keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hand Hygiene

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944053/implementation-of-who-multimodal-strategy-for-improvement-of-hand-hygiene-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-hospital-in-xi-an-china
#1
Li Shen, Xiaoqing Wang, Junming An, Jialu An, Ning Zhou, Lu Sun, Hong Chen, Lin Feng, Jing Han, Xiaorong Liu
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene (HH) is an essential component for preventing and controlling of healthcare-associated infection (HAI), whereas compliance with HH among health care workers (HCWs) is frequently poor. This study aimed to assess compliance and correctness with HH before and after the implementation of a multimodal HH improvement strategy launched by the World Health Organization (WHO). METHODS: A quasi-experimental study design including questionnaire survey generalizing possible factors affecting HH behaviors of HCWs and direct observation method was used to evaluate the effectiveness of WHO multimodal HH strategy in a hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939316/controlling-a-possible-outbreak-of-candida-auris-infection-lessons-learnt-from-multiple-interventions
#2
Manisha Biswal, Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy, Neha Jain, A S Shamanth, Dipti Sharma, Kajal Jain, L N Yaddanapudi, A Chakrabarti
BACKGROUND: Multi-drug-resistant Candida auris infection has been reported from five continents in recent years. The prevalence of C. auris invasive infection has been estimated at 5.3% for intensive care acquired candidaemia, in India. The transmission of the organism between the patients and from environment to patients is rapid. AIM: To understand the intra-hospital dynamics of C. auris transmission and determine the possible interventions to prevent its spread...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939012/barriers-and-facilitators-to-clostridium-difficile-infection-prevention-a-nursing-perspective
#3
Caitlyn Ngam, Ann Schoofs Hundt, Nicholas Haun, Pascale Carayon, Linda Stevens, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a critical patient safety issue. Consistent and regular performance of appropriate practices is effective in preventing CDI. Variation in adherence to these practices can impede their effective implementation and weaken CDI prevention. METHODS: Using the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) framework we convened a focus group of 10 nurses to identify barriers and facilitators to compliance with a CDI prevention bundle that includes (1) prompt diagnostic testing, (2) empirical isolation for patients with suspected CDI, (3) consistent and appropriate contact isolation, (4) hand hygiene, and (5) disinfection of the patient room and objects in the room...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936375/hand-hygiene-practices-among-indian-medical-undergraduates-a-questionnaire-based-survey
#4
Pranav D Modi, Pooja Kumar, Rajavi Solanki, Janhavi Modi, Srinath Chandramani, Niharika Gill
Background and objectives To prevent the spread of infections in all healthcare settings, hand hygiene must be routinely practiced. Appropriate hand hygiene techniques can go a long way in reducing nosocomial infections, cross-transmission of microorganisms and the risk of occupational exposure to infectious diseases. World Health Organisation (WHO) has taken an incredible approach called "My Five Moments for Hand Hygiene" which defines the key moments when health-care workers should perform hand hygiene. We thus carried out a survey to assess knowledge of hand hygiene practices among undergraduate medical students...
July 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935338/soft-tissue-surgery-for-adults-with-nonfunctional-spastic-hands-following-central-nervous-system-lesions-a-retrospective-study
#5
Laure Gatin, Alexis Schnitzler, Fabien Calé, Guillaume Genêt, Philippe Denormandie, François Genêt
PURPOSE: Soft tissue surgery for upper extremity contractures can improve hygiene, pain, and appearance in adults with central nervous system lesions. The goal of such interventions is highly individual; thus, goal attainment scaling (GAS; a method of scoring the extent to which patient's individual goals are achieved [5 levels] in the course of intervention and using T score values) is pertinent to evaluate outcome. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of soft tissue surgery for upper extremity muscle contractures in patients with central nervous system lesions using GAS...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934198/-koko-et-les-lunettes-magiques-an-educational-entertainment-tool-to-prevent-parasitic-worms-and-diarrheal-diseases-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#6
Clémence Essé, Véronique A Koffi, Abel Kouamé, Kouassi Dongo, Richard B Yapi, Honorine M Moro, Christiane A Kouakou, Marta S Palmeirim, Bassirou Bonfoh, Eliézer K N'Goran, Jürg Utzinger, Giovanna Raso
BACKGROUND: Integrated control programs, emphasizing preventive chemotherapy along with health education, can reduce the incidence of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis. The aim of this study was to develop an educational animated cartoon to improve school children's awareness regarding soil-transmitted helminthiasis, diarrheal diseases, and related hygiene practices in Côte d'Ivoire. The key messages included in the cartoon were identified through prior formative research to specifically address local knowledge gaps...
September 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932109/evaluation-on-the-implementation-of-respiratory-protection-measures-in-old-age-homes
#7
Diana Tf Lee, Doris Yu, Margaret Ip, Jennifer Ym Tang
PURPOSE: Old age homes (OAHs) represent a vulnerable community for influenza outbreaks. Effective implementation of respiratory protection measures has been identified as an effective prevention measure to reduce mortality and morbidity caused by such outbreaks. Yet, relatively little is known about this aspect in these homes. This study evaluated the implementation of respiratory protection measures among infection control officers (ICOs) and health care workers (HCWs) in these homes in Hong Kong...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931118/unpacking-the-enabling-factors-for-hand-cord-and-birth-surface-hygiene-in-zanzibar-maternity-units
#8
Giorgia Gon, Said M Ali, Catriona Towriss, Catherine Kahabuka, Ali O Ali, Sue Cavill, Mohammed Dahoma, Sally Faulkner, Haji S Haji, Ibrahim Kabole, Emma Morrison, Rukaiya M Said, Amour Tajo, Yael Velleman, Susannah L Woodd, And Wendy J Graham
Recent national surveys in The United Republic of Tanzania have revealed poor standards of hygiene at birth in facilities. As more women opt for institutional delivery, improving basic hygiene becomes an essential part of preventative strategies for reducing puerperal and newborn sepsis. Our collaborative research in Zanzibar provides an in-depth picture of the state of hygiene on maternity wards to inform action. Hygiene was assessed in 2014 across all 37 facilities with a maternity unit in Zanzibar. We used a mixed methods approach, including structured and semi-structured interviews, and environmental microbiology...
October 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927475/impact-of-discontinuing-contact-precautions-for-mrsa-and-esble-in-an-intensive-care-unit-a-prospective-noninferiority-before-and-after-study
#9
Laurie Renaudin, Mathieu Llorens, Christophe Goetz, Sébastien Gette, Vincente Citro, Sylvia Poulain, Marie-Laure Vanson, Jocelyne Sellies
OBJECTIVE To compare incidence densities of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBLE) acquisition in the intensive care unit (ICU) before and after discontinuation of contact precautions (CP) and application of standard precautions (SP). DESIGN Prospective noninferiority before-and-after study comparing 2 periods: January 1, 2012, to January 31, 2014 (the CP period) and February 1, 2014, to February 29, 2016 (the SP period). SETTING A 16-bed polyvalent ICU in France with only single-bed rooms with dedicated equipment and reusable medical devices...
September 20, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924472/the-effect-of-antibiotic-use-on-prevalence-of-nosocomial-vancomycin-resistant-enterococci-an-ecologic-study
#10
Cornelius Remschmidt, Michael Behnke, Axel Kola, Luis A Peña Diaz, Anna M Rohde, Petra Gastmeier, Frank Schwab
BACKGROUND: Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are among the most common antimicrobial-resistant pathogens causing nosocomial infections. Although antibiotic use has been identified as a risk factor for VRE, it remains unclear which antimicrobial agents particularly facilitate VRE selection. Here, we assessed whether use of specific antimicrobial agents is independently associated with healthcare-associated (HA) VRE rates in a university hospital setting in Berlin, Germany. METHODS: We conducted the study between January 2014 and December 2015 at the Charité-university hospital of Berlin, Germany...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919838/adherence-to-precautions-for-preventing-the-transmission-of-microorganisms-in-primary-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#11
Michely Aparecida Cardoso Maroldi, Adriana Maria da Silva Felix, Ana Angélica Lima Dias, Julia Yaeko Kawagoe, Maria Clara Padoveze, Sílvia Alice Ferreira, Sílvia Helena Zem-Mascarenhas, Stephen Timmons, Rosely Moralez Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Health care associated infections (HAIs) are a source of concern worldwide. No health service in any country can be considered HAI risk-free. However, there is scarcity of data on the risks to which both patients and health workers are subject in non-hospital settings. The aim of this study was to identify issues that determine the adherence of professionals to precautions for preventing transmission of microorganisms in primary health care. METHOD: This was a qualitative study, using focus groups of primary health care staff, in two Brazilian municipalities...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917315/protective-and-risk-factors-associated-with-the-presence-of-toxocara-spp-eggs-in-dog-hair
#12
Yslla Fernanda Fitz Balo Merigueti, Vamilton Alvares Santarém, Lívia Magosso Ramires, Aline da Silveira Batista, Layron Vinícus da Costa Beserra, Amábyle Lopes Nuci, Talita Mirella de Paula Esposte
Toxocariasis is one of the most prevalent parasitic zoonoses in the world. The disease is principally caused by the nematode Toxocara canis, whose definitive host is the dog. The transmission of toxocariasis to humans is mainly caused by accidental ingestion of embryonated eggs of the parasite, present in the soil. Studies have shown that dog hair has the capacity to harbor eggs of the parasite and represents a risk for transmission of the zoonosis. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the frequency and factors associated with the contamination of dog hair by Toxocara spp...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911749/effect-of-participatory-women-s-groups-and-counselling-through-home-visits-on-children-s-linear-growth-in-rural-eastern-india-caring-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, H S Sachdev, Hemanta Pradhan, Sanghita Bhattacharyya, Rajkumar Gope, Sumitra Gagrai, Shibanand Rath, Suchitra Rath, Rajesh Sinha, Swati Sarbani Roy, Suhas Shewale, Vijay Singh, Aradhana Srivastava, Anthony Costello, Andrew Copas, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Naomi Saville, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: Around 30% of the world's stunted children live in India. The Government of India has proposed a new cadre of community-based workers to improve nutrition in 200 districts. We aimed to find out the effect of such a worker carrying out home visits and participatory group meetings on children's linear growth. METHODS: We did a cluster-randomised controlled trial in two adjoining districts of Jharkhand and Odisha, India. 120 clusters (around 1000 people each) were randomly allocated to intervention or control using a lottery...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902323/hand-hygiene-compliance-of-healthcare-professionals-in-an-emergency-department
#14
Caroline Zottele, Tania Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago, Angela Isabel Dos Santos Dullius, Adriane Cristina Bernat Kolankiewicz, Juliana Dal Ongaro
OBJECTIVE: To analyze compliance with hand hygiene by healthcare professionals in an emergency department unit. METHOD: This is a longitudinal quantitative study developed in 2015 with healthcare professionals from a university hospital in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Each professional was monitored three times by direct non-participant observation at WHO's five recommended moments in hand hygiene, taking the concepts of opportunity, indication and action into account...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901326/environmental-and-biological-monitoring-for-the-identification-of-main-exposure-determinants-in-vineyard-mancozeb-applicators
#15
Stefan Mandic-Rajcevic, Federico M Rubino, Eugenio Ariano, Danilo Cottica, Sara Neri, Claudio Colosio
Grapevine is a vulnerable crop to several fungal diseases often requiring the use of ethylenebisdithiocarbamate (EBDC) fungicides, such as mancozeb. This fungicide has been reported to have goitrogenic, endocrine disrupting, and possibly immunotoxic effects. The aim of this study was to assess workers' exposure in two scenarios of mancozeb application and analyse the main determinants of exposure in order to better understand their mechanism of influence. Environmental monitoring was performed using a modified Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) "patch" methodology and by hand-wash collection, while mancozeb's metabolite, ethylenethiourea (ETU), was measured in 24-h preexposure and postexposure urine samples...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900349/knowledge-and-behaviour-of-nursing-students-on-the-prevention-of-healthcare-associated-infections
#16
REVIEW
F Brosio, P Kuhdari, A Stefanati, N Sulcaj, S Lupi, E Guidi, M Bergamini, G Gabutti
INTRODUCTION: Hospital infections, or "healthcare associated infections" (HAI) represent the most common and serious complications of healthcare. Adoption of safe care practices able to prevent or control the transmission of infections, both in hospitals and in other healthcare settings is crucial. The aim of the study is to assess the awareness about the risk factors and the most effective measures of prevention of HAI in the University of Ferrara nursing school students, giving particular attention to the hand hygiene practices and the use of standard precautions...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899451/hand-hygiene-improvement-and-sustainability-assessing-a-breakthrough-collaborative-in-western-switzerland
#17
Anthony Staines, Isabelle Amherdt, Estelle Lécureux, Christiane Petignat, Philippe Eggimann, Marcos Schwab, Didier Pittet
OBJECTIVE To assess hand hygiene improvement and sustainability associated with a Breakthrough Collaborative. DESIGN Multicenter analysis of hand hygiene compliance through direct observation by trained observers. SETTING A total of 5 publicly funded hospitals in 14 locations, with a total of 1,152 beds, in the County of Vaud, Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS Clinical staff. INTERVENTIONS In total, 59,272 opportunities for hand hygiene were monitored for the duration of the study, for an average of 5,921 per audit (range, 5,449-6,852)...
September 13, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893752/using-environmental-engineering-to-increase-hand-hygiene-compliance-a-cross-over-study-protocol
#18
Kelly Ann Schmidtke, Navneet Aujla, Tom Marshall, Abid Hussain, Gerard P Hodgkinson, Kristopher Arheart, Joachim Marti, David J Birnbach, Ivo Vlaev
INTRODUCTION: Compliance with hand hygiene recommendations in hospital is typically less than 50%. Such low compliance inevitably contributes to hospital-acquired infections that negatively affect patients' well-being and hospitals' finances. The design of the present study is predicated on the assumption that most people who fail to clean their hands are not doing so intentionally, they just forget. The present study will test whether psychological priming can be used to increase the number of people who clean their hands on entering a ward...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890862/where-is-the-difference-between-an-epidemic-and-a-high-endemic-level-with-respect-to-nosocomial-infection-control-measures-an-analysis-based-on-the-example-of-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-faecium-in-hematology-and-oncology-departments
#19
REVIEW
Nikos Ulrich, Petra Gastmeier
Some infection control recommendations distinguish epidemic and endemic levels for infection control. However, it is often difficult to separate long lasting outbreaks from high endemic levels and it remains open, if this distinction is really useful. Aim: To compare infection control measures in endemic and epidemic outbreaks. Methods: The example of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium outbreaks in haematology or oncology departments was used to analyse differences in infection control measures between outbreaks and high endemic levels...
2017: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888319/systems-based-practice-in-burn-care-prevention-management-and-economic-impact-of-health-care-associated-infections
#20
REVIEW
Charles Scott Hultman, David van Duin, Emily Sickbert-Bennett, Lauren M DiBiase, Samuel W Jones, Bruce A Cairns, David J Weber
Health care-associated infections in burn patients, from ventilator-associated pneumonia to skin and soft tissue infections, can substantially compromise outcomes, because these complications are associated with longer lengths of stay, increased morbidity and mortality, and greater direct medical costs. Health care-associated infections are largely preventable, through surveillance, education, appropriate hand hygiene, and culture change, especially for device-related infections. Systems-based practice, which allows individuals and clinical microsystems to navigate and improve the macro health care system, may be one of the most powerful skill sets to effect change, permitting a shift in culture toward patient safety and quality improvement...
October 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
keyword
keyword
155
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"