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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911819/non-neurogenic-language-disorders-a-preliminary-classification
#1
REVIEW
Mario F Mendez
BACKGROUND: Few publications deal with non-neurogenic language disorders (NNLDs), distinct from psychogenic speech disorders such as psychogenic dysphonia or stuttering. NNLDs are alterations in language owing to psychosomatic preoccupations, conversion disorder, psychiatric disorders, or other psychological reasons. OBJECTIVE: To identify and classify the range of NNLDs and their characteristics. METHODS: This review summarizes the literature on disturbances in language, broadly defined as the use of symbols for communication, which may have a psychogenic or psychiatric etiology...
August 10, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895711/-post-intubation-laryngeal-granuloma-a-rare-complication-of-tracheal-intubation-in-pediatrics-case-report
#2
Giselle Cuestas, Verónica Rodríguez, Flavia Doormann, Patricio Bellia Munzón, Gastón Bellia Munzón
Laryngeal granulomas are benign lesions located in the posterior third of the glottis, mainly at the level of the vocal apophysis of the arytenoid cartilage. They are typically associated with three etiological factors: endotracheal intubation, inappropriate voice use and/or gastroesophageal reflux. The formation of a post-intubation laryngeal granuloma is a late complication related to intubation injury. It is uncommon in the child, especially if the period of intubation is short. It is usually unilateral and produces dysphonia, pharyngeal foreign body sensation and cough...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894815/development-of-a-voice-disorder-work-productivity-inventory-utilizing-cognitive-interviewing-technique
#3
John Paul Giliberto, Qiubei Zhu, Tanya K Meyer
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Voice disorders have been shown to impair workplace productivity primarily by reduced efficiency while at work (presenteeism) versus increased days missed (absenteeism). Work productivity measures such as the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) Questionnaire or the World Health Organization Health - Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ) can be customized to a specific disease but do not fully capture impaired work productivity associated with voice disorders...
December 2016: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884075/laryngeal-paralysis-associated-with-a-muscle-pseudotumour-in-a-young-dog
#4
Francesca Rizzo, Cecilia Benetti, Consuelo Ballatori, Diana Binanti
An 18-month-old male entire Bloodhound dog was presented with a six-week history of progressive inspiratory dyspnoea, stridor, dysphonia and exercise intolerance. CT scan performed elsewhere had revealed the presence of an unencapsulated nodular mass (3x1x5 cm) dorsal to the larynx and first tracheal rings. Laryngoscopy demonstrated the presence of bilateral laryngeal paralysis and distorted laryngeal architecture suggestive of extraluminal compression. Histopathology results of incisional biopsies from the mass were suggestive of a benign non-neoplastic muscular lesion...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872158/stabilometric-findings-in-patients-affected-by-organic-dysphonia-before-and-after-phonomicrosurgery
#5
A Nacci, S O Romeo, S Berrettini, J Matteucci, M D Cavaliere, V Mancini, E Panicucci, F Ursino, B Fattori
The purpose of this study is to understand if there is any alteration in the posture of patients affected by organic dysphonia and describe possible postural modifications after phonomicrosurgery on the vocal folds. Forty subjects (22 males, 18 females; mean age 32.6 ± 7.5 years) suffering from organic dysphonia (15 cases of polyps, 11 submucosal retention cysts, 10 bilateral fibrous vocal fold nodules and 4 bilateral Reinke's oedema) were examined by open-eye and closed-eye posturography while breathing spontaneously before surgery, 24 hours after surgery and after 6 months...
August 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868149/speech-reconstruction-using-a-deep-partially-supervised-neural-network
#6
Ian McLoughlin, Jingjie Li, Yan Song, Hamid R Sharifzadeh
Statistical speech reconstruction for larynx-related dysphonia has achieved good performance using Gaussian mixture models and, more recently, restricted Boltzmann machine arrays; however, deep neural network (DNN)-based systems have been hampered by the limited amount of training data available from individual voice-loss patients. The authors propose a novel DNN structure that allows a partially supervised training approach on spectral features from smaller data sets, yielding very good results compared with the current state-of-the-art...
August 2017: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867553/cepstral-analysis-of-normal-and-pathological-voice-in-spanish-adults-smoothed-cepstral-peak-prominence-in-sustained-vowels-versus-connected-speech
#7
Jonathan Delgado-Hernández, Nieves M León-Gómez, Laura M Izquierdo-Arteaga, Yanira Llanos-Fumero
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: In recent years, the use of cepstral measures for acoustic evaluation of voice has increased. One of the most investigated parameters is smoothed cepstral peak prominence (CPPs). The objectives of this paper are to establish the usefulness of this acoustic measure in the objective evaluation of alterations of the voice in Spanish and to determine what type of voice sample (sustained vowels or connected speech) is the most sensitive in evaluating the severity of dysphonia...
August 31, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852580/incidental-finding-of-dual-ectopic-thyroid-on-computed-tomography-angiography
#8
Antonio Pierro, Savino Cilla, Pietro Modugno, Giuseppina Sallustio
The presence of simultaneous two ectopic foci of thyroid tissue (dual ectopic thyroid) is rare, and few cases have been reported in the literature. The ectopic thyroid tissue is an extremely uncommon embryological aberration due to the alterations occurring during the embryological development with incomplete migration of thyroid precursors. Commonly ectopic thyroid tissue is a midline structures, but the lateral location is possible but very rare. Ectopic thyroid is common in women and can vary in size from a microscopic focus to a few centimeters...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852532/an-unusual-neck-tumor-in-a-young-pregnant-woman-challenge-diagnosis-and-response-to-treatment
#9
Juan F Arango, Juan C López, Virginia Arrazubi, Silvia Cisneros, Angel Rodríguez, Aitor Zabala, Purificación Martinez Del Prado
We report the case of a 19-year-old woman 33 weeks pregnant who presented a painful mass of progressive growth in the neck, having also dysphonia and dyspnea. Physical examination revealed a primary laryngeal tumor. A neuroendocrine small-cell carcinoma was diagnosed after histopathology, immunohistochemistry and genetic studies. Chemo-radiotherapy with a cisplatin-etoposide schedule was administered. Despite obtaining a complete response, the patient relapsed and finally survived 35 months with successive cisplatin-based treatments...
August 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844806/laryngeal-manual-therapies-for-behavioral-dysphonia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Vanessa Veis Ribeiro, Vanessa Pedrosa, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio, Mara Behlau
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to review systematically the literature and to analyze the effectiveness of laryngeal manual therapy in addressing the overall severity of vocal deviation, the intensity of vocal and laryngeal symptoms, and musculoskeletal pain in adults with behavioral dysphonia. STUDY DESIGN: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Two independent authors selected clinical trials that analyzed the effectiveness of laryngeal manual therapy compared with other interventions in the treatment of adults with behavioral dysphonia from the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, and LILACS...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844607/is-voice-therapy-effective-for-the-treatment-of-dysphonic-patients-with-benign-vocal-fold-lesions
#11
REVIEW
Makoto Ogawa, Hidenori Inohara
OBJECTIVE: To update our knowledge regarding the effectiveness of voice therapy for the treatment of vocal disturbance associated with benign vocal fold lesions, including vocal polyps, nodules and cysts, and for determining the utility of voice therapy in treating organic voice disorders, while highlighting problems for the future development of this clinical field. METHODS: We conducted a review of the most recent literature on the therapeutic effects of voice therapy, vocal hygiene education or direct vocal training on vocal quality, the lesion appearance and discomfort felt by patients due to the clinical entity of benign vocal fold mass lesions...
August 22, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837727/short-term-effect-of-two-semi-occluded-vocal-tract-training-programs-on-the-vocal-quality-of-future-occupational-voice-users-resonant-voice-training-using-nasal-consonants-versus-straw-phonation
#12
Iris Meerschman, Kristiane Van Lierde, Karen Peeters, Eline Meersman, Sofie Claeys, Evelien D'haeseleer
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term effect of 2 semi-occluded vocal tract training programs, "resonant voice training using nasal consonants" versus "straw phonation," on the vocal quality of vocally healthy future occupational voice users. Method: A multigroup pretest-posttest randomized control group design was used. Thirty healthy speech-language pathology students with a mean age of 19 years (range: 17-22 years) were randomly assigned into a resonant voice training group (practicing resonant exercises across 6 weeks, n = 10), a straw phonation group (practicing straw phonation across 6 weeks, n = 10), or a control group (receiving no voice training, n = 10)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830587/correlation-between-measures-of-perceptual-assessment-of-grb-and-contact-quotient-cq
#13
Rodrigo Maximiliano Jerez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present workis to correlate the perceptual parameters grade, roughness and breathiness of the GRB scale with the contact quotient (CQ) obtained by electroglotography. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 70 samples of normal and pathological voices were analyzed by means of auditory-perceptual analysis and electroglotography. The perceptual analysis was carried out by two expert judges depending on the parameters grade, roughness and breathiness. The CQ values were obtained through the VoceVista System Version 3...
August 19, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828909/voice-outcomes-of-adults-diagnosed-with-pediatric-vocal-fold-nodules-and-impact-of-speech-therapy
#14
Brian H Song, Maqdooda Merchant, Luke Schloegel
Objective To evaluate the voice outcomes of adults diagnosed with vocal fold nodules (VFNs) as children and to assess the impact of speech therapy on long-term voice outcomes. Study Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Large health care system. Subjects and Methods Subjects diagnosed with VFNs as children between the years 1996 and 2008 were identified within a medical record database of a large health care system. Included subjects were 3 to 12 years old at the time of diagnosis, had a documented laryngeal examination within 90 days of diagnosis, and were ≥18 years as of December 31, 2014...
August 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822620/medications-and-adverse-voice-effects
#15
Kátia Nemr, Ariana Di Carlos Silva, Danilo de Albuquerque Rodrigues, Marcia Simões Zenari
OBJECTIVES: To identify the medications used by patients with dysphonia, describe the voice symptoms reported on initial speech-language pathology (SLP) examination, evaluate the possible direct and indirect effects of medications on voice production, and determine the association between direct and indirect adverse voice effects and self-reported voice symptoms, hydration and smoking habits, comorbidities, vocal assessment, and type and degree of dysphonia. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819622/mixed-pyolaryngocele-a-rare-case-of-deep-neck-infection
#16
Rachid Mahdoufi, Ismail Barhmi, Nabil Tazi, Redallah Abada, Mohamed Roubal, Mohamed Mahtar
INTRODUCTION: Pyolaryngocele is a very rare and serious complication of laryngocele. It can present as deep neck space infection and mislead the diagnosis. Our aim is to bring this unusual entity to the attention of surgeons and describe its clinical features. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 45-year-old male patient with a five-week history of neck swelling, dysphonia, dyspnea and odynophagia. An urgent CT scan showed a mixed pyolaryngocele. The management consisted of a high dose antibiotic and an excision of the residual laryngocele via an external approach...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813072/stage-of-readiness-of-patients-with-behavioral-dysphonia-in-pre-and-post-group-voice-therapy-assessments
#17
Bianca Oliveira Ismael da Costa, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva, Renata Serrano de Andrade Pinheiro, Hêmmylly Farias da Silva, Anna Alice Figueirêdo de Almeida
Purpose: To verify the efficacy of group voice therapy in the stage of readiness and identify which items of the URICA-Voice range are more sensitive to post-therapy change in patients with behavioral dysphonia. Methods: An intervention study was conducted on 49 patients with behavioral dysphonia. An eclectic approach to group therapy was implemented over eight sessions, the first and last sessions consisting of assessments. The URICA-Voice range was used to evaluate the stage of readiness at pre- and post-therapy assessments...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813068/cultural-adaptation-of-the-short-self-regulation-questionnaire-suggestions-for-the-speech-area
#18
Anna Alice Almeida, Mara Behlau
Purpose: To present the translated and linguistic and culturally adapted version of the Short self-regulation Questionnaire (SSRQ) for the Brazilian Portuguese and to check its applicability to patients with dysphonia. Methods: The SSRQ is a tool used to evaluate the ability to self-regulate behavior; it has 31 items and generates three scores: total index of individual self-regulation capacity and partial scores for goal setting and impulse control. Each item should be scored by means of a Likert-type 5-point scale; the total score ranges from 29 to 145 points...
August 14, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802788/auditory-perceptual-evaluation-of-dysphonia-a-comparison-between-narrow-and-broad-terminology-systems
#19
Jenny Iwarsson, Anne Bingen-Jakobsen, Ditte Søbæk Johansen, Inge Ernst Kølle, Solveig Gunvor Pedersen, Stine Løvind Thorsen, Niels Reinholt Petersen
OBJECTIVE: In auditory-perceptual voice analysis, a multiparameter approach and a more reductionist approach may be compared with narrow and broad phonetic transcription and used interchangeably, depending on the purpose. The aim of this study was to investigate the perspectives of a translation of the terminology used in the multiparameter Danish Dysphonia Assessment (DDA) approach into the five-parameter GRBAS system. METHODS: Voice samples illustrating type and grade of the voice qualities included in DDA were rated by five speech language pathologists using the GRBAS system with the aim of estimating inter- and intrarater reliability...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802787/reliability-and-validity-of-speech-evaluation-in-adductor-spasmodic-dysphonia
#20
Saori Yanagida, Noriko Nishizawa, Ryusaku Hashimoto, Kenji Mizoguchi, Hiromitsu Hatakeyama, Akihiro Homma, Satoshi Fukuda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate speech in patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) by perceptual evaluations and acoustic measures, and to examine the reliability and validity of these measures. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with ADSD and 24 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Speech materials consisted of three sentences constructed from serial voiced syllables to elicit abductor voice breaks. Three otolaryngologists rated the degree of voice symptoms using a visual analog scale (VAS)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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