keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Joint infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731488/contamination-risk-of-synovial-biopsy-cultures-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-prospective-review-of-100-cases
#1
Christophe Pattyn, Thomas De Bo, Joris Anthonissen, Philippe Willekens, Geert Claeys, Emmanuel A Audenaert
INTRODUCTION: Cultures of deep synovial biopsies remain an important tool in diagnosing periprosthetic joint infection, a devastating complication following total hip arthroplasty (THA). Recent reports of unexpected positive intraoperative cultures in aseptic revision arthroplasty, however, challenge the validity and interpretation of these cultures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the contamination risk of synovial biopsy cultures collected intraoperatively during primary THA of healthy subjects...
July 19, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730548/orthopedic-infections-caused-by-obligatory-anaerobic-gram-negative-rods-report-of-two-cases
#2
Marta Kierzkowska, Piotr Pedzisz, Ireneusz Babiak, Jakub Janowicz, Mateusz Kulig, Anna Majewska, Anna Sawicka-Grzelak, Grazyna Mlynarczyk
Anaerobic bone and joint infections are uncommon, although the number of anaerobic infections is presumably underestimated because of difficulties with isolation and identification of obligate anaerobes. This study describes two cases of complicated Bacteroides fragilis peri-implant infection of the lumbar spine, infection of the hip and osteomyelitis. Bacteria were identified with the use of a mass spectrometer, VITEK MS system. Drug susceptibility was performed with the use of E-test. The EUCAST breakpoints were used for interpretation with B...
July 20, 2017: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728303/-enhancing-soft-tissue-reattachment-with-artificial-mesh-in-joint-endoprosthetic-reconstruction-for-bone-tumors
#3
J S Lin, R Chen, W Yan, D D Chen
Objective: To investigate the operative method and clinical application of the BARD(®) Mesh in enhancing joint stability and function of endoprosthetic reconstruction for bone tumors. Methods: From Jan 2013 to Jun 2015, the clinical data of 51 patients aged (44.75±23.18) years underwent wide resection of tumor and endoprosthetic reconstruction using the BARD(®) Mesh were collected. Among them, 27 were male and 24 were female. The surgical treatments received by these patients included 5 shoulder arthroplasties, 12 elbow replacements, 12 hip replacements and 32 knee replacements (including 24 femoral tumors and 8 tibial tumors)...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727658/white-cell-and-marrow-imaging-subtracting-uncertainty
#4
Chelsey Turner, Alison A Bolster, Carolyn L Paterson, Hugh J Wallace
A subtraction method for assessments of dual-isotope indium-111 (In)-labelled white cell and Tc-nanocoll was proposed, and following a pilot study was introduced in routine service to improve the confidence of reporters. This technical note describes a simple technique to produce subtraction images from routinely acquired images to investigate and exclude post joint replacement infection. Labelled leucocytes (with In) show areas of increased white cell accumulation, whereas Tc-nanocoll images show bone marrow distribution...
July 19, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727652/surgical-emphysema-following-canalplasty-for-aural-exostoses
#5
Michael C Baxter, Matthew Keller, Anil Shah, Sean Wise
OBJECTIVE: To describe the presentation and management of surgical emphysema involving the temporomandibular joint and deep neck following exostoses removal. PATIENT: A 60-year-old male surfer presented with hearing loss and recurrent infections in the right ear. An examination revealed obstructing bony exostoses in the right external auditory canal. He underwent right canalplasty using a postauricular approach. At 5 weeks after surgery, he presented with right otalgia, swelling of the right face and neck, and complaints of a squeaking noise in the right ear with mandibular excursions...
July 19, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724376/sonication-contribution-to-identifying-prosthetic-joint-infection-with-ralstonia-pickettii-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Rares Mircea Birlutiu, Mihai Dan Roman, Razvan Silviu Cismasiu, Sorin Radu Fleaca, Crina Maria Popa, Manuela Mihalache, Victoria Birlutiu
BACKGROUND: In the context of an increase number of primary and revision total hip and total knee arthroplasty performed yearly, an increased risk of complication is expected. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains the most common and feared arthroplasty complication. Ralstonia pickettii is a Gram-negative bacterium, that has also been identified in biofilms. It remains an extremely rare cause of PJI. There is no report of an identification of R. pickettii on an extracted spacer loaded with antibiotic...
July 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723791/arthritis-secondary-to-meningococcal-disease-a-case-series-of-7-patients
#7
Vanina Masson-Behar, Hervé Jacquier, Pascal Richette, Jean-Marc Ziza, Valérie Zeller, Christophe Rioux, Baptiste Coustet, Philippe Dieudé, Sébastien Ottaviani
Arthritis secondary to invasive meningococcemia is rare and has been described as a direct result of bacteremia or as immunoallergic-type arthritis, related to the immune complex. Only a few case series have been reported.This multicenter study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics and therapeutic outcomes of arthritis secondary to meningococcal infection.We performed a 5-year retrospective study. We included all patients with inflammatory joint symptoms and proven meningococcal disease defined by the identification of Neisseria meningitidis in blood, cerebrospinal fluid, or synovial fluid...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721044/stimulated-phase-shift-acoustic-nanodroplets-enhance-vancomycin-efficacy-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-biofilms
#8
Hao Guo, Ziming Wang, Quanyin Du, Pan Li, Zhigang Wang, Aimin Wang
PURPOSE: Bacterial biofilms on the surface of prostheses are becoming a rising concern in managing prosthetic joint infections. The inherent resistant features of biofilms render traditional antimicrobial therapy unproductive and revision surgery outcomes uncertain. This situation has prompted the exploration of novel antimicrobial strategies. The synergy of ultrasound microbubbles and vancomycin has been proposed as an efficient alternative for biofilm eradication. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anti-biofilm effect of stimulated phase-shift acoustic nanodroplets (NDs) combined with vancomycin...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720784/snap-tagged-chikungunya-virus-replicons-improve-visualisation-of-non-structural-protein-3-by-fluorescence-microscopy
#9
Roland Remenyi, Grace C Roberts, Carsten Zothner, Andres Merits, Mark Harris
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), a mosquito-borne alphavirus, causes febrile disease, muscle and joint pain, which can become chronic in some individuals. The non-structural protein 3 (nsP3) plays essential roles during infection, but a complete understanding of its function is lacking. Here we used a microscopy-based approach to image CHIKV nsP3 inside human cells. The SNAP system consists of a self-labelling enzyme tag, which catalyses the covalent linking of exogenously supplemented synthetic ligands. Genetic insertion of this tag resulted in viable replicons and specific labelling while preserving the effect of nsP3 on stress granule responses and co-localisation with GTPase Activating Protein (SH3 domain) Binding Proteins (G3BPs)...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720606/re-using-blood-products-as-an-alternative-supplement-in-the-optimisation-of-clinical-grade-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-culture
#10
J Phetfong, T Tawonsawatruk, K Seenprachawong, A Srisarin, C Isarankura-Na-Ayudhya, A Supokawej
OBJECTIVES: Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) are a promising strategy for orthopaedic applications, particularly in bone repair. Ex vivo expansion of ADMSCs is required to obtain sufficient cell numbers. Xenogenic supplements should be avoided in order to minimise the risk of infections and immunological reactions. Human platelet lysate and human plasma may be an excellent material source for ADMSC expansion. In the present study, use of blood products after their recommended transfusion date to prepare human platelet lysate (HPL) and human plasma (Hplasma) was evaluated for in vitro culture expansion and osteogenesis of ADMSCs...
July 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717958/-the-8th-edition-of-the-ajcc-cancer-staging-manual-updates-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery
#11
REVIEW
J Doescher, J A Veit, T K Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The TNM system is an established tool for classification of solid tumors by means of tumor size and extent, the involvement of local lymph nodes, and the presence of distant metastases. The classification was established in order to visualize prognostic implications and to allow establishment of systematic therapeutic algorithms. Since the beginning of 2017 a revised version of the classification has applied. Particularly the classification of otorhinolaryngologic tumors has been thoroughly revised in the 8th edition, partly on the basis of new prognostically relevant parameters, such as infection with oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) subtypes...
July 17, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717889/combined-arthroscopically-assisted-coraco-and-acromioclavicular-stabilization-of-acute-high-grade-acromioclavicular-joint-separations
#12
Carmen Hann, Natascha Kraus, Marvin Minkus, Nina Maziak, Markus Scheibel
PURPOSE AND HYPOTHESIS: Due to high rate of persisting dynamic posterior translation (DPT) following isolated coracoclavicular double-button technique for reconstruction of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint reported in the literature, an additional acromioclavicular cerclage was added to the procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of patients with high-grade AC-joint instability treated with a double TightRope technique with an additional percutaneous acromioclavicular cerclage...
July 17, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717843/septic-arthritis-associated-with-systemic-sepsis
#13
Sung-Weon Jung, Dong-Hee Kim, Sung-Jin Shin, Byoung-Youl Kang, Yil-Ju Eho, Seong-Wook Yang
PURPOSE: Septic arthritis presents with good joint function, but sometimes leads to poor outcomes. Concurrent systemic sepsis has been regarded as the poor outcome, and the exact cause remains unclear. This paper was performed to identify factors associated with concurrent systemic sepsis and to research results to predict poor outcomes in patients with septic arthritis. METHODS: Laboratory and medical data were reviewed for 137 adults with acute septic arthritis who underwent open or arthroscopic surgical debridement at our institution between January 2005 and December 2014...
July 17, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716659/articulating-antibiotic-impregnated-spacers-in-prosthetic-joint-infections-where-do-we-stand
#14
Owen J Diamond, Bassam A Masri
Peri-prosthetic joint infection remains one of the most difficult and challenging complications following hip and knee arthroplasty for both patients and surgeons. Two-stage revision arthroplasty for infection remains the most popular option for the majority of patients and arguably the only option for some. The use antibiotic spacers and in particular articulating spacers has improved the quality of life for patients between stages. The spacers provides local delivery of high concentration antibiotics and provides many benefits to the soft tissues including maintaining soft tissue tension and range of movement...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715055/risk-of-surgical-site-infections-following-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-results-of-the-ischia-gisio-study
#15
A Agodi, F Auxilia, M Barchitta, M L Cristina, D D'Alessandro, I Mura, M Nobile, C Pasquarella, Gisio Gisio-SItI
BACKGROUND: Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is one of the major complications following insertion of hip or knee prosthesis. The aim of the present study was to describe rates of SSIs and associated risk factors during hip and knee prosthesis procedures in Italian hospitals. METHODS: Italian hospitals were invited to join the ISChIA (Surgical Site Infections in Arthroplasty Surgery) project and participated in the study on a voluntary basis. SSI surveillance was performed according to the Hospitals in Europe Link for Infection Control through Surveillance (HELICS) -SSI protocol...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714050/superiority-of-the-sonication-method-against-conventional-periprosthetic-tissue-cultures-for-diagnosis-of-prosthetic-joint-infections
#16
Sofia Tani, Panagiotis Lepetsos, Antonios Stylianakis, John Vlamis, Konstantinos Birbas, Ioannis Kaklamanos
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis of periprosthetic infections is challenging. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of conventional periprosthetic tissue culture and culture of sonication fluid of the explanted prostheses. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 114 patients undergoing revision hip or knee arthroplasty because of loosening of the prostheses, at our institution, between July 2012 and July 2016. Patients' medical history and demographic characteristics were recorded...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713738/three-dimensional-planning-and-reconstruction-of-the-mandible-in-children-with-craniofacial-microsomia-type-iii-using-costochondral-grafts
#17
Omri Emodi, Yair Israel, Michal Even Almos, Dror Aizenbud, John A Van Aalst, Adi Rachmiel
BACKGROUND: In craniofacial microsomia (CFM) Type III patients, autogenous costochondral grafts (CCG) are conventionally used for the reconstruction of the ramus and condyle. The aim of this study was to describe the use of CCG in children with CFM in terms of outcomes, growth patterns, and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of nine, aged 4-12 years, patients with CFM Type III, who underwent reconstruction of the mandibular ramus condyle unit by CCG...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713524/forced-air-warming-discontinued-periprosthetic-joint-infection-rates-drop
#18
REVIEW
Scott D Augustine
Several studies have shown that the waste heat from forced-air warming (FAW) escapes near the floor and warms the contaminated air resident near the floor. The waste heat then forms into convection currents that rise up and contaminate the sterile field above the surgical table. It has been shown that a single airborne bacterium can cause a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) following joint replacement surgery. We retrospectively compared PJI rates during a period of FAW to a period of air-free conductive fabric electric warming (CFW) at three hospitals...
June 23, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713108/current-prescribing-practices-for-antibiotic-prophylaxis-a-survey-of-dental-practitioners
#19
Leah S Spittle, Kathleen B Muzzin, Patricia R Campbell, Janice P DeWald, Francisco Rivera-Hidalgo
AIM: Antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines have been developed for health care and dentistry. The authors examined whether dentists were following the 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) and the 2012 American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was sent to 600 dentists in the south-central region of the United States. The survey examined dentists' prescribing practices for patients with cardiac and prosthetic joint replacements, antibiotic regimen prescribed, confidence in their prescription decisions, and dentistry's contribution to antibiotic resistance...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712799/diagnosing-periprosthetic-joint-infection-and-the-winner-is
#20
Alisina Shahi, Timothy L Tan, Michael M Kheir, Dean D Tan, Javad Parvizi
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains a challenge despite a wide variety of available diagnostic tests. The question that arises is which of these tests has a better performance for diagnosing PJI. Diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) has been described as the best indicator for test performance. METHODS: To compare the performance of the standard diagnostic tests, the DOR of serum erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP), synovial fluid (SF) white blood cell (WBC) count, SF polymorphonuclear (PMN%), and leukocyte esterase (LE) were calculated...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
keyword
keyword
15482
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"