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Hand Hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722484/consumer-perceptions-of-the-safety-of-ready-to-eat-foods-in-retail-food-store-settings
#1
Katrina Levine, Mary Yavelak, John B Luchansky, Anna C S Porto-Fett, Benjamin Chapman
To better understand how consumers perceive food safety risks in retail food store settings, a survey was administered to 1,041 nationally representative participants who evaluated possible food safety risks depicted in selected photographs and self-reported their perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors. Participants were shown 12 photographs taken at retail stores portraying either commonly perceived or actual food safety contributing factors, such as cross-contamination, product and equipment temperatures, worker hygiene, and/or store sanitation practices...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722122/wet-work-exposure-and-hand-eczema-among-healthcare-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
N Hamnerius, C Svedman, O Bergendorff, J Björk, M Bruze, A Pontén
BACKGROUND: Hand eczema is more common in healthcare workers compared to the general population. The hands are subject to changing occupational exposures due to mandatory hygiene regulations for health care workers. OBJECTIVES: To describe the exposure due to hygiene procedures and investigate the associations between occupational hand washing, use of non-sterile gloves, and hand disinfectant and self-reported hand eczema. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with an electronic questionnaire distributed to 28 762 hospital employees in southern Sweden...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715656/the-prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-ziway-dugda-district-arsi-zone-oromia-regional-state-ethiopia
#3
Abebe Ferede, Firaol Lemessa, Mesfin Tafa, Solomon Sisay
OBJECTIVES: Adequate nutrition is an important factor to determine the health and well-being of women, children and society as a whole. Although various nutritional policies were formulated and aimed at reducing malnutrition at the global level, the magnitude of malnutrition (body mass index [BMI] <18.5 kg/m(2)) among women remained between 10% and 40% in most low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and to identify the associated risk factors among women of reproductive age...
July 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714493/handwashing-practices-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-and-neonatal-nurseries-in-patan-hospital
#4
S Joshi, P Amatya, B Poudel, S A Yadav
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene has been identified as the single most important factor in minimising hospital acquired infections. However, compliance of handwashing guidelines has remained low. The aim of this study was to study the handwashing practices in the Paediatric and Neonatal intensive care units and Neonatal nurseries in Patan Hospital, and secondly to re-evaluate the improvement on compliance of handwashing guidelines after intervention. METHODS: Pre-intervention study was conducted by covertly observing the handwashing practices by the healthcare workers...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714331/-hand-hygiene-technique-assessment-using-electronic-equipment-in-26-hungarian-healthcare-institutions
#5
Ákos Lehotsky, Júlia Morvai, László Szilágyi, Száva Bánsághi, Alíz Benkó, Tamás Haidegger
INTRODUCTION: Hand hygiene is probably the most effective tool of nosocomial infection prevention, however, proper feedback and control is needed to develop the individual hand hygiene practice. AIM: Assessing the efficiency of modern education tools, and digital demonstration and verification equipment during their wide-range deployment. METHOD: 1269 healthcare workers took part in a training organized by our team. The training included the assessment of the participants' hand hygiene technique to identify the most often missed areas...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712156/-unfit-for-human-consumption-a-study-of-the-contamination-of-formula-milk-fed-to-young-children-in-east-java-indonesia
#6
Sarah Gibson, Daniel Sahanggamu, Dewi Fatmaningrum, Val Curtis, Sian White
OBJECTIVES: To examine levels of bacterial contamination in formula feeding bottles in Sidoarjo, East Java, and to assess the preparation practices that may have been responsible. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. We randomly selected 92 households with children under the age of two who were bottle-fed formula. In each household we carried out video observation of mothers/caregivers preparing bottles, and examined samples of formula for coliform bacteria and Escherichia coli (E...
July 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711430/implementation-of-a-national-bundle-care-program-to-reduce-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-high-risk-units-of-hospitals-in-taiwan
#7
Chih-Cheng Lai, Chun-Ming Lee, Hsiu-Tzy Chiang, Ching-Tzu Hung, Ying-Chun Chen, Li-Hsiang Su, Zhi-Yuan Shi, Jein-Wei Liu, Chang-Pan Liu, Min-Chi Lu, Yin-Ching Chuang, Wen-Chien Ko, Shu-Hui Tseng, Yen-Hsu Chen, Po-Ren Hsueh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study was intended to investigate the impact of implementation of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CA-UTI) bundle care on the incidence of CA-UTI in high-risk units. METHODS: Thirteen high-risk units, including medical (n = 5), surgical (n = 3), cardiac intensive care units (n = 2), respiratory care centers (n = 2), and respiratory care ward (n = 1) were included in this quality-improvement project. This study was divided into pre-intervention phase (from January 1 to July 31) and post-intervention phase (from August 1 to October 31) in 2013...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705228/cleanliness-in-context-reconciling-hygiene-with-a-modern-microbial-perspective
#8
REVIEW
Roo Vandegrift, Ashley C Bateman, Kyla N Siemens, May Nguyen, Hannah E Wilson, Jessica L Green, Kevin G Van Den Wymelenberg, Roxana J Hickey
The concept of hygiene is rooted in the relationship between cleanliness and the maintenance of good health. Since the widespread acceptance of the germ theory of disease, hygiene has become increasingly conflated with sterilization. In reviewing studies across the hygiene literature (most often hand hygiene), we found that nearly all studies of hand hygiene utilize bulk reduction in bacterial load as a proxy for reduced transmission of pathogenic organisms. This treatment of hygiene may be insufficient in light of recent microbial ecology research, which has demonstrated that humans have intimate and evolutionarily significant relationships with a diverse assemblage of microorganisms (our microbiota)...
July 14, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702138/prevalence-and-clinical-features-of-cryptosporidium-infection-in-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Mohammad Ali Mohaghegh, Seyed Hossein Hejazi, Mohsen Ghomashlooyan, Hamed Kalani, Farzaneh Mirzaei, Mehdi Azami
AIM: This cross-sectional study aims to assess the prevalence of Cryptosporidium in hemodialysis patients compared with healthy individuals in central Iran from August 2014 to January 2015. BACKGROUND: Cryptosporidiosis is a major cause of acute and persistent diarrhea with significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients such as those undergoing renal dialysis. METHODS: Three stool samples were collected from 330 hemodialysis patients and 150 healthy individuals on 3 consecutive days...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700953/comparative-assessment-of-local-tolerance-of-alcohols-commonly-used-in-alcohol-based-hand-rubs-for-hand-hygiene
#10
Monique Manche, Benoît Foligné, Mathieu Sauty, Anne Platel, Eric Vercauteren, Gaétan Rauwel, Sophie Catoire, Hervé Ficheux, Jacques Criquelion, Fabrice Nesslany
Hand hygiene plays a key role in nosocomial infection prevention. To achieve users' adherence, products' dermal tolerance is essential. We aimed at making a comparative assessment of skin irritation and phototoxicity of the 3 alcohols commonly used in alcohol-based hand rubs (Ethanol, Propan-2-ol, Propan-1-ol) at 60, 70, 80 or 85% w/w in water or with co-formulates (hydrating, emollient and skin protective agents). In vitro validated OECD methods 439 and 432 were used. For irritation, EpiSkin™ Small Model was the chosen Reconstructed Human Epidermis (RhE)...
July 9, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697820/high-levels-of-hand-hygiene-compliance-are-a-worthwhile-pursuit
#11
Emily E Sickbert-Bennett, Lauren M DiBiase, David J Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691027/hand-hygiene-practices-and-microbial-investigation-of-hand-contact-swab-among-physiotherapists-in-an-ebola-endemic-region-implications-for-public-health
#12
S Ibeneme, V Maduako, G C Ibeneme, A Ezuma, T U Ettu, N F Onyemelukwe, D Limaye, G Fortwengel
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene practices (HHP), as a critical component of infection prevention/control, were investigated among physiotherapists in an Ebola endemic region. METHOD: A standardized instrument was administered to 44 randomly selected physiotherapists (23 males and 21 females), from three tertiary hospitals in Enugu, Nigeria. Fifteen participants (aged 22-59 years) participated in focus group discussions (FGDs) and comprised 19 participants in a subsequent laboratory study...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690027/enterobius-vermicularis-infection-and-its-risk-factors-among-pre-school-children-in-taipei-taiwan
#13
Kuang-Yao Chen, Chuan-Min Yen, Kao-Pin Hwang, Lian-Chen Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pinworm infection is extremely low in Taipei, Taiwan. This population study was designed to determine the current status and the associated risk factors of this infection among pre-school children. METHODS: Perianal swab specimens were obtained from the parents or guardians using a two-consecutive-day adhesive cellophane perianal swab kit. Information of family background, personal hygiene, and household sanitary conditions were collected by asking the parents or guardians to complete a questionnaire...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687211/preventing-transmission-of-multidrug-resistant-pathogens-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#14
REVIEW
Jeffrey R Strich, Tara N Palmore
Infection control in the intensive care unit (ICU) has seen many advances, including rapid molecular screening tests for resistant organisms and chlorhexidine use in daily baths. Although these developments advance the cause of infection prevention, compliance with some of the basic measures remains elusive. Hand hygiene, antimicrobial stewardship, and reduction in device use remain the low-technology interventions that could have a major impact on nosocomial transmission of antimicrobial-resistant organisms...
July 5, 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677216/hygiene-microbial-strategies-to-reduce-pathogens-and-drug-resistance-in-clinical-settings
#15
Elisabetta Caselli
Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a global concern, affecting all western hospitals, and profoundly impairing the clinical outcome of up to 15% of all hospitalized patients. Persistent microbial contamination of hospital surfaces has been suggested to contribute to HAIs onset, representing a reservoir for hospital pathogens. On the other hand, conventional chemicals-based sanitation do not prevent recontamination and can select drug-resistant strains, resulting in over 50% of surfaces persistently contaminated...
July 5, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675503/a-population-based-study-of-self-reported-skin-exposures-and-symptoms-in-relation-to-contact-allergy-in-adolescents
#16
Maria Lagrelius, Carl-Fredrik Wahlgren, Mihály Matura, Anna Bergström, Inger Kull, Carola Lidén
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the relations between skin exposures, skin symptoms and contact allergy in adolescents is limited. OBJECTIVES: To explore self-reported skin exposures and skin symptoms in girls and boys, and to assess the associations between exposures, symptoms and contact allergy at age 16 years. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: In all, 3115 adolescents from the population-based BAMSE birth cohort answered a questionnaire at age 16 concerning various skin exposures and related skin symptoms...
July 4, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674848/epidemiology-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-an-intensive-care-unit-with-no-single-rooms
#17
Xavier Repessé, Margaux Artiguenave, Sophie Paktoris-Papine, Florence Espinasse, Aurélien Dinh, Cyril Charron, Faten El Sayed, Guillaume Geri, Antoine Vieillard-Baron
BACKGROUND: The transmission of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing enterobacteriaceae (ESBL) is prevented by additional contact precautions, mainly relying on isolation in a single room and hand hygiene. Contact isolation cannot be achieved in our 12-bed ICU, which has only double rooms. We report the epidemiology of ESBL imported, acquired and transmitted in an ICU with no single rooms. METHODS: We prospectively conducted an observational and non-interventional study in a French 12-bed ICU...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673700/antimicrobial-resistance-and-the-current-refugee-crisis
#18
REVIEW
Helena C Maltezou, Maria Theodoridou, George L Daikos
In the past few years, Europe has experienced an enormous influx of refugees and migrants owing to the ongoing civil war in Syria as well as conflicts, violence and instability in other Asian and African countries. Available data suggest that refugees carry a significant burden of multidrug-resistant (MDR) organisms, which is attributed to the rising antimicrobial resistance (AMR) rates in their countries of origin, both in healthcare settings and in the community. Transmission of MDR pathogens among refugees is facilitated by the collapsed housing, hygiene and healthcare infrastructures in several communities as well as poor hygiene conditions during their trip to destination countries...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670508/a-unified-framework-for-developing-effective-hygiene-procedures-for-hands-environmental-surfaces-and-laundry-in-healthcare-domestic-food-handling-and-other-settings
#19
REVIEW
Sally F Bloomfield, Philip C Carling, Martin Exner
Hygiene procedures for hands, surfaces and fabrics are central to preventing spread of infection in settings including healthcare, food production, catering, agriculture, public settings, and home and everyday life. They are used in situations including hand hygiene, clinical procedures, decontamination of environmental surfaces, respiratory hygiene, food handling, laundry hygiene, toilet hygiene and so on. Although the principles are common to all, approaches currently used in different settings are inconsistent...
2017: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670452/influence-of-glycerol-and-an-alternative-humectant-on-the-immediate-and-3-hours-bactericidal-efficacies-of-two-isopropanol-based-antiseptics-in-laboratory-experiments-in-vivo-according-to-en-12791
#20
Miranda Suchomel, Martina Weinlich, Michael Kundi
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for hand hygiene recommend the use of alcohol-based hand rubs containing humectants in order to improve dermal tolerance. However, the bactericidal efficacy of pre-surgical hand rubs is negatively affected by the WHO-recommended humectant glycerol, especially the 3-h efficacy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether replacing glycerol as humectant increases the bactericidal efficacy of surgical hand rubs based on isopropanol (75%, wt/wt). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The efficacy of 3 and 5 min applications of a modified WHO II-formulation (containing lower glycerol concentrations) and the TPH 5766 hand rub which contains a new humectant (containing ethylhexylglycerin, dexpanthenol and a fatty alcohol) were compared to the European Norm 12,791 reference (n-propanol, 60%, vol/vol) immediately following and 3 h after application...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
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