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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694506/dietary-intake-and-eating-behavior-in-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-users-a-systematic-review
#1
P Silva, S Qadir, A Fernandes, L Bahamondes, J F Peipert
Because of weight gain, women often discontinue hormonal contraception, especially depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA). Our objective was to conduct a systematic review of studies describing dietary intake or eating behavior in DMPA users to understand whether the use of DMPA is associated with changes in dietary habits and behaviors leading to weight gain. We searched the PubMed, POPLINE, CENTRAL Cochrane, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases for reports published in English between 1980 and 2017 examining dietary intake or eating behavior in healthy women in reproductive age and adolescents using DMPA (150 mg/mL)...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694491/multidisciplinary-and-motivational-intervention-for-the-treatment-of-low-income-brazilian-obese-adolescents-pilot-study
#2
Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Ana Lydia Sawaya
OBJECTIVE: To test a multidisciplinary and motivational intervention for the treatment of Brazilian obese and low-income adolescents (Z score>2 BMI-for-age) that used nutritional counseling without dietary control. METHODS: An intervention protocol was developed including periodical nutritional education workshops, individual nutritional counseling guided by the stages of eating behavior of the Trans Theoretical Model of Behavior Change, physical exercise, psychological counseling, recreational activities, and clinical follow-up for 13 months in a sample of 21 adolescents (11-17 years old)...
April 23, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694442/epicardial-and-visceral-adipose-tissue-in-relation-to-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-a-chinese-population
#3
Nang Ei Ei Khaing, Tai E Shyong, Jeannette Lee, Cinnie Yentia Soekojo, Alvin Ng, Rob M Van Dam
BACKGROUND: Body fatness is associated with risk of coronary heart disease and it has been postulated that epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) may have a particularly detrimental effect because of its localized toxic effects. We therefore aimed to examine the association between EAT and coronary artery calcification and compared this with associations for visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and other regional fat depots. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 487 Chinese participants aged 50 years old and above, living in Singapore...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694364/capturing-multi-stage-fuzzy-uncertainties-in-hybrid-system-dynamics-and-agent-based-models-for-enhancing-policy-implementation-in-health-systems-research
#4
Shiyong Liu, Konstantinos P Triantis, Li Zhao, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: In practical research, it was found that most people made health-related decisions not based on numerical data but on perceptions. Examples include the perceptions and their corresponding linguistic values of health risks such as, smoking, syringe sharing, eating energy-dense food, drinking sugar-sweetened beverages etc. For the sake of understanding the mechanisms that affect the implementations of health-related interventions, we employ fuzzy variables to quantify linguistic variable in healthcare modeling where we employ an integrated system dynamics and agent-based model...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693749/randomized-controlled-psychotherapy-trials-in-eating-disorders-improving-their-conduct-interpretation-and-usefulness
#5
Tracey D Wade, Catherine Johnson, Susan M Byrne
BACKGROUND: While randomized controlled trials (RCTs) inform the efficacy and effectiveness of treatments, we need to understand that even RCTs can be associated with sub-optimal execution. This is of special pertinence to eating disorders given the majority of treatment studies involving cognitive behaviour therapy are of poor quality with respect to managing risk of bias adequately. METHODS: The current paper outlines the components of a good RCT for psychotherapy, and examines ways to improve the conduct, interpretation, and usefulness of RCTs...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693747/core-psychopathology-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-network-analysis
#6
Lauren N Forrest, Payton J Jones, Shelby N Ortiz, April R Smith
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive-behavioral theory of eating disorders (EDs) proposes that shape and weight overvaluation are the core ED psychopathology. Core symptoms can be statistically identified using network analysis. Existing ED network studies support that shape and weight overvaluation are the core ED psychopathology, yet no studies have estimated AN core psychopathology and concerns exist about the replicability of network analysis findings. The current study estimated ED symptom networks among people with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) and among a combined group of people with AN and BN...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693735/weight-suppression-and-weight-elevation-are-associated-with-eating-disorder-symptomatology-in-women-age-50-and-older-results-of-the-gender-and-body-image-study
#7
Erica L Goodman, Jessica H Baker, Christine M Peat, Zeynep Yilmaz, Cynthia M Bulik, Hunna J Watson
OBJECTIVE: Weight suppression (WS), the difference between highest past non-pregnancy weight and current weight, predicts negative outcomes in eating disorders, but the impact of WS and related weight constructs are understudied in nonclinical, midlife populations. We examined WS (current weight < highest weight) and weight elevation (WE), the opposite of WS (current weight > lowest weight) and their associations with eating psychopathology in women aged 50+. METHOD: Participants were a community-based sample (N = 1,776, Mage  = 59) who completed demographic and eating psychopathology questions via online survey...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693633/grains-contribute-shortfall-nutrients-and-nutrient-density-to-older-us-adults-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011%C3%A2-2014
#8
Yanni Papanikolaou, Victor L Fulgoni
Previous data demonstrate grain foods contribute shortfall nutrients to the diet of U.S. adults. The 2015⁻2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans have identified several shortfall nutrients in the U.S. population, including fiber, folate, and iron (women only). Intake of some shortfall nutrients can be even lower in older adults. The present analyses determined the contribution of grain foods for energy and nutrients in older U.S. adults and ranked to all other food sources in the American diet. Analyses of grain food sources were conducted using a 24-hour recall in adults (&ge;51 years old; n = 4522) using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011⁻2014...
April 25, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693613/gender-and-body-fat-status-as-predictors-of-parental-feeding-styles-and-children-s-nutritional-knowledge-eating-habits-and-behaviours
#9
Małgorzata Lipowska, Mariusz Lipowski, Paweł Jurek, Anna M Jankowska, Paulina Pawlicka
The home food environment is critically important for the development of children&rsquo;s health-related practices. By managing dietary restrictions, providing nutritional knowledge and demonstrating eating behaviours, parents contribute to children&rsquo;s food preferences and eating patterns. The present study examined nutritional knowledge, eating habits and appetite traits among 387 Polish five-year-old healthy and overfat boys and girls in the context of parental feeding styles and body-fat status...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693592/ethnic-variations-in-psychosocial-and-health-correlates-of-eating-disorders
#10
Shervin Assari, Mariana R DeFreitas
The aim of this study is to explore ethnic variations in psychosocial and health correlates of eating disorders in the United States, Specifically, we compared associations between gender, socioeconomic status (SES), body mass index (BMI), physical and mental self-rated health (SRH), and major depressive disorder (MDD) with eating disorders (EDs) across 10 different ethnic groups in the United States. Data was obtained from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), a national household probability sample collected in 2001⁻2003...
April 25, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693037/food-label-reading-read-before-you-eat
#11
Raksha Goyal, Neeta Deshmukh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692896/literary-reading-and-eating-disorders-survey-evidence-of-therapeutic-help-and-harm
#12
Emily T Troscianko
Background: There is growing evidence for the efficacy of self-help bibliotherapy as a treatment for eating disorders, although little understanding of how specific linguistic characteristics may enhance or constrain its effects. Meanwhile, 'creative bibliotherapy' (the therapeutic use of fiction, poetry, or sometimes film, rather than self-help books) is widely practised, but even more poorly understood than the self-help variety: although a range of theoretical models exist, claims of the healing power of literature are far more commonly made than tested...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692791/effects-of-wx-and-its-interaction-with-ssiii-2-on-rice-eating-and-cooking-qualities
#13
Bowen Yang, Shunju Xu, Liang Xu, Hui You, Xunchao Xiang
The Wx gene encodes a granule-bound starch synthase (GBSS) and plays a key role in determining rice eating and cooking qualities (ECQs). SSIII-2 (SSIIIa), a member of the soluble starch synthases, is responsible for the synthesis of long chains of amylopectin. To investigate the effects of Wx and its interaction with SSIII-2 on grain ECQs, a population from a hybrid combination was established as a research material. The genotypes of SSIII-2 and the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on intron1, exon6, and exon10 of Wx , and the physicochemical indicators and rapid visco analyzer (RVA) profile characteristics were analyzed...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692764/the-virome-and-its-major-component-anellovirus-a-convoluted-system-molding-human-immune-defenses-and-possibly-affecting-the-development-of-asthma-and-respiratory-diseases-in-childhood
#14
REVIEW
Giulia Freer, Fabrizio Maggi, Massimo Pifferi, Maria E Di Cicco, Diego G Peroni, Mauro Pistello
The microbiome, a thriving and complex microbial community colonizing the human body, has a broad impact on human health. Colonization is a continuous process that starts very early in life and occurs thanks to shrewd strategies microbes have evolved to tackle a convoluted array of anatomical, physiological, and functional barriers of the human body. Cumulative evidence shows that viruses are part of the microbiome. This part, called virome, has a dynamic composition that reflects what we eat, how and where we live, what we do, our genetic background, and other unpredictable variables...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691969/obesity-and-the-food-system-transformation-in-latin-america
#15
REVIEW
B M Popkin, T Reardon
The Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region faces a major diet-related health problem accompanied by enormous economic and social costs. The shifts in diet are profound: major shifts in intake of less-healthful low-nutrient-density foods and sugary beverages, changes in away-from-home eating and snacking and rapid shifts towards very high levels of overweight and obesity among all ages along with, in some countries, high burdens of stunting. Diet changes have occurred in parallel to, and in two-way causality with, changes in the broad food system - the set of supply chains from farms, through midstream segments of processing, wholesale and logistics, to downstream segments of retail and food service (restaurants and fast food chains)...
April 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691947/using-bivariate-latent-basis-growth-curve-analysis-to-better-understand-treatment-outcome-in-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa
#16
Catherine E Byrne, Joseph A Wonderlich, Timothy Curby, Sarah Fischer, James Lock, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relation between eating-related obsessionality and weight restoration utilizing bivariate latent basis growth curve modelling. Eating-related obsessionality is a moderator of treatment outcome for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). This study examined the degree to which the rate of change in eating-related obsessionality was associated with the rate of change in weight over time in family-based treatment (FBT) and individual therapy for AN. METHOD: Data were drawn from a 2-site randomized controlled trial that compared FBT and adolescent focused therapy for AN...
April 25, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691719/identification-of-characteristic-aroma-compounds-in-raw-and-thermally-processed-african-giant-snail-achatina-fulica
#17
Ola Lasekan, Megala Muniady, Mee Lin, Fatma Dabaj
BACKGROUND: Food flavor appreciation is one of the first signals along with food appearance and texture encountered by consumers during eating of food. Also, it is well known that flavor can strongly influence consumer's acceptability judgment. The increase in the consumption of snail meat across the world calls for the need to research into the aroma compounds responsible for the distinctive aroma notes of processed snail meat. RESULTS: The odorants responsible for the unique aroma notes in thermally processed giant African snail meats were evaluated by means of aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA), gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) and odor activity values (OAVs) respectively...
April 24, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691702/nutritional-composition-of-the-diet-of-the-northern-yellow-cheeked-crested-gibbon-nomascus-annamensis-in-northeastern-cambodia
#18
Naven Hon, Alison M Behie, Jessica M Rothman, Ken G Ryan
This study measured the nutritional composition of foods consumed by the northern yellow-cheeked crested gibbon (Nomascus annamensis) in northeastern Cambodia. One group of N. annamensis was studied, and focal animal sampling was used to observe their feeding behavior. The study was conducted for 4 months (January-April 2015) in the dry season and 69 foods were collected for nutritional analyses. N. annamensis fed on 37 plant species, but only seven species made up more than 80% of feeding time. N. annamensis spent the majority of their time feeding on fruit (60...
April 24, 2018: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691695/-erratum-to-voluntary-stopping-eating-and-drinking-vsed-a-position-paper-of-the-austrian-palliative-society
#19
Angelika Feichtner, Dietmar Weixler, Alois Birklbauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691605/social-reinforcement-as-alternative-to-sucrose-reinforcement-is-increased-by-nicotine-and-methylphenidate-in-male-fischer-344-rats
#20
Connor D Martin, Heather M Bool, Anthony M George, Katelyn A Carr, Leonard H Epstein, Larry W Hawk, Jerry B Richards
BACKGROUND: Stimulant drugs such as nicotine (NIC) and methylphenidate (MPH) are hypothesized to increase the reinforcing value of sensory stimuli, thus increasing the effectiveness of such reinforcers as alternatives to sucrose reinforcers. METHODS: Inbred Fischer-344 rats (n = 30) were assigned to three groups: saline (SAL; n = 10), nicotine (NIC; n = 10), or methylphenidate (MPH; n = 10). Testing was done in three phases: sucrose only, (SUC), sucrose and drug (SUC/DRUG), and sucrose, drug, and social reinforcement (SUC/DRUG/SOC)...
April 24, 2018: Psychopharmacology
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