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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231666/-an-outbreak-of-paratyphoid-fever-in-a-county-of-yunnan-province-2010-2011
#1
S K Wang, Z G Wang, X H Zhang, B Yang, Q Wu, B Kan, Y H Zhou, R S Yang, M Y Yan
Objective: To identify the source and to comment on control program regarding an outbreak of paratyphoid A fever in a county, through field studies. Methods: Descriptive epidemiological methods were adopted to describe the epidemiological characteristics of the outbreak, which occurred in Yuanjiang county, Yunan province between 2010-2011, China. Case-control study with environmental investigation was performed to identify related risk factors and pathogens while isolation and susceptibility on the suspected pathogens were conducted...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231180/evolution-of-the-maillard-reaction-in-glutamine-or-arginine-dextrinomaltose-model-systems
#2
Silvia Pastoriza, José Ángel Rufián-Henares, Belén García-Villanova, Eduardo Guerra-Hernández
Enteral formulas are foods designed for medical uses to feed patients who are unable to eat normally. They are prepared by mixing proteins, amino acids, carbohydrates and fats and submitted to sterilization. During thermal treatment, the Maillard reaction takes place through the reaction of animo acids with reducing sugars. Thus, although glutamine and arginine are usually added to improve the nutritional value of enteral formulas, their final concentration may vary. Thus, in the present paper the early, intermediate, and advanced states of the Maillard reaction were studied in model systems by measuring loss of free amino acids through the decrease of fluorescence intensity with o-phtaldialdehyde (OPA), 5-Hydroximethylfurfural (HMF), furfural, glucosylisomaltol, fluorescence, and absorbance at 420 nm...
December 7, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231165/seafood-safety-and-quality-the-consumer-s-role
#3
Doris T Hicks
All the good news about seafood-the health and nutritional benefits, the wide varieties and flavors-has had a positive effect on consumption: people are eating more seafood (http://www.seagrant.sunysb.edu/seafood/pdfs/SeafoodSavvy.pdf). Yet consumers want to be assured that seafood is as safe as, or safer to eat than, other foods. When you hear "seafood safety", think of a safety net designed to protect you, the consumer, from food-borne illness. Every facet of the seafood industry, from harvester to consumer, plays a role in holding up the safety net...
October 28, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231152/antimicrobial-active-packaging-including-chitosan-films-with-thymus-vulgaris-l-essential-oil-for-ready-to-eat-meat
#4
Jesús Quesada, Esther Sendra, Casilda Navarro, Estrella Sayas-Barberá
An active packaging system has been designed for the shelf life extension of ready to eat meat products. The package included an inner surface coated with a chitosan film with thyme essential oil (0%, 0.5%, 1%, and 2%) not in direct contact with the meat. Our aim was to reduce the impact of thyme essential oil (EO) on meat sensory properties by using a chemotype with low odor intensity. The pH, color parameters, microbial populations, and sensory properties were assessed during 4 weeks of refrigerated storage...
August 29, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231148/potential-use-of-gamma-irradiated-ethnic-ready-to-eat-foods-to-improve-the-nutritional-status-of-landslide-victims
#5
REVIEW
Zubaidah Irawati Koenari, Carmen M Siagian, Bona Simanungkalit, Asti Nilatany, Indra Mustika Pratama, Deudeu Lasmawati, Cecep M Nurcahya
The safety and high quality of ethnic ready-to-eat foods as a source of nourishment and food supplies chain to the remote areas become particularly important. Consuming healthy and balanced nutritional foods means eating better quality foods in proper quantities. Such foods can be developed through a preservation technique by using ionizing radiation. Although implementation of the technology for certain foodstuffs has been implemented in some countries, application of the process to a complete set of meals for selected target groups is still very limited...
July 26, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231135/changes-in-food-intake-in-australia-comparing-the-1995-and-2011-national-nutrition-survey-results-disaggregated-into-basic-foods
#6
Bradley Ridoutt, Danielle Baird, Kathryn Bastiaans, Gilly Hendrie, Malcolm Riley, Peerasak Sanguansri, Julie Syrette, Manny Noakes
As nations seek to address obesity and diet-related chronic disease, understanding shifts in food intake over time is an imperative. However, quantifying intake of basic foods is not straightforward because of the diversity of raw and cooked wholefoods, processed foods and mixed dishes actually consumed. In this study, data from the Australian national nutrition surveys of 1995 and 2011, each involving more than 12,000 individuals and covering more than 4500 separate foods, were coherently disaggregated into basic foods, with cooking and processing factors applied where necessary...
May 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231134/motivations-for-food-consumption-during-specific-eating-occasions-in-turkey
#7
Delores Chambers, Uyen T X Phan, Sirichat Chanadang, Curtis Maughan, Karolina Sanchez, Brizio Di Donfrancesco, David Gomez, Federica Higa, Han Li, Edgar Chambers, Eyyup Esen
Several studies in different countries have been conducted to investigate factors affecting food choices. The objective of this study was to understand the motivations of specific food and beverage choices for different eating occasions in a typical diet of the Turkish people. A convenience sample of 141 respondents from seven different geographical regions in Turkey completed an online survey questionnaire that included questions about demographic information and details about their latest eating occasion...
May 24, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231132/preparation-of-a-breadfruit-flour-bar
#8
Carmen L Nochera, Diane Ragone
Breadfruit is a nutritious, high energy food with a low quantity of protein but excellent protein quality. It has the potential to be developed into desired products which will help increase its utilization and add value to the crop. The overall purposes of this investigation were to develop a portable, nutritious, ready-to-eat breadfruit product (bar), test the sensory qualities of the product, and evaluate the nutritional properties of the product. Flour made from the Micronesian variety, Meinpadahk (Artocarpus altilis × Artocarpus mariannensis), was utilized for the development of the breadfruit bar...
May 20, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231065/exposure-of-children-to-phthalates-and-the-impact-of-consumer-practices-in-slovakia
#9
Miroslava Šidlovská, Ida Petrovičová, Branislav Kolena, Tomáš Pilka, Eva Šovčíková, Tomáš Trnovec
Phthalates are environmental pollutants that can enter the human body by ingestion, inhalation and dermal absorption. Food constitutes the most important source of human exposure to these chemicals. The aim of our study was the biological monitoring of exposure to eight phthalate metabolites in children (n=107), 10-12 years of age, living in eastern Slovakia. Additionally, we analysed some associations between anthropometric measures, questionnaire data (i.e. eating and drinking habits, practice of personal care products) and concentrations of phthalate metabolites...
February 23, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230911/interventions-to-reduce-the-stigma-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Joanna R Doley, Laura M Hart, Arthur A Stukas, Katja Petrovic, Ayoub Bouguettaya, Susan J Paxton
Stigma is a problem for individuals with eating disorders (EDs), forming a barrier to disclosure and help-seeking. Interventions to reduce ED stigma may help remove these barriers; however, it is not known which strategies (e.g., explaining etiology to reduce blame, contact with a person with an ED, or educating about ED) are effective in reducing stigma and related outcomes. This review described effectiveness of intervention strategies, and identified gaps in the literature. A search of four databases was performed using the terms (eating disorder* OR bulimi* OR anorexi* OR binge-eating disorder) AND (stigma* OR stereotyp* OR beliefs OR negative attitudes) AND (program OR experiment OR intervention OR education), with additional texts sought through LISTSERVs...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230907/estrogenic-suppression-of-binge-like-eating-elicited-by-cyclic-food-restriction-and-frustrative-nonreward-stress-in-female-rats
#11
Maria Vittoria Micioni Di Bonaventura, Thomas A Lutz, Adele Romano, Mariangela Pucci, Nori Geary, Lori Asarian, Carlo Cifani
Because binge eating and emotional eating vary through the menstrual cycle in human females, we investigated cyclic changes in binge-like eating in female rats and their control by estrogens. Binge-like eating was elicited by three cycles of 4 days of food restriction and 4 days of free feeding followed by a single frustrative nonreward-stress episode (15 min visual and olfactory exposure to a familiar palatable food) immediately before presentation of the palatable food. Intact rats showed binge-like eating during the diestrous and proestrous phases of the ovarian cycle, but not during the estrous (periovulatory) phase...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230903/-evidence-based-medicine-in-eating-disorders-research-the-problem-of-confetti-p-values
#12
Helena Chmura Kraemer
Eating disorders hold a unique place among mental health disorders, in that salient symptoms can be objectively observed and measured rather than determined only from patient interviews or subjective evaluations. Because of this measurement advantage alone, evidence-based medicine would be expected there to make the most rapid strides. However, conclusions in Eating Disorders research, as in all medical research literature, often continue to be misleading or ambiguous. One major and long-known source of such problems is the misuse and misinterpretation of "statistical significance", with "p values" strewn throughout research papers like so much confetti, a problem that has become systemic, that is, enforced, rather than corrected, by the peer-review system...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230731/certain-grain-foods-can-be-meaningful-contributors-to-nutrient-density-in-the-diets-of-u-s-children-and-adolescents-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2012
#13
Yanni Papanikolaou, Victor L Fulgoni
Grain foods may play an important role in delivering nutrients to the diet of children and adolescents. The present study determined grain food sources of energy/nutrients in U.S. children and adolescents using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012. Analyses of grain food sources were conducted using a 24-h recall in participants 2-18 years old (N = 6109). Sources of nutrients contained in grain foods were determined using U.S. Department of Agriculture nutrient composition databases and excluded mixed dishes...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229895/impulse-control-disorders-and-levodopa-induced-dyskinesias-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-update
#14
REVIEW
Valerie Voon, T Celeste Napier, Michael J Frank, Veronique Sgambato-Faure, Anthony A Grace, Maria Rodriguez-Oroz, Jose Obeso, Erwan Bezard, Pierre-Olivier Fernagut
Dopaminergic medications used in the treatment of patients with Parkinson's disease are associated with motor and non-motor behavioural side-effects, such as dyskinesias and impulse control disorders also known as behavioural addictions. Levodopa-induced dyskinesias occur in up to 80% of patients with Parkinson's after a few years of chronic treatment. Impulse control disorders, including gambling disorder, binge eating disorder, compulsive sexual behaviour, and compulsive shopping occur in about 17% of patients with Parkinson's disease on dopamine agonists...
March 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229637/a-simple-standard-technique-for-labyrinthectomy-in-the-rat-a-methodical-communication-with-a-detailed-description-of-the-surgical-process
#15
G L Nádasy, G Raffai, E Fehér, G Schaming, E Monos
Aims Labyrinthectomized rats are suitable models to test consequences of vestibular lesion and are widely used to study neural plasticity. We describe a combined microsurgical-chemical technique that can be routinely performed with minimum damage. Methods Caudal leaflet of the parotis is elevated. The tendinous fascia covering the bulla is opened frontally from the sternomastoid muscle's tendon while sparing facial nerve branches. A 4 mm diameter hole is drilled into the bulla's hind lower lateral wall to open the common (in rodents) mastoid-tympanic cavity...
September 2016: Physiol Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229553/chronotype-differences-in-timing-of-energy-and-macronutrient-intakes-a-population-based-study-in-adults
#16
Mirkka Maukonen, Noora Kanerva, Timo Partonen, Erkki Kronholm, Heli Tapanainen, Jukka Kontto, Satu Männistö
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between chronotype and timing of energy and macronutrient intakes in adults. METHODS: The study sample included 1,854 participants from the National FINRISK 2007 and FINDIET 2007 studies, aged 25 to 74 years. Diet was assessed with 48-hour dietary recalls. Chronotype was assessed with a shortened version of Horne and Östberg's Morningness-eveningness Questionnaire. Associations between chronotype and intakes of energy and macronutrients in the morning (by 10 am) and in the evening (after 8 pm) were analyzed with linear regression and ANOVA followed by Bonferroni post hoc test...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229540/introduction-to-special-issue-self-regulation-of-appetite-it-s-complicated
#17
Deborah Young-Hyman
OBJECTIVE: A meeting of multidisciplinary biobehavioral scientists and National Institutes of Health (NIH) program staff was convened by the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, Division of Program Coordination, Planning, and Strategic Initiatives, Office of the Director, NIH to examine mechanisms associated with humans' ability to self-regulate appetite and appetitive behavior. METHODS: Based upon prior discussions of the NIH Obesity Research Task Force Behavioral Phenotyping Work Group, the premise was adopted that, in modern society, multiple factors on multiple levels interact to create circumstances wherein self-control of appetite is difficult, leading to overconsumption of unhealthy foods versus healthy eating patterns, contributing to our current levels of obesity...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229539/appetite-self-regulation-environmental-and-policy-influences-on-eating-behaviors
#18
Marlene B Schwartz, David R Just, Jamie F Chriqui, Alice S Ammerman
OBJECTIVE: Appetite regulation is influenced by the environment, and the environment is shaped by food-related policies. This review summarizes the environment and policy research portion of an NIH Workshop (Bethesda, MD, 2015) titled "Self-Regulation of Appetite-It's Complicated." METHODS: In this paper, we begin by making the case for why policy is an important tool in efforts to improve nutrition, and we introduce an ecological framework that illustrates the multiple layers that influence what people eat...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229538/biological-control-of-appetite-a-daunting-complexity
#19
Paul S MacLean, John E Blundell, Julie A Mennella, Rachel L Batterham
OBJECTIVE: This review summarizes a portion of the discussions of an NIH Workshop (Bethesda, MD, 2015) titled "Self-Regulation of Appetite-It's Complicated," which focused on the biological aspects of appetite regulation. METHODS: This review summarizes the key biological inputs of appetite regulation and their implications for body weight regulation. RESULTS: These discussions offer an update of the long-held, rigid perspective of an "adipocentric" biological control, taking a broader view that also includes important inputs from the digestive tract, from lean mass, and from the chemical sensory systems underlying taste and smell...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229356/symptoms-of-swallowing-anxiety-in-panic-disorder-patients-and-associated-psychopathologic-factors
#20
Ersin Budak, İbrahim Taymur, Sinay Önen, Bilgen Biçer Kanat, Önder Akdeniz, Hakan Demirci
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate symptoms of swallowing difficulty in Panic Disorder (PD) patients and the factors associated with these symptoms. METHODS: In the pre-phase of the study, 22 PD patients who were treated in psychiatry outpatient clinics and who were found to have swallowing difficulty were evaluated. PD patients were asked to write about their thoughts, feelings and behaviors associated with swallowing difficulty. Later, these texts were examined and 41 expressions were identified in which patients described their swallowing difficulty...
February 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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