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Hand Hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431853/transmission-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-to-health-care-worker-gowns-and-gloves-during-care-of-residents-in-veterans-affairs-nursing-homes
#1
Lisa Pineles, Daniel J Morgan, Alison Lydecker, J Kristie Johnson, John D Sorkin, Patricia Langenberg, Natalia Blanco, Alan Lesse, John Sellick, Kalpana Gupta, Luci Leykum, Jose Cadena, Nickie Lepcha, Mary-Claire Roghmann
BACKGROUND: This was an observational study designed to estimate the frequency of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) transmission to gowns and gloves worn by health care workers (HCWs) interacting with Veterans Affairs Community Living Center (VA nursing home) residents to inform MRSA prevention policies. METHODS: Participants included residents and HCWs from 7 VA nursing homes in 4 states and Washington, DC. Residents were cultured for MRSA at the anterior nares, perianal skin, and wound (if present)...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431849/prospective-cluster-controlled-crossover-trial-to-compare-the-impact-of-an-improved-hydrogen-peroxide-disinfectant-and-a-quaternary-ammonium-based-disinfectant-on-surface-contamination-and-health-care-outcomes
#2
John M Boyce, Kerri A Guercia, Linda Sullivan, Nancy L Havill, Renee Fekieta, Janet Kozakiewicz, David Goffman
BACKGROUND: Quaternary ammonium-based (Quat) disinfectants are widely used, but they have disadvantages. METHODS: This was a 12-month prospective cluster controlled crossover trial. On 4 wards, housekeepers performed daily cleaning using a disinfectant containing either 0.5% improved hydrogen peroxide (IHP) or Quat. Each month, 5-8 high-touch surfaces in several patient rooms on each ward were tagged with a fluorescent marker and cultured before and after cleaning...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428667/training-as-an-effective-tool-to-increase-the-knowledge-about-hand-hygiene-actions-an-evaluation-study-of-training-effectiveness-in-kosovo
#3
Idriz Sopjani, Patrick Jahn, Johann Behrens
INTRODUCTION: Hand hygiene (HH) compliance with World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines is essential to prevent bacterial transmission and infections acquired from hospital settings. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of training tool of World Health Organization's (WHOs) Hand Hygiene multi modal campaign at all public hospitals and at the University Clinical Center in Kosovo (UCCK). METHOD: During February 2016, 691 questionnaires were distributed to health care workers...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427787/comparing-knowledge-and-self-reported-hand-hygiene-practices-with-direct-observation-among-iranian-hospital-nurses
#4
Seyed Sadeq Seyed Nematian, Charles John Palenik, Seyed Kousha Mirmasoudi, Nahid Hatam, Mehrdad Askarian
We compared knowledge and self-reported hand hygiene practices with direct observations among Shiraz Nemazee Hospital nurses. Overall hand hygiene compliance was low (39.6%). Use and appreciation for alcohol-based handrubs were suboptimal. Some reluctance was due to religious concerns. Most nurses self-reported performing proper hand hygiene more than 75% of the time, whereas direct observation indicated much lower levels of compliance. It appears that additional training and improved monitoring are needed.
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426646/community-mitigation-guidelines-to-prevent-pandemic-influenza-united-states-2017
#5
Noreen Qualls, Alexandra Levitt, Neha Kanade, Narue Wright-Jegede, Stephanie Dopson, Matthew Biggerstaff, Carrie Reed, Amra Uzicanin
When a novel influenza A virus with pandemic potential emerges, nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) often are the most readily available interventions to help slow transmission of the virus in communities, which is especially important before a pandemic vaccine becomes widely available. NPIs, also known as community mitigation measures, are actions that persons and communities can take to help slow the spread of respiratory virus infections, including seasonal and pandemic influenza viruses.These guidelines replace the 2007 Interim Pre-pandemic Planning Guidance: Community Strategy for Pandemic Influenza Mitigation in the United States - Early, Targeted, Layered Use of Nonpharmaceutical Interventions (https://stacks...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423996/assessing-user-acceptance-towards-automated-and-conventional-sink-use-for-hand-decontamination-using-the-technology-acceptance-model
#6
Carolyn Dawson, Jamie Mackrill, Rebecca Cain
Hand hygiene (HH) prevents harmful contaminants spreading in settings including domestic, healthcare and food handling. Strategies to improve HH range from behavioural techniques through to automated sinks that ensure hand surface cleaning. This study aimed to assess user experience and acceptance towards a new automated sink, compared to a normal sink. An adapted version of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) assessed each mode of handwashing. A within-subjects design enabled N=46 participants to evaluate both sinks...
April 20, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422796/waterless-hand-rub-versus-traditional-hand-scrub-methods-for-preventing-the-surgical-site-infection-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#7
Kentaro Iwakiri, Akio Kobayashi, Masahiko Seki, Yoshiyuki Ando, Tadao Tsujio, Masatoshi Hoshino, Hiroaki Nakamura
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study with prospectively collected data OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to compare SSI incidences, the cost of hand hygiene agents, and hand hygiene time between the traditional hand scrub and the waterless hand rub protocols before orthopaedic surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical-site-infections (SSI) prolong hospitalization and are a leading nosocomial cause of morbidity as well as a source of excess cost. Recently, a waterless hand rub protocol comprising alcohol based chlorhexidine gluconate for use before surgery was developed, but no studies have yet examined its utility in orthopaedic surgery...
April 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413735/a-survey-of-handwashing-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-the-healthcare-professionals-in-lahore-pakistan
#8
Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Mohsin A Cheema, Muhammad Wajih Ullah, Hamzah Ghulam, Mariam Tariq
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and attitudes towards handwashing of clinical year medical and dental students and health-care professionals (HCPs) working in the departments of medicine, surgery, dentistry, nursing, and physiotherapy in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional survey conducted during May and June 2016. After approval from the institutional review board, a modified form of the World Health Organization (WHO) Hand Hygiene Knowledge Questionnaire for Healthcare workers that included 18 items was sent to 400 clinical year students and HCPs from six medical colleges and affiliated hospitals of Lahore...
March 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410827/staphylococcus-aureus-surface-contamination-of-mobile-phones-and-presence-of-genetically-identical-strains-on-the-hands-of-nursing-personnel
#9
Akiko Katsuse Kanayama, Hiroshi Takahashi, Sadako Yoshizawa, Kazuhiro Tateda, Akihiro Kaneko, Intetsu Kobayashi
We investigated the genetic relatedness of Staphylococcus aureus isolates recovered from mobile phones and palms and fingers of users. Genetically identical isolates were detected from mobile phones and their user and multiple users, which is consistent with mobile phones serving as reservoirs of infection in the health care environment. These findings reinforce the need for hand hygiene prior to patient contact as the most effective intervention for preventing health care-associated infection.
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410760/deconstructing-the-relative-benefits-of-a-universal-glove-and-gown-intervention-on-mrsa-acquisition
#10
A D Harris, D J Morgan, L Pineles, E N Perencevich, S L Barnes
BACKGROUND: The 20-site Benefits of Universal Glove and Gown (BUGG) study found that wearing gloves and gowns for all patient contacts in the intensive care unit (ICU) reduced acquisition rates of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The relative importance of gloves and gowns as a barrier, improved hand hygiene, and reduced healthcare worker (HCW)-patient contact rates is unknown. AIM: To determine what proportion of the reduction in acquisition rates observed in the BUGG study was due to improved hand hygiene, reduced contact rates, and universal glove and gown use using agent-based simulation modelling...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403370/adherence-and-factors-related-to-acceptance-of-alcohol-for-antiseptic-hand-rubbing-among-nursing-professionals
#11
Adriana Cristina de Oliveira, Camila Sarmento Gama, Adriana Oliveira de Paula
OBJECTIVE: Identify rates of adhesion and related factors to acceptance of an alcohol based preparation to hands antiseptic friction among nursing professionals in a unit of intensive therapy. METHOD: A cross-sectional study, which involved direct observation of hand hygiene opportunities and nursing professionals' completion of questionnaires, was conducted at a university hospital between January and July 2015. Descriptive and univariate analyses were performed, with a 5% significance level...
April 6, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403292/semiotics-and-semiology-of-nursing-evaluation-of-undergraduate-students-knowledge-on-procedures
#12
Gabriela de Sousa Martins Melo, Manuela Pinto Tibúrcio, Camylla Cavalcante Soares de Freitas, Quinídia Lúcia Duarte de Almeida Quithé de Vasconcelos, Isabel Karolyne Fernandes Costa, Gilson de Vasconcelos Torres
OBJECTIVE: to assess the knowledge of scholars on Nursing regarding simple hands hygiene (SHH), blood pressure measurement (BP), peripheral venipuncture (PV) with venous catheter and male urethral catheterization delay (UCD) procedures. METHOD: quantitative study carried out between February and May 2014, with 186 undergraduate Nursing students from 5th to 9th period of a public university of Rio Grande do Norte, with application of four questionnaires. One carried out descriptive and analytic analysis...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403289/hand-hygiene-as-a-caring-practice-a-reflection-on-professional-responsibility
#13
Aline Santa Cruz Belela-Anacleto, Maria Angélica Sorgini Peterlini, Mavilde da Luz Gonçalves Pedreira
Hand hygiene represents a fundamental nursing care practice and is traditionally considered the most important and effective measure in the prevention and control of healthcare-related infections. However, studies indicate that adherence to the procedure is unsatisfactory throughout the world, and show low adherence rates. In a context in which patient safety stands out as a priority, this text submits refl ections about professional responsibility when not adhering to hand hygiene practices, and ethical aspects related to this conduct...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399974/evaluation-of-the-tuberculosis-infection-control-training-center-tajikistan-2014-2015
#14
C Scott, J Mangan, Z Tillova, P A Jensen, S Ahmedov, J Ismoilova, A Trusov
SETTING: Training center on tuberculosis (TB) infection control (IC) for health care workers in the Central Asian Republics region. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of TB IC training courses conducted at the Tuberculosis Infection Control Training Center in Machiton, Tajikistan. DESIGN: Participants who participated in training (n = 89) during the first year of operation (April 2014-February 2015) were invited to participate in a post-training interview...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398924/factors-leading-to-transmission-risk-of-acinetobacter-baumannii
#15
Kerri A Thom, Clare Rock, Sarah S Jackson, J Kristie Johnson, Arjun Srinivasan, Laurence S Magder, Mary-Claire Roghmann, Robert A Bonomo, Anthony D Harris
OBJECTIVES: To identify patient and healthcare worker factors associated with transmission risk of Acinetobacter baumannii during patient care. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: ICUs at a tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS: Adult ICU patients known to be infected or colonized with A. baumannii. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Cultures of skin, respiratory tract, and the perianal area were obtained from participants and evaluated for the presence of A...
April 10, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396006/disinfection-of-the-radiologist-workstation-and-radiologist-hand-hygiene-a-single-institution-practice-quality-improvement-project
#16
Jeffrey S Quon, Marc Dilauro, John G Ryan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the workstation disinfection rates and hand hygiene of radiologists and trainees at shared departmental workstations and assess the impact of education and reminder placards on daily habits. METHODS: A 10-question survey was administered to all staff radiologists, fellows, and residents at our institution. The questions pertained to workstation disinfection, hand hygiene habits, and accessibility to disinfectant wipes and hand sanitizer stations...
April 7, 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394989/-reduction-of-healthcare-associated-infections-by-exceeding-high-compliance-with-hand-hygiene-practices
#17
Ceidy Silva, Hernán Salas, Naldy Febré
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389091/workload-even-affects-hand-hygiene-in-a-highly-trained-and-well-staffed-setting-a-prospective-365-7-24-observational-study
#18
S Scheithauer, B Batzer, M Dangel, J Passweg, A Widmer
INTRODUCTION: Compliance with hand hygiene (HH) has often not proved satisfactory; high workload is a commonly self-reported reason. Previous studies comparing workload and compliance have not measured workload precisely and have focused on certain times of day. This study aimed to investigate the association between HH compliance and workload, both electronically defined 365/7/24 (primary endpoint). In addition, the quality of commonly used compliance defining methods (hand disinfectant usage, direct observation) was investigated (secondary endpoint)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387845/identification-of-risk-factors-for-primary-mers-cov-infection-in-camel-workers-in-qatar-2013-2014-a-case-control-study
#19
Reina S Sikkema, Elmoubasher A B A Farag, Sayed Himatt, Adel K Ibrahim, Hamad Al-Romaihi, Salih A Al-Marri, Mohamed Al-Thani, Ahmed M H El-Sayed, Mohammed Al-Hajri, Bart L Haagmans, Marion P G Koopmans, Chantal B E M Reusken
The transmission routes and risk factors for zoonotic MERS-CoV infections are still unknown. We used the WHO questionnaire for MERS-CoV case-control studies to assess risk factors for human MERS-CoV seropositivity at a farm complex in Qatar. Nine camel workers with MERS-CoV antibodies and 43 workers without antibodies were included. Some camel-related activities may pose a higher risk of MERS-CoV infection, as well as cross-border movements of camels, poor hand hygiene and overnight hospital stays with respiratory complaints ...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386887/a-soil-biotechnology-system-for-wastewater-treatment-technical-hygiene-environmental-lca-and-economic-aspects
#20
Sheetal Jaisingh Kamble, Yogita Chakravarthy, Anju Singh, Caroline Chubilleau, Markus Starkl, Itee Bawa
Soil biotechnology (SBT) is a green engineering approach for wastewater treatment and recycling. Five SBT units located in the Mumbai region were under consideration of which holistic assessment of two SBT plants was carried out considering its technical, environmental and economic aspects and was compared with published research of other three. LCA has been done to evaluate the environmental impacts of construction and operation phase of SBT. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) removal of more than 90% can be achieved using this technology...
April 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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