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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441645/saphenous-vein-graft-aneurysm-10-years-after-paclitaxel-eluting-stent-implantation
#1
Akihito Tanaka, Richard J Jabbour, Francesco Giannini, Azeem Latib, Antonio Colombo
A patient underwent paclitaxel-eluting implantation for a saphenous vein graft stenosis. A follow-up angiogram at 8 months demonstrated no restenosis, with multifocal peristent contrast staining. After 10 years, a saphenous vein graft aneurysm was revealed within the stented segment. This late complication should be kept in mind when evaluating patients who have received prior drug-eluting stents.
May 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441572/trait-mindfulness-and-protective-strategies-for-alcohol-use-implications-for-college-student-drinking
#2
Emma I Brett, Thad R Leffingwell, Eleanor L Leavens
INTRODUCTION: The use of Protective Behavioral Strategies (PBS) has been strongly linked with decreased experience of alcohol-related consequences, making them a potential target for intervention. Additionally, mindfulness is associated with decreased experience of alcohol-related consequences. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate a model of PBS as a mediator of the effect of mindfulness on alcohol-related consequences. Additionally, mindfulness as a moderator of the relationship between PBS and alcohol use and consequences was examined...
April 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441571/negative-histology-with-surgically-treated-tubal-ectopic-pregnancies-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Linda Farahani, Anjita Sinha, Jilly Lloyd, Melissa Islam, Jackie A Ross
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of histological examinations of surgical specimens obtained from treatment of tubal ectopic pregnancy and to correlate with clinical findings, pre-operative ultrasound scans and the type of surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of 941 women diagnosed with a tubal ectopic pregnancy in the Early Pregnancy Unit and having surgical treatment at King's College Hospital, London. Clinical and ultrasound data had been entered contemporaneously on our electronic early pregnancy database and hospital clinical records over an 11year period from 2004 to 2014...
April 2, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441568/neuromodulation-the-fevered-mind-of-the-worm
#4
Niels Ringstad
A landmark study has revealed that an interleukin-17-like signaling system modulates a neural circuit that controls the aggregation behavior of nematodes.
April 24, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441519/grounding-principles-for-inferring-agency-two-cultural-perspectives
#5
Bethany L Ojalehto, Douglas L Medin, Salino G García
The present research investigates cultural variation in grounding principles for inferring agency in order to address an important theoretical debate: does cultural diversity in agency concepts reflect an animistic overextension of (universal) folkpsychology, as many have argued, or an alternative theory of folkcommunication based on relational principles? In two experiments, mind perception measures were adapted to assess beliefs concerning the agency of non-animal kinds (plants, abiotic kinds, complex artifacts) among Indigenous Ngöbe adults in Panama and US college students...
April 22, 2017: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441363/mind-body-therapy-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
REVIEW
Anne Herbert, Anna Esparham
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is pervasive among the pediatric population and new treatments with minimal adverse effects are necessary to be studied. The purpose of this article is to review current research studying mind-body therapies for treatment of children diagnosed with ADHD. Literature was reviewed pertaining to the effectiveness of movement-based therapies and mindfulness/meditation-based therapies for ADHD. Many positive effects of yoga, Tai Chi, physical activity, and meditation may significantly improve symptoms of ADHD among children...
April 25, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441104/gestalt-intervention-groups-for-anxious-parents-in-hong-kong-a-quasi-experimental-design
#7
Grace Suk Man Leung, Su Hean Khor
This study examined the impact of gestalt intervention groups for anxious Chinese parents in Hong Kong. A non-randomized control group pre-test/post-test design was adopted. A total of 156 parents participated in the project. After 4 weeks of treatment, the intervention group participants had lower anxiety levels, less avoidance of inner experiences, and more kindness towards oneself and mindfulness when compared to control group participants. However, the dimension of self-judgment remained unchanged. The adaptation of gestalt intervention to suit the Chinese culture was discussed...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440854/neuroprotective-diets-are-associated-with-better-cognitive-function-the-health-and-retirement-study
#8
Claire T McEvoy, Heidi Guyer, Kenneth M Langa, Kristine Yaffe
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and the Mediterranean-DASH diet Intervention for Neurodegeneration Delay (MIND diet) and cognition in a nationally representative population of older U.S. adults. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Health and Retirement Study. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 5,907; mean age 67.8 ± 10.8). MEASUREMENTS: Adherence to dietary patterns was determined from food frequency questionnaires using criteria determined a priori to generate diet scores for the MedDiet (range 0-55) and MIND diet (range 0-15)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440697/the-prevalence-of-calcification-around-odontoid-process-and-the-incidence-of-crowned-dens-syndrome-in-the-neurosurgical-ward-a-single-institution-s-analysis
#9
Masakazu Sano, Shinya Yamashita, Toyotaka Aiba
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence and natural history of odontoid calcification and to identify factors related to its progression to crowned dens syndrome (CDS). METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of patients who underwent head CT upon admission to the neurosurgical ward of Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital. We evaluated the relationship between the presence of odontoid calcification and the patient's age, sex, and primary disorder for admission...
April 25, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439245/validation-of-the-persian-version-of-the-langer-mindfulness-scale
#10
Fatemeh Moafian, Francesco Pagnini, Hooshang Khoshsima
This study validates the Persian version of the Langer Mindfulness Scale (LMS). The original scale consists of 21 items and 4 subscales; namely, novelty producing, novelty seeking, engagement, and flexibility. In this study, four samples including 2271 individuals in total participated. Confirmatory factor analysis was employed to test the factorial structure of the Persian version. The results verified a two-factor structure including novelty producing and novelty seeking for the scale and the two subscales of engagement and flexibility were omitted due to marginal fit...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439225/magnitude-codes-for-cross-modal-working-memory-in-the-primate-frontal-association-cortex
#11
REVIEW
Andreas Nieder
Quantitative features of stimuli may be ordered along a magnitude continuum, or line. Magnitude refers to parameters of different types of stimulus properties. For instance, the frequency of a sound relates to sensory and continuous stimulus properties, whereas the number of items in a set is an abstract and discrete property. In addition, within a stimulus property, magnitudes need to be processed not only in one modality, but across multiple modalities. In the sensory domain, for example, magnitude applies to both to the frequency of auditory sounds and tactile vibrations...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439202/a-rare-complication-of-esophageal-dilatation-brain-abscess
#12
Nagehan Aslan, Esra Sesli, Tuba Koca, Nilgün Şenol, Mustafa Akçam
Brain abscess is an uncommon serious disease, which has been reported as a rare complication of repeated esophageal dilations; however, routine periprocedural antibiotic prophylaxis is not currently recommended. Herein, we present a brain abscess that developed after esophageal dilatation for the treatment of induced caustic esophageal strictures. The clinical presentation is non-specific, the most reported signs are high fever and neurologic findings. Cases have been reported in the literature in adult and pediatric patients...
March 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438753/complicated-small-bowel-diverticular-disease-a-case-series
#13
Linden Karas, Mohammed Asif, Victor Chun, Farrukh A Khan
Small bowel diverticulosis of the jejunum and ileum is an uncommon finding with a prevalence rate of 0.2% to 1.3% at autopsy and 0.3% to 1.9% on small bowel studies. Diagnosis can be difficult because there are no pathognomonic features or clinical symptoms that are specific for small bowel diverticulosis. Though rare, it is critical to keep the possibility of small bowel diverticulosis in mind when evaluating cases of malabsorption, chronic abdominal pain, haemorrhage, perforation and intestinal obstruction, especially in patients with connective tissue disorders, a family history of diverticula and a personal history of colonic diverticulosis...
April 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438745/management-of-chronic-pain-using-complementary-and-integrative-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Lucy Chen, Andreas Michalsen
Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) encompasses both Western-style medicine and complementary health approaches as a new combined approach to treat a variety of clinical conditions. Chronic pain is the leading indication for use of CIM, and about 33% of adults and 12% of children in the US have used it in this context. Although advances have been made in treatments for chronic pain, it remains inadequately controlled for many people. Adverse effects and complications of analgesic drugs, such as addiction, kidney failure, and gastrointestinal bleeding, also limit their use...
April 24, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438729/gathering-opinions-on-depression-information-needs-and-preferences-samples-and-opinions-in-clinic-versus-web-based-surveys
#15
Matthew T Bernstein, John R Walker, Kathryn A Sexton, Alan Katz, Brooke E Beatie
BACKGROUND: There has been limited research on the information needs and preferences of the public concerning treatment for depression. Very little research is available comparing samples and opinions when recruitment for surveys is done over the Web as opposed to a personal invitation to complete a paper survey. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) to explore information needs and preferences among members of the public and (2) compare Clinic and Web samples on sample characteristics and survey findings...
April 24, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438665/effective-connectivity-gateways-to-the-theory-of-mind-network-in-processing-communicative-intention
#16
Marco Tettamanti, Matilde M Vaghi, Bruno G Bara, Stefano F Cappa, Ivan Enrici, Mauro Adenzato
An Intention Processing Network (IPN), involving the medial prefrontal cortex, precuneus, bilateral posterior superior temporal sulcus, and temporoparietal junctions, plays a fundamental role in comprehending intentions underlying action goals. In a previous fMRI study, we showed that, depending on the linguistic or extralinguistic (gestural) modality used to convey the intention, the IPN is complemented by activation of additional brain areas, reflecting distinct modality-specific input gateways to the IPN...
April 21, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438278/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-among-australian-hospital-based-nurses-knowledge-attitude-personal-and-professional-use-reasons-for-use-cam-referrals-and-socio-demographic-predictors-of-cam-users
#17
Seyed Afshin Shorofi, Paul Arbon
OBJECTIVE: This study was intended to examine CAM among Australian hospital-based nurses, identifying their knowledge, attitude, personal and professional use, reasons for use, CAM referrals, and socio-demographic predictors of CAM users. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Nurses holding a qualification in nursing and working in surgical wards were included using a convenience sampling technique. A self-complete questionnaire was developed to achieve the aims of the study. Descriptive and non-parametric statistics were calculated to describe and analyse data...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438276/integrating-yoga-into-psychotherapy-the-ethics-of-moving-from-the-mind-to-the-mat
#18
Jaclyn M Kamradt
Given the rise in attention to client preferences in medical treatment and the shift in focus toward health promotion, it is not surprising that the use of complementary health approaches have increased in the past several years. Yoga is among the most prominent complementary health approaches. Recently, both qualitative and quantitative work has emerged supporting its use for a variety of medical and psychological disorders. However, there is a critical gap in knowledge regarding how to most optimally and ethically integrate complementary therapies (i...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438147/leukocyte-telomere-length-and-depression-anxiety-and-stress-and-adjustment-disorders-in-primary-health-care-patients
#19
Xiao Wang, Kristina Sundquist, Anna Hedelius, Karolina Palmér, Ashfaque A Memon, Jan Sundquist
BACKGROUND: The primary aim was to examine possible differences in telomere length between primary health care patients, with depression, anxiety or stress and adjustment disorders, and healthy controls. The second aim was to examine the association between telomere length and baseline characteristics in the patients. The third aim was to examine the potential effects of the 8-week treatments (mindfulness-based group therapy or treatment as usual, i.e. mostly cognitive-based therapy) on telomere length, and to examine whether there was a difference in the potential effect on telomere length between the two groups...
April 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437793/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-treating-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Dennis Anheyer, Heidemarie Haller, Jürgen Barth, Romy Lauche, Gustav Dobos, Holger Cramer
Background: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is frequently used to treat pain-related conditions, but its effects on low back pain are uncertain. Purpose: To assess the efficacy and safety of MBSR in patients with low back pain. Data Sources: Searches of MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and PsycINFO to 15 June 2016. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared MBSR with usual care or an active comparator and assessed pain intensity or pain-related disability as a primary outcome in patients with low back pain...
April 25, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
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