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Hand Hygiene

Cheyenne C Conrad, Kim Stanford, Claudia Narvaez-Bravo, Norman F Neumann, Krysty Munns, Lisa Tymensen, Cassandra Jokinen, Tim A McAllister
This study aimed to better understand the potential public health risk associated with zoonotic pathogens in agricultural fairs and petting zoos in Canada. Prevalence of Salmonella , Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7, and top six non-O157 STEC serogroups in feces ( n = 88), hide/feather ( n = 36), and hand rail samples ( n = 46) was assessed, as well as distributions of antimicrobial resistant (AMR) broad and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli . Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in pig nasal swabs ( n = 4), and Campylobacter , Cryptosporidium , and Giardia in feces was also assessed...
July 16, 2018: Microorganisms
Re Greenaway, K Ormandy, C Fellows, T Hollowood
BACKGROUND: Effective alcohol-based hand sanitizers (ABHRs) and healthcare worker (HCW) compliance to hand hygiene (HH) guidelines are important in the prevention of infection transmission in healthcare settings. Compliance to HH guidelines is affected by many factors including education, ABHR availability, time pressure, skin health and user acceptance of the sensory properties of ABHRs during and after application. AIM: This research considers the effect ABHR format (gel/foam/liquid) and dose (0...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
Dhulika Dhingra, Aashima Dabas, Tanu Anand, Ramya Pinnamaneni
Diarrhoea and pneumonia account for most deaths in children aged < 5 years. However, most diarrhoeal deaths are preventable with appropriate hygienic measures and timely initiation of rehydration therapy. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 280 mothers with children aged 2-59 months with acute watery diarrhoea at a tertiary hospital. One-fifth of respondents were illiterate and only one-third of mothers pre-treated water to make it drinkable. Mean knowledge scores for hand washing, diarrhoea prevention and complications of diarrhoea were poor, though higher in educated mothers ( P < 0...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Jieun Yang, Eun-Cheol Park, Sang Ah Lee, Sang Gyu Lee
BACKGROUND: Hand washing is an effective way to prevent transmission of infectious diseases. Education and promotional materials about hand washing may change individuals' awareness toward hand washing. Infectious disease outbreak may also affect individuals' awareness. AIMS: Our study aimed to examine associations between hand-washing education and self-reported hand-washing behaviors among Korean adults during the year of the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak...
July 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Best E, Parnell P, Couturier J, Barbut F, Le Bozec A, Arnoldo L, Madia A, Brusaferro S, Wilcox Mh
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is a fundamental component of infection prevention, but few studies have examined whether hand-drying method affects the risk of dissemination of potential pathogens. MATERIALS/METHODS: We performed a multicentre, internal-crossover study comparing bacterial contamination levels in washrooms with hand-drying by either paper towels (PT) or jet air dryer (JAD, Dyson). 120 sampling sessions occurred over 12 weeks in each of 3 hospitals (UK/France/Italy)...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
D O Matuka, B Binta, H A Carman, T Singh
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is a fundamental component of infection control. Hand contamination with Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli may contribute to infections. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of different handwashing methods in reducing the levels of bacterial flora, especially S. aureus and E. coli, on the hands of theatre staff. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 70 staff in surgical theatres of three randomly chosen hospitals in Johannesburg, South Africa...
May 25, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Sigall K Bell, Stephanie D Roche, Ariel Mueller, Erica Dente, Kristin O'Reilly, Barbara Sarnoff Lee, Kenneth Sands, Daniel Talmor, Samuel M Brown
BACKGROUND: Little is known about patient/family comfort voicing care concerns in real time, especially in the intensive care unit (ICU) where stakes are high and time is compressed. Experts advocate patient and family engagement in safety, which will require that patients/families be able to voice concerns. Data on patient/family attitudes and experiences regarding speaking up are sparse, and mostly include reporting events retrospectively, rather than pre-emptively, to try to prevent harm...
July 12, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
Elisabetta Caselli, Silvio Brusaferro, Maddalena Coccagna, Luca Arnoldo, Filippo Berloco, Paola Antonioli, Rosanna Tarricone, Gabriele Pelissero, Silvano Nola, Vincenza La Fauci, Alessandro Conte, Lorenzo Tognon, Giovanni Villone, Nelso Trua, Sante Mazzacane
Healthcare Associated Infections (HAI) are a global concern, further threatened by the increasing drug resistance of HAI-associated pathogens. On the other hand, persistent contamination of hospital surfaces contributes to HAI transmission, and it is not efficiently controlled by conventional cleaning, which does not prevent recontamination, has a high environmental impact and can favour selection of drug-resistant microbial strains. In the search for effective approaches, an eco-sustainable probiotic-based cleaning system (Probiotic Cleaning Hygiene System, PCHS) was recently shown to stably abate surface pathogens, without selecting antibiotic-resistant species...
2018: PloS One
Dennis Adu-Gyasi, Kwaku Poku Asante, Margaret T Frempong, Dennis Konadu Gyasi, Louisa Fatahiya Iddrisu, Love Ankrah, David Dosoo, Elisha Adeniji, Oscar Agyei, Stephaney Gyaase, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Ben Gyan, Seth Owusu-Agyei
Background: Helminths are among the most widespread infectious agents prevalent in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the developing world defined by inadequate sanitation, poverty and unsafe water sources. This study was carried out to describe the distribution of helminth and malaria parasite infections in the middle-belt of Ghana in sub-Saharan Africa where disease burden, including anaemia is rife and helminths are perceived to be significant contributors of the burden. Methods: A cross-sectional survey involving 1826 residents located in the middle belt of Ghana where no or very little previous community-based helminth work had been carried out...
August 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
Alan P L Chan, Thomas Y K Chan
Alcohol-based hand rub (hand sanitizer) is heavily used in the community and the healthcare setting to maintain hand hygiene. Methanol must never be used in such a product because oral, pulmonary and/or skin exposures can result in severe systemic toxicity and even deaths. However, sporadic cases of acute poisoning indicate that alcohol-based hand rub with undeclared methanol may be found in the market from time to time. The unexpected presence of methanol poses a serious threat to public health. Unintentional ingestion by young children and inadvertent consumption by older subjects as alcohol (ethanol) substitute can occur...
July 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jian Li, Xia Gao, Yu-Long Ye, Tang Wan, Hao Zang, Ping-Hua Mo, Can-Lei Song
BACKGROUND: GII noroviruses are a common cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) outbreaks in institutional settings globally. However, AGE outbreaks caused by GI norovirus, especially the GI.5 genotype, are relatively uncommon. METHODS: In February 2017, an AGE outbreak occurred in a primary school in Shanghai, China. An outbreak investigation was undertaken, and fecal specimens, rectal swabs, and environmental swabs were collected. Pathogen detection was performed and the positive specimens were characterized by gene sequencing...
July 9, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Ha Hoang, Tony Barnett, Greer Maine, Leonard Crocombe
BACKGROUND: The The Better Oral Health in Residential Care (BOHRC) Training was rolled out to Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACF) across Australia in 2010. AIM: To examine aged care staff's views on the implementation of the BOHRC Training at their facilities; challenges that they faced in the provision of oral health care to residents and their training needs. METHODS: A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was conducted with 20 staff across Tasmania...
July 9, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
Simrin Kafle, Bandana Pradhan
BACKGROUND: Makwanpur district was declared Open Defecation Free in 2013 as the movement started in Nepal since 2003 to address the high burden of diarrhoeal disease among under five children. As the water supply, sanitation and hygiene situation of the district is not known after the declaration, the need for this study was visualized. METHODS: It was a cross sectional study among randomly sampled 178 households using interview and observation. Water, sanitation and hygiene situation was assessed in terms of related facilities, knowledge and practices of mothers...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
Nilufer Cetisli Korkmaz, Tuba Can Akman, Gonul Kilavuz Oren, Levent Sinan Bir
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) involves impaired trunk control, leading to impaired upper-limb functionality, dexterity, and independence. Deciding early on a comprehensive approach pointing of functional disturbances and personal needs is essential for a multimodal, individualized, goal-oriented assessment and treatment program, recognizing the broad range of symptoms and disabilities associated with MS. In clinical practice, postural control of the trunk is purported to be an important contributor to voluntary upper-limb function, including motor control and dexterity...
June 28, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Majeed Babajide Adegboye, Suleiman Zakari, Bola Abdulkadir Ahmed, Gbenga Habeeb Olufemi
Background: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs), one of the leading causes of, morbidity and mortality, are common in developing countries. Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), commonest cause of HAIs, has been isolated from the hands of more than half of health care workers. Practice of hand hygiene may help in the control of nosocomial infections. We evaluated the practice of infection control among health care workers in the intensive care unit (ICU) of our hospital...
March 2018: African Health Sciences
Tsega Teshale, Shewaye Belay, Desalegn Tadesse, Abraham Awala, Girmay Teklay
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of intestinal helminth infections and associated factors among primary school children of Medebay Zana wereda, a northwestern zone of Tigray, northern Ethiopia from March to April 2017. RESULT: The prevalence of intestinal helminths was 12.7%. The highest prevalence of intestinal helminth infections was observed in the age group of 11-14 years old and the most prevalent helminths species were Schistosoma mansoni. Mothers' level of education [AOR = 0...
July 4, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Emine Öncü, Sümbüle Köksoy Vayısoğlu, Diğdem Lafci, Dilek Yurtsever, Ebru Ravlı Bulut, Esra Peker
Hand hygiene for children is crucial to keep them healthy. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of two educational initiatives on "handwashing effectiveness (HWE)." A randomized controlled trial was carried out during April/June 2016, and 96 primary school students were randomly assigned to Group I receiving education with fluorescent gel; Group II receiving interactive education or control group continuing its normal education. Evaluation was made by scoring the fluorescent areas on the hands with photographs...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Marta Zofia Wałaszek, Małgorzata Kołpa, Anna Różańska, Barbara Jagiencarz-Starzec, Zdzisław Wolak, Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach
Effective hand hygiene (HH) among healthcare workers is one of the basic principles of preventing nosocomial infections. The aim of the study was a qualitative examination of microbial colonization of nails following HH. The results were stratified by nail length: short vs. long and the presence of a varnish coating: natural vs. varnished. The presence of potentially pathogenic microorganisms was correlated with nail length, (OR=7.1, 95%CI 1.83-27.39, p<0.001) and the presence of UV-cured nail polish (OR=7...
June 30, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
A Al-Alimi, E Halboub, A K Al-Sharabi, T Taiyeb-Ali, N Jaafar, N N Al-Hebshi
OBJECTIVES: The relative importance of risk factors of periodontitis varies from one population to another. In this study, we sought to identify independent risk factors of periodontitis in a Yemeni population. METHODS: One hundred and fifty periodontitis cases and 150 healthy controls, all Yemeni adults 30-60 years old, were recruited. Sociodemographic data and history of oral hygiene practices and oral habits were obtained. Plaque index (PI) was measured on index teeth...
July 2, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Anne C Ndu, Sussan U Arinze-Onyia
Background: Doctors and laboratory scientists are at risk of infection from blood borne pathogens during routine clinical duties. After over 20 years of standard precautions, health care workers knowledge and compliance is not adequate. Aim: This study is aimed at comparing adherence and knowledge of standard precautions (SP) among Medical Laboratory Scientists (MLSs) and doctors. Methods: It was a cross sectional study done at University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, ItukuOzalla...
December 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
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