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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910997/service-user-satisfaction-with-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-psychosis-associations-with-therapy-outcomes-and-perceptions-of-the-therapist
#1
Caroline Lawlor, Bina Sharma, Mizanur Khondoker, Emmanuelle Peters, Elizabeth Kuipers, Louise Johns
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated service user satisfaction with cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp). This study explored its associations with clinical presentation and outcomes, retrospective expectations of progress, perceptions of the therapist, and demographic variables. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty-five service users completed self-report questionnaires pre- and post-CBTp in relation to the constructs of interest. Regression analyses explored associations with (1) overall satisfaction with therapy and (2) perceived progress, skills, and knowledge gained...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898276/behind-the-mask-a-psychodynamic-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-individuals-diagnosed-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#2
Beth McEvoy, John O'Connor, Odhran McCarthy
The diagnostic category of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one that is widely drawn upon in mental health settings; SAD is primarily characterized by a marked fear of social performance situations and possible scrutiny by other people (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994, 2013). The current study aims to explore the experiences of people diagnosed with SAD. Psychoanalytically informed research interviews, drawing on psychoanalytic ideas around the parameters of engagement and levels of engagement and analysis, were carried out with 4 male and 2 female participants with diagnoses of SAD...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889029/patient-perspective-and-personal-journey-of-treating-a-rare-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Michele Longabaugh
I was diagnosed with rare anal cancer. As overwhelming as the diagnosis was, it was complicated by limited treatment infrastructure and clinical research, side-effect management, and lack of awareness and support organizations. Anal cancer encompasses so much more than receiving prescribed treatment and focusing on recovery. It requires patients to become experts on their disease, its treatment, and side effects. Even more challenging is finding support and advocacy. My experience has been difficult, complex, and arduous...
January 2017: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887811/using-the-borg-cr10-physical-exertion-scale-to-measure-patient-perceived-vocal-effort-pre-and-post-treatment
#4
Eva van Leer, Miriam van Mersbergen
OBJECTIVES: Reduction of vocal effort is a therapeutic goal in resonant voice therapy and in the treatment of a variety of voice disorders. The Borg CR10 is a perceived effort scale that is widely accepted across a wide variety of disciplines. The purpose of the present study was to examine (1) the utility of an anchored, adapted Borg CR10 in observing treatment-related vocal effort reduction and (2) the convergent validity of the Borg CR10 in its relation to Voice Handicap Index (VHI) item 14...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876742/-on-the-problem-of-voice-rehabilitation-in-the-case-of-unilateral-vocal-fold-paresis
#5
V V Shilenkova
BACKGROUND: Unilateral vocal fold paresis (UVFP) significantly deteriorates the patient's quality of life. The leading role in the rehabilitation of the patients presenting with UVFP belongs to stimulation therapy which consists in the activation of muscle re-innervation of the larynx and the compensatory mechanisms allowing to achieve the most complete closure of the vocal folds during phonation. AIM: The objective of the present study was the optimization of the conservative treatment of patients with UVFP...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876300/functional-voice-disorders-the-importance-of-the-psychologist-in-clinical-voice-assessment
#6
Mafalda Andrea, Óscar Dias, Mário Andrea, Maria Luísa Figueira
OBJECTIVES: The etiopathogenesis of functional voice disorders (FVDs) is multifactorial. The purpose of this study was to analyze the severity of depression and anxiety, and the incidence of affective and anxiety disorders, in patients who presented different types of FVDs and were followed at the University Clinic of Otolaryngology. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: After ENT observation, 83 women were classified into three groups: psychogenic voice disorder (PVD = 39), primary muscle tension voice disorder (MTVD1 = 16), and secondary muscle tension voice disorder (MTVD2 = 28)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872259/hallucinations-a-systematic-review-of-points-of-similarity-and-difference-across-diagnostic-classes
#7
Flavie Waters, Charles Fernyhough
Hallucinations constitute one of the 5 symptom domains of psychotic disorders in DSM-5, suggesting diagnostic significance for that group of disorders. Although specific featural properties of hallucinations (negative voices, talking in the third person, and location in external space) are no longer highlighted in DSM, there is likely a residual assumption that hallucinations in schizophrenia can be identified based on these candidate features. We investigated whether certain featural properties of hallucinations are specifically indicative of schizophrenia by conducting a systematic review of studies showing direct comparisons of the featural and clinical characteristics of (auditory and visual) hallucinations among 2 or more population groups (one of which included schizophrenia)...
November 21, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867171/optimal-imaging-parameters-and-the-advantage-of-renal-artery-image-using-time-spatial-labeling-inversion-pulse-at-3-tesla-magnetic-resonance-imaging-comparison-of-image-quality-for-1-5-tesla-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#8
Keita Fukushima, Isao Miyazaki, Kuninori Kobayashi, Makio Ooto
With the recent spread of three tesla (3 T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), time-spatial labeling inversion pulse (Time-SLIP) technique at high magnetic field can be used. The purpose of this study was to determine appropriate renal artery imaging parameters and to compare with the 1.5 T MRI image quality of a renal artery using the Time-SLIP technique. The imaging sequence was 3D true steady-state free precession (True SSFP), and using respiratory gated by the voice instructions of breath interval 2, 4, 6 seconds...
2016: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866082/auditory-verbal-hallucinations-and-continuum-models-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-healthy-voice-hearer-literature
#9
REVIEW
David Baumeister, Ottilie Sedgwick, Oliver Howes, Emmanuelle Peters
Recent decades have seen a surge of research interest in the phenomenon of healthy individuals who experience auditory verbal hallucinations, yet do not exhibit distress or need for care. The aims of the present systematic review are to provide a comprehensive overview of this research and examine how healthy voice-hearers may best be conceptualised in relation to the diagnostic versus 'quasi-' and 'fully-dimensional' continuum models of psychosis. A systematic literature search was conducted, resulting in a total of 398 article titles and abstracts that were scrutinised for appropriateness to the present objective...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863807/head-to-head-comparison-of-certolizumab-pegol-versus-adalimumab-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-2-year-efficacy-and-safety-results-from-the-randomised-exxelerate-study
#10
Josef S Smolen, Gerd-Rüdiger Burmester, Bernard Combe, Jeffrey R Curtis, Stephen Hall, Boulos Haraoui, Ronald van Vollenhoven, Christopher Cioffi, Cécile Ecoffet, Leon Gervitz, Lucian Ionescu, Luke Peterson, Roy Fleischmann
BACKGROUND: To date, head-to-head trials comparing the efficacy and safety of biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs within the same class, including TNF inhibitors, in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis despite methotrexate therapy are lacking. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of two different TNF inhibitors and to assess the efficacy and safety of switching to the other TNF inhibitor without a washout period after insufficient primary response to the first TNF inhibitor at week 12...
November 11, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863745/a-systematic-review-of-voice-therapy-what-effectiveness-really-implies
#11
REVIEW
Maude Desjardins, Lucinda Halstead, Melissa Cooke, Heather Shaw Bonilha
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral voice therapy guided by a speech-language pathologist is recommended as the main treatment approach for many kinds of voice disorders. Encouraging evidence regard of good outcomes from voice therapy has been found in two previous reviews on broad patient populations. However, no definitive conclusion on the effectiveness of direct voice therapy can be drawn from these reviews due to limitations of the included studies. AIMS: To review recent literature on voice therapy; to provide clinicians with a list of evidence-based voice therapy techniques; to incorporate the therapy components in a physiologically based model; to assess the limitations and progress achieved in the recent research on voice therapy...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860101/on-a-learning-curve-for-shared-decision-making-interviews-with-clinicians-using-the-knee-osteoarthritis-option-grid
#12
Glyn Elwyn, Julie Rasmussen, Katharine Kinsey, Jill Firth, Katy Marrin, Adrian Edwards, Fiona Wood
RATIONAL: Tools used in clinical encounters to illustrate to patients the risks and benefits of treatment options have been shown to increase shared decision making. However, we do not have good information about how these tools are viewed by clinicians and how clinicians think patients would react to their use. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine clinicians' views about the possible and actual use of tools designed to support patients and clinicians to collaborate and deliberate about treatment options, namely, Option Grid decision aids...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858268/misreporting-of-product-adherence-in-the-mtn-003-voice-trial-for-hiv-prevention-in-africa-participants-explanations-for-dishonesty
#13
Elizabeth T Montgomery, B Mensch, P Musara, M Hartmann, K Woeber, J Etima, A van der Straten
Consistent over-reporting of product use limits researchers' ability to accurately measure adherence and estimate product efficacy in HIV prevention trials. While lying is a universal characteristic of the human condition, growing evidence of a stark discrepancy between self-reported product use and biologic or pharmacokinetic evidence demands examination of the reasons research participants frequently misrepresent product use in order to mitigate this challenge in future research. This study (VOICE-D) was an ancillary post-trial study of the vaginal and oral interventions to control the epidemic (VOICE) phase IIb trial (MTN 003)...
November 17, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856480/dysarthria-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-protocol-for-a-binational-cross-sectional-case-controlled-study-in-french-and-european-portuguese-fralusopark
#14
Serge Pinto, Rita Cardoso, Jasmin Sadat, Isabel Guimarães, Céline Mercier, Helena Santos, Cyril Atkinson-Clement, Joana Carvalho, Pauline Welby, Pedro Oliveira, Mariapaola D'Imperio, Sónia Frota, Alban Letanneux, Marina Vigario, Marisa Cruz, Isabel Pavão Martins, François Viallet, Joaquim J Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) have to deal with several aspects of voice and speech decline and thus alteration of communication ability during the course of the disease. Among these communication impairments, 3 major challenges include: (1) dysarthria, consisting of orofacial motor dysfunction and dysprosody, which is linked to the neurodegenerative processes; (2) effects of the pharmacological treatment, which vary according to the disease stage; and (3) particular speech modifications that may be language-specific, that is, dependent on the language spoken by the patients...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853508/better-outcomes-through-learning-data-engagement-and-research-bolder-a-system-for-improving-evidence-and-clinical-practice-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
(no author information available yet)
Despite the many thousands of research studies published every year, evidence for making clinical decisions is often lacking. The main problem is that the evidence available is generated in conditions very different from those that prevail in routine clinical practice and with patients who are different. This is particularly a problem for low and middle income countries as most evidence is generated in high income countries. A group of clinicians, researchers, and policy makers met at Bellagio in Italy to consider how more relevant evidence might be generated...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843279/unusual-presentation-of-ulcerative-postauricular-swelling-as-sebaceous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Prem Chand, Ashok Kumar, Paramjit Singh, Lakshay Singla
Sebaceous glands have high concentration over head and neck region. Despite high concentration, sebaceous cell adenoma and carcinomas are infrequent. Sebaceous cell carcinoma is an uncommon, cutaneous aggressive tumor arising from the sebaceous glands and seen almost exclusively on the eyelids (75%). It accounts for just 0.2-0.7% of all eyelid tumors in the USA and very few cases that have originated in areas other than the eyelids have been reported. A 67-year-old male presented with swelling (3 cm × 4 cm), on the right postauricular region, since about 1-month...
July 2016: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837160/patient-health-goals-elicited-during-home-care-admission-a-categorization
#17
Paulina Sockolow, Kavita Radhakrishnan, Edgar Y Chou, Christine Wojciechowicz
Home care agencies are initiating "patient health goal elicitation" activities as part of home care admission planning. We categorized elicited goals and identified "clinically informative" goals at a home care agency. We examined patient goals that admitting clinicians documented in the point-of-care electronic health record; conducted content analysis on patient goal data to develop a coding scheme; grouped goal themes into codes; assigned codes to each goal; and identified goals that were in the patient voice...
November 10, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831518/multivariate-analysis-of-risk-factors-in-the-development-of-a-lower-pitched-voice-after-thyroidectomy
#18
Jun-Ook Park, Ja-Sung Bae, So-Hee Lee, Mi-Ran Shim, Yeon-Shin Hwang, Young-Hoon Joo, Young Hak Park, Dong-Il Sun
OBJECTIVES: Thyroid surgeons frequently encounter outpatients with mobile vocal cords complaining of lower-pitched voices following thyroidectomy. This study investigated the clinical and pathological parameters affecting voice pitch following thyroid surgery. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 393 patients with mobile vocal cords and who also underwent thyroid surgery. Speaking fundamental frequency (SFF) and fundamental frequency (F0) were compared before and after surgery...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829870/the-intrasubjectivity-of-self-voices-and-delusions-a-phenomenological-analysis
#19
Cherise Rosen, Nev Jones, Kayla A Chase, Hannah Gin, Linda S Grossman, Rajiv P Sharma
To advance the area of phenomenology of voices and their interrelatedness to forms of delusions this study investigated the prevalence and interrelatedness of co-occurring auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) and delusions. Additionally we explored the characterization of distinct sub-categories/clusters of AVHs and delusions. Ninety-two participants experiencing psychosis were administered standardized clinical measures. We found a significant diagnostic difference with increased prevalence of co-occurring AVHs and delusions within the schizophrenia group compared to the bipolar with psychosis group...
2016: Psychosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815515/stigma-and-need-for-care-in-individuals-who-hear-voices
#20
REVIEW
Ruvanee P Vilhauer
BACKGROUND: Voice hearing experiences, or auditory verbal hallucinations, occur in healthy individuals as well as in individuals who need clinical care, but news media depict voice hearing primarily as a symptom of mental illness, particularly schizophrenia. AIMS: This article explores whether, and how, public perception of an exaggerated association between voice hearing and mental illness might influence individuals' need for clinical care. METHOD: A narrative literature review was conducted, using relevant peer-reviewed research published in the English language...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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