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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908372/association-of-fibrotic-remodeling-and-cytokines-chemokines-content-in-epicardial-adipose-tissue-with-atrial-myocardial-fibrosis-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#1
Ichitaro Abe, Yasushi Teshima, Hidekazu Kondo, Haruka Kaku, Shintaro Kira, Yuki Ikebe, Shotaro Saito, Akira Fukui, Tetsuji Shinohara, Kunio Yufu, Mikiko Nakagawa, Naoki Hijiya, Masatsugu Moriyama, Tatsuo Shimada, Shinji Miyamoto, Naohiko Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), but the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: Using human left atrial appendage (LAA) samples, we examined the interactive relationship between the EAT profile and atrial myocardial fibrosis through histological and biochemical analyses. METHODS: LAA samples were obtained from 59 consecutive AF patients during cardiovascular surgery...
June 13, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907969/physiological-and-behavioural-responses-of-grazing-dairy-cows-to-an-acute-metabolic-challenge
#2
Esther Müller, Andreas Münger, Roi Mandel, Lukas Eggerschwiler, Ann-Catherine Schwinn, Josef J Gross, Rupert M Bruckmaier, H Dieter Hess, Frigga Dohme-Meier
Due to seasonal changes in the quality and quantity of herbage, the nutrient supply to grazing dairy cows is not always sufficient, which may increase their metabolic load. To investigate the temporal pattern of behavioural changes in relation to concomitant metabolic alterations, we subjected 15 multiparous early lactating Holstein dairy cows (24 (SD 7.4) days in milk) to a short-term metabolic challenge, which we provoked by abruptly withdrawing concentrate for 1 week. Cows grazed full-time and were supplemented with concentrate in experimental week (EW) 1 and EW 3, whereas concentrate was withdrawn in EW 2...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907257/social-influence-in-liver-fluke-transmission-application-of-social-network-analysis-of-food-sharing-in-thai-isaan-culture
#3
Waraphon Phimpraphai, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Suwicha Kasemsuwan, Banchob Sripa
In northeastern Thai (Isaan) culture traditional raw fish dishes and raw fish-eating habits are common. Eating and sharing meals together among the community's members, especially relatives and neighbours, are a common practice in both daily life and social gathering events. Fish are a significant protein source and are associated with variety of traditional recipes. Cyprinid fish are one of the most preferred fish by Isaan villagers for daily consumption because they are accessible and affordable. Consumption of these fish probably causes the persistence of high endemicity of human liver fluke infection, particularly with Opisthorchis viverrini, in northeast Thailand...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907256/reservoir-animals-and-their-roles-in-transmission-of-opisthorchis-viverrini
#4
Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Prasarn Tangkawattana
Although any fish-eating mammals could be potential definitive hosts of Opisthorchis viverrini, only a few, especially cats and dogs, are actually known reservoir hosts for this parasite. Both animals usually get infected via consuming raw or undercooked contaminated fish, fish dishes or food remains from households. The infected animals sustain parasite egg spread via open environment defecation. Cats are the most important reservoir with higher prevalence rates of O. viverrini infection than dogs in endemic areas...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907241/eating-habits-and-behaviors-of-older-people-where-are-we-now-and-where-should-we-go
#5
REVIEW
Mary Yannakoulia, Eirini Mamalaki, Costas A Anastasiou, Niki Mourtzi, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Nikolaos Scarmeas
Nutrition is a modifiable factor affecting the quality of life and independence of older people. The physiological, psychological and social changes during aging affect their dietary choices. Many older adults have inadequate energy and protein intake. Carbohydrate intake and intake of total lipids, in terms of contribution to total energy intake, generally are within the recommended levels, but a decline in overall energy intake as well as the limited variety of micronutrient-dense foods that older people tend to consume result in an inadequate intake of several micronutrients...
August 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907143/the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-binge-eating-disorder-and-suicidality
#6
Kristal Lyn Brown, Jessica Gokee LaRose, Briana Mezuk
BACKGROUND: While restrictive and compensatory eating disorders (e.g. anorexia and bulimia) are associated with elevated risk of suicide, less is known about binge eating disorder (BED). There is suggestive evidence of a U-shaped relationship between body mass index (BMI) and completed suicide, but fewer studies on suicidal ideation or attempts. This study examined the association between BED, BMI, and suicidality, and assessed whether these relationships varied by gender. METHODS: Data come from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiologic Surveys (N = 14,497)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906710/a-meta-analysis-of-cytokine-concentrations-in-eating-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Bethan Dalton, Savani Bartholdy, Lauren Robinson, Marco Solmi, Mohammad A A Ibrahim, Gerome Breen, Ulrike Schmidt, Hubertus Himmerich
Cytokines are signalling molecules, which play an important role in both immune system function and brain development and function, and subsequently mental states and behaviour. Cytokines have been implicated in eating disorders (EDs) due to their role in psychological health, body weight and appetite regulation. This meta-analysis examined cross-sectional and longitudinal studies measuring concentrations of cytokines in individuals with EDs. Using PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed relevant articles in PubMed, Web of Science, and MEDLINE...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906489/taste-at-first-person-sight-visual-perspective-modulates-brain-activity-implicitly-associated-with-viewing-unhealthy-but-not-healthy-foods
#8
Frédéric Basso, Olivia Petit, Sophie Le Bellu, Saadi Lahlou, Aïda Cancel, Jean-Luc Anton
Every day, people are exposed to images of appetizing foods that can lead to high-calorie intake and contribute to overweight and obesity. Research has documented that manipulating the visual perspective from which eating is viewed helps resist temptation by altering the appraisal of unhealthy foods. However, the neural basis of this effect has not yet been examined using neuroimaging methods. Moreover, it is not known whether the benefits of this strategy can be observed when people, especially overweight, are not explicitly asked to imagine themselves eating...
June 12, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905537/surgical-treatment-of-bening-esophageal-strictures-after-corrosive-injuries
#9
V Boyko, S Savvi, A Korolevska, V Zhydetskyy, Y Novikov, S Bytiak, D Shuba
The research is based on the results of the examination and treatment of 156 patients who received treatment for extended benign esophageal strictures after corrosive injuries in the department of diseases of the esophagus and the gastrointestinal tract of the State Institution "V. T. Zaitsev Institute of General and Urgent Surgery of NAMS of Ukraine" for the period from 2000 to 2016. Surgical treatment by the developed in our hospital technique performed in the patients of the main group and the classical methods of surgery were used in the patients of comparison group...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905226/the-association-between-dietary-quality-and-overall-and-cancer-specific-mortality-among-cancer-survivors-nhanes-iii
#10
Ashish A Deshmukh, Shervin M Shirvani, Anna Likhacheva, Jagpreet Chhatwal, Elizabeth Y Chiao, Kalyani Sonawane
Given the recent emphasis on the totality of the diet by national guidelines, we examined the relationship between the quality of diet and overall and cancer-specific mortality among cancer survivors. From the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1191 participants diagnosed with cancer were identified. Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores were utilized; higher HEI score indicated better adherence to dietary recommendations. During a median follow-up of 17.2 years, a total of 607 cancer-specific deaths occurred...
April 2018: JNCI cancer spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904842/promoting-healthy-eating-can-help-preventing-migraine-a-real-life-preliminary-study
#11
Claudia Altamura, Giorgia Botti, Matteo Paolucci, Nicoletta Brunelli, Gianluca Cecchi, Manon Khazrai, Fabrizio Vernieri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904648/data-on-social-transmission-of-food-preference-in-a-model-of-autism-induced-by-valproic-acid-and-translational-analysis-of-circulating-microrna
#12
Mauro Mozael Hirsch, Iohanna Deckmann, Mellanie Fontes-Dutra, Guilherme Bauer-Negrini, Gustavo Della-Flora Nunes, Walquiria Nunes, Bruna Rabelo, Rudimar Riesgo, Rogerio Margis, Victorio Bambini-Junior, Carmem Gottfried
This article contains data of Social Transmission of Food Preference in an animal model of autism and the evaluation of a set of microRNA analyzed in autistic patients and animal model of autism. The analyses of the absolute consumption of two flavored food by male rats prenatally exposed to valproic acid (VPA) and treated with resveratrol (RSV), showed that VPA animals show a trend to eat less of the flavored food presented by a demonstrator rat. We also identified 13 microRNA with similar levels among rodents' experimental groups, as well as 11 microRNA with no alterations between autistic and control subjects...
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903846/dietary-patterns-over-time-and-microalbuminuria-in-youth-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-the-search-nutrition-ancillary-study
#13
Tina Costacou, Jamie Crandell, Anna R Kahkoska, Angela D Liese, Dana Dabelea, Jean M Lawrence, David J Pettitt, Kristi Reynolds, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Amy K Mottl
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between diet quality and microalbuminuria in youth-onset type 1 diabetes using three indices: a modified Mediterranean diet score for children and adolescents (mKIDMED), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Youth and young adults from the SEARCH (Search for Diabetes in Youth) Nutrition Ancillary Study diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in 2002-2008, who had repeated dietary assessments at baseline and follow-up visits and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) measured at the outcome visit (2012-2015) ( n = 461), were selected for study...
June 14, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903746/smashing-mantis-shrimp-strategically-impact-shells
#14
R L Crane, S M Cox, S A Kisare, S N Patek
Many predators fracture strong mollusk shells, requiring specialized weaponry and behaviors. The current shell fracture paradigm is based on jaw- and claw-based predators that slowly apply forces (high impulse, low peak force). However, predators also strike shells with transient intense impacts (low impulse, high peak force). Toward the goal of incorporating impact fracture strategies into the prevailing paradigm, we measured how mantis shrimp ( Neogonodactylus bredini ) impact snail shells, tested whether they strike shells in different locations depending on prey shape ( Nerita spp...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903689/interplay-between-epicardial-adipose-tissue-metabolic-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#15
Olga Bornachea, Angela Vea, Vicenta Llorente-Cortes
Cardiovascular disease is the primary cause of death in obese and diabetic patients. In these groups of patients, the alterations of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) contribute to both vascular and myocardial dysfunction. Therefore, it is of clinical interest to determine the mechanisms by which EAT influences cardiovascular disease. Two key factors contribute to the tight intercommunication among EAT, coronary arteries and myocardium. One is the close anatomical proximity between these tissues. The other is the capacity of EAT to secrete cytokines and other molecules with paracrine and vasocrine effects on the cardiovascular system...
June 11, 2018: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903303/-an-intervention-study-of-college-student-dietary-behavior-based-on-the-health-action-process-approach
#16
Chichen Zhang, Xiao Zheng, Huining Zhao, Chunhui Su, Zhiguang Duan, Jianzhong Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a stage-matched intervention study on dietary behavior based on the Health Action Process Approach( HAPA), in order to verify the effectiveness of the intervention on improving the dietary behavior of college students. METHODS: The study recruited 184 medical university 's students who were admitted between 2013 and 2015 from Shanxi, including 37 males and 147 females to participate the intervention of dietary behavioral based on HAPA from October 2015 to May 2016 by method of random sampling...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903224/-consumption-and-constitutional-parameters-of-indefinite-configuration-foods-among-urban-residents-in-shandong-and-jiangsu-provinces
#17
Xiaocheng Li, Yonghua Li, Xiuting Li, Xin Ji, Man Zhang, Zhixu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore consumption situation and composition parameter distribution of indefinite-configuration foods in diets of some urban adult Chinese residents, and establish the parameters databases. METHODS: A total of 1620 adult urban residents were sampled randomly by a multi-stage sampling method from four cities in Jiangsu and Shandong Provinces, and were investigated with a self-made Food Frequency Questionnaire. The moisture content status of indefinite-configuration foods from the market were analysed with the method of China national standards GB 5009...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903178/-breast-milk-composition-and-influencing-factors-of-the-han-bai-and-dai-nationalities-in-yunnan-province-in-2011-2012
#18
Jiang Zhao, Rong Wan, Zhitao Liu, Xiangdong Min, Qingqing Wan, Qiang Zhang, Yuan Ruan, Tongjian Cai
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of breast milk composition and influencing factors of the Han, Bai and Dai nationalities in Yunnan Province from 2010 to 2012. METHODS: To choose two typical ethnic minorities-Bai and Dai in Yunnan province with high density of minorities population by using cross-sectional survey and multi-stage cluster sampling. 1053 aged 0-9 month babies and their healthy mothers with the first delivery of Dai, Bai and Han were selected as samples from Heqing county of Dali and Xishuangbanna city where most population were Bai and Dai people...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902681/motives-for-drinking-alcohol-and-eating-palatable-foods-an-evaluation-of-shared-mechanisms-and-associations-with-drinking-and-binge-eating
#19
Tera L Fazzino, Amani Raheel, Natalie Peppercorn, Kelsie Forbush, Taylor Kirby, Kenneth J Sher, Christie Befort
BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is a high-risk period for heavy drinking and binge eating, both of which can impact weight and lead to obesity. Examining motives for drinking alcohol and eating palatable foods may facilitate a more integrated understanding of these behaviors during the college years. The current study tested whether shared or distinct (i.e., behavior-specific) motivational mechanisms may explain the occurrence of reward-driven drinking and eating in young adults. METHODS: A sample of college freshmen (N = 103) stratified by sex, race/ethnicity, and heavy drinking status were selected to participate...
May 2, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902503/na%C3%A3-ve-models-of-dietary-splurges-beliefs-about-caloric-compensation-and-weight-change-following-non-habitual-overconsumption
#20
Julia D O'Brien, Rachel M Kahn, Zachary Zenko, Jessica R Fernandez, Dan Ariely
The mechanisms that lead to overeating and the consumption of tempting, unhealthy foods have been studied extensively, but the compensatory actions taken afterwards have not. Here we describe the naïve models individuals hold around dietary splurges (single bouts of overeating) and associated weight changes. Across six online experiments, we found that, following a hypothetical dietary splurge, participants did not plan to adequately adjust calorie consumption to account for the additional calories consumed (Studies 1 and 2), and this pattern was worse following hypothetical splurges characterized by a large quantity of food consumed in a single bout (Study 3)...
June 11, 2018: Appetite
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