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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545185/the-ability-of-the-eating-assessment-tool-10-to-detect-aspiration-in-patients-with-neurological-disorders
#1
Selen Serel Arslan, Numan Demir, Hasan E Kılınç, Aynur A Karaduman
Background/Aims: Dysphagia is common in patients with neurological disorders. There is a need to identify patients at risk early by a useful clinical tool to prevent its serious complications. The study aims to determine the ability of the Eating Assessment Tool-10 (EAT-10) to detect aspiration in patients with neurological disorders. Methods: Two hundred fifty-nine patients with neurological disorders who had complaints about swallowing difficulty and referred for a swallowing evaluation were included...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545141/prion-pathogenesis-is-unaltered-in-the-absence-of-sirp%C3%AE-mediated-don-t-eat-me-signaling
#2
Mario Nuvolone, Marta Paolucci, Silvia Sorce, Veronika Kana, Rita Moos, Takashi Matozaki, Adriano Aguzzi
Prion diseases are neurodegenerative conditions caused by misfolding of the prion protein, leading to conspicuous neuronal loss and intense microgliosis. Recent experimental evidence point towards a protective role of microglia against prion-induced neurodegeneration, possibly through elimination of prion-containing apoptotic bodies. The molecular mechanisms by which microglia recognize and eliminate apoptotic cells in the context of prion diseases are poorly defined. Here we investigated the possible involvement of signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα), a key modulator of host cell phagocytosis; SIRPα is encoded by the Sirpa gene that is genetically linked to the prion gene Prnp...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544668/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Melanie Brown, Lauren Robinson, Giovanna Cristina Campione, Kelsey Wuensch, Tom Hildebrandt, Nadia Micali
Intolerance of uncertainty is an empirically supported transdiagnostic construct that may have relevance in understanding eating disorders. We conducted a meta-analysis and systematic review of intolerance of uncertainty in eating disorders using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We calculated random-effects standardised mean differences (SMD) for studies utilising the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IUS) and summarised additional studies descriptively...
May 23, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544267/genetic-variation-within-species-and-haplotypes-of-the-wiseana-lepidoptera-hepialidae-complex-and-development-of-non-sequenced-based-identification-tools-to-aid-field-studies
#4
Nicola K Richards, Sarah Mansfield, Richard J Townsend, Colin M Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Porina is the common name used to describe moths and caterpillars of the seven endemic species and three haplotypes of Wiseana in New Zealand. Several species have adapted to eating introduced pasture plants, however a paucity of defining morphological characteristics has meant that porina are grouped as indistinguishable species within a complex. This study aimed to develop non-sequencing identification methods for porina species. RESULTS: We sequenced 1, 718 bp of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase genes for all Wiseana species and haplotypes using 75 specimens collected from 42 sites throughout New Zealand...
May 22, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544135/understanding-food-vulnerability-and-health-literacy-in-older-bereaved-men-a-qualitative-study
#5
Jill Thompson, Angela Tod, Paul Bissell, Michael Bond
BACKGROUND: Older people are sometimes challenged in maintaining a healthy diet but, because of age and disadvantage, are also more vulnerable to the adverse health consequences of poor nutrition. It has been claimed that older adults have low levels of health literacy regarding food and struggle to discern which foods are healthy from the vast range available in developed counties (Br Herne 1995;97:12). However, nutrition and eating behaviour are modifiable risk factors for health in old age (Appl Physiol Nutr Keller 2007;32:991) and health benefits can accrue from promoting healthy eating later in life...
May 24, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543989/brain-structural-alterations-in-obese-children-with-and-without-prader-willi-syndrome
#6
Mingze Xu, Yi Zhang, Karen M von Deneen, Huaiqiu Zhu, Jia-Hong Gao
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic imprinting disorder that is mainly characterized by hyperphagia and childhood obesity. Previous neuroimaging studies revealed that there is a significant difference in brain activation patterns between obese children with and without PWS. However, whether there are differences in the brain structure of obese children with and without PWS remains elusive. In the current study, we used T1-weighted and diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging to investigate alterations in the brain structure, such as the cortical volume and white matter integrity, in relation to this eating disorder in 12 children with PWS, 18 obese children without PWS (OB) and 18 healthy controls...
May 23, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543865/adapting-the-eating-disorder-examination-for-use-during-pregnancy-preliminary-results-from-a-community-sample-of-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#7
Rebecca L Emery, Jennifer L Grace, Rachel P Kolko, Michele D Levine
OBJECTIVE: The Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) is a structured clinical interview that is widely used for assessing disordered eating. Although the EDE has been used in pregnant women, no standard pregnancy version has been developed. Accordingly, the present study aimed to document adaptations made to a pregnancy version of the EDE (EDE-PV) and to describe the internal reliability of this adapted version. METHOD: Three major modifications were made in the development of the EDE-PV...
May 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543269/building-expert-agreement-on-the-importance-and-feasibility-of-workplace-health-promotion-interventions-for-nurses-and-midwives-a-modified-delphi-consultation
#8
Lin Perry, Rachel Nicholls, Christine Duffield, Robyn Gallagher
AIM: To use a Delphi panel to determine the relative importance and feasibility of workplace health promotion interventions to promote and support the health of the Australian nursing and midwifery workforce BACKGROUND: The nursing workforce experiences rates of ill health above that of other workforces yet there is little investment in workplace health promotion. DESIGN: The study used a modified Delphi design conducted between September - November 2015. METHODS: Eleven of 19 purposively selected expert panellists discussed, rated and provided feedback through two rounds of an electronic questionnaire about the relative importance and feasibility of 46 workplace health promotion interventions and processes for nurses and midwives...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543087/death-due-to-complications-of-bowel-obstruction-following-raw-poppy-seed-ingestion
#9
Leah M Schuppener, Robert F Corliss
Eating poppy seeds can cause a positive urine drug screen, but it is unknown whether ingesting large quantities can result in opiate intoxication or toxicity. A 54-year-old woman with intractable vomiting was found unresponsive at home and later pronounced dead. At autopsy, a cast-like large bowel obstruction composed of poppy seeds was identified. Postmortem blood morphine level was < 10 ng/mL. Cause of death was determined to be complications of a bowel obstruction secondary to poppy seed ingestion. Deaths related to eating poppy seeds have not been described in the literature...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542783/risk-of-eating-disorders-in-immigrant-populations
#10
L Mustelin, A M Hedman, L M Thornton, R Kuja-Halkola, A Keski-Rahkonen, E Cantor-Graae, C Almqvist, A Birgegård, P Lichtenstein, P B Mortensen, C B Pedersen, C M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: The risk of certain psychiatric disorders is elevated among immigrants. To date, no population studies on immigrant health have addressed eating disorders. We examined whether risk of eating disorders in first- and second-generation immigrants differs from native-born Danes and Swedes. METHOD: All individuals born 1984-2002 (Danish cohort) and 1989-1999 (Swedish cohort) and residing in the respective country on their 10th birthday were included. They were followed up for the development of eating disorders based on out-patient and in-patient data...
May 19, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542615/taking-dietary-habits-into-account-a-computational-method-for-modeling-food-choices-that-goes-beyond-price
#11
Rahmatollah Beheshti, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Takeru Igusa
Computational models have gained popularity as a predictive tool for assessing proposed policy changes affecting dietary choice. Specifically, they have been used for modeling dietary changes in response to economic interventions, such as price and income changes. Herein, we present a novel addition to this type of model by incorporating habitual behaviors that drive individuals to maintain or conform to prior eating patterns. We examine our method in a simulated case study of food choice behaviors of low-income adults in the US...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542555/parenting-styles-feeding-styles-and-food-related-parenting-practices-in-relation-to-toddlers-eating-styles-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#12
Klazine van der Horst, Ester F C Sleddens
INTRODUCTION: Toddlers' eating behaviors are influenced by the way parents interact with their children. The objective of this study was to explore how five major constructs of general parenting behavior cluster in parents of toddlers. These parenting clusters were further explored to see how they differed in the use of feeding strategies (i.e. feeding styles and food parenting practices) and by reported child eating styles. METHODS: An online survey with 1005 mothers/caregivers (legal guardians) with at least one child between 12 and 36 months old was conducted in the United States in 2012, assessing general parenting behavior, feeding style, food parenting practices and the child eating styles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542431/the-mediating-role-of-rumination-in-the-relation-between-attentional-bias-towards-thin-female-bodies-and-eating-disorder-symptomatology
#13
Laura Dondzilo, Elizabeth Rieger, Romina Palermo, Susan Byrne, Jason Bell
The present study sought to investigate the association between selective attentional processing of body images, rumination, and eating disorder symptoms in young women. Seventy-three undergraduate female students (ages 17-24) completed a modified dot-probe task to assess whether young women showed a differential attentional bias pattern towards thin and non-thin female bodies. Participants also completed self-report measures of eating disorder pathology. It was found that increased reports of dietary restraint and body dissatisfaction were associated with both greater attentional bias towards thin bodies and avoidance of non-thin bodies (as compared to neutral images), although the former relationship was stronger than the latter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542399/cost-effectiveness-of-a-school-based-health-promotion-program-in-canada-a-life-course-modeling-approach
#14
John Paul Ekwaru, Arto Ohinmaa, Bach Xuan Tran, Solmaz Setayeshgar, Jeffrey A Johnson, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: The Alberta Project Promoting active Living and healthy Eating in Schools (APPLE Schools) has been recognized as a "best practice" in preventing childhood obesity. To inform decision making on the economic implications of APPLE Schools and to justify investment, we evaluated the project's cost-effectiveness following a life-course approach. METHODS: We developed a state transition model for the lifetime progression of body weight status comparing elementary school students attending APPLE Schools and control schools...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542079/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-risk-of-gastric-cancer-results-of-a-case-control-study-in-italy
#15
Jovana Stojanovic, Luca Giraldi, Dario Arzani, Roberta Pastorino, Alberto Biondi, Roberto Persiani, Stefania Boccia, Emanuele Leoncini
The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between adherence to Mediterranean diet (MD) and gastric cancer (GC). A case-control study was carried out at the Fondazione Policlinico 'A. Gemelli' (Rome, Italy) from 2003 to 2015. A total of 223 incident cases and 223 controls were interviewed. Dietary intake was assessed through a validated food frequency questionnaire that collected information on more than 25 food items. The association between adherence to MD and risk of GC was quantified by calculating Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541768/sex-differences-in-the-presentation-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-a-community-sample-of-adolescents
#16
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The current study sought to explore sex differences in the presentation of probable full-syndrome and subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents from an Australian community sample. Specifically, it examined sex differences in the types of BDD symptoms endorsed, body areas of concern, and the association with elevated symptoms of comorbid disorders. In male participants, it also compared the presenting features of those with and without muscle dysmorphia. Of 3,149 adolescents assessed using self-report questionnaires, 162 (5...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540530/voice-outcomes-in-surgical-repair-of-zenker-s-diverticulum
#17
Stephen Schoeff, Michael Freeman, James Daniero
The purpose of the study was to define the impact of Zenker's diverticula on voice and potential benefit from repair. Retrospective chart review of prospectively collected data from eleven patients with a Zenker's diverticulum treated surgically in a tertiary care center from November 2014 through January 2016. The voice handicap index-10 (VHI-10) and eating assessment tool-10 (EAT-10) questionnaires were collected as part of pre- and post-operative evaluation, with an average post-operative follow-up of 69 days...
May 25, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540434/the-psychosocial-burden-of-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-evidence-for-persisting-difficulties-in-boys-and-girls
#18
Lisa Y Gibson, Karina L Allen, Elizabeth Davis, Eve Blair, Stephen R Zubrick, Susan M Byrne
There is evidence that overweight and obese children tend to remain overweight or obese into adolescence and adulthood. However, little is known about the long-term psychosocial outcomes of childhood overweight and obesity. This study aimed to investigate the course of psychosocial difficulties over a 2-year period for children who were overweight or obese at baseline, and a sample of children who were a healthy weight at baseline. Participants were 212 children aged 8 to 13 years at baseline, who were participating in the Childhood Growth and Development (GAD) Study...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540265/nonylphenol-in-human-breast-milk-in-relation-to-sociodemographic-variables-diet-obstetrics-histories-and-lifestyle-habits-in-a-turkish-population
#19
Sengul Sise, Cevdet Uguz
BACKGROUND: Human breast milk is the most important food for infants and one of the main roads to exposure to toxic substances. In this study, nonylphenol (NP) levels in human milk samples collected from Turkish mothers (n=100) were determined, and the factors including mothers' demographics, eating habits, obstetric histories, and usage of cleaning and cosmetic products were examined. METHODS: Participants were mothers of randomly selected infants and toddlers from the Primary Health Care Center Number-8 in Afyonkarahisar City in western Turkey...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539903/psychometric-properties-of-the-german-translated-version-and-adaptation-of-the-food-craving-inventory
#20
Ernesto Tarragon, Jakob Stein, Jobst Meyer
Dysfunctional eating behavior is a major risk factor for developing all sorts of eating disorders. Food craving is a concept that may help to understand better why and how these and other eating disorders become chronic conditions through non homeastatically-driven mechanisms. As obesity affects people worldwide, cultural differences must be acknowledged to apply proper therapeutic strategies. In this work, we adapted the Food Craving Inventory (FCI) to the German population. We performed a factor analysis of an adaptation of the original FCI in a sample of 326 men and women...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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