang, Peter Rogowsky, Heike Büchner, Christine Kastner, Jochen Kumlehn, Simon G Krattinger, Beat Keller
Maize (corn) is one of the most widely grown cereal crops globally. Fungal diseases of maize cause significant economic damage by reducing maize yields and by increasing input costs for disease management. The most sustainable control of maize diseases is through the release and planting of maize cultivars with durable disease resistance. The wheat gene Lr34 provides durable and partial field resistance against multiple fungal diseases of wheat, including three wheat rust pathogens and wheat powdery mildew...
October 13, 2016: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Adélaïde Lerebours, Van Vinh To, Jean-Paul Bourdineaud
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins are efflux transporters and some of them are involved in xenobiotic detoxification. The involvement of four zebrafish ABC transporters in cadmium, zinc and mercury detoxification was characterized in a metal hypersensitive mutant of Escherichia coli. The E. coli tolC mutant expressing ABCB3 or ABCB7 transporters exhibited higher survival ratios and lower metal accumulation under a metal exposure condition than the controls. For instance, in the presence of 8 and 10 μM of HgCl2 , the survival ratios of bacteria expressing ABCB3 were four and six-times higher than the control whereas the mercury concentrations were 2...
December 2016: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
Xin Meng, Jack Clews, Vasileios Kargas, Xiaomeng Wang, Robert C Ford
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is responsible for the disease cystic fibrosis (CF). It is a membrane protein belonging to the ABC transporter family functioning as a chloride/anion channel in epithelial cells around the body. There are over 1500 mutations that have been characterised as CF-causing; the most common of these, accounting for ~70 % of CF cases, is the deletion of a phenylalanine at position 508. This leads to instability of the nascent protein and the modified structure is recognised and then degraded by the ER quality control mechanism...
October 12, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Xianchao Pan, Qiaoxia Zhang, Sujun Qu, Shuheng Huang, Huicong Wang, Hu Mei
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) exporters mediate vital transport of a variety of molecules across the lipid bilayer in all organisms. To explore the allosteric effect of ATP binding at the asymmetric ATPase sites, molecular dynamics simulations were performed on the nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs) of a heterodimeric exporter TM287/288 in 4 different ATP-bound states. The results showed that ATP bound at the degenerate site can maintain a semi-open conformation of NBD1-NBD2, which may be defective in ATP hydrolysis...
October 12, 2016: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
Thomas Marcellino, Vasundara Srinivasan
ABC exporters are highly dynamic membrane proteins that span a huge spectrum of different conformations. A detail integrated approach of cellular, biochemical and biophysical characterization of these 'open', 'closed' and other intermediate states is central to understanding their function. Almost 40 years after the discovery of the first ABC transporter, thanks to the enormous development in methodologies, a picture is slowly emerging to visualize how these fascinating molecules transport their substrates...
October 11, 2016: Biological Chemistry
Weipeng Zhang, Xiaowei Zheng, Ti Meng, Haisheng You, Yalin Dong, Jianfeng Xing, Chen Siying
Patient SE translation (SET) is a carcinogen in facilitating cellular growth and proliferation, and promoting tumorigenesis and metastasis. The present study was to investigate the resistance mechanisms associated with SET in paclitaxel-induced human breast cancer cells. The different expressions of SET, ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and PI3K/Akt pathway between paclitaxel sensitive MCF-7/S and paclitaxel resistant MCF-7/PTX cells were identified using Western blotting. We adopted plasmid transfection to upregulate SET in MCF-7/S cells and a novel SET antagonist COG112 to decrease SET in MCF-7/PTX cells...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Drug Targeting
Isabelle Callebaut, Brice Hoffmann, Pierre Lehn, Jean-Paul Mornon
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein is a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily that functions as an ATP-gated channel. Considerable progress has been made over the last years in the understanding of the molecular basis of the CFTR functions, as well as dysfunctions causing the common genetic disease cystic fibrosis (CF). This review provides a global overview of the theoretical studies that have been performed so far, especially molecular modelling and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations...
October 7, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Xiaochen Yang, Sheila I Jensen, Tune Wulff, Scott J Harrison, Katherine S Long
Small proteins of 50 amino acids or less have been understudied due to difficulties that impede their annotation and detection. In order to obtain information on small open reading frames (sORFs) in Pseudomonas putida, bioinformatic and proteomic approaches were used to identify putative sORFs in the well-characterized strain KT2440. A plasmid-based system was established for sORF validation, enabling expression of C-terminal sequential peptide affinity tagged variants and their detection via protein immunoblotting...
September 22, 2016: Environmental Microbiology Reports
Wei-Lin Hsu, Tadaomi Furuta, Minoru Sakurai
The translocation of substrates across the cell membrane by ABC transporters depends on the energy provided by ATP hydrolysis within the nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs). However, the detailed mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we focused on maltose transporter NBDs (MalK2) and performed a QM/MM well-tempered metadynamics simulation to address this issue. We explored the free energy profile along an assigned collective variable. As a result, it was determined that the activation free energy is approximately 10...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Minoru Kobayashi, Ryo Funayama, Shinobu Ohnuma, Michiaki Unno, Keiko Nakayama
We determined the gene expression profiles for 48 ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters in matched colon cancer and normal colon tissues in order to provide insight into the mechanisms underlying expression of transporters related to colon carcinogenesis. The expression of ABCB1, ABCC1, ABCC2, ABCC3, and ABCG2 was altered in association with colon carcinogenesis. Among these transporters, the expression of ABCC3 was repressed by Wnt signaling pathway in colon cancer cell lines. Knockdown of the pathway components transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) or β-catenin thus increased ABCC3 expression, whereas activation of Wnt signaling with inhibitors of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) reduced it...
October 6, 2016: Cancer Science
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