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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035759/the-beliefs-about-voices-questionnaire-revised-a-factor-structure-from-450-participants
#1
Clara Strauss, Kenneth Hugdahl, Flavie Waters, Mark Hayward, Josef J Bless, Liv E Falkenberg, Bodil Kråkvik, Arve Egil Asbjørnsen, Erik Johnsen, Igne Sinkeviciute, Rune A Kroken, Else-Marie Løberg, Neil Thomas
Hallucinated voices are common across psychiatric and non-clinical groups. The predominant cognitive theory about the impact of voices posits that beliefs about voice power ('Omnipotence') and voice intent ('Malevolence'/'Benevolence') play a key role in determining emotional and behavioral reactions. The revised Beliefs about Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ-R) was designed to assess these constructs, together with two styles of responding (Engagement and Resistance). The BAVQ-R is widely used in clinical and research settings, yet it has not received validation of its constructs and factor structure...
October 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034826/voice-of-the-clinician-the-case-of-an-australian-health-system
#2
Mark J Lock, Amber L Stephenson, Jill Branford, Jonathan Roche, Marissa S Edwards, Kathleen Ryan
Purpose The Voice of the Clinician project commenced during an era when practitioner burnout, dissatisfaction, and turnover became an increasingly global health workforce concern. One key problem is clinical staff not being empowered to voice their concerns to decision-makers, as was found in this case study of an Australian public health organization. The following research question informed the present study: What is a better committee system for clinician engagement in decision-making processes? The paper aims to discuss this issue...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033733/anesthesia-management-for-a-case-of-laryngeal-keel-placement
#3
Kundan Gosavi, Paulomi Dey, Sachin Swami, Akshay Salunke
Congenital laryngeal web is a rare anomaly with incidence of 1 in 10,000 births. Its clinical presentation may range from an asymptomatic patient or mild hoarseness of voice to severe respiratory stridor. The primary goals of surgical intervention for congenital laryngeal web are to establish a patent airway and to achieve a good voice quality. As recurrence rate after plain excision of laryngeal web is very high, its removal may be coupled by placement of a silastic keel in between vocal cords. Endolaryngeal placement of a keel is definitely less invasive than laryngofissure, but little is known about its anesthesia management...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033279/guided-self-help-cognitive-behaviour-intervention-for-voices-give-results-from-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-in-a-transdiagnostic-sample
#4
Cassie M Hazell, Mark Hayward, Kate Cavanagh, Anna-Marie Jones, Clara Strauss
BACKGROUND: Few patients have access to cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis (CBTp) even though at least 16 sessions of CBTp is recommended in treatment guidelines. Briefer CBTp could improve access as the same number of therapists could see more patients. In addition, focusing on single psychotic symptoms, such as auditory hallucinations ('voices'), rather than on psychosis more broadly, may yield greater benefits. METHOD: This pilot RCT recruited 28 participants (with a range of diagnoses) from NHS mental health services who were distressed by hearing voices...
October 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033256/acoustic-analysis-of-normal-voice-patterns-in-pakistani-adults
#5
Saira Ambreen, Nazia Bashir, Sharmeen Aslam Tarar, Rukhsana Kausar
This study was designed to find out normative acoustic measures of adults in Pakistan. Age and gender differences in these parameters were also studied. The study variables include fundamental frequency, absolute jitter, relative jitter, relative average perturbation, 5-point period perturbation quotient perturbation quotient, jitter average absolute difference between consecutive periods, divided by the average period, shimmer local, shimmer decibel, three-point amplitude perturbation quotient, five-point amplitude perturbation quotient, average absolute difference of consecutive differences between the consecutive periods' amplitudes, and harmonics-to-noise ratio...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032882/adapting-a-computerized-medical-dictation-system-to-prepare-academic-papers-in-radiology
#6
Yadiel Sánchez, Anand M Prabhakar, Raul N Uppot
Everyday radiologists use dictation software to compose clinical reports of imaging findings. The dictation software is tailored for medical use and to the speech pattern of each radiologist. Over the past 10 years we have used dictation software to compose academic manuscripts, correspondence letters, and texts of educational exhibits. The advantages of using voice dictation is faster composition of manuscripts. However, use of such software requires preparation. The purpose of this article is to review the steps of adapting a clinical dictation software for dictating academic manuscripts and detail the advantages and limitations of this technique...
September 14, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032127/associations-between-posture-voice-and-dysphonia-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Ricardo Cardoso, José Lumini-Oliveira, Rute F Meneses
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to systematize the associations between posture, voice, and dysphonia in order to support future research directions and possible clinical interventions. STUDY DESIGN: The study is a systematic review. METHODS: According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses flowchart, a search on PubMed/Medline, SciELO, RCAAP, LILACS, Cochrane Library, PEDro, and Isi Web of Knowledge was performed from their inception through January of 2017 using the key words "posture" and ("voice" or "dysphonia")...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030215/analyzing-cost-effectiveness-of-neural-monitoring-in-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-recovery-course-in-thyroid-surgery
#8
Tie Wang, Hoon Yub Kim, Che-Wei Wu, Stefano Rausei, Hui Sun, Francesca Pia Pergolizzi, Gianlorenzo Dionigi
PURPOSE: The increasing use of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroid surgery imposes an evaluation of cost-effectiveness. METHODS: The analysis estimated the cost versus utility of different alternatives that simulate nerve injury course and the consequences for the following cohorts of patients: (1) no RLN injury, or vocal fold palsy (VCP) recovery within 1 month (2), 2 months (3), 6 months (4), and after 12 months (5)...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021425/a-cat-with-suspected-laryngeal-metastasis-with-mucosal-irregularity-resulting-from-apocrine-salivary-gland-adenocarcinoma-in-the-head
#9
Aki Fujiwara-Igarashi, Koichi Shimizu, Masaki Michishita, Yoshihiko Yu, Yuji Hamamoto, Daisuke Hasegawa, Michio Fujita
A 16-year-old castrated male mongrel cat presented with swelling under the left pinna and a 3 -month history of voice change. Laryngeal endoscopy revealed circumferential oedema around the arytenoid cartilages and hypersecretion of saliva. Histopathological examination of the mass around the left ear canal was considered the primary lesion that originated from cutaneous apocrine adenocarcinoma or parotid gland adenocarcinoma, and it metastasized to the larynx, lung and medial retropharyngeal lymph nodes. This report provides new insights into feline laryngeal diseases which could result in laryngeal metastasis with slight mucosal irregularity alone and without obvious radiographic abnormalities...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019460/auditory-hallucinations-as-translational-psychiatry-evidence-from-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#10
Kenneth Hugdahl
In this invited review article I present a translational perspective and overview of our research on auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia at the University of Bergen, Norway with a focus on the neuronal mechanisms underlying the phenomenology of experiencing "hearing voices". An auditory verbal hallucination, i.e. "hearing a voice", is defined as a sensory experience in the absence of a corresponding external sensory source that could explain the phenomenological experience. I suggest a general frame or scheme for the study of auditory verbal hallucinations which is called Levels of Explanation (LoE)...
October 11, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017897/patients-conceptions-of-terms-related-to-sexual-interest-desire-and-arousal
#11
John D DeLamater, Kevin P Weinfurt, Kathryn E Flynn
BACKGROUND: Measurement of sexual function typically uses self-report, which, to work as intended, must use language that is understood consistently by diverse respondents. Commonly used measures employ multiple terms, primarily (sexual) interest, desire, and arousal, that might not be understood in the same way by laypeople and professionals. AIM: To inform self-reported measurement efforts for research and clinical settings by examining how US men and women recruited from a health care setting understand and interpret different terms...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994616/assessing-speech-perception-in-swedish-school-aged-children-preliminary-data-on-the-listen-say-test
#12
Cecilia Nakeva von Mentzer, Martina Sundström, Karin Enqvist, Mathias Hällgren
To meet the need for a linguistic speech perception test in Swedish, the 'Listen-Say test' was developed. Minimal word pairs were used as speech material to assess seven phonetic contrasts in two auditory backgrounds. In the present study, children's speech discrimination skills in quiet and in four-talker (4T) speech background were examined. Associations with lexical-access skills and academic achievement were explored. The study included 27 school children 7-9 years of age. Overall, the children discriminated phonetic contrasts well in both conditions (quiet: Mdn 95%; 4T speech; Mdn 91% correct)...
October 10, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992349/singing-and-vocal-interventions-in-palliative-and-cancer-care-music-therapists-perceptions-of-usage
#13
Amy Clements-Cortés
Background: Music therapists in palliative and cancer care settings often use singing and vocal interventions. Although benefits for these interventions are emerging, more information is needed on what type of singing interventions are being used by credentialed music therapists, and what goal areas are being addressed. Objective: To assess music therapists' perceptions on how they use singing and vocal interventions in palliative and cancer care environments. Method: Eighty credentialed music therapists from Canada and the United States participated in this two-part convergent mixed-methods study that began with an online survey, followed by individual interviews with 50% (n = 40) of the survey participants...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986152/vocal-evaluation-of-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#14
Ana Paula Dassie-Leite, Mara Behlau, Suzana Nesi-França, Monica Nunes Lima, Luiz de Lacerda
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the vocal characteristics of a group of children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and the association of these characteristics with the children's clinical, laboratory, and therapeutic profiles. MATHERIAL AND METHODS: Observational, analytical, cross-sectional study including 200 prepubertal children, of whom 100 had CH (study group [SG]) and 100 had no CH (control group [CG]). The following parameters were evaluated: 1) history (identification, complaints, and interfering variables), 2) auditory-perceptual and acoustic evaluation (samples analyzed by a group of specialists, and objectively by a computer program), 3) self-assessment scores in the Pediatric Voice-Related Quality-of-Life (PVRQoL) survey, 4) laryngological evaluation (presence or absence of laryngeal lesions and data regarding glottal closure), and 5) medical records (CH etiology, age at treatment initiation, disease severity at diagnosis, treatment quality, and thyroid function tests on the day of the examination)...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983422/speech-language-pathology-evaluation-and-management-of-hyperkinetic-disorders-affecting-speech-and-swallowing-function
#15
REVIEW
Julie M Barkmeier-Kraemer, Heather M Clark
BACKGROUND: Hyperkinetic dysarthria is characterized by abnormal involuntary movements affecting respiratory, phonatory, and articulatory structures impacting speech and deglutition. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) play an important role in the evaluation and management of dysarthria and dysphagia. This review describes the standard clinical evaluation and treatment approaches by SLPs for addressing impaired speech and deglutition in specific hyperkinetic dysarthria populations. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using the data sources of PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979105/questioning-patient-engagement-research-scientists-perceptions-of-the-challenges-of-patient-engagement-in-a-cardiovascular-research-network
#16
Sandra L Carroll, Gayathri Embuldeniya, Julia Abelson, Michael McGillion, Alexandre Berkesse, Jeff S Healey
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement in research is a dominant discourse in clinical research settings as it is seen as a move toward sustainable and equitable health care systems. In Canada, a key driver is the Strategy for Patient-Oriented Research of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, which asserts that meaningful patient engagement can only be fostered when stakeholders understand its value. This study assessed researchers' perceptions of the meaning and value of patient engagement in research within a Canadian cardiovascular research network...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976917/ten-years-of-simulation-in-healthcare-a-thematic-analysis-of-editorials
#17
Debra Nestel
In this commentary, I review 38 articles published as editorials in Simulation in Healthcare from inception to April 2016. Of the 27 authors, there was a predominance of medical doctors (63%), male authors (67%), and work originating in the United States (86%). The founding Editor-in-Chief Dr David Gaba contributed to half of the editorials. Using inductive thematic analysis, the following five themes were identified: "embedding" simulation, simulation responding to clinical practice, educational considerations for simulation, research practices, and communicating leadership and scholarship about the community...
October 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975931/patient-reported-outcomes-in-cancer-care-hearing-the-patient-voice-at-greater-volume
#18
REVIEW
Thomas W LeBlanc, Amy P Abernethy
Recording of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) enables direct measurement of the experiences of patients with cancer. In the past decade, the use of PROs has become a prominent topic in health-care innovation; this trend highlights the role of the patient experience as a key measure of health-care quality. Historically, PROs were used solely in the context of research studies, but a growing body of literature supports the feasibility of electronic collection of PROs, yielding reliable data that are sometimes of better quality than clinician-reported data...
October 4, 2017: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975242/ethics-and-the-legalization-of-physician-assisted-suicide-an-american-college-of-physicians-position-paper
#19
Lois Snyder Sulmasy, Paul S Mueller
Calls to legalize physician-assisted suicide have increased and public interest in the subject has grown in recent years despite ethical prohibitions. Many people have concerns about how they will die and the emphasis by medicine and society on intervention and cure has sometimes come at the expense of good end-of-life care. Some have advocated strongly, on the basis of autonomy, that physician-assisted suicide should be a legal option at the end of life. As a proponent of patient-centered care, the American College of Physicians (ACP) is attentive to all voices, including those who speak of the desire to control when and how life will end...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974209/using-automated-voice-messages-linked-to-telephone-counselling-to-increase-post-menstrual-regulation-contraceptive-uptake-and-continuation-in-bangladesh-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Kate Reiss, Kathryn Andersen, Sharmani Barnard, Thoai D Ngo, Kamal Biswas, Christopher Smith, James Carpenter, Kathryn Church, Sadid Nuremowla, Erin Pearson
BACKGROUND: Adoption of modern contraceptive methods after menstrual regulation (MR) is thought to reduce subsequent unwanted pregnancy and abortion. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) are highly effective at reducing unintended pregnancy, but uptake in Bangladesh is low. Providing information on the most effective methods of contraception increases uptake of more effective methods. This protocol describes a randomised controlled trial of an intervention delivered by mobile phone designed to support post-MR contraceptive use in Bangladesh...
October 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
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