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Hand Hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791827/correlation-between-the-state-of-periodontal-tissues-and-selected-risk-factors-for-periodontitis-and-myocardial-infarction
#1
Renata Górska, Elżbieta Dembowska, Tomasz P Konopka, Joanna Wysokińska-Miszczuk, Małgorzata Pietruska, Ewa Ganowicz
BACKGROUND: The current level of knowledge indicates a relationship between periodontitis and diabetes and/or cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Periodontitis can be not only a risk factor for these diseases, but also a condition modifying other primary risk factors associated with the occurrence of cardiovascular complications (lipid disorders, arterial hypertension, etc.) or diabetes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was an analysis of the correlation between the state of periodontal tissues and selected risk factors for myocardial infarction (MI) in patients after recent myocardial infarction...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785534/direct-observation-of-hand-hygiene-can-show-differences-in-staff-compliance-do-we-need-to-evaluate-the-accuracy-for-patient-safety
#2
Humberto Guanche Garcell, Ariadna Villanueva Arias, Fernando Ramírez Miranda, Reynol Rubiera Jimenez, Ramón N Alfonso Serrano
Background: Direct observation of hand hygiene is the standard practice recommended by the World Health Organization to monitor its compliance. Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of hand hygiene observation performed by units' observers. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out in seven patient care units in a 75-bed community hospital in Qatar. Four trained nurses performed hand hygiene observation in May 2016, any day of the week and in different shifts, following the same methodology as routine units' observers...
2017: Qatar Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781766/the-potential-role-of-microbiota-for-controlling-the-spread-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-esbl-pe-in-neonatal-population
#3
REVIEW
Thibaud Delerue, Loic de Pontual, Etienne Carbonnelle, Jean-Ralph Zahar
The spread of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) in the hospital and also the community is worrisome. Neonates particularly are exposed to the risk of ESBL-PE acquisition and, owing to the immaturity of their immune system, to a higher secondary risk of ESBL-PE-related infection. Reducing the risk of acquisition in the hospital is usually based on a bundle of measures, including screening policies at admission, improving hand hygiene compliance, and decreasing antibiotic consumption...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780198/antimicrobial-resistance-of-3-types-of-gram-negative-bacteria-isolated-from-hospital-surfaces-and-the-hands-of-health-care-workers
#4
Hui-Ping Wang, Hong-Jiang Zhang, Jie Liu, Qi Dong, Shan Duan, Jun-Qi Ge, Zhong-Hua Wang, Zheng Zhang
BACKGROUND: There has been an increased focus in recent years on antimicrobial resistance of bacteria isolated from clinical samples. However, resistance of bacteria from hospital environments has been less frequently investigated. METHODS: According to hygienic standard for disinfection in hospitals, samples were collected from hospital inanimate surfaces and the hands of health care workers after daily cleaning. An automatic microorganism analyzer was used to identify bacteria and test for antimicrobial susceptibility...
August 2, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774759/parents-perspectives-on-navigating-the-work-of-speaking-up-in-the-nicu
#5
Audrey Lyndon, Kirsten Wisner, Carrie Holschuh, Kelly M Fagan, Linda S Franck
OBJECTIVE: To describe parents' perspectives and likelihood of speaking up about safety concerns in the NICU and identify barriers and facilitators to parents speaking up. DESIGN: Exploratory, qualitatively driven, mixed-methods design using questionnaires, interviews, and observations with parents of newborns in the NICU. The qualitative investigation was based on constructivist grounded theory. Quantitative measures included ratings and free-text responses about the likelihood of speaking up in response to a hypothetical scenario about lack of clinician hand hygiene...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771158/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-practice-and-associated-factors-among-hiv-infected-people-in-arba-minch-town-southern-ethiopia
#6
Desta Haftu, Gebrekiros Gebremichael, Desalegn Ajema, Genet Gedamu, Eskezyiaw Agedew
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected people have substantially greater need for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). Many opportunistic infections cause high morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV (PLHIV) than in immune competent populations. The objective of the study was to assess WASH practices and associated factors among PLHIV. A cross-sectional study design was conducted. Bivariate and multivariate logistic model was employed. According to this study, 97 (23.5%) of the households have unimproved water status, 221 (53...
August 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768592/effect-of-hand-lotion-on-the-effectiveness-of-hygienic-hand-antisepsis-implications-for-practicing-hand-hygiene
#7
Helga Paula, Nils-Olaf Hübner, Ojan Assadian, Katja Bransmöller, Romy Baguhl, Harald Löffler, Axel Kramer
BACKGROUND: Skin protection products should be used after washing hands with soap, during breaks, after work, and during leisure time. Aside from their beneficial effects, skin care products may also interact with alcohol-based hand disinfectants by reducing their efficacy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a hand lotion on the effectiveness of hygienic hand antisepsis using an alcohol-based handrub. METHODS: The effect of a protective hand lotion against an isopropyl alcohol-based handrub was investigated in 20 healthy volunteers according to the European standard test procedure EN 1500 in the following combinations: handwashing and application of hand lotion, only application of hand lotion, and no washing and no hand lotion (control), each for 5 minutes or 1 hour before hand antisepsis...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768591/hand-hygiene-compliance-in-a-universal-gloving-setting
#8
Noriko Kuruno, Kei Kasahara, Keiichi Mikasa
BACKGROUND: The use of gloves for every patient contact (ie, universal gloving) has been suggested as an infection prevention adjunct and alternative to contact precautions. However, gloves may carry organisms unless they are changed properly. In addition, hand hygiene is required before donning and after removing gloves, and there are scarce data regarding glove changing and hand hygiene in a universal gloving setting. METHODS: This nonrandomized observational before-after study evaluated the effect of education and feedback regarding hand hygiene...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768590/use-of-a-patient-empowerment-tool-for-hand-hygiene
#9
Allison Lastinger, Kayeromi Gomez, Ellen Manegold, Rashida Khakoo
BACKGROUND: Patient empowerment is recognized as an important component of a multimodal strategy to improve hand hygiene adherence. We examined the attitudes of adult patients and parents of pediatric patients toward a new patient empowerment tool (PET) at our hospital. We also surveyed physicians to determine their perceptions about the PET. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed of hospitalized children's parents and adult patients in a 531-bed tertiary care teaching hospital in West Virginia...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768588/journal-club-hand-hygiene-compliance-in-a-universal-gloving-setting
#10
Timothy Landers, Jeanette Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768518/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-infrastructure-and-quality-in-rural-healthcare-facilities-in-rwanda
#11
Alexandra Huttinger, Robert Dreibelbis, Felix Kayigamba, Fidel Ngabo, Leodomir Mfura, Brittney Merryweather, Amelie Cardon, Christine Moe
BACKGROUND: WHO and UNICEF have proposed an action plan to achieve universal water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) coverage in healthcare facilities (HCFs) by 2030. The WASH targets and indicators for HCFs include: an improved water source on the premises accessible to all users, basic sanitation facilities, a hand washing facility with soap and water at all sanitation facilities and patient care areas. To establish viable targets for WASH in HCFs, investigation beyond 'access' is needed to address the state of WASH infrastructure and service provision...
August 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767690/a-simplified-prevention-bundle-with-dual-hand-hygiene-audit-reduces-early-onset-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-cardiovascular-surgery-units-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#12
Kang-Cheng Su, Yu Ru Kou, Fang-Chi Lin, Chieh-Hung Wu, Jia-Yih Feng, Shiang-Fen Huang, Tao-Fen Shiung, Kwei-Chun Chung, Yu-Hsiu Tung, Kuang-Yao Yang, Shi-Chuan Chang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of a simplified prevention bundle with alcohol-based, dual hand hygiene (HH) audit on the incidence of early-onset ventilation-associated pneumonia (VAP). METHODS: This 3-year, quasi-experimental study with interrupted time-series analysis was conducted in two cardiovascular surgery intensive care units in a medical center. Unaware external HH audit (eHH) performed by non-unit-based observers was a routine task before and after bundle implementation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764758/does-depression-moderate-handwashing-in-children
#13
Jurgita Slekiene, Hans-Joachim Mosler
BACKGROUND: Although diarrheal diseases are preventable and treatable, they are the leading cause of child mortality and morbidity as a consequence of poor hygiene and contaminated water. Handwashing with soap is an effective method for preventing and decreasing the incidence of diarrhea. However, mental disorders such as depression can substantially moderate an individual's ability to cope with daily life and can exert a negative influence on daily hygiene activities such as handwashing with soap, especially in children...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760636/changing-the-paradigm-messages-for-hand-hygiene-education-and-audit-from-cluster-analysis
#14
D J Gould, D Navaïe, E Purssell, N S Drey, S Creedon
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is considered the foremost infection prevention measure. How health workers accept and make sense of the hand hygiene message is likely to contribute to success and sustainability of initiatives to improve performance, which is still often poor. METHODS: Survey of nurses in critical care units in three National Health Service trusts in England to explore opinions about hand hygiene, use of alcohol handrubs, audit with performance feedback and other key hand hygiene-related issues...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760635/the-potential-of-alcohol-release-doorplates-to-reduce-surface-contamination-during-hand-contact
#15
E L Best, P Parnell, M H Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Optimal hand hygiene may be compromised by contact with contaminated environmental surfaces. AIM: To investigate the in-vitro efficacy of a novel, alcohol-release doorplate to reduce surface contamination during hand contact. METHODS: Prototype, horizontally-held, Surfaceskins, alcohol gel-impregnated and control (aluminium) doorplates were challenged (n=72 per microorganism) with Staphylococcus aureus, Eschericia coli, Enterococcus faecalis or Clostridium difficile contaminated fingers...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760585/key-factors-for-hand-hygiene-promotion-in-intensive-care-units
#16
EDITORIAL
David De Wandel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755671/guideline-at-a-glance-hand-hygiene
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751037/patient-driven-hand-hygiene-audit-process-at-a-regional-cancer-center
#18
E J Bow, V Bourrier, J Trudel, N Kostiuk, J M McLeod
A patient-driven hand hygiene compliance audit strategy was piloted in a Canadian provincial cancer agency during routine provision of cancer outpatient care by health care providers (physicians, nurses, and health care aides) under conditions where the deployment of an independent external auditor was not feasible. The results of the audit suggest the feasibility of this approach as a routine institutional performance metric.
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749922/outbreak-of-septic-arthritis-associated-with-intra-articular-injections-at-an-outpatient-practice-new-jersey-2017
#19
Kathleen Ross, Jason Mehr, Barbara Carothers, Rebecca Greeley, Isaac Benowitz, Lisa McHugh, David Henry, Lisa DiFedele, Eric Adler, Shereen Naqvi, Edward Lifshitz, Christina Tan, Barbara Montana
On March 6, 2017, the New Jersey Department of Health (NJDOH) was notified of three cases of septic arthritis in patients who had received intra-articular injections for osteoarthritic knee pain at a private outpatient practice. The practice voluntarily closed the next day. NJDOH, in conjunction with the local health department and the New Jersey Board of Medical Examiners, conducted an investigation and identified 41 cases of septic arthritis associated with intra-articular injections administered during 250 patient visits at the same practice, including 30 (73%) patients who required surgery...
July 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746262/effect-evaluation-of-a-randomized-trial-to-reduce-infectious-illness-and-illness-related-absenteeism-among-schoolchildren-the-hi-five-study
#20
Anne Maj Denbæk, Anette Andersen, Camilla Thørring Bonnesen, Bjarne Laursen, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Pernille Due, Anette Johansen
BACKGROUND: Previous school-based hand hygiene interventions have reported to successfully reduce infectious illness among schoolchildren. But few studies have tested the effect in large populations with adequate statistical power and analyses. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a school-based multi-component intervention to improve hand washing among schoolchildren, the Hi Five study, succeeded in reducing infectious illness and illness-related absenteeism in schools. METHODS: The Hi Five study was a three-armed cluster-randomized controlled trial involving 43 randomly selected Danish schools; two intervention arms involving 14 schools each, and 15 control schools...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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