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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719949/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasmosis-with-elisa-and-rapid-diagnostic-test-among-residents-in-gyodong-do-inchon-city-korea-a-four-year-follow-up
#1
Yeong Hoon Kim, Ji Hoo Lee, Seong Kyu Ahn, Tong-Soo Kim, Sung-Jong Hong, Chom-Kyu Chong, Hye-Jin Ahn, Ho-Woo Nam
ELISA has been used for the diagnosis of toxoplasmosis, but it is being gradually replaced by a rapid diagnostic test (RDT). We compared and analyzed ELISA and RDT results using the sera collected during 4 consecutive years from residents of Gyodong-do (Island), Incheon-city, Korea. Sera from 921, 993, 940, and 838 adult residents were collected on a yearly basis (2010-2013). ELISA was performed by using a crude extract of T. gondii RH strain antigen and IgG/IgM RDT mounted with recombinant fragment of major surface antigen (SAG1), GST-linker-SAG1A, were applied to the sera...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719642/infections-with-schistosoma-mansoni-and-geohelminths-among-school-children-dwelling-along-the-shore-of-the-lake-hawassa-southern-ethiopia
#2
Bamlaku Tadege, Techalew Shimelis
BACKGROUND: Infections with Schistosoma mansoni and soil-transmitted helminthes (STHs) are major public health problems in Ethiopia. However, information was scarce on the current status of these infections to guide an intervention in the study area. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of infections with S. mansoni and STHs and associated factors among school children in southern Ethiopia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated children who were attending the Finchawa and Tullo junior elementary schools and were residing along the shore of the lake Hawassa in January and February, 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719580/central-insulin-modulates-food-valuation-via-mesolimbic-pathways
#3
Lena J Tiedemann, Sebastian M Schmid, Judith Hettel, Katrin Giesen, Paul Francke, Christian Büchel, Stefanie Brassen
Central insulin is thought to act at the neural interface between metabolic and hedonic drives to eat. Here, using pharmacological fMRI, we show that intranasal insulin (INI) changes the value of food cues through modulation of mesolimbic pathways. Overnight fasted participants rated the palatability of food pictures and attractiveness of non-food items (control) after receiving INI or placebo. We report that INI reduces ratings of food palatability and value signals in mesolimbic regions in individuals with normal insulin sensitivity...
July 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719083/subtypes-of-personality-and-locus-of-control-in-bariatric-patients-and-their-effect-on-weight-loss-eating-disorder-and-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#4
Carolin Peterhänsel, Katja Linde, Birgit Wagner, Arne Dietrich, Anette Kersting
The present study subdivided personality types in a bariatric sample and investigated their impact on weight loss and psychopathology 6 and 12 months after surgery. One hundred thirty participants answered questionnaires on personality (NEO-FFI), 'locus of control' (IPC), depression severity (BDI-II), eating disorder psychopathology (EDE-Q), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL; SF-12). K-means cluster analyses were used to identify subtypes. Two subtypes emerged: an 'emotionally dysregulated/undercontrolled' cluster defined by high neuroticism and external orientation and a 'resilient/high functioning' cluster with the reverse pattern...
July 18, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718871/-brief-instruments-in-german-for-the-assessment-of-disordered-eating
#5
Felicitas Richter, Bernhard Strauß, Uwe Berger
The development of brief instruments is an important area in the clinical and psychological assessment in the past years. Brief instruments reveal many advantages due to their efficiency and shortness for the users. However, the psychometric standards of development and validation were often neglected during the construction of short forms. The current overview presents 6 brief instruments for the assessment of disordered eating and eating disorders in German: Eating Attitudes Test 8 (EAT-8), Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire 8 (EDE-Q8) and the child version (ChEDE-Q8), ICD-10-Symptom-Rating subscale eating disorders (ISR-E), SCOFF questionnaire, and Short Evaluation of Eating Disorders (SEED)...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718830/exploring-relationships-between-recurrent-binge-eating-and-illicit-substance-use-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-women-over-two-years
#6
Henry Kewen Lu, Haider Mannan, Phillipa Hay
(1) Background: With the new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), numerous parallels have been drawn between recurrent binge eating (RBE) and substance use disorders, with many authors examining RBE or binge eating disorder (BED) as a "food addiction". The present study aims to clarify the relationship between recurrent binge eating (RBE) and illicit substance use (ISU) through investigating the temporal association between the two problems. (2) Methods: This study was embedded within a larger longitudinal study of non-clinical adult women recruited from Australian tertiary institutions...
July 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718396/a-structured-literature-review-on-the-role-of-mindfulness-mindful-eating-and-intuitive-eating-in-changing-eating-behaviours-effectiveness-and-associated-potential-mechanisms
#7
Janet M Warren, Nicola Smith, Margaret Ashwell
The role of mindfulness, mindful eating and a newer concept of intuitive eating in modulating eating habits is an area of increasing interest. In this structured literature review, a summary of the current evidence is presented, together with details of interventions undertaken and the tools to measure outcomes. It is broad in scope given the emerging evidence base in this area. The review yielded sixty-eight publications: twenty-three interventions in obese/overweight populations; twenty-nine interventions in normal-weight populations; sixteen observational studies, three of which were carried out in overweight/obese populations...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718189/-health-related-quality-of-life-self-esteem-and-health-behaviour-on-average-6-years-after-an-obesity-outpatient-lifestyle-program
#8
Ingo Menrath, Angelika Gminder, Olaf Hiort, Ute Thyen
Background Multimodal programs focusing on weight reduction are recommended in guidelines for the treatment of obese children. However, studies investigating the effects of such programs over time are still missing; there is especially a lack of studies considering longer periods after treatment. In the present study, adolescents' bodyweight, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), self-esteem and health behavior were assessed before and directly after the treatment as well as 3 years after the treatment. Methods Between 2005 and 2009 84 children and adolescents took part in a 10-month, multimodal training programme...
July 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717972/characteristics-of-patients-in-an-eating-disorder-sample-who-dropped-out-2-year-follow-up
#9
Andrés Gómez Del Barrio, María Yolanda Vellisca Gonzalez, Jana González Gómez, José Ignacio Latorre Marín, Laura Carral-Fernández, Santos Orejudo Hernandez, Inés Madrazo Río-Hortega, Laura Moreno Malfaz
OBJECTIVE: This manuscript explores the characteristics of individuals diagnosed with an eating disorder who dropped out of treatment, compared with those who completed it. METHOD: The participants were 196 patients diagnosed with eating disorders (according to DSM-IV-TR criteria) who consecutively began treatment for the first time in an eating disorders unit. They were assessed at baseline with a set of questionnaires evaluating eating habits, temperament, and general psychopathology...
July 17, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717922/healthy-living-behaviors-among-chinese-american-preschool-aged-children-results-of-a-parent-survey
#10
Virginia Rall Chomitz, Alison Brown, Victoria Lee, Aviva Must, Kenneth Kwan Ho Chui
Associations between diet, physical activity, parenting, and acculturation among Chinese-American children are understudied. Parents/caregivers of children attending child-care programs in Boston Chinatown completed a self-administered survey on demographics, child's diet, physical activities, anthropometrics, and parenting practices. Associations were evaluated in multivariable regression analysis, stratified by survey language preference, a proxy for acculturation. Responding Asian families = 132; 86...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717920/mother-and-adolescent-eating-in-the-context-of-food-insecurity-findings-from-urban-public-housing
#11
Meg Bruening, Joanna Lucio, Stephanie Brennhofer
Introduction Anecdotal evidence suggests that parents protect their children from food insecurity and its effects, but few studies have concurrently assessed food insecurity among youth and parents. The purpose of this study was to examine food insecurity and eating behaviors among an urban sample of mother-adolescent dyads. Methods Mother-adolescent dyads (n = 55) were from six public housing sites in Phoenix, Arizona who completed surveys during 2014. Multivariate mixed linear and logistic regression models assessed the relationship between mother and adolescent eating behaviors in the context of food insecurity...
July 17, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717834/characterizing-the-adherence-profiles-of-virulent-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-isolates
#12
Alisha M Aagesen, Sureerat Phuvasate, Yi-Cheng Su, Claudia C Häse
The human pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a leading cause of seafood-borne illness in the USA, and infections with V. parahaemolyticus typically result from eating raw or undercooked oysters. V. parahaemolyticus has been shown to be highly resistant to oyster depuration, suggesting that the bacterium possesses specific mechanisms or factors for colonizing oysters and persisting during depuration. In this study, we characterized eight different V. parahaemolyticus strains for differences in resistance to oyster depuration, biofilm formation, and motility...
July 17, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717809/racial-differences-in-misclassification-of-healthy-eating-based-on-food-frequency-questionnaire-and-24-hour-dietary-recalls
#13
B Olendzki, E Procter-Gray, M F Magee, G Youssef, K Kane, L Churchill, J Ockene, W Li
OBJECTIVES: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternate healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by race, among urban older women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Urban neighborhoods in Washington, DC, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling White and Black women aged 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: In 2014 and 2015, 49 White and 44 Black older women were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24-hour recalls...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716772/chewing-induced-facial-dystonia-a-rare-presentation-of-task-specific-dystonia
#14
Chandramohan Sharma, Banshi Lal Kumawat, Ankur Garg, Kaushik Kumar Rana
This case is an addition to scarce literature available for a rare condition, chewing-induced task-specific dystonia. The patient was a 63-year-old woman who presented with a 4-year history of progressive difficulty in eating food only during chewing associated with abnormal facial grimaces without any difficulty in drinking, swallowing, speaking or singing. Examination revealed dystonia of facial muscles every time she chewed but absent during drinking and speaking. As movements were consistent and reproducible with the specific task, other differential diagnosis like motor tics, psychogenic disorder, tardive dystonia and parkinsonism syndrome were excluded leading to a diagnosis of task-specific facial dystonia triggered by chewing...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716608/opioidergic-and-dopaminergic-modulation-of-cost-benefit-decision-making-in-long-evans-rats
#15
Ileana Morales, Paul J Currie, Timothy D Hackenberg, Raúl Pastor
Eating disorders are associated with impaired decision-making and dysfunctional reward-related neurochemistry. The present study examined the potential contributions of dopamine and opioid signaling to these processes using two different decision-making tasks. In one task, Long Evans Rats chose between working for a preferred food (high-carbohydrate banana-flavored sucrose pellets) by lever pressing on a progressive-ratio schedule of reinforcement vs. obtaining less preferred laboratory chow that was concurrently available...
July 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715785/prenatal-exposure-estimation-of-bpa-and-dehp-using-integrated-external-and-internal-dosimetry-a-case-study
#16
M A Martínez, J Rovira, R Prasad Sharma, M Nadal, M Schuhmacher, V Kumar
Prenatal exposure to Endocrine disruptors (EDs), such as Bisphenol A (BPA) and di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), has been associated with obesity and diabetes diseases in childhood, as well as reproductive, behavioral and neurodevelopment problems. The aim of this study was to estimate the prenatal exposure to BPA and DEHP through food consumption for pregnant women living in Tarragona County (Spain). Probabilistic calculations of prenatal exposure were estimated by integrated external and internal dosimetry modelling, physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model, using a Monte-Carlo simulation...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714581/psychometric-evaluation-and-norms-for-the-multidimensional-assessment-of-interoceptive-awareness-maia-in-a-clinical-eating-disorders-sample
#17
Tiffany A Brown, Laura A Berner, Michelle D Jones, Erin E Reilly, Anne Cusack, Leslie K Anderson, Walter H Kaye, Christina E Wierenga
Altered interoceptive awareness (IA) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of eating disorders; however, few comprehensive self-report measures of IA exist in eating disorders. The present study sought to validate the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), originally developed to assess IA in individuals practicing mind-body therapies, in an eating disorder sample. Adult and adolescent patients (n = 376) completed assessments upon admission to a partial hospital programme. Analyses examined the factor structure of the MAIA, scale means, scale-scale correlations, internal consistency and construct validity...
July 17, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714434/altered-interoceptive-activation-before-during-and-after-aversive-breathing-load-in-women-remitted-from-anorexia-nervosa
#18
L A Berner, A N Simmons, C E Wierenga, A Bischoff-Grethe, M P Paulus, U F Bailer, A V Ely, W H Kaye
BACKGROUND: The neural mechanisms of anorexia nervosa (AN), a severe and chronic psychiatric illness, are still poorly understood. Altered body state processing, or interoception, has been documented in AN, and disturbances in aversive interoception may contribute to distorted body perception, extreme dietary restriction, and anxiety. As prior data implicate a potential mismatch between interoceptive expectation and experience in AN, we examined whether AN is associated with altered brain activation before, during, and after an unpleasant interoceptive state change...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714097/a-randomized-comparative-pilot-trial-of-family-based-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-reducing-psychosocial-symptoms-disordered-eating-and-excess-weight-gain-in-at-risk-preadolescents-with-loss-of-control-eating
#19
Lauren B Shomaker, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Camden E Matherne, Rim D Mehari, Cara H Olsen, Shannon E Marwitz, Jennifer L Bakalar, Lisa M Ranzenhofer, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Natasha L Burke, Omni Cassidy, Sheila M Brady, Laura J Dietz, Denise E Wilfley, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Preadolescent loss-of-control-eating (LOC-eating) is a risk factor for excess weight gain and binge-eating-disorder. We evaluated feasibility and acceptability of a preventive family-based interpersonal psychotherapy (FB-IPT) program. FB-IPT was compared to family-based health education (FB-HE) to evaluate changes in children's psychosocial functioning, LOC-eating, and body mass. METHOD: A randomized, controlled pilot trial was conducted with 29 children, 8 to 13 years who had overweight/obesity and LOC-eating...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714048/avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-a-three-dimensional-model-of-neurobiology-with-implications-for-etiology-and-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Jennifer J Thomas, Elizabeth A Lawson, Nadia Micali, Madhusmita Misra, Thilo Deckersbach, Kamryn T Eddy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: DSM-5 defined avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) as a failure to meet nutritional needs leading to low weight, nutritional deficiency, dependence on supplemental feedings, and/or psychosocial impairment. We summarize what is known about ARFID and introduce a three-dimensional model to inform research. RECENT FINDINGS: Because ARFID prevalence, risk factors, and maintaining mechanisms are not known, prevailing treatment approaches are based on clinical experience rather than data...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
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