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Dysphonia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087124/the-acoustic-breathiness-index-abi-a-multivariate-acoustic-model-for-breathiness
#1
Ben Barsties V Latoszek, Youri Maryn, Ellen Gerrits, Marc De Bodt
OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of voice quality is a major component of voice assessment. The aim of the present study was to develop a new multivariate acoustic model for the evaluation of breathiness. METHOD: Concatenated voice samples of continuous speech and the sustained vowel [a:] from 970 subjects with dysphonia and 88 vocally healthy subjects were perceptually judged for breathiness severity. Acoustic analyses were conducted on the same concatenated voice samples after removal of the non-voiced segments of the continuous speech sample...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077492/dystonia-treatment-patterns-of-medication-use-in-an-international-cohort
#2
Sarah Pirio Richardson, Ashley R Wegele, Betty Skipper, Amanda Deligtisch, H A Jinnah
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of medication use in patients with dystonia enrolled in an international biorepository study. METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis, we included 2,026 participants enrolled at 37 sites in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Australia through Project 1 of the Dystonia Coalition, an international biorepository study. The primary aim was to assess the frequency of medication classes recommended for treating patients with dystonia, and the secondary aim was to compare characteristics (disease type, age, sex, duration of disease, comorbid conditions, severity)...
January 11, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074215/-management-of-dysphagia-in-acute-stroke-a%C3%A2-prospective-study-for-validation-of-current-recommendations
#3
B Lindner-Pfleghar, H Neugebauer, S Stösser, J Kassubek, A Ludolph, R Dziewas, M Prosiegel, A Riecker
BACKGROUND: The German expert recommendations on the management of dysphagia in patients after acute stroke suggest an algorithm for clinical and technical investigations to identify patients at risk for aspiration and thus reduce the rate of aspiration pneumonia. The effectiveness of this algorithm has, however, not yet been prospectively validated . METHODS: In this study 144 consecutive stroke patients were assessed by a full bedside swallowing assessment including the screening procedures of standardized swallowing assessment (SSA) and 2 out of 6...
January 10, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073284/posterior-glottic-insufficiency-in-children
#4
Reema Padia, Marshall E Smith
BACKGROUND: Dysphonia secondary to posterior glottic insufficiency (PGI) can be difficult to identify and correct. Inadequate arytenoid approximation from medial arytenoid erosion results in a breathy, soft voice. The anatomical location of the gap is difficult to correct by vocal fold injection laryngoplasty. This study reviews the presentation, evaluation, and treatment for pediatric patients who were identified with PGI. METHODS: An Institutional Review Board-approved chart review was performed on all patients who were diagnosed with PGI at our institution from 2013 to 2015...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033265/an-atypical-sarcoidosis-involvement-in-fdg-pet-ct-a-case-report
#5
Philippe Robin, Paolo Benigni, Benoit Feger, Pierre-Yves Salaun, Ronan Abgral
RATIONALE: Sarcoidosis is an idiopathic systemic inflammatory granulomatous disorder comprised of epithelioid and multinucleated giant cells with little necrosis which involve various organs. Laryngeal involvement is extremely rare, with a prevalence of about 0.5 to 1%. DIAGNOSES: Here we present a case of laryngeal involvement of sarcoidosis demonstrated on F-Fluorodesoxyglucose Positron-Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (FDG PET/CT). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 63 year-old man suffering from dysphonia was referred to our department for characterization of laryngeal lesion suspicious for cancer with non-informative biopsy, the sample was not sufficient for diagnosis...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029397/matrin-3-variants-are-frequent-in-italian-als-patients
#6
Giuseppe Marangi, Serena Lattante, Paolo Niccolò Doronzio, Amelia Conte, Giorgio Tasca, Mauro Monforte, Agata Katia Patanella, Giulia Bisogni, Emiliana Meleo, Salvatore La Spada, Marcella Zollino, Mario Sabatelli
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of motor neurons in the primary motor cortex, brainstem, and spinal cord. Recently, missense variants in MATR3 were identified in familial and sporadic ALS patients, but very few additional ALS patients have been reported so far. The p.S85C MATR3 variant was previously associated to a different phenotype, namely a distal myopathy associated with dysphagia and dysphonia. Here, we assessed the contribution of MATR3 variants in a cohort of 322 Italian ALS patients...
October 6, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017756/a-clinical-comparison-of-anterior-cervical-plates-versus-stand-alone-intervertebral-fusion-devices-for-single-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-procedures
#7
Ripul R Panchal, Kee D Kim, Robert Eastlack, John Lopez, Andrew Clavenna, Daina M Brooks, Gita Joshua
OBJECTIVE: To compare radiologic and clinical outcomes, including rates of dysphagia and dysphonia, using a no-profile stand-alone intervertebral spacer with integrated screw fixation versus an anterior cervical plate and spacer construct for single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, prospective study included 54 patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD) requiring ACDF at a single level at C3-C7...
December 22, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007326/unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-a-systematic-review-of-speech-language-pathology-management
#8
REVIEW
Chloe Walton, Erin Conway, Helen Blackshaw, Paul Carding
OBJECTIVES: Dysphonia due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) can be characterized by hoarseness and weakness, resulting in a significant impact on patients' activity and participation. Voice therapy provided by a speech-language pathologist is designed to maximize vocal function and improve quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to systematically review literature surrounding the effectiveness of speech-language pathology intervention for the management of UVFP in adults...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999701/an-unusual-laryngeal-foreign-body-in-adult
#9
Cire Ndiaye, Eric Joel Regonne, Houra Ahmed, Evelyne Siga Diom, Richard Edouard Alain Deguenonvo, Aminata Mbaye, Yilkal Zemene, Issa Cheikh Ndiaye
The accidental aspiration of a foreign body is a frequent domestic accident among children but a rare occurrence in adults. The laryngeal impaction of a coin is an unusual accident; only a few cases have been reported in the literature. Diagnosis is mostly achieved by clinicoradiological examinations. The authors report an uncommon case of laryngeal impaction of a coin in a 21-year-old patient, presenting with dysphonia without dyspnea or stridor. The extraction was performed by endoscopy.
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993500/vocal-function-exercises-for-muscle-tension-dysphonia-auditory-perceptual-evaluation-and-self-assessment-rating
#10
Narges Jafari, Abolfazl Salehi, Farzad Izadi, Saeed Talebian Moghadam, Abbas Ebadi, Payman Dabirmoghadam, Maryam Faham, Mehdi Shabazi
OBJECTIVE: Muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) is a functional dysphonia, which appears with an excessive tension in the intrinsic and extrinsic laryngeal musculatures. MTD can affect voice quality and quality of life. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of vocal function exercises (VFEs) on perceptual and self-assessment ratings in a group of 15 subjects with MTD. METHODS: The study comprised 15 subjects with MTD (8 men and 7 women, mean age 39...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989394/combined-functional-voice-therapy-in-singers-with-muscle-tension-dysphonia-in-singing
#11
Ewelina Sielska-Badurek, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Maria Sobol, Ewa Kazanecka, Anna Rzepakowska, Kazimierz Niemczyk
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate vocal tract function and the voice quality in singers with muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) after undergoing combined functional voice therapy of the singing voice. DESIGN: This is a prospective, randomized study. METHODS: Forty singers (29 females and 11 males, mean age: 24.6 ± 8.8 years) with MTD were enrolled in the study. The study group consisted of 20 singers who underwent combined functional voice therapy (10-15 individual sessions, 30-40 minutes each)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982248/reduced-versions-of-dysphonia-coping-protocols
#12
Gisele Oliveira, Fabiana Zambon, Thays Vaiano, Flavia Costa, Mara Behlau
The purpose of the study is to explore two reduced versions of the PEED-27 (Brazilian VDCQ) and compare them to the original version. It was performed a retrospective analysis of PEED-27 questionnaires of 100 individuals with vocal disorder, 37 men and 63 women, mean age of 43.7 in order to compare reduced versions of the instrument. The analysis showed that the three instruments have high level of correlation, thus their results are comparable (PEED 27 x 15, r=+0.910, p< 0.001; PEED 27 x 10, r=+0.873, p<0...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979333/vocal-quality-in-theater-actors
#13
Evelien D'haeseleer, Iris Meerschman, Sofie Claeys, Clara Leyns, Julie Daelman, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate vocal quality, vocal complaints, and risk factors for developing voice disorders in theater actors. Secondly, the impact of one vocal performance on the voice was investigated by comparing objective and subjective vocal quality before and after a theater performance. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of the actors' voice prior to and after a performance METHODS: Speech samples of 26 theater actors (15 men, 11 women, mean age 41...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974932/correlations-between-the-semiologic-changes-and-the-imaging-aspects-in-the-lateral-bulbar-infarction
#14
Cristea I, Popa C
The study aimed to evaluate the correlations between the clinical and paraclinical data in the lateral bulbar infarction, benefiting from the access to the semiologic characteristics of a group studied and the MRI angiography, without a contrast agent, through the 3D TOF technique combined with MIP, as an imaging technique for the evaluation of the arterial lesion. The study group included 20 patients with lateral bulbar infarction, 14 men, and 6 women aged between 21 and 80 years, the mean age being 56, 9 years, who were enrolled in the study in the period 2012 and 2014, following the admission in the National Institute of Neurology and Neurovascular Diseases...
July 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942894/personality-traits-inventory-in-patients-with-vocal-nodules
#15
Alexia Mattei, Joana Revis, Antoine Giovanni
The objective of the study was to analyze temperament and character in females with vocal nodules (VN) compared to a vocally healthy control population. 61 females were examined over a 17-month period for dysphonia with VN (mean age 46 years, duration of vocal complaints from 2 months to 6 years). 71 control females were recruited in their environment (mean age 34 years). The validated French Version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was used. Patients with VN had significantly (p < 0,05) greater scores for Persistence and Novelty Seeking, particularly for the subscales exploratory excitability and extravagance...
December 9, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927934/ten-year-results-of-pallidal-stimulation-for-cricopharyngeal-dystonia-with-spasmodic-dysphonia
#16
Shiro Horisawa, Taku Ochiai, Shinichi Goto, Takeshi Nakajima, Takakazu Kawamata, Takaomi Taira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927778/management-of-posterior-glottal-insufficiency-with-use-of-a-buccal-graft
#17
Samuel N Helman, William Karle, Michael J Pitman
OBJECTIVE: Posterior glottal insufficiency manifests as a rough, breathy voice with poor vocal projection, air hunger, and decreased phonatory efficiency. There are limited medical and surgical therapies. This study reports the use of insetting a buccal mucosa graft into the posterior interarytenoid space to close the posterior glottic gap for phonatory rehabilitation. METHODS: Our study is a retrospective case series of 2 female patients undergoing buccal mucosa graft inset to repair acquired posterior glottic insufficiency as a result of prolonged intubation and laryngeal tuberculosis infection...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924209/postoperative-respiratory-difficulty-due-to-asymptomatic-anterior-cervical-osteophyte-after-brain-tumor-surgery-a-case-report
#18
Hye Won Shin, Joon Chul Jang, Hyong Hwan Lim, Min Kyung Park, Go Eun Bae, Seung Uk Choi, Ji Yong Park
Anterior cervical osteophytes are commonly found in elderly patients, but rarely produce symptoms. When symptoms occur, they can range from mild symptoms of dysphagia, dysphonia, and foreign body sensation to severe symptoms of airway obstruction due to compression of the pharynx or larynx. We report the case of a 59-year-old man who underwent brain tumor surgery, and developed post-operative respiratory difficulty due to progressive pharyngo-laryngeal edema, requiring urgent endotracheal intubation, secondary to the presence of a previously asymptomatic anterior cervical osteophyte...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915345/long-term-follow-up-of-patients-with-spasmodic-dysphonia-and-improved-voice-despite-discontinuation-of-treatment
#19
Ahmed Geneid, Per-Åke Lindestad, Svante Granqvist, Riitta Möller, Maria Södersten
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate voice function in patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD) who discontinued botulinum toxin (BTX) treatment because they felt that their voice had improved sufficiently. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients quit treatment in 2004, of whom 20 fulfilled the inclusion criteria for the study, with 3 subsequently excluded because of return of symptoms, leaving 17 patients (11 males, 6 females) included in this follow-up study. A questionnaire concerning current voice function and the Voice Handicap Index were completed...
December 3, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900765/the-role-of-the-otolaryngologist-in-the-evaluation-and-diagnosis-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#20
Mark Kubik, Prasad Thottam, Amber Shaffer, Sukgi Choi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation and role of the otolaryngologist in the evaluation of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) at a tertiary pediatric hospital. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Records from pediatric patients with a diagnosis of EoE from 2003 to 2015 were reviewed. Study variables were analyzed to compare patients presenting to different specialties. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-one patients with EoE were evaluated...
November 30, 2016: Laryngoscope
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