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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103545/a-multimodal-speech-capture-system-for-speech-rehabilitation-and-learning
#1
Nordine Sebkhi, Dhyey Desai, Mohammad Islam, Jun Lu, Kimberly Wilson, Maysam Ghovanloo
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are trained to correct articulation of people diagnosed with motor speech disorders by analyzing articulators' motion and assessing speech outcome while patients speak. To assist SLPs in this task, we are presenting the Multimodal Speech Capture System (MSCS) that records and displays kinematics of key speech articulators, the tongue and lips, along with voice, using unobtrusive methods. Collected speech modalities, tongue motion, lips gestures, and voice, are visualized not only in real-time to provide patients with instant feedback but also offline to allow SLPs to perform post-analysis of articulators' motion, particularly the tongue, with its prominent but hardly visible role in articulation...
January 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101650/speech-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease-early-diagnostics-and-effects-of-medication-and-brain-stimulation
#2
REVIEW
L Brabenec, J Mekyska, Z Galaz, Irena Rektorova
Hypokinetic dysarthria (HD) occurs in 90% of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. It manifests specifically in the areas of articulation, phonation, prosody, speech fluency, and faciokinesis. We aimed to systematically review papers on HD in PD with a special focus on (1) early PD diagnosis and monitoring of the disease progression using acoustic voice and speech analysis, and (2) functional imaging studies exploring neural correlates of HD in PD, and (3) clinical studies using acoustic analysis to evaluate effects of dopaminergic medication and brain stimulation...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099887/comparative-proteomics-of-paired-vocal-fold-and-oral-mucosa-fibroblasts
#3
Michael Karbiener, Barbara Darnhofer, Marie-Therese Frisch, Beate Rinner, Ruth Birner-Gruenberger, Markus Gugatschka
: Injuries of the vocal folds frequently heal with scar formation, which can have lifelong detrimental impact on voice quality. Current treatments to prevent or resolve scars of the vocal fold mucosa are highly unsatisfactory. In contrast, the adjacent oral mucosa is mostly resistant to scarring. These differences in healing tendency might relate to distinct properties of the fibroblasts populating oral and vocal fold mucosae. We thus established the in vitro cultivation of paired, near-primary vocal fold fibroblasts (VFF) and oral mucosa fibroblasts (OMF) to perform a basic cellular characterization and comparative cellular proteomics...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076708/patient-reported-outcomes-harnessing-patients-voices-to-improve-clinical-care
#4
Ethan Basch
Symptom management is a cornerstone of clinical care, particularly for patients with chronic conditions. Yet patients’ symptoms and physical impairments go undetected by health care providers as much as half the time, particularly between clinic visits. As a result, we miss opportunities to..
January 12, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072562/a-systematic-review
#5
Sarah Drejet, Stacey Halum, Matthew Brigger, Elaine Skopelja, Noah P Parker
Objectives (1) To systematically identify studies evaluating the use of intralesional cidofovir or bevacizumab as an adjunct in adult recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, determine disease severity and functional outcomes, and assess study quality. (2) To compare outcomes between the 2 adjuncts. Data Sources Ovid Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, and Clinical-Trials.gov . Review Methods Data sources were systematically searched. A priori inclusion and exclusion criteria were instituted. Quality was evaluated with the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale...
January 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069598/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-brief-intervention-by-interactive-voice-response
#6
Gail L Rose, Gary J Badger, Joan M Skelly, Charles D MacLean, Tonya A Ferraro, John E Helzer
AIMS: To determine the effect of an Interactive Voice Response (IVR) brief intervention (BI) to reduce alcohol consumption among adults seeking primary care. METHODS: Patients (N = 1855) with unhealthy drinking were recruited from eight academic internal medicine and family medicine clinics and randomized to IVR-BI (n = 938) versus No IVR-BI control (n = 917). Daily alcohol consumption was assessed at baseline, 3- and 6-months using the Timeline Followback. RESULTS: The IVR-BI was completed by 95% of the 938 patients randomized to that condition, and 62% of them indicated a willingness to consider a change in their drinking...
January 8, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069496/probiotic-e-coli-nissle-1917-biofilms-on-silicone-substrates-for-bacterial-interference-against-pathogen-colonization
#7
Quan Chen, Zhiling Zhu, Jun Wang, Analette I Lopez, Siheng Li, Amit Kumar, Fei Yu, Haoqing Chen, Chengzhi Cai, Lijuan Zhang
: Bacterial interference is an alternative strategy to fight against device-associated bacterial infections. Pursuing this strategy, a non-pathogenic bacterial biofilm is used as a live, protective barrier to fence off pathogen colonization. In this work, biofilms formed by probiotic Escherichia coli strain Nissle 1917 (EcN) are investigated for their potential for long-term bacterial interference against infections associated with silicone-based urinary catheters and indwelling catheters used in the digestive system, such as feeding tubes and voice prostheses...
January 6, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069493/-just-wear-dark-underpants-mainly-learning-from-adolescents-and-young-adults-experiences-with-early-discontinuation-of-the-contraceptive-implant
#8
Britt Lunde, Lisa Littman, Samantha Stimmel, Rima Rana, Adam Jacobs, Carol R Horowitz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Long acting reversible contraception, including the contraceptive implant, is recommended for teens and young women. However, some young women discontinue the implant early, and we seek to better understand their experiences. DESIGN: / Setting / Participants: We conducted interviews with 16 females ages 14 to 24 presenting for removal of the contraceptive implant within 6 months after placement at out-patient adolescent, family medicine and obstetrics and gynecology clinics...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069467/validity-and-reliability-of-a-french-version-of-reflux-symptom-index
#9
Jérôme R Lechien, Kathy Huet, Camille Finck, Mohamad Khalife, Anne-Françoise Fourneau, Véronique Delvaux, Myriam Piccaluga, Bernard Harmegnies, Sven Saussez
OBJECTIVE: To develop a French version of the Reflux Symptom Index (Fr-RSI) and to assess its internal consistency, reliability, and clinical validity. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled, prospective trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients with a reflux finding score > 7 and an Fr-RSI > 13 were enrolled and treated with 20 mg of pantoprazole twice daily and diet changes for 3 months. Ninety asymptomatic subjects were also included in the study...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068120/daily-associations-between-ptsd-drinking-and-self-appraised-alcohol-related-problems
#10
Sarah M Wilson, Marketa Krenek, Paul A Dennis, Samantha S Yard, Kendall C Browne, Tracy L Simpson
Alcohol dependence (AD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are highly comorbid, yet limited research has focused on PTSD and daily drinking as they relate to self-appraised alcohol-related problems. In treatment contexts, patients' appraisals of alcohol-related problems have implications for assessment, intervention strategies, and prognosis. This study investigated the moderating effect of within-person (daily symptoms) and between-person (overall severity) differences in PTSD on the association between daily drinking and same-day alcohol-related problems...
January 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063105/the-moral-of-the-tale-stories-trust-and-public-engagement-with-clinical-ethics-via-radio-and-theatre
#11
Deborah Bowman
Trust is frequently discussed with reference to the professional-patient relationship. However, trust is less explored in relation to the ways in which understanding of, and responses to, questions of ethics are discussed by both the "public" and "experts." Public engagement activity in healthcare ethics may invoke "trust" in analysing a moral question or problem but less frequently conceives of trust as integral to "public engagement" itself. This paper explores the relationship between trust and the ways in which questions of healthcare ethics are identified and negotiated by both "experts" and the public...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053281/recurrent-psychotic-episodes-with-a-near-monthly-cycle
#12
K I Che
A 12-year-old girl presented to the mental health service for an abrupt onset of mental changes characterised by hearing voices and being paranoid. She appeared preoccupied and her mood was labile. There was no family history of mental illness, and no organic causes were identified. These symptoms subsided spontaneously in a week. However, she experienced 3 other similar psychotic episodes afterwards which happened in a near-monthly cycle. Her level of functioning was normal between these episodes. Throughout the course of the illness, it was noted that these mental state changes might be related to the menstrual cycle...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050912/conflicts-of-conscience-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#13
Natalie J Ford, Wendy Austin
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge of the experiences of conflicts of conscience found in nursing literature. OBJECTIVES: To explore the individual experiences of a conflict of conscience for neonatal nurses in Alberta. RESEARCH DESIGN: Interpretive description was selected to help situate the findings in a meaningful clinical context. Participants and research context: Five interviews with neonatal nurses working in Neonatal Intensive Care Units throughout Alberta...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050631/head-to-head-comparison-between-18-f-fdopa-pet-ct-and-mr-ct-angiography-in-clinically-recurrent-head-and-neck-paragangliomas
#14
Céline Heimburger, Francis Veillon, David Taïeb, Bernard Goichot, Sophie Riehm, Julie Petit-Thomas, Gerlinde Averous, Marcela Cavalcanti, Fabrice Hubelé, Gerard Chabrier, Izzie Jacques Namer, Anne Charpiot, Alessio Imperiale
PURPOSE: Head and neck paragangliomas (HNPGLs) can relapse after primary treatment. Optimal imaging protocols have not yet been established for posttreatment evaluation. The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic value of (18)F-FDOPA PET/CT and MR/CT angiography (MRA/CTA) in HNPGL patients with clinical relapse during their follow-up. METHODS: Sixteen consecutive patients presenting with local pain, tinnitus, dysphagia, hoarse voice, cranial nerve involvement, deafness, or retrotympanic mass appearing during follow-up after the initial treatment of HNPGLs were retrospectively evaluated...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049390/assessment-practices-of-irish-speech-and-language-therapists-in-the-evaluation-of-voice-disorders
#15
Ciarán Kenny
It is commonly accepted that the evaluation of voice disorders ought to include extensive perceptual, psychometric, and instrumental measurements. This serves to encapsulate the wide-reaching effects of such a disorder, from the physical impairment in voice production to the psycho-social impact of having a dysphonic voice. In spite of this, no international gold standard exists by which voice disorders should be evaluated, and so speech and language therapists (SLTs) are often tasked with developing an assessment battery for use in their own clinics...
April 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035477/contribution-of-intraoperative-neural-monitoring-to-preservation-of-the-external-branch-of-the-superior-laryngeal-nerve-a-randomized-prospective-clinical-trial
#16
Mehmet Uludag, Nurcihan Aygun, Kinyas Kartal, Bulent Citgez, Evren Besler, Gurkan Yetkin, Cemal Kaya, Hamdi Ozsahin, Mehmet Mihmanli, Adnan Isgor
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) on the injury rate of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) during thyroidectomy. METHODS: A total of 133 consenting patients (98 female, 35 male; mean age, 45.6 ± 11.7 years) undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to 2 groups. In group 1 (n = 65 patients, 105 nerves), superior thyroid pole dissection was performed with no attempt to identify the EBSLN; in group 2 (n = 68 patients, 106 nerves), IONM was used to identify the EBSLN during surgery...
December 29, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030869/voice-related-patient-reported-outcome-measures-a-systematic-review-of-instrument-development-and-validation
#17
David O Francis, James J Daniero, Kristen L Hovis, Nila Sathe, Barbara Jacobson, David F Penson, Irene D Feurer, Melissa L McPheeters
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to perform a comprehensive systematic review of the literature on voice-related patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures in adults and to evaluate each instrument for the presence of important measurement properties. Method: MEDLINE, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and the Health and Psychosocial Instrument databases were searched using relevant vocabulary terms and key terms related to PRO measures and voice...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017756/a-clinical-comparison-of-anterior-cervical-plates-versus-stand-alone-intervertebral-fusion-devices-for-single-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-procedures
#18
Ripul R Panchal, Kee D Kim, Robert Eastlack, John Lopez, Andrew Clavenna, Daina M Brooks, Gita Joshua
OBJECTIVE: To compare radiologic and clinical outcomes, including rates of dysphagia and dysphonia, using a no-profile stand-alone intervertebral spacer with integrated screw fixation versus an anterior cervical plate and spacer construct for single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, prospective study included 54 patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD) requiring ACDF at a single level at C3-C7...
December 22, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008387/role-of-ph-monitoring-in-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-patients-with-voice-disorders
#19
Swati Maldhure, Ramanathan Chandrasekharan, Amit-Kumar Dutta, Ashok Chacko, Mary Kurien
INTRODUCTION: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is considered an important cause of voice disorder. We aimed to determine the frequency of LPR in patients with voice disorder and the association between Koufman Reflux Symptom Index (RSI), Reflux Finding Score (RFS), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and proximal acid reflux in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study in patients aged more than 18 years presenting at the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) clinic with a change in voice lasting more than 3 weeks...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007326/unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-a-systematic-review-of-speech-language-pathology-management
#20
REVIEW
Chloe Walton, Erin Conway, Helen Blackshaw, Paul Carding
OBJECTIVES: Dysphonia due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) can be characterized by hoarseness and weakness, resulting in a significant impact on patients' activity and participation. Voice therapy provided by a speech-language pathologist is designed to maximize vocal function and improve quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to systematically review literature surrounding the effectiveness of speech-language pathology intervention for the management of UVFP in adults...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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