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Dysphonia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162356/the-perception-of-breathiness-in-the-voices-of-pediatric-speakers
#1
Lisa M Kopf, Mark D Skowronski, Supraja Anand, David A Eddins, Rahul Shrivastav
BACKGROUND: The perception of pediatric voice quality has been investigated using clinical protocols developed for adult voices and acoustic analyses designed to identify important physical parameters associated with normal and dysphonic pediatric voices. Laboratory investigations of adult dysphonia have included sophisticated methods, including a psychoacoustic approach that involves a single-variable matching task (SVMT), characterized by high inter- and intra-listener reliability, and analyses that include bio-inspired models of auditory perception that have provided valuable information regarding adult voice quality...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159984/laryngeal-candidiasis-our-experience-from-sixty-biopsy-specimens
#2
Alexander Yao, Timothy J Bates, Jeffery Pearson, Max Robinson, Christopher Ward, Jason Powell
Persistent throat symptoms, such as dysphonia, globus and throat pain, are highly prevalent and are a significant cause of morbidity(1) . In a number of cases a clear cause of these symptoms is not identified and many patients are treated empirically with lifestyle advice and/or anti-reflux medication(2) . This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 20, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142841/speech-therapy-after-thyroidectomy
#3
REVIEW
Wing-Hei Viola Yu, Che-Wei Wu
Common complaints of patients who have received thyroidectomy include dysphonia (voice dysfunction) and dysphagia (difficulty swallowing). One cause of these surgical outcomes is recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis. Many studies have discussed the effectiveness of speech therapy (e.g., voice therapy and dysphagia therapy) for improving dysphonia and dysphagia, but not specifically in patients who have received thyroidectomy. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to discuss issues regarding speech therapy such as voice therapy and dysphagia for patients after thyroidectomy...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138655/endobronchial-localization-of-hodgkin-s-disease
#4
Lamyae Amro, Siham Jridi, Hafsa Sajiai, Hind Serhane, Salma Aït Batahar
The endobronchial localization of Hodgkin's disease is a rare entity which is often confused with endobronchial tuberculosis in our setting. We report the case of a 16 years old female who presented with 6 months history of dry cough, hemoptysis, dyspnea, dysphagia and dysphonia. The chest radiography showed a mediastinal and pulmonary opacity. The chest CT scan found enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes. The bronchial biopsy and peripheral lymph node biopsy confirmed Hodgkin's disease with endobronchial localization...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136615/videokymographic-visualization-of-phonasthenia-a-nonorganic-voice-disorder
#5
Mariam Salah Shadi, Mona A Hegazi, Jilan F Nassar, Samia Bassiouny, Sally Sarwat, Marwa M Saleh
BACKGROUND: Phonasthenia is a voice disorder where the larynx looks essentially normal and dysphonia is not heard but felt by the patient. This study aims to use videokymography (VKG) to detect any abnormalities in the vibratory pattern in phonasthenia and to find out whether or not these abnormalities change after vocal loading. METHODS: Thirty-seven phonasthenic patients and 31 normal subjects participated in a detailed protocol, including analysis of subjective complaints and videokymographic quasi-objective parameters (baseline) followed by loading their voices through prolonged loud reading for 45 min...
November 14, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132808/bilateral-vocal-fold-medialization-a-treatment-for-abductor-spasmodic-dysphonia
#6
Karuna Dewan, Gerald S Berke
INTRODUCTION: Abductor spasmodic dysphonia, a difficult-to-treat laryngologic condition, is characterized by spasms causing the vocal folds to remain abducted despite efforts to adduct them during phonation. Traditional treatment for abductor spasmodic dysphonia-botulinum toxin injection into the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle-can be both technically challenging and uncomfortable. Due to the difficulty of needle placement, it is often unsuccessful. The purpose of this investigation is to present a previously undescribed treatment for abductor spasmodic dysphonia-bilateral vocal fold medialization...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132807/development-and-validation-of-the-voice-catastrophization-index
#7
Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Steven Chau, Edie R Hapner, Madeleine Pethan, Michael M Johns
INTRODUCTION: Catastrophization is a cognitive distortion that has been studied in pain patients and found to be a significant factor in their disability and response to treatment. Dysphonia patients may demonstrate a similar behavior, suggesting the existence of voice catastrophization. OBJECTIVE: To establish the validity of the Voice Catastrophization Index (VCI), a new instrument estimating voice symptoms catastrophization. METHODS: A prospective study...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127012/dystonia-4-dyt4-associated-tubb4a-mutants-exhibit-disorganized-microtubule-networks-and-inhibit-neuronal-process-growth
#8
Natsumi Watanabe, Misa Itakaoka, Yoich Seki, Takako Morimoto, Keiichi Homma, Yuki Miyamoto, Junji Yamauchi
Dystonia-1 (DYT1) is an autosomal dominant early-onset torsion form of dystonia, a neurological disease affecting movement. DYT1 is the prototypic hereditary dystonia and is caused by the mutation of the tor1a gene. The gene product has chaperone functions important for the control of protein folding and stability. Dystonia-4 (DYT4) is another autosomal dominant dystonia that is characterized by onset in the second to third decade of progressive laryngeal dysphonia. DYT4 is associated with the mutation of the tubb4a gene, although it remains to be understood how disease-associated mutation affects biochemical as well as cell biological properties of the gene product as the microtubule component (a tubulin beta subunit)...
November 7, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122417/the-effects-of-amplification-on-vocal-dose-in-teachers-with-dysphonia
#9
Joana Perpetuo Assad, Ana Cristina Côrtes Gama, Juliana Nunes Santos, Max de Castro Magalhães
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if voice amplification influenced vocal dose in female teachers with dysphonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was an experimental study with comparative intrasubjects in which 15 individuals were compared in two different moments: condition 1 (C1) without voice amplification and condition 2 (C2) with voice amplification. All of them were female, kindergarten and elementary school teachers who presented organic or functional dysphonia...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122415/observer-agreement-for-measurements-in-videolaryngostroboscopy
#10
Jan Wouter Brunings, Sophie Vanbelle, Annemarie Akkermans, Nienke M M Heemskerk, Bernd Kremer, Robert J Stokroos, Laura W J Baijens
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the levels of intraobserver and interobserver agreement for measurements of visuoperceptual variables in videolaryngostroboscopic examinations and compared the observers' behavior during independent versus consensus panel rating. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study. SETTING: This study was conducted in a single-center tertiary care facility. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-four patients with dysphonia of heterogeneous etiology were included...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117296/polygenic-risk-of-spasmodic-dysphonia-is-associated-with-vulnerable-sensorimotor-connectivity
#11
Gregory Garbès Putzel, Giovanni Battistella, Anna F Rumbach, Laurie J Ozelius, Mert R Sabuncu, Kristina Simonyan
Spasmodic dysphonia (SD), or laryngeal dystonia, is an isolated task-specific dystonia of unknown causes and pathophysiology that selectively affects speech production. Using next-generation whole-exome sequencing in SD patients, we computed polygenic risk score from 1804 genetic markers based on a genome-wide association study in another form of similar task-specific focal dystonia, musician's dystonia. We further examined the associations between the polygenic risk score, resting-state functional connectivity abnormalities within the sensorimotor network, and SD clinical characteristics...
November 19, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116048/usefulness-of-high-speed-digital-imaging-hsdi-in-the-diagnosis-of-oedematous-hypertrophic-changes-of-the-larynx-in-people-using-voice-occupationally
#12
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Diana Moskal, Anna Kuryliszyn-Moskal, Anna Andrzejewska, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Anna Kraszewska, Małgorzata Skorupa
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is the evaluation of the usefulness of High-Speed Digital Imaging (HSDI) in the diagnosis of organic dysphonia in a form of oedematous-hypertrophic changes of vocal fold mucosa, morphologically confirmed by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) method in patients working with voice occupationally. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The group consisted of 30 patients working with voice occupationally with oedematous-hypertrophic changes of vocal fold mucosa...
August 31, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111338/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-vocal-tract-discomfort-scale-i-vtd
#13
Carlo Robotti, Francesco Mozzanica, Ilaria Pozzali, Laura D'Amore, Patrizia Maruzzi, Daniela Ginocchio, Stafania Barozzi, Rosaria Lorusso, Francesco Ottaviani, Antonio Schindler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Italian version of the VTD scale (I-VTD scale). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, nonrandomized, prospective study with controls. METHODS: For the item generation, a cross-cultural adaptation and translation process was performed following the back translation process (phase 1). For reproducibility analysis (phase 2), 102 patients with dysphonia were recruited (internal consistency analysis); 57 of them completed the I-VTD scale twice (test-retest reliability analysis)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105772/vibratory-function-and-healing-outcomes-after-small-intestinal-submucosa-biomaterial-implantation-for-chronic-vocal-fold-scar
#14
Michael J Pitman, Takashi Kurita, Maria E Powell, Emily E Kimball, Masanobu Mizuta, Siyuan Chang, C Gaelyn Garrett, Bernard Rousseau
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Vocal fold scar is a major cause of dysphonia, and optimal treatments do not currently exist. Small intestinal submucosa (SIS) is a biomaterial developed for the treatment of a variety of pathologies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of SIS implantation on tissue remodeling in scarred vocal folds using routine staining, immunohistochemistry, and high-speed videoendoscopy (HSV). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded group analysis...
November 6, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100714/psychometric-properties-of-voice-activity-participation-profile-persian-version-vappp
#15
Maryam Faham, Zahra Ghayoumi Anaraki, Akram Ahmadi, Abbas Ebadi, Erin Pearson Silverman
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with voice disorders may experience limits in activity and restricted participation in daily activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Voice Activity Participation Profile-Persian Version (VAPPP), a questionnaire which specifically investigates activity limitation and participation restriction in Persian-speaking individuals with voice disorders. METHOD: We completed a translation procedure according to World Health Organization guidelines, prior to administering the questionnaire to 208 participants (156 patients with dysphonia and 52 controls), each of whom completed the questionnaire...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099066/chemodenervation-of-the-larynx
#16
REVIEW
Rachel Kaye, Andrew Blitzer
Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) has existed for thousands of years; however, it was not medically utilized until investigations into its therapeutic use began in sincerity during the late 1970s and 1980s. This, coupled with the reclassification of spasmodic dysphonia as a focal dystonia, led to the use of chemodenervation for this disorder, which has since become a refined technique. Indeed, due to its safety and efficacy, BoNT has been investigated in multiple neurolaryngology disorders, including spasmodic dysphonia, vocal tremor, and muscle tension dysphonia...
November 2, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098450/early-detection-of-speech-and-voice-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-treated-with-subthalamic-nucleus-deep-brain-stimulation-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#17
Takashi Tsuboi, Hirohisa Watanabe, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Reiko Ohdake, Makoto Hattori, Kazuya Kawabata, Kazuhiro Hara, Mizuki Ito, Yasushi Fujimoto, Daisuke Nakatsubo, Satoshi Maesawa, Yasukazu Kajita, Masahisa Katsuno, Gen Sobue
We previously reported that Parkinson's disease (PD) patients treated with subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) had distinct phenotypes of speech and voice disorders: hypokinetic dysarthria, stuttering, breathy voice, strained voice, and spastic dysarthria. However, changes over time remain unclear. In the present study, 32 consecutive PD patients were assessed before and up to 1 year after surgery (PD-DBS). Eleven medically treated PD patients were also assessed (PD-Med). Speech, voice, motor, and cognitive functions were evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098448/incidence-of-airway-complications-in-patients-using-endotracheal-tubes-with-continuous-aspiration-of-subglottic-secretions
#18
Jordi Vallés, Susana Millán, Emili Díaz, Eva Castanyer, Xavier Gallardo, Ignacio Martín-Loeches, Marta Andreu, Mario Prenafeta, Paula Saludes, Jorge Lema, Montse Batlle, Néstor Bacelar, Antoni Artigas
BACKGROUND: Continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions is effective in preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia, but it involves a risk of mucosal damage. The main objective of our study was to determine the incidence of airway complications related to continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions. METHODS: In consecutive adult patients with continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions, we prospectively recorded clinical airway complications during the period after extubation...
November 2, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097551/retropharyngeal-course-of-the-internal-carotid-artery
#19
Stanislas Ballivet de Regloix, O Maurin
A 77-year-old male patient presented with dysphonia. Endoscopic examination demonstrated a distortion of the posterior pharyngeal wall, which was pulsatile. The axial CT showed left internal carotid artery in a retropharyngeal location. An anomalous course of the carotid artery in the retropharyngeal space is an unusual finding that poses a risk of vascular injury during pharyngeal surgery and intubation. Such an anomaly may be congenital (incomplete descent of the third aortic arch) and may be more pronounced in older patients secondary to atherosclerosis and hypertension as occurred in our case noted here...
November 2, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084193/-high-speed-digital-imaging-in-the-clinical-analysis-of-voice-change-as-a-parameter-of-premenstrual-syndrome
#20
Bożena Kosztyła-Hojna, Anna Łobaczuk-Sitnik, Maciej Zdrojkowski, Jolanta Biszewska, Diana Biszewska, Piotr Sitnik
Technique of high-speed digital imaging (HSDI) is unique technology, allowing assessment of real vocal fold vibrations. AIM: The aim of the study is to present the usefulness of HSDI in the diagnosis of premenstrual dysphonia as a parameter of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In study conducted by Department of Clinical Phonoaudiology and Logopedics at the Medical University of Białystok participated 21 women aged between 20-31 years old. HSDI technique with a digital High Speed HS camera was used for visualization of the larynx...
October 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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