keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Brachial neuropathy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303912/new-technologies-for-the-assessment-of-neuropathies
#1
REVIEW
Roberto Gasparotti, Luca Padua, Chiara Briani, Giuseppe Lauria
Technical advances are rapidly changing the clinical and instrumental approach to peripheral nerve diseases. Magnetic resonance neurography, diffusion tensor imaging and nerve ultrasonography are increasingly entering the diagnostic workup of peripheral neuropathies as tools that complement neurophysiology and enable investigation of proximal structures, such as plexuses and roots. Progress in the design of magnetic resonance scanners and sequences, and the development of high-frequency ultrasound probes mean that high-resolution peripheral nerve imaging is possible, enabling detailed examination of nerve size, morphology and internal fascicular structure that can integrate nerve conduction studies into clinical practice...
March 17, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259276/comparison-of-ultrasound-guided-axillary-brachial-plexus-block-properties-in-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Emine Aysu Salviz, Sukru Onbasi, Anil Ozonur, Mukadder Orhan-Sungur, Omer Berkoz, Kamil Mehmet Tugrul
PURPOSE: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 may have subclinical peripheral nerve neuropathy. We performed this study to compare the differences in duration of axillary brachial plexus blocks in patients with type 2 DM and without DM (NODM). Our hypothesis was that the sensory block duration would be prolonged in patients with DM. METHODS: A total of 71 patients who were scheduled for elective forearm and/or hand surgery were enrolled in this study. Before surgery, they received ultrasound-guided axillary brachial plexus blocks with a mixture of 10 mL lidocaine 2% and 20 mL bupivacaine 0...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198531/superficial-brachial-artery-a-possible-cause-for-idiopathic-median-nerve-entrapment-neuropathy
#3
Pilani Nkomozepi, Nkosi Xhakaza, Elaine Swanepoel
Nerve entrapment syndromes occur because of anatomic constraints at specific locations in both upper and lower limbs. Anatomical locations prone to nerve entrapment syndromes include sites where a nerve courses through fibro-osseous or fibromuscular tunnels or penetrates a muscle. The median nerve (MN) can be entrapped by the ligament of Struthers; thickened biceps aponeurosis; between the superficial and deep heads of the pronator teres muscle and by a thickened proximal edge of flexor digitorum superficialis muscle...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188346/-clinical-indications-for-high-resolution-mri-diagnostics-of-the-peripheral-nervous-system
#4
T Godel, M Weiler
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Peripheral neuropathies are common and diagnostically often challenging disorders. Difficulties particularly exist in lesion localization and recognition of complex spatial lesion patterns. STANDARD DIAGNOSTIC METHODS: Medical history taking, neurological examination, neurophysiological tests and nerve ultrasonography represent the gold standard in the diagnosis of peripheral nerve lesions but have known methodical limitations. METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: The use of 3 Tesla magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) is an additional diagnostic imaging tool recently developed for the high-resolution visualization of long segments of peripheral nerves...
February 10, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138789/phrenic-nerve-palsy-secondary-to-parsonage-turner-syndrome-a-diagnosis-commonly-overlooked
#5
Tom McEnery, Ronan Walsh, Conor Burke, Aisling McGowan, John Faul, Liam Cormican
Neuralgic Amyotrophy (NA) or Parsonage-Turner syndrome is an idiopathic neuropathy commonly affecting the brachial plexus. Associated phrenic nerve involvement, though recognised, is thought to be very rare. We present a case series of four patients (all male, mean age 53) presenting with dyspnoea preceded by severe self-limiting upper limb and shoulder pain, with an elevated hemi-diaphragm on clinical examination and chest X-ray. Neurological examination of the upper limb at the time of presentation was normal...
January 30, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121977/bilateral-upper-extremity-hyperesthesia-and-absence-of-neck-tenderness-in-four-adolescent-athletes-with-cervical-spine-injuries
#6
Jay Douglas Fisher, Elizabeth Lewis Thorpe
Cervical spine injury in the pediatric athlete is an uncommon but potentially devastating condition that can require a heightened index of suspicion to correctly diagnose. Although some cervical spine injuries present overtly with paraplegia due to cord transection, others can present more subtly with symptoms suggestive of bilateral peripheral neuropathy. Patients with traumatic brachial neuropraxia or "stinger" physiology can present similarly, but symptoms are exclusively unilateral. We present 4 patients with bilateral upper extremity hyperesthesias and absence of tenderness over the cervical vertebral landmarks who were subsequently diagnosed with cervical spine injuries...
January 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054138/-ultrasound-guided-interventions-on-the-peripheral-nervous-system
#7
A Loizides, L Gruber, S Peer, M Plaikner, H Gruber
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Up to the advent of high-resolution ultrasound, interventions on the peripheral nervous system, including local anesthesia and pain treatment were performed without visual guidance, which in some cases led to treatment failure or local tissue and nerve damage. METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: Progress in the field of ultrasound has enabled the functional visualization, anesthesia and anti-inflammatory or neurolytic treatment of many peripheral nerves, such as the brachial plexus, nerves of the upper and lower extremities and various nerves of the trunk...
March 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050354/a-case-report-on-unilateral-accessory-humeral-head-of-pronator-teres
#8
Suman Verma, Sulochana Sakthivel
The presence of an accessory muscle in the forearm is likely to compress on the neurovascular structures and has clinical implications. We encountered an accessory humeral head of pronator teres during routine dissection of left upper limb in a male cadaver. The accessory head had fleshy origin from medial supracondylar line, medial intermuscular septum and brachialis fascia. It coursed downwards in the cubital region covering brachial artery and median nerve. Further, it narrowed becoming mostly tendinous and joined with the humeral head of pronator teres...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047711/su-f-r-06-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury-imaging-developing-a-coherent-clinical-protocol-from-literature-review-through-practice
#9
D Wu, E France, J Lambert, J Hinkle
PURPOSE: Medical Physics teams can now play a critical role to help plan and provide studied approaches for traumatic brachial plexus MR imaging (tbpMRI). This is especially important for coordination with uncommon applications, since it is challenging to select the right modality, parameters, and train technologists on the essential components. For this work, we started with a review of the medical literature, performed crossover/volunteer studies to bring tbpMRI to practice with greater image QC and protocol management...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000493/accessory-coracobrachialis-muscle-with-two-bellies-and-abnormal-insertion-case-report
#10
George Paraskevas, Konstantinos Koutsouflianiotis, Kalliopi Iliou, Theodosis Bitsis, Panagiotis Kitsoulis
OBJECTIVE: In the current study a brief review is presented of the coracobrachialis muscle's morphological variability, action, embryological development and clinical significance. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a left-sided coracobrachialis muscle consisting of two bellies. The deep belly inserts into the usual site in the middle area of the anteromedial aspect of the left humerus, whereas the superficial belly inserts through a muscular slip into the brachial fascia and the medial intermuscular septum, forming a musculo-aponeurotic tunnel in the middle region of the left arm, for the passage of the median nerve, brachial artery and veins, medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve and ulnar nerve...
November 2016: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999953/the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-evaluation-of-peripheral-nerves-following-traumatic-lesion-where-do-we-stand
#11
REVIEW
Oswaldo Ribeiro Marquez Neto, Matheus Silva Leite, Tiago Freitas, Paulo Mendelovitz, Eric Arruda Villela, Iruena Moraes Kessler
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve injury is a common and important cause of morbidity and disability in patients who have suffered a traumatic injury, particularly younger people. Various different injuries can result in damage to specific nerves. In patients with multiple trauma, the prevalence of peripheral nerve injury is estimated at 2.8%, but can reach 5% with the inclusion of brachial plexus involvement. Physical examination, as well as the origin and location of the trauma, can indicate the nerve involved and the type of nerve damage...
February 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927940/diagnostic-value-of-sonography-in-treatment-naive-chronic-inflammatory-neuropathies
#12
H Stephan Goedee, W Ludo van der Pol, Jan-Thies H van Asseldonk, Hessel Franssen, Nicolette C Notermans, Alexander J F E Vrancken, Michael A van Es, Stavros Nikolakopoulos, Leo H Visser, Leonard H van den Berg
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic value of high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) for detection of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), Lewis-Sumner syndrome (LSS), and multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN). METHODS: Between January 2013 and January 2015, we enrolled 75 consecutive treatment-naive patients with chronic inflammatory neuropathies and 70 disease controls. We performed extensive nerve conduction and standardized HRUS studies bilaterally of large arm and leg nerves and brachial plexus...
January 10, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912129/incidence-of-complications-in-young-onset-diabetes-comparing-type-2-with-type-1-the-young-diab-study
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Anandakumar Amutha, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Ulagamathesan Venkatesan, Harish Ranjani, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, K M Venkat Narayan, Viswanathan Mohan, Mohammed K Ali
BACKGROUND: There is little data on the incidence of diabetes complications in young onset type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in non European populations. METHODS: From a tertiary diabetes centre, Chennai, India, we recruited 108 T1DM (defined by abrupt onset of symptoms or diabetic ketoacidosis, absent insulin reserve requiring insulin treatment) and 90 T2DM participants (defined by absence of ketosis, good beta-cell reserve, and good response to oral agents) who were diagnosed between the ages of 10 and 25years, and without any evidence of diabetes complications at diagnosis...
January 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833493/postoperative-visual-loss-following-dorsal-root-entry-zone-rhizotomy-a-dreaded-complication-after-a-benign-procedure
#14
R K Mishra, C Mahajan, A Bindra, K Goyal
Postoperative visual loss (POVL) is a rare but grave postoperative complication. It has been mainly reported in patients undergoing cardiac and spinal surgeries. Dorsal root entry zone (DREZ) is pain relieving procedure performed in patients with refractory neuropathic pain with minimal complication rate. We present a case of unilateral POVL following DREZ rhizotomy in prone position in a patient having brachial plexus neuropathy. Exact etiology of vision loss was though not clear; hypotension, use of vasopressors and hemodilution may have led to vision loss in this patient...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830483/variations-in-the-innervation-of-the-long-head-of-the-triceps-brachii-a-cadaveric-investigation
#15
Alexandra J Erhardt, Bennett Futterman
BACKGROUND: Some leading anatomy texts state that all three heads of the triceps brachii are innervated by the radial nerve. The posterior cord of the brachial plexus bifurcates to terminate as the radial and axillary nerves. Studies have noted the presence of axillary innervation to the long head of the triceps brachii muscle, patterns different from the classic exclusive radial nerve supply. An understanding of these variations may assist the clinician in the assessment of shoulder weakness and in preoperative and operative planning of radial and axillary neuropathies...
January 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823370/peripheral-neuropathy-of-a-forelimb-in-horses-27-cases-2000-2013
#16
Anne-Laure Emond, Lélia Bertoni, Maeva Seignour, Virginie Coudry, Jean-Marie Denoix
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical features, diagnostic procedures, management, and outcome of horses with peripheral neuropathy of a forelimb. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 27 horses. PROCEDURES Records from 2000 to 2013 were reviewed to identify horses with peripheral neuropathy of a forelimb. Horses were grouped as having predominant lesions of a suprascapular nerve, axillary nerve, or radial nerve (alone or in association with other brachial plexus nerves) on the basis of physical examination and diagnostic imaging findings...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801698/magnetic-resonance-neurographic-and-clinical-long-term-results-after-oberlin-s-transfer-for-adult-brachial-plexus-injuries
#17
Florian S Frueh, Michael Ho, Andreas Schiller, Pascal Ducommun, Andrei Manoliu, Gustav Andreisek, Maurizio Calcagni, Pietro Giovanoli
The primary goal of the surgical treatment of upper brachial plexus injuries is to restore active elbow flexion. Accordingly, Oberlin's transfer has been frequently performed since 1994 and has influenced the development of other nerve transfers. However, the window of opportunity for nerve transfers remains a subject of controversy. The objective of this study was to assess magnetic resonance (MR) neurographic, clinical and electrophysiological long-term results after Oberlin's transfer. For this purpose, we performed a retrospective follow-up study...
January 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783183/association-of-sudomotor-function-with-peripheral-artery-disease-in-type-2-diabetes
#18
Simran Chahal, Kanchan Vohra, Ashit Syngle
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is the major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and lower extremity amputation in patients with diabetes. Autonomic neuropathy is a risk factor for cardiovascular-related morbidity and mortality. Sudomotor dysfunction is well established in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and reflects small fibre neuropathy, cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy and peripheral sympathetic autonomic neuropathy. However, the relationship between sudomotor dysfunction and PAD remains unexplored...
January 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730333/characterization-of-patients-with-diabetic-foot-disease-presenting-to-an-irish-podiatry-centre-profiling-suitability-for-entry-to-a-clinical-trial-of-advanced-wound-therapeutics
#19
A M Mahon, C MacGilchrist, C McIntosh, T O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus, coined the 'Black Death of the Twenty-First Century', is associated with complications, including foot ulceration with potential loss of limb. There is a need for development of new wound therapies through completion of robust clinical trials. AIMS: To profile demographics and wound characteristics of an Irish cohort with diabetes, forecast eligibility for entry to a clinical trial of advanced wound therapeutics, and adjust criteria to optimize eligibility for enrolment...
October 11, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723246/comparison-of-five-systems-of-classification-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers-and-predictive-factors-for-amputation
#20
Byung-Joon Jeon, Hwan Jun Choi, Jin Seok Kang, Min Sung Tak, Eun Soo Park
Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disorder. Among various complications, diabetic neuropathy and peripheral vascular disorders are closely associated with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). Lower extremity ulcers and amputations are ongoing problems among individuals with diabetes. There are several classification systems for DFUs; however, no prognostic system has to date been accepted as the gold standard or the optimum prediction tool for amputations. A retrospective study was designed. Demographic data and baseline laboratory data were gathered and scored or evaluated using five representative DFU classification systems...
October 10, 2016: International Wound Journal
keyword
keyword
15480
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"